ΩԸƽˮʹ罭ϣ
et revelabitur quasi aqua iudicium et iustitia quasi torrens fortis

 

ĵľã֮֮

--ڻ֮Ѱһŵ

(ɽѧѧϵѧʿ)

"ҿʼ"


--------ʼ


--ܾ仰һֱл죬شӿƺ⼸Ҫظǣƺһ֧Ѿһһֵдҵϣͷ"ͷ"ϡһΣҽ˵˵

һҪȥ˵ʲô˵һ˿ʼ˵֮ǰò˵һ룬áʱ""ƺ񣬶DZӢΪȷǾ˵that is to sayһ˵֮ǰú˵֮ǰ"˵"""ǰѾ˵""ѾʲôѾ˵ĴãѾһ룬һԸһԸʹзɫʵĴʣ


˭أʲôأ˭أӦ""Ϊ""Ϊ񶼻˵Ż""""ӦֻǸ"ʼ"λã˵֮ǰijᄈ֮⣬""أ""˭أǻԱҪ˵˵ǻ˵--һ¸ʽ˵֮Ѿ""Ѿ"ͷ"Ҳȥ"˵"ֻ""ΪʲôΪ仰ţһϰֻһͷѣߣѾʾһǹ棬һǡǾ˵Ѿڵ˵ǰᣬ˭涨ģִӺζأ""˭˵أ˭˵أʲô壨in the name of ˵أ˭봦Ǹأ

˵֮ǰ�"˵"֮ǰҪ"----ʼ"Щʵλ˭ռأǿʱ˵""ʱѾںйĻ֮ˡ


ڻߣѾʹλȷˡڡʾ¼һԼд"Үջʾ͸ҪɵָʾˡͲDzʹߣԼԼ㽫ĵҮջļ֤ԼĶ֤ԤԵģЩصģиģΪڽˡ"ѾһȷҪ봫ݵ˳ϵ--Ү--ʹ--Լ֤¼дߣ--ĶڡɼȨ֤ζŸDz뷢ͣschicken,Geschick, Geschenken,õ˵ҲˡأԼݵĹ켣·LogosӹȥҸǴδʾ"δ֮"--δִ֮УϢȴѾȵˣ""ѾʼдˣдһŵԱִܵ


LogosǷҲׯ˵"ɴڣɵöɼ"ĵأڻ̣Щߡ߶ԣʾѾˣѾ�""ˣĬʾģֻһصŵǽдصŵpassageдǵأдδ򿪣򿪣һֻдԼ֣ԼҲǩԼֽ֮ᣬҲдеȨ

ǷдͬʱҲһ˫дǣǵİдǣ˭֣

DZߣǵģڻ̵һߣṹʾһ棬ڿӼͽ˼ǷҲdzȷṹأӹ˵"֮νԣ֮ν޵ֻν""Գν֮ԣϣν֮?quot;ʱҲγһ"ƴ"֮"³ϢϢãԶԶ򲩺񣬲"ǣ"ΨϣΪܾ--ܾԣܾ֮--ܾ֮ԣܾ֮--ܾ֮ԣ֮--֮زӡ"ԱǷŰǷָͰѾ۵޳ſˣѾ""Ҫ""ʹ""֮"֮ν"""ɵӻһʲôִȨأ�"֮ν"""ֻ""""ЩʣʹҪнãʡԣþѧĽԭĨȥ"֮"Ƿһ᣿ǷҲܻΪżġͣٶȫѣ

"ҿʼ"γָʾĽṹͬʱҮ̵ĻŵǷDZ˴˵ͬΪȷܴӹۣڷĽڵƼһóλãҲ--ӦöԴ˱ʾл--лҲڣҲҲлѧԺ룬һ߿ظһλ˵ǰ߲֪Ƿ̵壬߿϶Ի̵壬Ӧʲô�""μⳡ"-"أstand for , Ϊijֶվ̻ạ̊́ͬʱߣֻΪˣģ̬ǷȾһ˵ʱλãҼݵĽɫ


Ѿ˵ҵĻͷңҴһʲôŵϣʲôλϣѾáʥ롶ʮıʹǣǷѾͬʱվڶߵϣ


һͬʱȡܷģ""ܷ"""һ"ܿ""أһֻһģ"""̸"ѵеĶԻʵ̸ģñ˴˵ﻰ֮Թͨϻ֮һŵǽͬƷһ""˵""ޱ""ȥ--ͬһϰ˵"Ұ͸"--֮ʱҲıףѾĵߵˡ


ͬ˵"ΪIJƱҲ"̫621˵ҲһƱҲ�""""УƱΪ""УҲһ־ãһ"ĻѪľ"ҪϣǵϻܲƱʱϵľͶֻαңҲո˵ڤңǵ""""λϣϣIJУֻijٶѣǶƶȫѪҺѭƺ""""УϣͱתƵϣվŵֻ"֮"ѡ


