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ŲйеԾ糡Ϊ

񰴣ѵġ糡ᡱ롰ϷᡱһӱĻ⡣Ҳһƪ糡ᡱ£Ծ糡˸Ϊѧġܹҽһ˼
תԴ̳
ʣԾ糡Ϊɵʷ

Ҫ糡ζűݡ˵ΪΪ˿ʱΪ;бݵʡijĿĶڱΣо糡ΪĹͬ糡ΪλȨ

ڱѹֵġұҪľ糡Ϊ֪ʶΪȨǮҪľ糡ΪʵҵΪǨλѡҪľ糡ΪԹԱΪǵйֲͬʽԾ糡ΪԴȴͬģƶ̵ִŤѷӸǶȽ糡ΪӱȵԾḶ́ӳԵ컯ŤὨǶȽ糡Ϊٳɷαϵķģʹƶʽεƶʵڻ ĿǰԾ糡ΪоڼĽ׶Ρоḻ۹ڡΪΪĴͳ綨ͣ٣֤Ϊ뻥ϵĶ븴ԡǻоΪйȨиɡȨʷԼ̵ѧ̽ṩصӽǣΪԾ糡ΪĴڸǣԶdzģҪʵȨͱŤɵṹƶзʽ

ĵĿڹմڵйȨеһִձDDԾ糡ΪĶԡȨ塱Ķǣ˼ĿִߵȨܸľϵͳѾŻ򲿷ֿţἫ΢н֮ƣִʶ̬ϹڸתΪ绤ܡ֮һڱ仯еģȨϷԼֵϵͳѾΣԶû޵͡Ҳɽ֮Ϊ伫Ȩִ֮һֹ̬йԣĸġСƽʱ?ĺġСƽʱĽ綨Ȼʱָ߲ͬص㡣

оԾ糡ΪʹǶѧеĺDDΪδڵˡ˵ɡ˵ɵʷԣ༴ʵֵʷ֮ĹϵDDijЩµʶ⣬ΪййȨһרоĻ֤ѧԣںϷԻǡǡڶϷΣǰС

糡Ϊ

糡ΪӢıʾǡdramaturgical actionӢУdramaturgicalʵԭǡھġʽdramaturgyָд籾ɡdramaturgicalһǡϷԵġϷġμӢǺйشǰѡdramaturgical actionΪ糡ΪʱʾͬʱԱ˼

ճУ糡Ϊ䳣Ʃ磬һڼдѧǵĽʦֹͬͬʱ󲻲ͬҲûڳļͥеĸ桱ıֲͬһԸոսŮҲΪܴij֡ݡɷ֣ϣԼõһ澡չʾԷǿ԰Ѿ糡ΪΪ㣺һ壨糡Ϊʵʩߣʾ壨糡ΪĽߣһַʽϣͼӰжϣʹ˶ԣ糡ΪĹϵǡߡ롰ڡĹϵڶݡζšߡʾڡĶDzʵģ֮糡ΪȻʵԵıĿ϶ֻһ֣һΡڱˣߡϣʾڡֻ֣ʹ˶ԣ糡ΪִвԳɷ֣ڡԡߡ˵Ѿǡڡǡ֡

ĹעIJճϵľ糡ΪǾ糡Ϊλ༴Ծ糡Ϊ˵йȨһֵע⡢о

ȰԾ糡Ϊһ綨£ȻйȨеļ־֡

ȣԾ糡ΪҲһ֡ݡǡߡijѹijҪĿĶеҳʾˣԶճеľ糡Ϊ⡢ɡ

ΣԾ糡ΪġڡѧѵȣںܶೡϣȻܳΪߡڶ󣻴ӱ˵Ծ糡Ϊġڡһָڡߡʹߡе־δڣһʵ壬ҲεģȴԶʹߡ֪в

ٴΣΪıԡѹԣԾ糡ΪʵԱ˵֡ȫΡڱҵһֶΣĿģΪ˰ѡڡһٵ塣

󣬲ͬճеľ糡Ϊ˲ԣԾ糡ΪڳڵġѹֵȨΧУʹߡŤʹˡڻΪۡѹƵĽԵ֪Ǵ

ѧߵԾ糡Ϊ

ѧߵְҵʹ̽δ֪桱ѧߵĻְҵ¡ڳĹУѧΪ֪ʶӵһ֣е塢󼲵ΪˣѧȨᴦȻĶ֮Сѧߵ˼ƣΪȨҪ֮

ͨѧоѧһϵεʵʩģʹѧԾʶЩԽЩԽЩֻܽʲô̶ȶȨУѧDzڵĨDDȨִͼʹϲڨDDѧߵġѧƷֻд֪ʶѧϲܻĽ˵ѧߡߡͳʶ̬κϸ΢ı仯ڡߡ¡ѧıеõӳʶ̬ѧߡѧıġӦ򡰴λѾΪжѧǷ񡰳족Ƿڴ˵ı־

