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W.ķ
WillKymlicka
M.ɣ¶MichaelSandelġIJDemocracy'sDiscontentΪṩѶ͢١ͻۡһڰ汾͢ΪʹϵӦΪжԵġͨԼ̵ۡġ˹̵Լ̵ġ֮ijͻЩӵиԹˡƶȵĹɣ¶Ϊڻڲ˵ҲӦΪֵжԵġͨԼۡ񹲺ͳ壨civicrepublicanismandproceduralliberalismijͻɣ¶Ѿȡ˹񹲺壬Ժ

Ϊ۵ijͻƺҪȰΪ໥ֵijͻһͳ۵˸ȤһǷε׼ȷĻа;Ҳʷרңⷴɣ¶ʷ˵෴ҽעڵһ⣺Ŀǰܵġ񹲺嵽ѣǵˣҽ֤ǻ˵Ӧѣҿ֮ķѧ˻ɵģʵ䷴ġ ҽȸΪȷؽ綨ϣΪ֮绤ֳ壬޶˹͵ֽϵһƽ壨һ֣ȻҽΪʲôΪɣ¶һ汾ij빫񹲺ķ磨ڶ֣ⲢǷַʱ໥ͻĽ飬ЩԺģУΪӦȡṫ񹲺壬Ҳ˵ٽεļ棨thecollectivegoodofself-government֤ضԴ˵ĺԣ֣

ҿɣ¶ԳһЩطƺΪڱϾǴģΪҲ䳤ڵij⣬һϵĴ𰸶ǴģһЩطƺ˵ԭǿȡģʵǿסģҲ˵͵ԣԻȷĴ𰸣ۺϵЧȴƶȵĿԡ ҽоڵһԭԵҽڱĵĽβתڶʵΪһһdzҪδۼҳֹע⣬һ˼˵Ϊʲô͹ӦѶǵˣIJ֣

һʲôdz壿
ɣ¶ָģԲȡʽһι׵һŵˡߵٶDavidGauthierϵһ塣һɿ϶ƲȨʥַʽɹǿִеٷֵ̬ȣһ޶˹ֽͲ³˹BruceAckermanϵһƽ壬һɿ϶ӦõIJƽȵıҪԣ衰ߵĸԵϵԡ

էƺǷdzͬġֱӶġۣɣ¶ǿֲͬʽڸIJӵijֹͬҪԤ裬ǡԼҡtheunencumberedselfҵĹЩԤʹó塪ûIJ

ҳЩҪԤdzеģȻںȴܡΪȷʵˡǽȻͬġЩԤԲƲȨʥַһԺ衰ߵĸԵԵһȴܲȫͬĽˣΪȷ۳Ӱ죬Ҫѡһضʽij壬һЩڸҵԤڴᄈչֵġ

Ȼͬʽij壬˱ĽҪ۹񹲺ƽĹϵ[i]ôν壿ɣ¶ʹһۣ磬ЩطΪһ֡ġġۣһЩط˵ȨԸƵԵλһЩط̸ԼҡԼҶĿĵԣЩʹǶǺģʹɻ󲻽⣬ˣбҪ׼ȷؽ綨ƽ塣ΪƽҡԼֱҪţǹƽǰ嶼еģΪƽС ԵĿԣRationalRevisability
ٶӵй̶ġһɲƵĹ෴ÿһӦԵ˼ĿǰϿɵĿģһΪЩĿIJֵЧңӦǡұʹпܷչʵԵĿҿԲֵͨΪͯṩһڷչĺʵɽֵֹͨ˻ֹʵͼʵһĿꡣԵĿԵijŵɣ¶ʱᵽԼҡҶĿĵԡҪ󡣣[ii]

۵Ĺ
ӦƵĹбҲ˵ҲӦͨijЩضƵĹڼֵзּΪ绤ҵDZԼжϲͬƵļֵƽطȨԴʹܹ֮׷ԼƵĹҸʲôӵеģʲôDZӵеģǿӦõԼƵĹر˵ĺϷȨǣij˵ƵĹȷʵ˱˵ĺϷȨôҲӦö䣨ģʽڼֵۡ޷ͨԲͬģģʽڼֵйķּΪΪ绤ΪͲڹIJϵ޶˹ָģڲͬƵĹбΪһϵĺڼֵij߶Ȼȷŵ˵ЩƽȵģΪЩ޷һġϽС[iii]һɣ¶ʱ֮ΪĹҡƵԡ

