ΩԸƽˮʹ罭ϣ
et revelabitur quasi aqua iudicium et iustitia quasi torrens fortis







͡

Σŷκй

1 ѧ

մͳ裬ѧͨҪоʵڣrealityʵڣҲǸֵоĿ磬ҲɺӣΪ˲ʵڿ£ͬʱҲǰµģ¡һʵ˵ʵĶdzΪʵһɲ֡˵ʵ֮ʵIJʵ֣˻ʵ֤˵һʺϱ˵ĴҪĻǹڡdoingǡڡbeingΪ˵ھ£to be is to doڡķͳΪһdzҪں̶ܴϾһ˵һһҽΪʲôġ

аκȻΡǹΣҲ룬ѧѧѧȤ飻Ȼ޷ƵĺͿΣѧĿ⡣ѧرȤֲɸҲɸ漺ʶ˵Źľ޴ܣһ˵ҪԼܱضһ˵ȱݡ˵ε޵͸¶ȱ飬ȫֱͬ˵ö֮˻룬׷硣θ֪ʹ࣬Ҹǿ԰κ뵱ɷҪֲȱᵼαΪѧ⣻ܵĸı䣬ڱ⡣ ÿ˶Լ룬׼۵ǹļ롣롢аƶƾ룬˵붼Եġں£ƺٰͣʷº/£֯һһdzӵ⣬ָԲΪǹƶȵ󡪡һ磬仹ͬʱǴʵоʵӰһ⡣ǶijʵIJϿɣIJǡġǡġͬʱҲζš粻ӦġͳΪһΪι滮ijʵԵġ

ҪĺȻҪġδǿܵģDzܵģǵʱ̫ݣȱʵСϲȱʵУǴģΪеĺʵģԾʵһıǵΪǷʵ룬صϲĽΪӰʵΪʵһ֣ʵķ򣬿˵ʵ֮ơ˵һ㹻ãôԽ˿ȻʵֲˣΪļֵۺγһʵ仯֮ƣͬʱʵһ׼ˣ뱾Ȼģʵģ֤ˡΪΪʵҲеģεķʽʵδ½ʷı׼ʷδдڽ죬ʵѾͻƴͳϵʵڣʵ粻ٽָʵ磬һ硣ٵĶһʵʵδ

ɰ뿴һҪѧ⣬һѧ⣬Ծо޴ΪܹѸֱεεģ֡һоΡԡ磬¹֪ۡۡʶϰߡѧƫá⡢⡢Ůϵ⣬Զ⣬ֻǸָƫãһǴŸ룬ͻһĿ꣬ǵ뱻ɻֺ//Ƚ/ȵһеı׼ͿԿֵּ׼α׼þ˵ʩعξֵѵķʽdzã⣬ѲһDzͬضȺҲʵ롣뷴ʵ͹˵ѹϵζһ/ڷһ/ᡣ

Ϊضιϵӻ֮ųΪܵģ˵ηչ׽ṹǸ⡣׽ṹʾξ˶κϷԵ֤ṹȻ״̬£ķ䷽ʽΪʵȨֱӾģǿ߾ΣDzҪ֤ΣֻоԵʵʵǻǣ쵽ӵжԪļֵۺ͸ʽı쵼λļֵۺҪ֤ͳεκϷԣԱþ˳ĵλʱξ;͵Ȩ֧֧侫ľȨⲻγȨ˫ؽṹڽиͨױ˵ӲγεĶ׽ṹκϷԱһ⣬񲻽ҪΪ绤һҪΪ绤ΪĴԱᾫȨȻǾصġ򵥵˵֮ųΪ⣬ֻܷ룬벻ò绤 ȻDZԣĻ⣬Ͼͻᱻ廯һϵ⣬ھ廯бòôһĹ˼ģôΪ˭׼ΣΪijЩ˻ˣԵǷͬʱ˺Ƿ񹩵һdz룿һijģôǷڱͬʱǷģӦʣijܹʵ֣ôṩ˼ĿԶȥЩȻأȴ׵⣬رܣΪʱDzҲԸƵ⡣ ȫ򻯵ʱ֮ûһЩΪսˣ෴ƺֿʼһֵĹ˼ͱȽϡƺԲˣЩʱڿʼѿʱ飨߶ʷʱͼﵽȫŵĹ壩ȫ򻯱µʵĹϵ̻Ի͵Ȼ嵫Ȼǿ󣬲ΪӪŷηδǰ;δĥǧйӦǰ;Զȴδ͡ 2 Լ

