ΩԸƽˮʹ罭ϣ
et revelabitur quasi aqua iudicium et iustitia quasi torrens fortis

ʷ־DDë˼ѧ͸ӡǰ

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ойѧһ1966걬ġ޲׼Ļʹ𾪡Ϣ磬ǿʼЩֱʬ齭Ưйۣ񹲺͹ƺѾȫʧηһϢͨһȱǶЩҵʵһжϡ̬ʻDz˽⵽ëѷֲ˹ڵĽ׼19667£ٱѧȥⳡĻȥ˻ᱻѧΧҪǰΧǼ̸ͻᱻΧ㲥ѧԺһٶˣʱô1ë󶫶һЩ1935ӽӰĸɲ˵Щڹսܾ֮ųһѾΪսĸߡëƣ¾Ǹ2

ٶ˵໰벻ġκ˼ôܹ׵Լ޲׼ȷӺ;Ķأë󶫱Ǵƶϳġ˼Ȼȷأ

ҲΪҶë˼ԨԴ֪٣Ҿúѽλλ2030ʵĸЭȻѧߣ˹ͼ?R?ʩķ־áĪ˹?˹ɣԼʷȣѾë˼еġ˹塱Ψ־ۡ塱͡Ÿ塱꾡ķǣЩ塱ʹҸе⣬ܶǵľ˼Ƕô˾塣Ʃ磬˹ͼ?ʩķȷ֤ëйعļ⣨ijδش˵ĶΪʲô˼ij֤֡áIJǣγɵأҾãʩķ˵ģ̽ë˼б֤õԨԴ˼ʷϵһ˵ġܻDzܽġ⡱3ݡ

ȷ͸սԼһԣпΪëһǰһµġǣë󶫵ļ۸ʱһ󲻽ˡһ޵Ĵߣһʵؾ۵˼ߣһЩذʾһöԿìܸĵұ֤ߣ

ҷ֣Ҫֱ˵ػشЩDzܵġȻԾܾضԴë塣Ϊʲôǻ۸һʵߣѵΪë쵼1949ʤΪʲôë󶫵ʵۡ͡ìۡԶǶ˹ŵģ£ҪijɹIJԺǵľΪһ̸ΪʲôҪë󶫱һ˼ѧҶʹ򵥵︴ӻë󶫱ϾһߣĴ֮ǰͷһʹǣԸϡսǣë󶫵ģѧУʱҲͼٶԾĸжǿָġ˼ܵж߱ͨʶһּۿ֧ܵ֡Щ輰Դܱʶֱڵǵطʡʱ򡣵ëͨġ

ԣҷԼٵѳë󶫸˵оǣ浽ִй˼ʷë󶫵Ҫǿ͹ʷ־֮ìܣˣҲò̽ͬʱʹõĹȻĻ衣Щ衪ǹй˼ĶԡֻбʷвŽ򵥵ĶDzǵġĹɣʹԼӦȻ˷ȻѳԽʱʷԸĻûоĴͨЩĻôĹҲֻЩһԡȻð?Ļ˵κԶһ֡Ĺ̡дԼһֻĶҲһղʯIJݡ4ˣëԣȰйǰеĹ˵˼ʡǶȥԣǾܿʼһЩëĻ裬Ҳܹõذ˼ں20йߵ˼еķʽˣΪ˼岻Ǿʷ壬ҶҲ塣һձҪ˵˼ȡ廯ʽӶʹͨԡܵķʽձԽһʵϣִй˼屾ë塱һѾһֻ塣Ϊ˽ʾֻԣһɼƬɡЩë󶫱йأ¸ĵˣĸ˳ݣԼ֪ʶӵ̬ȵȵȡƪͨƵķоë󶫺ߣԼһЩǾʷԼƣڵйƵƶȣҲеdzĸ¬ġߡǺģġ񻰾ˣЩƬdzģȣ͸ԿëȻΪΣΣë󶫱˵ЩͨйĿеĸӦġΪë󶫼һμңҲһ񻰴ߣַͨӳ׷

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ǣΪʲôͬʱҲҪ꾡˵Ŭ?µѧѵΪëʱΪǡΨߡʵϣë⿵ԭĺ塣෴ֻǴӸ׵ϣ?ݶһλ¿ߣǿѧijЩ򡪡һ˽⵽ѧġֻëΨʸȤôоݶӰ㹻ˡΪʲôҪ׷ݵԭʼԴټ򵥲ˣ˼ֻ׷ȥܽ綨ë󶫵֪ʶоĶ󡣵ǣǿֻĸʱط仯ʱЩɲֶ˵͸ҪˡⲻʾˡԡͬʱҲѧ˵˶ijƩ磬ʷ־Ļ֮һǣë󶫵ı֤˼ģΪйζѧ˼ϵṹŷձı۷롣ֱӳ⼸ѱʵġԣΪر壬ͨ׷߼ķչҶЩıʵ߶ߡˣйؿ˼˵ּڸ߶ߣ˼ķǶôʵëڴڲ֪ͬʶУͬЩʱԵøӸеԼԡˣʷ־˴īȥ˽ÿ˼ĸ֣Ǽ򵥵ͼԴ֤йȻ˼Ļ

еڴԼܰЩ֪ʶƬۺÿһ߶ϣĶͨԼۺϣֱһֱȽƵĽṹҸˣΪʷ־ⱾڽṹϻǾƾֻһϵĻ㼯ɣЩصģ߱߼ϵԡһ֮󣬶Ӧüס۵㣬Աͬһлϵ˵ͼṩһϵݣһ龵ӵӳЩӳͬնۼڡĻͬһϡʱʷεĹ淶־ë󶫵ļ֮䷢ϷԵijͻʱЩӳձͳһˡ

κ쳵

1972ڲ

1ë󶫣ڻǺĸСԱʱĽ¼塷1966722գJerome Chened.Mao Papers:Anthology and Bibliography

London:Oxford University Press1970pp.2630

2ë󶫣ڻǺĸСԱʱĽڶ棩1966721գChenMao Papersp.33

3Stuart R.SchramMao Tse-tung and the Theory of the Permanent RevolutionChina Quarterly46 225226.

4Antonio GramsciThe Modern Prince and Other WritingsNew YorkInternational Publishers1957pp.110111.