ΩԸƽˮʹ罭ϣ
et revelabitur quasi aqua iudicium et iustitia quasi torrens fortis

 

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šйвۡй塱Ҳת۳ΪⱨƵƵֵۡԴΪɫɫ˵вʽĿ϶硶й˵ĩʾ䣨士רƣ˹ȴȱٶһʷġ۵ıԻ֪ʶԵʽ֣һⶼڲϸԼͬʱȷһּ󣬷·ڶʮ;ʮһϯйظһǧξͳ塱Ҳûκϸ綨ʹûб˲ĶĻ뻹η룬 塱ǩ֮һϵҪ侲ìܲDZȵĵαڸǣ ǼΪ̬ȡݡͬķǴ˼˵ѡ ۻΪֱܲ;ˣȴʶʵʡҲ˵̽緶ΧڲĿ͹ʷڷЩͬǰйᡢĻ˼뻷֮ĹͲ죬ڲй۵ͻԡ

ĵĶ߲Ѱѵǰ塱ھ漰йᄈеһ ЩǹڵǰйϢ Щǹڡй۹ܻ۹ϢڴˣġȻڡ˵ġѿйءй塱дУй󾭳ǾֲġġģдԴڵ֪ȴġϵͳġȫģǰڰǰṩеIJϺ󣬺֯Щ󣬶ѧʶ̬ġ롱ѵˮʽűܾѧԺģйд ƫĶѣ׾ӵʶ̬ʶ̬Ŀ֡ ෴Ϊʱ֪ʶֹֹһţдлؽһ߼ˣˣ˵嶨λϵͳֲãΣĻĸ߶Ծ ڻڽʶϷϡǿ֪ʶơ͸ͼֵȶ֮Сʶ֪ʶȨϵͳз֪ʶ޿ɻرܵĹҲְ̽ڵĵйᡢĻһڲ衣

ȻһϵͳڵĿԣй˵ƷһĶ֡󡶲һΪ졢ϲĵķ̸ڽйĴĻгضڴֵôС֣ĻռĶԪԺڼ۸ذڳףô˵ʹĻѧĻоϵҪԣʵϣ̣ѹ̼ĻʽġԸ㡱Чֵ֣̽ һ⣩ڹڳΪ䶯һʱſһͨƷijɹںⱻָΪʮй廰ĴͻʽͲܲ˾й֪ʶһʧְʧܡ֮ô˵Ϊй֪ʶر۽񲻽ûжԡȺԡԷԱ֪ԵĻӦҲδ⼰ھʮйıһϵĽ綨֡˵Ҳ۵

ֵһᾭ ִͬԡmodernity)ʷ׶εĽṹԹϵһƳһձ⣬һĿеġԡȡڡִ󡣵оǶɣErnest Gellner˹(E.J.Hobsbawm)ѷ(Benedict Anderson)ǿ(nationalism)(nationality)ңnation-state)ڽŷޣضʷͨΪʱĽáޱ䡣ΪĻʷͨһϵ˶α¡Ļ졢ϧǧ˵ѪһԵĹ滮ǰҵͶʱϢĵȼ޺͵໥״̬չͱͳһĹгӦµʽͽʽı׼ġ񡱴ڡ 򵥵˵ ʷĻİƵIJԵͼΪʱ񡱵ձ黯ȷЧλʵʽǶ侭塷Nations and NationalismһмҪָһ֡κϷԵۡa theory of politicallegitimacyǡελ嵥λӦغϡthe politicaland the national unit should be congruent, 1983Ӣİ1ҳڴˣִĹؼǶúڸйִԵ˵ʷԴ͹ޡںڸǰֻһɵģһЩɵģ˶ɵģִԵıʡͬڸǶɿһ˵һңͻеڶе嶼òҵʽԼÿһִ˶òΪΪҵġ񡱣Ϊֹ巢չʷ5ҳ

ʷʹķĻʡܶҺʶ̬ƺǽضġĻͳ֮ϣȴԴձִԾ顣ⲻΪҵα߽羭ӴͳĻ߽磨硰־ĻĹҷָ ӢʿָкüȻͬġĻҶں൱ġ塱ͶԪʵĻͳ ˵ִΪڶ塢Ļġ塱γɸ߶һ廯ġĻǿҵԺкȷĹͬνʽձԡ֮ࡰ塢硱ʽ֣ΪִԹ滮һض棬˶ڵıɷ֣Ϊҡ֡ϷıΤľ׶Σһҵȷάϵ޲ԶԸֵطġġ˽˵ʽѹƻǿԸΪǰᡣʷչ岻ǡԵġǡġо⣬Ȱһľѧѧʡھܵذѵ塢塢ĻνΡidentity politics)ĸţںʷ;ᄈı֤չۡ