ӰƬƬжľͷЩŷ޻طܳ׼ĸɫ˵ȣڴڿŮó˫ǻȸԾٱ󼫾ԣرܹӳһôhighΣҺǸ֮Σ˱䷳һá󻯵ĸɡȽʽḻƽȵijɹġΡں̶ܴȫ繲ͬΣѾʼɫٳĿǰȻӰΣں뵽Լλ߱ʲô ( RifkinڡŷΡһ˵ʹˣҳ֪ΣûʲôΣҲ֪ԼΣΪDz顣μThe European Dream, Tarcher/Penguin, USA, 2004.p.7.)ó˫֮»αó˫һȻߴ󣬵ȱ㡣

ο޷Ϊ˶ֶȺɵģĺξһԸdzӶһЩ仯ˡƬ浫Եǿܵġǣһֱǡر͵ġأԼҲҲһԸѡ濴飬濴ʶĿȴܹʾʲôĿγɶջ

һĻƶҪ⣬Ҫܵĵˡdzá˵Ҹںŵĸʽôƺ˵ɡȥǮȻ˵ҲӹףȽ֣ص˵߱Ƚϼݵġ硱ᡱԼϵġɹ͡ʤ¸׵Ҳ̫ʵѧǶȿεľԭ塢塢ƽ塢ʵ塢壬˵˶ܹͨԼŬø˳ɹ

ξͱٶΪʵָ롣οǡܹʵ롱ΣôǸ֮Σa never-dream˵˵λõthe never-landһֻǸѧȻֻҪָԭξͲǸձЧ룬Ϊһռÿ˶óɹ˳ɹвܵܵ顣ˣ߼˵ԶֻǡijЩˡζǡˡΣζijЩ˵ǺΣͬʱijЩ˾ǶΡǣεһ˵ɾԼΡɴ˿Ϊʲôչ˼ϸķɣֻмϸķɲܰɵȫһ򾡣ȫڸϷУܶ塰ƽġɾƽfairڹjusticeƽֻö˵Ϸʽ֤ǸƽϷDzһϷΪҪһϷݷ

ҲбҪᵽһ⡣Ĭϵذѱɺ͹ƽ򼸺ǹᰵһɵۣһڳͬƽϷ뱻غͳϣǼȲֲϹƽǣһͬʵسϸڳͬõϷôͶ޷УұضڳͻƻɡʵϣǴͻĸԴˣɲԱһĵһֻһЩϡijЩĿԼµضɡιֿ硱ĺô;ԣͲԹʵòвһһ˷չǶĿ꣬رԱΪĹڽŹ󻯵ʶ

ؿ϶˸ɺ͸˳ɹǣһзɵ»˾ͶǵжԷͬĻǶɵDZвνвȫDz׽Ӱе߶ضΪĵˣˡδ̫ˣǵˣȫľԱɵĵˡεһ̹ǵʶ˱̬طչӲľԱչҲ˾ʧȥĿȤսƻƬԿǵ͵ϡƻǿʹġһҪȫǷǣܹرǿҵͿ־弴Ҫġ͡Ҫġܹ״̬¶šǾȵءͬʱҲϵءеʽƻƬŶСɵĵˡһʶеɹаɵ˽м׿սʤȫ¡ֻηչĵʶ춷ض˶˶߹ֵֶͷʶζ粻ƵıʡǹֿɵıȻױ˺ģκ飬Ǻ»ǻ£⻹⣬˺ijɣΪ˺ٵ飬һ˵⡰ֺ˵ɣһǡᡱɣⱾ޷Ŀ͹۹ɣ⣬ͻᷢʲôǵˡһʵǣֻеǶijЩɶҳ㹻ɣſγɺЭѺùϵʵϻøĺôɵľԣͲܷչʶɵ˺ԺͲԣԿɵضΪеĻʶҲҶʵ粻

