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й"ִ""ִ"໰⣬˵1980ѧȻ"ִ"һ"ִ"˵Ϊӣ÷϶ࡢҲϴҴȱۺԵۻ[1]ִ֮""ʵһִԵĸּڱԼͬʮˡʮͺͶʮϰҶִ壬ԽͿ˷ִԵǰޣʱִԹˣֱһִԵľٶҪ"ִ"ںн綨һִΪ(Ϊ屾ҪﵽȷԡԡԺͿ͹ǺִԺͱ)ǰѺִһָһ۵Ļô"ִ"ҲЩìܵġִ"ִ"ԵģˣʵµҵǶִԵķ˼УԼŻ[2]

"ִ"Ĵʻ"ִ(postmodernism)""ִ(postmodernity)""ִ(postmodernization)"[3]"ִ"ִߣָƵһձԡִƷΪĽѧ򣬺űָѧѧѧѧƣԼѧѧѧȻѧо˼˵ִҪһִԵĻô�"ִ"ǶִԵѧϵķ˼aesthetic reflection "ҵ"ʱĻϸ˵ִ"ִ"ͬ[4]"ִ"ʱָһ˼ķ񣬻һ״̬(Bauman,1994)ѧ"ս""ʷս"һ𣬲ȷЩӦ"ִ"бִԵᡢáεƶȽṹ̬Ҳ˵һֲִͬʷ״"ִ"ָһִԵִԵḲ̌ҲǺִԵʵֹ(Owen,1994,14)ѧҼ˹A.GiddensִָǶǨһʶִᷢչһֹ켣˺ִִԵǴִԵƶȴһµIJͬ͵(Giddens,1990)

ִйʼ1960-1970ķһȺҪ£M.FoucaultJ-F.LyotardǣJ.Baudrillard˼ң1980вչ[5]ѧĽǶ죬ִ˼ǶִԺִΣӷֲģijϽִǶִԺ˼Ľһ˶ִԵʧı֣Ϊͻĺ"ȫ"(Giddens,1990,171)[6]ǣִԴȫ򻯵һر֮ΪִԵļȫ򻯶һѾ˵Ĺ̡ڹŵѧͳӰ£ǶִԵʶ϶࣬ȻⲢȫȻĻĶһ壬ôִƶַӦǿܵģʵҲˣ"Խ"ִԵ˶ѾȫϵгˡȻִԵȫ򻯺Ӱ֮ϣҲ֪ʶķ˼ϣַ˼ԶִԵĶƺͺִγ˵Ҫ(ľ,2000)磬(U.Beck)ķ۾ʹһʾִΣ----õƼƶȨ޽Ʒչ--ѾвȦ档[7]ڣȻѾ˾ʱ(ڸԣ)еķգֽ޴ġҿܺݵµķ֮УֱӸԴǿѧ͹ҵִƶȱɵġͬʱЩΪ׼ͥԱϵӵеǿͬҲɢ(Beck,1992)

ִһ"ִ"һʱľĻ״൱ѺΣյġΪִ漰رDZҵΡá·չָȫԵѧ¡ѧĻת䣬串൱ġͼ�"ִ"һһ"ӵ˵"ΡúĻ֮ӡ⣬"ִ"ĸУҲֳ˶һϵľ޴죬ڶ(B.Mchale)˵"ÿһҽԴӲͬĽǶȣԼķʽִ"жٸִߣͻжִֺʽ(ִʣ199612)磬ѧ˹(B.Smart)ΪִǶ"ִ"ijԽҲһִʷʱ(ʱϵ"˷")һ"ִ"¹ϵѺִΪ"Ԫ"[8]IJΣΪִһִֶ˼DZڼʽʽһִֶ"׷ʽ"ķ˼(F.Guattari)ǿִȡִΪΣִ"һִԵ''Ƕ''"(,1996,178-179)֮ѧԺִIJͷǺܴģǴѧĵĽǶڸָĺִУǴ¿ԹҪ[9]һǻ۵Ļ򼤽ĺִߡи(M.Foucault)(J.Derrida)(J.F-Lyotard)ȣ۵ҪǷԡڶԾĴݻ٣ִҵ⹹з塢塢ͱɫʡǿ϶۵ĻԵĺִߡ޵(R.Rorty)(D.Hoy)(D.Griffin)ȡڽԡִΣǼȲ"Թ"һζط񶨣DzڸϣΪֹ۵ȥѰ취½"ͼ"´磬˵Ĺϵǵѧ˷뱯иǿĽԡԺֹԡ

ǣΪһѧ˼һĻ˼Ҳۺִɣкֹ۵㣬ִ˼뻹ǴijЩ֮ͬͻرǶӷ뾫Ķͳһϵ(񶨡Խ)ͳĶԪۡ塢塢͵塢塢һԪۺ;۵ͳһԿսȡ"ģʽ"νIJͨԼԡȷԡԡƬɢȡˣڱ߿"ִ"֮ԳΪһҪ˼Ż⣬IJȱ˶Դͳۡ˼롢һϵо뷴ѣҪ˶ִԼһԷ˼ַܸͳ˼ʹ(ִҲǶԸִͳǰִ˼ķ)ȷֱ1960-1970ʵش仯ִ״ȫƲϼǿı£ΪִԾζٶȷʡ"ִ"˼ŵȷ綨ѸչġˣΪѧĽǶִ˼ڸϲǷִԵģ˼ɵִԣӸǶȽʾִڵìܺȱݣͼӸϸıǶΧԭоͽִ͡ζ�"ִ"սᣬζ"ִ"άϵٶȿʼ