еij嶼޳ɵģȻƽеġ

ԵרIJƽȵľ
רᡱIJƽȡֵġӦõIJƽȡDzģӦԾһǿ˿Ըϣѡ񣨱磬ԹϾǰ볤õĽڼ󡢻ðð[iv]֮ȨIJͬѡ񣩶ӵвͬIJƲȻӵвƽȵIJƲԼѡ񡪡ĽôǵרĺͲġרIJƽȵĸԴỷ磬һҵļͥҰȻʣ磬ȱijЩʻϵ츳ָֽģķۣӦáѡ񡱶ڻbe"choice-sensitive"but"circumstance-insensitive"ӦóϻǵѡIJƲͬӦþǵȻʻỷIJƽȡ

Źĺģ[v]ûʹúɣ¶ȫһһۣΪͬҶĸڣҴ֤һʽijڴǹ񹲺һѣɣ¶ͼѳһˣѧ󵼵ģġ

Ҷɣ¶ķɵԭ֮һǣ˲ȫϺƾõġҵϵʶͳʿ¾ͬǶٵ95%ʵĿҲỨеʱ໥һ5%⣬Ϊͬܵ95%ⲢսҵĸоЩܾ˵ͨDzҪģʵ䷴ġɣ¶ΪƽĶ󣬶ǽķֻƽڴ빫еӰſȡýһ۵Ҫɵġ

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1˵ǰеΪɥʧһȺԼһԼ˵ĸо
2ֲֻͨڹͬͬ͹µ
3޷ͬͬ빫£ΪŵԵĿԣԼҡͷ۵Ĺңҵԡ

ҹҽܹ۵㣨1ͣ2۹۵㣨3ƽ޷ͬͬ͹𣿳ȻƽĺԭǰѲģû漰Щ⣬Ϊô˵ǹģƽһĸindividualagencyĹֱʵġŷcommitmentһĹͬͬ͹¹ûͬŷһƽ߿ͬͬ͹¾Эٽһֵԣֻܳ䵱Ҫɫ

˵ͬͬ͹ֻܳ䵱Ҫɫ˵Ǹá෴֤Źؼġɻȱãƽļֵһӵijֹͬͬ빫µʵ֣ʵֻʵ֡Ļƽߴ۳ȫڴ⡣ƽһŵ⣬ӦڽĻϸݾۡ

Щ߿ΪǵҪļֵǶӰDzģЩ߼ΪӦñΪļֵȷжԣʹֵΪۣҲҪٽǡʵϣǹŵ乫񹲺߾ŵģҽĻصһϡɣ¶ȴȫͬҼɻ󲻽ĿΪƽ޷漰Щ⣬ǰΪҪļֵԭųʹùԴٽκδĿܡ

Ϊɣ¶ڴ˷һɵĴҿȫŪŷԵĿ۵ĹҡΪԹԵĸţûͬµ⡣ҵ⣬۾ǣƵĹбôȻҲֹͬͬ͹µĹбΪDzɱҪijЩƵϵһ

ʵϣɣ¶δΪ乲ͬͬ͹²ɱƵĹϵһĹ۵绤ˣDzο֮Ĺϵġ򵥵ذǻһ𣬾ͺһ¡ʱƺһʽĹ۵㣬ͬ¹ƵĹһЩطƺ֤ƵĹбҲͬµĹбɡ

Ȼ޷ȷɣ¶ϵȷпҲ޷ȷѵػӦҿȴ䶨ʽĿ֡ͨһƵĹһ¹ȻDzȷġȫȡΪᳫһֹµĹᳫijΪӵЩ½ʹһ˵ΪԲôȻᳫһƵĹȻᳫЩΪӵǽʹһ˸пôͲᳫһƵĹûоʹûʲôĿֵõĻԲ˵ӵЩʵ϶ijЩ˵һָ磬ЩԸⲹȱݵ˿ܻ쵽ʵһ½ɱʹԼΪ˵ԵʶԼĸ

