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1 ¼ġ˹˹׼򡱣the Westminster StandardsС˹˹˹˹´ʴ𡷡˹˹Сʴ𡷺͡˹˹¼ָͥϡIJ֡

2 ÿֶСϣһЩͼܹ֪ʶ

3 Բ֡еʥͽ߽ͽͽѧ˹˹»飬Ϊṩʷѧ 4 ˹˹˹˹»ƶȲο֣˽ĻݺͿܣ

5 ˹˹´ʴݱȽϼ漰ݽ϶ࡣѧͽԱһʴȫջ̽壬ҲΪIJο顣Ϊұ༭Ϊ93߿ԸԼҪһһ鿼

6 ˹˹Сʴ𡷼Ҫڼͥݺͽ̻ĽѲ龭ȣ

7 ˹˹¼ָͥϡҪԱͼҳδͥݣ 8 ͽʴ𶼸вվģԸҪղ쿼

9 ʹùУиĽӭдŸ[email protected]

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DDͽͽѧ˹˹»

˹˹ͽѧĽᾧͽѧǸĸѧĽᾧĸѧڽ̸ĸĽᾧڽ̸ĸǶʥĻع顣ˣһڻѧͽ̻ռжصҪλ޷ͽѧȫ꾡ĽֻͣǸ޵⣬߽ܡ˹˹ƶʷԼͽѧĻ

1998֮ǰһֱΪͽǾн壬ݣխðαơĶͽ׫дʷҵͽļ԰Ӣո죬Ӵʮһŷޡޡ޸ȻԼ̳ͽͳΪĽ̻͸ˣȷȷʵʵԴԼȻȫȴһŬڸĸл͵ʢҲԽԽѧ߿ʼʶʷϵ͵ͽڽϵĿȷӺϵļ˷ӡǼ˵ĿȷӣܿͻᱻѹȥΪdzееĵ¾Ӣκʱ϶ͬǣ֧ǵˡǶǸ˼֪ԭɼ̲ΣȰܹͥýĹǼ˼Ҳж׷Ĵ׷ľ򯣻ȾľȰϵۣȰȰ̻ᣬˣĸ̻ᣬ᣻ȶϵ۶ݵĸ̵龭ֶϵ۹ɷޱȵĽͽȺп˵ȺDzãͽѧŷġͿ˹ء»̣Dzڻ̻ԾͲѧƣʹڵѧҲо޴ŷĻιӢţѧУ»˹ٴѧУʵıǰΪƫҿʼԼҲܵͽĽ壬ҲʼΪˣҲͽͽѧܸйͬ

һͽ˹˹»

ʵйͽͽİ·̡Լһ͵Ӣͽܵѧ߹㷺ӵ˹Τġ½ʱ塷УҲ̸ͽԤְۡ۶г÷չҪӰ졣ͽѧܶٵġʧ԰͡ɡҲѾ鵽й

ȻҪ綨ͽ壬סʷǸӵģʷĻعΪʱĿȶıͽĽ綨ҲˡͳϰͽӢ1662ͨͳһ֮󱻰ʽ̻ųЩˡ⣬ոŵ˹ΪijԼɣӢȵصĹʿԼͬʱںڶڽ̸ĸҲǿҵͽɫʡ[1]˵ͽ˶ԡʥ̻ᡢɹҡa holy church, a free nationһִ׷ˣͽһʷԡԵݣһ룬һ־硣ͬ룬־ˣʵĶͽѪҺԣΪһ̾˶;񣬲ʮӢеĪѫԣԴijЩɻءĿĽڶͬܵЩĽĴڡڽ̣УŮŮĿĽ[2]ǣӢͽע̵龭עؾƷ죬Ͷܰͥʥ̻ɹңڽ̡Ρɡѧȸп־岻ǻʷϵ⣬ҲڽʷʷϺ⡣Ҫڵһֽ綨ϣҲʮʮӢЩΪĸ̻ܶͽ

ͽǺճ޵УͻȻֵģǾʷݱ䡣ţѧJohn Wyclif, 1330-1384ΪӢڽ̸ĸ԰˵Ĵͳʥ֮ϣ԰ʥػǴʥϵĻ˵Ҫǣʼ̶ʥķʥͨıΪӢģͽǵ1611ӢնʥͶWilliam Tyndale,1492-1536뱾ĻɵġʥȨڽ̸ĸ꣬ҪɫǿʥijԺȨԣʥ˵ġ̡ĺͺϱΪල롰ϡһԣᳫϺʥļӵľݷʽ춨гƽ̻ĻɫҲΪӢͽ Ӣģڽ̸ĸʼںHenry VIII1509-1547λͳʱڣDZΪϷʽڸµı[3]νĸĸ̻ĶҪǻڸ˵˽ϵĿǡȥ֮ĶӰ»λᶨ֧ڽ̸ĸϧʮʱӢţλꡣλһλᶨͽҪȨָ̣½ͽȺͳڼ䣬Ի̵ˣ˳ΪѪȡ

֮λɯףElizabeth,1558-1603λ½̡dzʵһλμңҲûбͳͨеĶȨ̰ͨΪӢ̻ᡰ߹ߡʹƳΪӢ̣ҲǺİʽ̻ᡣ̻ǷϺʥȻĹעǣʱӢ̻УӶĵӰѾ𽥳·µӰ졣ȻʷķչӢͽѧҲԶĻ·չģԼɫżĸ̻ڽʿʮʮʼΪͽġһʱͽĴǿأThomas Cartwright, 1535-1603ǽŴѧѧڣΪӢ֮ŷϳ̵ְ̡ʦɻѡ٣һнԱϵλƽȡǰؽ˹William Perkins, 1558-1602ҲǽŴѧѧڣƷڵʱӢӰӶġӴӢ̻ڲƺͳչսɯͳʱڣŴѧѧ߻϶ֳ֧ơŸһͳʱڣŴѧΪͽijѨɼһʼͲȺԵäʼվмǿѧѧܡ

ɯȥ֮ոŮ֮ŸһλJames I, 1603-1625λ[4]˾ոܵdzƽȻϲɹƵȡԹͺΪɫijơʱոԼŵ˹John Knox, 1513-1625Ĵ£Ѿʼ׸ĸ̻ᣬϳκڽϵרƣʽƽ̻ᡣŵ˹ȥ֮󣬰³÷άAndrew Melvile, 1545-1623һոijơŸһǿոƣոϻȻһپۣʼûŸһͳڼ䣬һͽͽѧҰķ˹William Ames,1576-1633еһ1620ˡ»šɴ󣬿é˹ֳءӴԺӿʼڱӶѧΪѧ͹Ǹɡ[5]

Ÿһ֮ӲһCharles I, 1625-1649λλ䱾ɢᣬ1637ոǿʵӢǡ1638꣬ո˷𷴿ٿᣬƷŸͲոǿнơɱѹΪѣ1640ٿᣬԼмЩȺĻͳû׷׶κڽⷢ飬ŸĸһƲͽɢڹᡱոӳֱ룬ȫʤòսǩԼƲϺʥʷɱľǣֻսʹЩרƵʶԼޡһʱٲһòؿᣬ164011¿ʼġڹᡱڹͽʿռȨٹࡣʧȥרԵȨ֯ˣ16428Ӣս

Oliver Cromwell,1599-1658һλͽμҺ;¼ңͽӨDDģ֧ʥͽӢ۵ĽϣηȨϵۣרȨˣϵ۵ԤԼΣƣIJ˽ظŮӢʷϾ޽еĽܳӡǸ߳ʥʫƪеս裬1649깫һдնһñһʥһͽ͹Լλʵڽ̿ߣ̫˺ϷؽӢڻɾݡڿͳڼ䣬ӢʼΪԵǿ ¼λųܣڿʼ״̬ʵ볤1660ӭӲ٣ͽԼŷҲ˴¡ͽԲǸεͽй̣пɣͽѹơһʩ1662ͨͳһan Act of Conformity ҪнԱٵ֧ͬ֡顷涨һСã2000ʦԼIJԼǾͱΪӹߡΪߡ1664ܼͨᷨConventicle Actֹʹá顷ڽ̼ᡣΥһܵdzϿijͷԼҲʱʮļΡ[6]1685ȥλŸJames II, 1685-1688λŸҪȷΪ̣⵽ɵķԡͽ֧£ִ1688115ʾӢ½ǺļӶĬĺᣬŷ޿ڵֿ·ʮĵĴͷˡ1689޳ΪӢոľ1688ꡰٸͽϵʤȷ˹ҵɺͻ̵ĵλȻưʽ̻ȻӢ̵ֹĵλ1689ġݷҲʹǵɵõӦıϡӴ֮󣬳ͽ˶Ӣһ䡣

ϻعͽӢķչ͵ͽʲôأͽǰ֮ˣ͵ͽǽɼҵˡͽdzעؼͥκʹɷ͸ȫҵͷҺڣҪ԰ĺǻ۵ȫ䣬ʥķԸѵӣͥݡͽڽԼͥΪλԵط̻Ϊģͽ߲Ҫĸ£ҲҪϸѵͿˣΪѧʽĽʽѧߡͽעصIJǺΰĽãʽעصھߵĴһ׷ͽעذϢչ˽˾ݣӶҪܽʴÿмڽ̻һμͥۻᣬһ龭档ͽһǷæһܣģֺУ˷ѹͽձһ£ϵ۶Իͽĺپϴ¸ĹǡеʥͽӶ˵ǵ޵Ժ˹ԣǵһܵĸ߷壬һվԽֹϷ֣ȫβμӽ̻ᾴݣ緹֮һĽݡھǸͽµӡǾηϵۣһ˿˸еһˡûֵע֮ʳӣΪˣһͨͨˡ֮͵ͽµӰdzԿͣڼ󣬽ʵʣϸ㣬ڽ̺Լԭ򣬶½κͽ̻ķչ˽⣬˼ڴɣ񣬶ʥݷdzϤҪﵽ־磬ɼ˼Ĵ⡢ģģˣѳΪͽҲͽекܶҹͽdzڴԭ򣬲ΪԵʡ[7]ʷѧ˹˵ӢͽոԼߺͷĺɽͽͬǼӶϵĺᣬǾиԲͬͬ¸ҵĺϸѵǵ־ҲͬǶϵ۵ľη֮飬ʹǼȰ۲ӣɱšϵ۵ʥǰηȴκ˵ȨơǵУΩϵ𡣡[8]߹˸κжļǸжDzɶõIJƸ

˹˹»ȷѪٿġ̻ѽ̻ʷϵΪϷΪDzдɵĶʱǨѾûжļֵý̻־䶼ʥͽѪΪһνʥͽIJļ֤ȫǡ˹˹ڽ̻顱Westminster Assembly of Divines˹˹¡һȡ׶صġ˹˹´áWestminster Abbey˹˹»˹˹´ٿġıdzӣ漰̵̺ijͻҲ漰ijͻӢո֮ĶԹ볤֮ijͻڽεĹϵ̻̻Ĺϵ̻ĹϵȵȡӢͰɵDZΪ飬ãάԼеκڽȨŸһƵụ̂ûйһĿز״͵ƣụ̂ûĽ̻ᡣˣڹᡱĴɹʶҪϳڹҺͽ̻еרȨܾƺʹ ˹˹»ʷϾжصҪԣʮӢ̻ʷҪһ¡ӻijɹͶδӰԣ˹˹˹»ڻͽڽ̻пνһָ[9]ĸڶػڲμӻԱѧʶ͵ˮ׼Ҳͬܳػ綨ֻǼӶȶѧҪ壬˹˹»漰ѧĸ򣬴ϵ۵ԤֱּĩСİʱȥˣôӢĴǡ¼¡йȵȻֱ̻ԡ˹˹ΪǵĽ׼Ϳ˹Ȼûʽμӻ飬˽̣Ի˵ʦDzѧʶηϵ۵ˡǼȾн̷ֶԽ̻ĹҲΪмһԱԸɵؾ¡˵ӣ˼ʣǶʷϴڽ̻˽⣬Լǵĸ֤ݣܹµжϣԴʹͽʱûκλܹͶػȣ֮Ľ߲ܳμӡ[10]

1643126գӢ[11]ͨҪϳơ1643513պ612գӢԺԺȺͨҪ121λʦ10ԺԱ20ԺԱĸ£164371գ˹˹´úۼ[12]ˣijԼ˹˹»鲢һȫĽ̻顣ҪȨҪѹҺͽ̻ȨԼУȷ˹˹»κȨֻǹһʱѯԵίԱᣬӢ̻ĸĸṩ顣ʱӢٵʷʹҲǽɽ̻ᣬƷκڽϵȫרơͬʱDZμǣȻûи˹˹»̻᱾еĶȨ鱾Ľк;鲢ܹĸԤϽơ

ʽѡμӻ121λԱУʿһǰʿڹԻٿڹİʿûл롣dzʿڻԱռмֳ֧ʥĽ̻ƶȣҲֳ֧ƽdzȨ֮ơʹЩʩгƵˣҲȱʵʵIJ飬ҲǺδӢʩеԭ֮һǶʿаĽѧҹŵģThomas Goodwin, 1600-1680٣ӰĴ˹ʿ[13]ʿͬҶԽ̻Ŀơˣڡ˹˹ƶĹУڻ巽沢ûж飬ʿһ㶼ڼӶѧڽ̻ķʽϣdz󡣳ҪսһǷΪɫ̺ͰɣǷԹǿط̻ĶɣǷԹҶԽ̻ȫơ

ٿһʼʱ޸Ӣ̻ᡶʮŸ١ʱֹ֧ľֹ֧ľսʧӢɳǰո׶Ѱո˵İʵո˵ʱѾκڽϵɣӢˣֻ¾սķգûκʵʵ档й˵˼·˵ʱոȫԹۣ⣬Щһֱ۸ǵӢְȻ֮ո˳ڶϵ۵ģ˫ǩġʥԼthe Solemn League and CovenantԼȲԼĿģϵ۵Ķ䣬Ӧڸڵĵλͺϣϡ̤ʵϵŬڽ塢ݡȰͺϱոڽ̸ĸڽʽǹͬijУϵ۵ʥԣõڽ̸ĸ̻ᣬڽ塢ݡȰͺϸĸӢͰڽ̣Ŭڣϵ۵ڽ̻ϴеһס̻ʽݹ淶ʴϡˡǣԼ֮ĺǣΪ֣ĺͰϹͬʹҲϲþסм䡣ڶȷʾϳ̻ơƺ͸;򯲻šˡѺ֮١ԼԷ˼ʡβΪЩϵ۵ŭĿǰΣռϵۺȫǰϲ棬dzijΪΪЩǫԼرDzûϧޱȵĸĶݣⱾӦϧġҲûΪĴӰŬΪ䣬Щм͹ԭdzij⣬ԼȨϽΧڵˣڹ˽УǶϵۺһбУŬǵȣĸĸģΩԸʹϵϢȥkŭʹЩ̻ܹƽмᶨơһʥԼ֮ҮͻǰģΩkģԸԼУΪĩеʱDZϵǰʣʱһصҪǫϵõkʥǣףǵԸʹܹ˳ǰУʹkΪģʹЩȻڵлıĻ̻õͬƵ˺ʥԼʹϵ۵ҫʹҮջĹȵչʹͽ͹ͬƽ[14]Ӣõϵѣոڽϵ롣ǹͬܵϵĽ˺ڽϵϡ

ոɴո̻ҵרԱǰӢ[15]Ӣ˹˹»鶼1643925ʽǩһԼӢҲرָһίԱӢңͬʱһʦίԱᣬһίԱᣨthe Grand CommitteeԺ˹˹»ĽоίԱָ½еġ̿ʼΪӢոһͬס淶ݹ淶ͽʴϡڻУҪdzۣ֮رڽ̻ʽϸгڵļҵı[16]ƣ̻ȫԱԳɶıǣʹȫڶѾ[17]ּ˵Ǻõģ̻ĻӣDzϺʥʵҲ޷ǵںıֳҲһϵе⡣⣬ǽԳģʽǵǾڽ̻ϵʱ߸֮Ҳû˵ʹܶ˸еdzߡ[18]ҵм˴֮䶼Ҫĺǻۡ

ƶ˽̻淶ݹ淶˹汾Rous versionΪġʫƪȻƶˡ˹˹͡˹˹´ʴ𡷡˹˹Сʴ𡷣ЩļݼͬʱɲͬСֹеģۺͨһȺ˳1647119գʴѾɣһոרԱ³ɪ˵ĸлعСʴ16471125ɣύͨйļأոרԱûвļݣʹʴѾȫѽ綨Сʴ𡷲øӼʽǰߵݶѣ㷺ӰԶĻݡСʴ𡷡ոݡСʴһֱϵijͽžѧ߾ոһλߵĻ˵Сʴ𡷶ո˵ڽ˼ѵӰ죺ѾվıԵϣԽӣͯʱѧϰġСʴ𡷵ĵһʴԽҵƣҲԽԽȫԽԽ̣ҪĿʲôҫϵۣԵkΪֱ֣Զ[19]

ʱ˹˹»ĹѾɡһοʼ1649222գʱҪʦʸˣֱ1652325ȫֹ164371յ1649222գ˹˹´Ṳ1163λ飬֮⣬ÿ춼ǴӾŵ㿪ᣬֱһʱίԱṤ16431649꣬Ӣʷϴת۵ʱϵĸϮķףѾܵϸĿ顣ЩУûܹԤᷢʲôһϸ߸ͽʱڣҲʷһ۵ʱijͻijͻƶȵijͻʱijͻ׺Ӣ۱ɫһҪӢۣӢۣҲȷʵӢ۱ʱȻҲһͱʱѾʥͽǶôȫҲЩðαơ޼ɵĶţʷȻڰϵ۵ּǰרƺͽ̻רնΪ촷ۣľڽϵɡݡȻӢղûʵгƣڡʥԼĻͳһӢոͰ벢ûȫʵ֡˹˹»ȷʵ߱ϣڻ£Թɵ׷ΪȫIJƸͽıʹΪһʥͽ[20]Ҳǵij֮ȡϣúУȡУú¡׷Զһ̡ͽԣ˵һһʥọ́ʷһϵ۵ּʵֵḶ́ޣܳɾ͵ޣϵҪǵľĶѡ

ͽѧ˹˹±׼

ͽѧ[21]һΪӵĸ˹˹»ڼ䣬ͽڲг֣֮ӢͽոͽҲв֧֣ͬͽӢͽѧҲͬͽҲԼɫҪ˹˹±׼the Westminster StandardsҲǡ˹˹ʹСʴΪգҪؽͽѧ˼·Ӱ졣ѧҲԳ֮Ϊ˹˹ѧthe Westminster Theology

