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߰Τġ½̽ʱ徫񡷣һƪڱӣȴԽԽܵѧӵ¡ġ½ʱ徫һҲ1904ijɹҲ໥Ҫڽ֯ĽǶ̸ʱĿԣΪΤ롶½еĿìܣDzԵġʵ϶߻Ϊ䣬һ㣬Ҳ׵¶ԡ½һ⡣ΤȥǰñඩڽѧļУͽ½͡½̽ɡзڵһ֣ɼΤĿУǾͬҪλõġȥΤѧ˵оغƶֲͬ·򣬵ٿԸǣʵڹʱ徫ϣΤһʼ˫˼ġΤѧ˵ֻΨһһӢ뱾˹ٷ?ġ½ʱ徫뱾֮У˽ȫ顴ۡйڴıܵһҲɾȥһЩ޹صעԱڶ߸ΤġΤĵķ룬Ҫ˵

1ԭעͳһβע⻹вֽע߽ͳһΪβעʽִҲӦ2ΤᵽһЩPרһ⣬ӺҪ[ע-]ʽԽ͡⣬۽ѧڽϵʣLauren Pfisterڴķṩ˱л

Ӣ뱾ԣΤġ½̽ʱ徫1

ߣ˹ٷ?Stephen Kalberg

ӡġɡһģҳ127-48дΤص¹󲻾áԼдʽ1906ݱֽ2ͼø¹ڽӴͨ1904Ӵ[õ]ĿΤϣԵ¹еֳ´ĵһӰ졣

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Τڡɡһбһȶӽǣ⼯ڡ[]һнйΪеЩֱʣҴΤΪɾ񡱾жŲǹѧСȨĻ̬ȡεʵ˹

ڴ̸ֻ˽ɾʣΤǿһ˼ijʸҪϡʵͺõƷʵĹ½̽һеߡΪԡ֯ĽֻڴϲԱļ롣֮ǰڳԱĵƷҪϸ񿼲졣ԣһҪɵĻȻͻӵгԱʸ񡣽ܹԱʩֱӵӰ죬ʹDzջƫΪˣɾ֤ԱΪʸ

1904ʶ׾ֲŵĻ룬ΤΪЩͽɳԱʸƣڽ͸˵Էǡijζ˵λЩھ˿ʸ͡ʿĽɫʵϣϣһﱻֽɵĻֳԱʸDZزٵġ½Ӱ1904Ϊ롱͡Ĺ淶ԴڣɴˣңԶĹҺ͹¶ĸ塰֮䡱γɫɫ塣ɾһɾ͹һֻʹһ޶ƫô塣3βĻϺη棬Ҫء

죬ġ򡱺͸ʽֲʼֵسеڽ̹ͬĹܡжԼǵС˶ijֻ¡ΪԸˡı֤ʽԭʵ϶ǽ̻Ṳͬ塣4

Τ˵û˻ỳʽϵľá

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һǰ֯µԼʱٵǣһ̻᣿ⱻһֲ³çҿʵķʽʳ϶ᱻʡŦԼ˫ӳDz³֣һϴͳ൱ij̶ȱţЩԽܵӰĵطһԽͻһʹ˵͵ոͲͣtable dh?teķ֮һǰǶŷ޴½˼ҪһһλŮʿ㣬μʲô̷ߣҪЩŷ½Ϊ곤Ŀ˶֣ǰĵϵĻڶʱ[]PortreeSkyeطһҾ⣬벻ʲôõ˵ֻ˵һBadisheע-¹ϲ̻ᣨLandeskircheijԱûпҵĽ̻ľۻᡣλСشܸҲ⣬Ŷ˵ɱμκ̷

Ƕһ۲øеû׿ҵҪǣڽ̹⣬Ҫ־öεĹϵΪġǰҲָ⡣Ϊʲô

ȣ[1904]һЩ˹۲ҲԶԴ˼Խ͡һٽӡڰ·γУһλеġӲĹϵĸԱߣżȻἰȻdzǿҵĽ̻ʶǸ˵ֻҪϲÿһ˶ŻţҪһũ˸κν̻ĻһʮֶġʲôţƾʲôỹǮңĶһģ

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ʮ·һʵЩʱҲνһŻĽʽͬһԼӢⱱMƫƧشĹˡһУɳɽBlue Ridge MountainsһСעɵģԶͿԿ䣬ҹȺũͥΧվɽ֮ϣԼСУеڽеԴԶ