ڳ׵ļȨ£ѧߵġͷһǡݡǵȨаһʱѧߵġͷȻɣȴϵġ磬205060˼족һеIJ˾Ϳ˵ǡǡһ򿪷ţ١ϾѲתȨСɵڸɺѾõἡ궯ԶδɵʷסһԵġ仯ʱѧڸյġְȨǿӸġɫ֮εҶڴװͿټЩ֪ʶӵʴڸƣְơʡסõĿˡĿǮΪնԽԽµġˡͷʹΪԾ糡Ϊߡѧ߾ˡھѰ˼ۡ

ʵҵߣ˻˽Ӫҵϰ壩Ծ糡Ϊ

֪ʶˣʵҵߵԾ糡ΪиӳIJΪ򹤾Ե

ҲDZҪģһ˽Ӫҵϰ崿ΪҵĿġôгֶΣǹ淶ġϺгģDz淶ġթģھ̨ʱΪҲСݡʣȴԵģѰαֻҪûв÷ġѰ⡱ֶΣȻ֮ܳԵľ糡ΪֻеһʵҵֱӻӵġġʽֺȨͼ˴ﵽûϵĿʱΪԾ糡Ϊ

йϸ80ȷʵһʵҵȺ塣еľˣԶԣľ糡ΪȾңԽʵʩԾ糡ΪļԽߣҪҲԽ

ʵҵԾ糡ΪIJƶԭ

һȨ뼫ȨҪ֮һڱһͳƵͬʱÿƵķ𽥷ſһ˵ġ˽вȨΪʵҵ߽ײij־ͳΪȻǣԴռСгȶϷ򼸸濴ԭ̨ϵġСʲӵȣȻơɴǾͿ⣺ʹֲƽԼɵʧѰ⡱ΪҲDZȻ֮١οԲƸ̰׷ʹѰ⡱Ϊںܶೡϱø޼ɵ

ڶƶִķչƿȨ²вȺ壬վҪȡԴʸ񣬵ΪֹǻûСʵϣ˽ϰ塢ϲڵʵǡǡͨȨǮ׵ĴڵõȷϣйȨǵصĸҪؽڵ㡣Ǯ컯˵Ȩ뱻Ȩħ˵ĽǮǽһġȨʵҵȨĵġݡѱչΪɵġʵҵߵijЩڹҵġƾ١䱳Ծ糡ΪӰ

ȻбҪ˵ʵҵȫʶıɣȴεıɡһλʶ˽ӪҵҵĻԼȨǰһСˡĽɫԳʵΩΩФعʵҵԾ糡Ϊıԡ

ԱԾ糡Ϊ

ԱȨӵߡһʵĺϷ֤֮ž޴蹵ȨУһȱƴͳѰ⡱롰⡱лߡ롰ܻߡΪ̬֮ĻΧУԱԾ糡ΪDzɱġڼ棺

ȣġ񡱣ԱȨϷԵ,ġʶ̬˹Աı׼񡱵Ȼڹ񣻵Ҫڡǰݣ˵ѾʼԽɳ蹵ĴھԽԨDDֻҪִûзԻʱʵ򽩻Ľ蹵湫ڻԱڡǰġݡŻ10ǰࡰݡΪ١󡢿ա죬ڳɳĹؿˡݡ濼

ΣκȨУȨԶϡȱԴαȨȡȨȨܵвʱΡұǹԱʱ̲Ե⡣ɴ˲ġȨϵͳڲһϵԾ糡Ϊһס򡱣һƶȣʹƶʽЧʹСߡΪһֽġý¶һϵгţ̨ŵ顷̸Сһ֧񡢴Զ˽޲˵׹ϵϵͳѾ˺εȴĿĵij̶ȡ ҲǸҪģڹԱӵȨڱҪʱԾ糡ΪڶԱʽ֣Ϊij֡ݡԻԾ糡ΪԱΪһʾġ񹤳̡ҲԱΪش¼췢ġƺ1990ڱе˻ǹҼԾ糡Ϊļñ걾ʱʮ򱱾ѧǿжԱ롱˻ijﱸǿҪ󡰹ۿԴ֤?ĺ󱱾ֺġȶڼԾ糡Ϊĸԣ漰ԱߡԱ֮䣬ԼֶԱֶΣ봫ý֮ĶػȫбҪгרо

