ΩԸƽˮʹ罭ϣ

 

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ޣնī˹˹
--ոס¸밢صһʼ

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˵ͼǰĶѨƩ᳹ij"չ"һں¸ ġͼѧ˵еõ꾡Ϊһ˵䳨ġڹʵεۣeidosγһɹɵ硣ߵʹһпԿ ڹ֮⣬̫ΪϣΪѧǶij˼
˵Ƕչij˼
ά˹ƴֹۿѧΪ""ֶ̫ĿһϣԵ˼ǰ ᡣһϣ񰢲ոʽѧػѧĸ"ʶԼ"ǵ¶쳵İϵոװһԵ"ʶԼDZ߶"תΪ"ʶ"ΪʶĿʼ-ѧĻ·ѧڵ֮DZޱӻΪյѧDZսͲߣ ڡĵԾҰ˹񰢲޶λԴոʽ յͳελ
Ƿˣѧڵ֮ľֻΪʵֵۣΪֵӰ ЩֵĶͲ迼ǣʵϣʹڰͼո׶ԻУ ҲֻϡӰ񡢶붴ڡ֪ʶĶ֡Ҫˣ ͼڡ硷͡쳶ࡷзһɼĶ
ո׶԰"ʶԼ"ĵתһ"֪֪"еġ ϣڽ̿еĻȷ-˵ּ֣Уʳ˵ʳϸֿ ʶԼıԣμΤϡϣڽ̡ո ʶԼıԾɡ硷ж֣ͬͶ ˶˵IJʶֶ֣ʵҪij֪ʶ ֪ʶ
ΪԲߣ֮ΣӶҲܱΪѧ ôڡ쳶ࡷж겻֤οܣǣѧΪһɱѧϰѧ ϰĹۿΪλʹһѧϰòܣѧһɱΪƾ ɱѧ귴Ϊģ
ڡ쳶ࡷУո׶Щ֤ôţЩ֤ѺͿ 㡣Ϊȷʵ֤Ҫʱ䣬Ҫ֤Dzģ֤ ᱻϡΣո֮Ϊѧı绤벻֤ ν"˫Լ"Ťᣬڵؾ˺ζѧޡ
ĸ֣ʹѧΪܡĿɾд֮
ʵϣ˶ȷе֪ʶҲһ"֪֪"겻֤еĹ ֮㣬༴֪ʶԣڡŵеõ֤ġո׵֪Щ DZͳκӰ֪ǾԵĺڰͲ֡һ֪ո׵ ԴͷκӰвһΪֵ֪α֪ģ
֪磩Ե֤ǡǡȡڵڤlethe񻰡 ͽڤ磬ڶɹʱɥʧ˶ǰһеļ䡣Ϊ һж֮Сڵµĺڰ֮УDzɼģĺ Ǵߡȷе˵ǾԵرͼһΪѧ߸˹
֤ûһ֤겻DzģʵϻһϵĶ ֲͬĵߣ硣
һ磬Ȼڶ߸˹תͬɹ˹ͳεڤ硣 ǡе˵һǶԾԲߵijա쳶ࡷ͡ŵһ Ҫһ֮ﻮھʱһa-letheia letheһ棬ֲûнеʧֻǽʱںڰУ
תʱܱ»ѣ
ˣոȻǶ졢չij˼ѧDZػģ ѧȴԷǹΪǰᡣͼûкһֵ䱾 Ϊ

