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et revelabitur quasi aqua iudicium et iustitia quasi torrens fortis

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ҪҪ̽˹еԼйڶԼɪεѧ˵߶ԹġӲ˲ͬڹͣΪӲһԶԵĸ֪ҪݾۡͬһԴȿԱΪֿԱΪӲڹѧķ벻Ӧö̬˼άӲݽ̶ܳȵIJͬɷΪӲЭӲķɴӺԡԡǶ֡ڵǰα£йҪڡйģʽ塢⽻С

߼顿֣꣬ӢŵѧйоڡоΣųڣӢŵѧѧʹϵѧԺʿо

""һѳΪйý塢Ȧڡѧ۵һҪѧԼɪsoftpow2er Խ2003ս⽻ڹľԼȫ½緶ΧڷζԲʲ⽻Բʲľ壬ΪУ١йڶ"soft power"ķ"""ʵ""Ȩ"ȡͳһ""뷨ԸôʵҲ뷨ۡҪڲӣҪѧɵsmart powerӲhard powerʵ⽻Ŀꡣ

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ȶѧ˵йѧ緢չһҪ˵ȻεIJѧ֮һЩۡԼɪεѧ˵Ҫ2004ġεijɹ֮SoftPower TheMeans to Success inWorld Poli2tics һСĶ۵ҲҪԸݡڴ˻϶ԹӲϵһ̬ڹͣҪǰйɡ

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һȤǣһЩѧľߵĸѧ˵ڴȱݣûѧõ㷺עӦáһЩչйңЩȴѸٴӰԶйҲ⡣ЩѶ͢ٵ"ͻ"ͽԼɪε""ԵӡѧƳ磬ýijεѾйӦ㣬ڸ桢ûдһµʶýҵѧġĵ۽йѧӦúͷչ

ѧӧйѧһ൱ȫܽᣬڸϣйѧʹõεĸҪԹʹϵйѧ߶۰⽻ߺ͹ݡ⣬ιҪĻģʽϣйѧ߹йڴͳĻ;÷չģʽϣ漰ṫƽθĸˮ׼ܵݡңڹߵӰйƺͬʱεһЩУ磬ûнζԼ뵱ȻΪ"""ӰڹʹϵΪ"֮ϵϵľޣε޷йƶӺйʵӰļƻṩһָ١HongyingWang"Chinese Concep tion of SoftPower and Its Policy Imp lications"inWang Gungwu and Zheng Yongnianeds.China in theN ew International O rderLondon Routledgeforthcoming.Ŀǰйѧ̶ֺܴ̽ǽεڡ磬ľϢʱȨءִʹϵ20048ڣ6162ҳۣ"ʵ"ۡءϢ20043ڣ2528ҳ±󣺡"Ȩ"˵뷢չءִѧѧѧ20044ڣ5562ҳΤѣȨȨ󡷣ءʹ۲졷20055ڣ3945ҳл꣺ȨеĹ졷ءǰء200419ڣ1921ҳФսʵ½ʾءо20063ڣ148156ҳ߽εĸںϼԱйۡ磬ܣйļ⡷ϺѧԺ羭оԺࣺϵйʱ³磬2006棬101115ҳйҪءԴϺѧԺ羭оԺࣺϵй116133ҳ޺죺"й"ר̸ϺѧԺ羭оԺࣺϵй134140ҳӢйںءtܿ2005117գ62ҳӢչйءtܿ200612գ63ҳȨйƽ𡷣ء̫ƽѧ200512ڣ5563ҳݣȨʵҹƽսԵáء̫ƽѧ200512ڣ6471ҳƼȨʵ;ءɽѧ20065ڣ9094ҳԳйʵ·ءִ20061ڣ1520ҳԳȻйʵءʵǡ20056ڣ8993ҳХʵй⽻ءѧԺѧ20052ڣ3033ҳ˺ܶڻϮεģʽͬʱҲⲻ䲻֮