ˣִΪ߶ȷʱһҵһĻ󣬾Ƿѧ򣬲1980ѧодﵽ壬ѧĽǶ߸ڰѺִǽȫ򻯱µһִֶ˼ȷ񶨳ддµĻ˼ȷؽָ1970-19801990ŵȫƵ͹ǿѧ˼γɵһ˼άС񶨻Խִγɵۻֵȡһµ˼άʽͼֵ˼άʽͼֵԵԼѧѧعʮشʵ(ľ2001)ˣִȲһִ״̬ҲǺҵṹһɲ֣Ƕһµ֪ͣʶᡢϢȣĸرΪһ˼ĻķʽʣΪһֵĻ˼ִִԳɳıȻǰִΣij̵֣ķеĽҲǶԵʱΡáͿƼɾͷ˼Ľ

ִѧӰ

ѧƽĽǶִ۵Ҫص֮һ"߸"""ѧƺʹμѧ֮ĸֽޣһۺ˶ѧƺͶάȵӽǣӶȶԴһϵо(ѧѧѧʷԡĻѧѧѧ)˼ۺϣҲԴһּȶѧڲĸӽǽۺ(ʷġ20013)Ȼִ۳óִ֮⣬óľͷĻ󡣵Щѧ۵Ľ岢ǺܴΪֻĵһѣǰνĺִ۷ӳҪһѧƵѧ۵Ľ滹Բ㡣[10]ԭҪǺִ۵һȡעĻʶ̬͹һע΢Ȩ΢۷ˣǷԽһֺ۵ۣʵһֶԼ⡣ʵϣѧ¬(N.Luhmann)һȽϳĺִۼҡ֮⣬϶(P.Bourdieu)ͼ˹ҲͼںϽṹ빦彨һµĺִۡˣؽҪΤ(M.Weber)Ϳ(E.Durkheim)˼(K.Marx)ɭ˹(T.Parsone)⣬ִ߶ȳζŸҪи߶ȵԻɣеԼѡ񣬷˼ѧϰԼϵͳ

ִܺ۵ĽбֵԲ㣬ִ۷ѧлֱӵһִֺѧ(postmodern sociology)"оģʽĵ[11]Ӣѧʲ(S.Lash)Ϊִѧ"ۡѧ顢ִѧʾִ"(Lash,1990,2)Z.Baumanѧͳʶ߽⼰֮صۺ·ijֿǺִѧı־ִѧҪһµ"ȫġȫĺϵͳ"ֵĿԣͬʱӦָͨؽѧо""Ŀ꣬̽ĿΪʱϵͳشת͵ĺִ(˹أ1996)Ȼִѧӷҿ˶(H.Garfinkel)ѧ(A.Schutz)ѧάظ˹̹(L.Wittgenstein)Է٤Ĭ(H.Gadamer)Ľѧۺͽ˺ִѧĻôִֺѧ"ִ"һΪִѧܴԼ۲"ִ"һΪִѧ׼㣬޷ִΪһʷϺռռһϯ֮صʵڽоˣĺִѧǽԵģͼָͨѧо"ŵ"ĿάִԵ˫ر˵ĶԺͼǿŽԣ

ʵϣִۼҲֱӴ۱оԵذƬϵѧѧĻĽʷԼѧеһ[12]ˣִѧʵڸϴΪһִֺۡӺִ۵˼ɷǴ¿԰ѵѧҶԴִ̬ȻΪֲͬı֣һǽƳִˣ籫ǵȣDZ궨ΪִߣԼϵˣ縣µȣdz׷Ժִˣ˹ȣǷԺִȴֻӭִιˣ缪˹ȣǶ۽зۺоˣƶɭ(L.Nicholson)(N.Fraser)(,2000,280)ɴ˿ڵѧУʵԴִ̬ҲǷdzӵģˣڽѧоʱҲֳһĹԣǾͼƼȴѧ֮Ľ޶һµijѧƻ(supradisciplinary discourse)سһЩµо

"ͳ"ִѧоȣִѧԽִоʽϵ"ͳ"ִѧоҵУչһЩԭ͸Ǵ(decreation)Ƕ(de-definition)Ļ(decentrement)(discontinuity)廯(detotalization)(disintergration)⹹(deconstruction)û(displacement)(difference)ɢ(disjunction)ɢ(disappearance)ֽ(decomposition)ȥػ(demystification)ȥϷ(delegitimation)ȵ(Hassan,1987,92)伫ʽϱֳһЩҪص㣺һDzΪѧоǶԶо֮"͹ʵ"һֳֻ֣ȷظ߶ѧоֻ"Ϸ"еһ֣DZΪ"ѧ�"Щ˶Ա֮Ϊ"ʵ"һЩıĶ̣Ķͨ˶ͬһЩıĶûʲôϵ𡣶DzΪͨõĸϾǰ"͹ʵ"Ŀɿ·꣬ǰǵǵһϵ¶һڹ͡DzΪһõĻõڹ͸ıķһıľȷڹͣκһۻڹͶһDzٰѽijйоͨ()ڹ͵оĿģǰѽʾоԡͬһо֮ڲͬʱ䡢ռµIJ쵱оռĿ(л,2000,197-199)[13]