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ȫģһܽͻھѹÿһ˵ġ

ڽڡΪʲô͡ʲôֶΡУĽۣؽŻĽֻᵼ½ġ顱ȻϸµֱĺʱΪΪϾƵꣿ裿ϷƣծĻΪʥȻϸڽ̴ͳġ

ʥĽɱΪһλʿʵľԱ֤ЩҵҪʡŻĴϵڸˣûκξ¸޵ΡһˡһĹ۲Ҳ֤ʵЩǺģ಻ͬĵطˡһ˵ֻЩѭڡŻɣƵķǹͽػijԱŻҵϻóɹһɳԱᵽһطһ̷ʱϸʥί״ֲᷢ[]Ա׵ؽӴȣκεطѰΡھѵʱûΪǸɾͻծȨ[]κεطһ㶼ʥmutuum date nihil inde sperantes [Ҫ˲ָ]·Ӹ635

ծȨ˵뷨ģԷΪԼծȨڴɵijԱʧһлǾԵءоԵһʵֻܻijԱǵġΪʹǻ˵ı֤

ҪǣɳԱݾζһݵʵı֤飬ǶԸ˵ҵ¶ԡЩһˡԱ賬ԽͲ֮ҫġ̻ᡱȣһǽȻͬġʵϣһ̻һ֯ҫڽ̶Ĺ˾ͺñһԭ϶ԣ̻ĹԵģڳԱ֤ʲôһһԸɵ壬ijԱԭֻЩڽ̺͵ϺϺ淶ˡһ˷ijԱʸھڽϵ֮󣬵õԶܣԸؼ˸ɡѡ[Ч]ЩɵµڶǿҵصDDⲿֵǿҵܲߵӰ죬⵱ȻҲȷһҵѴڵʵԣڸԵĽ֮䣬ҲƸڵЭ顣ЭγɿԿһЩӣijѾ˻飬ڽ̹۵ЧģΪ˷ֹ[]׽飬ͻƶЭ顣Щٻڽ֯о޴ġһЩŻ˵ʱⷽȽɣ̺·ϸ涨ܵޡ˵Ҳ̻ijԱ١

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[]ڻʱŴĶͼɳָ˿˹ԭְѽ̻ΪĻԭ31ǽȻġͨߵcharacter indelebilisٵԣڴ󹫽̻мؽ˶ƶȻԭڽ̸ĸĹٷ̻ҲˡɵǼҲЭģǽڰʥᵱһڽϡִֵ꣬µĵҲΪڽ̾ۻǵġڴʾЩͨԭġ ֪KuyperʮԶӰ졣ԴʽΪ˿̻ᣨHerfomde KerdĴڽ̻Synodal church governmentԣһҰķ˹ص̻һﳤϣȻƽͽϯִKuyperҲһͨƽͽϣΪףܾۻ֮IJ߸ʸ֤飬ǵЩⲿIJDzϸ߻ߡ32ʵ˵ʮ͵ijϻȷʵǻеģҪĺʥض˵ġԸԭ򼸺һµǣϸDZۻɽɵģȻںʸߣǷֵطʥ֧ԭˡͨԸ˵ĵֻ֪бڽ̹ͬԲþһԱǷϸ񡣵ǿطĽ̻ͲˣܴĹѡжôɡҪdzԱƵĻطʥԽѡԭ˵ֻʺ൱Сģʥᡣ33