ȻЩ˻ΪʵЩڱֵõġģңĹǿҪԣǿܻ˶񡣵ǣ˵ϲδؾǡһɵҲǡҳµĻᳫ½Ϊʹܹʵĸԭ

֮һ²һƵĹ֤ܹʹӵµ˵ӳʵȻⲢᳫΨһܵı绤෴ҲΪ˵ǰõ绤

ͬڹͬͬ⡣ᳫijĹͬͬδǣijƵĹȫȡͬԼᳫԭֹͬͬĻһƵĹôᳫȻᳫһƵĹǣⲢǹͬͬΨһںܶ£ĻǹͬƵĹǶһŹͬĹȥͬδĴıȽĹС

ʵϣִͬͨ磬ǰԼǡˡͬˣⲢҪӵһͬƵĹǿܻԶذ˿ǡеһԱ֪κ˵ƵĹ˶ƵĿǻһµģʱֱӶģȻϲܶԷˣΪǶһֹͬһĸоӵͬʷյԼͬδǿǵĹȥһܶδϣྶͥǻϹͬһᣬֹͬĹйͬĻ

ĹʷࡰͬȷʵˣĿIJᳫijƵĹ乫Ŀԡ֪ǰΪеһԱôǾ͸пΪˣᳫһͬǿά໥С[vi]

ᳫ֡ĹͬͬΪǽʹ˸пôδΥԡᳫͬǽƵĹ֮ϵģΪⲢ˵дͬȾֵͬãҲûΪеЩĿֵõĻԲģ˵ǰѱ˿ǡǡеijԱôǾ͸п

ϣЩʾģڳУtherightȨ롰ơthegoodǹؼ֡һĹ޳ԭ򣬵жϵǸˡɣ¶Ȼ֪һ㣬Լһʼǿһ㣬漴ڶ߿ʼֽĵط˴жϣûκνͺ֤ͼٶºͬȻȻڡơǡ⣬˼ٶᳫ»ͬᳫһƵĹͬԭдʱͺȨԴڡ⣬ͬڡơ⡣ һķֽǴֱͬ/ºȨ/Դķֽߵġǹֶֶ֮֮֡ǿܹߵĶʲôǺϷȨԴλ£ǹͬͬߵĿĶӦǴٽԭƵĹ֮෴һ۵Ĺѹߵ⡪ȨԴ¡βܴٽijƵĹ֮ϣһƵĹΪֵõĻԲġ ޶˹˶һһ¶ԳõҪУνġŵ乲塱͡˵塱"civichumanism"ڹŵ乲忴ڹᳫij£ֹܷɻΪڽ/塣޶˹ָᳫµһȫϣΪDZΪǰ෴˵塱ԣᳫΪǵġԡֻڡƵӵȵλвŵʵ֡޶˹ָģڳ빫˵֮šĶΪ˵߶µı绤ǽһƵĹĻ֮ϵġ[vii]

ˣûΪĹڱϲᳫijЩºͬȫȡЩͬʲôԼΪʲôᳫǡЩͬȥ񣬲ȻԼȥԵƵĹôֵֻȫϵġ빲ͬͬڸȷϺǶԱ˵ôƽһµģܴٽ

ңҲǡǡңۼңһֱͬͬһֱᳫijָĹȨºijͬʵϣᳫЩͬۼ޳ǿԽҪɡ

ɣ¶ʱΪƵһƺй淶һƵĹָһʲôʹ˵ûõĹʲôʹ˵ֵùĹԼһΪϵƲʹ˵ʵḻֵáĹˣ˵ӦƵбʱ˼ǹҲӦöԲͬʽӷּ򣬹ӦýƵжˣȷһɡƽĻøȥЩжϡ

ⲢûųᳫijЩºֻͬҪΪDZ绤ȷ׷ԼƵƷΧӵЩºͬ԰ʲôʱ׷ԼʱΥ˺ϷȨ˵ЩͬƵ˵Ǹ׷Լʱ߶Զ޶˹ָģƣʾĿ꣨thepoint[viii]߿ͬҳЩǡơͬͬҳЩӳ⡰Ŀꡱͬ[ix]