Ȩƶȱµ

˵Ծ糡ΪȨƶȱµġԡԴһʵǾȨռ䱾ͺխԵģǷԵġ˵ijַײ͵ĴĻΪȨȨĻѵԶεôҲĻϵԶʵڵı֤ǵķλȨΰȨIJĽ

Ȼǻǿͬ⣬͸ԣǡũߵȰղͬ廮ֵԱû򱻶ο£ߣΪҲ糡ɷ֣ԲԾ糡Ϊķ롣ѧߡʵҵԱͲͬˡѧߣָġѧѧߣʦְҵʾ棻˵ø׼ȷЩȨеġնɫȨϷԵʦߡʵҵȨᾭÿһͳƽṹϵʧ⣬ԽǮȡȨijϼΪǵΨһѡ󣬹ԱȻȨλȺ塣ΪˣDZȻֱζƴ֡ôͬʱʱʱܵвһȺڹŵȼĸϵΪ桱еġݡоĶǡһʡ

ѧߡʵҵ߻ǹԱԾ糡ΪĹͬǶ˸ijΪߣ۳ںֶΡݡʱǰѹΪ󡱣ְΪij켺ĴڣΪߡһ棬ΪѡΪߡԼҲġߡ˷˶Աʵķ񶨡

ʱij忴νֺ

Ը˵Ծ糡ΪпܴʱġݡϷڻΪijƣƭ˷չΪƭƺһʶƵḶ̌Եĵ֪Ǵ𡣵ǶԴ˻ȱ㹻оִҲܶԴ

˵Ծ糡ΪķٵαϵĽһ̬ߣ׼ȷؽ糡ΪһϷΣƶȺϷΣı˵αĻôαͬ塢αɲԾ糡ΪȨתľ޴ϰһתѾʼźš

Ȩɵʷ

ѧԣԾ糡Ϊձ֤ȨȨɵʷ֮ĶԣijԶԲ׽ྭķḻ븴ӡͬʱҲһɷܴ⣻ͲоܹյĶ󡣾ִ֪ѧлûڷۿܣԭܼ򵥣ȱġˡ˵ҪΪǡ

磬?˹佻Ϊ۹УȽΪͣĿΪ淶Ϊ糡ΪΪԾ糡ΪIJȻߡ1Լ?޶˹ġۡġ塷ڷѧ˺ܴӰ죬۶ǰȴһڡִġᡱ2ڡ塷һл˺ܶƪ۵ġصʶ3Ȩȫһ⣬ΪȨиͲڡԶԪۡʵصʶȻ޴̸

Ӹɲԣ޶˹ڡ塷жԹɵĽ綨4ȨIJ಻˵Ծ糡ΪĴڻѾ֤ᡢǸ˾ǵIJɣϣƺΪԼΪҪƶȡȻһ棬ƶȹҪȥı䣬Щ󱳺ܵȻظиıʹʵϣǡǡЩԾ糡ΪʢȺθı磬ԶԸġޡʸ񡱡ݡ糡ΪȺȣ

һṫɣߣ˵һṫƶѧǰ辿ڨDDԾ糡ΪĴʹDZ˼⡣Ӧ˵ĿǰԾ糡Ϊƶȱоոտʼоýḻ۹ڡΪΪĴͳ綨ͣ٣֤Ϊ뻥ϵĶ븴ԡǻоΪйȨиɡȨʷԼ̵ѧ̽ṩصӽǣΪԾ糡ΪĴڸǣԶdzģҪʵȨͱ̽ȨᲡѧʣҨDDʵϨDDսŤɵṹƶзʽ

ǵйӦü縺һʵϣоĺϷΣйȨϾʵˡٻй۽ĺϷԡ

עͣ

1J?Habermas:The Theory of Communicative ActionΪۡBoston, Beacon Press, 1984Vol,1ԡ3ڡ

2Լ?޶˹塷룬Ͼֳ2000棬ƽװۡҳ271ҳ36

3ͬϣ4

4޶˹Ľ綨£һԼ໥ԷһƹĵһɵġڶԼΪЧҪ֤֮Դ˵ΪԼʸǵƶҪԷչǵƹܹǵĸĿĸ𣬶һӰ쵽ǸҪۡ塷1ҳ3034

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