ȻִѧַѲûģѧеijֲ־һӱѧʽĵȷе˵ΪһոµĻ˶ʹͽͺִֵʱθ㷺ؽ˼ӶʹִԻϵ"ͳ"ִѧٸսִѧ˴ͳѧоģʽΪѧӦȫ򻯵·չעµѪҺˣѧоӰҲʮ־޴ģ һִѧõĽ⹹ķءԪʽĶͻǵ֪еIJݺӵҪãָǵĸо̻̣һ͸ԵӰڡԵģ֪Ψһʵڣôʵ಻һѧϰ߶ѡȷǺͻԶǵ֪ʩӵƣܹԸܡ۵Ķ󲢲һִ"͹"ʵֻһЩе"ı"ͬʱָǣѧֵΪ֮ŬĻôӦò"һϰ"ӦעϰߵͬʱʵǺϵʵۡΪʵҲһѧԼô֪ʶֻԵġִѧɶҡǵ֮ҡǴѧ""ڷΪǴ˶Դͳѧķ˼·

ڶִѧսǰѧԼ˼йڱһձ⡢ͬһ졢ֲԵԵȹϵϵĴͳִͣѧоƬ׷һԡձԡͬһԡԡԡԣЩȵĵλΪĶγųǶЩ�"""""ձ"""ȼ˼άʹʶ˸ԡԡԡԵԡֲԡԵʴڵļֵ壬ʶ۸ͷ̽ѰľԣԼͼ򵥵ijһͳоʵķʵԣӶʹһµµ۹ȥǵḻԪ(л,2000,197-199)

ִѧִѧսҲżȻģĵ䡢Ļӱ䡢αļֵѧۺѧΣͬʱģҿǶǵķӦִѧս"ܵҵĻӭǽʱֵ̲ܳһ"(Featherstone,1988,207-287)ȻִѧҪִоʽ֮ȷҪı׼ȥжִԣȥ˼ͽ⹹Ŀ겻һԵļ˵ڱκһ֪ʶ֮"ռͳελķĺϷ" (Hassan,1987,169)ִѧڶЩִ˴ӲԸȥ˽رעоճĹעͬı仯лϵȷΪоĽ㡣оϣ봫ͳѧͼ跨أٽʾ໥ϵϵͳۺϵĹо;ͬǸֻDzȷԶǾۣǶԶͳһԣDzۺϣǷǼࡣǻرжϣṩֻ"""۲""""о"Ȼ"˼"Ӳм飬ΪҪ֤ݣںִϵĸ ģִѧһϵµĸۺ͹۵㼰ԵӽǣǶִѧ۵ijЩΣպ;޵ľִѧµʷ龳֮ҪԵдۺǰͳ۵ҪпܻǶԵǰȫ򻯷չƵз˵ЩִѧоĹҪִƶ뻰ԼǶʵй淶ͳͽľ巽ʽ꾡ʷϵѧ£Դý塢ϢϵͳԼЩ׸ıΡԺճ֮ʵͳηʽ۲ǣ΢Ρµ˶Լµ֮ҪԵǿ¡ִ͡ԵЩȱݵѧҪصУ޵٣ȵȲһ(˹ɡ˹ġ˹,1999,337)лһЩԵȱݣһһּ򵥻򣬵Ƕʹѧʶѧģ͵ijЩ޺Ͳ㣬ΪһԼṩزĺ˼·

壬ִѧҲǶһ޶ģΪоԿѧѧɻʽʵѧ뷢սǶΪѧ֪ʶձģҿһᄈķʽʵ֤Ĺ۵СִѧΪѧ----ֻۺͷʽ----һʽý飬ı׼ᄈģŷ޻Ӣѧ֪ʶ׼ɱҪִԵضĻԤϵһ𣬲䲵˿ѧԳƵֻпѧ֪ʶžȷʵɿ˵ͳһġձġԹʶΪĿѧ׼顣磬ѧУʲôԱЧо۴໥ͻı׼һЩѧΪԤԡϵͳԼԻ߿ԺͿ֤Ҫı׼һЩѧǿ͵ȫԡķḻԡ۵пԣǿ¡κѧı׼Щͬļֵ׼ԱǵĹʶ(߸,2000)

