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ûΪǵĿṩֶΡͬʱ ǵĴŬ ҲΪ˸˵Ŀṩֶ ԱñҲΪǵĿṩֶΡΪܹɵѡԼֶ DzܹɵѡԼĿꡣ

ɴ˿ɼ һɲȱٵ ҵƶȼǸɵıҪ ҲɵĽ ҵƶȵĵʱ Ҳ̸ֻ۾ Ҳ뿼һµһϵ

˵ɶ ΰݳѷͳ ָ״̬ܷɱɵľ״̬ ܵǿ ձЧġƽһ˵ķ涨ǿ רֵľ涨ǿơ

ͬ¼ֵĹϵ໥ĺ͸ӵ ֻ籨 ̸̸еһЩҪ㡣

һ һϵķ º͵¼ֵ ֻɵĻŻɳ һ ͸ײֻڳɵ Żиеĵ±׼ӵеɳ̶ȳȡһϵĹ۵ ֻɵжǿĵʱ Żõع ֻеѵõȷʱ DzܵɵĺôԴһҪ˵ Ҫõı Ҫǿĵ±׼ Ҫһض͵ĵ±׼ Щ±׼ɳ׳ һDZ Ҳ ͬʱҲͻһе¼ֵĻ

̸׵֮ǰ Ҫϵ˵仰ⱾǴҶϤ ȴʱǡǵ¼ֵȻڶֵеһֵּ ָмֵĸԴɳҡ ⼸Dz֤顣ֻڸ˼ѡ Ϊ˳еεĵط л϶ִļֵٽǵĽһչ ӮõϵijӾ¼ֵ ֻΪdzѡǿơǴаԼͬĿ ǵĵʶչ֡ÿڰձĵ׼ھʱ ϱҪͺͲһЩһԭ ɴ˴ļֵ

ʱ˿ûʱ˵ Ϊʲôһ˵ ʵϲط ִҲһֱԾѹΪĿһΰ˵˶ķءһ ɵһزԷɵIJ ԿѵĮ ǶԶ˵ͬ顣

һҪ̸̸һ档Ȼ ɵijɹȡɵĸ׷ļֵܶ DZȻطչ޳ɵļֵ ǽῴ Щάϵļֵֻ˵ ֵļֵɵIJ رǻ̵ļֵ ЩɹصֿǿƵʿ ܵõ϶ ڽִܵ Ҫ鹦ܹո˵µԴǴŻԲ˵ ֻЩֵ¼ֵͬƵ Ϊ һЩ Ѿݽˡ

һжǿ֤ΪҪҪǿĵΪ Ϊάɺ͵ ǾӦ߾ȫȷĵҪĵһִ󿴷 ڸ֮ǰ DZ¡

ȱ» Ǹǵʮֲᡣ ҲҪڼ޵µᡣ𽥲ֹܵĵһϺԼǿҵķ δѭָƵ֮ǰ DZѡ ֻĬĬطij˰ͻ ҵһλĻ ˵һϴͳиΰǻۡд μһϰ Ϊûѧʹ֮ǰ Ͳ һ֤ǰᡣֽϵĹǸ ûѧӾ֮ǰˮһֱȵȫôʱŻ ҲֻԶȥˡ

ղҽ˹ϵǻ ұת̸̸ΪϾ⡣˵ Ҫõı Ҫǿҵĵ ҪǽijЩضĵ¹˼˵ ijЩ֮ ĿǿԶԸıϵĵ¹סҲ񲼿˵ ΪƽȺ;ԭ ƽվѷһʲôϿƽ жϱ޳ ֱ仯ԭ֮һ һٷ ΪʮֹͿƽȶԴ ijЩ峡ϻò пDzá

⵱Ȼ ҲҪ ܲһ˳ĵһЩһĹ ҿĻ ûЩ ޷档ΪĹؼԹ һйظε ͬһƶȵĹ ƶ ʱһΪͬṩľļֵһ ΪһԼĵ²ضܵһ¡

ڵһֻ˵ ȻҸеʮѡִĸַչǿѧ¼ֵµһ һֱ˼Ҫ⡪һλѧǡоĿ ҲҪĿֻü仰̸̸ص⡣

ǶԸǿᡣ˸Լ֪ʶ ĺǡĿ Զزȡжʱ ʹǵжмֵ Ҫ ǵijɾҪȡԼһɲиɻ ڴٽ״ͽС ȷЧ

ڳֵ˼ Ϊ йظεѾ ΪԽԽʶ˸¼ձ顪Ϊһ͵ϵķʽӰΪĸֻ ǵڲ Dz Ҳ˶ѡʲô ǵȫĸ ǾͲܶ ijضԾΪ ǿԾָľ廷ıȻЩΪܹܵӰһ֪ʶ Щ֪ʶᡪ ĿԿȡķʽ¡εǽһ޵ľϡʵ ǵ֪ʶ֤ҲֻôࡣֻŴһϵ֮ζѧҵ ܹΪű ΪҪԼΪǺôġ

ġΪѧĹ۵㱳 һ׾ӵۡѹʹҷϷ ƻᷢչԱ֤ȷΪҪ÷̵áɵĽǡ񼲲񻰡 ܳľѧ T.S.  ʲʿһԴΪ һȷĿǰΪֹ ǴŻûзֽijЩʹԼǵͬ̫ĹѷʽǾе֪ʶ ðѹø˶ԼΪ еԼ޹Ĺʧɵĺ DZԲܽһɹᡣ