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ݸͨȦλʵˡԣɵȶϵǺȨĽ̻ϵģԻѡ[ʽ]Ǻϵġ

еҲ̽ǽʽͬѰijеߡ⣬ȹ̡ij̶ֳҲΨһȹ̵󹫽̻ķߣǶ֯Щʵϣ̽ɰѹλĸǿĵλϡԣӸ˵˵ĶҲڲά֡в׼Ϸá[]ķ֧СԶļױӰԣǾԵġ

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һ棬ͨϺʸ׷߼ѡɽˡǵijԱʸ񲢲ǻѧͽʸҲǻںְҵйصļͥϵʽĽϣɿƺָԱΪĿ޹أ߱ΪаڶѰķչġлԱʱɹлľӢˣʱijɹҲ[]ܵ谭ֻҪɣֵ̻ܵʱɹ֤ļֵҫҲ˽ɵᡣijɹܻӭģǰҵָˡлͶ֯͵ʽУȻһ谭ǵıҲΥҲͶʱ֯ȾһҲDZزٵġ61ǵȻл᲻ִܴʱľʡֻнɵʽܸϷԣҲִʱʵľá塱嶯һ⻷ The Protestant Sects and the Spirit of Capitalism, trans by Hans H. Gerth & C. Wright Mills, in Max Weber The Protestant Ethic and the Spirits of Capitalism, intro & trans by Stephen Kalberg (Los Angeles, California: Roxbury Publishing Company, 2002), pp. 127-47.

ע͡

1 ƪиΨһ뱾DZеģΪHans H. GerthC. Wright MillsΪ롶½һͳһ޸ġĿϢp. 263ĵһע

2 µ뱾ṩİ汾Τ1920չġ⻹˴עš

3 Ȼ绹пǿһ齨һС˱ģԣĽ෽Τͬпǿƽ塢ҵԼ棬Τָ½̵ڽŲ

4 ij˵λԣΤǿһĽ̻;ֲҪԣRotary, Lionȣᵼ°Ϊһ֡õķ⽨塱ᡣ

5 ڡ˸ʱEastern 1906һƪµġ˵ĸҪڡ硷1906pp. 558ff., 557ff.һЩ䣬ĿΪ̻ɡһٽΪ½ʱ徫񡷵IJ䡣ֽдԭڣġ̻ѧ˵мԳײͺõģԼҲʹ롰̻ᡱĹԣҲϲԣϵ۾ڡ½pp. 221, note 200ָҪԣڴ˻ʡˡƪֻƪԶ׼IJϡ

6 ǵͽѡƱҪԣжԸѧУconfessional schoolһԭ򳣳ֻϵġ

7 ڴ˶ϸϲȤԲο̻ʷϵСĸһβ롣

8 ںܳһʱ߷Ժͥʱ򣬾ÿһɵĴͳУֹǹһ׷˵ʽ

9 һѧн̸ңźûгΪϯӵߡmaster of the chairط̽硣ʲôôʱشǣһ˻ֱܹԼʹԼõ𾴵ܹκξߣʹԼļֵõõ֡

10 ЩֳġαơʹͳͶ岢ȵ¹ǿϾڵ¹һûڽ̹ȡġԱҲDzܵġһλֵģˣгûеõٷȷϣΪûԼһϴЩͳġαơвͬı֣¹ĹԱְλҵᡣ

11 ѧ꣬롰ϣšԡ 12 ǰҲᵽˡʧȥ¹ܹؼһڣѧУ֮󣩽һֲ

13 Ӣڼ䣬Щڽ̾ۻ֯ڵġPilgrim Fathers[ע-ָ絽ڽʿ]ЭʽΪ֪ʶ1619˹أDorchesterˣ֮ǰ֯һ̻ᣬɴ˰Լ֯ˣѡʦͽʦֳأ̻ʽϱϿΪε壬һ棬ֻߺ;гԱʸ߲ܳΪͬŦĽ̻ᣨڿҸݱ֮֯ǰάֽ̻ģһʼҲˣ̻ԱʸУζſʥͣҲdzΪȾҲǶϸļԳɵIJ ζŸΪɵʵΪŦĵĽ̻ᱻ֮ʸ޶DZȽϿģЩڽϲôĸˡ17ͣºʲݵϣòſ˶[]Ȩ֮ڽʸơڽ̻ԱʸϣҲòijŵ߾1657Half-way Covenantע-ָijЩѲڽ̻ᵫҲ̻ܲ񣩡⣬Dz֤ԼˣȻԻóԱʸϵĽɡǵ18ͳDzſԱۻɡ