ںЧõԣִͬеֲͲ֮໥ã塰ձԡδҵȷҲ޷Ϊʲôʱִ͡ԡʷسһмеĴͳϰס޵ͬʱȴҵĿܡƽ񡣸ǶձϷԵͬʱһǿе嶼ܹԼġαӻʽҵĿ͹Ըζʵԡ˶Գġۡԡ͡塱ġʡ׷ʡֻһDZķ֣Ժ嶼ǾʷµĹ죬 ضȺļ鹹Ǹӵľáᡢìһ˹ͬ塱еԽҲǰѷImagined Communities)⡣ձڲijԺͺԼڻżȻԴӷʹΪѰҾ龳⡢̬ݡоתΪоһʷڲԡԡԣתΪԲͬ龳ʵؿ顣

Զҵγɾִձ븴Ӷʵ໥á໥ЭĽ־áᡢ塢ĻεϰҺγ¾ԵӡǡķĻʲζѧʷϵĻγɵȻݺϡֱ۸ǣͬԡϰס淶ʷضȺڽңΪԼĻṩαɡijͬʱҲԤ̵ġڳԻʷĻ͸DZڵԡĻ֮⣬ ಻ܺӿռIJԡָδǵԵϵIJͬʱģŷޣܱչиִϵеIJͬλú顣ʱִ͡ԡйʷϲǡԭġǡġ(derivative) й֮йһԡĻΪ׵۹ԾΪִתĹҪǵоӽɡʱάȡ򡰿ռάȡʶȵбⲻǿȻʷʷĻʷԼҲڷչй۵ͬʱעһܱйѹֺŤЩĿǽоΪյϸӵȨϵִ⼰ϵнԵеķ˼

α֤ͷ⼰ͬйԣڴˣͬ۱֮䣬۱֮֮ͬ֡Ȼγһġ͵ѭhermeneutic circle)仰˵й޷ȫʱᄈеʶͻԶڣ ʶͻԵĻַָʾȫ򻷾еĵйᡢΡáĻ˼״һжǽ뵱ij̶Ⱥǵ֪ʶ׼µҪ

ȶýеġй塱һѧ۵ĵչߵıͿԿ൱һ֡塱÷ִָͬں޹ϵȴǡǡá֮桱쳯̬೤ôҳ֮ǰԭIJĴͳ¡Զĵйʷ侭ǿΪĽһ١ٶĴȴһֱ겻ɢҲһֱʶԡŷۡΪ쾭ýѧġо󡱡һٶġײ֮󣬽һʮҵڲĶԪۺ岻ûийĻسṩݾʹԵøӳªʱ޴˳һᣬһЩѧȫʱϢĶ༫Ϊĸṩʷ̨ѧĹ㷺ۡѧۡڡǰִ롰ִ֮䷢·ΣDZҪģҲйıָ֣¹ΪֻϵĻҡΪҡޡ롢Ρƽĵֵ롰ҡԵĻ塰¹ۡһĻŲںִԪкһӵۺʵ⣬ڴ˴ۣɭ(JosephLevenson) 䡶йִˡĵһɡ¡͡Ķֽ̽й˼ʷĶѣνץסĺġйԽһǧδ֮֡ʹ˼תԸΪĻ塱ᳫ塱Լڡ¡ʧжءʤ1965Ӣİ100ҳǽ۹⿴һͳ޷ΪйĿģ񡱣ҸΪ߱ȡ塱ܴnationalismȷк壩ͱȻΪµ·һȥ³Ѹšйϣָй塱ͺԹй˾ҲҪǿҪɡҪִ֮֡еĶȻ⹫񣬺ЩӲѸζʵʮйᡢáΡĻ˼뷢չͻҪ¡Ҫһ̫ʱܣʱȫΧڵһϵìܡǣýйо쵱йʱȴ鲻Խصࡰ塱ĹŵɣϲĶռģûʱ䣬ûʷһܶʼһɲ䡣۳֪⣬ָʱĴҶ¶ԽΪλʲ׼ᡱִʱĺߵԽкäӡڱϸʰǵġصĶϵгҵҲòƸѧ棩˵ԺͲ绯аͬʴѭӹ족˿Цá

෴һ֡й̸ۡνʵΡ(Realpolitik)޷йùģͱȻԵϵţڹԽԽţսͶҡеġ򡱡йõĿһʵľ棬һִȼƶȵļȵǶأ ˵ʱսˡǿǡǰ²δѡδܴõ¹ձIJʹѵʱԼڽʷʹй˺εȵĴۺ衣ΪһʷԹ塱⽻¿йڲġ塱򡰹ʶȻΪйݺǸȡҪ鱨֮һִӡ桱Ŀִ֮άľϵ ӷҺκϷԡ