Ȼִѧ֮飬ʵԽտѧ弰ø㷺۵һɲ֡ȻѧฺִӰ죬ѧѧƷչҲѧ׷ѧʵ֤;黯򣬵׷ѧľû˶ŴѧʥĹ⻷ɴڣȻҵҡμҺѧһĻͨʣǿѧǣλƽ˶Կѧõĵ۱磬˺ִѧҳͬķ˶ִѧѰһſԵģԤԺԵѧǿԺͳ˼ԣΪѰķḻԣרעڷdzһ޶ԭԵִѧҲ�""ִߡ˵ǿѧ""˵�""Ҳ֪ʶ֮ٲߣÿṩ""ڱĵطȴأҲûĵλѧӦóΪ"ͬײĵˡĻĽԼض¹۵ij"(Bauman,1988)þ"תijԹͬΪĴͳijԱʹǿһͳΪ֪ʶϵ֮ڱ"(Bauman,1987,5)

йطʵ(irrealist)(anti-foundational)ѧʽ飬һЩѧо˵ƺǶġȻЩѧδչ̺սһ൱¼ǣdz֮�"ִѧ"ŶѧƵĹ׶ǷdzֵעģҪһָĿѧƷ(transdisciplinary approach)ṩһ׸ʺѧ״֪ʶʱ(Owen,1997,20)ִѧijǶԳռѧͳελʵ֤ѧԿ͹֪ʶһַӦִʼûѧͱĿǰյ϶ԣѧȷѧӦޣ"ִ"ķν"ִѧ"ƺ٣ֻбΪԣǻִķչ׶Σ缪˹˵ ǽ첢ûн"ִ"ʱڣǽһǰradicalizedձ黯ĸ߶ִԵʱ(Giddens,1990)ˣִѧIJ뷢չΪѧṩһոµӽǣӶʹͳʶۡǰȷϾս͹ۺִѧսδѧķչ洦ʹսȫؾжԵҲˡˣںִ˼ij£ѧ뷽Ҳͬʱδȥ⡣Դˣͬѧвͬѡ統Ĵɽ(J.C.Alexander)Ժʵ֤Ϊʶۻ巢չΪ¹壬˹A.Giddensӷʵ֤ѧ"ṹ--ж"ķչΪĽṹۡ

ִѧоķص

ǰѧоУִ˼ӰֱӵһִֺѧоʽĵܶһϵͳĺִѧǷڻŲٵ飬[14]ǣйغִѧоԼúִչģȷѴڡΪ͵縣¶ִȨƵĽʾͷǶԸ߿Ƽĺִ˼ȺͼھԪȵȣһ淴Ӧ˺ִѧķоɫִѧվںִ˼ͻرΪִ۵кϵĺִѵִ֤ѧۣӿ׵¡˹ͿɡΤ˼ɭ˹Ĭ١͡˹˵ѧۣΪͼҳ۵ĻΪձ黯廯׷ΪܹṩԼΪıΪƭ˵壬ܵ˺ִѧߵĴ(˹ɡ˹ġ˹,1999,5)ԣЩִѧод󶼱ֳ¼ķ

һʵۣעػںִѧ߿һһź͹Ļı"ıһУı֮"Ҫе󶼿һķ͹ķԽˣǶ"۲""֪"ʱ̶͸ۻԣ۱Ե֮ڷãԲͨΪֻʵҵý򹤾ߣʵϣԾǵ硣ǣеԡıȲ壬ҲDZ򵥵ظģִƶȳУͨƶʵؽģȻ漰ἰƶȵIJ档עҪȥ̸ʱԳĻ۵ƶԻЩ۵ϿɻԤȶȨϵ

ڶ廯ƣᳫ΢۷ִѧ߾ܾ֤廯ķۣԸ""""Чԣйʷ廯͸ӣת"ֲ""С"ijѡѡ񼼷ΪУƫø΢΢۲ԡˣھоУdzǿ졢ԪƬΡʡѣԡʶϵͳԵȸһζܳ⡣

ִ壬ע""ִѧһ"û"Ǽĺִߣǰѷִ忴ǶִԽеһߡ[15]ˣŲһķѧо[16] ִѧڽ⹹""ִһϵĽ֮󣬺ִѧĿת�"ͨ˵ͨ"Ϊִ͵ĵȴں˵ıԵߡߡߺͱȨߵӳִ""ִѧͼЩִūۺͳε""֮У"ִ"Ӱӡ

ģۺһԪۣżֵĶԪִѧ۶һǰġͳһ壬һԡ֮෴ִѧŷִΪǰԺͳһ壬ĴһȥĻƬϵ塣ıķԡȷԣʹDzܷʲôоı()֪ܹⷽγɿж֪Ϊ"ʵ""ɿ"Ŀ͹۱׼ҲͲʲôоı"ȷ""ʵ"⡣Dzеһֿ""ļų⣬Ӧ""ͬʱ档һҪһ֪۱׼ĻҲֻ֪"Эͬ"Ե(л,2000,195-196)ںִѧ߿Ѳһ壬dzֳ˶Ԫֵȡ򣬲ʾƬͷĵɫںִǵ˼άͲͳһģֵҲ޷ִʱڵͬն

壬ԱۣҪս򡣱ִԼ֯νṹѧĺġںִ߿бijЩļٶΡᡢĻѧʶ϶Ƕϵģ־"ΣյұǶӵģ"Ϊ""ֻضԵɵһ۽ʲô"͹۴"ıֻ֡עͬһ׺ӲҪԡܹԷ۵Ҳǿ͹ʵֻǸֲͬ"ı"ѡˣս򣬲ͨ׷۽Σ[17]