ҵĿǰΪֹ֤Ȼһ飺˻˵ͬijЩͬҲûͬȷͬ˵ǵ̶ͬȻһȿ۲ͬԭҲʵʵпܲĺ

ȴ۲֣ǰָģ彫ͬ⿴ǴԼֵDZݸһεԭơɣ¶ܻ˵ӦðǿǸļֵʹҪͻʱҲҪͬǡ磬˵DzӦ޶˹˵ġŵ乲ߡΪάƶȶᳫ£һҪ񡰹˵ߡᳫΪǵġԡֻڡƵռȵλвʵ֡

Ϊ֤Ȥģҵǣɣ¶δ⡣˶ʱΪαͬһ´ĵ绤޷һԸΪȡͬϸ˵ᳫͬأƽᳫͬкأ

磬¹оۼͨǿᳫһЩµҪԣǫѷԡԼȨ̬ȡ[x]֧ЩΪǽάƶȣǹijƵҪأģԵĿһԼ۵Ĺһһµġɣ¶ĹȨ֮кβͬǷһЩ£ǵĻ޳ǻ壬ǻƣ

ͬιͬоۼͨǿٽͬҪԣЩͬӵطģУطξһѧУģĿеٷ䵥λĻͬⱣ[xi]ҳЩͬȻάƶȺ;塣ǵõͬҲΪԵĿźͷ۹ҵĽһ¡ɣ¶֮ͬкβͬᳫЩͬᳫЩͬǻ壬ǻƣ

ЩûиϸĻشǾ޷жɣ¶Ĺι۵Ƿڻ˵IJͬڣҪԵƽιۡʵϣҸ޷ҵĸ˵ɣ¶ȷɵͬƽijЩƽͻͬ ǣȴᳫΪһƵ֮һֶάƶ֮;Ĺ񹲺½Ϊۡʵϣɣ¶˾ʹʷ֤һӣDzǷ19ͣΪǵƵĹΪβжһ޶ġʵļֵֻͨţҲͨǨӡڰ˲ſʵ֡һû˻µصϣͳһĹżƻЩмֵĹβʽʧƽ͹ԵʽȡǼһҪʵģһβϵһıмֵʽֻͨضԴӡڰ˲ſʵ֣ѵһֹ˵Ƶƽֲ֤Ǻ ͬ񣬶ԱDzκͿǼЧ;һЩԹҵ湹вЩвԹڣ磬ǷͬߡߡߣԹ⣨磬˹ֲӣ仰˵񣬶ԱDz빲ûΨһ;ǶijּĵսⲢ鹹ӣɣ¶ԼָЩܹ߳dzɹضԱҪһΣաǣֶԱʵʹ˲˵ġɡļ桱ʱô죿ǿ˴˵ĹͬкͼƸУǶIJʱô죿ٴٽ˵ĹΪȨʱô죿˵Ϊһּٴ˵IJʽѹΪָۣô죿 ҲЩ£ɣ¶վһߣΰѹɿΪ۴ٽǰߣ޻˵أԭǶᳫɵơһջͬƶӦø̶ȶǸߵ̶С

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ɴҲ˵ڶƽӰĿܵIJԡ˼ƽӰ֮⣬ǿԽһо壬һΪĹѧĻӰΪ以ŤġΪʶӰ죬ҪŪʵԼʹڲͬĻ ΪĶ߶ȵijֳڹоеشӰ졣ȻȴΪЩصĵطͬdzģӰġˣΪڲͬIJɱҲ˵ƽƫһ֤ʹ֮ܵʶ̬ʽӰŤ ǵʵҲͬߣ磬ȱǹ֧ĿƣȱȫĹҽƷԼԳ۵ķɣ̵ĴڣҪԻѡ˽еǼǣԼʹͬǷķɡҿЩʧܣһɣ¶ҲνЩϵĶԣɣ¶֤˵ijЩУʧɳɵġⲢܽʹ⣬ΪеĴȻΥ׼򣬶ңЩƽ׼ΪϸĹԷdzͬķԴЩġ ΪЩȫͬĶ༴һֽĶص̬ȡ˲ݳɹʧܡĽЩڻ֮ϵˣϲЩһˡ⵱Ȼƽij嶯ȻΪƽΪDzӦڻ֮ϣ෴ӦʵƽȻ

