ΩԸƽˮʹ罭ϣ
et revelabitur quasi aqua iudicium et iustitia quasi torrens fortis

 

ᶯԱǰͬũĹϵ

(йӱʡίУв,ʯׯ
050061)
ժҪܹӰũȶĹϵУͬũĹϵҪѴĹϵߵƶƶϵİţвͻӰͬũĹϵӰũᶯԱĿǰũйͬũĹϵԽ״̬ԭǡ漰ũȨߺƶȷǷȱƹͬũĹϵȱ淶Ϊ
ؼʣᶯԱʽȨβ룻ƶȻ
ͼţD663 ױʶ룺A ±ţ

ܹӰũȶĹϵУͬũĹϵҪѴĹϵߵƶƶϵİţвͻӰͬũĹϵӰ־ũ˳ʵ֡ԴᶯԱĽǶȣһµǰͬũ֮Ĺϵ״̬̽ĸԴڴ˻ԼһЩԲԽ顣

һᶯԱĴСȡ֯㱻Աʵij̶ȣ֯뱻Ա֮Ĺϵ״̬
ᶯԱһѧָ־õġҪصӰ£̬ȡֵȡȲϷ仯Ĺ̡ᶯԱЧȺȣȡᶯԱݺʽϿᶯԱҪ㱻ԱߵʵΪʵһ뱻ԱʵᶯԱܳ־áйǰڹĽ30ʱͬһҲڽᶯԱҲϣõڵ֧֡빲ͬ񵳶ֵ֧ĸӦúǵ׷ǵ䣬ʿָԱһٿڵҪҲûƶܹͶȺںøߣһʼᶯԱͺܵ͡رǵսڣ񵳴ũﶯԱԴĿԱԽԽС1947꣬Ϲ񵳶Ŀƴﵽ˿ս̶ʱ˰ȴֻ൱194257%Ϊͳũ˰[1]˵ͳũһˣͶѹ񵳵ֻðҹ䣬һ˯˿ţ޽䣬˯еץγյǣʱᶯԱڲߡսۣ֧ǰս886ˣ൱ڹȫ½վ˵սũСƳƳġĺͬ־һʤʵֻƽɽأһξͲξ1500ˡᶯԱ֮˵IJԭڣũ棬ʼհũҪġΪʵᶯԱҪԽƶǧũصĿũĺø֧֣ʹũһõĹϵ״̬֮Сй󣬵ũɹؽ˼δᶯԱرֵһ80ǵũегΪȡᶯԱζԱԽͥаơʵũӪȨΪҪݣ˵ʱũԾϵȨ󣬴ӶصũԢ١ɴ˿ɼ֯㱻Աij̶ȾᶯԱЧҲ֯뱻Ա֮Ĺϵ״̬
⣬ᶯԱʽҲһ̶ӰŶԱЧԱʽԱķʽֶΣı仯仯ġһʷʱõĶԱʽһʱھпܲá磬ڸսʱڣȺ˶ʽĶԱʽ֤֮ЧģᵽƽʱڣֶԱʽᵼԴ˷ѡ绯˶ĸʱڣйƵĽѵˣ֯߻뿼ʱһµĶԱʽԴﵽ޶ȵᶯԱ
ũᶯԱʵʵ̣ܿҺũʵϵ
ĹڹҺũϵоУһҪȰѹҺũĹϵΪһ֯ṹĹϵȻоʽ֯ṹУʵֵġ磬ԴίᡢίũĿƵȵȡо־ֿι᳹ʵʩġһ־̬оַҲ䳤ȱҲԶ׼ġҪľDzڿҺũ񾿾һֹϵ״̬֮УӶȷҺũȷϵ־ũʵ⡣ν־ũʵ֣ҪָҵĸũĹ᳹ʵ൱㷺ģƻߡ˰ߡߵȵȡÿһߵĹ᳹漰ͬũĹϵرչͳ
ͼƻЩ漰ũ£Ӱ쵽ͬũĹϵ̬شӽЩ־ھũܹʵֵģɴ˵óƹҶũĶԱǿ߹ҺũϵǢĽʧƫġΪǿȨ֮Ҳʵֹ־δرҺũĹϵǺгġʷϣǰڶʮͶʮȡ塢ӶũҵũļչҵȻʵ˹־ʹҺũĹϵڼȽŵ״̬֮
ΪȽϿѧһķǰᶯԱũʵһʵ̣УᶯԱũʵֵģйҶũԱĴСԼ֮Ĺϵ״̬ж̬оǸܸӵḶ́ǿԲȡоķҲͨҺũijһ¼ֵ̬Ⱥȡж˵֮ʵϵǿԲȡũоաͳزġ
ũաͳһзȨġũʱɡͳũӦ񡣰һĵط涨ũɶ١ʲôʱ֮ũ񰴹涨ˡʵϣͨʽȨʹԱũɿķʽũԽԽڽ룹ԺԡеĵطֿΪеĵطũֽڸɡͳ,ȨתѡܶɲøɲѵѸɡı£ںܶطɲʹʽĹȨʵҵ⣬ʹһַʽĹȨַһǵطȨ磬ЩļУ͹涨ʹǿֶΣԶùץˡ԰ӡǣţǣȡõȨڷûй涨ʹΥġũǵķʶߣҲ˽ûȨǾĬЩ涨Щ涨ںܶطͳ˾쿪žЭɲ˰ѵ龰һǿȶټϸũƽ裬ɲַʽȨʹķʽˡڻɲDzȡһַʽȨʹʽƽʷĹУӴһʵİӱ׹ʱһ60ũұӦý50ﻨȴֻ30ʣµ20ô˵ũҲˡ޿κεʱɲ˵һ仰ҲҵģͰҵҪģвУͷ⻰Ͱʣµ20ﻨҲ[2]һΣǻɲӰǵʱȡһֱͨ취
𣿶ͱȽһô˵ҲϣֲܶӲģɲҪ񣬾ֻܶԴ˵иǸʲô٣ͨ˵һ£ũѸýɵĽˡûֹϵأǾһַʽ㲻Dzܵ°ɣ˵֤ҲãĺҲã˽֤ɲǼDz˵һ¾Dz졣㻹ܲɣ