14 оپеһЩϣڵ¹̫Ϊ֪Vedder, A Short History of the Baptists (2nd ed. London, 1897)ṩ˽ʷĹţHanserd KnollysCulross, Hanserd Knollys, edited by P. Gould (London, 1891), vol. IIֲ

ϴɵʷУE. B. Bax, Rise and Fall of the Anabaptists (New York, 1902)SmythHenry M. Dexter, The True Story of John Smyth, the Re-Baptist (Boston, 1881), ˺ͬʱ˵һֱõĹHanserd KnollysŵҪJ. HaddenΪӡģCastle Street, Finsbury, 1846-54йٷ׼The Baptist Church Manual by J. Newton Brown, D.D. (Philadelphia, American Baptist Publishing Society, 30 S. Arch Street)ڹɣSharplessУA. C. Applegarth, The Quarkers in Pennsylvania, series X, vol. VIII, IXΪԼս˹ѧʷοѧоϵУG. Lorimer, Baptists in History (New York, 1902); J. A. Seiss, Baptist System Examined (Lutheran Publication Society, 1902)

ӢDoyle⣩Уʷࣻ⻹Weeden, Economic and Social History of New England, 1620-1789, 2 vols. Danial W. Howe, The Puritan Republic (Indianapolis, Bobbs-Merrill Co.)

ھɵij֮ԼķչĽ̻ɣٷ̻Ĺϵ빫ɵĹϵɼBurrage, The Church Covenant Idea (1904)The Early English Dissenters (1912)⻹УW. M. Macphail, The Presbyterian Church (1918)J. Brown, The English Puritans (1910)Usher, The Presbyterian Movement, 1584-89 (Com. Soc., 1905)ҪסǴ˴[о]صķdzԵо١

15 ǰᵽBunyanһMr. Money-LoveĿΪǻΪ˻òƸϣΪ˵õʮͱΪǷdzȻģΪʲôϣӦ޹ؽҪġPilgrims Progress, Tauchnitz ed., p. 114

16 Thomas Clarkson, Portraiture of the Christian Profession and Practice of the Society of Friends, (London, 1867), p. 276. 棨װ1830ң

17 ½ʱ徫񡷡

18 ԴǴFssli I, p. 228, cf. also pp. 243, 353, 263; Elenchus contra catabaptistas, Werke III, pp. 357, 362. ۻУܵ͵˷ӤϴߵšЩΪʥϴɵġ롱Ҳ־ߣ˷еġ1603ղķʿԸҪСаߡӽ̻ȥֻܡߡǵĺӡdzϻᣨԼ1584Ľ̻ͳεı¼ԭһηA . F. Scott Pearsonں±Ph. Dģ1912ڵ37ҪֻзӼɵˣǣԱķʽ֤߲ſԱۻɡ

19 ɵԸԭڱģ߼ѭĸɽ̻ᣨӶߣecclesia piraҪġɼԵһԭִKuyperԵһִ¶ǷdzԵġһƪµıرԵʾһSeparatie en doleantie (Amsterdam, 1890)ڷ̻УûĽһԣüĽ̻ġ塱Ǿɵĸĸɽ̻֮ʥ塱Corpus ChristiʱͿռһDZַѵģԵҲһԴ˵ԡһɼĽ̻ڡǵȨԣԴڡһ־Ϊan act of willԣڽ̻ᣨpotestas ecclesiasticaȲڻҲִ£ministri塣ڴKuyperVo?tĹͬԴھۻ߻ڷɺԸϡ

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ЩǸĸɽ̻ĸĶأǰʾۻ壨Ҳƽͽģڽ³ԱһֻԲʽVon RiekerЩúܺãۻĺԱҲӢIJʶɣBrownist IndependentsҪһǼЩǿҵķȽɭɣJohnsonistijɹչ߼ֽ̻ҪܡϡͳΡֻСĹߡŻᱻɣBaillieЩǡʮ˲ųһġʮͣոɵĽ̻Ҳֻͨķʽܻý̻ĽɣSack, loc. cit.KuyperĽ̻ڱϵȻǡơcongregationalistġ