Ա壬̽Ѱ֮IJ졣ִѧ߷ϱʺ֣֮ձ鹲еʣΪ֮ŵֻǸ""֮Խն֮Ĺͬʻͬһԡʾ仯ȷʶĿģ̽Ѱо֮IJ졢ѣʾĸԣӶԻߵIJ

ߣ壬׷ԵձšһֱִԺִѧĺĸںִѧԱΪרƵġǿȵĺͼȨĶΪǿִԭΪ"һŵͷ״̬нųĽ"ǣѱ"ūۡѹȺѹֵĸԴ"ˣִԣǹԣҪӹԶԵѹг׽ųΪִѧѧ׷ĿꡣͼִͨȨƵĽ⹹ͨѹƺ͹ѵ˵ƶȵУӸȥִ߽ᣬѰִͨ·[18]

ڰˣԴͳʷۣûִʱͿռ䡣ִѧߴ෴ԴͳʷۣΪʷ߸˹ĵģ񻰡ʶ̬ƫԴȪһַյķ"ʷڵĻһű΢ѧƣڣ"(֡˹ŵ,1998,94)ˣִ߾ܾʱͿԤԿռִҪûִʱչۣʷ""ΪĿдѧʱ䲻ԵġĻԵģռҲdzԽ"˵λáֱ֪֯ӵΧԼ֪һɻƵƳλõȵĸ�"(Jameson,1984,83)ûִʱգע׷ԴʷҲûκˣЩʷĸִԼҲͲٳ

ھţִۺ۹ۣͼʵûִ۵ΪִԵһӰ漰򡢹ͼֵȡ߼ԺǶ⵽кִѧߵķԺСִѧ۽̽һΪһģ߸˹ĵļƻһԪºһϵ⵽ִѧߵļˣִѧ߶ΪھŤıԶԵشֵģڲͬ̽ʽУڿԽĿʱԼضĻʷµĸбԵIJ(¡,2000,43)һЩĺִѧ߸ǺԾ׷ȡ۵λǵúͽǵۣʵûִ۵ԵĺִѧҪ¶Ϊģճ;ֲȡ֮

ʮִԽ⹹ֱ۵IJΪҪķִѧߴ󶼲ϰʹ�""һʣһΪڷصij򣬴ڵֻǺִ߹õķ"һ"ϸ硣Ϊںִѧ߿ֻҪΪڵЧԵġҪѰ""߸˹ϵŻȫעڷˣͨЩ򣬺ִѧͷԣʵ""УִѧҪַ;ʡķ͹Ľͺͽ⹹ͲڱijĹ۵㣬һָ廯ʽDzϵĹ۲죬ִʵ壬ˡʵֵ֮κ֡⹹עط񶨵̺żƽijıأֲǸıԽ¶ڶIJϵǰ˼[19]

ɴ˿ִԻΪγɵ"ͳ"ִѧѭͻ壬Ѱձ黯廯ȻϵȻ⵽ִѧļ󷴶Ȼˣִѧڷϲһܾ¡꾡ԵĻɣ̽Խijַϣַһʶ۵λִͬѧҲһܳԵķ裬Ƿִ廯ġԵۣѰһͳһѧʽںִѧһ֮ҲһģǵȷעĿֲͬѧۻԺĿ䵱漰ʶ̬ʱˡһЩоͼ̽Ѱֶ֮ммȡڽִܺЩͬIJ棬һʡ[20]

ġ̵ܽ

"ִ"˼ִִIJ"ִ"ڲķԼ̶ִִ֮Ѻͽŵһֱ֡ɵ"ϵ""ִ"ĵôҲøµ"Ϊ""ִ"ִԵ񶨡ִܺ˼Ļҡ˾ȵģʴӵξأǶ"ִ"һᷨжٱϾһѾΪ"עȤѹΪеĸ"彲"ִ"ҲΪṩ˷⵱ĻһõĹߡ

ʣִѧһƶȻƶʽ򵥶ݷԭƵ˼άʽѾʤ˼ӻˣȫ󣩣ִѧĵǡǡǶִѧֲӦԵһַӦһֽ⹹ķʽۻϵѧķȡ۽ŬӶºιעΪ⡣˵ִѧ۵ʹѰձ黯׷͹ԵѧĵĻôִѧһĻۣͨĻУ΢۲ȥ⹹ִᣬԱ˴ᣨƶȡṹʵĽṹѹнų[21]Ȼκһ۶Կ˷äһִѧ뷽Ҳ¶һЩ׶ˣһЩϵIJ㣬Ҫڣ

