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ڣѧĽѵʧڵʩ


ս, ʩشǡʧڵ֪ʶӡ,κʱ,1933Ժɴͬۡ¹ѧ߷(D. van Laak)˵,ʩȷʵ֪,,ΪǿʧڵĹȥ,ǡǡΪμǵǶʧڵĹȥע1ʮһͳйʩȰʩصؽΡ͡Ȩ߾ϡԴ,ֵעһǰʩصѧһϵѧ,ͼԵѧʩءڶǰʩص˼ʷϴķʽָΪκʱںɴʱ,Ͽ⵭ʩ뷨˹˼ɴεϵ,õѧװһִκ͹رС˼ҡ ( http://www.tecn.cn )
.(Heinrich Meier)ġ.ʩصĽѵ:ѧѧ(³ơѵ)һƳϼ档ġѵһ鱻ΪΪֹʩءѧϸµо֮һԶ߿ԻӦôоóʲôʵĽȴһĿDie Lehre Carl Schmitts,Lehreһֿۡѧ˵̻塱ѵȶֲͬĽ͡νLehreһʳΪѵһӢ߲ɵ(Marcus Brainard)ҪԵĵһ⡣ɵ½͵,ԼΪѵһӢ뱾ѡˡThe Lesson of Carl Schmitt뷨,ΪӢҲһʿԱLehre,ʩ̡Сѧʲô,κһĶ߶ش⡣ע2ʩжô,ڲʱ,йᄈĶʩظˡʩصй߻߸ȥʩء̻塱͡ѵ֮?йضʷеĶ߿ԻӦʩ̡ĶСѧʲô?ЩǵйʩȡӦԵ⡣ ( http://www.tecn.cn )

һ.ѧȫ

ּһʩر˵λӽȥʾij۱󱳺ʩءʩصѧһѧֿ,ΪѧѧһԼ͸Լ,ǴһеؿҲ˵ڡѧѧ֮䱣ָĶԳԡע3ʩԼû۹ѧһԴ,ҲûжʩѧĻΪ,һʾ,ڶж ( http://www.tecn.cn )
ָ,ѧıղijϵ,漰ȷͿ϶һ뱣һ,λѧҾͱ뽫۵ĸҪԼж,۽ij˳ӽʷжΪ,һۼҪڶʥʾ֮,ͲɱԤϵ۵Ȩ˳ӽԼɴ˲ʷжҪԡԤԼΪۼҵ,ǡλѧͬĽѧߵ𡣡ע4ʩѧĵһֹε֪ʶ,޹صġʾ,вɵȨ,ΪϵȨ,֪ʶȨǰ,˽ܽ,˳ӡѧĵһ档 ( http://www.tecn.cn )
ѧĵڶ,һƵѧҵ,֪ʶ˳ӽ,һĻΪԼжѧۺжһʩһԵġԴ˱ʾ˶ʩصļӺ֪ʶءж˼ҵһϡһᡱ?жۼʼʵǵĻ?ָ,ʩκɴʱڵʵ,dzijֻʵΪ,ɴʱڵʩ˵ΪٶΥ,ȥ,,ʵδ̫Сˡʩصһ²ǶоΨһеij㡣ǴʩѧۺΪһԳ,ǿ,ʩ˼ϼ,뷨˹ɴӡ,һʱͿżʧ,ѧʵʮŷλΨһܵжޡ ( http://www.tecn.cn )
1927ʩطѧ֮,ܵӦе,һѧѧڽṹԵøߡ(Hermann Lubbe)ָ,ִ()˲ȫڽ,ѧѧεIJͬƹϵ,˻γɲͬѧע5ϸ(Ernst-Wolfgang Bochenforde)ֲͬѧ,ǷֱǷѧѧ(ѧĩе׵Ĺҷ),ƶȵѧ(ȨȨ)ѧ(ӻ̽׹)ע6ڷǻ̴ͳĹҲڡѧļʶ̬ѧ,Ϊһֱѧڽ̡ϵ桰ʷɡԵĸ䡱,ʾǡ,Ľ˳ӵġж ( http://www.tecn.cn )
ʩѧȫѧĻ,Ҳѧȫݡּ˵ġεġȫռС(total claims)γʩѧɫΪΡʵĵ,ġ⡱͵ġ֪ʶĿǶƷ,ˡεıʹһֻβ˵ʵйءʩصġΡȫ(total politics)ʶ̬ѧҲȫεʡʾĹڵֵ֪ʶεȫݡϵȨ,ʾġʷɡҲʵ,˵ġľʥθһеĸɡʩصѧ,ڽ̡Һͳһ֮һ,ʶ̬ѧ,һʶ̬ҺҲͳһ֮Сξֳܡѧһʶ̬Ƶκ ( http://www.tecn.cn )
