ΩԸƽˮʹ罭ϣ
et revelabitur quasi aqua iudicium et iustitia quasi torrens fortis

 


:˼·

йԵ˼
--ͳȨƵ֮·

һ 25йĹƸĸ

й25ûнйƸĸ
Ҿ̹ѧߺ͹йĸ̵ǣҲĶijЩףԴ϶شĶ
ѧӰ첻Сġйģʽóɹλ һľڵָйûκθĸ»˾øĸijɹֹ۵йо˵൱С
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Լܳһҵ˴ӼȨȨת䣬ȴûнκƸĸ𣿴֮ìܣؼǶƵֻ⡣
ҿһִҵӦݣ
һ Ȩ뾭ȨȨԼĻȨĹϵ
ڶ ִĹϵ
Ȩָ˵طĹϵ
ģ Ȩĺָ˵Ȩ
壬 ȨԴ
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ֵĽǣйڹȥ25еԾΪĸĸйƸĸ壬ڰйһȨתһȨҡһĸҪйһ޷Ƹĸļ˹ңԭһԽƸĸҡ
˵йĿǰƸĸѾ졣

йʧܵ

Ƹĸʵĸ˵ܸĸӳʵֹȨԴѡΣȨṹʵȨƺ⣬ȨȨǷȨΣ֮ͬһIJͬɱ֮ȨʤһִΡʽǧ𣬵ݡΪûα
й֪Ǵʼͼйʵ۹Ĵûڵ֮Уں֮ʱл͹ĴǾ;׺Ӣ磬ݲͨлʱ֯١һԷʽȨԭ涨Ϊй֯ԭ򣬳׷˾רƶȣǶԼʮʲ׼ѰйȡõijɹĿ϶1911123գʡϻᡱ飬ĹҹΪл191211ΪԪ꣬ɫΪл졣191211գɽϾľְлˣ
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ڶյ¾רơûսרƣ뼯Ȩij̶ȷϼԬ뼯Ȩ壬ʯ뼯ȨܡëƵ뼯ȨϡʹйɱȽϻ͵ľרƣ˸Ͽרơ
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ΪԵʧܣʹëΪй˰ĿתͼһȫͬȻڼ޲׼Ȩʲ׼Ȩһ򱶡ë˵Ƕ״˵ԸıҪһڲҸҪһ˼
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ֵùעǣԵķߣֱǽй͹ĵ--ɽë󶫣ɽлһ͹ʱйһȽĺƹңë󶫿лڶ͹ʱйһݳִķңһȫȨҡͬµԶʧܸգܲйĺdzǰ
һ棬йĸѾ죻һ棬ĸĵ·δ̽ҪģֲäĿġģʧäĿģҪѴҪ̽ѯһ£Ϊʲôòй뾳ǩ֤

йʵʧܵԭ

йʵΪζʧܣ
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ھĹٷʶ̬йԳɹ˵йҪԭǾĻһ۵㾭ڴ൱ġʵ۵㲻δѾɹҵõ֤ʵӡȣɹڰǰ˵ʱӡȱȽйľĻҪȽ۵ҲйµʵûھĻԷijоرغųԵ㡣
10˼ͶԱоҷ֣ʹй̰;ز۵ĻԭһԱڶйһңҲо۾ӡ
֮ǰĹŵѧԭһȻʧܣִԾԭһרƴ԰ԭԭȥΪһȨҡ
غ壺һһСҾۺϳһһרƹҸһҡġֱĻԭͲ⡣Ϊֱ£кһȨȨڹᡣҴ󵽲ȫ幫񶼳ϯ飬ȨͿܱͷ۶ᣬרơ
ϵ˹¬Ϊ԰С¬ʵԼۡ߶Ƿ Ϊϸһ֮Ϊdzǰdz֮СȨ߽㲻мʹԼȨ Ҳ˵Ҵˣʡ
ˣʧҲ壬һСϳһȫ˴ɥʧһרƶб֮һǷѺĹҷֱʵɥʧ˴λ֮ǾսֻصרƣزԭĹҹģһͷרƴһרƵĴεȹҡսʤǰһеʧܣǰûѺһʧܵĵһйǰûѺһʧܵĵڶ
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ŵѧʾǴֱȻʵԭڡͷǽ--һרƴڱԭ
ҿһרƵij͹ңΣյʱܾ̿ܲʱ򣬶ȽʱDZһٲ˵һҵȨԴһٲԽҪȨԽҲ˵뼯Ȩij̶ҪԽߣһٲԽԶҪķԴԽߡΪԴظԭϵƹɽĻƺܺ⣺ԽͳηԽߣҪ뼳ȡͳһԽǿʼʱȨͻȻ½ԭеȨͻȻɥʧٷѡͻҡ ԬƵǰлծգȨͻȻ½Ľ
йһгֵ⣨Ȼǵɳ۹ٵ۹³ʿ۹гֵ⣩Ҳйڶʵбֵ⡣ë󶫻ֱΣգͼ췴˵ȨȡȨάֹҵͳһ򣬽ֻǾԸȨᶯҵĻβ档
һרƴͬʱһң廹ֲôбͷѵΣԻߡŷǨУ壬˹ݿ˹工˷ѣǡǡǵȹάԭ״¹ͳһԹ۲쵽ЩѱĹҾһǴڶͬһԵ͡£ͬһԸߣ¹ȡ˱ĶȨʹ¹СĴۻȡα棺ͳһ书һۡ
ңзѵķմСͬһʽġɳҡ໥裬ӾסһǶйͼôʽġƴͼҡʿ״ֲһֹҷѵĿԶǰһֹңʹļô󣬿ʡķҲʼմڡ
ڵĻǣͬʵдͲŷһóɹһʵҲͼôĶóɹ