ĵʶʼǶɵĵ˵ľ裬һͱΪԡĵˡʶǸɵ񻰺ͻijɹڶһ޶ͰĴڱڽ̻ˣʶֵ̬ۺʽͬҺĻͻΪͬΪǡĵˡע⵽СңʵκιңûɶսȻٶΪˡնĵʶ̵ֳĵʶͬԣЩšһڽ̵ľͶDzͽСʲ˵©ġʮ־ԿDZʶʵϣеĸ߹ʶΪȷҪĵʶʽУܹΪһͳһ󣬷ֻ˵Ļһ»һµĸƫõģϣ˵ڲһµľ񣬵ڶⲿϣȴŸ߶һµʶ

Ĺʶ̬Ĵڱչһڽʽ⼸һµѧеһ룬ƶڱǸɡ԰ϲɵǸۡǸǸսʿߡΪѧͰ绮ֳɴȫŵʹȫȱġطṹϷ·ͽͽڰԼͼͳµ۹롰طֿĴʹΪԼѧʹͬʱҲԼĵˡӱ˵βһΪ׼ΣһΣһΪԼıҸΡ

DzǷͬļֵۣҲ˵ʶ̬ƫüڣֻطεľԡǣҲŵ㣬֮ԲȡΪ粻粻󽫶԰ڵеط˵ͼ֤ǣӳڲĵĽǶȥ粩Ľٵ硣

ڿʼʱζԼ̫ˣһĵ۹ģʽµ۹ģʽ쵽ܹ/֧Ϊеεĵز֮£۹ģʽ̫ˣϰܹ̲ض̲Ѿûˮƽĵ̲Ȼ٣Ҳ۹صĸԼݵĸĻ̲۹޴ͳγɱջ򡣷¼Ӣ۹ģʽҲ죬ֳϵȻ۹˾޴棬̲Ȼ޷˷ķΣԵֱӰվܳ־á۹ȥռĹҵأͲȥеͳγɱΣǽȫ򻯵֧ϵͨȫλİȨá¡κĻۺϰȨӶҿȫϵ֧ĵλʹھá¡κĻΨһĸλңε͸԰֧޴ȣɱͶҷСûԵĵ⡣ֻ۹ܹѰͳΡµ۹ģʽʹΨһijΪΨһӵȫ־ȨĹңȻҲӵȨʵʹȴ֧ۿۡȻȨ֧䣬ڲԶطκѡƶȾⶼΣЩѷΪָĽڣܸصѶĵ۹֧µģϿƺӦɸܸѹȸ򣬽һƶĻΪͷгεĹԡ ɴ˿Ϊʲôûдͳ۹ŵĻԣΪԵ۹ûкôҪΪļฺֻаط԰֮⣬ſԶĸԴԴԴвεӶᣬֻбطԶƶܹԶIJεİ֧䣬̻Ի͵Ρ׿ֻһС˵룬ûе˰ȫΣעһձ黯룬һ缶룬һҼ롣ͼ繩һӳڲվDzеģIJջƻֹڰģʽ ȻҪȷ͹ξͱϵݱ俼ڡȥȷʵһʷǰĻԻ漣ž޽еܹʹʱ˺粼˹͢ڡˣص̡дغͷչڣޱߵأ޾ԴĻᣬȫŷʲôطġ1(˹͢ˣص̡1993p.215)ҪŬܶ˶ܹɹֳɹǿھвֶδֵĻ棬Ͷȵջ񣨵Ȼӡذ⣩ֻؾŷķչʣȵķչʹֿ˱һҪ㲻ϷչδսĻʹõʷǰijɹᣬγĸ֣ά˽̻Իֽ񻰡ǽʹࡢƶǰ;֮ϵģΣҲΪΡʶ޵粻ԶԶȫΣпܹԼΡҪִ޷չԭĻ 3 ŷǸ뷨ĺ

RifkinбŷΡ ( Rifkin: The European Dream, Tarcher/Penguin, USA, 2004.)һŷΡ⣬ŷʹΡȻʧɫŷ޵ķ棬Ǻ⣬Ҳ⡣ڶԱκŷβ֤ŷεԽʱȴ൱˱һŷһҸоǽұ񵱳նʵȻԹʵŷ޵ʽһֱűȽϾµķߴ׵ʽȣǸǿquality of lifeŵ񣨽ŷ޺ϲĵطûǸʵʹƺϵʵҲûȶء˵ȻԵĶԵģͿз硣ͬȤζδ֧ŷϵȻⲢDzۣһƪ漰֤Ļֵع봫ͳĻġϿ롱෴ġ¿롱Ļģʽ (͡ŷΪһ󻯵IJԡءĻԻNo. 16ϺĻ磬2004)˴ʹܻݵĴĻĻŻչⲻҪ۵⡣ҪǸŷ޶ԴԼ⣬ŷε棬Ǹĵŷε棬ʲô塣