͸ʩصѧ,עȫ档رעʩصġεĸ,ⲿ1927,1932Ҫ޶,1933޸ġΪ,ⲿʩصѧȵһʩغʩ˹:ĶԻ,оʩ19201930ιָ,ʩصιںʩ˹½½İжԻ(ʩԼûг)γɵġע7ڡεĸ1927汾,,Ҳֻеһ¡õƽ,ӦԼϱ׼ƶ,,򽲡ס,򽲵ǡѡע8Ϊ,ʩؽʩ˹,޸Լθڡεĸ1932汾,γΪŹʼȺжԳͻ͹ڲͬȺжԳͻԼ˵һرǿҡĻ״̬ ( http://www.tecn.cn )
ʩءΡǰǡˡֻе˵,Ż,˵,εĿ,ֻڵ֪,βžСʵԡ,ʩ,εĻǹڵ˵֪ʶ,ֻҪ,ͱȻйڵ˵֪ʶε͹ڵ֪ʶ嶼ijֲɵġʾ,˵˼۵ĽһʾȫȻĽܾǡָ,ʩضӽ塱˵,ǡսʵΪ֮,ֿĹһ֪ʶ֮,ȷֱѵ֮Сע9,һΪ,һ֪ʶ,һ񡣡,֪ʶռĵλáע10սֽ״̬²ȡΪȷֱѶ֪ʶ,ǰǹڵ͵IJɱ֪ʶ,ǹ˭ǵĵ˺˭֪ʶβ֪ʶ,λ֪ʶǹԼĴڱʵ֪ʶ,ֻ֪˭ҵĵ,Ҳ֪Լ˭ ( http://www.tecn.cn )
ʩضĴŲ,˵ĵ,ΪεĶDzΪ,ɨŸΪ,еΪ,ϵ۶˵,ҪŮ˵ĺΪ,ĺŮ˵ĺҲ˴Ϊ𡣡(͡3:15)ʩڡεĸȡʷ֤ȫڽսʱ(Oliver Cromwell)˵,ġȻ,ĵ,ϵ۰Ѷ˵ĵŽСʩذѿһ޵,ŵʥһ,սһжϡע11 ( http://www.tecn.cn )
֡ѧʾĽл,ҲһҪʵִСָ,ʩصѧѡ塱ִ͡СΪһ,Ųֻһѧ,һ֡Ρѧ,(ʩصѧ)ǰʾáȥֻǡá,ǰʾ͵Ρִж,(ʩصѧ)ԼһּжϵʷΪ,һֵ֪ѵʷΪʩ,κѧDzɷָ,ͶʮκαѧҲͬ,ʩذʾηһ,ܽǺ϶Ϊһע12Ϊ,ʩҡ˼뷽ʽDz˸оһҪԭ򡣱ʩġЩ(ѧμ)ϵ,ʲôǸ˼̼?ָ,ʩصЩصġΪԡ˼붼ǴʾεġϵġʩصѧʹáΡԱԭΪһκεص㡢κʱԪϵͬһ˱γιϵǴȻġɵĻȻĹϵ,ҲǷڳ,ֻҪ˱γΡע13 ( http://www.tecn.cn )
ʩġǿȡ()Ҳһ,ʩذѵֵǿȵۺͷ,Ϻ;,ϱֵѹϵѧ,ڷӺͲ,ɥʧ֮ĸϡĵսΪϡζ,γΪһҵ,һַġάϵѡ,˼ʵŵ,ҲΰΡע14ʶ̬ѧͬԶijʥľԡҳϡ(Ҳҿж);ԡ(Ҫִ,ҲҪִС)ֵ,ͬΪǿҵġһĽ׼ɡ ( http://www.tecn.cn )
ʩصѧѧ,ʩذʾͬΪ,ѧҶԴ˸еŭ,ΪDzǺΣյġ ע15ʩرһͳϵ˼ҡʩسһص̼ͥ,,(M. Lilla)˵,ѧ˼ȫԴһ,ִǰִ˵Ļ,ڼǰѷЩˡ ע16ָ,ʩصѧܴӡ̬ȡ̵ɫȵȥ,ΪʩصΪһ½ͽ,ɽ̻Ļ岻Ȥ,һζֻԼ,νͽԼ˵㡣ע17 ( http://www.tecn.cn )
һѪָ,ʩطеһ̹ġؽѧ,̻ÿһͽ---ǽʿѧһƽͽ---һ,ڹĹ,˭˽ݶԴ,ڷҮջĩͳεĹ--ʩص̻˽񻰲?ѧҵѧƾǡ(ʥ̻ѧ˵),صܽ,ʩؽڷͷϵĵжԺͳһ̹֮ġѧܸʩصĵؽѧȻջŵһЩʩо,˵,ֱԹע18ͬʶ̬ѧҲһܸ壬ëһֹԡйԡ˼塰ܸ ( http://www.tecn.cn )