֮ϵİڶߣǽ֮նī˹ѧϣʼٸߺ¸ ǰѧǻ̻ģ˼ľΰڶɣһԲ֮
ڡʱ䡷ڵͼĶԻϸλģͼѧ ˵֤ʱ䡷ĴڣͼԻе໥ӦҪע ǣڲһʵ壬ͼ겻Ǻ""һڲռ乹 ǰ磬ҲԶ""Χ- -硣ڵijٺͷDZĴ״̬൱ڡǰڶѨʱӰ磬 ڵijϺͳﻮǶԶѨ߳ڻ䱾ԵԵ""Ӧš ࡷе"ѧѧϰ"֪ٻǶո׵ĻӦڴڵ ʣԴ˵ԶŵģʵԶġܺ¸ Ϊ""һߵϣ˵ıԲȫͬΪϣ еıָ֮˵ڰͼԻԶѧϰIJꡣʵ ϣ¸ͼһ壬ȥ壬Ǵڻꡣ
¸ͼڣȻͼһʶa-letheiaе 磩֮letheΪǰᣬletheΪ¸ͼʹ˼Ӱ ػĹۿѧΪɺնī˹ػİڶߣԴĽѧ֮а ɡ·˵Ʒǵ·ԿǶһ֮׷ ١׷ڡʱ䡷׷""֪ŶԺɶֵĺʫ ͱ硶ĽΪʽ϶ĺڰ޹ĵ֮ У˱Ϊ""༴дڶɭ˵֮ľֺС
ͨa-letheiaеlethe»ѣ¸ͼͼ ֣ϵ磬磬ǿΪ֮ĽΣڶѨӰ磬Ȼ ¸֪ͬʶ֣ԴϵӰscheinȴе֮ һӿ֣ӵ³ϵӿ֣physis,ӿΪһҲӢı
֡仰˵ԴϵΪӵµ֮ӿ ֣Ӣ簲ϵΪǵΪдӵ֮ ӿ֪ʶԴڶӿֵ۵ľ죨ѧ֮Դ򾪿֣Ϊ ڶɵ˼֮ԴǶӿֻȻߵټ׷ʺȥΣҲǺ "ӿְ"ĺ塣
ȥεḶ́ڰͼѧϰΪߣѧϰǴӽ bildung˽̻ڵҲ""˼붯ıʲͬ еĹܹ壬ֹԴ˶֮񡣰ա ࡷֶ֮񣨲ǶԵ룬ͶȥвŻò࣬
¸˵ıԡ
¸½˼ĺ壺Ϊڶɵ˼ǻӿе ľ֣Խİصij򣬴Ӷö幹ѧǻ۱ֻ ǻ۵İһ˼Ҳһͨ˴ճƽ״̬дӿе δ֪ͺڰСǺ¸ۼʱ˼"ޱ"

ϣĹڽУû겻֮˵ʹŬıԵڽ ʽУҲûʾһ¹û봫ͳڤѣΤϡϣ ڽ̡ڶ˹вſʼһҪ׷Ծȵۣͽͨʳ Ѱͳһ겻ֻǵո׸"֮"ѧſʼȫ

ǣλȻλ֣Ȼеϵ ༴ڼУڼߵĻҽС԰֮Ǻ˹ᣬػżе ߡ
ڡ˵˼˼ҡĵطDZڰڱ֮أɼ ·סҵķԵģڳǰԻշΪڳǰĹռ Уһж̸ͨlogosͬ
¸˼û̫ңĽ˵̫Ķʹڶԡ ĽУ¸Ҳǿ˵"ڼ"ľԣΪˣִˣ ޼ҵġ𣿰طһ㡣
ΪԸ֮ǰһλҲǼʹǰΪܡһ棬 ΪȻҪڰڱΪ˽Ȼϣвûϸϵ˽ 򣩣һ棬Ҳĵطĵط˸ԣÿһ ʹж͹ΪܡڰؿжֻdzԵչֻʵ֡仰˵ǿ֮ͨңԲŽ뵽УΪչ׿Խ Եǰᡣ
һպǺ¸ä㡣¸˼ʹʵȻոʽ ˷Χڣû˼ȻͲɼģдڵټҲ ͬDzɼġ˼""""ĸһλãȴδ ⡣IJɼʹΪǰ֮Ŷij˼ߣIJɼһʹ˻üҵ ԣһҲΪ˵ԣܰ빫¸ ˼ʹԶ˹ض""˼򽫲ɼеڶɵɼ СڶɵнǼ˹ᡣ
뺣¸Զdz˫ֵģں˹̸бȻҪἰնī˹Τ ˼Ϊʲôϣ˵ڽУնī˹ܻͬȫ޹صĺ˹ͬʱ֡˵ ڼΪһյġںڰĿռ䣬Ҫһ˶ʹܴԽ߽磬ڿռ ƶͨеÿһ㡣Ϊڶĺնī˹˶ҵı߽磬ˡ˽ڤϵ
˵¸ֻ˼ӹĵڶɣôԼΪ 飬ʵ˴䵽ķڶɡְڶɣǰġɼ 빫Ĺ֮Сܷѧʲôأƺ˵˼벻ѧϰ ѧϰѧϰڹ

