ΩԸƽˮʹ罭ϣ
et revelabitur quasi aqua iudicium et iustitia quasi torrens fortis

 

۹Ұ Ӧ

ѧԼɪ

ۺоо[1]

Լɪдڽܿһֱǿ
⣬һЩӦõԵս

911¼ú󣬲ʲͳĸ׷֣¼
Ϊرŷ޺޵ɡԹ۶սĻһͻȻϮ
˴ΪڷֲƶУԶڰȫս뷨


ǣǿʼɣǷӡ911¼ȡ˽ѵ
ս۵ʤ廹ǿеġ[2] Щ۵˵
λԽĹңȫӦЩ⡣

ȷ۹ΨһһҵĹȣʹ۹
ջDZˡʮǰͨĹ۵Ѿʼҵ˥ˣ೩
Ҳ˥䣬ձܽΪͷǿֹ۵㵱ʱǴģ
1989дġضȡBound To LeadһУһЩһԤ
ǿǣĿǰΪ޵еĹ۵Ҳģ
һְ˵塢Դ⽻ߣͬΣյġ

Щʵ塱ʹϵ۵ӵߣҲֳܷ񱣳ǿƵĹġ
ݹʷʼľ쵼λᱻҼ˶ƽת
ơƽתƣ쵼λγսDzϳֵġΪ
µĵˡ˹עйӡ֮ϣһв
ǣʹй6ĸʽܴﵽ2֮
йﲻ˾ˮƽƽۼ㣩

ˣΪһͳһŷޣǶ쵼λDZڵսߡ
ǣԤȡŷ޹ܷ񱣳ָ߶ͳһǷ
ĹϵԶʵǹ羺ƽĹ۵㣬ȻҪǣ
ͼҵһսʱ͵սߵ׷ǴķǺ˵
ֲʵ仯

һۿȥҵIJdz⡣Ӿ
Ψһһںͳװ϶ȫĹҡһľ
֧ڵڶھλİ˸ҵľܺͻ࣬쵼ž
ϢӾռȫ31IJƷг۸㣩
ںλĸңձ¹Ӣܺ͡ĻϿ
ӰӲƷһһԶԶҡͬʱÿ
ѧҲһ

ԴЩҰΪģuni-polarЩ
ɶ༫ģmulti-polar˫DzԵģΪָġʵ
ǵάˡۿijЩ棬
Ըµ༫ذʾȵĹҡ

ʵϣĿǰȫϢʱ£ֲĸάdz
ơһϣǵģǰΨһӵ
ʺдdzȽȫ½վĹҡǣ
м侭ϣǶ༫ģŷ޺ձIJƷռȫ֮
й˵ٶпܻΪĸҪôھ
Уǰ뾭ŷƽȵλּۻۡ

Ͳ̣֮Ŀϵֹϵĸ߶ˣ˸
ָм֮漰ȴԤ㻹Ҫߵĵʽתʡֲӵ
䣬͵һ˰ڿڻϸ˵ҵĻ²ϣ
ǹ㷺ֲģ۵༫˭ǰûġЩӦȡ
Ȩ⽻ߵĽ飬ǴӶʵķвҲά
ʱֻעһ̣߲ע̼ϵô

һСͲںϵ

Ϣʱе쵼λԴͳԴͶ룬
ڱڣǿҵĵλȻЩDZڵˣܶ
ĵλγսǣ԰Դ̬ʹԼǿЩ
Dz̫γɺܼᶨĹϵԵġʵԼԸ
ҪֶΡ

¹ʱܿDie Zeitı༭ǷJosef Joffeдȥ
ֿսٲһеʱֵͬעһǹӡ
ڽ죬ʹ˺ͬԸʹõ޴ĻرҪĻ
ʶ̬̰šùȶֶεĹͬϡڴ
̣ϵʱΪҪ

սȻ١򵥱巢չͼܿջ
Ϣȫ򻯷չһ廯ͬģһתС硣
ͿʼڣϢȫһǿġǣ
һ죬ѧɢңԺյƵλڡ

磬˿20λռһĻûǣڽ
10~20ĺܿܳΪҪԡⲢ˵ӢΪ
ҵͨĵλǣijЩʱ޵ĵӿƼ;ý罫ﵽ
µĵز

ҪǣϢڴһһԽ硣
˾ͷߣֲӣƱذݸҪĽɫܶ֯
Ƕص˸μЩԽԼֵ֯עǣ
90һԷΪˣȫǿǿ
ķԣ˽Э

911¼һµסڷһָı仯
ķչѾʹɢˣ˺̨ϰݸҪɫ
ֻʵʩġдģƻıж˽л
ٶڼӿ죬ֲʵϾս˽лȫС֮
䷢¼ľ룬󰢸͸ңԶ˾޴

ս֮ʣܶ۲ҶΪҸȼе硣ڹ
Ӫ֮ʷ֮ϣӪһֵ
֮ķ硣[3] ЩˣרҲ˹˹ĦCharles
Krauthammerͳһ֡¹塱ΪӦþܾһ˳Ĺ
ʹ񡱣Ҫö֮׷档˵絥ԣ˿ɱ
ľԵġǣܲҪĽ˺
밲ȫͷйصҪ⡣