KuyperĿľۻڽΪĽ̻῿£ġһطֻһϷĽ̻ᡣֻе顱ʧʱֹŻʧŻ֣Ҳ˵ͨĿ顢ƻŬʹòõĽ̻õƣdoleerenΪ飬Ӽ˵17ͣеŬ֤ЧĻǿƵ𣬶ҲͳΪһ񡣵ȻĻһɵҲбҪģΪڽ̻ûˡ⡱ҲΪڱӵڵĵλǶһKuyper, gekomen, pp. 30-31KuyperVo?tһһ־õĶΪֻЩͨʥͶߣǽ̻Աֻк߲ܹڽڼе亢ӵίȨѧϣһ߾һڵĹߣڷϣһ߽һɲμʥʽߡ 20 Kuyper˵ǰǣѲߵڽ̾ۻһDreigend Conflict, 1886, p. 41οCor.11:26-27, 29; 1 Tim. 5: 22; Apoc. 18: 4.һ̻Զ޷жϡϵǰĶ״̬DD롰Labadistsԣ򯾴ɣʥ͵ĽɶԣֻΪǾԵġʮʱڽ̻ڴβμʥ͵Ⱦ۲ݡ磬1574ϲ̻ܽͬ⣬û֯ľۻĻͲӦʥִ͡ҪСע⣬ûʸ˻ýɡ1575¹صۣзԹ߲ӦɡIJʦгǣЩЩ弸ǶʦǸΪɵַ߳ɲμReitsma[vol. II, p. 231]

ʥͽɵµķ棺һϴɽͽɷܷʥͽɣ1619ٵڽ̴˾飬114װ͵ܷýɣ1595Deventerʡ˾飬24ЩƲܷɣ1599AlkmaarĻ21605ĵ28йѾЭҲӦɣ1618EnkhuizenıᣬGrav. Class. Amstel.16һǵõ϶شģֻҪڽ̷Ժconsistorium֣[ѡ]㹻IJƲ϶ܱ֤ծ˺ͼ˶㹻ʳӦôͿˡǵծȨԼҲԴЭ⣬ծδ½лǾ͸ˡйװ͵˵ķ׼ʸ񣬿ɼ档Ϊ˱ִżDZųģReitsma III, p. 91׼һȾǣɱķִõͽ⡣ڳõִDZõۻ֮ȥ[]ЩϴҶԴһֱȤߣҲԻĽɡͬϣp. 176

ܿǼӶڷ˹˹ۻеһҪҪЩΪûͨԵ˴ʥųȥǸ壬ִ´˸þļӶĽ壨Inst. Chr. Rel. IV, chap. 12, p. 4ڷֻܱѡǰΪǰ䲼һʥоͬһطcf. p. 5ҲΪһ֡ĽֶΡ

ڶеڽŻʽijǺټġʵϣʵеǡ˳ķʽ£ij˵ֱ򵥵ҽشӼ¼лڽɺͶɵУƽͽѾǼɵĵͳеˣļӶijɽ̻УԶϵͳԵͼҪͳιҺͽ̻ᡣǣڽ̻Ľײ͸߼Աϣ1854Ӣɵġ¼p. 14, note 2Ҳᳫƽͽߺִ

Ǻ;ۻĹϵڲͬͬġ񣨳ɵģڹѴʥпľȨתƽͽ֮һӢ1647Cambridge PlatformҲơֱʮҶոɻǰѴΪĹ潻һίԱᴦڸίԱͨľһֶи˵ĹΪϸǰɵĸҲзӳ1603ύղķʿһģDexter, loc. cit., p. 303ȽɭɡΪѡٳģϵͳǷʥġľԣʹȨAinsworthķ¼˽ڵӢϻеɲμǰע4ףע7PearsonIJʿġ

21 ˳˵һ£򯾴Ҳһԭ磬LodensteijnĹ۵㣬DZͬûദ߶ǰ˵ߡԸ̸Lords PrayerΪǻûбɡĺӡKahlerʱ򻹻Ĺ۵㣺߸᷸ڽСв׼²ȺУȷʵԼͳļӶ˳Ծʥ֪ʶڲѧ1852Ľ̻涨ͳʿıԹƽͽڽ̴ȱֵĴԵģ֮⻹ȱ㹻ϸcensura morumʱ¹ͳ·ɽ̻ỹDzġ

22 תDexter, Congregationalism of the Last Three Hundred Years as Seen in its Literature (New York, 1880), p. 97.

