ΩԸƽˮʹ罭ϣ
et revelabitur quasi aqua iudicium et iustitia quasi torrens fortis



ѧѧת
͡
תй
1ɺȫɶҪǻ

2005Ϲ̿ġѧաйĴǡѧ빫ߡһ漰ѧѧƵۺ⣬ر漰ѧѧѧĻѧΡĻǹڹ⡣ѧĵĶҪ⣬ҪⶼǾй⡣

Ҫ⡱롰⡱ѧĵ·ѡйϵӦ˵Ҫʹⶼѧּ˼άıѡΪⶼǸ߻⣬Ҳκ֪ʶܽ⣬˲òѧȥ˼֪ʶٿ⣺1κһ֪ʶ֪ʶ޵ġӶָģ˶֪ʶ֪δ磻2κ֪ʶѧ߼֪ʶ֤ijЩѧ衣ˣ˼岿Ȼ֪ʶ˼ĵȴǻۡǻԶ֪ʶĻǻľЩרѧġҪ⡱͡⡱

Ǽ˵ռ⣬ϣܹͨöԸһӽͼֹռռŬζѧѧֵģζѧд鹹α⣬⡣һЩԵʣ͵硰/ڡisֻԳеһܹϵһԵĿ⣬γѧ鹹һЩǹĿԸǽ˼зҪȷģ硰Ȼԡͻᱻϸ壨߼ѧѧĶ壩ЩҪϸ壬ֻҪضϷлض龰нʱԼ硰ʡν׼𰸶ֻҪԼӽȽϳѧ۹⿴ࡰ⡱ǻʵ/ϷʵС⡱problematicѧ⣬ˣЩȴҪνҪǶҪģϣҪԾԣImportance is the relevance

ѧĵδ˼⣬ȴһҪ⡣ԸѧѡΪѧѡThe fundamentalism of philosophy·޿ѡôͲҪǻۣ˵ûɾͲҪǻۣΪûɣǻ۾֮أûʲôҲûʲôֵģȻɣҪѡҪѡɣҪ֪Ϊʲôѡͱѡ񡰸á򡰸ȷĴ޷ڣѡ飬ѡΪ飬ԡɡͳƹص˾ȥѰܹ϶ijѡͬʱѡɾѰҷijЩɵɣֻҪȥijɣҪǻۣȻƵɣôʲôͶͬǶԵˣˣȫҲҪǻۣȻԣͶνֻҪɺȫɶҪǻֻۣ֪еӵɲͬʱҪȥʱҪǻۡҪⶼΪѡʲôҲѡʲôѡһֿµ˼սΪʵû֪ҪʲôҲû֪ʲôǺõĻʲôǴġǺ˵ֻú˵ 2Ȼ֪ʶ˵֪ʶ

֪ʲôΪˡʲôϣأҪ֪ʶһʼͶͼ֪ĵԱܹȷѡֻϣšȥ֪ȥ͹۵ءtheoriaйҪȥŵϣ˺й˶ţĵʤеĺ˵ܹҪĺո׺Ͱͼͼͨ߼۱־ϸĸ⣬ʵʣԼʺϷƵƶȣ񣩡ͬŬ֪ʶͣȻ֪ʶ˵֪ʶKnowledge of necessity and knowledge of fortuneڽ죬ѾֱȻ֪ʶȻɿ֪ʶȴ֪ܵʶǸDz⣬άظ˹ָ̹ģʹ˿ѧ֪ʶҲȻûд⡣

׷Ȼ֪ʶ׷ڿ͹۹ɵĿ͹֪ʶģʽֻʺȻѧ߼ȴǡ֪ʶĺѧԶԶǿ͹ͷǰֵ۵Ľͣ˵֪ʶͲǿ͹֪ʶۻ֪ʶInteractive knowledge֪ʶĶˣ˲ݡ˵֪ʶصIJԺжҸ˵֮ҲŲϱ仯Ļϵˣ˵֪ʶǿ͹۵ģضDzԵġйŴѧǺܿܶԴһµֱۣʶ˵ϵ֪ʶĸ⣬֪ʶԳǰᣬˣйѧҶ/⿴Ҫѧ⡣ϣѧͬ/⣬ȴҪ֪ʶܹתΪ֪ʶǵ֪ʶϵǹؼԱͨԱ۶Ӹзֱ޿ɵ