ͽѧիеIJɽеڤ˼룬ͽڽ̻ᡢᡢʵսгֵģͽѪĽᾧˣ̸ͽѧʱһǽΪһ˶Ĺ켣ҲرΪһ˶ͽѧа˴ɫ

1ͽ˶һڽ˶ͽ˶Ӱ쵽Ρᡢĸ棬䱾ʶͽ˶˶˶򾭼˶ÿͽԣҪǣǵУܵþȣһģдŸ˵£ΩԸȺҮͻÿҪ飻ΩԸȳԷ˯̸Ҫ[22]ͽҪĿǰʥ̻ᣬڽ塢ݺϸĸ̻ᣬȥӢ̻Ȼ̵ĶͣӢרƾԽ̻ĸԤͿƣʹÿ˶ܹʥɵؾϵۡˣͽڽ;涼дѧΪ̵Ĺ屦

2ͽ˶һ˶ͽмǿĵʶǰѺνƣνΪҪ⣬Ϊϵ֮ս˻վϵһߣվһߣûмͽӦϵ۵İ£ѵ棬ϵʤΧţҵΰڹľ򯡣ʹ߾٣衱1434ͽܶȰ°ɣΩDzҪκνǮġͽעػͼͥرǿҵԡͽǿͺͽڼͽԾ򯡢ʵء¸ҶƣͽŮϡࡢ硢ӶơͽŮϲ߻ϲͥƣֻݣǰѼͥʰøɸɾûʱȥ׷ʱСͽԴdz࣬ͽļͥעشͬʱֳʥ֮ƽۺܰ͵ͽͥ糿϶мͥݣϲü򵥵ɳ̡ʫƪձϲԼеĽѵͥƷĵطͽԼͥעһɫȰԣҳԼƷȫIJƸ

3ͽ˶һĸ˶ͽѭؾɣͬ״ǵĿǸϵ۵ʥԲϵظĸǺҳҪϸĸͥߵҪϸĸ̻ᣬҪϸĸҡǺÿ˶жʹԼΪʵϵּȻлƣ塣ˣ̻ÿθ˺͸ĸͽɫʡ 4ͽ˶Ҳһ˶Ӣͽŷ޴½ΪѧΪѡˣͽʥijߵҲй㷺Ұͻ塢ҡʷĽ磬ɰټ֮γԼɫˣͽѧɽ֣Įɽڤ˼ģڴѧڽ̻УսϣҲڷḻʵġͽӰҲǹԵģô󡢰ĴǡȶͽѧӰ졣й̻ʮһ֮ҲԽԽʶ֮ʿʶͽѧı

5ͽ˶һֱ˶ͽ˶äĿĴģȺ˶ӢͽȻһȡǿӰԴûռܶʱȺһʱڣͽΪһʽȻ࣬Ϊھϵϵ׿Խѧϵľտϴ˾޴Ӱ죬ȷʵˡ⡱롰ΡáͽȻϲʥͽͨϲи˽Ҳ¹¾սǸӵҪһҪһˣͽɼ󾫡ϵ۵ĹǴӴ࿪ʼģϵ۵ĹǴ˿ʼǴһ˿ʼ˵Ǵģϵ۵ޱȱʥȷ˵ǵҮ·ĽȥڿѰңһй塢ʵûУУҾǡҮ51ˣͽ̾IJǽ̻İܻʱʱʡԼʶѰϵ۵Ծν̻͹ҵߡ 6ͽ˶Ҳһƽͽ˶ͽ߾ûаԼѧڣû֯Խ̻ڽ̾ӢԾӣڽ̵ϵ۹ɷݵĸʹܶڴѧеνڣȻν̻ߣβڽ̵ϵ۵ʥԡͽͿ˹һÿܶ̽ýĸͥټҳͥݺͽʴʹƽͽĻºڽϲϾڸгΪľˣͽ˶Ҳһ˶˵ͽ˶һĴѧ˶ţѧŴѧӢͽҡΪͽѧϵ׷ʼԽŷ޴½ϵĴѧΪԵѧĹѧױǴѧƴѧҲͽġһλͽֳصܶд˵ѧʧˣ̻ҲܾáȻͽעظߵȽҲעشСڼ̻ͥͻͽѧУĽѵӵƷºѧʶͽԣҪԼûбĺ͸ȥDz˼ġˣͽ۵ȥ˰ͽѧУ뷽跨ʹܺϺʥľ

7Ҫͽ˶һʥ˶ͽԣϵ۵ʥԲһԵԴʣϵ۵ġԡϵ۵ȨҪףξСֶʥȨӣʹӢ½ͽֱʷ˹˵ۺʱǶӦϵ۵ĻΪߣǰʥ֮⣬ţʥ֮⣬ʥ֮⣬ޣʥ֮⣬Ϊ[23]ͽʥʮ飬ʥ͸ǵͼݡʱͽ˶ȥμӽ̻ľۻᣬСʱʦĽdzͶ룬Ǻ䤱֮󲻵ò־ʥΪԵĿ͹۵ij߱׼淶ԼıԼ뵱ЩʥƶǶȴҪʥʥνĻͽγĶաͽг˺ܶĽ⾭ңر̫գMatthew Poole, 1624-1679̫Matthew Henry, 1662-1714ʥע͵ڶͽͥߵıر鼮ϣһ죬׽⾭鼮ҲܷΪģΪй̻ף 8ȻҲûԣͽ˶Ҳκ;˶ʱӢ̻ᴦרƹϽ֮£ͽԽ̻ĸĸȻ漰εıңͽѧעعɣɱҪɫɫĵֵר߷ͻͽѧIJͷչͽѧǻڲпα¶ķͣȫһȰ˴ͽѧҲκڽ̱ȵһк¶ȫһȰκڽɵ˶Ϊ֮衣ͽ͵Ƕʥĸ߶أDzʥΪǸȨǰʥΪǸȨȻȰڽ̵ҲεǾ񵱽ijЩڼĽ̻ʿڽ̽ȻֿûϵɣڽϵɣһУһ㹫ûоۻɣͽоۻᾴݵأԶ׼ijʶˣDzڽΪ塢ݺĴе棬۲ӣͬʱҲΪϵɽҸͶ𣬼ܶʤ࣬ʤǿհרƵľ˶ͷ̨ˣ屻ΪǡʥͽӢۡڽ̡ͽϵĿȷӣǾйʷгѶָϾɱԸͨڵͺЭΪѡͽ߶ӢŴѧţѧıҵǶܹõĽľɣɵȰǵѪҺСɵϧȰҲΪӢ˵ĴͳϣڽϣDzϲκڵȨǿǷӡ

ͽעعɡǸĵɡǹǽ̻ᣬϽƸ˵ġˣͽȷԹרȨҲ̵רȨȷԹҵרƣҲԽ̻רơÿͽӦѧңҲӦμҡͽĽҪ͵IJdzػġ򯡱֮ˣѧʶˣǻ۵ˡˣͽƵĿγУɺʼռҪĵλ[24]̻ʹѧӦΪ徫ķٺ˲šЩηϵ۵˲ȥĹ֮£ͻƾЩа֮˺аԵרСΪǣͽѧũᣬܶͽ˼ƫԶ崫ᡣˣʷѧָû壬Ӣũʼջ̵ĺڰ֮С[25]

ͽѧΪһ˶ɫǽͽڽϵɫЩɫڻ̵Ļ֮ڣȴͽͻǿġӽ϶ԣͽѧ˼붼ڼӶϵ·ˣͽԣϵ۵Ȩ˵ɣþȣų壬ֱΪʥDz֤ĹǸ˹˹±׼ͽѧʮѧ⼰ɫʱƣ˴ʥΪصʮһ顣

1ϵʾʥߵı׼˹˹ƶڻ̺ڹ͵Ľ׶Σ˾Ժķÿĸ꾡ȷĽ綨[26]ڽս̻У̸ĸڻͽѧʱ򣬺ܶ뵽ԤۣʵͽѧĽ˹˹ԣҪľǵһʥۡڲμ˹˹»ЩѧҶԣеþȵ֪ʶļ˳ʥΨһ֡ȷ׼ˣĪ˹ܽ˵˹˹ijȲκѧԭҲijҪĻ̽壬ֱϵ۵ʥΪΪĶһ׼[27]Ƶ178ҳƪ˹˹±׼еʥָۣμ˹˹»߰ѡʥۡһ·ĵһ£ɴ˶춨ǽϵĸʶijߺͱľȷ棬˹˹ʥۿνлΪ׿Խġ[28]ҰѴʮ涨Ϊʥʮ֧Խ塣

1ҪۣȻ֮ձʾĴڣͬʱ ΪþĶϵۼּ֪ʶˡʾDZزٵġͬʱҲϵ۰ʾ֮ıҪԣΪ˸õرزΪ˸Ӽ̻ᣬο̻ᣬֵİܻԼĶʹȫʾ֮顣

2ⶥۣϵǷȻʾķʽij̻ijͽµĽ壿dzҪʾûзⶥȻµʾ֣̾ʹڲȶ״̬ȷָϵ۴ǰkʾԼּЩѾֹϢˡ 3Ŀۣȷ˻ϵΪʮ顣

4ĬʾۣЩϵĬʾģ׼򡣡

5ԾۣȷָԾ顰dzϵ۵ĬʾԲʥ䣻ˣϵ۵Ľ̻ûκȨԣͬʱҲûнֹĶЩǽ̵ȷؿЩҲǡֻܵһ˵ʹá

6ȨۣۼʥȨԼȨԵԴȿ϶ʥȨԣʥȨӦܵ˵ŷȻָȨԡκθ˻̻ļ֤ȫϵۣkˣʥȨԼȲκθˣҲԽ̻ᡣ෴˺ͽ̻ᶼʥΪȨƶ߶ԣ߼dz򵥣Ȼʥϵ۵ĻǾӦܡˣʥϵ۵ĻⲢκԻ߼֤ΪǰᣬȻΪǰۣҲʲôֻͣһζҪŵΨ塣෴һдӿ͹ۺȷŵԴ

7֤ۣ֤ʥϵ۵Ļ˹˹ҲΪṩ֤ķʽ͹۵ֱӵ֤ʥʥʣЧׯϣϣĿģǽһҫϵۣΩһþ֮ȫչʾ޿ɱŵ㣬ȫʮ֤Ϊϵ۵ĻˣʥȨԲǽڿŷϣҲǽʥ˴ĹЧ洦ϣǽʥļ֤ϡ

8֤ۣͬʱҲȷָ֮ʥϵ۵ĻΪڵ֤ݣҲΪԵƾ˵˵ʥ֮Ҳ˵ֻнʥе֤Dzܡȫŷȷ֪ʥԺʥȨԡͬʱҲǿȷŲȫ뿪ʥ෴ʥĹǡϵ۵ʥԣϵ۵ʥһ֤ˣ˹˹ʥʼհʥʥƽ⡣ 9ȫۣȷϵȫּ⣬ҲǹڵkԼҫ˵ĵþȡһ£ȷʥ֮УúۣʥȻĽۡ˴ֵעһȳʥȷļأҲϡۡ˽ʥֱӼصĶʥûȷἰĸͲϣ硰λһ塱˶ԡȣƫԵķӣͬʱҲʥķΧӦá⣬Ȼָνʥʾ˵ŴκʱʥʥȫģͲҪټӼӼȻ˴صžǸαСʾԼ˽Ҳʥĵز

10ۣͬʱȷˡʥڵĹաãҪʥʾʹ˵þȵ֪ʶʥڵĹDZزٵġˣʥ˼⣬ϵۿǵϣDZоʥΪרҵͨʥԭģõҲDZԵʶˣǿ˵Ҫʥʹ˵þȵʶʥĴ˴ĹDZزٵġ[29]

11ʶۣΪʼո߾ϵ۵ʥԵĹ淶úʥĹãȴûȫձʾͳʶļֵ淶ɹھϵۺͽ̻ϸڣճ֮ͨԿԸȻ֮ͻͽǻԹ涨Ҫʥͨ򡣡˵̻յ׺ʱۻ᣿͵ݵصͳʶİţDzȡյľۻᡣ

11ۣµ7ۼʥԡȴӷ񶨵ĽǶָʥǸ±һԣԸҲһͶž˵ķdzͽʥеľIJǼ׶ģʹͽ˵Ҳڱ޵СЩ׵ġ˺316Σʹͬľģ̶ͬҲͬͬڲͬʱij̶ҲͬˣҪϿʥҲҪߵĽ̵ͬʱǫسԼʼв׵ĵطͬʱҲžκʥѶӶĽڣȻΪþ֪Ųе£ʥ˴˴ضۣ²ѧʶģѧʶģֻҪʹͨɶ֮㶼гֵ⡣˴ˡͨɶ֮ĸڴСʴжȷIJҲʥͺ͵档ɶ֮ǿ˹˹ѧҲǸĸѧձɫ֮һ

12ıۣʥϵĬʾģⲢָĺͺϱ뱾ҲָӢնָԭİ汾autograph[30]ֻԭİ汾ϵֱĬʾģˣ綨˵ϣģʱϵѡ֣ԼϣģԼʱͨõ֣ԼϵֱĬʾġԭİ汾ڲڣĿǰڵֻǸָijҪļtextual criticismжֳȨԵij˴ڵҪǣ˭Ȩļأʱ򵽵ʲôΪ׼أʮšʮ͵ıɺ֮չ˼ҵսսĺµġۡGods providential preservation of his Word

13ۣȷ涨ʥıġϵر𿴹˺ͻԱأʵŵġˣԴ˹˹»ɸĸʿһֱűۣʥϵĬʾģҲϵصġܼ򵥣ûϵ۶ʥııأʥĬʾԾûκʵʵ塣ǼʹʥϵĬʾģֱĬʾıȴڣ糭ʹûϵ۵ıأôʥͺͨͨһһڴĹָָĴ󣬡Ωʥͱûκ塣ֻڳϱ֮ʥŻпԣDz˵һйڽ̵ıۣ̻նʥϧĿǰֱŷ̻пʼΪɣʹܶĸڽ̻ἰѧԺҲѾۣҡ˻ĸʹʥľڿרҺνĸߵרҵУбȥܶµ뱾Ծͨȡᣬܻϵ۵ϵ۵ŭ[31]

14ۣ9̸ʥķ⡣ͳ˹ַ԰ѡΪ֣ΪֻðIJסľ塣ͳ̫ͽҲϣĶԼʥΪ˱Լʥ͵¢ȨӶάֽʿλһֱ԰ʥΪͨõ֣ΪҪʥΪӢĶǴġˣйͽܹĶʥҲڽ̸ĸǴ洦

15;ۣĿǰй̻Уܶͽ𽥿ʼԾ⾭͡⾭ʽʡʵЩ˹˹ѧڡ˹˹ȷˡԾ⾭ ԭ򣺡ʥĹ򣬾Ծ⾭ˣǶʥijʵȫ巢ʱֻһǶ֣͵鿼ľԽֽ⾭ףҪϸؿʥķʷĽǶȲıԭ⣬ȻӾıóѵӦá

16ۣ˹˹ѧʼǿʥʥԵƽ⡣[32]ƽҪصǻͽɡȷָҪжһڽ̵ۣһн̻ľ顢Ŵߵ˵Ľѵ˽˵ľݵ߲þߣʥ˵ʥ⣬ˣʥǻͽľԱ׼ʥǻͽ߲Уκθ˺֯ɰԼʥ֮ϣκθ˺֯ԼȨȡʥ飬ʥʥֱ֮ӸӦľǸ˵ģÿ˶ҪʥԸĵԼĻӦһ涨ʵһΰԣʹͽѹҵרƣҲν̻רƣֱָӶϵ۸𡣵ȻDzء̻ľ顢Ŵߵ˵Ľѵ˽˵ľЩϵ۴͸ǵİȡϵ۵ʥԺʥĵλܴԼѡߵɣһɵĸȻҲǾи߶θе˲Ƽʹõɡ

2ʥʾһϵеĸ˹˹25ڴͳϵͳѧеϵۡѧҪ۾ʥۺϵۡ׷Դһѧϵƫһ㶼Ϊʥۻϵ⡣ѧĺľǸϵ۵ʥʶϵۣϧѧѧעصĶ˵Ҫ㡣2ۼϵ۵ıʡԺλһ壬3ۼϵ۵Ԥּ45·ֱۼϵ۵Ĵͻ֮ܽͽѧ˴ɫʱͽĴۺͻۡͽϵ۴磬ˣ籾ƵģǶġָľϵۣڡ˹˹1µ1Ǿ̸Ȼ֮⡱the light of natureͽӦΪϵ۵ĹʥͿ˹˵ϵ۵ÿﶼһڣһַһӣǶϵ۵ʥּ⡣ˣͽȻϣѧ뾫Ķַͽſϵ۵Ļÿ¼жϵ۵ƹһУԼռдؼϵ۵Ķճͬڡ[33]

