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Ϊʲô·άϣάظ˹̹Ludwig Wittgensteinأ׸FregeѧеѧңأBertrand Russellǵϰеʥˣάظ˹̹ʫˡҡС˵Һ͵ӰеѧҡˡDerek JarmanһӰǹάظ˹̹ġС˵Ҳ³˹ƣBruce Duffyάظ˹̹ĴΪز׫дС˵е硷The World As I Found ItŦM. A. Nummine߼ѧTractatus Suiteаάظ˹̹ġ߼ѧۡTractatus Logico-Philosophicus֣еƬֻﻹиɳƵĴеڼ̨ݳеúܳܳ

ʣάظ˹̹λѧҴӸԣƶľԢɫʵ˼ұʡάظ˹̹Ȼڰٵ۹ǮĹҵͷͥȴԸ˴󲿷ֵIJƸѾ󲿷ʱ仨ж˹̩ʽTolstoyanġ洿ӣsancta simplicitas׷ࣲܶڵ֪ʶһάظ˹̹÷dzӵķʽԼӵʿĿнάҲɵʵγԱȡάҲǻ;ӹƷսͣɿ͸ĻԽϿᣬԽᱡµҿ˹Karl Kraus˵ڰ֣쳣ϾDzɾҩάҲɣ෴ѾɾҩϾȻ˵ȫȷάظ˹̹ʱڣܵ쳣ɱӰ죬аѧҵֵܡ

߼ʵ֤壨Logical positivismǶάҲɸͿһӦµѧءࡢѵأ׶άظ˹̹Լ׷˹һֱԹκģתģģĶеԡħ޵Ժ԰աвϣѵҽ˼ߣȻһЩڽŴѧĺǡѹʱʱִԵĵƫصĵطάظ˹̹ҲڵһսսսķٶþָӲ󲻽⣬ΪҪΣյĵطȥսϣĽӴܹԸ޷ʵֵĴµʶٶýѸDz֪룬ֱսϵΪһˣ˹ֵĪ˹ƣһŲ壬һλڿҰConnemaraңԶСݡ

ԼɭJohn GibsonֶԡĬWolfgang Huemer ༭ļάظ˹̹The Literary WittgensteinУάФֿˣDavid Schalkwykؽάظ˹̹ñߵĵλĵ;ķԼ԰ѧĿϵ˵ѧʽҲ֪Լ·ģ̫Ѫͳ˼ңµͬͬʱ˵ѧĸԴʧάظ˹̹Լû»õһҷʶФֿ˵ԹijУͣϢݺύķ羰һǿռĶʱϵġҪҷijֲͬ߷ؼ԰ζշѧĿͷšѧֻǶЩ·᫵˲DZҪģάظ˹̹һֱѧרİӡ

ʽΪĿڽϤĶİǶάظ˹̹˵⡣֪ѧͼ˷ʶ㯣ʴӵƷʾڵĶDzûʶ֪ĶDonald Rumsfeld֪δ֪жʧĶάظ˹̹˵ҲһѧʼһֶԴڵǻɾ塣ФָֿģϤƽĶڽȳ˵ij֡صijɷ֡ǵԶǶƽǫףʥʡΪʲôֻDZϵijԾһ͸̡ȲΰҲ׳άظ˹̹ôҹעĿǾܣصպںӴ ʻ㣨heimlichСϤġСصġ˼άظ˹̹Щŷ֪ʶ˵ڼֲڼҡѧάظ˹̹ĹĴ˹̹άStanley Cavellڱָάظ˹̹ܸǵ໰Ƿdzִ---е鷳ģֵģԼľвȷİա

άظ˹̹ţԼԺºͳ۵ԼĹֵǷǡءҰķܹǶ˼е켺ģѱĸе˼˵Ͱ˹͡J. L. Austinӽ˵ͺ¸Heideggerӽصļֵ˵׶ɣ˵ͬ˼MarxͲϣأBrechtһʱʱнŵĶʽѽijɼ׵ĹעǼʹ͸Ļ˼͸ġٴһ˵Ժ˼άЩͷԼ򵥵׷ߺԼֿܹҪעһκ鶼Աע֣̽ûκζˣһĴ󲿷ʱ䶼ڸͬ

ѧо߽еʱ峺͸Ĵ࣬ͼǴشֱɵʵģǵģ߽粻ʵֶ̽ܶȺ޹ԣǶصķĿͻάظ˹̹˼ŷʵС˵ΰͳûʲô˺ͨ׵ģĻƵˣѱרᣬһ׷ɮ£壬ͻ޹塣ܵΪ½ֿ̽ȵӰ죬άظ˹ֵ̹ĵ׼ǣκζȺͻDZźš˵άظ˹̹С˵һƫϸں˼ƫƧСеĻͬҲʾ˼оеиͷǽľǿԼܾδģԵģͳĶȱݵĿͺġ άظ˹̹ƲѧЦ˵ſѧֿܸζЩһҲΪѧӦʫʽдѧеĵϵӴӿ˶KierkegaardɣNietzsche¸HeideggerBenjamin߯ŷࡤŵAdornoDerridaǶѧ˼ϵͳɣȷ˵ǵ˼ֻǴһȫͬıϵͳѡ͵дսѧѧĽޣͨ˸ԾѧֺԢԣ޴DzԺϷ԰סֶءWalter Benjamin벻һ---һͨƪDZ˵Ļάظ˹̹ϣdzЦʲôҲûС˶Ǿдͳ˼ִߣղķ˹˹James Joyceһ鱾ͳղάظ˹ֻ̹һ飩񱾽ͬ߯ŷࡤŵTheodore AdornoһЩڸ˻ɬѧ˼еţϲӵѹһЩ׵ĸԣٵĶʫС˼Ҷϲ̫ʽƬֻǴͳ߼ִܵۡĹ۵㿴άظ˹̹ϲԼ˼뷢ɢԾDZһϡⷽ棬Ĭ³ķMolly Bloom[˹˹е] ߡάˡMrs Dalloway[άǡ(Virginia Woolf)ͬС˵е]ǰҮA. J. AyerԵѧϵأֻϵ۲ָܹʷƷʵһżݡ