1994~1995굣ιڼ䣬Ӧ÷Ͼ°ȫҪ
ԵһˡһκζûСľȫȶĹ
أǶԸֲҪɲ֡ǣԾЩӦʹ
ĮһʵǾǷֶҪģҪĬĬŵ
ڰľʤǶԸ򵥵һ֡֯
Al-Qaeda50з֧һֶ۵ֵע
ǣʤIJʣչʾ˽һǿҪ

жΣ

21͵ԵһǣʹΪǿĹңԽ
ԽƲˡȻڴͳֶηòǣϿͳֶ
˵ⲻࡣϢȫӰ£ƵIJϱ仯ʹ
жʵԸĻ𲽼١磬ʾȶķ
ҪҪҺܱ֤ȶȫ仯Ӱ쵽
Ҳܵⷽ⣻ڹȱԽԽ࣬Ӷ
ƷȾֲӣԽĻԽԽࡣԣҪԱʼ
жԶӦͬвս

Ұв

ЩƣijӦȫϢʱƶ⽻ߣ
ЩţӺ⳷ҵˣٽ֮Ը
⽻ߣԼ⵽㡣ǣ岢ܼЩ㡣
911¼УϮĿֲӣרע
һСʹ⽻߱Щֲ֯
ȫľӰ졣˾ȫʱĴⱻܶ˿
Ķ

⣬ĻȫӰߵӰ졣Ӱ
DzɻرܵġCNNӰӱɡԼ
ȻҲɫͱܵ˵ĻȫӰڼǿ
Ȼˡɾ񣬶ЩǸģ
һЩ˵ģͳʿŮȨ塢Ϊš
壬ƻһЩҳʽᡣЩᶨķ̫ܻ
Ĺ㷺ޣļֵۡȡԴģ߹壩ߣ
ʹ˷Ӹռм

һ棬Щ˰ѴƵλһ۹ʵе
ߡְ̬Ȼ֮ϵԶΣաȷʵУ
ټܳΪСûֶΣиС˹
ǣⲢζŶ巽ʽϲԼǶ
߿УǿȺԵøױܡ
ûһҿΪĶԡǣӦdzΪƶij
㡣һǿʹĿ㷺ذȫĹͬ棬ôһ̶ϵĵ
ҲǿԱܵġַʽܷڱǿҪ

ʱ˿̣ߵĵλ̫ҵսʲô
ľٶӶҿ˷ء˵ս
ҺӶЧؿЩ̨ɫķ
οƺά²̵ľƣʹǿӲ
ս⽻ߵĹؼ˵һ쵼˵ʷԿ飬
ܷʹƵλ˥֮ǰĿǰʹļֵۺ
ȤΪһֹʹʶձܵı׼һǡǡܿʵ֡

۹˥˵۹IJɵġԭ
˥䣬ԼָҰȺɵˡȻڲ˥Զпܷ
Ŀǰûκμⷽ淢չơңӶⷽעij
˵Ҳܺʵʶǹҵһ޶ȵġ
֮ڷûֵ֧£ºжʹ
ڲϤǣǺֱⷽ

һ棬ҰųǺѵġͨѶõ½һЩ
򣨰IJԼѧġʹģƻһЩ
֯͸աʷǰδеһ¾硣ϸУϣա˹
֡ëҪǿġаHart-Rudman ҰȫίԱ
200121͵DZ20͵ܵҵ٣
ԽԽؿȡùҵʵ±ƻԣijЩ˸
еĵشԼԽԽС[4]

仯󣬱µҪԺ塣Щȡ
ԭϣӶһϵжɾ޴Σƻ¼˵̬ȿܻϷ
Եı仯ֱ仯ķԤϡвijЩ̶ȵĵж
԰սܸ洦жܽܵġϾ19
ڣӢڹЭǩǰͼ˺Ϊɧš

λ

еòʹڽ21Ժ󣬼쵼
λԤǰһϵмٶ磬ٶľúὫֻ
Ҳ˥ˣ־ʵȾ»õԡ̬ڹ
չʽĴ˷ѣһϵ¼Ӷ˵̬
巽չδƶĹ淶Χ㷺ԶԵذȫĹͬ
档ϵÿһ趼ʵģǣĿǰȥԶ

Щ趼Ļܼλĵλǣ
λ֡λˡϢѧ仯Լȫ
Ȼңȴʹ̨ϵĸֽɫøӸӡ
21͵ǣ۹֮ӴDzȫϢʱԵ
ʵĿġ

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[1] Ŀ2002323աѧˡThe Economist±ΪThe
New Rome Meets the New Barbarians: How America Should Wield Its Power
ԼɪΣJoseph NyeǹѧѧԺԺ
İȫͿƼҰȫ»ɢС鳤ҵ»ϯ
»ֱͳƼʰȫ

[2] ע塱unilateralism2000꡶ͳӢʵ䡷
Ľǣ巽ʽչ⽻һ򣬾Ϊ
ȵҽд̺Ҳ룬ʹЩ˹ͨ׵˵
塱ǰѡ塱⽻ڹԼϵУ
ȡ˵㡱̬Լ㡱˼ҵ桢

[3] ע塱multilateralָһֹҵ⽻ָ˼

[4] ߰21͹ҰȫίԱᣬرHart-RudmanίԱᣬ
ϻϯֱԿݵǰԱGary Hartºʲ
ǰ͵ԱWarren Rudman