3ϵ֮ĹϵģʽʥԼʽġʮʮ͸ĸУΩ˹˹ȷؽ綨ʥԼĸʥԼΪԴ˽綨ϵ֮䡢֮Ĺϵ˵˹˹ѧʥԼѧ˹˹ƶʼڡʥԼǩͽʥԼ۾ϵ֮䣬ǹᴩڸĸ档ϵʵϵָۣϵԼϵۣkӦkɷkձԵkʥԼɷÿһˡҮջʥԼбkȫϵۣϵۣѡϵ۵ʵkȫˣѡȫϵʥԼҪÿ˻ԼߣΥԼߣԼɸΥԼ𣬲ûмԵѡͽѼ̻ͥ͹ҶΪԼԵʵ壬ÿԱԼԼеӦԼԼԼΡʥԼۣӰ쵽ͽֱӰ쵽ͽľˣͽھУעԼĸԼǷɣ˫ʵԼУǿұ뽨ڹԼĻϣûйͬ⣬˰ûйѡͬ⣬ûкϷҪǣϵۼԼĵҲԼļߣЩԼɣ̤˵ɣΥԼ˱Ȼܵϵ۵ijʹ 4ϵʾɷǵkʥԼ׼ڵ̻ܶ˰ϵ۵ɷʹĸڽ̻Ҳϵ۵ɷ߸߹𣬲ӽڣ˽¾񵱳ķһ˵Ĵͳȡϵ۵Ľ̫1519ʹ̻ḯܣðαʢУ²ϳ١ͬʱЩΪԤ۾ǸĸѧľΪԤ۵࣬ϵ۵ɷȴŲʣûϵ۵ɷԼ顣ʵĸѧIJڳ˼棬ھ⾴ԴʥʹĴܣҲԸ˶ϵ۵ɷԸ˳Ī˹ԣϵ۾ԵԤּijݵּ⣬ɲ⣬޷޴ɷӰ졣ϵ۵ȨרϵͳΣֻk޵ǻۺҡ׼ȷ˵ϵ۵ȨǽŵkʥɷʩеģɷǵkԼģе׼򣻸ǵkԼԽͣеġ[34]Үջõļ֤kȷǽɷľ壬ͬʱҲΪسȫϵ۵ɷͽϵ۵ɷΪϵĵ춨ͽɵĽޣԼ°ϵ۵ɷΪڻɵɶ֮[35]Ȼͽɷ۶ǽʥԼ۵Ļͼܹϵġ̻˶ϵ۵ɷȱȷͽ綨ҪԭҲΪʥԼ۵ԵʡΩɷϵ۲ѡľϵɷѡڶ֮Լʥı׼ˣϵɷʼϵΪѡʾʥԼı׼ϵ۵ѡϵ۵ɷΪ˵þȣΪѾþȣڡ˹˹Сʴ𡷵40ʼϵʾʲôΪ˳kı׼أشǡϵʾ˵Ϊ˳kı׼ǶĸĸĸڽʴķЩʴУɷ۶ռ൱ıأɼڽ̸ĸ߶ɷձӡ[36]ս̻ϵ۵ɷµľǡġ۶䡱


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5Үջϵ֮Ωһб䱾ʶԣָľǻϵ֮һбλһϿԡʹͽžžȿ˶ž͡žĴž綨λһĽ壬һϿɻľ˵þȵոȻȴԽԽͻν̻бãѽ̻Ƴ絽ĵزʹȶڽ̻ʥ񡢴֮ҲʵϷ˻бáԴҷʥȶĺľͽֱ֮ӵĹϵֹϵΩĽģҪ̻н顣Ҫͨν̻ǰָֻнŻ̻ܽᡣ̻Ľʥ񡢴Ȼϵɶ֮ÿ˶ӣǽʥʹûֱӵħԵãûʥĹκ˶ܵõ洦˹˹ѧ̸˶ԣߵ״̬Ļ˳˳֪˾ְֻ֣ļܹͽ綨УΩںΪǿΪһбĵλãκθˡ֯Һͽ̻ᣩԽĵλðݡĽɫɫɫרƵѧʹϵǰŻõȫɡ

6ȨᴩȻĸͽرǿȨthe Lordship of ChristDzûаѻȨڽ̵УûаѻȨڡϡġУǿھѾǡ֮֮ͽʹǼҮջʤĴϺϵļͥ͹ҡͽԼ1646һΪһӢͽ򲻴ӹߵС˵ԼһΪһսԪףʮּܾģǣܿ߱ǵʤߡ[37]ͽϲġʫƪ֮һ72ƪһʫƪӽľǻȨkҪִȨ⺣ֱǺӴֱؼʫ728

7ɷ븣Ļʹ븣ʹƽ⡣ʥɷ븣ƽĻʹ븣ʹеΩܲʹ˻ڸĵþȣҲܹװʥͽлؽĻսִ̻᲻֪ĶɷĻѧͳɣʹûͽʥȫλ̻ʷԸʵ󣬳ΪϵıԵʿɥʧӦеӰĹȺ͡ζ̫51316֮ı༭ָĿǰʢеѧܹĵˮƽƵ·İܻɣԭ֮һɷڶ֮Լеĵλá̻Ҫòɷ͵ǰʹų壻͵ɷǰʹǵǵʽ[38]ϪͽĸѧԺԺܱؿʦ̸ͽ̷ʱָͽڽ⸣֮ǰȽɷ뱣д顷ǰ3ͬʹͽȽϵ۵ɷʹϵǰ޻˵ʹϵǰΪͽڶٶתУΪΪܹͽţɷҪˣʥʶԼϵǰܣҲʶҪϵ۵ľȶ[39]

8þȣų壬ֱΪʥͽעصǶĽ壬Ǹ˵ĵþȣϵʢΪϵ۵Ķ䡣ͽѧĺľȷõһкôϵ۵Ķ䣬ǿ˵л򹦵ӮõġڡȶѧУͽѧǿǡþȡ˵þȵıԴΩϵ۵Ȩİװ׵Ķ䣬ҲǾȶѧҪ[40]ܽᡣͽѧʼհѾΪ塱롰ʥ棬˹˹´ʴ77زˡ塱롰ʥߵIJͬų塱˵;ֱΪʥ˵ȶĿIJڸ˵ĵ꣬˵Ŀҫϵۣҫϵ۵;ͨʥ֤ϵ۶ݵĸϵ۴ӴʹȫصĻʹˣͽѧûԡȶѧΪյ㡣ڷĸѧĹԭʱָ·ڵľųĽ塣岻·ĵĽ壬ĸҲԴΪġˣֻڸĸڵĽϵͳбֳҪĴԣֿܡš桮š֮·ƫпŵԵʵDzģȻӶȴ˽⵽򣬽ķϵΪ˵Ļıֹϵϡϸ֮󣬴ֲͽǻصÿ˼Ĺԭȥֲ˵Ƕ˼ϵͳľ֣˵Ƕ߷ĹԭĽ·ҵƽƽɸ֮ѰϵۺͺõʹеõģֹͣˡرΪõף֣δ׷ɺζ˵óΪƽ֮⣬֪ӶҲ·һģ⣺ҵʲôſԵþȣش·һδֹͣ׷ʸһ⣺ҵóǴӺζԶĻشʹΨϵ۵İװ׶ΪҪеkҫųޡ˼Ӷ߰۹˼ϣתϵۼҫϡӶԾȶdzϿҵģߵȳΪϵ۵ҫ˸УĻ[41]

9ѾٵδȫմɡĹȾǻͳΣͳϰѻĹȷΪȨܵĹȣthe kingdom of powerĹȣthe kingdom of graceҫĹȣthe kingdom of glory[42]ϵ۵ȨܶԣkΪһϵ۵ĵڶλȫضڵkƹ֮£ȫصĴϵ۵Ķԣֻɶþȵ˲ŴڰĹȽĹȣǽսУɻܵıءϵ۵ҫԣֻеʱ򣬵kҪƷеijСȵĻֲָͬʱ䣬ǻʹȨIJͬķʽˣҪϵ۵Ĺȣؼϵ۵ȨͻȨڡ˹˹УĴἰȡʣ85233322ἰthe kingdom of heaven 252ἰҮջĹthe kingdom of the Lord Jesus ChristͽرǿΪĻChrist as KingȨthe Kingship of ChristȨthe Lordship of ChristֶԻȨǿĵȻǻʥеǿʷǣͽԻȨֵʱרһ̣һ׵ȨͽѧУȨ˵ڽΪȫϵ۶ԣʼǡȫصĴʫ472Ϊѡбk֮֮ǰʹʱkõIJ֪ͼ˾ְ֣ǾȨϵеȨ͸ˡ̫2818ʵ˹˹ѧУǿǻϵȨͽУǵڽ̻Уǽ̻ˣִƴȨƹIJħҲǸֵлǽ̻ԪסĻĪ˹˵ϵĽ̻ʹkȨk븸ϣҲǻ֮ݵk͹ȵ棬ͳȻеһСkеkȥǣȻףеһжڵk־ͳ֮¡kȨͳܸԵ꣬ҲͳᣬݵkԼʥ淶жֶ˴˳ͻĸ񡣵kҲеȻȨΪָɷݹʹȰԭ淶ǵߣЩаļƻʹаÿ˶ڵkʥͳ֮¡[43]й̻һֱǿǻ֪ͼ˾ְ֣ǿְ֣ʹἰҲǰѻְֽڽ̻δСܶǿ̻ҪԣעػĹȵĻֺꡣָרսĹУҪͻǿְ֣ǿϵ۵Ĺȣ硶ʾ¼⣬̸ȵʱ򣬲ɱҪ̸ĩ۵⡣ĩ۵ĺϵ۵ĹȺʱʼںδʼǴϸĽ綨ĹȼǼȶʵҲڲϽչ𽥴ȫʷ̡˹˹ѧ綨ʥԼĩۣĩǻġֹ۵ĩۣǩ˹˹ոĩ϶dzغǧΡƵ¡־˹ѧҲǼᶨĺǧߡⷽ棬ĿǰʱǰǧӰй̻ӦøľʥͽĽ١ 1967ĽIain Murray׶ءͽֻᡱϣͼƵһսڶսԼ緶Χս̴ıʧɫͽԵʤΪĵĺǧĩۣa victorious-minded postmillennialism˵1870ʱ˵Ϊһ壬ͽԹԸԶʤΪֹκһײӢˡӰǵѧǶԴʷ̬ȣڲͬĻˡǰڽ̻Ľ̳ϣ׫д鼮УҲкսϣǵӰ첻ǽͣԼʱǼؼ֮󽫽ҵˣڸ濪ͽĩӰ쵽ֳصڽ˼룬̵ʥؽ࣬ΪԵʱĵԤ˵·ĩҲڼ̶˸ӢΪĻ̹ҵʹС˹William WilberforceʮͻΪÿ˶뾡ӱܵƴͽΪIJҵǻȵڡ[44]Ȼй̻ҲҪͽʽĻֹ۵ǧۡ

10ĽʵճСͽΪʲôעϵ۵ɷľ׷ǵϵ۵ɷΪ淶Ӷڽ̵ͽʱҲϵ۵ɷΪ顣˵Ωϵ۵ɷеʱDzȷѾΪϵ۵ĶŮ[45]ͽϵ۵ɷԼΪԼص⽵ϵ۵ּ֮¡[46]ܶ̾ͽѧϵ̺;ȷȴָͽɷʵDz˽ͽѧľ衣ͽԣѧǴѧԵĻԵ˼棬ͽؿ˹ѧ綨Ϊˣ˹˹ѧʥҪݽ綨Ϊ󲿷֣һǵʲôϵ۷ԸǵʲôΣҲǵСͽԣҪIJǿΪҪ¡ǰΪɶıǡthe marks of grace֪رǿ£ѧѧһ顣ܶΪڻУѧһֱȽϱʵȻͽѧзḻĵѧ˵ͽѧѧa theology of virtueرڡ˹˹´ʴУƪĶɷĽľѻͽϵ۵ɷΪӣϵգʡԼϵؿϵ۶䣬Լа˽Ի£ƽճм֤ݵĸdzڰߵ¡ǰ29Ŀǰй̻ȱʲôأȱǮȱɵĻȱĽ̵ȱȱĻ£

11Ըˡ̻ͥؽΪĿꡣͽһǿԭӰ͸˵İܻͬʱԸ˵ļֵкϺʥӡͽѧػĿȣϵ۵ģˣڱƵģΣǵԭǵϣԼıӰ죬˶ˣ󣬽ϵ۸µĶ䣬˶ܹþȵ١Ϊֶ˹ʵĿԼǶϵ۵ȨĻſʷֹʹǻͶĽ衢ͥĽ졢̻ĸĸؽͽְۣΪϵ۶ԼĺٺȾͽȻģǡΪҪƣϵԤеġ210ͽְ٣callingĻ棬һձԵְԵְձԵְϵ۶ԻͽձԵĺ٣һپĸΪٵĶơԵְָϵ۶ÿڹְҵϵԤǸԵְҲ˵ͽĺٲǵһԵģǶԵġһ֣Ϊɷ򣬾ΪɷְΣͬʱܳΪףΪ׵ְΣҲпΪӣΪӵְΡĺٲڼͥУҲڽ̻Уϡ

12Ը˾ṫΪҪֵͽעظ˵ľ򯣬ΪҸͽ޵ĺľ׷򯡣ͽѧĺľǽ̵ιһ־ǽ֪ʶĻϵģʶԼŵ˭ϵ۵ּ⣬һνľ򯲻εķĹѡˣͽᳫľǻԵľ򯡣ͽעص桢Ĭ롢ʳȸIJĿľƷͽ֮ǿɷãҲǺǶԾ׷ֱӵĹϵ[47]ڡ˹˹´ʴ97Уȷظ˻ͽϵʾĵɵĹϵ97:ˣʲôرô𣺶ѾŻ֮ˣȻɶѾΪ֮ԼǼȲ֮壬Ҳ֮ǣ˹ͬô֮⣬ɻرôΪΪǵ洦ȫ˵ɣdz磬ǶԻкεȵĿǷɴ˼Ǹиж֮ģҸӽأԵΪ˳ı׼УӶж֮ġҪͽľǸԵľ򯣬ŻᵼϣʥĽ̻ᡢɵĹңӢ˼׿ս磬ǰʱƬ֮أΪľǽһηϵ۵ĹҡɷľҲʹͽܹңιʷϷͽӰĵطĶǸ߶ȷκɵңӢȡ[48]

Ȼͽѧڴ˴ֻѵˮϣийͽоͽѧͽѧܶй̻ĸºйĸĸ޴

ͽѧй̻й

ʮһ͵й̻Ҫͽѧʮһ͵йҪͽѧ

1920ʱ򣬸ͶԣδΰͽңһһӢһжһΪжǰȫġ[49]ʵйĹ˵ףΨǸϵ۲ƫˣǾηkkĻȥе˶ϵ۵ףˣӢʢ紿ӣΪ޸ѧѡأؼӢʲôħǰΪһ屾ʲôԽԣؼһһǷηϵۣʩзΣ׷壬ȨҮͻΪϵ۵ģǹиġʫ3312Үͻ̡ܽɷѵиġʫ9412

ͽĵΰˣͽѧǻѧչһ۷壬͸¶ǻۡƽŷʷѧҰͿ̣J. I. PackerڡΪʲôҪͽһָǻۡơָʹԵۺϡͽdzĵ䷶Dzǡһ㷺˵ֱĻ̨DDΪģвԳɹΪ򣬳֮У¨DDǧӢĿȣϧֻаȡǶϵ٪塣෴ԣͽȴľˡǶΰ̷꣬ΰϵۡǸмȴͷˣΰʵǻۣߣҲʵߣĿΪͬʱǾΰġΰҲ˲еߣΪֵ˾޴Ŀѡ[50]йͽ̵ʡԼ¸ҵԼķdz

ͽѧڿѵĻ¯ľھʢİٺϻսͽԸǰսΪϵ۵Ķǵĺ٣ȰԼΪ·̵ijʥߣǻϵľй̻Ѿǧʷˮй̻׸йʲôأй̻йӰʲôأÿһͽ˼⡣ѵй̻Ҫ߷޺̻·ڷ޺ң̻ʷҲǷdzƾãлͽȫ˿Ŀռݴǣܵرڽ̵Ӱ죬ܷdz˶ij̻Ტûкõļ֤ͽ˼·DzΪй̻ṩһոµ˼·ԼţйİܻΪй̻İܻй̻İܻΪѧİܻʮһ͵й̻뾭ȫλĸĸ統ŷ޵ڽ̸ĸһڽ塢ݡȫλذʥʾµй̻й

ͽѧӢزҲרƷѧǴϵ۶ĽӿĻˮĸʱĸطֻҪ˾ηϵֻۣҪ˿ĽֻҪԸԼ𣬰ϵ۵ʥʩĸ棬ȪˮӿɡĻĴʢˣһλ̽ͽԴʱ˵ÿıԴƲ֮ԳΪԴȪΪ̫ڸʱжͽĴڡĦͽ֪ͽʹͽҲͽ¹˹˹ޣMarsigilioͽ·ºͼӶҲͽֻҪעڵľʤڵʽֻҪעظ˵ƷʤڻʽͽڡϣͽߵǣģҮͻָʾνƣkҪʲôأֻҪй壬ǫģϵͬС68[51]

ҪͽʽѧҡصйҪIJǵͽĴ۵۸Ҳעµħڽ̣עǻ뾴ͽʽѧҪIJεġѧҲӱεġѧҪͽʽȫλۡͽѧǴѧǼͥѧͽͨͽʴķʽһһˣͽʽѧйҪѧ

ҪͽʽμҡĸڣĸǾηϵ۵ȨظȨ徫ɵĸڣΩϵ۵ɷǡʹɵɷ212ûϵ۵ɷǾɥʧ˾Եĵ±׼ûͽľмֵܳľdzߵľμңǿ⡢ŪȨԱͻŪգԼ˽дŸʱĹ䣺ԼҪʹȨҪЩ֮޳֮ͽֽƻӢҪЩѹߵĸӢЩķ˵İҵвʵΪʹ¸ȴʹƶ빲͹[52]ʽͽμһͬһȸ

Ҫͽʽľ¼ҡصйҪIJԪʽۣҪͽʽʥͽӢۡҪͽʽĿѧңҪͽʽѧңҪͽʽĸĸףҪͽʽɷӣ˭ͽ־أ

װĶߣڮͽ׵ģΪҲ޺ˡڽϣϣǶľԡ˵ǵѧϵУȻԹϣ͵ġȻthe law of natureĺۼ[53]ʡԼЧǵĽȴס޶壬׫дʱͽĽʱʱܵظԼϵӰ죬㣬ѧ㡣Ωиϵ۵ǰȰ츸ŵkҮջԵʣɡףⱰ΢ķףʹʥͽ̻ͣü̡ϵйϺk񵱳ӢһйصijҹУȼڶơ