ǵϣͳ˵""ΣѰģ�"ΩΩһִ"ľ΢ĵˡ΢""δһ"һ"ĵ·"-"Щ⡣ճĵijλû߿ܾĵλ⣬Ҫ"-"˭أǡòıʹĶDZʹãǵѵDZǣIJѪǵдʱ䱾ϻagedŵpass-ageǽƤҡ


ôؽ̸""˵""λã""˵""ֻDZõ""λϣ�"Ļ"Ƿ"ʵʵڵ"˵"ʵڵظ"ʲô˵"-"˵Ѫ""ֹ""һ""ʱǷӼ־һֱΪ˭Ϊ˵""Ļἤȥǽһһ˵֮ΪרһԼأΪˣֻΪһˣҮֻΪĸһͬԼ˵"ǵĴһûв֪"Լһ顷ǵܽϵۣ


Ĵ򿪣Ϊ˻Լ򿪣򿪶ܵ˺ʱ"-"ʱǷ˿дļǺ--̹ĵĴʹ˭дģ֮дⴴ˼ȥʱµټҲǶŵļ֤ǡⴴĵĸ"Ī"""أ"ΩΩһ""-"жأ"֮ν""֮ν"֮νжϣͨоأǷʹʧȥıλȱ֮кεԿ֮λˡ""ܻ㼯λãĵ"""Ʃ""ƴ"ˡߵλϣı--"ˣ�"


Ĵŵͨ""ŵ""õˣ""˵أ뽻̸Ϊȥѧϰĸóף""ģ֮""""֮棬˻ҽ˵Լʱ֮Ļ治еϰ뻰ճɻҽ""""Ķdz˵ļ䣬ʹijءǾֻdzҽ˴˳ţ֤ʲô


Ӵ½Ĺ뵺ۣν"Ļɳ�"Ĺ֮--һҪǩ֤ͨխŵѹطҲ"ɳĮ"ѵҪɳĮϿֻ֮ڻĮŭţֳĵطһѾ˫ﻯһҪǹӢ˫ĵط""Ҳ˫ػָ


뵺""ڵֻһ""ֱţԵԵŴ󺣣֮䡣ʱҸеƺǴ½·ϵĿڴһѱⷭĿڴڴⷭʱҪ""ʲôǮ֤Լա"ڴ"Ϊ۵Ŀڼ·һ֣ƺֲڣֻDZ壬ǽﲢԱⷭ


ô""ǷҲһ"ڴ"ΪѪҺĶֻ۵ƣ赸Խʱ븩֮䲻ǰ""ͬڴһⷭ""˵""켴""ϣڳһֱ쵽"֮"ⷭʱҲԴѪҺУҲѪҺѭ⳨ٷա֮Բׯ˵شԣԼȡ֮עɲ"ش"װƵģеѪͱ˾ƣ˺ͳ

֮Ҳ"Ѫ"֮ãѪ֮""economyѪ֮"-"ϣoikosnomosѪ֮ӿԴͥ

""뷿ݣoikosڹϣĹoikesisͬһʸԾõĽ⹹ʾ[1]ңдĹ򣬾ö໥"Ե"ġһ˰ĸǣҲǰȫǡ
ǿʼ׷"""ڽ"ϵףȥ""֮õķ֮صŵ


Ӧûһʲôȥ̵ϵϵ̵̫֮УȥĶԼĦɷأǷ籣˵סһ?quot;ĵظӲ""ӻ"ֶ顷312-18һ̫˵ȥӽԼȥӽЩĿڣջʱſ죬ǵԽĿڣȻ԰򿪵ţŮ˴˵"߹"ߣ棩дע˻˿ڡѪ[2]עԱ""""


ЩڻЩأԵĿԴһμͥıɱ¼ɱDzҮͻԸ˵�"ʲôأֵܵѪӵҰ档ؿ˿ڣֵܵѪش?quot;Ǹɫֻ"Ʈڵ"ע̫ڴϵ루errancyʥֱȷؼ""¼ΪҪǣǸֱıҴļǺţǺʾıɱ񣬵ڲ"Զ񿹶"аѸԼ