Rifkin⣬ŷԺùΣǸʺȫʱIJʶʱġΡŷһʱΣRifkin˵ǸµʷܡŷΡսһʷԤһʷ ( Rifkin: p.7-8.)νᱻδ֤ǴģȲܴĺֻܴĻŷҲġرȤǣŷ˺˻öԷǡϵġ˼·ͶЩϣΪϵIJִԵһ˼άģʽִµġġչĶΪõģҷǾɵľǻġֵעǣŷھöԷϵʱʵ˵IJͬһ飬ġ¡رڼʵ£ŷΪġ¡ȴҪָκϵ£ŷǷչEUϵ/˼ϸȽʺȫ򻯵δ

˵ŷԴڿ¹ڡúƽѧ˼˼ŷ޵ҪЩ˶Ҫԡ˹ڱ˽вƲDZȨĵһʶģ°˿Ŀĵѧ̵Ӱŷ˼룬ΪȨ˼ѧȻҲȨԶŷϣȨһβԣµúƽڽֽһΪŷ޵ۻ˵ŷ޺Ѹ˵ľԿϵԭôŷ޸ӵǾ壬Ƴʸ塣һȻܾ˷dzͬճȤڻĿȴγڡִԡش ֵעǣȻ˼ŷһֱӵ伶ĵλ˼ȴںܳʱûеõӡ¹úƽι˼ڵʱڹǰڼûȥ˼һֱ˶δսһѣŷ·˿¹˼ŷεʥδսһˮ뾭飬ŷ޺ɴ˻ȫͬᣬŷᵽ˷ִչµĻ֮ʹӶƽ塢ԻԺͺԣ˹롢ɹԻ͡쵼ףӶǿ˰Ȩ塢;ԡ˵ŷ޴Ӷսõָľ飬Ӷʼ˶ִԵ̷˼γ˺ִ˼Ӷսõľ飬Ǿİִ򶥷塣սҲһЩ˼ȡõľ˵ʺγɹȣȴȻȱӰȻսֻʹŷ޺еIJ֮ͬͻرۣʹЩ֮ͬչ䵼ʱĵز ŷ޻ִԭΪԭվִԵĹ᳹Ȼִŷ޵˼뷢ŷഫͳ˼ϵġϵġԵĺĻϵĴͳԼͳ⣬ʹִԷչòʼ봫ͳЭһۿ۵ŷִԾ޷еִˣִԷӵ¡ǸޱߵδĴأһһ׵Ĵأûдͳûʷûֳƶȣŷ޵ĴͳΪ⣬鶼¾飬Ҫ֪ʶ¹ʵʵõʵ֪ʶʵЩѧû壬ɵĿռʹչ˳׵ִԣֹĽͷչ˵ɺͳɹڵ֪ʶͻԼɺͲƸΣʽijִִԣ˰Լ鷢չʽĻʹĻŷ޺Ļ ִԸҲϣŷ޵Ĵͳ˼ĸԣӶʹִһֱűȽǿڰս˵иνִɫʡִ˼Ȼŷ60һ˼ڽѾȽĹˣRifkinŵ˵ŷںִߵͷĵطǰУǸִ߳ԼִԶȫʱ롱 ( Rifkin: p.7)ҲŷΪ˼ϸȽһɣŷԼѾԽִԽ˺ִԣִͣԡʶģPCԺЩʹִʽɴ˷չˡԵġǡԡĺִʶ˺˵ʶġȻʵ϶ŷʶȽǣϴ˶ʶˣʽִ·ԴԼ޷еģѲģѾڶĹȰԤ֧̫ࡣһܶŷʶʵȫ򻯵ĹͬʱҲǸĻḶ́Ȼܿû˭ܹ׶ҡ쵼λĵ彫ԽԽѣԽԽΪһΣȱЧʵIJԣӲ۵ļ϶һǶԼԣΪȫγȫԵ桰󣬵ߵ󻯱òʵʣ𷴿ͳͻƺûкܶ塣ΣҶ˵δǺΣһ㿴ȷʵǡʱˡ