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һҪĿ

1ʣҪߵĿʲô

ҪߵĿľҫϵۣ11:36ǰ10:31ȫԵkΪֱ֣Զʫ73:2428Լ17:2123

ϵ۵Ĵ

2ʣϵ۴أ

еȻ֮⣬ϵ۵Ϊϵ۵Ĵڣ1:1920ʫ19:13ͽ17:18ǣҪþȣΩϵ۵ʥԺʥܳ֡Чʾkǰ2:9103:151759:21

ϵ۵ʥ

3ʣϵ۵ʥʲô

𣺾Լʥϵ۵ʥԣ3:16˺1:1921˳Ωһ׼򣨸2:2022:18198:20·16:29311:893:1516

4ʣʥϵ۵ʥأ

ʥϵ۵ʥԣ·֪

1 ʥõׯϣ8:12ǰ2:6713ʫ119:18129Ĵʫ12:6ʫ119:140ϣͽ10:4326:22Χȫȫҫϵۣ3:1927

2 ʹ֪ʹͽðοͣʹ˵þȵͽ28:284:121:18ʫ19:7915:4ͽ20:32֤ʥϵ۵ʥԣ

3 ǣΩϵ۵ʥ飬Ųͬʥеļ֤ȫʹŷʥȷʵϵ۵ʥԣԼ16:1314ԼҼ2:2027Լ20:31

ģʥҪѵ

5ʣʥҪĽѵʲô

ʥҪĽѵ:˶ϵ۵ʲôϵҪ˵ʲô֣1:13

6ʣʥϵ۵ʲô棿

ʥ

1 ϵϵۣ11:6

2 ϵ۵λԼ5:17

3 ϵ۵Ԥּͽ15:141518ʩУͽ4:2728

壮ϵ۵

7ʣϵϵۣ

𣺣1ϵǸ飨Լ4:24kĴУ3:1411:79ҫͽ7:2ޣǰ6:15ȫ̫5:48ڵk޵ģ

2ϵ㣨17:1㣨ʫ90:2ı䣨3:61:17ɲȣ8:27ڣʫ139:113ܣ4:8֪4:13ʫ147:5ǣ16:27ʥ6:315:432:4ȣͣзʢĴȰͳʵ34:6

ϵ۵Ķһ

8ʣϵǶһ ϵǶһ޶ֻģ6:4ǰ8:46Ү10:10

ߣϵ۵λ

9ʣϵ۹мλ

ϵ۹λ:ʥʥӣʥ飻λͬһʵϵۣͬʣͬȨͬ٣вͬԣԼҼ5:7̫3:161728:19ֺ13:14Լ10:30

10ʣϵ۵λʲôԣ

Уʥʥӣ1:568ʥʥԼ1:1418ʥʥʥӷԼ15:264:6

11ʣʥӡʥʥͬΪϵۣ

ʥΩϵ۵֣6:358Լ12:41ͽ28:25ԼҼ5:20ͽ5:34ԣԼ1:19:6Լ2:2425ǰ2:1011Ϊ1:161:2;ݣ̫28:19ֺ13:14ҲʥӺʥ飬kʥͬΪϵۡ

ˣϵ۵Ԥּ

12ʣϵ۵Ԥּʲô

ϵ۵Ԥּǵkּǻۡɡʥжƻ1:1111:339:141518ɴ˵kΪkԼҫԤʷҪһУ1:4119:2223ʫ33:11رǹʹ֮¡

13ʣʹ࣬ϵرԤּʲô

𣺹ʹ࣬ϵرԤּǣ

1ϵΩڵkԼĴȰΪʹkҫĶųޣʱ򣬾ͽŵk㲻Ԥּѡһʹҫǰ5:21

2ڻѡһ˵Ԥ˵;1:462:1314

3ŵkȨͲɲȵּ⣨kɴ漺ʩ䣬ʩ룩ڲˣԤŭʹkҫĹųޣ9:17182122̫11:25262:204ǰ2:8

14ʣϵʵʩkԤּ

ϵ۸ݵkԤ֪kҲּ⣬ڴͻ֮УʵʩkԤּ1:11

ţϵ۵Ĵ֮

15ʣϵ۵Ĵ֮ʲô

ϵ۵Ĵ֮ǣϵõkȨܵĻΪkԼ֮ڣд缰еҶã111:316:4

ʮϵ۴ʹ

16ʣϵʹ

ϵ۴еʹ1:16壨ʫ104:4̫22:30ʥ̫ࣨ25:31׿֪ʶ14:17̫24:36Ȩܣ1:7Ϊִϵ۵ķԸkʥʫ103:2021ʹܹı䣨˺2:4

ʮһϵ۴

17ʣϵ˵ģ

𣺣1ϵڴ֮ˣŮ1:27

2õϵ˵壨2:7˵߹Ů˵壨2:22ǻõġԵġ꣨2:735:1112:7̫10:28·23:43

3kԼǣ1:27֪ʶ3:10ʥࣨ4:24

4ϵ۵ɷǵУ2:1415͸е7:29Ȩ1:28Ҳܹ䣨3:67:29

ʮϵ۵Ļ֮

18ʣϵ۵Ļ֮ʲô

ϵ۵Ļ֮:

1 kʥʫ145:17ǣʫ104:2428:29ܵرأ1:3ʫ103:19kУ

2 kͳǣԼеж̫10:293145:7ʹkԼҫ11:3663:14

ʮϵ۶ʹĻ

19ʣϵ۶ʹĻʲô

ΪʹԼҫϵ۽令

1 ijЩʹءصضͻ֮У6˺2:42:16Լ8:44ԴԼеƺͳܣ1:12̫8:31

2 ʹʹʥϲ֮еԼ̣ǰ5:218:3812:22

3 Լʹǣʫ104:4ʩеkȨ͹壨19:351:14

ʮģϵ۶˵Ļ

20ʣϵ۶״̬еʲô

ϵ۶״̬еµĻ:

1 ԰Ըأ͸Եϸӵɣ2:81516

2 ﶼ֮£1:282:18

3 Ϊṩϵ۵Ľͨ1:26293:8

4 Ϣգ2:3

5 Ըˡȫ˳Ϊ3:1210:5֮ԼǴԼ2:9

6 ֹԷֱƶϵĹӣΥԼijͷ2:17

ʮ壮ʼĶ

21ʣǵʼס״

ǵʼ־ɣջ󣬳˽Υϵ۵Ľʹ״жˣ3:68137:29ֺ11:3

ʮǵĴ

22ʣȫ඼ǵ״ηж

ΪϵǵԼʱǵΪ˵ĴΪԼҲΪĺԼǽֳͨµȫࣨͽ17:26淸״ηһͬˣ2:16175:1220ǰ15:2122

ʮߣԭ

23ʣʹദʲô״֮У

𣺶ʹ˴ͳ״֮У5:123:23

24ʣʲô

DzлΥϵ۵κһɷɷϵ۴͸Եı׼ԼҼ3:43:1012

25ʣ״У

𣺶µ״Уǵһηծ5:1219ʱɥʧԵİܻɴ˶һƳӶҲΪұۣһа񣬲ˣ3:10192:135:68:786:5ͨ˵ԭɴı1:1415̫15:19

26ʣԭδǵʼ洫ݵǵĺ᣿

ԭǵʼ洫ݵǵĺᣬǽȻֳˣԴ˷ʽˣСģʫ51:514:415:14Լ3:6

ʮˣµijͷ

27ʣ˴ʲôࣿ

𣺶ʹɥʧϵ۵Ľͨ3:81024µkIJú磻ˣǿŭ֮ӣ2:23ūͣ2:26չ壬ǽܵһгͷǵõģ2:173:396:23̫25:41467

28ʣڽijͷʲô

ڽijͷУ 1 ڵijͷԵĻ4:18ĸо1:28ǿҵ루2:11ĸӲ2:5ĵľ£33:144:13̫27:4еıӣ1:26

2 ڵijͷϵǷԵ磨3:17иٵǵ塢Ʋϵְҵ28:15186:2123

29ʣijͷʲô

ijͷ:ϵõͬԶԶڵһܼܵļ尾ֹϢ1:99:43444648·16:24

ʮţΪ֮Լ

30ʣϵƾȫͳ

𣺲ǡȫ඼ͳУǰ5:9ΪһԼΥˣͨ˵Ϊ֮Լ3:1012ϵ۲ûƾǶһ״̬෴ΩڵkĴȰŵڶԼͨ˵Ķ֮ԼѵkѡоȰγǽþȵ״̬3:473:213:2022

ʮ֮Լ

31ʣϵ˭˶֮Լأ

֮ԼΪڶǵĻģڵk棬Ϊѡģ3:165:1553:1011

32ʣϵ۵ĶڵڶԼģ

ϵ۵ĶڵڶԼ֮У

1 ڴԼװ׵ṩһλб3:1542:6Լ6:27ʹǿk;ȶԼҼ5:1112

2 ҪΪkϵԼ3:161:12Ӧ͸kѡʥ飨1:23ģֺ4:13ȶ£5:2223

3 ʹܹ򯾴˳36:27Ϊģ2:1822Ͷϵ۸жֺ5:1415ƾݣһоǵkǵĵþ֮·2:18

ʮһ֮Լʩ

33ʣ֮Լʼͬһַʽʩ

֮ԼʼͬһַʽʩУھԼ֮µʩԼ֮µʩвֺͬ3:69

34ʣھԼ֮£֮Լʩеģ

ھԼ֮£֮ԼǽӦ15:8Ԥԣͽ3:2024׼10:14:11Խڣǰ5:7Ԥ͸ɶ֮ʩеġЩԺٵĻԤʱ㹻ѡӦǵģ891011:13ʹkȫ⣬Զľȶ3:7914

35ʣԼ֮£֮Լʩеģ

Լ֮£֮Լʵ壨ͬһ֮ԼȥǡȻǽʥԵĴ16:15ϴ̫28:1920ʥͣǰ11:2325ʩжʩеģУ;ʢйЧй񷢳ֺ3:698:61011̫28:19

ʮ֮Լб

36ʣ˭֮Լб

֮ԼΩһбҮջǰ2:5kϵ۵֮ӣ븸ͬͬȨԼ1:11410:302:6ʱ㣬Ϊˣ4:4ʱһֱϵۺˣȫȻͬһλ֮УֱԶ·1:359:52:97:2425

37ʣϵ֮ӻνΪ˵ģ

ϵ֮ӻΪˣԼȡʵڵԵ꣨ԼҼ1:14̫26:38ʥĴͯŮǸгУȡԣ·1:2731424:4ֻû4:157:26

ʮбʸ

38ʣΪʲôһбϵأ

һбϵۣ

1 ˵kάϵԣϵ۵޷ŭȨ֮³٣ͽ2:24251:44:259:14

2 ʹkܿࡢ˳ʹмֵ͹Чͽ20:289:147:2528

3 ϵ۵Ĺ壨3:2426õkĶ裨1:6̫3:17һȺض񣨶2:1314ѵk͸ǣ4:6еijУ·1:68697174ʹԶþȣ5:899:1115

39ʣΪʲôһбأ

һбˣ

1 ˵kǵ飨2:16˳ɷ4:4ǵΪܿ࣬ΪǴ2:147:2425ǵ4:15

2 ʹǿԵöӵ֣4:5ðο̹Ȼ޾ʩǰ4:16

40ʣΪʲôһбϵˣһλأ

һбȻҪʹϵ˺ͺãͱԼϵˣһλ֮УʹÿһԶְΪλĹΪǶϵɣ̫1:21233:179:14ҳΪǵǰ2:6

ʮģб

41ʣΪʲôǵбΪҮأ

ǵб֮ԱΪҮգΪkҪѵkԼİմоȳ̫1:21

42ʣΪʲôǵбΪأ

ǵб֮ԱΪΪkʥظĨԼ3:34ʫ45:7ֱ߱ȨԼ6:27̫28:1820Ϊ̻ᣨ2:611ִ֪ͽ3:2122·4:1821˾5:574:1415ʫ2:6̫21:59:67ְ֣kߺͽжˡ

ʮ壮бְ

43ʣְ֪֣

𣺻ŵkʥʥԣǰ1:1012ڸʱԸֲͬʩзʽ1:12ڹغǵͺ;һϣͽ20:324:1113Լ20:31̻ʾԼ1:18ϵȫּ⣨Լ15:15˱ְ֪֡

44ʣм˾ְ֣

𣺻ΪkյԼΪ覴õļƷһϵϣ9:1428ʹϵǺͺã2:17ΪǼ7:25˾˼˾ְ֡

45ʣоְ֣

𣺻оְ֣

1 kٳһkԼͽ15:141655:4549:10ʫ110:3͸ʥְԱ4:1112ǰ12:28ɷ33:22ͲþkԴεķʽǣ̫18:1718ǰ5:45

2 Ѿ͸ѡͽ5:31ǵ˳22:122:10ǵĹ3:19ڸ̽Ϳбز֧ǣ63:9ƲսʤеijУǰ15:25ʫ110:12ΪkԼҫ14:1011Ϊǵ洦8:28ȨܵطԸУ

3 ӦЩʶϵۣ˳ˣ1:89ʫ2:89˾˾ְ֡

ʮĽ

46ʣĽʲô

𣺻ĽڵkΪǵԵʣԼҫȡū͵ʽСԼֱڱ΢״У2:68·1:31ֺ8:9ͽ2:24

47ʣڵkijкͽУǫԼģ

𣺻ڵkijкͽǫԼڵkΪϵ۵֮ӣӸĻУʱʱ򣬸ԸΪӣһλ΢ŮɣҴĸһԼ1:14184:4·2:7

48ʣڵkУǫԼģ

𣺻ڵkǫԼڣ

1 kԼ˳ɷ4:4سȫɷ̫5:175:19

2 ϵĸ裨ʫ22:612:23̫̽4:112·4:13ԼЩdz˵飬رkĽ״̬飨2:17184:1552:1314

49ʣڵkУǫԼģ 𣺻ڵkǫԼڣ

1 Ϊ̴ѣ̫27:4ͽ̫26:56˵ijŪ53:23ඨִԱĥ̫27:2650Լ19:34

2 ΪĿֲڰȨ࣬ϵ۵ķŭ·22:44̫27:46ΪἺΪף53:10ʮּʹġ߳ܵġ2:812:23:13

50ʣĽʲô

𣺻Ľڵkᣨǰ15:34״̬УȨ֮£ֱգʫ16:10ͽ2:2427316:9̫12:40Ĵʻǵk䡣

ʮߣ

51ʣʲô

𣺻ڵkĸǰ15:4죨16:19ڸұߣ1:20٣磨ͽ1:1117:31

52ʣڵkĸУߵģ

𣺻ڵkĸߣڣ

1 kδм໵Եk˵Dzܵģͽ2:2427Եkܿʱͬ壬ͬԣ·24:39ûбԣ˹еУkϣ6:91:18k쿿kԼȨ︴Լ10:18

2 ˣkԼϵ۵Ķӣ1:4ϵ۵Ĺ壨8:34ȨƵִߣ2:14Ϊ˺˵14:9

3 kΪͣǰ15:2122̻Ԫף2:122232:12Щ£ĿΪʹdz壨4:25ڶг2:1562:12֧ǵֵУǰ15:2527֤ĩյʱ︴ǰ15:20

53ʣڵkУߵģ 𣺻ڵkߣڣ

1 k֮ͽ֣ͬ˵̸ϵ۹֮£ͽ1:23͸йʹ̫28:1920

2 ڸʮ֮󣬵kǵ飬ΪǵԪף6:20ʤУ4:8Ŀע֮ϸ죬ΪĶͣͽ1:9114:10ʫ68:18ǵ˴3:12

3 ΪԤطԼ14:3kԼҲֱĩˣٴν٣ͽ3:21

54ʣڸұߣkڴߵģ

𣺻ڸұߣkڣ

1 kϵۣˣõϵߵĶ裨2:9ϲ֣ͽ2:28ʫ16:11ҫԼ17:5õʤϵϵһȨ1:22ǰ3:22

2 ۼkĽ̻ᣬǵijУøĶͺͶ䣨4:1012ʫ110:1װk˺񣬲ΪǴ8:34

ʮˣĴ

55ʣδģ

𣺻ΪǴڣ

1 kǵ飬ʼղس츸ǰ9:1224ŵkڵ˳׼Ĺͣ1:3kּҪ⹦ӦõеͽϣԼ3:1617:92024

2 ػһжǵĿظ棨8:3334ΪǴĵƽʧ֮5:12ԼҼ2:12ʹ̹Ȼ޾ʩǰ4:16ʹDZˣ1:6ͷ¶ɣǰ2:5

ʮţ

56ʣ٣磬kڴߵģ

𣺻٣磬kڴеڣkܵУ˶ͽ3:1415ȴҪĩ֮ʱȨܵ٣̫24:30ȫԵkԼ͸ҫǧʥʹ·9:26̫25:31ںУʹϵ۵Ľǰ4:16Թ磨ͽ17:31

ʮӮõĶ

57ʣбĹӮʲôݣ

𣺽бĹӮ˾꣨9:12ԼеĶ֮ԼĶݣֺ1:20

58ʣܷĶأ

ǷĶݣǽʥϵرĹ3:56Щݴ͸ǣԼ1:1112

59ʣ˭ľзأ

𣺾ȷش͸Чشݸлˣ1:1314Լ6:373910:1516ʱ㣬ʥʹܹŸŻ2:8ֺ4:13

ʮһδŸ֮˵״

60ʣЩδȲʶҲŻҮյˣȻ֮ܹɴ˵þ

Щδ10:14˼ȲʶҮգ1:892:12Լ1:1012ҲŵkˣʹڵظȻ֮⣨ǰ1:2024ŵڽ̽ԼԼ4:229:31323:49ҲþȣԼ8:2416:16Ү֮⣬޾꣨ͽ4:12Ωkǽ̻ȫľ5:23

ʮ֮˵״

61ʣЩμӽ̻ˣDzǶþˣ

𣺲μν̻ˣþˣΩЩν̻ԱǵþȵģԼ12:38409:6̫22:14̫7:2111:7

ʮν̻ἰȨ

62ʣν̻ʲô

ν̻ϸʱطڽ̵ˣǰ1:212:1315:9127:9ʫ2:8ʫ22:2731ʫ45:17̫28:19-2059:21ǵŮǰ7:14ͽ2:3911:1617:7ɵһȺ塣

63ʣν̻ʲôȨ

ν̻Ȩ:

1 ϵ۵ر𿴹˺ͻ֮£4:56ǰ4:10

2 иֳеĵֵڸʱеɱأʫ115:12931:4512:2489

3 ʥͽĽͨͨɶ֮ͽ2:3942ԼҮڸ·гԱĶ룬֤һŵk˶þȣʫ147:19209:44:111216:1516kǰˣᱻԼ6:37

ʮģν̻ἰȨ

64ʣν̻ʲô

ν̻ȥڡδԪ׻¾ۼһѡ񣨸1:102223Լ10:1611:52

65ʣŻν̻ijԱʲôĶݣ

𣺽Żν̻ijԱڶҫkĺһͽͨԼ17:212:56Լ17:24

ʮ壮ѡĺһ

66ʣѡĺһʲô

ѡеĺһϵ۶Ϊ1:222:68ɴءصأȴءɷأǵԪ׺ɷϣǰ6:17Լ10:285:2330ЧĶɾ͵ģǰ5:10ǰ1:9

ʮЧĶ

67ʣʲôЧĶ٣

ЧĶϵ۵ĴܺͶΪԼ5:251:18201:89kڶѡװ׺رİΪʲôʹkжĶ3:452:45799:11ڵkɵӣŵkʥԺʥ飬벢ǹҮգֺ5:206:12Լ6:442:1314Եǵ˼ͽ26:18ǰ2:1012²Ȩܵؾǵ־11:1936:2627Լ6:45ʹѾ֮еDZø⣬ܹˬػӦkĺ٣ṩʩĶ䣨2:52:1330:6