Զձ֪ʶ۵ΰ롣˵еձģԵĹʽձģԵʽձȻģˣԶձӦȻġǣϵǣʵܱ֤ҵDzҵ㹻ʵɿֻԵұ߼ѧʽǶıձԴﲻձһʵ˲ϵȴʵȻڻۡϣ۵ӵάظ˹̹۵֤һֱѧ֤Ϊ֤ԵԾ˲һܹԽ硱ġ硱ܿ¡ѧڷԵDZ̾Ŭһֱûа취֤ձԵձѧ⻹DzòصDzòﰴзʽȥ⡣ 3ι˧

עǸ硣ʵ1вͬвͬңʹйͬȻвͬ2ŸңʹҵijЩҲܿ˷ķ磬˵ʹڣҲʧЧģΪϲԼϲЩԼһܣҽIJȻı̫ǿˣӺıǣͬһ⣬ŶֲͬìܵȽϺıͬ˵ûбȻˣȻֻȥʵˣĽֻһεĽǵĸж֮ijͻ;ҪεĽˣضǸ磬˵ȥжͱضˣ˵Ļ״

ڲĵطʧȥĵطξͱضΪ⡣⵱Ȼζţܹ˵㣬ͲҪΣġѧ⣬˶ȥıƷԱ˷ijͻȥѰij͵ǿƼͨ飨ʣ߿»ԭ򣨾Լά˹ǿʶ棩ȵȡЩȻ˵һɻɡпܳΪһ硣Ҫ֮һϾ޷Ϊ⡣ѧʧǣѧоƼ˶ֺܿõʽܹﵽͬҸķֻõǵĿͷ֧֣ȴٳΪʵѡڣЩͬҸңɼijԶ棬Ȳǰ棬ǰбȽϴìܣһ˵ѧĹͬҸкܴijͻˣִ£ijԶԵвεĵǰԡ

ӱǣѧϡõġֵܿѣִԽѣִֵ۵ңһ͵ӾǡƽȡļֵǵƽͬʱһҪס׷ĸֶʺƽȣDzƸȨȨ˵ȵȣΪƽȻ𺦹¼ֵ׼ıҲ˵ٷȨȨDZƽȵġȨƽû壬һͬ⣬ż֧֣ⲻۣǣȨƽȴûʡ

ƽȡһ̫ĸͨ˼ҲͲȥ˼IJԹִֵۻԽԽȱιʶԽԽʧȥĻԽƷʺԵԣ࣬ЩƽɵĽȨƽ̺߼ÿԼ塢֯漯źĻͬ嶼ȨѡҼԼļֵۡĻʽжϱ׼ԼĪƫãЩۼֵͱ׼αʹҲַ͵˵ǡβȷǣƽ̺Ļͼֵûб׼ƷᵼṲʶѷ˼ϵĻ಻Լ޷Իľأ󽫵¹ijʧ򡣺ʣƽijЩͬҲijЩɸƽȺǷԹɵġûʲôֵ޽ƵձƹɻĽ޽ƵƽȣôִĴײͲڡΪʲôִ˸ԴҪؾΪƽȵá

ִԱҪΪִΰһֻȥʰ̯ӣҪ˧ѧڽҪΪѧͻͬʱҲԾIJ֣ڳΪѧϵеġһѧһ仯ԳΪѧѧתѧĺɡ硱ת֪ʶɡ֪ʶתԡ֪ʶתᡱУݲͬĽǶȣѧתѧתͬأܸΪϾѧΪͻתϵһѧ仯̣硱˵ôתо硱֪ʶ֪ʶֻңͱ֪ʶԣ֡/֪ʶ/ԡϵеվûܹ⣬ͻӹġתġ硣