о˵ǡѧϵġȻܽMarjorie PerloffдĹʫѧ۹ûкܺõذסάظ˹̹ûʱѧǹһĹ۵㣬ȥػΪЧĸԤǹϵͳ·һǵǽ⡣Щоͼ룬ΪʹΪߣʵĿIJͨͨɵģѧƷн£ɢ裬龰ѯͬһϵ⡣ƷһѧݺʽͬһġѧоеڱûʲôֵС˵еԹ۲ʵһΪ޴ƵԪģЩʵʲô塣άظ˹̹С˵һüʾǿżɽҪǴ龰ĸӽʾ𽥵֡κα߳Ϸһ޷϶ЩԼģЩǡ·ңǻѾ˴𰸣ֻʱԼﲻóǶȦӣеǺԼȥƽյסļԼɪ˹Joseph Margolisһƪ̸ʽ̸άظ˹̹Щ棬Լеһ

ѧоijƷƣ߼ѧۡthe Tractatus Logico-PhilosophicusƷƱķ档ʵϣ߲ѧѧƷġάظ˹̹ƪԣTractatus鹹 the notion of fictionalityľ£߷ֱǰп˹Alex Burri ܿأDale JacquetteǿܰʮŷĻͳϵıΣΣﻹ˹Joyce, أSamuel Beckett[ȴࡷ(Waiting for Godot)] SaussureϼPicasso¸HeideggerͰµѫSchoenbergȵȡ仰˵ԣTract-atusŷ˸߹ִijԵ۵ڿȫġȷʵԵĽṹչĽṹ˵Ӵж磬ԲܱԼЩʵġһչʾʵһʵĹϵҷתͼԼڿʲôͨԼԼDzʹԡǵԲܸԼϰһѣͷƿ޷Լпһˣղķ˹ǵϣJames GuettiΪµġڰ֮ġConrads Heart of DarknessıǾǶ޷˵ĶֳĬĽһЦ

һ͵ִķΪ߼ѧۣTractatusΥԼֻʵ壬߼ѧ⣬ɱѧ⣬ҰԼڸˡͼԼĶʱЩִƷԾɱԱΪʱ֣ԴܹijЩʵԣͨͬʱǽгŪڿࡣָԼľ޻ԼּܵԡȷʵģҪһɬģģζԼı͵͵ijһĻƣľ۱ıʡάظ˹̹飬ͼսӴʱǫض׷Եļޣװ߼ѧTractatusָķϡ

вٵʫ˺ͻҷdz迴ѧƶΪάظ˹̹ԼҲЩܾ裬ҡҾͷСöѪĻʲôҲˣҪʾֹ۵ָ۵㡣άظ˹̹ŬȰ˵ǰѶԪ۵Ĺ۵ΪDZΪǿֱ˽ԼľֻƲ뷨˵ͷħһƵḶ́ƵĻƵĶҲ˵ŴľʹУԼķأJoachim Schulteڵʫϵʱţѧʵ߿϶ܻӭĹ۵㡣ǻΪڴԼ͵Ķǻ˵ѧǷѿѧһ顣һάظ˹̹ԲǾӶԼֵΪԼʺȡɲɵ¡ɭBernard HarrisonԼɭJohn Gibson༭ıļƪ˵ı۵ģºָǸٵġɭΪѧƷͨṩһʵı׼ԭ緢ϵάظ˹̹ע⵽ûʲôӵеĸҪˣٵĸ

󣬻н͵⣬ⷽǡлάSonia Sedivy˹ͮMartin Stoneṩ˷ʡ¡Ͼıԣģԣģͽ͵ûûѧάظ˹̹˹̹ϣStanley FishŸJacques DerridaһŽǾֱߵġ෴ǴʻֻڶĻɵ²ϾѧHermeneuticsʼڶʥģѧƷķ˼ǿŵĶûкĻɵʱʽĽӽûκġ

άظ˹̹˵ӵǴϷժ˼ûԱ˵ʱʲô˵ԺǴǽʵ򵼣һû漰κ˽˾״̬򵼡һӵȻⱾļлкܶ࣬˵άظ˹̹˵ǵڶλĻƫ볣ģĶʥ¹˹ţеӰһ

ԣTHE LITERARY WITTGENSTEIN John Gibson and Wolfgang Huemer, editors 356pp. | Routledge. Paperback, 18.99. | 0 415 28973 4
by Terry Eagleton
<http://www.the-tls.co.uk/this_week/story.aspx?story_id=2110663>

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