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εȷĹѧߡ

ʶ""ҪԵĵһѧߡʵϣһȽϵͳûʹ˼ѧ߰ᡣڸΪʶ̬Ļڶʱνп󣬸ʶʱȨЧͳι߲װӺ;ӲռȨλȨλʶ̬Ļ۵ڹеãѴչΡʽʹĸЧõ۲ûг١

кǿҵԣ⽻ٵ⣬עʹǿڹеҪԡѧǶȿĸͷȷ棬ε۴Ų⡣

һεì֮һ棬ӲӸ˼򵥵"һ"ʽĻ֣ӲһǿҪΪº;ãһҪΪĻֵۺߡһ棬ڹεʵָ"""Ӳ"֮໥ϵ໥ǿʡáµӲԴͬ"һú;ʵ½ܿܵ¸ùʧȥƶ̵͸ù".۲쵽һЩҺܱܿһЩҵӲ粻սʤ١JosephS.NyeJ r.The Paradox of American PowerWhy the World'sOnly SuperpowerCan'tGo it alone Oxford OxfordUniversity Press 2002pp.8-10.ԣ"ӲʱԾһ".ڡJoseph S.Nye J r.Soft Power The Means to Success in World Politics p.26.

ͬԴԴǿΪģʽۡJoseph S.Nye J r.Soft Power The Means to Success in World Politics pp.3-9.

仰˵ͬһʱΪ""ʱΪ"Ӳ"ȷǹεʵǣζһʵʶȻԼ"""Ӳ"ڶϵIJìܡʹ¡ι"Ӳ"ҪأҲԱֳ""һ棬βûϰìܽ

оٵһЩ""ݣЪƻѧ߽йʽȣʵ"Ӳ"֧šûսǿľú;ʵѳЪƻ˻˵Щ"Ӳ"֮ϵĹ"".߶޷ִУ֣Щߵִл"Ӳ".ԣεۣܶν""ͬʱ"Ӳ".ڶ߹ϵȱϵ˵ʹѧ˵˵Ϊ⡣

ңνͬߺΪʽҲ"һ"ʽĻ֡ѾΪѡΪв⽻coercive dip lomacyսˣΪԮ¸ƲãΪ⽻˫ߺͶ⽻ܡJoseph S.Nye J r.Soft Power The Means to Success in WorldPoliticsp.31.ǣв⽻ˡԮƲõʵ϶˫ߺͶ⽻ķڵġڶ廮ֵIJɱ໥صìҲӳ˹һԴȿ""ֿ"Ӳ"ʵ

ڶεʵ֮磬ָʱҪӲҲԴﵽĿġһЩҳijļֵۣЧ¸ù壬ʵָùķٺͿţôùͨЩҶ׷ӶﵽԼеĿġݡJoseph S.Nye J r.Soft Power The Meansto Success in World Politicsp.5.۵˵ĺģڹεʵС磬ϺܶҺĽɣʵĸǿⲢЩҺ׷⽻ߡֵۺ;÷ٵͬʱԷ⽻ߡμ򵥵Ϊһֵ۵ϲԶתΪԸù⽻ߵ֧֡߼ǿҵɫʣʵǺϡ

ζִѧǿĿѧԣûжԹеѧĹ涨һ½оһЩ

ʱнķ󻯵ƣѺܶԹκ͹ΪӰ΢Ķȥˡ磬ڽԴʱоࡢӰܻӭߵȽŵԼĻȡڽŷʱŵ֡鿯⾭Ԯ˾˿ڵԤȡڽʱǿÿٷչйΪľ壬ֵߵŸٷֵȡָձԴDZĹҡоձרзˮƽԮ˾˾ȡйλгˡԻҦȡޡJoseph S.Nye J r.Soft PowerThe Means to Success in World Politics pp.33-89.߼Щ嵥Լ޵ȥҲмӲһ嵥ǶԹκ͹ΪҪõءȻʵйϲ֣йͻ⽻ߡͬϲйӰҲζĶԻ߻ʲô仯ʹεĸѿѧطȨҵĹΪ

ν֡͡ӰĻ롣֡źӰͣǸߺ""ںŽʾСսУȫŷ޵˹ĻѬյбĴģս˶һӡЩ˶ӰڹԴս̬ȣҲʹþΨհӢȹһȨ˳ľӢҲܹѹòӶʹս"ѩϼ˪".ɼĻһν""սشûаʵĿꡣ

ڶĻϲòܴʹijȡһεĽǣĻڣֱӿ£ԲDzҪĽ١Joseph S.Nye J r.Soft Power The Means to Success in World Politicsp.52.ⲻܷЩʹ񾭼ƲúֱܹӿƵΪҲһܴﵽĿġԭǣĻ""һڸȤԹеĹΪûкܴӰ졣 .