˸ֱDzϣҮͻ˵ĵһ¾ǣ"Ҫ뿪ء塢ңҪָʾĵطȥұؽɠұn㣬ΪҲҪб˵ø"͡121-2DzǨһ㱻Ϊ"̫˵ϵһʵϵۣϵ"[3]DzҪ縸еϰ׼ͥеʽ룬ҲҪܾϵǷ롣ȥĽԶȥpastֻţpassУֻΪľӵ·ˡһŵpassageѴ--pass-ageеpassͽһֱҪȥģԽ볬ģֹͣڳܾӵģҲͲȥĻϻagedǽһףһŵһδѱ裬һԼѾγɡ


ֻˣʵϵ۲ԶڣҪDzԶĸҲҪԼõ׼Ҫ׳ϵ۸ġ˶ڡ־ģϰ׵ϣDzıɱƻ""ķ򡣵ڽϣγ˸ߵľ˶κ""ǷģǴƷ򡢳ĬԵģܣsecretҲзֿ֣ÿߣڰ밮֮˲ȱڡֻƾ׼�""֮ſֺ죿""֮ѵҲӾ룿ҵܽأGeheimnis""HeimIJп᳡֮У


Ħ߸ΪȷĦ˵ijͼΪģƺ"ͬʱǰ̫ˣּȷַ̫ǰ"[4]ðԼӰз"""Ҳ߳ż֮أҲǽɳĮĮ߳Ա߳籾ֻΪ"İ֮صļľ"ǡ222ϡĮһֱֻ"ҵȱϯԴΣв"[5]ÿһεͣDZ벻ңÿһĦϵһֱڳ߹һֱڱ˴ĦǰĦֻܿϵԶ뾭ıӰ̫˵ĸͲڹȥڣڽҪܾӵһֱڽ"óֻódans ĮֻڻĮ"


̫˾Ͳ"д"""ű˹ġ֮顷ϣһҳҪ顣/Ѿÿһҳûҵϣ/ϣ顣"""ָĿռŵǿտյޡ޾ɳĮǽӡдϵֻټټϱĨȥĺۼ""ǷҲѾĮУ֮дþµĶдĨȥ


̫˵˾Ͳͬϣ˵ij--Ҹ˹˹ҿ˹֮յԽϣ֮ǣҲͬʷʫԵ˹ʽؼҵĻȦģʽҲͬɺ¸֣Ѿɺʾ"ڳ"ڼл¯ߵʫⳡ̫˵ϵ۲ڳpresenceΪpresent,gift
̫˵""ѭգɿ֮ɷ⿪ڱdz

һ"ڽ̵ĵ�"Topology of the Religious̲ǰһЩŵȻͨ䡢ѪĹӹ̵ijǽĵ·ǽĻͨ


ôҮյϵ֮ӵ֮УǣҮ·䡢ŵ䡢""ᱻ˺ѣָ


ϣĵ·поɵܽģŷʷľתͼԭʼħ飨daimon֮صϣincorporate̶԰ͼصѹ֣repressγɵġܵŵpassageĴתڽ̣"Ϊڽֻģʲô"[6]εϵ벻εתŵγɶͨ¼ո׵Լ"겻"֤Իһڿռ䣬ķ뾯У룬ͨĶԻijﻮʶصħתΪ飨psycheѧϰΩһҪеġ˻̣Үյ׼һΣ"׼"ľΪȷĵԨø�"IJŻۻ"һӽϵۼһУңȴԶǿ־֮ԴԲתɽӽԲ򲻿ɽӽתĵŵΪء


ЩѹһֱѾ""ʹתܣԿұδֻDZѹˣڽսУǿ־Ľϣ뼼УϣļԵĽϣҵûб˼Ƶرֳڽ̵׻ʹһжɼ뽻ʷͨʱȫ򻯣һ·һ""ʹʹΪƷƷ޵ؽ


뾭ϵ˻õļʽľûǾõı⾭ûǶʽزһ𣬻뾭һ""Ĩȥá
ΪǮ˰̫֮˵ҪڵϻܲƸҪϣ츸ʹ͸޵شʱǷ"׵ľ"رҪѭˣγһָȫָΣյĽԳƣʹ֮Ĺթ֮У ҲҪ˴ʱҲ²Ҫ֪ѾҿҫرĿܣͰѰ""ֿˡǷ""ҲҲ֪˼ǵģ츸֪ǵģǵIJڵϣҪڵ£¡Ϊǵ""Խƶ֮⣬ڱ˴""Ӧð`ǩд츸ϡŶҵϵۣдҵдİϣд