68ʣΩѡЧĶ

еѡ񣬶ΩǣЧĶ٣ͽ13:48˻ҲǣϵʥԵķ£ⲿĺ٣̫22:14ʥͨУ̫7:2213:20216:46ǹԡṩĶ䣬ͱԼIJ֮УعҮջԼ12:3840ͽ28:2527Լ6:6465ʫ81:1112

ʮߣѡڶĽͨ

69ʣν̻ijԱڶеĽͨʲô

ν̻ijԱڶеĽͨkбĹзݣڳ壨8:30öӵ֣1:5ʥԼһϣĺһǰ1:30

ʮˣ

70ʣʲô

𣺳ϵ۵Ϊkװ׵ذѶˣ3:2224254:5ɴеǣڵkΪ壨ֺ5:19213:2224252728ΪԼʲôҲΪʲô3:571:7ΩΪ˳ȫIJϵ۹ǵϣ5:17194:68ΩIJܵģͽ10:432:163:9

ʮţ

71ʣΪʲô˵ϵ۰װ׶Ϊأ

𣺾ܻ˳ȷʵЩ֮ˣϵ۵Ĺ壬ʵġġȫIJ5:81019ǣΪϵǴһ֤˽ܲҲǵkҪǵģϵȷʵṩһ֤ˣǵkĶӣǰ2:5610:10̫20:289:242653:4610127:228:32ǰ1:1819ѵkϣֺ5:21ʹΩų壨3:2425DZҲǵkĶͣ2:8ԣǵijŰװ׵Ķǵģ1:7

ʮ

72ʣʹ˳ʲô

ʹ˳ǣ

1ʹ˳һϵ͵£10:39ʥ飨ֺ4:131:1719ʥԣ10:1417˵ɣʹȷ֪Լͳ࣬Լκ߶ܾʧɥ֮ͽ2:37ͽ16:30Լ16:895:6

2ʹ˳IJͬӦʵԣ1:13ҽܲſӦĻ͵k壬Ӵ⣨Լ1:12ͽ16:3110:43ϵ۵УɣΪ壬µþȣ3:9ͽ15:11

73ʣϵ۵Уʹ˳أ

ϵ۵Уʹ˳壬

1 Ϊ֮£еĹӣ3:333:28Ҳ˵һ¡ĵΪΪ壨4:510:10

2 ֻΪɴ˽ܻ͵k壬ԼϣԼ1:123:92:16

ʮһöӵ

74ʣʲôǵöӵ֣

𣺵öӵϵ۵Ϊڵkװ׵Ķ䣨ԼҼ3:1

1 ڵkҮջΪŵkԵʶеģ1:54:45

2 ɴЩ֮һűӵĿԼ1:12

3 еkд棨ֺ6:183:12

4 ܵk͵ʥ飨4:6

5 ڵkľ֮£ʫ103:1314:26̫6:32

6 ϵӵһɺȨܸӦҫͬΪã6:128:17

ʮʥ

75ʣʥʲô

𣺳ʥϵ۵Ϊڵkװ׵Ķ䡣

1 ɴˣЩڴ֮ǰɼѡΪʥˣʱ򣬽ʥܵУ1:4ǰ6:112:13ѻ͸Ӧõǵϣ6:46Ŀڰϵ۵ʹǵȫ˵Ը£4:2324

2 лڸĵԼµӰǵУͽ11:18ԼҼ3:9Щ±ӣܼ̣206:11123:16191:1011ʹʽ6:46145:24

ʮڸĵ

76ʣڸĵʲô

𣺻ڸĵһϵ͵£2:25ʥ飨12:10ʥԣͽ11:182021˵ɵģɴˣ

1 ʶΣԣ18:283032·15:17182:67

2 ʶۻͳª36:3130:22

3 ͬʱҲϵڻ2:1213

4 ΪԼѹҮ31:1819

5 ޶֮飨ֺ7:11

6 Ӷתһϵۣͽ26:1814:68:4748

7 ־µ˳ڸͬУʫ119:659128·1:623:25

ʮģʥIJͬ

77ʣʥкβͬ

Ȼʥɷָϵһǰ6:111:30в֮ͬ 1 ǻĹ㣨4:68ʥǵkע䣬ʹ˵г36:7

2 ʹ⣨3:2425ʥʹﱻ6:614

3 ʹеͽڽһϵ۵ıӦ֮ŭȫʹDzٱˣ8:3334ʥеϲͬԼҼ2:12145:1214ҲûκܴȫԼҼ1:810ȫϳֺ7:13:1214

ʮ壮ʥIJȫ

78ʣΪͽijʥڽȫأ

ͽijʥڽȫΪϸȻIJ࣬ȻڣͣʥˣǾΪ̽䵽У7:182314:662:1112·裨12:1ʹõУϵ۵Ҳ64:628:38

ʮͽɱ

79ʣͽȲҲ̽ʤǻ᲻ɶ״̬жأ

𣺲ᡣϵ۵IJ֮Ү31:3kյkԼԤּʥԼ͸Ǻ̵2:1913:202123:5ʹϣɷ루ǰ1:89ҲΪdzش7:25·22:32ʥϵ۵УԼҼ3:92:27ԣǼȲȫҲմɶ״̬ж䣨Ү32:40Լ10:28ǵϵ۴ܵıأŵþȣǰ1:5

ʮߣþȵȷ

80ʣͽǷܹȷѾɶɴ˺ֱ̣յþȣ

ǵġŻŬڵkǰˣԼҼ2:3

1 رʾ

2 ŻϵӦ֮ʵԵģ

3 ʹֱܹԼǷӵЩӦ£ǰ2:12ԼҼ3:14181921244:13166:1112

4 ǵ֤ͬϵ۶Ůʥ飨8:16ǿԺȷԼѾɶɴ˺ֱ̣յþȣԼҼ5:13

81ʣͽһֱȷԼĿǰѾɶյþ

𣺶ͽԣ

1 ɶþȵȷŲĵıʣ1:13

2 ԣڵõһȷ֮ǰͽҪڵȺ50:10ʫ88

3 ʹ֮һȷԻ˼ҡ̽ʱжϣʫ77:11251:81231:2222:1

4 ʥͬںͷ־ȫȻ뿪ǣرDzԼҼ3:913:15ʫ73:152354:710

ʮˣѡҫĽͨ

82ʣν̻ijԱҫеĽͨʲô

ν̻ijԱҫеĽͨڽ(ֺ3:18)·23:43ԼڸմȫĽͨǰ4:17

83ʣν̻ijԱҫеĽָͨʲô

ָֽͨ

1 ν̻ijԱһͬٵijĹӣǵԪףǵk֫壬ڵk棬kеҫзݣ2:56

2 ϵ۵ĴȰ5:5ֺ1:22֪ƽʥϲ֣ҫ5:1214:17Щǵûҵƾݣ

3 ܵϵ۸ķŭ֪Ŀ־壬Խеη壬Щʹʼڽܣ4:13̫27:410:272:99:44

ʮţ

84ʣе˶ Ĺۣ6:23ԣն˶һ9:27Ϊе˶5:12

85ʣȻĹۣ˵ڻﶼ⣬Ϊʲôûأ

ĩյʱͻʹ֮ʱҲĶ磨ǰ15:2655572:15ˣȻҲdzϵ۵ĴȰ57:1222:20ʹȫͳͷų14:135:27ҫиϣ·23:431:23

86ʣν̻ijԱҫеĽָͨʲô

ν̻ijԱҫеĽָͨ

1 ʱǵʥϴȫ12:23죨ֺ5:11:23ͽ3:214:10ڹҫеüϵ֮棨ԼҼ3:2ǰ13:12Ⱥȫĵ꣨8:23ʫ16:9

2 ǵ弴ʹҲϣǰ4:14ϢڷĹͬϢڴϣ57:2ֱĩǵٴϣ19:2627

3 ˵ʱ׽֮Уͣʹͳ׵ĺڰǵڷĹڼУֱеĴգ·16:2324ͽ1:2567

ʮ

87ʣڸǵʲô

ǵţ

1 ĩյʱ˶ҪˣDzˣͽ24:15

2 ʱŵһɲǼ䶼Ҫı䣻ЩڷĹеͬһҪǵϣٷ룬ŻĴܶǰ15:2123ǰ4:1517Լ5:2829

3 ˵壬Ż飬ǵԪ׻ĸȨܵظΪġ໵ģҫһǰ15:212342443:21

4 ˵ཫɻⱻŭߣʹ״̬иԼ5:2729̫25:33

88ʣ֮漴ʲô

𣺸֮漴ľյĴУʹ˶ҪܵУ˺2:4671415̫25:46û֪ʱ˶ѵ棬ʱԤĵ̫24:364244·21:3536

ʮһĩ

89ʣ֮գ˻ʲô

֮գ˽᣺

1 ڻߣ̫25:33

2 ȷ֤ݣԼ֪ȫ2:1516

3 ܿµȴƽо̫25:4143

4 漴׽֮Уϵ۶ݵͬڣԼkʥͽʥʹҫ֮⣬궼ܳͷ޷ʹ࣬ħʹһֱԶԶ·16:261:89

90ʣ֮գ˻ʲô

֮գ˻ᣬ

1 ᵽУǰ4:17

2 ǰڵkұߣڱϣ̫25:3310:32

3 һͬбʹˣǰ6:23

4 ã̫25:3446

5 ȫԶеʹࣨ5:2714:13

6 ޷ϲֳʫ16:11

7 ϶ȫʥҸʥͽʥʹһ12:2223

8 رֱӵüϵۡҮջʥ飬ôΪֱ֣ԶԼҼ3:2ǰ13:12ǰ4:1718

ν̻ijԱڸ֮գҫеĽͨ

ʮ˵ı

91ʣϵҪ˾ʲô֣

ϵҪı˳kּ⣨12:126:815:22

ʮ˳ı׼

92ʣϵʲôΪ˳kı׼

ϵ״̬еǵԼڵkȫ࣬˳׼˽ֹԷֱƶϵĹһرĽ֮⣬ǵɣ1:26272:141510:52:17

ʮģɵ

93ʣʲô

𣺵ɣ

1 ϵ۶ּ棬˵ϵۺʥ빫ı֣·1:75ͽ24:16

2 ָԸÿ˶ԡȫС˳ȫĵؼУ5:133133·10:26273:10ǰ5:23

3 ӦΥĺ10:53:1012

ʮ壮ɵĹ

94ʣ֮󣬵ɶ˻ʲôأ

𣺶֮ûܿ﹫8:32:16Ȼôδˣˣе˶ˣǰ1:8

95ʣɶеʲôô

𣺵ɶе˶ô

1 ϵʥԺּ⣨11:444520:787:12

2 ǵΣԸDZУ6:82:1011

3 ʹ֪ԼûУʶԼ顢ܵȾʫ19:11123:207:7

4 ʹʶԼʹ࣬ӶǫԼ3:923

5 ɴ˰ǸʶԻҪ3:2122Իȫ˳Ҫ10:4

96ʣδˣʲôرô

𣺶δˣɵôڣ

1 ǵ֪ʹ뽫ķŭǰ1:910

2 ʹǹ3:24

3 Ǽᄈ֮У·ʹ޿ã1:202:15

4 ֮£3:10

97ʣˣʲôرô

𣺶ѾŻ֮ˣȻɶѾΪ֮Լ6:147:44:45ǼȲ֮壨3:20Ҳ֮5:238:1ǣ˹ͬô֮⣬ɻرô

1 ΪΪǵ洦ȫ˵ɣdz磬ǶԻкεȵĿǷ7:24253:13148:34

2 ɴ˼Ǹиж֮ģʹǸӽأԵΪ˳ı׼УӶж֮ģ·1:686974751:12147:222:1114

ʮɵ[63]

98ʣɵʲô棿

𣺵ɵʮ֮Уϵɽ׿ڰ䲼ģдʯϣ10:434:14¼ڡǡ20¡ǰĽǶϵ۵ı֣Ƕ˵ı֣̫22:3740

ʮߣʮĹ

99ʣҪȷʮ룬Ӧʲô

Ҫȷʮ룬µĹӦ:

1ɷȫģԸÿ˶ȫأҪȫȫϺ֮壬ȫ˳ֱԶˣɷҪ걸ÿһΣʹ΢СķҲԽֹʫ19:72:10̫5:2122

2ɷģ浽ԡ־ԼΪ̬7:146:5̫22:3739̫5:21222728333437394344

3ͬڲͬķ棬ڲͬĽҪֹ3:5Ħ8:51:19ǰ6:10

4ԸijһΣǽֹ෴У58:136:13̫4:91015:46ֹ˷һȥ෴Σ̫5:21254:28ͬδӦͰ֮෴ľ棨20:1230:17δ˾棬Ͱ֮෴ӦҮ18:7820:7ʫ15:1ʫ24:45

5ϵֹģҪȥУ13:783:836:2111:25ϵԸģʼǵΣ4:89ǣеʱ䣬ҪÿһΣ̫12:7

6һ֮£ͬҲֹܵͬҲԸķΧ֮ڣͬеԭ;ϡ֡ƶڣ̫5:2122272815:4610:2425ǰ5:22235:263:21

7ֹԸģǶθԼݵλݵλϵı֣Ŭʹ˱У20:1019:1718:1924:156:67

8ԸģǶθǵĵλְ֣ʵֺ֣1:24ֹȥеģҲҪעⲻҪзݣǰ5:225:11

100ʣʮУҪʲôر

ʮУҪԡʮ뱾ľijЩӵĸɣʹǸӽС

ʮˣʮ

101ʣʮʲô

ʮԾ:ҮͻϵۣӰΪū֮20:2ϵ۴˵kȨkҮͻ㡢䡢ȫܵϵۣ44:6kеģ3:14kĻ6:3Ϊͽ17:2428ɵk:

1 kԼϵۣȥɫԼҲkеԼ17:73:29

2 kɫ˰˰صͬҲǴūͷų·1:7475

3 ˣӵkΪǶһϵۣеkһеĽ岻ݴǵģǰ1:151818:3019:37

ʮţǰĽ뾫

102ʣǰĽа˵Ƕϵ۵Σ侫ʲô

ǰĽаǶϵ۵Σ侫ǾġԡⰮǵϵۣ·10:27

ʮһ

103:һʲô

:һ:ǰ㲻б 20:3

104:ڵһУԸǾʲôΣ

:ڵһзԸ:

1 ʶϵǶһǵϵۣ28:926:1743:10Ү14:22

2 Ҫȥݡҫkʫ95:67̫4:10ʫ29:2˼3:16Ĭ루ʫ63:612:1磨ʫ71:19𾴣1:6Ľ45:23ѡ24:1522ֿ6:5Ľʫ73:25ηk8:13

3 ŵk14:31k26:4kʫ130:7ԵkΪ֣ʫ32:11Ϊkма֮ģ12:1125:11

4 kһе͸жڵk4:6ȫ˳kҮ7:234:7

5 һе϶ĵɵkɣԼҼ3:22ΪеkˣҮ31:18ʫ119:136

6 ǫkͬУ6:8

105ʣڵһУֹʲô

ڵһֹ:

1 ϵۻ򲻳ϵ۴ڵۣʫ14:12:12

2 Żݶλ񣬻֮κԼڳͬʱݱżݣҮ2:2728ǰ1:9

3 ϵkΪϵۣǵϵۣʫ81:11

4 һԸĵkõκ43:2224

5 ֪Ү4:224:16ǣҮ2:32⣨ͽ17:232940:18kа˼루ʫ50:21

6 ޼ɵ̽kأ29:29

7 £1:1612:16ϵ۵Թޣ1:30

8 רԼ3:2һѰԼ洦2:21Լзŵذǵ˼־ϣȫ򲿷ƫk飨ԼҼ2:15162:293:25

9 ţԼҼ4:1ţ3:12ˣ5:203:10ţͽ26:9ɣʫ78:22ʧ4:13ִҮ5:3֮Ȼľʣ42:25Ӳ2:5Ү13:15Ϊʫ19:13Ϊƽ£1:12̽ϵۣ̫4:7

10 òϺϵɷֶΣ3:8пϺϵɷֶΣҮ17:5

11 ֣3:4

12 ģȴܻäĿûзֱ4:17Լ16:210:2·9:5455

13 䲻ȣ3:16ϵ۵ģ3:1

14 롢ϵۣ14:51:45

15 ʥͽʹκﵻ棬ǣ10:13144:12ͽ10:252619:10̫4:102:181:25

16 ħˣʣ20:628:71110:1314ǵĽ飨ͽ5:3

17 ʹ˳Ϊֺ֪֮1:24̫23:9

18 ϵۼ32:1512:913:13

19 ֵʥ飬ʹkǣͽ7:514:30ᷳϵ۵İţָkѸѼϣʫ73:231315221:22

20 еġġκκ¶֮ˣ6:79ż񣨵5:23Լ8:174:30κ֮1:16

106ʣڵһ˵ǰʲôرĽ̵

ڵһ˵ǰЩ̵ǣ

1 ϵرע⵽б֮Ϊã

2 ȰӴΪƣʹأ8:56ʫ44:2021

3 ͬʱҲʹţܴºַ£ڵkǰ28:9

ʮһڶ

107ʣڶʲô

𣺵ڶ:㲻ΪԼżҲʲô񣬷·졢µغ͵ص¡ˮеİɹЩҲ·ΪҮͻϵǼаϵۡҵģұ׷ԸӣֱĴҽģұǷȰֱǧ20:4-65:810

108ʣڵڶУԸǾʲôΣ

ڵڶУԸ:

1 ϵʥָһڽ̳ݺɶ֮ҪУִȫ32:4647̫28:20ͽ2:42ǰ6:1314

2 رǣ֮ĵ͸ж4:65:2017:1819ͽ15:214:21:2122ͽ10:33ʩкʥ̫28:19ǰ11:2330̻Ȱ̫ͣ18:151716:19ǰ512:28ʩ뱣أ4:1112ǰ5:1718ǰ9:716Ľʳ2:1213ǰ7:5ϵ۵ģ6:13ϵԸ19:21ʫ76:11