ע⵽Ź㷺Ӱ۶ʶǿģʩصĵֺۣͺҮ˶ԻɺרƵµ֪ʶ/Ȩ͢ٹͻɽʷսᣬ¹ڶѧ˹˹ĹŽ֮޶˹Ĺۣ˹̹ϵۣغڸµ۹ۣȵȡӵӰЩڹڻȥ˵ȨչɡƽȡᡢԪᡢĻݵȵȣһЩԳƴڡԵʵѾΪһȨĹŮȨ塢ﱣȵȣ͸ӿԿⶼѾλˡ˵ֵ֮֮⡣ ѧڽѧת򲢷żȻγɣԿִԵıȻǷ˴ͳƶȣͱضһִƶȵ⣬ո塢˼˼嶼ִƶ˼ȴŸιڴͳȨȨϵͳȻγɵģ֤Ǹ̵⣬ͳȻԣûгΪһеʵ⡣ִᣬȻҪƶȣۺʵͬʱΪ⡣ͳμű֤µʵƶȵԡ°ȨϵԽԼĺԣϣͳμҲҪ֤--СθԼηԡͳκͷͳε˶УδⶼʾʵǵҲûִܹ֤ƶȵĺϷԺͺԣµѾִ˼ϵĽͺͽӻ˹ˡ¬󡢿¡ա˼ʩءë󶫡ʵءҮˡ֡¡޶˹˹ȵȣЩִѧҷ˳ĸιڽ죬ȫʹDzòһ˼¸⣬ѧٸΪ˼ս 4εĻʵͻ

ǸȨϷһ˵ξ桢ȨȨĽ綨ͷ䣬ѧǹ桢ȨȨĽ綨ͷ֤֤ҪԵΪݣѧͬʱ漰ѧ򵥵˵ѧһϵйڸƶȰŵġԡjustification⡣ε죬йѧ緢⣬Ϊ͡еĸҪͳεʵ㡰֮͡ι֮κϷѧĻһֱȻǻ⣬ѧоҪö࣬Ӧ˵ִų첢ҳΪ⡣

ѧһعǷˡȨrightsһҪķ֣Ȩ˼DzŷȨpowerƶȰš֮ǰҪԿȨֻʹȨ˵ǰִϷҪ򵥵ö࣬ҪģʽǡȨʱͨȷ綨Ȩر˽вƲȨȨҸ跨ɳϣЧγɶȨơִνؼͱȨȨǣȨܿ;ǷȨͬȨȨȻĻˡȻɺҪԴҲ޵ģ˾ͱضҪѡȨࡢԼ޶ãDzòЩɺԳΪձȨȡᣬͳ֡ҪͲҪЩȨȨȡ׼֤˭׼α֤Ȩʵȵ⣬Щ޷ȨķΧڱֻȨбǣջȨھѡʵͱЩȨִһǣ涨ŵ̫Ȩȴ޷ʵһʹִαһԡʵϣȨЩȨĻضͬġȨĻҲҪǡ˭Եõʲô桱˭˵㡱ЩξǷɡʽ⡣˵ȨûܹȫȨȷʵij̶ֳȨãֻԶԶ

Ȩ룬Ϸɡ˫򻥶ϵչΪȨ---Ȩ---ȨѭϵԽΪʲôڵͳμŶͳμŵηزȨΪķDZ񲻷ӡڲкýȣСýΡһʽȽϸӶΣգΪýһȨһ͵Ȩý׼Ȩ֮Ȩ֮¶αα֮ȻζšģʽĹʱֻҪȨܳԽȨȻҲηڹУȻ״̬ôѹȵĹڷ۹ʱֻ