һ2001127ڱ
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˼飬˵նī˹ĽӦߣû˵ôӦġҲѲ "ڶ"Dzɣʹնī˹ͨʽӦģ"ڶ"ҲΪһʫԵ


physis

ظ:ʫѧ
Ӱͼѧϰ¸""ٻ֮ԿǿеģԺ¸ ضԿڲִٺͼ򵥡
УѧϰΪ֮⣬бĿ
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ظ:лphysisʦ
лʦƪֻһʼǣʱȡΪһ˼ıʼǡ ԵijɷݵȷȽ϶࣬Ұ뺣¸Ķ̫ˣԺлչɡ Цˡ
ҺͺǷȴDzһģȻѧǺ㻹Զ 룬ߵ·һǺ¡ѧ˵ǻۣdzȻЩ ⣬Ҫó컹кܳ·
⣬ѧϰΪѧϰѧϰһ¡˼Ͷ˼ ϵӰDzͬģǰ׹ϸ廯ij˼dzΪùǰᡣ


һ

˳Ƶıʼǡݸ壩

˴ֲھġ־鲢Ӣۺʵ֤ʽľ飬༴Ǻ¸ ˵""ϵİﵱֳɴڵԾ飬۾顣˱ĵ ֱ۶ǵģֱۿѧģҲǴټԵģֱп" ѧ"𣿶"�"ֵÿǵģ""ڳġ
ζѧ꾡д졷뱾270-272ҳݲ漰

ܱ˵Ĵڵʵģڻÿе˳ƾ顣˳ƣ" "ľ綨ԣͬ˳ƾٻͬ硣ԽЩͬ ľֱΪ""""""""Լ""ľ飬ַಢһֶ Ի֣ǡǡ෴ǷֱŲͬ罨ʽ

""ľΪ罨ʽճ�"Ϊ""Ҫ"" ""ϲ""Ҹе"ĶĺͶ߲ơЩԿԱΪ" ˼""Ҫ"ʽκжϣ"ǡ"У"˼"ΪжгֵǸ ͹࣬ǿϵ""һ""áµ˵""
θĴʶҲκжеĴʽṹ¸˵"˼"ڴ൱" άϵ"DZDZʽʹһбΪܣʱ䡷뱾364 ҳǰ¸˼루ѿ¡ڸɺͺУ"˼"Ȼ ɻ⣬Ϊʵ塣ʵϣ"˼""Ҫ"Ϊ"άϵ"ʵϿԻԭ
Ϊ"Ҫάϵ"ֻ־һ̬һ屾ѧеõ˵

"˼""Ҫ"Ľṹڲѧ"-"ϵĻṹΪ""Ķ ֻ""ȷ֤һŵн黷ڶѣ""ʧ""ͬһ֮УҲ ά˹˵"鱩"Ի־ṹǶԡԺͬһԡԾ "-"ϵԣζŸ֪ڸ֪˼Ƿ˼־"־־"ͬһ
ԣζŷֽṹгֵ߶ҹġҪʧҵ"⻯- "ʷʫеĻڶѡ