ʩصĵؽѧ̵ĹԵ,,̵ϵ۾Ȼͳ,ʩصϵһ޹صġߡʩ,ϵһʥһݵؼʾġߡ,˵ȻʼյĹذߡʩġȨ߾ϡΪ,ѳ޵˵ʥ,սж,һѰƽȫϵ,ġ ( http://www.tecn.cn )
ʩؿ,Ǹʹ˳Ϊջ߾˹.˹dzʩ1938ġ˹ѧ˵еά̹,ָ,ʩؽ˻˹Ծ(Ա)ͷɼȨ˵(Ȩ),ʩҲѻ˹ǻͳһƻߡʩص˵,˹һɡϵۡеͳε,ԡ(civil)ڽ̷Ϊ淶,˵ϵ۴ϵۡ˹ִġƽ,̵ŷӱܵѳͻ,ӱϵ۹ڡĵսѵ롣 ( http://www.tecn.cn )
ʩصġ˹ѧ˵еά̹һ˷̵ʩصķ,ִġƽе,ųߣ̫ˡʩ˵,ֻҪоһ˹ŵɯһλ̫ˡ,̫˵Ĵġ˹ŵɯܻ˹Ľ̵,ݸڽ,ƭͽɾ,̫Ȩ,̫綼κ;òٿʩؽĽͼΪ,ڻϵۺͶսʱ,̫ˡսߵ,˹޳ΪƶȻע19ʩѧ̺ͷܵغΪһ塣ʩضĹһõѧս,Ǹֹķ̱ڡʩصķ̲ܴһϵġ塱ȥ⡣ʩذ̫˿Ϊ,ֻΪӭɴķ塣ǰ̫϶Ϊϵ۵ĵ,ѧѧҡԴ뾡Ƶķ ( http://www.tecn.cn )

.̰Ƥ˹

ؿʩκɴʱڵ,ΪʩءԡʼջеʾʽĿ־塣ֿ־ڷdzȷеϼʩѧǰ,Ҳĺע201945,ʩسԼԿԡΰʫ˵һ˵,Ǿǻ׾ӡʵġ̰Ƥ˹ע21Ƥ˹˹ĵܵ,ͷԱȽϼ򵥡˹,˹Hephaestus˶һŮ˹ࡣ˶ޱ,ȴܺ桢˹˶͸Ƥ˹Ϊޡ˹հƤ˹Ҫ˶ֻĺ,ǰƤ˹׼˶ֻ,еа,ںֻʣϣ ( http://www.tecn.cn )
ʩ԰Ƥ˹Ա,á׾,ʵԼĹȥ,ϣʱΪɴͳ𵽵֧áһֳڡʵġָ֮,ʩصġΪԼ,ȴҲǡǡʩԵҪ,˿,ʩ֮,ɴڼΪ,ʩصֻ漰12ݵĽɫ,Բֻڵ۹ʱΪ ע22Ϊ,ʩ˼,ҪԽָ绤,ʩԼ˵ġ׾,ȴʵ֡ԴΪ,оʩӦעʩ˵ġʵ,ע֡ʵӦ:һ,ʩԼѧʲôʷΪ?ڶ,ǽοʩصѧ,ǷƲʩԼЩʵʵڵʷΪ? ( http://www.tecn.cn )
ָ,ʩ1933ɴ⵳,Ӫ۹,һؼ,ΪʲôʩؼľԼѧһµ?ʩ1933ġʷʱ̡к1945ĻعжôΪġʩо,иִʩڶսڼĸ˰ΣӰΪʩر˵ǡΪ,Щ˵ʵʩԼ1945ġ̰Ƥ˹˵òҪҲ,Ȼʩʷɲ֧,ôǹĵľʩλ̰Ƥ˹ԼºΪԼΪˡ ע23 ( http://www.tecn.cn )
ʩλ̰Ƥ˹ߴû뿪νġ,ʩضԷΣյĹִʩԵĺ,ΪʩصŶԴΪ׼ġʩصĩԤ,вκвʧɫ,ʹ˱оϾ,ʹ˾״ȫ,ʹ˱ݺԵáע24ʩѧҪⶼϵԷĹִ,֡ξϡεвƻ㯵ĺƽ밲ȫŵȵȡʩԷвΪĵι۲ġεĸһ,ҲΪᴩһɡ ( http://www.tecn.cn )
вʩضԲͬĹЩûʲôϵ,ʩضǵļԵó,dz,д,ԲٶľʵЩⶼѰʩؼһķвۺԴΪĵ֮ˡ,ʩعνġ塱,˵ڲϵĶԻЭлرܷǴ˼˵ĵºξϡʩҲ,õҲͬɡָԡȵĵ¾ϡʩػľ-˼ά,õĻƵ,Ǿ,-˼άѻ,ѾܹεĹЩƻϵĶʩԵġεĵˡ ( http://www.tecn.cn )
ʩ֡ε֡Ҳͬƻϵ1922ᳫ̵1939ְɴ۹˵֡1936λӵһ֡ҵν롱ʽ,λܹԱȥ֡ʧĿ͹ƶȡע25ʩضԾ֡ս֮͡ŵѧȥ,Ͳô˾ˡڲͬʩѧǿ,ʩصࡰ桱۵㲻˵һЩð˵ʹжϡѡע26 ( http://www.tecn.cn )