һص̬ȡԴIJΡӾ硣ͬƽͻΪ֮䲻ƽȵĻֻͨشƻ籣ʵ̬֡ȵĽռƵڲ֮ͬ岢DzЩ̬ȵԭ෴ֻͨЩDZڵĻ̬ȺݣЩĻ̬ȱֲڸʽƫͽ׼ƫشθĸĸϰΪǸʴͬУƻŽᣬΪ߶Ȳƽȵνṹ绤 һ£߷Ժ𾪵ؾܾ»ѡĽԲռѡİ[xii]ɣ¶ͨΪ߷ԺΪٽԭõŬˣ߷ԺܾΪȺ»νߣô϶ȺԱݵ⡣ȻҶЩʱԸе߷Ժ⿼ǻʲô׼ԴһʵϣԺ˵Ϊκ壨ũڽ塢񣩵ͶƱӰ»ѡĽߣ˳⡪ȺڹȥѱԸĻѡ֮࣬ڹеĴģԺ˵һΡΪ˰κȺ»ѡߡdzƽȵҪҶЩоʱԸеDZͷԲռƵѡʶսصѡҲԴ˾٣ˣֻýѰһЩΪյIJþǻģΣͲΪĿΪһߣǺǻһռƵѡȻûΥκλԭûĿԵĿԣҲûв۵Ĺҡʵϣһƽ߿Щ԰߶ûƸɵߣģʵDZġӸ˵ԽռƵѡԴһ׷̬ȣаƫͽ׼ƫ

ҿԣڱУֻΪ߷Ժṩдʡ˭ͬǶԲظĻѡһܵĽͣôбҪȥһ߷ԺIJþһǷҲһģʽʵϣΪ߷ԺϡͬߵȨ̥ۡ϶жaffirmativeactionIJþӳͬģʽܳΪڣȴDZΪԣڷɣЩ߻˵ߵĻ̬ȱ绤ҲΪƽȵᡢáƶȱ绤ҿһ󣬵κκܵ˷ĻӰķȻص󵼡 ҵĹ۵㿴ҳ϶һ⺺ɣ¶Ϊƽǵ˲ԭ֮һĹ۵Ե쳣֮֡С¸ܲĺ²Ļ̬Ȳƽ޹أֱ֮ӶһЩӰ죬ӰͨΪԽߵķ̬ȱ绤֮ԿܳΪģΪٷ䣩ΪģΪԵĿԣۣ ˽İ취ȻǸٵƽ壬Ǹࡣ㹻ܹŲƽȵĻӦõDZЩ޷ڻ֮ϵˣƽԭôĿԵ׼иͲκζ谭ǿ乲ͬͬУϵͳġǵطԵĻȫԵġƽЧԼְͨ취䲻 ˣΪûͬɣ¶Ӧù񹲺֤ȡƽ֤Ĺ۵㣬Ҳ漴һ䣬ͬƽ֤ȡеĹ񹲺֤Ϊһ⣬֤ͬڲͬˡЩΪеƵˣܲΪһЩ˲β뿴ƵȿǵĶҲͲΪ֤򶯣ȴΪĿȻַڴܵóͬĽۣôûɷ֤һƽ߿ٽһĸβһ񹲺߿βһĸǻø塣ھ£Щ֤õģûбҪֻеһ֡ ȻΪѧңǿ֪һǡġ۾ݣǷͻʱӦþȵλֻһѧҵ⣬ƽδˣpoliticalagentsͷǺٻġ£۾ȷʵַܳ磬ᳫһڱмֵĶ˵βʽܻӾ˵IJ塣ĻôƽӦþȡǴЩٳֵijͻƶϳƽ빫񹲺ڱǶĽۣDzҪģҲDzǵġ

ġڵĿɳ
ָ˵ɣ¶ƽԭ򣬲˵ΪһԭȱڵĿɳԣȷָˣƽҪijַΧ޵Ĺͬʶij־Ƕ˭ĻƽǷܹάҪĻŽͬʶʾɡ£Ϊƽڱûͬ⣬ԴˣѾ˵ΪʲôԭϷƽǴġĹΪ˴һ⣬ǻءʵҲdzɹһͬУûΥǶڸĻͶ۹ҵķԡ

룬ɣ¶һ۵ǣھõȫ򻯺͹ĻIJ죬ĽҲԽЧ֤˵ҲһЧԪˣҪιͬβʽ

һӵ⣬д쳵ʽĹ˼൱ȱʵĸݡԼĸоǣνͬĻɢؿˣڴˡҿʲôͬҪܵⲿȫ򻯺ڲĻս[xiii]෴ڴȻŶԭĸ߶ͬӦȻDZ֤Ҫ̳[xiv]

