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ѧؽйѧ--IJйѧķʡ


ժҪѧؽйѧһԶΰIJȷʶѧؽйѧ20йѧش⣬мҪ壻ѧıȽУѧطʡΪйѧйѧϵѧңΪйѧؽѧؽйѧһԴϵͳչĵ·йѧߵ·ȫԳΪҴδչķ֮һδѧӦѧףӦǶŹӳͬٽķչ IJѧؽйѧ˫صı塣һйǧѧͳ˵ģһִѧȽϣԽִѧΪն˵ġйѧĴͳ˵йѧѧطʡѧؽŻнһطչڽִѧ˵йѧѧؽ磬ѧжԻδչˣѧؽйѧһԶΰIJȷʶѧؽйѧǶʮйѧش⼰ش壬ѧطʡйѧԼйѧ磬Ծصѧؽйѧʱʹ IJ֮Ϊѧҵ"ְ"1

һѧطʡйѧ

IJʮյ˵"Ӵѧʮֻһ£'ʡй֮Ļؿйѧ֮;'"2IJ˵ʡйĻҪǷʡйѧʡйѧԳйѧΪǰᡣһǰ£ش"ʲôйѧ"Ūйѧ⣬йѧѧ֮ʡļȱݵΪѧؽйѧ춨ʵĻΪйѧδչѰҺĸḻԴ˱дйѧʷIJйѧѧʡǽйѧ͸ٵоĻϣҲдйѧʷĻϵġ1953꿪ʼIJȺ桶ѧԡ(42/1953꣬롶ӡ)̡֪(43/1954)κѧ(51/1962)йѧʡ(52/1963)塷(ᣬ5758/196869)͡½ɽުɽ(塷4ᣬ68/1979)(²ᣬ66/1977)ӡ(68/1979)йѧʮŽ(72/1983)Լصĺͽ¼ƪУԡ(²)塷(IJ)йѧʡйѧʮŽΪIJйѧʷĴ3Уѧǰмߵۣ4ͬʱҲ飬ǼʹIJĹ۵̬Լϲˣ޹⡢عˣ5Ҳ϶ǵѧֵУԡ塷ӰΪ󣬱Ϊ�"ǰ޹˵""ʱΰ"6"̱"ʽľ7ָⲿ(½ުɽ)"ѧҵķоȷʵDZȽϸ䣬Զԣƾרѧ˼֮չġйѧԭۡԭƪڹ֮֮϶ȻҪѷɫһЩ"8ЩУIJȴǡҲһ"Ϊ֮̾Ϊֹ"ΰ9ΪرǣУΨһֻСйѧʮŽһѧΪͨȻ"¼"ȴIJϵйѧʷռĵλԵʮҪڡйѧʡҪǴ˼ѧıȽУʾйѧʣʾй�"ڼԽ""ڽ̼ѧ"춨IJϵ"µѧ" "ִĴ"ڵԭIJϵѧȻвɺӵĵλⱾ(ġ)棬Ҳ˵Ҫֵ˵ʮϰҶйѧʷǺʡɧʱôӶʮ°Ҷĺʮ꿪ʼйѧʷУ˼йѧʷܹǣɧﵱIJƾ˵IJ"ѴͳイúͿĶϵȷ""ǰйѧתΪ͹ѧʵĹؼ"10ҲָIJ"Եϡ֡תйѧͳĻ񡢺ļֵҪ""ḻйĻйѧںǶʮйѧʷϵһơ"11ǴǶȶIJйѧʷѧĸ߶ۣ֮ǡ

IJѧطʡйѧڽѧıȽͨУйɫѧֱۣΪѧ¹ͬĶ塣ڡйѧʡУȷΪѧµĶΪ

ʲôѧǶԵĻǼԷʡ˵ģѧ12

ڡѧͨʮĽ(79/1990)УΪѧĶǣ

(ѧ)ӹĻѧָĻչһǻۣҲָһĻչķǻۡ13

ǰһǴѧģ˵ѧѧ˵ģ˵ѧڱʲôʲô˼

1ѧԵĻԼԻ֮

2ѧǶԵĻԼԻ֮ķʡ˵

3ѧʡ˵ķʡ˵

һIJڡԲۡݿµйѧ"ʵǻ(ǻѧ)"14ҲȫͨġֵģһǴѧĻĹϵѧģѧ˵ѧģּ˵ѧĻռĵλĻĻáһ壬ʵDzѧĹé֮áǰһ壬IJ"йѧ"ۣ϶֤йѧҾƾõѧͳɺһ壬IJϽͺ˵вͬĻϵͳ̬⡣֮Ļϵͳ̬IJͬǵѧIJͬIJѧӽַȻIJԣȫͨڵġɴ˿ԿIJѧIJѧĻʵϣ뿪ĻûѧҲûѧɽҲ˵ĻIJѧIJѧҪɫڣIJѧһڵҪȻIJֿѧ촦ڱ仯еѧѧԱȽϣͻֶ֮ᷢŲСľ롣ΪѧĶоıˣҲ˵ѧѾ̵ı仯ѧԽԽרҵˣѧоһѧԻ˵IJѧйѧڵչ۷壬ôڵѧУIJѧԼĵѧйѧͲܲܵսDzɲģ