ȨʹķʽȻԱũʵ˹־ʵʵĿǰũйʽȨũĶԱ½ˣܶũԹȨ淴͵ִʹɲòѰʽȨ֮ԴıĽȨΥʽʹȨַʽʹĹȨϿũԹҵЭʵǹȨũòǻɲԭȨʹʽòһֱͨ״ͬսʱũԸǮ֧Ԯǰγɾ޴󷴲ַ˵ǰҺũĹϵѴڽ״̬֮С
ũᶯԱԭƶȹ
ͬũϵŵԭҪһǹҴũߵù࣬ũ֧٣أǵʵܵӰ졣Щطũ壬ũ񸺵ѾӰ쵽ũҪԣԺѽ·ʮļļũ񸺵ʼռ
ܶоιڵط͵ԭϡΪʶȫԭ߲ЭԵһǹԺҪطũŲϡ磬ŸƽꡢũŸС꣬ȵȡЩڻʵЩǸũǡǡǸũӸΪܶձ׼󳬳ĿǰйũչˮƽʵʣطIJһֺޣóǮɸָ߱׼ա磬ijʡһطĽҪũСѧٳҪ200׵ܵٳϵͭģҪĴҡԶǹ԰ǻ԰ȥ԰Щ߱׼Ҫ󣬻ҪǣֻũҪǮ
ϱ߲ЭĿ໥ͻʹõط쵼ЩҪǰΪѵľأDZѡ񡣶еġ١ȨԴϼ쵼Ȩģʽ£쵼ѡĽDzʵΪԻɲԣԺļҪ͸ŵĴҪвͬԤڡҪȥˣũIJ˴ֱӵĺôάũȶһġãҪȥˣܻũĸũIJԼϼҲӡˣһּáгϳɱȨ⣬ʹ൱ĻɲлȥɸּԼҪ֮
ھгũβ⡣ʵʩũᶯԱĿģ޷ϣũжʵֹ־ûũ룬ᶯԱ˵ʧܵġΪᶯԱĽ---ũβȴпܵũIJȶ͢о֣ᶯԱβͲȶ֮ϵᶯԱǵˮƽǣתеЩҪöࡣˣǵʵܷ棬γɺ֮γһࡣֲ۸УʹҪ󣬲βЩҪҵƶȻ̶ȺܵͣҪѻ򲻿ͨϷԱҲϵڲõۺϣôβ᲻[3]ˣչйڶԱũͬʱʵҲƳɱӵķաһ棬ҽҪũĻ룬һ棬ֵũũ᲻ȶ֮䣬ҴŶѡ
ӹҺũϵʵֲ̬ȶĸԴũ뱾ũ񲻶ȶڣһϵƶȻˮƽ£ûӦƶȰŽũIJ뷨ƹũIJνϵͣĺϷСɸܡ¢ϵķգʹũIJ봦һ״̬
ڶϵĹͨͨijЩɲĹ壬鲻´鲻ϴũܶϷҪͨϷԱɢĸũ֯ܵͣյԴ٣ȱ֯Ҫ֪ʶ漰ũߵƶӰСˣǶҪϵڲõۺϡģйũĴͳطũġ¡ͻìܾڻûӰ쵽棨ȶ߰ŽᣩʱͲҺũĹϵԿǣôⳤڵò£ũпı;¸ҹԱĽԼüƽòũ񣬸ĻѡϷãҲȡƫΪȡũIJΣͬʱҲũIJȶ
ġƹҺũĹϵ߹ũᶯԱȱ淶Ϊ
ִָ͢ԵԴdzУΰԴũ塣[3]P419Һũϵڽ״̬ö֮ȻɢӰ͹ȨȶˣйִĹУӸƹͬũĹϵԵõũ֧֡
ȣҪעЭŵߣͳһӦӺսԸ߶ȶԸߵƶָ,
ǽƶȡƶȴӦ㣺һǷܷͬͻִִ߲׼̨ڶܷͬһµ£֮ЭԣǷͬĿͻͻ߲׼̨ӦеְⷽܡȨƶߵŶԣƶ漰ũʱҪܷΪ׼ڳҪɲȡ֤ʽȡũרҵũ׼̨ҪоӦԸõũʵʵ̨߳
ΣҪͨũʵͨũǸƹͬũϵʵũȶЧ;ҹڸĸڣũʵؼͥаӪʵũӪȨгΪҪݵĹ㷺ᶯԱʹũԼ뵽гĸĽʱũŵIJȶDZأҪһЩɲũĹӦƵҪЩȨı˽ԴȻӻƲ²Ȳ֮磬Ӱ˸ȺϵʱΪάũȶȡҪʩũͨũʵлֱƶ,ѡ١ߡලһƶϵĴ¿˷˾гڴ弶֯ΧڵIJ֮⣬һ̶ϸ˹ͬũĹϵȶũҪá
ʵũ᲻ȶвơݱߵĹ۲죬ҪԭũЩطرƷ÷չȽϿĵطũΪгû壬ѳ˴弶֯ķΧڴ弶֯ΧѲܻýũҪ߲εIJ룬߶Իڹʼմڴ弶Ȩ֯ƶȻӰȶԼģʶΪֹδӦƶȰţũͨʽ;ʵDZ˵ġ
ͨũҪ֣
һҪũƶȻˮƽǰҪϽũβӦƶϵеġл񹲺͹ίԱ֯ҪǴ弶֯Χڴɲʹ֮ĹϵҪǴԴ弶,IJ,Ŀǰûзȷ涨ȱⷽƶȰţũ𽥷չIJҪѹˡýƵƵعһ쵼Ϊ㻨ӹ̣ʹũũ޿κֻϷûýǶԵǰũƶȻˮƽ͵һܺдաΪӦũ߲εIJҪ󣬹ӦͨũķΧӴһһũĿռ䣻ͬʱӦũ֮䶨ڹͨԻʹ֮ƶȻũˮƽ
ڶ÷ɻũ棬ӦƶйũũҵЭᡢũҵȷķɣϷĵλũŴũҪͨڷڵIJһʹũͬƽȵĶԻԹƶȡߵƶӰ죻һԱͬũֱӽӴͻӶͶ֮Ĺϵũȶ˾ִ棬Ҫ湤һҪӴ˾Ƹĸȣ˾дڵIJµȲ֮͸󣬽ũϳɱǿũԷɵģҪǿũķũ֪طũ÷άȨʶԼԾзʶ ο
[1]
Lioyd.E.Eastman,֪룮ʯ뽯(ԭӡ)
[k]й磬1989.107ҳ