ģСƽĵ֮·

гֵΪСƽйȥʧܵԭͽй˼ҽԼ˼Ľ廯ΪйƸĸ﷽ķδȴΪйĵԴԤ
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610գй븺ٴ̸Ƹĸ˵Ҫ·ȨȺںͻ֯ĻԵ
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913գȡƾС㱨øĸʱ˵ƸĸƸĸڹ᳹Ҫֿ漰ƸĸĸݣǵҪֿ쵼⡣ǹؼҪڵһλڶȨҪ·ţ͵طĹϵͬʱطҲһȨ·⡣
929գСƽ˵ƸĸĿһƶȣڶչĻԡ
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ܽСƽָȨ·ź͵ֿƸĸ֮·߼ϱȻͨͳƺ͵طȨơָһ㼫ҪСƽѾӹȥʧܵľмȡ˽ѵѾ򵽣йһܸ뼯ȨʽҲܸڸӲҪ㣬ϹȥȱҺ¼Ȩ·
ֻһ仰Сƽĵĸ֮·ǣҪȷȨҪȨƣҪͳơ

壬طȨ

Ȩ·ǵСƽƸĸʩ֮һĿӦǽطȨƵĹơ
ĵطȨƣȻ뼯ȨƶԵģָƵֲͬνṹϵڵ?֯ģͣorganic modelһǾģͣThe matrix modelڶȨThe power pyramid-ΧģͣThe center-periphery model Ķ壬ھģͣ뼯ȨȨģ͡ȻһطȨҲǾģ͡
⣬һȻƺ͵طȨƶǾģ֮ͣкͬڶģͣ
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йطȨƣǰйνṹӽṹתΪṹ뼯ȨƵĽṹ⣻ڵطȨƵṹһֻӡڽṹĸһȫṹ¿ʼֻ̣ǴСĿʼ䶯滹һӡıӣҲȫθĸDzɥʧȨϵͳĿɿع̣ȲĩұնסֻһͷңͷԬϡϾϺϣҲĸұնͷȫˣ̱
һйƴͼͶңȽеطȨתͣ԰׷ԾȨ⣬תΪεĵط⡣뼯ȨֱƹɣδεΪԼδȨǵ˵ǰ̱ɶ̣Ȩ㵽ٷ֮ٵľԾʵеطȨѹͲȫеԼе

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ܶ˵طȨΪչطҪ󹮹쵼ǿطһ֡ơʽ⣬һЩоҰһִֽ壨ModernismҰҪǴӾ÷չĽǶоطѡ٣ڶƶ壨InstitutionalismҰҰΪѡǵִũ忪ʼ׷ͳκϷԵһŬĻPolitical cultureҰȤѡԼʶѵĹϵ
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ҪҲ˷ȨĹϵΪȨģڷȨУڵطԱ¢˺ܶξȨDZĵطСʵۡЩСʵۡ˱صķɺ棬ͬʱ跨ڱصӰߺ㣬´ʱѾйһЩѧ߳Ϊйٷ⽨ ۵ͱڿͷĿıϡ
Զ׼߹йطҰļҰͬڷȨĹϵĵĻ߼ǣҪȫطȨҪֹȨݣŷչطһθĸսҰȨȫһսԲ裬չطƶȻȨһսԲ衣
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ĸǰҹIJȨȨк֮ܶȨǹƣȫƣȨҲǹƣ϶ȫơл񹲺͹ȫƲȨڹ̫ȲֱӹƲҲֱӹȨίйҹDZ˹ƲȨȨ
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һָĸΧIJ󵹹ŵ¼ԽЧӦĽĸƪеƣĶԴ֣̽бҪ顣

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