һδܰѧۻĹϵӦЩ֪ʶʱѧΪоijѡijܣ䱾ϱΪһԵѡ⵽ִѧݵĽ⹹ȻٶijֲοܣôоͲزȡһ̬ȣִѧǡǡֱĽͿӦֿ֪ʶһˡ

Ǻִѧ̫׵غѧпѧۻĿԡִѧ۵Ŀԣһȱ""Ļ޷Ϊ(intersubjectivity)Žṩ淶˵Ϊִѧķһij͵һۼǿܴɵģҲֵ׷ġַһпѧͱ׼ӾԺָõһ۵ʵϲȡ

Ǻִѧͻ֪еҪüIJȷʱǿԵԼIJȷԣѶʵһоΪһֻķǿ͹ʵıֻ֣Ϊе֪նֻһ�"Ϸ"ĽۣӶһˡִѧĿ겻ӦýڴһԵļ˵Ӧָͱκ֪ʶ֮ԡȻִѧŵ"""ı"壬ִƶȳСͨƶʵؽģȻ漰ἰƶȵIJ档ҪDzܶԺִѧѰժķ͸ִı˼ʵʡ Ǻִѧߴ෴ִ壬Ϊ岻һֽȫһ鹹ļ󡣵֮˼뻹ûѧձȷ֮ǰŽûѧѧȻһֵûɵ⡣"ȻǿܵģDZȻ" (֡˹ŵ,1998,89)ִѧĿתִıԵߡߡߺͱȨ------Ϊӳִ""ִūۺͳεĶ󣬺ִͼЩз"ִ"ӰӡִֶѧԵĶĹעģδִġ͵ѧۡ

ڷƬ׷"""Ԫ"ͬʱ塢СͳһȨҪãǿ޶"С"΢۷Щõʱҡ׼ƶȵأӶʹִ˼Ͼб򡣶ңһͣʹ޷õйͼʽʹʧȥֺҰԼǵͬЩԤʧȥǵ֪ύʵϣֲĴںͷչǺ塢СͳһȨǽϵһģʹϢ£ĶԪչһ廯ķչġκһ뿪Էڡ

ǺִѧߣǼߣ۵ļеԹʵȻһЩ̰Ѿ˻ӭǶ۵ȻġʵϣѧҪ۵׷Ƿdzѵġһû۵ζлľƽȣζŻŵսᡣѧѧ֪ʶΧ֮Եĸı䣬а˵֮IJҲͲˡûۣôִѧоΪһûϣûмֵҵ

ڷ۷棬ִѧ""ʵҲһǵšִѧУɿ϶۵ĺִ߽ĺִѧûзϵƫЩƫʱԷ񶨵ĿָųijЩǻҪ(Rosenau,1992)ңԺִĽͺͽ⹹ķȡͳѧǷζǶѧijָĽһ൱˵⡣ΪûΪѧṩ֪ʶĻҲûΪѧṩ໥ͻĽ֮ѡĺ׼

ǺִѧijЩִѧĹؼʱ򡢽ԡʽȣȴʹԼصԼʵʱ֮ì֮С磬ǶԵУԵ廯ܳ⣻ijֱ׼ȥжϵȷ׼ŷԾ۶ԵIJȷԣǿΪıϵʱֹضԴıԼڷϳԷʱֳȵȡۺڵС۱׼ķտܵȱ֪ʶţ϶ʵںϿìܽͣӶʹԼ塢塢Ԩ

֮ںִѧдij𲽽׶Σˣڵоʽһص㻹ʵġC.CalhounҲִָʵִԵڲѧһоսȱݣһΪִĹ淶жṩݣһ־Եĸ߶ȣ̤˻ΪԵĸˣִܺѧִѧеĹ׺ܶ࣬ϾֻѧʶеĹ֮һִѧûֲṹ塢ʵ֤塢ϵͳѧκشĴͳʽ㣬Ҳûṩκιѧ֪ʶۺϺ͸֮Ļǿ֪ʶ۵ִѧȻͬṩֻǸӵĽϵ;ϵIJԼԶһ޶;ֲ׷ѰˣʵԵĹҲȻǺ顢ӶģǻԤܹṩһЩġ뷽 ǣʱƣΪһִѧȫִͬѧ뷽ԽԽעĿ⣬лڲٵ飬Щ۵һʱԱִѧܺϿɣ"ͳ"ִѧ뷽һϵбӰκһѧѧ߶޷رܺͺӵġ죬ǹȻԲִͬѧijЩ͹۵㣬ȴܺʶԼʶһЩķοһЩִѶٷڵƫ˼룬ںִ˼ڶ֧ҲԾֵĽԺִ˼룬˸ʡˣһִѧԼִоԼĻӦѧĽִԵķչɶǴ(,2000,282-283)ȻѧҪ"ִ"ʷԱµʱϵ˵ͱͨµĸۿʱıʡΪΪʵķ˼ԡԽӦþָȥĹɲɹѡδĻϣʵԡѧ(ʵ֤ѧ)ҪʧӲͬۻ׼ȥʵ֤ѧоЧԣѧое塣ⷽ棬ִѧеִѧ֪ʶϵе߸ɶԽһٽѧڼǿʵƷʵĻϲ۵ĿԡӦԺͷ˼Էл塣