˵һʮҪ һ˴ͬõ ȡڶ̶յҪ ôͬҪ ʱ Ӧͬĵ²صĿ ӦǸΪṩľļֵʹ˵ڶ Ҫά ͱṫĹռϷ硣 ĺߺͼƶȵijߴط硣 Ĵ幫۵ һ㶼ֱԲ ɵ֧ȴޱҪ̹ǵں

򵥵ʵ ϣӵ ΪֻеܹԼʲôʱ пܶԼе֪ʶɺԳֵ Դ˭Ҳ޷ȫۡҪ˳ַDZ DZԼԸֻͿԵĹƲȡжȻDz˽֪ʲô Ҳ޴Ӷ϶ľǷҲ޴֪ ijɰΪŬԶ Ϊ˺ˡ֮ ֻܿ ܿͼ򶯻 ֻеͬԸΪķǮʱ ܹʹԼ֪ʶ ͬǷΪıӮõĵҸ޹ءһõı Ƕĵ²صĿͬ Dzɱġ Ƕҵƶ ķ䡱 һҪԭһΪԼΪӮõ ͬΪķ֧ļֵ ʵȲʵҲôλڸһʵ ǾʹشˡҲûκαҪ

ҿ һŵ ʱ겻ȡͬеĶǷϲǸˡζֻҪعϵĹ ܵĵѹֻԼص ijȨʽı Ӧõʱ Ϊ˱ ΪΪṩҪĶϣܵ˵ ǵȻҪԴָǵж֮ɵ ΪÿյǷɹȡĸǷϲǡǵԭǵǵľֹ Ϊṩʱ ڱ˴Ϊǵķ֧ʱ ǿԾǷֵַ񡣪

ǺѸ ijͻȻһпʹͬdzĺ ŬͳͶʵĽ ֪ʶͻżȻɺ϶ͻȻ ȷʵ֪ ǰ ô粻Ҵл DzֵȥðյġȻDz֪ ֻҲΪ˺˶档Ҳ Ǵǿһ ǵ ˵ͬϵijɹŹеĹϵӦʶ Ϊijʸϵĸ߱ ⱾȻζҲʸõȻʱһʶ Ⲣ˵ֻҵƶȵıȻһҵƶȱƶȸϡɴ뵽Ҫָһ ҿ෽൱ϵġ

ʵ Ψҵƶȷչ Ϊṩḻֶεͬʱ ʹЩֶҪҪ Ȼɵʱͷʱ֮ȡᡣҸղ˵ĻҡһΪͬṩķļֵ²ضõֵ֮Ļҡʹҵ ֹķ Բһֶδڵһ֧֮ ʲƸķһйͬŬҪ Ӷʹκ;ñѷѽ⡣

ʹ˶ ҵпܳΪһԪ Ļ뻮һ ಻ͬԭ ijɹȲǸƷµΨһ֤ ҲΪȷ֤ݡ ڲƸѸʱ ˶ǵһγ˸ĺô ˰Ҫзʵĸϡŷչʱ֮ǰ ΪʵĽײ в˹ڳ𾭼ýΪԾʱ ϵ Լܹ׵׷ ҲΪʱ

ĻΰĴʱ һڲƸѸٵʱ֮ ͬʱ֡Ϊ Ⲣ˵ض֧ ˵ɵ ĵ ֵļֵ ΪҪǸ˻ ǸеЩʽҪʱ ǾܹתЩ顣ҪʹԼڱ̫ ͨʱһƷ ֱֻʵس ЩϵijɹҪ

ΪһƶԼȥ ɱ ǷӦѡʳɾͶ͵Ľܳ Ǵƶ δʧ߰ѴﵽĿֶιø ôһ߱޹¿ԡֻеһܹԼѡΪ˷ʵĿĶϵʱ Ӧõ͡Ը˰ԼѡȨ ԸһҪ ҿʲôرı֡

ұָ Щĸ ҷִκη濴ҵΪϡȻһ˸˸Ŀռ ͨΪͬṩ׷󵥴Ŀ ҲΪṩ˻ȥ׷ΪҪκĿꡣĪ ۺʱ ΪﵽĿֶɱ˴ ôĿǺܳġ

Ҫһʼ̸˵仰ںҵƶʱǼס ֶֺֻͬйء ȫԼвɰṩֶεЧЩֶĿΪһ̸һЧ֮ûκα׼ Ȼ̣ЧʡǿɵطԼIJŸ ΪṩҪֶ һҪЩֶζǵļֵرǡ˵ ֻԼֶ֧ε

ӦһֶΪͬ DzҪͬĿҪԻΪһ̸ҵƶпʹÿڷͬͬʱ Ҳ׷ԼĿ ҫ ƶȱֻһֶ ޿Ա뱻һЩͬĿꡣ

ע

ΪҮ 1961  12  ŦԼ 66  ҵϵĽ ֯ΪȫЭ FelixMorley,HerrellDeGraff  JohnDavenport  ƽһӡˢ TheSpiritualandMoralSignificationofFreeEnterprise,NewYork,1962 

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