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һִܷӦܷԷչ

ҹִͨ϶ƶģһʼʹȷιԡУɵִDZΪƶ仯ĹߡΪִܷӦܷ䡰ԡ[]ԣķչܷṲͬеλһȷζṲͬľáΡĻȶҪܷܵĹơֻнڡԡ֮ϣܷķչžʵ壻Ҳ˵ֻоܾӭϳ䵱ϷβݹߵҪ󣬲չʱܷųΪִܷӦƶ仯͸Ĺߣ߽ھáΡĻķչ仯ƶ±ġӦԡ

ܷܷΪеԡɾΡڽɴͳҪɲ֡ɱΪԼij̶ֳȵΣȻֹ۵IJ[]εĴͳҪ棺һǶķɹ淶ϵǶķɻǶصķ˼άʽǶķְҵǶķѧ뷨ѧ[]ܷӦԼص߼һӦбһ㷨ɸǿԡһ㷨ɵҪڷϵͳתʵ֣ܷڵذһܡܡܡܵȻڹɲɵڲгһµܷлơһܷΪĵġԲϵܷеԴơʵ֣[]ܷζܷģܷʹʵֵֶΡܷӦ¼㺬壺һǾݽȫ߼ṹܷ淶ϵǾжɵλɷɸضȨܷʵʩǶܷΪжϵͳҪһ׶ļֵ׼Ǵһ׶ءڲгһµܷۣԼӦĻϵͳ

¬ԷɵϵͳԵķȻܷ¬ϵͳĹĽǶȷ˷ΪһϵͳʵԵԿάֹ̡¬ΪһڹֻܷϵͳôͿ԰ѷϵͳΪϵͳһϵϵͳÿһϵͳӦؾһܣƶȰҪÿϵͳȫԣΪûκϵͳܹڹϴˣϵͳԣϵͳ˵һʵֵĿ꣬һصı߱ԡ[]ͬʱЩĸϵͳʼնһЩָģself-referentialϵͳԤȼ貢ҸƣreproduceԼͨǵĸɲֵİŲǵЩɲ֡Щϵͳܹ֯ҵڡ[]֮¬ķϵͳǹֻܷġָġԼĴӹⲿϢģġ[]

ܷܷͨϵͳ֯ҵںʵֵġܷԵǰᣬܷΪжġԭϵصķչɡˣܷԷչָܷѧձԭָ£ܷԵҪ󣬽ȫԻƣչеִ̡ ܷԷչοܣ

1ܷġǷ

νܷġǷָܷǷɵֹҪܷλʶ̬»򡣲ֻҪ֤ܷıʹܷԣܷԾ͵õ˱ϡڡ֮ԽԽ޷ȷ۾ݡ֤ͶԭȨ⡱´ȨҲ˷ɴ֮С[]ˣ˹ָɵϵͳԾԼֵ˼˵ɵϵͳԣ˼ҵءκ͵»޵Ϊġ[]ΡµĽޣƾһ֮һֶ֮άĶԣܷԵı֡

1ܷλܷԷչĹؼɴͳеҪԭ֮һǣЧͳЧΪȻͨṩǡ־ԵԺϷرȴƷ򡣡[]ԡɾиȨԡһʷԿ졣óۣȻֱʱŹˡһʣ12ңھרƶ£ijЩҪķ棬ɸ˼һֱ㷺;õϡ[]һ㷨ȽϣܷȷʵкǿԣΪܷȷһμܹԭ򣻵ȷܷȨȨķӳȨеĹͨʹͳͳǿ־ʹϸɣͨʹȨڷرܷʵֵġˣܷβӦǡľ룬һȷܷ֮¡Щɱؽܷ⣬뾭Ͻ֤跨ɵʽ 2ܷԷչ뵭ܷʶ̬ɫʡ˼ĽǶȣʶ̬ΪֻǶijض׼ķӳʲ׼Ĺ񾭼ѧҽʱʵìܣѣʵά״۳֮Ϊʶ̬[]˼ʶ̬ҪΪ״绤ǡʶ[]Ϊʶ̬ΪһʽĿIJǽʾʵ࣬ǽڸάͳν׼ĵλ[]ʶ̬Ļ۵㣬ΪԴһܹڵ״ãʵһļƻ[]¬޲׼Ϊһʶʶ̬ĶߵҪλáڷ19ŷ޲׼ʧܵԭʱΪ޲׼߱Լ׼λʷʹƵʶ̬˶޲׼ʶ̬ijϡ[]ΪֻлĻʶ̬ϵ쵼Ȩܻϵ쵼Ȩˣ޲׼ĺʶ̬쵼ȨĶȡ⣬ͨȡȨ[]ʷֹʶ̬ڵҪּ塢塣ֻСκʶ̬ɫʡ[]ܷܻԡΪʶ̬ĿάִƶȣͼµƶȣǶȡʶ̬쵼ȨĿ궼Ȩʶ̬мǿԡȻ˸ѧرǹ˹ǿѧʶ̬Ӷˡͳ۵ʶ̬⣻[]ڿѧѾΪͳκϷԵĻˣͳ۵ʶ̬Ϊͳβȡһַεķʽ绤ѡάִƶȣͼµƶȣʶ̬ʾ˶ijռĿꡢռ׷ζijּ塣ڱϵĸͳԴŸԳͻʶ̬ĵԣֻijض׼ķӳܷڱԪƽȣʶ̬ܷıʲЭܷڱǸ׼ʵʶԱȹϵķӳζŲͬ׼湲ʱԣˣܷܽӳ׼档Σʶִ̬ܷķչƣܷԽԽձزЭձԱȻӳijֹͬҪ󣬶Ľ׼档ʶ̬ܷЭҲЭܷĹ涨ȫشĹϵأЭãѻ񶨰[]ܷĿҪͨϷĶߺƽġ̸ġЭﵽij־⣬ʵȶά־򡣶ʶ̬ʾͨ߳׵ĸ¶ͨЭﵽһĿꡣܷһ̶˶Դͳأʶ̬Դͳķһ¡κᶼһЩԱͬصĻܳڴЩʵϾṲͬġܷͳĵݾһ׻׹ʵתΪǵʽ˼άģʽΪΪϰߺ͹ʽܷЩ򱣳ij̶ֳȵһԣʽܷΪṲͬɣ˵Ϊǵʽܷܵķӳ̶ܷ崫ͳسȡΪ֮ĸӢܷȫǴͳIJֲڴͳ³ɹ˵֤ܷ෴֤ӦйڶԴͳı룬й˶ʱ100ܷ꣬ޱ֮ľԴ֮ˮʶ̬ġ¡ȡԶԴͳ滻Ϊǰġ