ʩصࡰð˵ʹжϡ,رʩ,Ǿ,ԹҾΪĹרơյķ˹֯ƶԼԷָɺ1933,ʩڸ,ʮ͵ĹŹѾһֹҸ,ɴͳνһͳһԪṹ,Ǿǹҡ˶,Դ˶ԿġƶȡʩضԹ˽κͷʮ,,Ϊ˱֤ε,ЩɵĻ,ʵ֡ȫȻԪ׹,Ҳϵĸ˶Ĺרơע27ʩ뷨1931ġܷػߡѾ,ʩΪ,ܷʵӦǡΡ,Ҳ˵ԵΪľ,κʮ,Ѿܷĵ--ʵʵĶԪ--߸Σաʩ,ܷܡֵ,κܷͨǿͳƵȨػʵ,ʹáȫܹҡ(total state)ضԡˡʵר ( http://www.tecn.cn )
ȫܵĹѹ׼ֲ,ӦΪȨġȨߡ,ʩ˼1929ġ˹ҵıʺͷչһѾϸIJƪ²,ȴɴ۹֮ǰرʩصʩطĸǾǣЭڲͬ׼ײĹӦŬ,ҾӦ˹ʵ,˹ҲΪĵ,Ϊߵĵ,ϵġ˹ҵԴʲô?ǸԴ,īĸ˾,(һδս)ϱ˶,һЩԴʩ͵Ǹ˹һȫؿκξ׼ײij,˹ھ,ǹĻǹԱ档˵,˹ԳԽͬĶԪάҪҵϺ͹ҵͳһע28ֻҪ˹άϡ͡ͳһҪ,һ,һоúĴ۶ϧ,Ԫ׹ҵξϡ ( http://www.tecn.cn )
˹ҵξƶмʹDz,ҲǼʵֵġԪβγġҾϡ,öøȥʹҾϡȨʩʮһ,ΪʲôʼһذǡҾϡijС﷨˹֯ϸǣơԪ׹ҵ⡣˹嶮,ֻһյġʽִ֯йҾԸھ,˹͹ʲά嶼Ҫһָھõ(֯)ʩʵ,ûһǿġᶨ֯ġԳһͳ֯ʹ,ôܳΪһߡĵ? ע29ʩ˵ֹ᳹˹־֯Ǹ߶һµġԷӵרƻͼȨ֯Ȩ塱(totalitarianism) Դ֮һʩؽŵġȫܹҡ(total state)ע30 ( http://www.tecn.cn )

.˹Ĺʹ

ʩʮǿ֯ڹ᳹˹־Ҫáʩؽ﷨˹,ŷ˹һսʤ,ʵ֡Ρʩصδʻ,񡱡޲׼Ƶ,塱ʮġ񡱺͡ʲ׼ʩɴڼݹɳܵĽɫ,κʱдġƵ˼ʷ״(Ӣ뱾ΪΣ͡ʲ׼ι,ƶɡرءע31Ϊ˽ʩضк͡ս,跨1920ʩ˼δɴ۵ġɾʱڡ,ʩصġѧʱڡʩѧҪʾ,ʩغͷ˹˼ԨԴ1920ֳ,˹Ϊıʤ֮;ʱ,ʹõĴʻǡ񡱺͡޲׼ ( http://www.tecn.cn )
ʩصġ˹ҵıʷչ(1929)Σ(1923)͡ʲ׼ƹ(1928)κ깲͹ΡɾʱдġڷʱʩصʱdzעʩɸȤЩδʻ㡣ָ,ڡ˹ҵıʷչ,ʩרƹҵ,ߵġҡʵǡ˽вƲʲ׼ˡǿ֮ǿ,ڸվһ,ܾΪϲ׼,ԾĹϲ׼,ũȵȨΪ,,ʵҵ,Զܳη˹,ǻᵣķ˹һɼƻõĹ˹ҡʩس˹Ѿˡƭ,˶ԱķȨЭˡһҵľƶȡ,ˡһʺ͹ʵءʩָ,ǿһرĸʩؼ⡰˹Է˵,Ϊ,˹ǡǡʲôġע32 ( http://www.tecn.cn )
ʩسᆰ˵ָ,˹ԵIJ,ǡ⡱ʩضԷ˹Ͷij޶Ǵ۵ѧġд,Խ,ΪҺΪζս,κһжǷ,ȴһֵĶʲ׼սע33ָ,ںҺεս,ʩĿеġ,ʩػӭһСܵ()(restrainers),ֻҪ׼,ʩؿԽܸ,һ̶ע34Ϊ,ֻʩѧĵвܵõֳ͡ǡʾĽ,ͷѧѧȫͬʵĹʽ岢ȱѧԴ,ƫƫʩصѧѰҡС͡սһصļ,Ǿ,ԡ񡱡ߡ,ʹǷ˹,ҲҪѷеסʩ˵һͬĵ˾ͻγɵġΡ ( http://www.tecn.cn )