23 ɯʱӢϻϣϿӢ̻39涨3436ڴ޹ؽҪ

24 ʮͣӵطۻеķǶӵĽŻĽDZʥͽɵȾǽŻֻھĿ첢õϿɺ󣬲ܱɡHanserd Knollys Confession 1689ĸ¼West Church, Pa., 1817ںʸijԱ˵ʥһֱûм뵽Ϸ֯ıؾۻУǾͻᱻΪǷ塣ʹıĹͬԣŻڵĹ۵KuyperĿcf. above, note 8ơDzиڸ̻κ˾Ȩ˽ⶩԼӢϻڵģţɼע7?ס

25 Shaw, Church History under the Commonwealth, vol. II, pp. 152-65; Gardiner, Commonwealth, vol. III, p. 231.

26 ɣBrownist1603ղķʿԴԸ顣

27 磬һԭ1585Edamһڽ̻ƾеõReitsmaϵУp. 139

28 Baxter, Eccles. Dir., vol. II, p. 108ϸЩܵɵijԱӾۻʥDZȥij棨Ӣ̻ĵ25

29 Ԥ۵Ľڴ˵õıЩָܵĺõɿ֤ǷԽϴأһһޱȵĹϵʵҪԵġԤ۽ʵҪԻһܵƽɡڰķ˹صĸУͬЩǣʮͳӢֻ1657ġHalf-way Covenantڴ˷ɡںע9

30 Loc. cit. vol. II, p. 110.

31 ʮͳԷǹͽۻĽѾںһձġĻսKulturkampfɯ׶ԷǹͽľۻdzֱַԷԣ1593Էвڴ˺[]ԭǽڽϵķȨԸ񣬻߸ȷе˵ڽ̺Ȩ֮оԹϵCartwrightȷʹҲԱʵϣոӾͱȻԵӰ죬ijɽ̻֮׼ְԱͳվ˹Ķ档

32 Ϊ˱ܿͳʦڽѹķ˹صɹȡԼĽѵǵĺ͵ڵľۻȥķ˹صKerkraad̻»ᣨ1886ܾ꣩ЩִƶijԱ֮Ϊʸ֤顣ЩԱʥųΪҪ䴿ԣҲΪˣڽ̴ίԱַͬΪ񶨵ʱ̻»ܾӺͲ¹򡣸ݺߣ̻»ľܾԼԽڽ̻֮ϵĶһ޶ְȨ;ܾ˴ڽ̻ƽͽǼܿˣT. RutgersKuygerΪNieuwe Kerk[New Church]֮ǰߵĿҲкߡCf. Hogerfeil, De kerkelijke strijd te Amsterdam, 1886⻹ǰἰKuyger֮

1820Ԥ˶Ѿʼˣ쵼ΪBilderdijkĵIssac da CostaAbraham Capadoseϴ̫ˣΪԤ۵ĽܾijЩֶܾܾѷϳūΪ޵ĸ棩Ϊɽ̻ɶսԲϸ׼ʥ¡һ˶[]롣1840꣬ķ˹صġAfgeschiedenen gereformeerten Geemeenteĸĸ壩Dorderecht Canounsܾκһ֡ڽ̻֮ڻ֮ϡ֧ʽGroen van PrinstererBilderdijkͽ֮һ