IJѧ۳ش"ʲôйѧ"֮йѧлԼƳԻ봴Ǻ͹ķʡ˵йѧݽչ˼磬гйѧֺͬϵϵͳйѧ̵⣬赼йѧĻּȤֵӶⶨ뿪ѧĻͨģ·

IJйѧչ˼ͣ"ѧ˵"ֱϵһġȻΪ"йѧܹ㡣˵͵Ϊġ"15ǣйѧķչ˼Ϊġ16˵йѧķչʷ˼ΪйĻľչֵʷȴ󿪴ϵķչйѧĻչɵԭʼģͣУҾڵλӴ۷濪ǵؽ"֮ͳ"Ӱټǵһȵ""ӣάҵ"ʥ"֮Ϊ͵ʱڡγѧָΣָõĸ֣к۹Ľ˵һȵ""ԣӵΪйѧһȵĿϡһȿϵԭʼģͺ˴˺йѧķչκѧϱƷѧѧ׶ΡIJѧרʷ׶εѧ˼Ӧ˱ڹڵصҵίġȻҵõ߶Ⱥ˼ʽйĻ飬йĻõ˳ʵ󿪡еڶȵĺϣѧҵľǻۣҵĵĻʶǣ""ƣƫʥһ棬ȱ߼֪ʶۣûп¹ľ񣬴˼ν"ʥǿ"ѧΪȵĴ󿪺ϡҼ̳ĩ֣ͤޡɽ壬Ӽѧ""""""ұ"""ʥ"""Ļķչȷģ˻ϮҵֱʽԿҪ"ͨ"ķʽ""ͱҪһ""IJ˵"ҪһۺͣǸԼĻһۺϣҪϣͳĿѧѧԼɸԵһۺ""ۺͲһӻ⣬һƴ̣һл֯ԣۺҪѧϽһѧϵͳѧϵͳж˵'׵Ψ'"17IJ˵ǵҵʹйĻδķչҲйѧȵ""йѧȴ󿪺ϣεݽǡñΪϵĹ̡ȻIJԺڸѧʷķʽ֤йѧչ̡һѧ赼йѧķչѧдйѧʷһֱ֡ɣIJ϶йѧչ""棬ҲֱܵжµѧľͨѧչԵģѧطʡйѧ赼Ͱйѧ⣬Ѷ󡣲ʺָ"ѧʡ죬ҪлʶһҪѧ(ʵ֮ѧ)ʡֻһЩѡ"18λȷʣп϶Ҫйѧ˲δܴڴˣ޷Уʾѧ庭ϵͳ壬ѧжԱȺͿйѧδչ1937꣬дɡйѧ١()һ飬йѧ()ʷоȺӣϧ1957ʽ棬ֱ1982޶ԺӰʮѧ߶ڴ˹עѪ˺ܴĹףںӰϵͳԵ˼ѧʷ뷽۵йѧʷ⣬ɵƾġйѧԭۡIJġйѧʮŽ19ס

֪йѧҪ塢֧ǧͷ׳ʸӣ߾Щʲô⣬ЩѧЩʲôͬйѧδչʲôϵȵȣйѧľδչԴ͸ڡIJڡйѧʮŽԼһЩ¼Ҫ硶йĻչʮ硷(1986)йѧδչ(1981)ֱ˵Ƿֱ˵(£1976)ͨԲ̵̿"е"(1988)ķֱ˵һ˵(1992)20УһѧҵĻʶѧԵؾйѧ̵ѧ⣬жʡ赼Щ൱Ҳ൱ӣ˶ǧйѧѧıȽж͸ףҪйѧԡձԣйѧ֮ص㣬֮Դϵͳ֮Ը񣬵֮Ըϵͳ֮Ը񣬵֮õı󣬷θ֣֮Ըݣκѧֵ֮֮ԵԿǣѧԼ֪ʶ⣬֮һĶţй壬ɫIJֱ˵Ƿֱ˵ԼԲ֮ģʽԲԲƣ壬ݹϵͳ֮Բ켰ݹὲݹݽֱ֮˵һ˵ֽ·ܵ·֤ȵȡIJйѧеʮΪī磬ϸ֮νԵ棬κѧ֮ͨϣ֮磬⣬̨ɽɽԲ̣ͬƣѧ֪磬Ȫ޾оŽ֮磬ԼйĻijͨ⡣Щ⣬йѧ⣬Ҳѧѧ⣬ȻҲIJѧ⣬˵IJѧ⡣IJȷʵѧʡЩ⣬Ϊйѧһѧشѧĵ䷶ߵdzϱΪ4ص㣺