ôŷԼRifkinƼνŷεʲôƣңٶΪŷεжʵģ󣬼ЩŷƶŷʵģǶǷǿƹģЩ⡣ɵŷαƵģǶαƵģαŷ޵һͳ֮£ġֱʵģŷ޷ִ⽻ģʽԼۣαƵĵͣ˾ܶıƭͱ塣

Rifkinġ//ȫĸŷǿǡͬеĻǸĶǿĻԶԣǿDzƸۣǿɳչƵǿͶܶǷĿɣǿձȨȻȨ˽вȨǿȫǵȨá֮ŷ׷IJƴƸȥ߾ˮƽ׷ȨΧȥ໥⡣ŷαΪǡڶɡҪµġ塱idealismȥ򵹵һᳫġ塱ԼƵĽۺ;Ի˵ĸ壬֮ǾִԵĸִرǷֱִԵĻһƴΪġѰĻdeath culture ( Rifkin: p.3; 8; 13-14; 379)ifkinڱŷʱΪԱȣȱöӦŷ޵ŵ㣬൱ǣǿģڷչйҿŷ޺Ĺͬȱ¸ֻ࣬dz̶ϵIJ졣Ӧ˵ŷġŷ޵ŵ㡱ȱԵıȽԣǡŷ޵ŵ㡱ȴδʵδڽܹΪʵ

ŷ׷ҲŷԼϲ˵ġŷʽһ־С൱˵һձ鸻ԣӵᰲȫСƷζҪ󣺣1ڸˮƽϵĸᣬӶǵк֮ǣ֤ǵȫ2гֵɡʱȥ׷ַḻľŷ˵ĿƺȾDZŷʽһŷʽġԡЩرͨĿҪijƶȣ˵ȨȨķƶȣһ㲢ȫݣŷȴǰȫڵԣҪһϵǣȫζ⣬ʹαøв󻯣ͱһķյδڣȫⲿϵⶼ⣬һҵⲿҪӵöࡣǹ۲쵽ģŷޣⲿԡĻƷȵȶڱ⣬ʲôҪˡ

ֻͨһרơĹҲŻγɰȫλλģʽΪһרƺĹҵdzκα䶯п޷ԤϵӦķʽʧأˣʽDZΡŷ޲һרĹң෴ŷǸdzĵǷεĵط仹ӵõιŷ˻ԼΪˣŷҲγһģʽͺЩͬѰˣ˵ŷʽһսҪȥļʽһִ¡޴½ʱʽһִ£ҲڽȷʵʱˣŷʽͬҲһΪҪȡֶȥģѾ֤ʽǴġսģȻʽпǸõģõ鲻ǶǴġϵ̬ȫͬŷʵǸΣһȵIJԣͬһձ黯롣ŷεıڵֿҲ˵磬һΪ˱ŷƷʶͼֵͬġġʽͼֵۣһΪ˱ŷ޸ƶȶͼֵչйҵġġʽԼŷβһԵ룬쵼磬Ҳȵ롣ⲻŷΣΪûŷԼΣֻ˵ŷξзdzŷ޵ıͬһԵͰ

粻ġŷʽŷοһģͣôŷε֯ԭ;ֵ÷ձ塣ŷοԿһͼ͸ֲͬģ͡ڴͬϣŷ޺ܿḻʷ飬δɹľ顣ϣѧرĵһγԽҵġڸ֮䡢ڽ֮䡢֮䡢֮䡢֮䡢Ļ֮䶼м۸ӵıַ֣ͳͻŷرأΪŷһֱһСԼɵķ״̬˵ŷڸ涼һֱѵ̫ϸ˳ͻ϶Ҹӡ1648ġ˹طǺƽԼdzڳͻ֮õһγɹһֱɹʹϵձģʽνƺԭγִ/ҷشãڽ쿴ѾdzˣΪھάһ־ĺƽʵǸıٽ״̬òƺƽͺʵdzŵijͻ״̬һԶĹʹϵģʽܽκìܺͳͻ˵ìܺͳͻĻŷȻᣬͼӸϸıģʽ1945֮ŷ޷˼һǡĸϵһ򳬹ҵŷ޻öҵijЩȨ (μݣءŷΪҪһܷйѧ磬2004p.3.)ŷһ廯Ŭ