йϣʲ׼սʶ̬۵ɲۼʱĻʶ̬ȷԡɺɡ֪ʶӡŸΪİաʡѧԺݽڰ³LucienPyeоԣйִĸ鷳Ϊ۲۵ϵȴ֮(the fundamental problem in China\"s modernization is thatChina is really a civilization pretending to be a nation-stateҲ˵йġһͳʹйʥ۹ʽķֱҲϢᡢ˼ɾͱй岻ִʶìܼ壬ͳ־ġǿ˵ĵ򡱣imposed moral order)Ȼϵģʽִʲ׼ᡱԴΪݣΪйִҪʽοPye, \"How China\"s Nationalism Was Shanghaied,\" Jonathan Unger Chinese Nationalism, 1996Ӣİ)DZ̨(1)йûִ壻(2)йҪΪִңᡱʲ׼ݱ䡣ƲԵ򣬰³Ĺ۵ʾǣйִξϵΨһɫһɫдй߼һɡ

ԵⲻԲԣϷϷҲйûʸ̸壬˭彨ڸΪ񡢹㷺ĹʶβĻϣ˭иḻľáᡢĻԴڲΪʵͣⲿ϶࿪ԺͰԡĻ壬 ӶȫԾռݵϡϡʶ̬Ϻ۷ƺ־ĻȻͬĹҺ֮䣬Ҳ̬ͬҼʶ̬ϵ֮䡣ϣ֪ʶѧϷ˼۱һ⣬ڼþϿ͹۵شڡҵĻһȫͬ⡣ᄎͬĿģǵֻΪȡһΪ̬ļŬ

ййҪʽ֮⣬ԴҪġ塱÷ еĵ㵽й¶ƫʹɳ塣 ڸೡϣ˴ġ塱ñͬԼõġ塱ʵ ڴˣԼ԰أԣĻʷȺԼͼڣĸϵǡ塱ءйشﲩʷƾã˿ڶࡱġȻԴνȡ֮룬йҲһڡһ֡塱ս硱ʶ̬Ѱµġ۹ĸƷ۹⿴塱˳ʷ̨Ĺʹ볡ǿ򡱺ͼֵDZʽЩۡǡйвۡݣIJЩֲģƬƴȻòһڵйȫʶġ塱ʲô͸ˡ

ʵϣ˶ʼо䷨ɡսֱ徭øĸһйִʷΪойṩıڶʮĻ֪ʶӵĴһԮ˼ͬĴ׶ľרھĻ˼뿹һȴûԷ۹Ϊĵʶƽͳ嵭СƷǵˣͷƪšաΪν塱Ŀ֡ڷһŶԪձϵġйձıһУԽ¶ձͨ˳ʱйֺ֪ʶ練۹ġǿԶܣڡ׫ģԡ񡱵ҪĻҵίԱᡱɢĴдձй෴Ĺ˶ձĻϳֹ·͵ĸ壬պ뺺׶԰ΣĻĵһʮȴܹᳫľ˵йִ˼ʷ塱һ֪ʶͬʱҲԾߡ߲ìܣศɣ֪ͬʶӵ֪ʶ˸


ϵսһྭáĻġȫ򻯡һڲԺʶ̧ͷȻ߷ǵûۺʵ֤ҵΪṩ˵ʽֻע⵱ԾúNAFTAóЭAPEC̫ú֯޲ΪλʱȫҲεҵľáɡλ۵ֳءʳСʹΪһ֤һ㷨⡱ʮԽȫʱϢ˲ĵļһӢĻϵġԵˡǻԳΪᄈн飨ԼֽļԵļ֤Ƕ֡Եλáġۡ壨Ե֡Ⱥ䡱ȵȶǽѧԺʱֻ⣩ȴ߹Dzһʵڵ磨رǵ磩ľ˵Խ缰ľáᡢĻεIJƽǺεȵIJףҵĸǶôؾ˸˺ͼˡɣڻ̫̽ɨάֵƽԮ񡢷ΰ̲ȷҪʺ˹νġ(world domestic politics)ͳĻġ繲͹뻹Զ˹ձһϱ¶ٹ̵ζѧ·ŷ˼롣

һ棬ӱˣӰ˹ˡո˾۾ĿͻִҸչơһвʵһ֡˳ͬ뱾־۵˼άγɵʷԺͿ͹ԡҺǽڴᡢѪԵϣһضáᡢĻȺϵҹ涨ҹ涨ʵֲԵĸ˺ͼ־ΪתƣŸӶ̵ʷᡢĻθԴ֮Һ嶼ǡĹ족ѷĹȴʷĶԪ֮оɵġۡԵ޴ΪйƵŬûݣҲûʵ˵

뵱йûд𰸵գ֪ʶĽйһչʷıôƮ ȴһмʷĿ͹۴ڡ𡢷ռĹУԾԾͶл˾顢۲ͳķܡԴľѧѧۣǿԿڵйıйõĶԪͬ㷺ľáĻУͨй𽥰Ѿľ޺ʶ״̬ʼԸˡ͹ҵǰ;ֳԽԽϡĺͲʶٵ岻ǡģַʽ˵Ҳ൱ԡºͬ͡һľʵ̬ЭĴոտʼǣִձ鳱ĵйܷʷľԺͲдͬھʲ׼ҡ