"˼"ԣ""Ĺжϻ⹹ɵķ߼ϵʿ£ Ҳ޵ķԣ""ɵı֤ϵڸɶıֱ۹ ɵĽѧϵ"Ҫ"ԣ""Ĺ;Сһ棬˵ĹBildungӦΪ""ΪʹܵԽ˵
ǽ̻ʹԿܣƷֱıʣһ棬˵Ŀ¿˵ ض"־"Ķ壬ɶ־ľܳ⡷ھϺж֡е" ˼""Ҫ"һչ硣

ڶ""ľУԷDZΪһսʧͬһе""ǹΪһ һԶӺͽ̸Ŀ׽ˡԷ""ľѣֵܽãǰˣ ѣһɽӽͽ̸ЩͬĶԷֱӦ֮ѪԵ֮֮ ֮ʥ֮ľ飬λĵĹͬϲá""ľ໥Եģ༴
ҰѶԷΪ""ͬʱԷҲҽΪ""׽ijȡ˾ Ѱ֮⣩ǷεģҪһɾ빹ɵĹռ䣩

""ľһŵԭ¡衢ӭټпԱ֣ŵԭ¡ͻӭ ԵġŵһľԼǾʵģɲο׾ġ ġ˫ͬеδķաԭ£ΪΪ˸裨for-giveǰ (fore-give)ΪʹԷΪIJнѳ¿ʼء˵
ġԭº͸裬ŶԷΪһ""˸Էdzһ־ ԵĿġڻӭټۣοwelcomeadieuĸ˲ֱͣμ ѧ͡ټά˹

ǣ""໥֮Уھȡij˵ԺԱɵΣա ڡζѧһעгά˹Բָ"1໥Գ ĹϵǶԸ߶ȣǶԸܵIJأ2ʽĹϵ԰ͳ Уͳһ3ǶƫϵƫǶ˽˹ϵǸIJ
ĶӵֵԵƫ"д졷뱾181ҳ仰˵໥ һ"ưΨ"ڹ׽ɻΪ"Ҫ"αʽӶȡ˵Ķ ԡܹȶڵ"-"ϵУ""ijϱ""ƺȡ ""һ𾴣һ־ij֣ζŶԷ޳Խģμﱱݽ ˡԾıʵҲڲ˼дڣڡԭʼϵԡһ ǿϵ"֮"ľΪǰģ־벻ȡ�"-"ϵҲҪʧ

""ľ飬Ծǿװ""ľ顣ܹʶ ""֮ǰȱضѾѶԷΪһ""ά˹ϵ"" "һ"ҽȻһ˸""ȫԽģܱ""ͬһԻ ѧӣν""˼顣ά˹""ͬں¸
""ڴڵ""нģҾ""ʱ䡷ڶ ʮʮ߽ڣɢڳٵƽ֮еĴԼȷһ""ں桢 ̸ɵĴ״̬б鵽ģ˴""һʹ""ɢеƽ״̬ 潫˵""˳Ƶģ仰˵ȲԼΪ""ɢ"
"֮С

ϵ""ζһֲɻԭԡԵ"ò"֮Сò ͬףǽ͹̶Ķ󣬶òȴ̶ġɲ׽ģò ˱ΪɼġDz̸ܱ۵ģ༴ԶܳΪij⣬ͱ˵ֻܡֻӦ˵Բijַĸֺĺ
òǷԵģԶźͲƷغУ ʹʷжϣò硣ԴͷҲԴ ͷ򳬳ſ塣һ;Եĸ롣 ѧά˹ϵۡʱ䡷