EUƶȴ·dzŷʷͼìܺͷ߻ģʽȳϡԡ޷ıʵҷлģΪǴḻҪӻȥ϶ǷdzҪһƹֵҰĵŷ޳һԵļȶʵÿĻԡ嶼޿ʷۺĻŲһͳԸܵľ޴ĻʧDZҪԶԵİԣŷϲĴʻˣ˹Դ֤ (μHabermas: The Inclusion of the Other, Polity Press, 1998.)һ棬ͬʱǷͳͻҪĸԴ̵Ľǡڶͳһunity in diversityǽһֶĵʽΪͳһEUһһελȨеͳģֻһΪṩġ ( Rifkin: p.224-226)Ҫṩ̸СЭ̺ЭķֻǴ˷ûдȨ޴λagentȨȻȨڵġϰ塱ˡҪŷҲҪһҪ󣬾˵ĴڲӰ죬ˡŷޡһµĴڡ˵һͬиĽʵЧҪ֤ڲǷһܹ֤вķġˡһֱǸ⣬EUƺһ

EUģʽĿǰ飬һȽǣEUǷҪһǿΪES(Europe of States)USE(United States of Europe)ָͳһԺͼȨʽEUҪֻǸ̸кЭȻٽŷ޸ĺȻûܹŷ޻һǿֻаEUΪESUSEпܡEUǿΪUSEEUƶȴԽΪʲôطɫUSE̫ܹԽUSAģʽƶȡҲЭκϵľ飬˼ӹ˹ (˹͢ˣ̡Ϻij磬1997p.646-647.)ԭڹ֮ĹϵתΪڵιϵEUķչǰ;޷˵ĻôֻŲͬġһ˼봴µĿռ䲢ܴΪҪƵĶǡ⡱ģʽ֮ͬС졣

˵EUʲôȽͻηۣôܾ൱ڹ˹ġԶԻ͡ԡνͺȻҲŷ޵һʶ˵Ϊŷ˵Ŀ˹ڿµĻϽһо˻˵һͳһڲЭʵԭ򡣹˹ԻżֹģԳӦõӶγɽԻ߶Իԣһܹ˷ƫɹʶʵEUһĵιܾͼѵԶԻ/̸ӶʹпܻúĽ޷֤һܹõ

⣬ŷ޵Ļֵ۶ԣŷȻڽʶ̬ͳεĵڽ̾ȻҪľŲ仹γһֲڽΪڽ̾ʵʵڽ̣ŷް汾ձȨ˵ŷʲôͬͳһ/룬žΪڽ̵ȨŷȨ̫ŷĻƫãһϸԵձۣ˵ŷ޶Ȩֻһ֡ط֪ʶձ֪ʶԴŷ޵ȨѾϱռˣζŷ޵ȨĻڽȨʱԼҪһЩݣʹȨĺӴӣìܡ˵ˣһֵطԵҪܻᱻдǶǡ 4 ʱй