⣬ӵıʹ׼һ棬ͬ˵һεıѪһݵؽǷȥĵӣһȥһεΪˡһ棬"ϵϵ"ϵ֮ĽкǷ""ĹֶѣȻջȨֻ츸ֻ츸֮ܣԼ1018ϾһȺ˶ӣһεʡ뾭ˣ̫ˡİظ޴ӴȣʹǵƳҲĵ壿
ڸڿտյķĹñĨȥˣȻֻеڶεĩеʥ꣨Geist,ghost٣дԤˣȻһٱ졣дҲΪһ־ãͬ°еijΪֵдΪдģ棬ͬʱܵ˫ػǷѾ飿

Үջ̵̫ıԴԴϵϣǷҮյ׼ʾһ־ãԾߵμѣpassionһֱգһֱͬά˹ߣ֮ݣͬδ÷Ĺʬ岢�""ỹǰ""Ȩа""ûһαһڤһΣգʹ֮ΪżݵĶ뽫һֱ棬һֱǽģɽӽģɼ뽻ģ""һֱ棬һֱппڣһֱ""


ͬʮָּʾģķֽͨѵȱʾֱĨȥcross outķ뾭á


Ƿ˫صӦڡµϵжڽծ񾭼ùϵĻԭΪڽԴ"ԭʼ˼ʹϵԴծȨ˺ծ˵Ĺϵ"ɽ̵ָľУ"Ωϵܹ˱޷ծ--ծȨΪԼծ˶Լdzڰ𣿣dzڰԼծˡ"ǵĶԻθһλ[7]?Ҳ˵"ǵծͬ˵ծ"?ΪҴ,ǶߵӦǻ㹻,ǹ׽ˣѾˣĽṹ벻㲻ԭ,ҲѾ޹ǷˡԵǷ໥ܣ̿Ϊǻش

"ڽ"religionʱѾ¶Ү̵IJ졣ReligionڴԴԴ(a)relegerelegereոռۼĺ;(b)religareligareᣬϵĺ[8]Ҳܽģڽbeliefʥ sacredness holiness鹹ɡ"ڽ"룬ȻԶˡȻ""ͬڡѪԵԵ壬""Ҳ""ʥֻּǷijйĻĵ̣һνڷἰֽ̻"""λһ "롣


̵ĺ"֮"ˡҲлȦĺ壬֣ͽΪת֮Ϊ""֮еĻԭǣ"Գ֮֮飬ʧ֮֮ʫԻ壬˶˶񣬺ǹʷر죬ڵأڹ񣬴ɥ䡢ڡ衢Ƹ"غ֮£ʹ֮ܣЧأȥδڹҲֳһͨЩ񶼹Ҫķ棬عף趨ġ˥䣬ף飩𣨾ѿʼ˴˱룬Ҫ�"׶"Ҫô""ǡǡ˹룬ҲѽڣԶ˵֡Ҳʾ˵λʧ벻һ¡ͨʻ֮"""ͨ"ͨ"İ"׷ʫСšԻɽֹֹԴﵽ""ͨ"ѧϴ"Ϊ飬ȻѪԵҵĹ