˵ףεΪֹȨңȨƶ⽻ʱǵҪءձйŴĻӰ죬йĻһЩҵĹ㷺ҲζЩҵ⽻߻Զ׷һ潫ķ󣬳оķΧһȴͼ͹⣬ԺѾ˵

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ûоԵӲϵضij"һ"ʽĹͻ֡ҪӲϸµıԲö̬ķ .

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Ӳ̶ȵ仯

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һ塢⽻

սΨһİȨԵȨ¾ԵĸܡûκڵԼʼڹзе塣׿ϹսƳ"ȨȨ"۵һһ¼ĵƵ˶塣ʲ׿Ϲ֯˴ͳѵķԣæƴ"־Ը"ˡ±ִ⽻߲ƶ"ȷ"ľսԡ .

ӲҶȨĻ񡣶ͬʱй"躹"IJԡ

йõ̬⽻߲ûзйӰһ棬йܶѾ߶ִϵһ棬йᳫ塢⽻ߣչʺԼ .

й˶壬ԽԽΪijߺƶߡ-й"10+1"-պ"10+3"Ϻ̸֯ȶdzɹӡйչ⽻й쵼˵Ĵ⽻Ծ⽻ΪĵĶѾ߳ޣ˰ޡŷ˺ڵйľʵΪṩ˻Ͷ .

⣬йҪ棺һйνڹľסڸӵʷԭйͬڹסڸĸ↑ųڣСƽ"顢ͬ"ģʽ죬йѾͬ˹Խϵ½⣬ͬɳȺɳȺȨɡϺΪ׼򡷣Ϊһ׵춨˻йǷڹչɹйⷽ"ڡڡ"ߡ""""Ƕ""IJʵʻܱһЩҶйĹǣйģʽйԢйĶ;⽻СΪṩһƶȺͻϵıϣ⽻ʵ""""ķʽ .

йͬľóϵ˳ķչйõѾΪܱһЩҾҪ

"йģʽ""ʶ"

"йģʽ"йһҪɲ֡ǰܶ˽ν"ʶ"Ϊһ̸ʹòܱΪӲԴǡĬ2004"ʶthe Beijing consensus"ĸ١μJoshua Cooper RamoThe B eijing Consensus London TheForeign Policy Centre 2004.ýԴ˲ϳⷢӣѧҲΪν"ʶ"ȡ"ʢٹʶ"侺"ʶ"йһ֡

"ʶ"ǷйʶʲôĹʶЩ˵дڹʶǺйķչд"ʯͷ"׶ΣŸĸľ޴սʹ"йģʽ"ҲֻһΣ಻ȷԣ˵γ"ʶ"ˡʵϣйչҪľʵǣκν"ʶ"ָĸĸԺ˵ν"ʶ".

Ҫǣ"ʶ"ͬ"йģʽ".Ȼ߶ܽйķչ飬һڹεıУںϾбϵˡ"йģʽ"ֻܽͽйĸ↑ŵijɹ飬"ʶ"ͲܽᾭˣŨصйζԺܶѧߺԱ̸"ʶ"Կ"ʢٹʶ"Beijingconsensus vs.Washington consensusһЩ֯ʹøֶʹһЩչйұ"ʢٹʶ"Ϊķչģʽ .

ˣ"ʶ"ᷨҲƵƲȡ

ձŷһЩҿ˵dzɹģһѳɹΪν"ʶ"ֶǿƹ㣬ǾǰԵˣԭֳӲһЩչйҷΪ׵еķչģʽܽٵ⣬˺ȻҪѰ·Ƿйǿȶ÷չȾֵýǵܷѧϰйľ飬ѧϰЩ飬Լ飬ĸкġ .

йҲһŸȨԼķչʽ

"йģʽ"ԣԿйһ֡һν"ʶ"ƹ㣬ǾͻֳӲйľ鲻ȫڱĹҡйãȻѧйֳˡ֮ййģʽǾͺܿתΪһӲйδܺʹν"ʶ"һ˵йٵⲢǰеľ"ʶ"ĸ߶ȣηչ"йģʽ"ʵֿɳչ



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ijӲһԶԵĸ֪ν"""Ӳ"ûоԵĽޣܶӸϽлеǩ"һ"ʽĻ֡һЩ¿໥תij"""Ӳ"ҪݾۡͬһԴȿֿӲ⣬ڹѧķ벻 .

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