һҲҪҲѵ⣺йʲôйεĻʵйǶεģʲôǡйΡȴǸѶε⡣Ըһʹй췭ظı仯룬ǰġִ롣ִ뱾أʵйȴΪһصΡ뱾;ìܵʣһ棬ִ벻һйΣһĻ;˵ִȥйִǶйͳķ񶨣նѧ߼йִҪйһ棬ִǰȫй˵Ĺͬ룬йġԭйϲľй룬ңйѡִΪֻһִйܹͰİȨ֧䣬˵ֻайֿܹ³Ϊй йִиӵʣйڹ˼йʽʱϣܹۺִģʽŵ㣬һرϣܹۺĻŵ㣬ֳۺϵԭָ£йִ´˵ġйġִ·ڰйͬʱǰѡǶǣò롣йʽ´йִľʽǶֶģ⡰йִйʵһĸͲй йִĵһɾǡҪ򡱵ľ飬йִĵһҪҪǿйһҪһֱȻҪҪ󡣵Ȼǿ󡱲ҪǿһҪǿ󣬵ڡǿ󡱷ȴвͬййͳʹõҲ㹻õģǰִִ͵ġáģʽͬΪҪִʵִҲܳɹչٲܱȷʹãѧ͡ʺ;˫ִֵעǣִڸıʱ򲢲Ǹıˮƽͬʱı˾ΪʴʣͬʱҲһ־һľǣֱӷֲִͱȴͳһйͳIJλйͳıʱҲҪȥӭĹ бҪǵйִһҪIJëԷǷ˼һĴ룬ëһģʽѵᣬһвľᣬΪһŰֽʺϳΪԵ㣬ܿһȫµܹγȫµľ飬ӶչȫµʽᡱɨһᶼԱгĴᣬëľ˵˻ƶĶԼķﵽҹջ׷󡰼ծծĹ״̬⿴ǸҪǾÿǣΪⲢһЧʵľ״̬ɼᡱں̶ܴǰѧ׼ġģʽӭ¾顢̽ƶЩ棬ë󶫵й뿪ʱڵЩƵ׷󣬶ԡ¡͡ϵ¡ޱȵ顪һë˼ִԡεĴȫͬŸ˷ܶëżʵ˾˵Чġ֡ÿ˵˽Ŭɻ˹ͬ棬ëᳫٶͬġΪ񡱵֣ÿ˵Ϊѭձ档ëԽ˾ԽҸ׷һǰ޹˵ľ׷Ϊ̶ġ㳵free-rider⣬㳵γɡѨЧӦһDZ֤֮ɿȻǸ۵⣬Ϊëȷʵɹػֿܹ㳵ļΪ󣬲һ״̬൱ʱ䣬һ״̬սһҪԭǵʱйƶڵµˮƽ޷֤ǵҪҲ޷֤ڵĵˮƽ ƶⱻ϶Ϊ⣬ǿľҪǿʻΪ˽ƶ⣬СƽйִµصִķϣչӲһսתȱΪһȸƶ⣬ֱƶִ࣬չͽһΪгᡱпԿйִۺ´ȽʽľͼŷʽƽȣƺεһֺŷεһۺһǰģκŷξܲRifkinôۣȷʵЩݵĵطҪŷ޾ۺҲǼ򵥵顣

˽죬йִڰڵǰǣйҪԼһʲôĸλһھ⣬Ҳǵëе⣬ͼΪйһֶصبδеľ񣬴ӶʹйΪйë󶫵ŬûгɹѾˡйʲôģζDZйķʽΪйһһһ׼ֵۣһҪһйΪйΪһΪ縺εĴ롰йǸѶȵģһҪԭǣܹ˼ĸϵϵ֪ʶϵ϶ģЩԵĸȨɡȵȣҪָЩĸԵѣ䲻ʺй顣йûܹչܹձ黯ĸϵϵ֪ʶϵͲھձй񣬾˵йĸһܹձ黯˼ϵԽеطɫйĻĻֻǵط֪ʶˣйĻߡĻйЩ˵ֻṩḡ㣬ܳΪй롣ԣworld-nessй޷

ܹɹԽʱչΪһǿĹңйҪ濼⣺1ʲô˼/֪ʶϵܹЧ˼и⣿Ȼûǿ˼ͲܴҪĸִҲͲǿĻᡣһйܾȽϺӵģ2ʲôƶܹʹе֮ԸУҪһڹơǷdzѵƣĿǰ֪ᶼﲻı׼ǶԾ˺СǶӹ˺ûһֶе֮ƣ3ʲôʽܹʹԶ壿ҪһڷչˮƽľȻǵ򵥺ƶģûһܹˮƽȥάǵȤվҪǾֻоž޷ḻչĿռ䡣Щĸ⣬Ŀǰϵĸ붼ܹܺõؽЩ⡣ ǰ۵ģִȻһй룬йʵֵһ롣йʵִ֮ضʹйй⣬ܹйҪȥġйͳԴУ߶˼ƵԴܾǡ¡ζһԡ硱ΪλۿܣĿǹ˼һձЧƶȡѧģĺ£ġԡworld-nessƷġΰ¸ΪһۡԲμڡϵһе (͡ϵս磬2005)ۡ򵥵˵ǿԡԭرΪ1⡱ԭһųκηѸξǷκβݵ߸2εձ鴫ԭһοռdzЧĺЭģôضҪһƶìܵعᴩ֮Уӻελطвελңελ磩ͳͬģ3ձԭһ̵Ĺѡ⣬ϣܹعġ˷һֱ޷Խĸѡ

ĻԻ꿯182006꣩

ע͡

1 ˹͢ˣص̡1993p.215


ӭʡйվ http://www.cc.org.cn/.
ICP֤041040