3 ǴʹޡԸָαݣͽ17:1617ʫ16:4

4 Լĵλְ֣αݣԼżݵĸֱǣ7:530:22

109ʣڵڶУֹʲô

ڵڶУֹ:

1 κηʽ15:39ʣ13:685:116:16ʹã11:3312:33Ͽɷϵָκڽ̳ݣ12:3032

2 αڽ̣13:61213:232:214152017:121617

3 ԼУⲿκʽλκһλ4:1519ͽ17:291:212325

4 ݴ3:184:8߳ϵۣ߽ϵۣ32:5

5 ֮񣨳32:8Գݲ·18:262865:11

6 Թŷ磨ǰ1:18ϰףҮ44:17򯣨65:351:1314Ϊڣ13:111215:21ϵ۵ɷӻ4:2Լ׫Լʫ106:39ͳˣ̫15:9Ƹţͽ17:222:2123ܻϵ۵ijݣ1:7814

7 ʥְͽ8:18

8 ϵۣ2:223:8

9 ԣ4:2426̫22:51:713裨̫23:13ϵָľݺɶ֮ͽ13:4445ǰ2:1516

110ʣΪʹǸӽУڶӵʲô

ΪʹǸӽУڶӵɰµĻУҮͻϵǼаϵۡҵģұ׷ԸӣֱĴҽģұǷȰֱǧ20:56

1 Щɲϵ۶ӵȨkģʫ45:1115:34

2 ҲkԼijǿҵļа֮ģ34:1314еαݶңµkŭǰ10:2022Ү7:182016:262732:1620

3 Υһ˾Ǻ޶ϵ۵ˣϵ۾Ҫͷǣֱ2:24

4 һˣǰkصkˣõ٣ϵӦҪǣֱ5:29

ʮ

111ʣʲô

𣺵:㲻ϵ۵ΪƵkģزΪ20:7

112ʣڵзԸʲô

ڵзԸ

1 ϵ۵֡ơԣ̫6:928:58ʫ24:298:415:34ɶ֮1:145:1ʥԣʫ138:2ʥǰ11:24252829棨ǰ2:8ģҮ4:2Ը5:26Σͽ1:2426Ϊ36:24kkԼһУҪ˼루3:16Ĭ루ʫ8:13493:17ʫ105:25ʫ102:18Уʥࡢηʹã

2 ʥĸףǰ3:154:5Ϊ֮ƣ1:27ʹϵ۵ҫ10:31ǣҮ32:39˶洦ǰ2:12

113ʣڵУֹʲôУ

ڵнֹ:

1 ʥҪʹϵ۵֣2:2

2 ͽ17:2330:9£1:67123:14ţ4:35Ү7:491014312:2022аἰϵ۵֣£19:2224:11α֤5:48:17ϵ۵ơԣ18:30355:2ʫ139:20ɶ֮ʫ50:1617Ϊ5:12

3 һж񶾵磨17:4316:5ģҮ5:723:10Ը23:18ͽ23:1214ǩ˹3:79:24ʫ22:18

4 ΥǺϺϵɷĺԸʫ24:417:161819

5 ȫϺϵɷĺԸ6:2625:223234

6 Թܣ9:141920̽29:29ϵ۵Ԥּ3:576:12ͻ8:119:3ʫ39

7 ⣨̫5:21ã13:22κηʽϵ۵ʥԣеκβ֣˺3:16̫22:2431ԵϷʣ22:13Ү23:343638ѡƾĿ̸Ľ壨ǰ1:4676:45202:143:9

8 ϵκΪħ䣨18:1014ͽ19:13аΪ4:3413:131421:9104

9 ˣͽ13:45ԼҼ3:12ڽʫ1:1˺3:3áǰ4:4κηʽϵ۵͵·ͽ13:454650ͽ4:1819:9ǰ2:1610:29

10 ðαƣĻѳ3:5̫23:146:12516Ϊܣ8:38˳ӣʫ73:1415ǻۣǰ6:565:1517ӣ5:4˺1:89ͻðˣ2:2324䵭˺3:136:6Ӷ

114ʣӵʲô

𣺵ӵµĻ:ΪƵkģزΪ20:7Ϊ:

1 kǵϵۣDzµkҲκηʽã19:12

2 رΪһˣkز⡢ˡʹ˱ܿ˵

У2:121722243:13ϵȴӱܵkУ36:212328:58595:24

ʮ

115ʣʲô

𣺵:ϢգΪʥաҪµһеĹҮͻϵ۵صİϢգһĶŮ澡󣬲ľӵĿãۺιΪ֮ڣҮͻ졢ءеձ㰲ϢҮͻ͸밲ϢգΪʥա20:811

116ʣڵзԸʲô

ڵУԸе˽ϵʥָʱ䣬kֱΪʥأkرָеһΪʥգ֮һΪһܵĵգ˺ÿܵĵһΪʥգֱĩˣǻͽİϢգ5:12142:23ǰ16:12ͽ20:7̫5:171856:2467Լʥг֮Ϊգ1:10

117ʣνϢջΪʥգ

ذϢΪʥǣ

1 պϺʥذϢ20:810ЩƽΪĶ£ҪֹͣƽպϺϵɷְҵ֣16:252813:1522Ү17:2122

2 ȫʱ䣬ˣ˽£ϵۣ58:13·4:16ͽ20:7ǰ16:12ʫ9266:2323:3ԴΪ£

3 ֻΪűĹʩռʱ⣨̫12:113

4 ΪˣҪԤ飬ǰţȽƣϺʱ˵Ѹٴǵ֮£ʹǿԸɡ˵ؾյı֣20:8·23:545616:2225262913:19

118ʣΪʲô˵ذϢһԸرָҳأ

ذϢһԸرָҳ𳤣Ϊ

1 DzԼأμලЩ为Χ֮ڵأ

2 ңΪǾռǵʱ䣬ذϢյ򣨳20:1024:1513:1517Ү17:202223:12

119ʣڵУֹʲô

ڵУֹ:

1 Եı֣22:26

2 УȴģĴ⣬洦ᷳͽ20:7933:3032Ħ8:51:13

3 £鷸ƣ´գ23:38

4 вҪ˼ΪҮ17:242758:13

120ʣΪʹǸȨԣӵʲô

ΪʹǸȨԣӵɣ

1 dzкƽԭ򣬼ϵһ֮ԼĹһչkԼ:ҪµһеĹ20:9

2 ϵҪǰرk:Үͻϵ۵صİϢա20:10

3 ңϵ:֮ڣ졢ءеձ㰲Ϣ

4 ϵرףգշֱΪʥ·kָشΪʥʱ򣬴ձΪɸ:Үͻ͸밲ϢգΪʥա20:11

121ʣΪʲôڵһʼˡһʣ

ڵһʼˡһʣ20:8

1 Ϊм洦ʹɴ˵ðԤأ16:23·23:545615:4213:19ңصʱʹܹõʫ92:131420:121920ϵԸжļĴ£ǻܽᣨ2:23ʫ118:2224ͽ4:10111:10

2 Ϊȴգ22:26ΪȻ֮Դзӳ9:14ذϢȻɣҲƽպϺϵɷȴУ34:21Ϣڲһ죬м񷱶࣬ʹǵ˼Ͼ˼գ˵ǰԤΪʥˣ5:1415Ħ8:5ߣ렭ҲͼĨյҫѴմ˵ļȫĨԱָķڽ̡֮£1:7Ү17:212313:1523

ʮģ뾫

122ʣǶ˵Σܸʲô

𣺺Ƕ˵Σܸپǰ缺̫22:39ԸǣǾҪˣ̫7:12

ʮ壮

123ʣʲô

𣺵:ТĸʹҮͻϵĵϣԳá20:12

124ʣڵУĸָ˭

ڵУĸһָIJĸĸ23:22256:12ͣǰ5:12Ͷͣ4:202245:8ϳǵһ𳤣رЩϵ۵İţڼͥ5:13̻ᣨ2:1213:144:19У49:23֮Ȩˡ

125ʣΪʲô縸ĸأ

縸ĸΪ˽̵ԼֱʱĸĸһͬʱֵǸֲͬĹϵȰᣨ6:4ֺ12:14ǰ2:781111:1112ʹ⡢ϲϲ𳤵ı֣Ըĸһǰ4:14165:13

126ʣһ㷶Χʲô

𣺵һ㷶ΧǣΪͬ˵ĸֹϵУб˴˵Σ5:21ǰ2:1712:10

127ʣس

س

1 ˼1:619:331:28ǰ3:6Ϊ19:322:19ϸ赱õľأ

2 Ϊǵжǰ2:12

3 Чǵ£13:73:17

4 ˳ǺϺϵɷķԸҸ棨6:1257ǰ2:131413:1513:174:3423:2218:1924

5 ǵ𱸣ӵľ͵ӣ12:9ǰ2:1820

6 ǵݺ͵λ̫22:2113:67ǰ5:17186:645:1147:12ڣ2:91026:151618:3˹6:2άǵ˸Ȩ

7 ǵ԰ڸǣǰ2:1823:229:23˾ͿɳΪǼΪٵˣʫ127:3531:23

128ʣðʲô

ðǣ

1 ǵΣ̫15:46

2 ǺϺϵɷҸ棨2:25Ը𱸣21:1821ϣʣ11:2829ӣ8:73:5ѣ15:112س˸񣨳21:15͵λ10:27

3 糰Ц2:25ڤ粻ˣ˳ΪǼ֮ˣ19:26

129ʣʲôΣ

𣺳ǣ

1 ǴϵܵȨԼĹϵ3:192:4Ϊǵ棨12:231:5ףǣ8:55567:749:28ѵ6:67Ȱ㣬루6:4ǣ

2 еúõģͬǰ3:7ޣǰ2:1413:3Լν˹6:3

3 еûģͬ13:34𱸣̳ܽͷ29:15ǰ2:14

4 ꣨6:4壨ǰ5:8һУƼӱ29:12171:1017ԹӦ

5 ׯأǻͨΩʥΩ࣬ʹϵ۵ҫǰ4:122:35Լأ3:28ϵȨԱأ2:15

130ʣ׷ʲô

𣺳׷˺ǵ֮⣨34:24

1 רԼ£2:21׷ԼҫԼ5:447:18ʡôͿ֣56:101117:17

2 ҪȥвϺϵɷ3:46ͽ4:1718򳬳Ȩ֮£5:1018̫23:24

3 жģıߣ̫14:86:2413:28мӣ3:13

4 Ƶģ裬ʿͬԼ7:46493:215:17𱸲ǰ2:182012:1025:3

5 Ĵ⣬ջΣ֮вܲˣ38:1126ͽ18:17ŭǣ6:4

6 ԼκŲ塢ءΪ˿ְ̡µԼȨ֮£9:2112:13161:62:2931

131ʣ֮ͬʲô

֮ͬǣ

1 ˴ضԷϺͼֵǰ2:17

2 ǰԷ12:10

3 ΪԷĶͺͳ˻ϲͬУ12:15162:34

132ʣ֮ͬ׷ʲô

֮ͬ׷˺Ե֮⣨13:8

1 ͶԷļֵ3:3

2 ʶԷĶͣͽ7:95:26

3 Էʢܣ12:2˹6:1213

4 ۶ԷȨѹƶԷԼ9·22:24

133ʣеӵʲô 𣺶еӵǣʹҮͻϵĵϣԳá20:12һȷijʢӦһˣֻҪʹϵ۵ҫԼ洦ͱسʢ5:168:256:23

ʮ

134ʣʲô

𣺵ǣɱˡ20:13

135ʣڵУԸʲôΣ

ڵУԸǣ

1 øоһкϺϵɷֶΣԼ5:2829ˣ18:4ֵ˼ͼҮ26:1516ͽ23:1216172127Ʒһе4:2627⵼²ضȡκ24:1226:91137:2122г2:2222:8ջ̫4:671:10111516

2 صʫ82:424:111214:45ĵؽϵ۵Ϊ5:71112:9׷İǰ4:11ǰ3:34ʫ37:811ϲ֣17:22

3 ʶȵس⣨25:1627ƣǰ5:23ҩ38:21˯ߣʫ127:2Ͷ5:123:101216:26֣3:411

4 жݣ19:4522:1314аģ13:10·10:3334ǫ飬ᣬʴȣ3:1213

5 Ϊ˳3:17ǫнڣѰǰ3:81115:1ʿ8:13

6 °ݣͺãͣˡ˺Ʊ̫5:244:23212:172021

7 οܿˣء޹ˣǰ5:1431:1920̫25:353631:89

136ʣڵУֹʲô

ڵУֹ

1 Ըʽȥͽ16:28ˣ9:6Ϊڹ˾35:3133ϺϵɷսҮ48:1020У22:23

2 ԻúϷġֶ̫25:42432:15166:12

3 ϵµķŭ̫5:22ޣԼҼ3:1519:17ʣ14:3012:19

4 һйֵ4:31ʹ˷ҵǣ̫6:3134

5 ޽Ƶij⡢ƣ·21:3413:1312:122:2223֣5:12

6 ŭ15:112:18ˣ18:181:145:1523:29˺35:161821ԼκڻٻΪ21:1836

ʮߣ

137ʣ߽ʲô

𣺵߽ǣɼ20:14

138ʣڵУʲôΣ

ڵУǣ

1 塢飨ǰ4:431:1ǰ77:344:6Ϊϣǰ2:3Ҫࣻ

2 ˵ࣨǰ7:23536

3 ǵ۾ий٣31:1

4 ҿƣͽ24:2425

5 Ϊ飨2:1620

6 ΪױΣǰ2:9

7 Щûнƶ͵˾͵飨ǰ7:29

8 మ5:1920˴ͬסǰ3:7

9 ԼĺҪ㣨31:112728

10 ֵջ󣬱ֲijϣ5:839:810

139ʣڵ߽Уֹʲô

ڵнֹ˺Ե֮⣨5:7У

1 ļǰĻУ13:45:19

2 ǿ顢ף13:14ǰ5:1

3 ͬԼΥԵɫ1:24262720:1516

4 ֲ˼롢ͼ͸飨̫5:2815:193:5

5 аܻġĻҪ5:347:52122

6 ɫ3:16˺2:14

7 ḡľֹɵķΣ7:1013

8 ֹϷļȢǰ4:3

9 ʩвϷĻ18:1216:182:1122

10 ݡԺԺ棨15:1223:723:171819:29Ү5:77:2427

11 ԶԲԼ̫19:1011

12 ӳٽ飨ǰ7:7938:26

13 ޻2:1415̫19:5

14 飨2:16̫5:32ǰ7:1213

15 衢̰ʳƣ16:4923:3033

16 Ϊ飨39:105:8

17 ɫ鼮ͼƬ赸Ϸ磨5:423:141723:15173:166:2213:13ǰ4:3

18 Լһе˲Ĵ̼ж9:30Ү4:3023:40

ʮˣڰ

140ʣڰʲô

𣺵ڰ:͵ԡ20:15

141ʣڵڰУʲôΣ

ڵڰ:

1 ˵ԼҪʵź͹ƽʫ15:247:4108:1617

2 õģ͸13:7

3 ǷѺ˵IJҪ⳥6:25·19:8

4 Լ˵Ҫʩ롢裨·6:3038ԼҼ3:174:286:10

5 ϲжϡԸҪϺеǰ6:696:14

6 ЩĶҪǣǰ5:8ĴԻȡءʹúʹ27:23272:243:1213ǰ6:171838:1̫11:8

7 ϺϵɷְҵҪأǰ7:202:153:19Ҫڴ£4:2810:4

8 ڼԼ6:1221:20

9 ⲻҪϣǰ6:19ԼƵˣ6:1611:15

10 ŬһйġϺϵɷֶΣȡءԼIJƸͲҵ25:3522:1423:4547:14202:4̫22:39

142ʣڵڰУֹʲôУ

ڵڰнֹ:˺Եı֮⣨2:1516ԼҼ3:17У

1 ͵ԣ4:28

2 ٣ʫ4:28

3 ˿ڣǰ1:10

4 κȡĶ29:24ʫ50:18

5 թΪǰ4:6

6 ٵĶ⣨11:120:10

7 ƶؽ磨19:1423:10

8 ֮䶨Լʱ塢ţĦ8:5ʫ37:21

9 ڱеϲ塢ţ·16:1012

10 ѹ22:2925:17

11 թ̫23:2522:12

12 лܻߣʫ15:515:34

13 ޸ݵϣǰ6:683:2930

14 ǷȦأռ5:821:6

15 ڻ棨11:26

16 ²Ϻϵɷְҵͽ19:192425

17 ԼȡᣬΥ壬鷸֮£20:195:421:6

18 ̰ģ·12:15

19 ֿϵIJǰ6:53:223:5ʫ62:10

20 ڻȡءʹò֮£СšͶӪ̫6:2531345:12

21 ʢĻƽʫ73:337:17

22 и3:1118:9ӻƲIJ˷ѣ

23 Լвǵⲿҵ21:1723:202128:19ʹúϵ͸ǵIJҵĸ4:86:2ǰ5:8

ʮţھ

143ʣھʲô

𣺵ھ:ټ֤ݺˡ20:16

144ʣڵھУʲôΣ

ڵھУ:

1 ز֮ijʵ8:16

2 ز˺Լ12

3 Ϊʵͦ31:89

4 к͹֮ϣ19:1514:525Լϣģʫ15:2ijʵ19:9ƴۣ19:457:19ƫң14:1820ʵʵ˵ֻʵֺࣨ1:17184:25

5 ԰ˣ6:9ǰ13:7

6 ǵԸкΪ֮ϲ1:8Լ4Լ34

7 Ϊǵѹֺ2:412:21ڣ17:9ǰ4:8

8 ǵĶͺ£ǰ1:4571:45

9 Ϊǵ޹绤22:14

10 ǵĺϢԸܣǰ13:67Ϣ⹶ͬʫ15:3

11 ߣ25:23ߣ26:2425̰ߣʫ101:5

12 ϧԼҪʱԱ绤22:1Լ8:49

13 غϺϵɷԣʫ15:4

14 ʵġʵġɰġģҪ졢У4:8

145ʣڵھУֹʲôУ ڵھУֹ:

1 һ˺ʵ£17:2816:31:9101516ر˾У19:151:4

2 ṩα֤19:56:1619

3 ʹټ֤ͽ6:13

4 Ϊа֮±绤ʵǣҮ9:35ͽ24:25ʫ12:3452:14

5 о17:1521:914

6 Ϊ񣬳ƶΪƣ˵õĹڶˣѶ˵õĹˣ5:23

7 ԣʫ119:69·19:816:57

8 ڸʵ֮࣬²رֳĬ5:113:8ͽ5:3894:6

9 Ӧָʱȴֱԣ1:619:17Ҳߣ59:4

10 ˵滰ȴʱˣ19:11Ĵ⣨22:910ʫ52:15ߵڰףʫ56:5Լ2:19̫26:6061ԴǺģɣʵ壨3:526:79

11 ˵滰59:13

12 ˵ѣ19:113:9

13 ̰ʫ50:20

14 ʫ15:3

15 4:11Ү38:4

16 ŪǷǣ19:16

17 ҥԣ1:2930

18 Ūˣ21:94:29

19 ˣǰ6:10

20 ۶ϣ̫7:1

21 ̣ͽ28:4

22 ۶ϲ38:242:1

23 ˵Ŀġж6:683:8ʫ69:101:131510:3

24 컬ࣨʫ12:23

25 Կ䣨3:2

26 ԸԴ󣬸̧ˣԷƱСˣ·18:91112:16ǰ4:6ͽ12:224:1014

27 ϵ۵Ķͺ£27:56

28 ëã̫7:35

29 ̹ȴزأѰҽڣ28:1330:203:1213Ү2:355:254:9

30 й©˲й©9:2225:910

31 ɢҥԣ23:1

32 Żԣ29:12

33 ڶı绤ͽ7:565731:1314

34 Բɣǰ13:5ǰ6:4

35 Աõ٣ŭ11:29̫21:15ͼ𺦣4:1213裬˻ϲҮ48:27

36 ӱˣϷŪʫ35:151621̫27:2829

37 ˣ16ͽ12:22

38 ΥϺϵɷŵԣ1:313:3

39 Թ֮£ģ2:24

40 ³֮£ȥԼУ򲻼ӻرܣδˣ13:121335:896:33

ʮʮ

146ʣʮʲô

𣺵ʮ:̰˵ķݣҲ̰˵ӡ澡ţ¿һеġ

147ʣڵʮУʲôΣ

ڵʮУ:

1 Լľȫ֪㣨13:5ǰ6:6

2 ֱʰľԴǵᣬǹغ˵һеĶУԴٽ˵洦Ϊ31:2912:15ʫ122:79ǰ1:5˹10:3ǰ13:47

148ʣڵʮУֹʲôУ

ڵʮУֹ:

1 Լ״21:4˹5:13ǰ10:10

2 ƿʣ5:263:1416ܣʫ112:9102:10

3 ӵеIJ̰а飨7:7813:93:55:21

ʮһȫؽ

149ʣȫϵ۵Ľ

𣺲ǿԼ3:2Լ15:58:3ǿܵκζ䣬ȫϵ۵Ľ7:20ԼҼ1:8107:1819˼6:58:21Ϊϣ3:9193:213Υϵ۵Ľ

ʮij̶

150ʣһΥϵɷ£䱾ϵ۵Уͬ

һΥϵɷ£ͬģ෴Щ䱾ijЩڣϵ۵УȱΪԼ19:118:61315ԼҼ5:16ʫ78:173256

151ʣЩʹijЩأʲô

ļ:

1뷸֮йصģҮ2:8ǵԽ󣨲32:794:13ԽḻܵĶԽࣨ11:49ڼ֤12:14ǰ5:1ͣ4:17·12:4748λҮ5:45ְ֣12:798:1112ϣ֪Ϊʦ2:1724Чİ2:1114

2뱻ֺйصģ̫21:3839ֱðϵۣ12:79kԣ2:4;ݣ1:814ֱð͵kĶ䣨2:2312:25ֱðʥ飨10:29̫12:3132kļ֤4:30͹6:46ֱð𳤡λ֮ˣʿ812:893:5Լرϵεˣ30:17ֺ12:15ʫ55:1215ֱðʥͽ2:81011̫18:6ǰ6:817:6رЩĵ֣ǰ8:111214:131521ðǻκ˵꣨13:19ǰ8:1218:1218̫23:15Լ˺˻˵Ĺͬ棨ǰ2:151622:20

3뷸йصģ6:3033ֱΥɷȷݣ9:101211:910Υ3:5ǰ6:105:812ͼıΪϣ1:1415̫5:222:1̰ˣ̫18:72:2324Ҳ貹22:2228296:3235ɶ̫֮11:2124Լ15:221:332:6УĦ4:811Ү5:3Ȼ֮⣨1:2627𱸣1:325:223:1011˽µȰ루29:1̻ľ䣨3:10̫18:17ҵУ27:2223:35⣨ʫ36:4⣨Ү6:16⣨15:3021:14޳ܣҮ3:37:13Կ䣨ʫ52:1⣨Լ10ŴΣ14:22̣7:1112Υǵĵ桢ġŵʫ78:3437Ү2:2042:562021Ը5:4620:25Լ26:25ϵۻ˵Լ2:1717:1819ڻڸ֮,̬ȣҲ34:811˺2:2022Ȼǻϲ2:1457:17

4뷸ʱ䣨5:26͵ص㣨Ү7:1026:10йصģգ23:3739ϵ۵ʱ䣨58:37ǡڴǰǰ11:2021ǡڴ˺Ү7:8107:1415Լ13:2730򲻹衢ʧܵİ9:1314ڹڳʹ̼ۣܵ16:222:2224

ʮͷӱ

152ʣϵ۵Уÿһηʲô

ÿһηСķðϵ۵Ȩ2:1011ƣ20:12ʥࣨ1:1310:311:4445ðϵ۹ɷԼҼ3:47:12ڽ3:3928:1568̫25:41ܵkķŭ磨5:63:10ıѪ޷Բ9:22ǰ1:1819

153ʣΪǿӱΥɷܵŭ磬ϵҪУ

ΪǿӱΥɷܵŭ磬ϵҪkڸģҮջͽ20:21̫3:78·13:35ͽ16:3031Լ3:1618ʹЩ԰ѵkбĶݴݸǵⲿߣ2:158:3336

ʮģɶ֮

154ʣѵkбĶݴǣƾⲿʲô

𣺻ѵkбĶݴǣƾⲿͨǵkеɶ֮رʥʥ͵棻kһѡЧʹǵþȣ̫28:1920ͽ2:424647

ʮ壮ʥɶ֮

155ʣʥЧʹ˵þأ

ʥʹǽΪЧɶ֮:

1 ˣ8:8ͽ26:18ʫ19:8ʹ֪ǫǰ14:242534:18192628

2 ʹңǹͽ2:37418:2739

3 ʹǺϺk״ֺ3:18ǣʹ˳kּ⣨ֺ10:466:17

4 ǣֵ̽Ͱܻ̫4:47106:1617ʫ19:11ǰ10:11

5 ڶаǽͽ20:323:1517ʹǵŵþ,Ϊʥ࣬Űο16:25ǰ3:210111315:4

ʮ

156ʣDzе˶Ҫ

𣺾ܲе˶Թڶ31:911138:239:35˶ӦĶʥ17:191:3Լ5:3978:57ҪԼĶҲԼļһĶ6:6918:1719ʫ78:57Ϊ˴һĿģҪʥԭķɸͨõԣǰ14:6911121516242728

157ʣӦζ

1 Ը߶ȵľη֮Ķʫ19:108:31024:734:2766:2

2 ȷʥϵ۵Ļǰ1:1921Ωϵʹʥ·24:45ֺ3:1316

3 Ըʶš˳ϵʥеּ⣨17:1020

4 ڲ鿼ͽ17:11ʥݺͷΧͽ8:3034·10:2628

5 Ĭ루ʫ1:2119:97Ӧã34:21Ἲ3:533:3棨2:16ʫ119:187:68֮

ʮߣ

158ʣ˭Խأ

ֻоֵ߱Ķͣǰ3:24:8114:62:7ֺ3:6õʵϿɣٴһְֵˣҮ14:1510:155:4ǰ12:2829ǰ3:104:145:22ܽ

159ʣٴϵʥԵӦν

ٴϵʥԵˣӦ

1 Ľ壨2:18ͽ18:25۵ʱʱҪרģ4:2

2 ǰ14:19ǻίʥʹ֤ܵǰ2:4ϵ۸ּ⴫ȫͽ20:27

3 ڵҪǻۣ1:282:15ϵ۵ĻӦϣǰ3:21:1517

4 ȣͽ18:25ϵۣǰ3:21:1517ϵ۵4:12ֺ12:15

5 ϳʵʵֺ2:174:2Ŀʹϵ۵ҫǰ2:46Լ7:18ʹϵ۵ڸĹǰ9:1922ֺͣ12:194:12þȶǰ4:16ͽ26:1618

ʮˣ

160ʣʲôҪ

ЩˣӦ

1 㣨8:34Ԥǰ2:12·8:18͵棨ʫ119:186:1819֮ 2 Ҫʥͽ17:11

3 ģ4:2ģ2:10ǫ1:21Ըģͽ17:11Ϊϵ֮ܣǰ2:13

4 Ĭ루·9:442:1̸ۣ·24:146:67

5 2:1ʫ119:11

6 Լн·8:151:25

ʮţʥɶ֮

161ʣʥΪЧأ

ʥΪЧߣ䱾ʲôȨܣҲΪԴʩߵľ򶯻Ωʥкͻףkʥߣǰ3:21ͽ8:1323ǰ3:6712:13

162ʣʥʲô

ʥǻ̻ʥɶ֮17:71012̫28:1926:2628Щڶ֮Լеˣ15:812:48

1 ӡ֤4:11ǰ11:2425kбĶݣͽ2:38ǰ10:16

2 ̡ǿǵģԼ£4:113:27

3 Ҫ˳6:34ǰ10:21

4 ֤ϧDZ˴֮İĺͽͨ4:25ǰ12:13

5 ʹЩò˷ֱ2:111234:14

163ʣʥļ棿

ʥ棬

1 һڵεļǺţǸݻķԸʹõģ

2 һĶݣ̫3:11ǰ3:212:2829

164ʣԼʱ̻˶ʥ

Լʱֻ̻ʥһϴһʥ̫ͣ28:19ǰ11:23

ʮϴ

165ʣϴʲô

ϴԼʥ񡣻ԸӡʥΪˮʩϴ̫28:19

1 Ϊϣ3:27ŵkıѪ⣨1:41:5ŵkʥ3:55:26ıӡ֤

2 Ҳǵöӵ֣3:2627ǰ15:296:5ıӡ֤

3 ɴϴׯϵعν̻ᣨǰ12:13ԼΪȫ˹Ω6:4

166ʣӦΪ˭ʩϴ

𣺶Щν̻֮⣬Ӧ֮ԼǾߣֱǹϹŻԸ˳kſΪʩϴͽ8:3638ĸ˫һѹϹŻԸ˳kӤڶԼ֮ڣӦʩϴ17:793:9142:1112ͽ2:38394:1112ǰ7:14̫28:19·18:151611:16

167ʣʹǵϴЧ?

ҪʹϴЧ˳ӵĵΣһһе£ر̽ʱ򣬵dzϯϴʱ򣬸ˣ2:11126:4611ʹǵϴЧķ:

1 Ըж˼ϴʣϴĿģϴʩ벢ӡ֤ȨͶݣԼϴʱׯԣ6:35

2 Ҫǵۣϴ֮ͳŵĿǫǰ1:11136:23

3 ȷ⣬Լϴӡ֤ĸ֣4:1112ǰ3:21

4 ӻ븴ȡϴǹkΪҪڶѣ6:35

5 Ŭ3:2627Ϊʥ๫壨6:22ЩϴаԼֽиһͽ2:38

6 ñ˴మΪͬһʥϴͬһ壨ǰ12:132527

ʮһʥ

168ʣʥʲô

ʥԼʥҮջķԸַܱƣk·22:20

1 Щܵ˳ԺȵkѪڶг̫26:2628ǰ11:2326

2 ϺͽͨԼ̣ǰ10:16

3 Ϊ֫,ǵĸжǰ11:24ϵ۵ʥԼǰ10:141621˴֮İԼ֤£ǰ10:17

169ʣָʥзַƣ

𣺻ָߣʩʥһʥ֮Уʥ͵Ļж棬ѱƴͨ;зֱѱƶַߣҲͬݻķԸ£ٺǾƣԸжļΪǶᣬıѪΪǶǰ11:2324̫26:262814:2224·22:1920

170ʣʥУЩܵγԺȻѪأ

ʥУ

1 Ѫʵػڱ֮УҲͬڣҲڱ֮£ͽ3:21ǶߵĶԣڣڵʵƱǵⲿйٵʵһ̫26:2628

2 ԣЩʥаܵˣȷʵгԺȻѪʵķʽķʽ

3 ǽģȴҲʵأǰ11:2429ܶʮּܵĻԼkһжݣԼУǰ10:16

171ʣʥ֮ǰЩܵӦԤԼ ʥ֮ǰЩܵˣ

1 ӦʡԼǰ11:28Ƿڻ棨ֺ13:5

2 ʡԼͿǷǰ5:712:15

3 ʡԼ֪ʶǰ11:29ģǰ13:5̫26:28ͻڸģ12:10ǰ11:31ʵԺͳ̶ȣ

4 ʡԼϵ۵İԵֵİǰ10:1617ͽ2:4647˵İǰ5:811:1820ǷˡЩԼˣ̫5:2324

5 ʡԼǷĽ55:1Լ7:37

6 ʡԼǷ˳ǰ5:78

7 ²Щ£ǰ11:252610:212224ʫ26:6Ĭ루ǰ11:2425е棨30:1819̫26:26

172ʣԼڻ߻ԼûԤ˿

ʥ

𣺻Լڻ߻ԼûΪʥԤ

1 ˻зݣȻǶԴ˻ûдﵽȷţ1:10ԼҼ5:13ʫ8877:1122:47

2 dzڴǶܵӰ죨54:710̫5:34ʫ31:2273:132223ȷʵĽԼڻ3:89ʫ10:1742:12511Ը2:1950:10ʫ66:1820ôϵ۾Ϳȷзݣ

3 ңΪϵ۵ӦԼkһʥĿģҪοĵĻͽ40:112931̫11:2812:2026:28

4 ԣ£ҪΪԼIJűˣ9:24ŬԼĻɣͽ2:3716:30

5 ֮ԲӦμʥͣʹԼԼ̣4:11ǰ11:28

173ʣDzйμʥ͵ˣɲμأ

𣺾ܹţȴ֪⣬ⷸˣμʥ̻ͣݻ͸ȨԲӦֹDzμʥͣǰ11:2731̫7:6ǰ523ǰ5:22ֱǽܽѵıΪֹֺ2:7

174ʣʥһʥʩеʱ򣬶ЩܵʲôҪ

Щʥ͵ˣʥʩڼ䣬

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2 עӱƣʥ͵ÿһϸڣ24:8̫26:28

3 ķֱ壨ǰ11:29

4 氮Ĭܿࣨ·22:19

5 ɴ˼ԼӼᶨг£ǰ11:2610:351114

6 Լǰ11:31Ϊˣ12:10

7 еؿĽ22:17ijԺȵkԼ6:35ܵkķʢԼ1:17ſkĹ£1:16ڵkĴлϲʫ63:4530:21лkĶ䣨ʫ22:26

8 ϵ۵ʥԼҮ50:5ʫ50:5¶ʥͽİͽ2:42

175ʣʥ֮󣬻ͽʲôΣ

ʥ֮󣬻ͽ˼:

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2 ǵõͰοҪΪ˶ϵۣ30:21232526ͽ2:424647ϵۼʩʫ36:103:429:18־ѣ˲ǰ10:3512ԼԸʫ51:4Լμʥͣǰ11:2526ͽ2:4246

3 δõʲôݣҪϸʡԼʥ͵ԤͲμʥʱľٶ5:165:16

4 £ǶԵϵۺԼ֪͵ȴʱ򣬱صеĹӣʫ123:1242:5843:35

5 ǣijû͵ǫ30:18191:1618ԺӸءڵزμʥֺͣ7:1115:1214

ʮϴʥ͵ͬ

176ʣϴʥʲôͬĵط

ϴʥ͵Ĺ֮ͬ:

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2 ķ涼ǻ͵kĶݣ6:44ǰ10:16

3 ͬһ֮Լӡǣ4:112:12̫26:2728

4 ʩУκ˶ʩУԼ1:33̫28:19ǰ11:23ǰ4:15:4

5 ҪڻĽ̻һֱȥֱk̫28:1920ǰ11:26

177ʣϴʥкβ֮ͬ

ϴʥ͵IJ֮ͬ:

1 ϴֻʩһΣˮʩϴΪϵıǺӡ֤̫3:113:53:27ҶӤ˵Ҳˣ17:79ͽ2:3839ǰ7:14

2 ʥǾʩеģñƣǰ11:2326ڵkɳǰ10:16ֻﵽܹʡ˲ſ(ǰ11:2829)

ʮɶ֮

178ʣʲô

𣺵Ƿ֮Լ16:23ʥİ8:26ǵԸʸϵۣʫ62:8ǵʫ32:569:4Ըжijϵk4:6

ʮģ˭

179ʣֻϵ۵

ǵġ

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3 ΪҲdzݵһر𲿷֣ǰ1:2ԣֻk棨ʫ50:15κδߵ棨10:14

ʮ壮˭

180:桱ʲô˼

:桱:

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181ʣΪʲôҪ棿

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ʮʥǵ

182ʣʥǵ棿

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ʮߣΪ˭

183ʣǵΪ˭棿

ǵ

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2 Ϊij٣ǰ2:12Ϊߣ4:3棻

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4 Ϊֻŵˣǰ2:12ҲΪҪ˵棨Լ17:207:29

5 ǣΪ˵棨12:2123ҲΪЩѾ֪˵棨ԼҼ5:16

ʮˣΪµ

184ʣǵΪµ棿

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ʮţ

185ʣǵ棿

ǵʱ

1 Ҫϵ۵ϣ5:1

2 ԼIJ䣨18:2732:10Ҫ·15:1719·18:1314

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4 Ҫԣǰ14:15ģ11:241:6棬ϣʫ145:1817:1У5:16аģǰ2:8кģ6:18Ⱥϵۣ7:7ǫؽڵkּ֮£̫26:39