Ϊ˵""""𡣵""ΪһԻ־ʽָ ͹ģζѧϵۣ˹ŵɯǻϵۣ˹з򣩣ֻҵ Ի־Ͷѣǹһ"˵ѧ"""ͬһȷԵı֣ζ ѧϵ"˼"Եϵۣϵ"Ҫ"־ϵۣˣѧ ҵֻ""""ʽ֡Ի־Եģǽ Ľ̸еģ"ϵ۵ѧ"""Уϵһϵۣ ΪˣĽһ""Ľͬ ڡԭǶ""Ŀ׽Ե̵̫ľǶһΪ""""ϵ۵ľ飬Ϊϵ۲Ϊǵġ˾Ȼͬĵһ ԣ˶֮һ־η""ĽΪϵ۵Ľκ˶ ʵзģֻɱϵۼѡ֪λоġǿΪ ʷʵڵĻĽ̻壬ԴһɼġʷԵ¼̵̫ϵǴȫ Խⲿʷģ֪ǵľӵָԴDzɼġغ ""򣨼ִ빫Ϸ

ճе""ֻǶеȺֳԵᣬ""״ֳ̬ɻ һֱ壬һֻ塢ѪԵĻͬԶγɵͬʽ""ȴ Ƿֳɵģָһ־ۼɵĿռ״̬""ɹͬж;Ϲɵοռ䣬 жԷľۼDZij֪ľٻľۼ" "УÿȻΪڣ""ÿ˵ĵ·ĵط༴ǰ"" Ȳǽ֮ͬϣǡǡǽڲ֮ϣǰǸͨж ʾĶغ׿Խ

ϵ˳ƾ鹲ͬһƬ˳Ƶ֮ϡ�""ĸ""һص ༴ո˵""֪""˳Ƶģֵټ"к" Դȴܱ"к"һ˳Ƶľӣһ־Ѹںڰ ֮Сͬ""""""""ľij¼¼Ҳ˳
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˳ƵľȳȻӿʽ""""֮ǰνʾ ʽֱԵľУӿֻûнڸ֪˼򣬶DZӿֵ˾̾СֶľǴȻ֪ûüʶ ûнж϶Ϊ͸־ǶԵĹջ飬в
δΡ

¸ĴʵϹһ˳ƵΪԽڴߵĴڱض˳Ƶģ һ˳ƵԴͷڲң˳Ƶģ""Բǰ""ȷΪһ Ի־壬Ϊ""ֻһʽʡ""Ҳʹ""Ϊһ" "ʹ֮һ˳Ƶ""ԡ˵ΪڵΧ繹ɻ "Ѱ",һַǷ˼͹Ե˳ƾ飬þԽõֺͳ֣ԽԵ ӵķʽΪڵĹĹɻڣ""״̬Ҳ˳Ƶģһˣ ֲκһˣֻκ˳ɢеƽ״̬Ϊڵͱ ԵĹɻڣ֪ڸ˳ƵģDz֪ӺζҲ֪ζȥ

Dzɰ""˳״̬ͬڰ۴ͼȨʱ˵"ͳ"״ Ҳܰ˳븣µϵѧеȨغ͸µѧ Ȼ뺣¸йأȴѺ¸ֳɻˡ""Ȼdz״̬ȻǷֳ ģÿһڵճ״̬ɴڳﻮͻԵǰͻڣ ""ȴʶ̬߱߼ƶԣֳɵĹƶȡ" "ʵ˳Ƶģ""Ȼɻϣڶĸ컯Լ ͷԺʶ

Үںڸϵз˶ѵ㣬֮Ϊ"Ȩʱ"ڸ"Ȩ" ԡҲһ˳ƵԿ˲ԣһ�"дķ֪"̸һʱ ܲìܵģΪܾ֣д졷"޾ѧһ㾭 ѧ"һģά˹ڡߡֱ۵"il y a"("")һ˳Σ
ҹʧʱ鵽ľаijֱԺλУδγʶ һ˳ƾ"й"鵽IJԤԡЩ˳Ƶιϵ 汾ΪҲΪİԺߵܡǾ һЩԵĺг֣û"Ը""""ǵ"֮ĴУȱٵֻ

һ2001123ڱ

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