ȻĺĵȻԴڼͥ"Т"ТԸĸТ㩣ֳТ˳Ϊ󣩣ֻʽȻʱȺ˳ԼݵıҪԣΪ׼ԴƣƴΪµĹϵģʽ


ΪʲôȻʱȺȻ˴ȨأȻʥԣӹȥ"ĸ"Լδ"ع""Ȧ"ģʽѾ"ȥ֮ȥ"ϣ"δ֮δ"Ϊ""ֲԶͥһһ"˳"ѭ״̬"˳ߣ¹֮Ҳ"ˡ֮˳˳�""֮ڲ֮ѭѣ


""λã֮ƺҪ֮ģֻԼѪ˳֮ҳ룬֮ɢ֮λ (֮˼)͹Գ֮λҲò""ѭģʽ""μ


⼴ǿӵ""ʫ̣硶ּǡԣ"ߣҲ鶯Уģν֮"֪֪֣֪֪"ֽԵãν֮е"Ȼ"ΪͬΪ졣ͬףྴʤʤ�"־ͬڣң"֣й"֮"֪"Ҳܴ֮£֮ĵתοأ


͹ԣ"֮Ϊ£ʢӺ֮֮ţšʹ֮ʢԳм롣ϣҡʫԻ'֮˼ɶ˼˼'΢֮ԣ֮˷"ӹΪʢµDzɴȵġһ棬""֮""Ҳ©ӱԣ"Ҳߣ֮ʢҲҲߣ֮ʢҲϹ񣬽֮Ҳع֮ΪڣΪҰϣΪ룬˰֮Ҳ֮Ҳ֮Ϊ֮Ϊǭ�"ǡ 塷Ѿѹν֮""ϵǿ֮Ϣıˣ˵ɰ֮""ѾֳƩָʾˡѾΪ""п뿪ڣ뱯˵ı֮鿪ʼԽһΪ"ǭС"֮򣬲Ϊձ֮гĹػ�"Ԫ"㺣Ѫ֮Ϣ֮Ϣ֮ͨУ֮ڶȼ""зĻͬʱһ棬áʫǿ֮""񣩵ģ""Ϊ""ǰ֮ʸָ֮ʾҲ֮⼴ָʾáʫΪ͵֤"߱صλ""߱"ԴТ˴Ϊ"֤"һȷһֶ""֮"λԪ"Ľͷʽ""޴Եġ


ֽͷʽǽʫ֮޴ǣ"޴"һ¼""Ļ¼ΪԷ֮ĽԼ԰֮һ֮֮дһ¼λáӱ˵ƽѾԴ֤ˡ


ڡʷǡҡؼ˿йΧڳ²֮ʱ龳"У"ڵpassage֮УڿҰľУͽԼʹˣˡʫСšβݲơеһ䣺"˻ʱ˿Ұ"ڶԻнʾ֮ݵľʦ໥ʴγһʥ"ͬ""ݺβȻӣ"֮""ܻͨ"֪䲻ΪΪ֮"ʦеĽһŵ"ĻѣѸ"һصľ


ڿֵĻõʦϵ̾ʵʣͨʦ֮鳬Խ֮ͥ顣ϧĽ龳ˡ̵ľҪôȻ֮Тճ""֮Ҫôλλһ£תΪĹٿƾƶ̰۸֮ԴҪôΪһڽ̵Ĺܳڤҵָš·""֮λƺҪʫǵ໥ʽŸΪ֮֮״Ĺ֮""ֳһ־ۡ

ȣ׵ġҹ˼롶˼"֮˼"Ԫؾָ"ǰ¹"--ߵı仯ʫ˾죬"ǵ˪"--ůߵĶԱȣ"ͷ£ͷ˼"--ǹǣʫˣ̧ͷҲ˼ͷˮ¹ӯʫ˵˼֮ģйʫDzͬʫȥѰޣǽѱ¹⸲ǵĴشԼʫʫоѻҹʧߣ֮Ž⣬ֻͨⲽ㷢˼֮飬㺽ڶԹߡɫʵĸܣг֮Ϣչϡʫ˲ûᵽˣ""Ƶĸı˼Ӧָš˼е"ڤ֮죬ˮ֮"ڤˮЩԪأʶʵͲ""Ǵڵĸж
֮ζ˼Ҳһϵģ""""֮ģ"쳤Զɿ࣬λ겻ɽѡ˼ĸ�"е--˼ŵλ꣬Ѱŵ·Ļ꣬Ҳڻ򡢴ݴ"ĸ""ĸ"֮Ϊ""ֻϵģйĻϰϵָ֮ţͬ˵""ĸ׺ĺΪ"ĸα"ʱ׽֡ˣԹ磬Թ˵ȻĻĵ·ñ˴˸ΪӽȻôңԶĻ"Զ"

дڣǵ߳磬Ϊ""ȴ""д򣬶ܿƵģдǣһдʽǷѾˣ


ִ˵""ѪǷ񻹻гıʱ"ӽ"йŵĺĽ࣬һɥʧǷҲζû"Ļ"û""֮λֽʲô""ǵģɥʧ""Т˳ԸǷҲɥʧĻij֮ǻʲôأǻʲôأǻ"˼"ʲôأ


ƴʫһϳм"Ļ"ĽʽڱȵĹγɵĶγ֮໥ʫ�""ݷʽַʽй˵Ļܱ꣬дй˶ĵġ

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[1] Margins of Philosophy. J.Derrida.Trans.A.Bass.The Uni. of Chicago Press.1982.P4.⣬ԾѧᆳѧѧԼйļȫо߽רģĵһᣬʡԼЩȻڡ
[2] Nine Talmudic Readings. E.Levinas.Trans.A.Aronowicz. Indiana Uni.Press.1990.P173-174.
[3][4][5][8]Religion Edi.J.Derrid & G. Vattimo.Stanford Uni. Press.1996.P137,P139,P139,P8.
[6] The Gift of Death. J.Derrida. Trans. D.Wills. The Uni. of Chicago Press.1995.P2.⣬뾭õоdz㷺븴ӣҲרŵ̽֡
[7]ɵսԼй˼ҲDZʤεġ