⵱ȻһԵ⣬·ȥʧȥΪ֮ͬĵλƽ߽ҪǿιҲƶȣһ״̬ǽͬĹʹЩµƶȿЧһѾʼֳ֣ŷޡ˹Ĵ󲿷ͿǹۣģԵĿԡҵԼƽȵٷƽĻ۵Уκ谭ؽء Σһ㲢δƽ͹񹲺ijͻڹƶȵĴͳ۵㣬ʵּ֮ڵĹ۵㲻Чô߽ҪµʽµٷԼӦµͬʽЩƽ屣ϣʵΪƽ衣ƽȻƶߵı׼ǣӦʲôƶߡںֲõطЩԭⱣֿŵ顣ͬһƽߺ͹񹲺ϿԶӦЯֺһѰٽͲʽĸļƻ ԭΪ19974GeorgetownUniversityٿġIJֻ
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ʱ䣺2002426

ҳΪѧ֮ãӭ͸壬תעҵ;ԭͬ⡣Ȩָ֮岢۵㣬Ը

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[i]еӰСһģɣ¶޶˹ΪҪıˣҾ۽ɣ¶ǿصһµġ

[ii] һɣ¶ʱָģǹƵĹǿĹ۵㲢ܱ֤еĿĶǡѡġ෴ǵĿǴӼͥͬм̳жġ߽ǿиݵػԼĿģԶ۲ܶҲɣ¶ʱָģԵĿԵĹ۵Ҳܱ֤ǵƵĹֻһƫáһ⣬෴ƵĹͨ廯ΪĽɫ͹ϵÿһɫϵеŸԵ񣬻֮һƵĹһƫõĿ¼ͬʱҲһϸĿԵĿԹ۵ǿ˼ƵĹеļֵǿжǵĽɫеǷȻֵȥЧҡ֮һŵĹؼǹƵĹѡĶǼ̳еģҲƫ⣬ǹƵĹԸԽԼӦþܵطչʵԵĿ

[iii] ޶˹ŽҪơ"Social Unity and Primary Goods"弰䳬ԽUtilitarianism and BeyondǡɭAmartya Sen ɵ¡ķ˹Bernard Williams ࣨŴѧ磬1982172ҳ

[iv] ԭΪor between aversion to risk󣬸ˡע

[v] žڵϵ߼Dz໥Ƶģlogically entailed by each other磬۵ĹҿȻشԵĿµļٶǺģ֤ÿ˶ӵƽȶЧԵ˼Ŀĵ;ǣұٷϿɣ϶һЩģʽһЩ壩ʽȻⲢ߼ϵϸ޶Щ߾ͬԵĿԶܾ۵Ĺңȣ [vi] ȻĹҲֵ͵Ŀġ磺еİ壨uncritical patriotismΪ־Ըᳫͬ

[vii] ޶˹ȨƵĹ"The Priority of Right and Ideas of the Good"ѧ빫񡷣Philosophy and Public Affairs17/419882723ҳɣ¶޶˹ȤǣδἰƪⱾеֱ֤ӹϵ¡

[viii] ͬϣ252ҳ

[ix] ɣ¶ܻش˵ᳫijЩͬϸصͬᳫƵĹ߷ԺߵȻǰߡ巴۹ҵԭΪģܵ³ͻô˵ȷġǣⲢҪķɣΪɣ¶ָģرһҲ飬ִı׼ı׼ͬ飬ˣƽ߼޷ʹС෴߷۹ҵҪΪһֶԸֵв۹ȷرΪ谭ԵĿԣŤ˶ԴĹƽ䡣γɶյǣᳫĹȨͬԴٽ谭Щֵ

[x] μSpinnerCallanGutmannMacedo۹ȨοĿ۲μ׾ģȨ"Education for Citizenship"еĽEducation in MoralityTerence McLaughlin Mark Halstead (Routledge)

[xi] μɶԪĻߣգDavid MillerԼɪģJoseph RazY.׶Yael TamirԼ߱˵

[xii] Shaw v Reno 113 S.Ct. 2816 (1993)

[xiii] Щ˴ġסСӵԼԵĶҡôʱеԱ⣬ʵΪǡǡ֤˹ĴڣΪЩȷؽԼżȻǷԸأϲһϴĹġ塱ǶԽϴҵɣΪڵǰͬģǡǡΪϴûжǵ塣μ׾ԪĻĹݡMulticultural Citizenshipţѧ磬1995

[xiv] һ㣬μ׾ģչȫ򡱣Prospects for Citizenship: Domestic and Globalȫ/ϢʱҡThe Nation-State in a Global/Information EraThomas Courchene (John Deutsch Institute for the Study of Economic Policy, Queen's University,1997) 31525ҳ