۽һѧĺ壬֪ʶȨùϵķ֣ⶼηҲͰ鶼еĶȻ֪ʶܹΪijȨṩϷɣȨҲܹΪij֪ʶȨԭ򣬶ң֪ʶȨлóɹ֪ʶΪһֿȨһֶ֪ʶȨͬʱǶȨ֪ʶ͡һ֤ṹͨԿ壬ֿͨԿ顣ƺʾ˵֪ʶȨͬǸձģʽ˵˶Ϊ񾭲ͻ˶Ϊ񾭲ܻijЩڲͬ˱Ϊ񾭲˵Dzµģͻ˵ɲµģ֮࣬ʲôˡDzܵģܹѡֻdz˷ʽ˭ԡصһʹѧΪۡѧҪĵIJġΡһҪоͳεġΡʵһѧĿӦøع鹦˼ë󶫣ʶ̬Ķۺ͡ĸѾָ˾εĻ⣬Ļͬ衰·籩ѾΪθĻĵͰ

ζΪһȨIJϷ˹Եϵ֮⣬һϵеѧ⣬ſ˵ǹβĵĴԼĹɵ⡣͵Ϸdz֤ͬҪĻݻһЩ¼ֵΪνϡձƻڹƣ޴֤һжƶȰġġɡǼҲġеµϣѧѧأһ棬оβĵľʤԭ͹ɣôͿԼǵµǷϵ£DzѵؼڣЩӽѧ˼ʽ׼ȷ˵Dz۵˼ʽӡӡάԼȺִۣĹۺͲۣҪӡᡱĽǶоѧ⡣Ѿ֤һdzЧձ鷽ۣھѧѧѧеӦöжƣѾΪһѧ뿼ǵķģʽ޶˹ò۷ˡ֪֮Ļǵѡ񣬲޶˹ķЩܴ֮ijЩʧڴ˲ۣ

ѧȻҪǹʵоҲζѧ⣬һֿԳζѧĹʵ⣬漰λľʡʩط˳Խˡá¡ɵġ ԵѹϵιϵʵʣεǵˣΪߣͬ켺dzˣǣ˵ĴھȻˣΪǡһִڱʣһ֡һ˱ʡ˼򵥣ֻ޷ıԣothernessΪ򵥣նȻǾʶ˵ʶṹܹijЩ˿ǵˣܹijЩȥߣʶһ֪ʶʩضεѵǹ֮һرǿֵʶ˽˶Թ޹أԵ˲ҪκżȻĻ龰ԳޣζѧϾͱע˵ģ˵ݡ/һʽע˵ġʩسЦ岻⣬Ϊ֪ͨʶۺ;ѧͿԻرܵ⣬˵ھѧϰѵתɾ֣֪ʶϰѵת۶֡޼£Ϊ޷ǡС(hostis)ǡ˽С(inimicus)˽˽˽ֻǡˡdz㺬壬ԭĹвǡˡ㺬塣ʩػһţû˵ˣҲûˣôӾ͹û壬ʣһЩӵġ֡ҵ ʩصġˡѧԱȽϳɹؽγͻԶԻһ̶صԭ򡣵һƺҪʺڽԼδͳʶȴٲʺйδͳй˼żȫ෴ʶӸ˵˲һĹ̶ʵ壬һҪ龰ʵԣΪѲԭ⡪̫ף⣬ΪҪ𰸣вŹһҪ⡣йѧָһΡȤǣҲһΪѺѧthe politics of friendship⣨֪ǷܵйѧԼΪǴʿ¹лõ˼ʿµȻҲ漰⣬Ҫѧ˼Ƚϼ򵥣Ȼֿ϶ĺôȴûзչСۣûлۣͲΪһԭۡͬû뵽С⣬ֻǷʩʽĵʶƼˡ޵ˡѺüٶˣȻеʩ෴һ˼·ȴûܹ⡣ Լѧһܷչ¿ռ䡣ĿǰΪֹеѧѧΪѧֻԹΪλĹѧԼڹѧĹѧûзչΪλѧȫ˶ͺһ۵ľδγصκȻбҪδѣйͳѧʾDZرǡ¡һ̺޴ۿռⷽ棬Բμҵġϵۣǰ¸سһµѧijԣͼηܣҽһܹɸµιϵϵۡĻιϵƶȵձ鴫ԣȵ⡣ڴ˲ ִѧѧ(2)2006