33 1611ڡAmsterdam Confessionн˹ŵĹPubl. of the Hanserd Knollys Society, vol. Xʶ16涨ÿһ̻ijԱӦ໥ʶһ̻᲻ӦĻϣʹԱ˴˲֪ϤʶµУκڽ̴ĹκĽ̻Ȩ֮Ϊԭϵѽ̡ݳˣҾµӢЩ1641꽨ģʱÿһΪԼ׼һͳִ£֯ݽһֶε˽ŻԱʧͼĶɵij֡ڵijϻDedhamЭ飨UsherҲԤʾһ㣬϶Ը壨ʱʵǸִ£ǽ̻ɵijеߡ15821022յЭԵͶƱǷɣûȫձͬ⣬κ˶ô뵽һȺС1586꣬Щ˹ԭͽǷԲɳԱļ롣 34 ѭڵġࡱDDĺΪDDƵļǡÿʮ˾һࡱ쵼ÿܶҪݷÿԱҪôڼҪôڰۻУڴͨҪձڡ쵼ҪÿһԱΪ¼£Щ¼Щ뿪˱ijԱʸ񡣵ĿǰΪֹܳʱ֯ÿطһֱ߽״̬ǰDedhamЭԿڵ֮ɾǴַʽݴڷǹͽۻСκ鱻ֿ۲쵽Ҫ衰桱

35 ·ɵĵ̣ǵ¹̻ɲغ޷չھѾ׵ˡڵ¹ĸĸɽ̻̻Ҳֻ΢Ӱ죬ֻJulich-Cleve⡣Ҫ·ⲿӰ죬ڹȨ;ԡԵȼ֮໥ʼɡֶʼ޴ڣڵ¹ȥһֱϵȨȻˣֱ̻ʮͲŽһγ1855ϡǣ1563Ľ̻ڿʼһֱһʵǹȫķʽٿš ֻŵɺͺ򯾴ɲЧļԼֶΣص֯ŵ˵һɼĽ̻ᡱн̻ɴڵĵطڲΪͻҵĻɳЩһҪءRynsburg CollegiantsûʲôֻǸݡΪжϡںŵɣHuguenots֮У̻ɱǷdzģͨɱĸ߹ԵĿǣDZزٵģļɱһٷɡ

̻̽Ӣӵʲ׼еȽ׼У磬׶ееȽ׼вְԱͳΣϣѽ̻ΪһַʽײҲdzֽ֧̻ɡȨǽ̻ɵķߡʶӢķҲᡣһÿһļͿԿڴӰزǡ׼桱ǻڽ⣬⻹εġӢŷ޵̻̽ᶼdzϿڿmajor-generalsίԱУΪн̻ɣĴҪСɢˡĶ鱻һٵ

ѭУܷڼƳDZģʸijԱ˳ҪһίԱĵ֮Сŵɣܳʱʵ϶һɡĽ̻ڽ̻ЭпԼ棬ЩʾԵûлٺҵթΪSixth SynodAvert. Gen. XIVʶݳ޵ķԲձȽϽʵеģfiscusһSixth Synod, cas de conc. dec, XIVڸͬXVcf. Second Synod, Gen. 17; Eleventh Synod, Gen. 42ʮĩӢϻڹٷͨбΪߡļPearson, loc. cit.

36 нУһμϰڡѭУΪ¡ 37 ˹˹ڽ̴ϵɣֵܡеġApologetical NarrationУЩᶨʽϵĻͽзⱻλζֻһԸʽķ룬һ׮סޱѷһλļӶߺDordrechtӵߣcf. Baxter, Congregationalism, p. 402Ĺ۵㣨ɶɷ߲һҪύDZѡٳģⱻΪǿġˣ󲿷ֽɶԼԵּɹҹЩ׵ؾܾԭˡͿ˹أChristian Directory, vol. II, p. 100֮ڶĵ׶ˣΪDZ˶Ǽҳ뽼ʦеεĻô˾͵Ĭһ˹ǷǽŻ[]ں17ͼĽУmijdingeмһҪĽɫ

38 17ͳİķ˹صУڲ붷һѱ÷dzԡĿһִ¡ministrial̻ɵľܾһڽ̻Ҫһƽͽ׼ƽͽִеļɣһҪſʱĽ̻ڲ̬ȶġ 39 ϵڶɺͽȺг۵⣬һڴ档

40 16461231ճڹΪԶɵһһ棬ԤɵԭҲΪޱѷʽ֤Jeremy TaylorƵԴòThe Liberty of Prophesying, 1647ġԡҪֻеõϸijԱмҪΪƽͽȨ£ԤԲDZɵġӢ̻ĸڣİ̡̲ϰ롰ԤԡһԴ˼ԹոЩǽ̻Ҫأ1571ֱ˱ն١һЩطܿҲ֮ɯһֱѹǣ1573귴Cartwright