ʩع,׼Ҫ,͡Ρڳ׷ͷεĻ,ʩĿšʩز⡰˹ŵɯ¬Դ,пеһ֡γɵԭ,ġΡ,ΪҺζսʩڡΣаѡ֫ΪIJ,һʵġ,һǷʵ塰Ρָ,աʲ׼ķιҡ(1928)͡˹ҡ(1929),Կʩؼһشӷ˹ҵԽȥ¶ҵα׶˺ƭԵġڡʲ׼ķιҡ,ʩذѡԸ޷϶Ϊιҵġԭ򡱡ʩΪ,ѧϵһҪŶǴԭ,ظ˵ĻȨ,Ȩɢ໥ƺ,ȵȡʩضԴ˽¶,(Щŵ),˲,Ȩܵ,ҲͬܵơȫǼӹҵ,ܷɵı,ϸ˵,ʲ׼ķιҲκιʽľϡͬ,ֻǵһֻƽ֯ʽ(硰͡),ȴΪ,άֵƽ⡰ֻϸɵ,ͳһ档ע35 ( http://www.tecn.cn )
ʩǿ,ʲ׼ιҵƶȲξ,һʲ׼˽õļƶȡʲ׼,ԼӱܹҵĹơ,ʲ׼Լڷ,ƶҲǷεġʩؽ¶,ƶþʲ׼,ҲвƲܹDz,еľҡΪ֮Կ,Ĺҡ뽫޲׼,ЩûвƲûܹȺ,۳һ,ҪʵһĿ,롰ɫ,¶ʲ׼ιҵ׾ֶΡʩغҪκܷеġβ֡,ʲ׼ιϰ,ҵԼʽ, ԡע36 ( http://www.tecn.cn )
ʩΪļҩȫ桢ֹҼ־Ĵʩ˵,ִҪµķʽ,ķʽȨ,ҲǡȨߵľϲͨ˵ͶƱ,Ҫͨ񹫿ʩطԹԸݽͶƱ,ΪͶƱʽʵǡΨһܵεʱ,һһʩǿ,ıʽ񹫿̬֮һķˮ,ʲ׼ͶƱûdemos,ûʩΪԵ幥,ᳫȫͳһͬʡ,׼: (publicity), (acclamation)ͬ͡ʡ(homogeneity)ʩ˵ġ񡱲һ幫ɵȺ,ָڹġ,ڹ㳡ϽܼġͬȺʩؼΪ,ûֹ,û񡱡ʾͬӦȡƻķʽ,ַֻʽܱ־,ܲ弿,ѱһ,Ϊͳߺͱͳȫͬ,ԱͬһʵȺʶֵ̬Ŀ׷Դע37 ( http://www.tecn.cn )
ʩ1920Ρɾʱ,״桰ķ˹,Щκ깲͹֮ġҩ,ΪѸյġҩ,ȻʩоĽ֮һʩѧоҪ֮ȡһǴ˼˵Ĵ𰸡Ҫָ,ʱʹʩΪѧҳЩʮΪɴĿ̵֮ϵ,ӦΪһԿΪ,һµ,ڻͨԹ㷺ѧо,һҪ˼ұرѧо,˵һ˲ijɾ,ѧϵġ˲𡱲׿ʵж,ڶԺȻṩõλ½档,ʩԳơ׾,ʵĻ̰Ƥ˹,ԼѾȷͨжʶִʾʷʹ,Ǿ͸ûɰƲΪһβϵġѧCaldwellָ,(ʩѧ)ķȷ,ôʩѧҲӦΪ,Ҳκڱһ֡ע38 ( http://www.tecn.cn )
ʩصѧΪһضĸϵо,ûаʩһ㻯Ϊһ֪ʶߵ˼(DzǼ̫νȨȴͶȨʧ֪ʶ) оȡԭǸLehreһʡûáѧ˵ʩءֻô˵һֺԵġġѧʸͬġΪѧۡ(Jen-Werner Mller)˵,Դˡشʩ,Ƴʩνִۼҡ񻰡ûôΪˣѧǡǡΪʩصĶΪۡѡע39ʩսӺ˽СȦӪһԼޱ¡дϷ,ʩ˼ϵо,֪ʩصȦסע40ѧѵһʮ,ΪʩռǺصҵԿ,ʹʩ,ʩʲô˼زءע41ʩصһġˡ,ijʷ״¾йԵΪ˿ֻʩظ˹Źֵѧ,ڷɴ⵳ͽʱ,һ־ձġƽӹа񡱡 ( http://www.tecn.cn )
óѧѧԶϲһĽۡҲҪƽһѧѧ֮䣬ҪѡǺߡΨк߲ܰʵһԵġκʽ־Ρڹоκʽѧڽ̷ִ̣һǶų˵Ļɵļ˵ʶ̬ƫִǶڶԪȺԽЭ, ǼʹҲܷͬ硣ִε׺ͳҰڽ޳ȥ,ʹξϲپڽ̾ϵɫʡִҲΪִǵɴǰδеĿռ䡣ʩؿʷ仯, Ӻʷ仯ΪӺʹǸΪƽʥʩزͬҪ϶ʷ仯ʷ仯ֵ֮ÿ϶,ΪӴԺ,ҪԶ,ƽɵξϳ־Եҵξϡʥ޷һݽ,ûҪȥ໥ɱ ( http://www.tecn.cn )