[2]ƽ̡¼йũйҡũϵʵ̬ۣģݣ1999תԡ˼ľ硷ѧվ
[3]()Ѷ͢е[D]ij磬198855ҳ

Research the Relationship between State and Peasants
from the Ability of Social Mobilization
YangFu zhong
(Teaching and Researching Department of Political
Science and Law of Hebei Provincial Committee Party
School, ShiJia zhuang, 050061)
AbstractAmong all the relationships that can
influence the stability of the social political
situation of countryside, the relationship between
state and peasants is the most important, but the most
difficult to deal with. If the formulation of policy
and the arrangement of system are inappropriate, the
relationship between state and peasants will be
influenced, and then the social political mobilization
in the countryside will also be influenced. Nowadays,
the relationship between state and peasants is
relatively in a tense, which results from the
inadequacy of the policy and system concerning
peasants rights and interests. In order to improve
the relationship between state and peasants, first of
all, governments conduct must be regulated.
Key words: ability of social mobilization; official
power; political participant; systematization


߼飺
ң1967---У壬ӱʡеˣ1992ҵںӱʦѧϵѧʿѧλΪйӱʡίУвʦڶѧ˶ʿоѧ
ͨѶַʯׯ·9йӱʡίУв
룺050061
ϵʽ031196151851949
email: [email protected]

(ķڡѧ20013)