Ҫοף
Boyne,B. & Rattansi,A.(1990)"The Theory and Politics of Postmodernism: By Way of an Introduction", in Boyne & Rattansi (eds.) Postmodernism and Society, N.Y. Macmillan,
Bauman,Z.(1992)Intimations of Postmodernity, London: Rougledge.
Bauman,Z.(1988) "Is There a postmodern Sociology?", Theory, Culture & Society 5.
Bauman,Z.(1987)Legislators and Interpreters: On Modernity, post-modernity and Intellectuals, London: Cambridge University Press.
Beck,U.(1994) "The Reinvention of Politics", Beck, U., Giddens, A., Lash, S.(eds.) Reflexive Modernization, Cambridge: Polity Press.
Beck,U.(1992)Rise Society: Towards a New Modernity, London:Sage.
Featherstone,M.(1988) "In Pursuit of the Postmodern Culture: An Introduction", Theory, Culture and Society 5(2-3).
Giddens,A.(1990)The Consequences of Modernity, Cambridge: Polity Press.
Hassan, I.(1987)The Postmodern Turn: Essays in Postmodern Theory and Culture, Columbus: Ohio State University Press.
Jameson,F.(1984) "Postmodernism, or the Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism", New Left Review, No.146 (July/ August)
Lash.S.(1990)The Sociology of Postmodern, New York: Routledge.
Lyotard,J.F.(1979)The Post-modern Condition, Manchester University Press
Mills, C.W.(1959)The Sociological Imagination, New York: Oxford University Press.
Mouzelis, N.(1995)Sociological Theory: What Went Wrong? New York: Routledge
Owen,D.(1997)Sociology after Postmodernism, London: Sage.
Pilkington,A.(1997) "Is Sociology Dead?", Sociology Review,Vol.6No.4.
Richardson,L.(1988)"The Collective Story: Postmodernism and the Writing of Sociology." Sociological Focus 21(3)
Ritzere,G.(1996)Sociological Theory, New York: McGraw-Hill.
Rosenau,P.(1992)"Modern and Post-modern Science: Some Contrasts"Review: A Journal of the Fertnand Braudel Center for the Study of Economics, Historical Systems and Civilization 15(1).
Seidman,S.(1991)"The End of Sociological Theory: The Postmodern Hope", Sociological Theory 9:2 Fall
Seidman,S.& Wagner,D.Eds.(1991)Postmodernism and Social Theory, Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