3ܷԷչҪ˷ܷĵ»򡣷֮űȻϵɱ뽨һĵ»֮ϣĻ£[]ɹ淶µԭһ̶Ϲ˷ɵĿġһķϵУͳν׼¹֡ķܷܷվͬвͬıʽԲֶͬηŲͬĹܡΪɣܷ»ޡ˵Ҫ¹淶ܡν¹淶ܣָϻʽ϶Ӧֹڵ·Щ淶ܷΡҹܷдĹ淶ҳֳص㣬һʽ淶Ե¹淶ò֡磬й塭йٵĸͳнԼ˷ѡᳫ񡢰ͶѧĹ¡ͶһͶĹĹְ𡣹ӪУҵͳ缯徭֯Ͷ߶ӦԹ̵̬ȶԴԼͶȡܷлԡ١ʥӦԼᳫԡʾʾĵжϵӷɹ淶߼ṹϿ淶һ㷨ɹ淶е߼ҪأȱɺݡҲԽ¹ܷѧŵģڷɱвȷԣɵǸȷĹ̡ΪȷɴӲȷȷһ̲ƫ뷨ɵֵҪ¹[]ǣΪܷȷ¹ĿıȻΪֲܷIJȷԣΪֲܷΪķľԵġֲͨ¹ֱתΪܷ淶ʵֵģΪȻ¹תΪܷ淶ˣ¹Ȼˣǿľֻܷ淶ʵϣֲӦͨ¹תΪܷĻԭܷ淶ʵֵġ[]¡淶ֱܣһ߼ṹȱɺ淶޷ͨɡķʽʵ֡һ棬Щ淶ĵԼܷķԣӶʹܷЧܷĹܵ𺦡Ҫֶܷεĵ»ҹܷʵҪضݷеãǿܷӶ֤ܷܷԾأˣ˾ŲһֱܷΪзְܵҪ֮һҹܷһֱδ涨ΥܵĸɣԼΥΪĴΥƶȵȱϯܷĹ淶

2ܷɵĻͬ

νָܷͬɲضԴ߽ܷͬһ㷨ɡȻܷΪĵᣬϵУܷ߲ΣںĵλζţܷǷɣӦǷɵķɡڳܷңܷ߲κͺĵλܷͨ߷ЧֳġܷΪһ㷨ṩݺͺϷԣһҪ淶һ㷨ɣʹɲԽܷĹ涨֮ϣܷľ֮⡣ܷ߷ЧΥƶ֤ġڲܷңҪָӢܷЧδרŵƶȱϣܷһ㷨һЧ[]Ϊ˵Ӣܷһ㷨һЧܷһ㷨ɾͬȵЧȫʽϵġⲻҪȡܷԣζܷЧԺܷĺĵλͨһ㷨ϵġѧָģӢûгܷζܷԶɹ򼰱κԭ򡣡[]⣬³ѷشͳԸ񣬶ӢܷĵλάҲмҪ塣淶ЧĵȼԣܷΪ߹淶Ҫ֮һ

3ܷԷչ뽨ԡ

ԱҮ˳Ϊ۵Ψ壬ٶƶȶǶӦƵIJһڿѧѧеĽۣ಻Ƿ磬ͨһṹijϡ졯make[]ӦǾԣҮ˳֮Ϊ۵壬ƶȵԴڹƣڳɹҴʵ[]ҹʹ뾭Э[]ΪִͳµܷչǽģҲǽġȣܷԷչųǵŬмƻĽŬؼܷ̽չĹɣɽȫƶȣȷܷܵķӡܷԷչܷɡ˳ӦܷɵķչҲˣܷ̽չΪĵܷѧԴΪְܷѧҲųΪҪΣܷԷչҲųʵķչ仯ܷչƶáܷԴʵʵʴڵΡáĻòķӳǣܷʼմڼͳһìܵ״̬ܷʵͳһԵģͻǾԵġ[]ԭڣĿǣܷһƶ䲼ʵʩҪнǿȶԣ޸ģʹ޸ģҲþһϵرϸij򡣶ʵڲϷչ仯֮Сʶֶεƣܷɲʵķչֻеʱܷ޸IJŻճ̡ܷìͻеõչͻЭͻܷеĻ̡[]ӦʵIJϷչ仯£ܷĹɲϽҵʣӶʵƺͷչ

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