41 ķ˹صʷ˹Ѿʱǰʥ

42 ЩУFox쵼һ͵ģ߿˹ĿǷٷƵġнٺײ㡱ΪɲʹͽԭսڱʥжĽ˵DzҪġGodwinĻƵӵߺPrynne֮䣬ڹв˼ұۣһ۷Ƶԭϵġ淽ʽˣGodwinֻԸṩԭֻжִµάԸײӦñϣһԭڲղķʿһԸеõ˱71㣺жԡ̻ʽơ̫͡ʽڽ˰ķԣ

43 164951ŵЭAgreement of the PeopleУǶʦҪġ

44 ʶѭڵĵطʦˡ

45 1793ѭڷϳְͷְʦ֮֡ɴˣְѲʦȻвţǸɵҪߴӴʥְʦͬλͬʱֻѲʦõѲزʥ¹¢ȨʥµҪͨЩԱ׼ʸװǰһĹٷ̻ĹȣҲжʱ䲻ͬ1768ֹʦͨв׼ְλһµġְײ㡱ˡ

46 ʵϣӢ󲿷ֵġѲšûʲôʦһáȻˣĿǰΪֹһ㣬ͬһִ²ͬһѲз񳬹ꡣְҵʦʦѲʦǴмļģһЩв׼ְλˣӵнִգһʱһִԭֻһꡣDZȻģΪ̷λ̫ˡȣǡࡱ֯Ƶмᡣԣǽ̻[ά]١

47 ϣԡʥͽᡱParliament of SaintsķԳΪ˴ѧһ⡣ڴѧʲһ˰׷ϳнٺ[]Ҳʧˣ޷ϳЩĻѧ˵ˡ 48 ڴ˸1652Ĺ飬ҲǸ1654Ľ̻¡

49 GardinerһӣFall of Monarchy, vol. I, p. 380

50 ˹˹ڣWestminster ConfessionҲXXVI, I˻֮ԭнжкܶĹ

51 ѭھͼԿͷЩ˾ˡһ棬ijЩУҲὨijȨծ˲ϻǮǾͻڴȨ

52 ڵѭڣûинÿһҪһίԱ顣ܸծǻ¿ģҲǽķʽCf.ע9ڽ̴ľ飩Σ֮еĵDZҪģBaptist Hanserd Knollys Confessionc. 28оͱⲢڶԲƲʥԲƫżأҲǷdzģ1647Cambridge platformedition of 1653, 7, no. VIDZǵǷЩûְijԱǡְΪijԱ

53 ѭھı

54 ѭУЩΪ֤ÿ¾͸һΡɵĶɣǰָֻ֤ʥ͡ڽУһ¼߱ҪԭľۻĽŲܱաcf. the appendix to the edition of the Hanserd Knollys Confession of 1689, West Chester, Pa., 182716ͳİķ˹صȺͬƶȣӴԺÿһطˡ1669꿪ʼʸ֤Ǵʦ͹ͳ弰Ϊѡ﷢ģ֤ʸιݵġһʸ֤ʹʥ׼빦ܵģҲʹ˺ߡ

55 ǰһùDoyleӢũҵֳԵĹҵҲڴˡ

56 磬̸Ӣĵλ״ﹹɹIJǡв׼dzеžɵڽıͳļͥ

57 ָ½ʱ徫

58 ǻҪصǿģָ½ʱ徫񡷣֮ƪеľԶۡûнһʵҵۼǵĻۺͰͰͱ׵ϵеĽĹŴϣʱǴһdzƵλϡ

59 Cf.ڡ½ʱ徫񡷵166ҳСڹ̫ۻγУ͹ŴһͬĴϸвͬıʽģ̫УԵҪԵľܾʶ͵ĻҲƵӰ죩

60 Cf. The Livre des Mtiers of the Pr? ?tienne de Boileau of 1268 (d. Lespinasse & Bannardot in the Histoire Ggrale de Paris) pp. 211, sect. 8; 215, sect. ܻⷽӡ

61 ڴDzܷ൱żȻ漰Ĺϵֻһʴ

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