Waters,M.(1998) Modern Sociological TheoryLondon: Sage Publications.
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עͣ
[1] ָǣںִڶ۵㲻ͬIJ߹ͬӪһݹ㷺ṹɢ˼볱๲ͬϣǶֳ˾޴IJ硣ˣڴ˶"ִ"е""ܻ"ƫȫ"֮ӣ߽ܾԼӴĴִıֽҲֻǴ"Ϸ"еһ֣DZ˴֮䲢ìܡ
[2] ִ˼һֳ֮ΪεͨԼһ֣ȷһȻٺԼٸԼԼ۵ȵȡ"ִ"ɹһһ֮󣬾ȫ򣬲˿ǼǰĴʡ
[3] ̽"ִ""�"ĻУӦĴʣ"ִ""ִ""ִ""ִ""ִ""ִ""ִִ"ϸ˵ǶģʹʱָҲͬ1990ԽԽŽǵĺȷ"ִ""ִ"ʱ"ִ""ִ"һָһʷ״"ִ""ִ"һĻǶijһʱľ״ֵ̬˼άʽĻʽĿ֣"ִ""ִ"ָʵ"ִ""ִ"һǨ̡
[4] ֵָǣĿǰѧߵУ"ִ""ִ"֮dzáõģе߸ɴѶΪһ塣йһ۵ɲμBoyne,B. & Rattansi,A.(1990)Postmodernism and Society, N.Y. Macmillan, P9ڱУ߽"ִ"һ"ִ""ִ""ִ"Ϊһĸ"ִѧ"ʱ"ִ"ͳش"ִ""ִ"
[5] Ӻִ˼γɵԴȪһΪɵ¡ҹͬɵġԭɵ¹˼ṩģνĴ˼ң(F.W.Nietzsche)˼(K.Marx)(S.Freud)¸(M.Heidegger)ȻڷĽṹ˰мӹ͵ģĻѧάʩ˹(C.L-Strauss)ѧ(J.Lacan)ѧ(K.Barth)˼ѧҰ(L.Althusser)ѧ˼ʷҸ(M.Foucault)УءºҲΪǺִ˼ҡ˺󣬱ǷıΪǵصصṹߵһҲִߵʦ(J.Derrida)ǡº͵(G.Deleuze)Щ˵˼뱻Ѹٵشɴ˳ΪνĺִĻͳڹ
[6] ִԵĺ⣬˹йʮ꾡ķ䡶ִԵĺһִָԵĸ֮һȫ򻯣ֻƶȫӣӹĻ⵽˻ԵƻΪȫʵһƽıḲ̌ڲϵطֻҲڲͣϣ໥ʽЩʽУ"(other)"һβˡִķΣҲΪȫ򻯵ĸ߶Ƚźսͻ¼ƶȻķջʶձԼʶڴеӵȵȡˣ˹ΪִԵ£վԶǰִ¸ΪصĺȻʵʷĿȴҪСöࡣ
[7] ִָѾһ"(risk society)"ִΪһᣬһϷ˼ִ̡У""ָжԷٵ˳ӦȻҲָ᲻ϲµķգ޷ķաִƳĿѧĽֻΪ˲ȡӻֲִɵΣˣִ漰չ
[8] ν"Ԫ"ָ˶ִ֪ʶĻԼƶȵĺϷȨҪõЩ""""¡ɲһϵĹʱ£һһȫʧܵĹ¡
[9] Ȼ͵ĻҲûб׶˵ģ֮ڱԵǻصģִѧִ"໥ų⡢μ"ࡣˣڶԺִ͵ķϣа(B.Agger)"Ե"ִ"Ե"ִ壻(T.Gitlin)"Į"ִ""ִ壻˹(H.Foster)"±ص"ִ"ṹ"ִ壻(D.Griffin)"⹹Ļ"ִ"Ļ"ִȸֲͬ׼Ļ֡
[10] ִȻȽóԺִĻзȱһۺԵִۡԼʷ˼룬Dzûа˼ۡĻۡѧںΪǺִĻٵҪ⣬ܶ˼кִ˼ΪִȱһۺԵۺۣˣᣬڴԭϰ淶ƶȼʵΪѹԵĶԾܳ⡣ⷽ渣µʵ¬ϵͳֻԼΤļֵԪͿɵ塢ɭ˹ձֵ˹Ĺ۵ۺϣǷȫƷdzáʣԺִһΪ׷ӵʽȷһµۺϣۺڻԵúܲ졣
[11] ϸ˵"ִѧ(postmodern sociology)""ִѧ(postmodernism sociology)"Ҫģ"ִ�"վ"ִ"оѧоȿ"ִ"ҲԲ"ִ""ִѧ"վ"ִ"о"ִ"ѧڱûж"ִ""ִ"ϸ֣ˣڴ˰ѷ"ִ"˼ΪԼۻͷԭѧо"ִѧ"
[12] ""ĸҪǽʷѧʵ֤ѧ֮䣬ȲʷѧԵϵֲѧʵ֤ľѧʷѧΪǰᡢʵ֤ѧΪѧһ׼ٰ棺һΪо󣻶Ƕоѧ,ǿѧģĿǹԵĻԵġ
[13] 磬ռķʽϣԽʾһϢʾͳƷĵλ½ԽʾԡϸϢΪĿĵҰȷ̸ĵλܵӡϷϣӰ½ֶԻʵоʹüӰоɹϣȥȷĸΪλһ߼ʽ۵۾ϸ֯۽ԽԽλģʺͷḻʱ估ΪλղͬķԶ֯ĸɴˣƺԿѧоɹԽԽسΪһĹ£һƪƪϽѧġ
[14] ѧΪκһѧƶһһյһϵص㣬ǡǡǺִԵġˣӺִ˼ĻִǷۻѧƻģνĺִѧΪںִ߿κ֪ʶϵѧ࣬ر֪ʶѹԺȨȨȨʹȨ¢ϺϷʶ̬
[15] ִǼĺִߣ䷴ִĻǣһκ嶼ִԵһ׫ɺIJǶκιעٶijִֺ߲ͬ˵ѧԶҪһ壬ִ߶--Ͷַ
[16] 磬˹ĽṹۣͼʹΪ˵ִṹΪԼж֮ɫ֮ϵĸƵΪˣԽṹӰ죬ȱṹ£ij˵жģ໥ġ
[17] ȻִַҲѧҽΪѧоƶҪ󣬼ѧ""С͵оһ""ѧĶǿѧĻμRichardson,L.(1988)"The Collective Story: Postmodernism and the Writing of Sociology." Sociological Focus 21(3):199-207.
[18] ִѧ߶Եļȹdz¼ԭһִԼٶձ壬ͳһ壬ԼͬĹ򵽴õĹ۵㣻˶ִѧIJִΪΪֲڰ˶ִѧȱݼϷ棬йģԺͺִͬоʡֱۡԡԡͳ˼ȷͻ
[19] Ӧָǣͺͽ⹹ںִʶ۵Ĵһµġ⹹ԤıءȻءغǿҵᳫͷ͹ġձ֪ʶۣΪһ۵ҵִǻΪıĶԵģۣԺͺԡ
[20] 磬ʣC.D.Broung޳һֶԪԵһۣΪѧĻʾһ۵ĶԪԣÿ۶һµġӵвͬĻͬʶּ̬Ȥʵ֤һʹõлͻеʶּ̬Ȥȶάϵһ۲Դķʡԡ
[21] ִ߷ۣĻ()ûۣʶ۸ԴǶ"ʵ"ķ񶨣"кִ߶κļٶڸ徫̺乵ͨʵڹ"ǿṩʵڷԵ̸۷ʽԱʹ޷ֵԱ뵽磬µġ֮򡷹Ŀѧʶ۵о�""ġԵġֵв׼񣩵սᣬʵ˵Ϊɫɫִ۵սᡣԺִߵ̬һԪۡԪʹΪ֮ãġִ״̬һʵϿǺִٵ顣


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