עͣ
1. Dirk van Laak, Gesprache in der Sicherheit des Schweigens: Carl Schmitt in der politischen Geistesgeschichte der fruhen Bundesrepublik. Berlin: Akademie, 2002, p. 187. ( http://www.tecn.cn )
2. Heinrich Meier, The Lesson of Carl Schmitt: Four Chapters on the Distinction between Political Theology and Political Philosophy. Trans., Marcus Brainard. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998, p. ix. ʩشΪԭΪߣԭһ¼ ( http://www.tecn.cn )
3. Meier, The Lesson of Carl Schmitt, p. xv.
4. Meier, The Lesson of Carl Schmitt, p. xiv.
5. Hermann Lubbe, Aspekte der politischen Philosophie des Burgers, in Philosophie nach der Aufklarung: Von der Notwendigkeit pragmatischer Vernunft. Dusseldorf: Econ, 1980, p. 211-22. ( http://www.tecn.cn )
6. Ernst-Wolfgang Bockenforde, Politische Theorie und politische Theologie: Bemerkungen zu ihrem gegenseitigen Verhaltnis, in Jacob Taubes, ed., Der Furst dieser Welt: Carl Schmitt und die Folgen. Munich: Fink, 1985, pp. 16-25. ( http://www.tecn.cn )
7. Heinrich Meier, Carl Schmitt and Leo Strauss: The Hidden Dialogue. Translated by J. Harvey Lomax. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996. ( http://www.tecn.cn )