ʮ׼

186ʣΪҪı֣ϵ۴͸ʲô׼

ϵеʥԶָǾ汾ֵģԼҼ5:14رָ׼ǵľ̵ͽʱõĵʽ༴ͨƵģ̫6:913·11:24

187ʣʹģ

:IJָãΪһģʽǿĵ棻

ҲΪһʹãֻҪԡġη£ ȷؾı֣Ϳ˵ص棨̫6:9·11:2

188ʣķּ֣

ķ֣ԡͽ

ʮһĵ

189ʣĵԽѵʲô

ĵ:ϵĸ̫6:9ѵǣ

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2 Ҫоη֮ģԼֺӰ飨64:9Уʫ123:13:41ԵkȨϺͶݵȷʶ63:15161:46

3 ͬʱҲѵҪһ𵻸棬Ϊ˵棨ͽ12:5

ʮ

190ʣڵһʲô

ڵһԸ˶ΪʥУ̫6:9ԼеˣûҲԸȷҫϵֺۣ3:5ʫ51:15ǣ

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3 kͳеĻ£ʹkԼҫ20:61012ʫ83140:48

191ʣڵڶʲô

ڵڶ ԸĹ١У̫6:10ȫϽ֮£2:23ǣ

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3 ϵʹɶ֮ԴʩУЧʹЩе˻ڸĹʹЩѾڸĹ˵ü̡οͽ죨ͽ4:29306:182015:2930321:112:1617

4 ϵʹʱ˵ؾǵȨ3:1420ʹkԼkһͬԶٵ22:20

5 kԼʹkȨƾسɾЩĿģ64:124:811

192ʣڵʲô

ڵԸּϣͬڵϡУ̫6:10ǺеˣȫҲԸʶϵ۵ּ⣨7:1821:14ǰ2:14kʥԣ8:7ϵ۵Ļɧ17:714:2һɾħּ⣨2:2ǵ棬

1 ϵ۽ŵkʥ飬˵äĿ1:17183:16Ը̫26:441棨Ү31:1819

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193ʣڵʲô

ڵõʳմ͸ǡУ̫6:11dzǵ

Լɥʧý縣ֵȨЩȨϵȫᣬЩ縣ʱǶǶԶΪĶ2:173:178:2022Ү5:2528:1568DZάϵǵ8:3ԼҲ޹Ϳɾӣ32:10ҿԼҲ޷ȡǣ8:1718ǶΥϵ۵ɷ׷Ү6:137:2122ȡ12:7Щ֣4:3Ϊ˵棬

1 ϵʹǺǵȺϵ۵ĻúϺϵɷֶΣkװ׵ĶͣkǻΪʵģ㹻IJ֣43:121428:204:283:11124:6

2 ϵۼ˵ףǣʹǽʥࡢʵЩ֣ǰ4:35֪֮Ķøǰ6:68

3 ϵʹ뿪һвڽʵ30:89

194ʣڵʲô

ڵǵծͬ˵ծУ̫6:12dzǺ˶ԭͱ̣˶ϵ۵ĹǷծҲԼκ˿ܲծ3:922̫18:2425ʫ130:34ˣΪ˵棬

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3 ӵдӡ֤ĵˡ˵Ĺʱ·11:4̫6:1415̫18:35ʥ͹󣬲

195ʣڵʲô

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2 ϵʹǼʹҲٴվ𣬻ָʫ51:12ãе棨ǰ5:810ʹǵijʥ;ȫֺ13:79ʹ̤ǵĽ£16:203:2·22:3132ʹȫ̽һеаеͷţֱԶԼ17:15ǰ5:23

ʮĽ

196ʣĵĽУѵʲô

ĵĽΪȣȨҫȫģֱԶУ̫6:13ѵǣ

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2 ҲѵǣڵҪϵۣ4:6ȨȫܣҫΩڵk29:1013

3 ΪkܹԸǣ3:2021·11:13ԣģҪ̹Ȼ޾k󣨴20:611kŵkȫǵ󣨴14:11

4 Ϊ˱ǵԸȷŵģǾ˵ǡǰ14:1622:2021

˹˹Сʴ

˹˹СʴһӢ˹˹»ġһİΪոɣͬӢԺ׼ֱһֱΪĸڽ̻㷺ʹáڽ̸ĸڶͽʴп⡣ȿΪ̵ͯͳߵָϣҲͽоѧõ顣۵ǻ̵Ľ壬ʵĽṹǰʥʷ˳򣬶ǰڵ߼˳ĸѧһƵ²ʿBenjamin Brekinridge Warfield18521920꣩ԣ˹˹ǡΪֹ׫꾡Ľʼɢڽ˹˹»ƶļУӰľǡ˹˹Сʴ𡷡Ϊ̵ļ飬̵ĽҪزǽʴеĽĿǰ˽ʴȻǸĸڽ̻Ľ׼֮һ

1

ԡֹ⣬ֱ漰⣺Ŀġı׼ݡɼ̽˵ֱصġ

һڸĸڽ̻ʴ֮һһȽҪĿġ˳һĻشǻͽǻͽĻͽϡͿĻͽ֮ķˮ롣ҫϵۣԵkΪֱ֣ԶһĻشͽѾĿʼתϵΪġΩϵ۵ҫҲڽ̸ĸĿں֮һ

ڶˡ׼򡱻򡰱׼⣬ԼʥеȫʥǻͽΪ׼򡣴˴ǿʥڻͽеȨԣҲǿ˾Լʥ֮Ժͳһԡջ˽̻ձעԼʥӶԾԼʥжͽ⣬ƫ֮ʴҪþʹͽԻһȫ沢ƽĿ

ʷdzܽʥĽѵһ˶ϵ۵ʲôϵҪ˵ʲô֡պ̻ܷ֪ܶʶɷӰ죬עͽʲôֻһζǿšġš뿪ϵ۵šƫšŵɫʡͬʱҲк̻ܶ͸Ӱ죬עظıֻΣֻǿ˵ظܺãʹͽȻģճҫϵۣ츣ˡΩԸһʴܹĻͽԼŵĵʲôԼϵӦҫϵۡ

2һ ǵʲô

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1ʣҪĿʲô

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3ʣʥҪĽѵʲô

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7ʣϵ۵Ԥּʲô

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Flynn, John Stephen. The Influence of Puritanism on the Political & Religious Thought of the British. New York: E. P. Dutton and Company, 1920.Ӣκڽ˼Ӱ졷

Haller, William. The Rise of Puritanism. New York: Harper Torchbooks, 1938.𡷣

Leith, John H. Assembly at Westminster.Richmond: John Knox Press, 1973.˹˹»顷

Morris, Edward D. Theology of the Westminster Symbols. Columbus, 1900.˹˹ѧ

Murray, H. Iain. The Puritan Hope. London: The Banner of Truth Trust, 1971.ͽ

Packer, J. I. A Quest for Godliness. Weaton: Crossway Books, 1990.׷򯡷

Raymond, Rossiter W. The New Puritanism. Freeport: Books for Libraries Press, 1972.塷

Ryken, Leland. Worldly Saints. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1986.еʥͽ

Warfield, B. B. The Westminster Assembly and Its Work. Grand Rapids: Baker, 2003.˹˹»鼰乤

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Clark, Gordon H. What Presbyterians Believe? The Wesminster Confession: Yesterday and Today. Phillipsburg: P & R Publishing, 1965.ڵ˹˹ۡ

Dunca, Ligon. The Westminster Confession into 21st Century. Ross-shire: Christian Focus Publication, 2004. ʮһ͵˹˹

Hodge, A. A. A Commentary on the Confession of Faith. Philadelphia: Presbyterian Board of Christian Education, 1932.˹˹塷

Williamson, G. I. The Westminster Confession of Faith. Phillipsburg: P & R Publishing, 2004.˹˹塷

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Ridgeley, Thomas. Commentary on the Larger Catechism. Still Waters Revival Books, 1855.˹˹´ʴ塷

Vos, Johannes G. The Westminster Larger Catechism. ED. by G. I. Williamson. Phillipsburg: P & R Publishing, 2002.˹˹´ʴ͡

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Paterson, Alexander Smith. A Concise System of Theology on the Basis of Shorter Catechism. London, 1844.˹˹СʴѧҪ塷

Vincent, Thomas. The Shorter Catechism Explained from Scripture. The Banner of Truth Trust, 1980. ˹˹Сʴ塷

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Beeke, Joel R. Puritan Reformed Spirituality. Grand Rapids: Reformation Heritage Books, 2004.ͽĸѧ

Bolton, Samuel. The True Bounds of Christian Freedom. The Banner of Truth Trust, 2001.ͽɵС

Burgon, John W. Unholy Hands on the Bible. Lafayette: Sovereign Grace Trust Fund, 1990.ʥIJ֮֡

Calvin, John. Institues of the Christian Religion. ED. by John T. McNeill. Trans. by Ford Lewis Battles, Westninster John Knox Press, 1960. ͽѧ

Elwell, Walter A. Evangelical Dictionary of Theology. Grand: Baker, 1989.ѧʵ䡷

Houghton, S. M. Sketches From Church History. The Banner of Truth Trust, 1995. ̻̽ʷ顷

Kevan, Ernest F. The Grace of Law. Soli Deo Gloria Publications, 1993.ɷĶ䡷

Schaff, Phillip. The Creeds of Christiandom. New York: Harper & Brothers, Publishers, 1877.

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20056³

An Introduction to the Westminster Standards

By Zhiyong Wang

First Edition: 2005

? 2005 by Zhiyong Wang

All Right Recerved

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[1] οJoel R. Beeke, Assurance of Faith (New York: Peter Lang, 1991),pp.383-413.

[2] תJohn Stephen Flynn, The Influence of Puritanism (New York: E. P. Dutton and Company, 1920), p.11.

[3] ˹١ֶˣ̻̽ʷᡢǿ룬йѧ磬1991꣬454ҳ

[4] ½ѧJamesΪղķ˹ʥжγ֣ͺϱһŷΪŸ

[5] οE. Brooks Holifield, Theology in America (New Haven & London: Yale University Press, 2003).

[6] οS.H. Houghton, Sketches From Church History (Edingburg: The Banner of Truth Trust, 1995), pp.161-5.

[7] οLeland Ryken, Worldly Saints (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1986), 19-20.

[8] Philip Schaff, The Creed of Christiandom (New York: Harper & Brothers Publishers, 1877). Vol.I, p.767.

[9] Philip Schaff, The Creed of ChristiandomVol.I, p.728.

[10] Philip Schaff, The Creed of ChristiandomVol.I, p.769.

[11] ˴֮áӢᡱáӢᡱΪӵʷԭڵӢӢʿոոʷһڶĹңֱ1707ӢոͳһΪеոȻи߶ȶĵλֱ죬ոȻԼĻңԼᣬȻǵĹ̡ [12] B.B.Warfield, The Westminster Assembly and Its Work (Grand Rapid: Baker, 2003), p.12.

[13] ˹ɣErastianԴһ˹˹أThomas Erastus1524-83)ˣڰѧϰѧڵ¹±ҽŹȨԤ̻Ϊ̻ȨѳԱ̻ᣬֻйҲϵΩһε̹ҵĽֻ̻ǹҵһţ̻Ȩֻ˵Ȱ룬Ȩֹֹͣμʥ͡˹˹»У֮Գ˹ص֣ΪҲŹҶԽ̻ߵȨӢд˶˹塣˹˹»ܾţΪҺͽ̻б˴˺Ҳб˴˷ڸԵжߵȨΪҫϵ۵˴˺йĻУ˹һʢУʹҴȨ̻ΪҲݣΪҷĹߡʱڽڽ̸ĸŷޣ̻̽רƵ£Ժ̻ܶȨǿġ˶򼫶ˣһȨңʹϣ֮෨˹רʽȨŷ޳֣Ҳ˼Σ˹˹»ȷǺϺʥе

[14] William Beveridge, A Short History of the Westminster Assembly (Greenville: Reformed Academic Press, 1993), pp.118-121.

[15] ոȺɳ8רԱ5רԱʦ϶μӻλAlexander Henderson (1583-1646),Robert Ballie (1602-1662),Samuel Rutherford (1600-1661),George Gillespie (1613-1648)λѧʶԨ¸صѧҺߣеGillespieڲμӻʱʮ꣬ѧͼʶѾﵽ¯ĵز̾ΪֹҪΪĻԱμӣ֮ΪΪոרԱʡȨΪոĴμӴίԱĻ顣

[16] Ƚϴ黹Уϵ۵ԤּͽɺĵɣȨ

[17] William Beveridge, A Short History of the Westminster Assemblyp.6970.

[18] William Beveridge, A Short History of the Westminster Assembly, p.70.

[19] William Beveridge, A Short History of the Westminster Assembly, p.102.

[20] John Stephen Flynn, The Influence of Puritanism p.7.

[21]ͽѧ롰塱ͽ塱ǶPuritanismһʵIJͬ뷨Լϲͽѧһ뷨ͽ˼벢һ֡塱һȷѧϵһЩӢ鼮УʱΪƺϺߵԭ⡣ҪáͽѧʱҲá塱μ¶ɭѧ˼ʷϡɵ룬ѧУѧ磬2003꣬559ҳ򣺡ʷѧԳ룬¥2002꣬213ҳ˹١ֶˣ̻̽ʷᡢǿ룬йѧ磬1991꣬454531ҳ

[22] תRyken, Worldly Saints, p.11.

[23] ܱؿˣͽĸ̷·룬־±У˹˹³磬2001꣬67ҳ

[24] John Stephen Flynn, The Influence of Puritanism p.155.

[25] John Stephen Flynn, The Influence of Puritanism p.166.

[26] John H. Leith, Assembly at Westminster (Richmond: John Knox Press, 1973), pp.65-74.

[27] Edward D. Morris, Theology of the Westminster Symbols (Columbus, 1900), p.67.

[28] B. B. Warfield, The Westminster Assembly and its Work, p.155.

[29] A.A. Hodge, A Commentary on the Confession of Faith (Philadelphia: Presbyterian Board of Christian Education, 1932), p.61.

[30] J. Harold Greenlee, Introduction to New Testament Textual Criticism (Peabody: Hendrickson, 1995), p.1.

[31] οJohn W. Burgon, Unholy Hands on the Bible (Lafayette: Sovereign Grace Trust Fund, 1990).

[32] Cf. Wayne R. Spear, Word and Spirit in the Westminster Confession, from The Westminster Confession into the 21st Century, edited by Ligon Duncan (Ross-shire: Christian Focus Publications, 2004), vol.I, pp.39-56.

[33] Ryken, Worldly Saints,p.11.

[34] Morris, Theology of the Westminster Symbols, p.506.

[35] οSamuel Bolton, The True Freedom of Christian Freedom (Edinburgh: The Banner of Truth Trust,2001).ʮѧEnerst F. Kevanרſͽѧ The Grace of Law (Morgan, Soli Deo Gloria Publications, 1993)һ飬رͽɷš [36] W. Robert. Godfrey, An Intruduction to the Westminster Larger Catechism, from Johannes G. Vos, The Larger Catechism, xviii.

[37] תLeland Ryken, Worldly Saints (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1986), xi.

[38] Samuel Bolton, The True Freedom of Christian Freedom, p.11.

[39] ܱؿˣͽĸ̷23ҳ

[40] ҪԴԡĹ涨˵ȫȻܻϵļѡΪѡ()ϵ۵Ķ䲻ɿܣʥͽɱء

[41] £ѧҼӶյļӶ塷л룬̸ĸڷ棬1984꣬1718ҳ

[42] Richard A. Muller, Dictionary of Latin and Greek Theological Terms (Grand Rapids: Baker, 2004), pp.259-260.

[43] Morris, Theology of the Westminster Symbols, p.341342.

[44] Iain H. Murray, The Puritan Hope London: The Banner of Truth Trust, 1971,xxi-ii.

[45] Calvin, Golden Booklet of the True Christian Life, translated by Henry J. Van Andel (Grand Rapids: Baker, 1952), p.13.

[46] Calvin, Golden Booklet of the True Christian Life, p.25.

[47] οJoel R. BeekePuritan Reformed Spirituality, pp.101-124.

[48] ʮԴ־¡ʥԼѧԭ塷δ壬һԡ

[49] John Stephen Flynn, The Influence of Puritanismp.105.

[50] תLeland Ryken, Worldly Saints, x.

[51] Rossiter W. Raymond, The New Puritanism (Freeport: Books for Libraries Press, 1972), pp.82-83.

[52] John Stephen Flynn, The Influence of Puritanismp.239.

[53] William Haller, The Rise of Puritanism (New York: Harper Torchbooks, 1938), pp.364-377.

[54] Philip Schaff, The Creed of Christiandom (New York: Harper & Brothers Publishers, 1877). Vol.I, p.767.

[55] B.B.Warfield, The Works of Benjamin B.Warfield (Grand Rapids: Baker Books,2003).Vol.VI, p.363.

[56] Ralph Bronkema, The Essence of Puritanism (Holland: Oosterbaan & Le Cointre, 1929), p.136.

[57] G.I. Williamson, The Westminster Confession of Faith (Phillipsburg: P & R Publishing, 2004), p.345.

[58] ˴ԭΪthe gracesǰ뱾Ϊ䡱˴Ϊ¡ [59]޸£ҹԱȡʩʥ񣨴2618ִԿ֮Ȩ̫1619ǰ412಻˿غ֮£Լ183627ͽ529ȻҹԱ֮ͬһ㣬αͬһĽ̻ᣬƫκһɣʹڽ̻ԱȫġƵġڽɣȥʥݵĸ棬вţ4923ңҮջڵkĽ̻мѹ涨ͨͳΣڰԼԸijһɵĽȨʹκιҵķɶɼԸ谭ʫ10515ͽ181416ҹԱ˵ʹ˲ڽ̲ͬڽ̣ܱ衢˺ֵƶ棬ʹڽ̺ͽ̻ļԾУɧţ233ǰ21134

[60] Schaff, The Creed of Christiandom, vol.I, p.784.

[61] Thomas F. Torrance, The School of Faith (New York: Harper, 1959), p.183.

[62] οSchaff, The Creed of Christiandom, vol.I, p.786.

[63] ʮ벢ڵɣǵɵȷؽʮ룬ʮϵ۷Ը˵һб֡ȻҪϵ۵ּ⣬ͣʮ뱾Dzġ磬涨ɼҪʲôǼոĹ涨硶δǡ18¡οJohannes G. Vos, The Larger Catechism, pp.239-240.