8. The Lesson of Carl Schmitt, p. 28.
9. The Lesson of Carl Schmitt, p. 26 (Carl Schmitt, Der Begriff des Politischen (1933), p. 16)
10. The Lesson of Carl Schmitt, p. 26.
11. The Lesson of Carl Schmitt, pp. 58-59.
12. The Lesson of Carl Schmitt, p. 67.
13. The Lesson of Carl Schmitt, p. 68.
14. The Lesson of Carl Schmitt, p. 68.
15. The Lesson of Carl Schmitt, p. 67.
16. Mark Lilla, The Reckless Mind: Intellectuals in Politics. New York: New York Review Books, 2001, p. 69. ( http://www.tecn.cn )
17. The Lesson of Carl Schmitt, p. xii-xiii.
18. ϣ˹ (Barbara Nichtweiss)ʾ¼ܷѧ˵СѡʩηѧϺ꣬2002262ҳ. ( http://www.tecn.cn )
19. Rafael Gross, Carl Schmitt und die Juden. Frankfurt: Suhramp, 2000.
20. The Lesson of Carl Schmitt, p. 135.
21. The Lesson of Carl Schmitt, p. 132 (Carl Schmitt, Ex Captivitate Salus, p. 12.)
22. The Lesson of Carl Schmitt, pp. 132-133.
23. The Lesson of Carl Schmitt, p. 133.
24. The Lesson of Carl Schmitt, p. 134.
25. The Lesson of Carl Schmitt, p. 136 (Carl Schmitt, Politische Romantik [Political Romanticism], p. 162; Politische Theologie [Politcal Theology], pp. 55-56. ( http://www.tecn.cn )
26. The Lesson of Carl Schmitt, p. 136
27. The Lesson of Carl Schmitt, pp. 136-137 (Carl Schmitt, Staat, Bewegung, Volk [State, Movement, People], pp. 17, 23, 27, 31-32, 42, 44, 46.) ( http://www.tecn.cn )
28. The Lesson of Carl Schmitt, p. 137 (Carl Schmitt,Wesen und Werden des fascistischen Staates, in Schmollers Jahrbuch fur Gesetzgebung, Verwaltung und Volkswirtschaft im Deutschen Reiche 53, no. 1 (1929), pp. 103, 111.) ( http://www.tecn.cn )
29. The Lesson of Carl Schmitt, p. 138 (Carl Schmitt,Wesen und Werden, p. 111.)
30. Carl Schmitt, Political Theology: Four Chapters on the Concept of Sovereignty. Trans. George Schwab. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 1988, p. xi. ( http://www.tecn.cn )
31. СѡʩηѧϺ꣬200212ҳ
32. The Lesson of Carl Schmitt, pp. 112-113 (Carl Schmitt,Wesen und Werden, pp. 112-113.)
33. The Lesson of Carl Schmitt, p. 139 (Carl Schmitt,Wesen und Werden, pp. 108, 111.)
34. The Lesson of Carl Schmitt, p. 139.
35. The Lesson of Carl Schmitt, p. 140 (Carl Schmitt, Der burgerliche Rechtsstaat, in Die Schildgenossen, Zweimonatsschrift aus der katholischen Lebensbewegung 8: 2 (March-April 1928), pp. 128, 129.) ( http://www.tecn.cn )
36. The Lesson of Carl Schmitt, p. 141 (Carl Schmitt, Der burgerliche Rechtsstaat, pp. 129, 130-131.) ( http://www.tecn.cn )
37. The Lesson of Carl Schmitt, p. 142 (Carl Schmitt, Der burgerliche Rechtsstaat, pp. 131, 132, 133.) ( http://www.tecn.cn )
38. Peter C. Caldwell, Controversies over Carl Schmitt: A Review of Recent Literature, The Journal of Modern History, 77: 2 (2005): 357-388, p. 362. ( http://www.tecn.cn )
39. 40. 41. Jan-Werner Mller, A Dangerous Mind: Carl Schmitt in Post-War European Thought. New Haven, Yale University Press, 2003, pp. 204; 203; 202.( http://www.tecn.cn )

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