1ֳѧѧѧԵ⡣

2ѧѧشͬԷѧԷҪǸѧԸϵȷԣԹķֽⷽʽѧ֮ʹ߼˼ͬұһ¯Ա֤ѧĿ͹ԣѧ⣬ǽԷʵȡѧ⣻ֲʧйѧıɫѷֱ˵Ƿֱ˵ֽ֤ۺͳһ߼֮䣬ѧķḻ뾫Գ 3ѧ⣬ѧ뼰໥ڹϵѧʷѧ˼ϵͳԣϵͳԸּȤչȫ͸Գ

4ѧشѧʱйѧǰհԣǽͣйѧʷϵԴͣIJͣЩҪĻԴΪϲ¥ʱҪйѧδķչѧĦͨӶѧ⣬ʹйѧзոµ壬δչĹԾǰԡ֮IJ϶йѧѧʡ죬кܸߵѧԣͨʱԣǶߵĸ߶ȽϣʧǰհԻǰԣйѧδչ ǣָǣζйѧЩѾȫ׵ؽˣIJѧشѧѧʽҲDzѧʡ졣

IJйѧѧʡУҲѧʼ֮ͬʶԿԷΪߵ㣨21ԼԶգ 1й۽ѧ(Theoretical MetaphysicsIJϴTheoreticalΪ"۽")йеµѧʵѧ

2"ѧ"( Phenomenal Metaphysics )й"ѧ"

3Ȼ֪ʶΪģйˣΪģ

4ؿ塢˼磬й壬ʵ

5شԣйʵԣ

6ѧ̷룬йѧ̺һ

7йһ

ѧĵIJ֮ڣһԱ֮Իѧ֪ʶѧʣйѧѧʡѧ֮йѧ̣֮Ϊйѧգйѧľǡѧ֮ȱΪѧӡָ

ڲصйûʲô뿴еʲô䱾Σ乱Σйûжеģ䱾Σ乱׺ڡ˲֮֮Уȱʲôй֮ޣʲô˶ͨĻʼǰ֮;һ֮ת22

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ǣΣIJѧıȽУѧطʡйѧֻּڱйѧؽѧؽ

Խйѧķʡ

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1йѧѧϵ

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֮ѧѧΪģֻע"֪ʶ"߼˼磬ӴһЩ߼⡢ѧ⡢Լڵ˼ζѧ⣬ûע⡣رǾĻ˶Ժ"йĻᾧɵʵѧʣնˣһС"32ԣ"й˼ǻҸdzɥ䱾"33

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2йѧ

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IJ϶ԽΪѧҵĶλҪǴ߼ۣһһֱֵ꣬ûиı䣬ֻ˽ѧΪڹ۵һֲ䡣IJԽ߼ϵŬ""Ҳ"ܻݲdz"48˵Լ"ϲµ"49ġ߼1937һ"Ʒ""һõIJο飬ѵ"50ٽ߼ѧȴ߼֪ʶ֮ĹΪ̬dzһ߼ʹͳһı׼Ψ֤ս֮ʽ߼ܵѹƣ51"ڱ֤ɵйܱһ̬ȣ52ܲ˵һ֧"53ͬʱIJҲָʵʵϣδϸ̬ȣ"ҪĶڶֹûŪԡ"54⣬߼רĽ˵Ҳδơǽûʲôϵͳԣ߼�"һõϵͳ飬Եľ"ʹIJ"ľʧ"55ʱġ۵1940֪͡ʶۡ飨56δдѹIJҪеʧˣIJ۽Ϊ"һЩ߼Ե"57̸ѧ˼룬ŶݥȽϣҲȶĸ߳һIJΪ"Ծ弰ʵۣʱνʵۣķ˼оķǿдȷʵܴѧIJ档Լ⣬⡣ⷽҪŶݥã߽˵˼룬ԼʱͲˡ"58ۣȷһλѧңžҪһˡIJҲָ˽ľڣ˵"ҲֻӢ˼룬ٽһͲˡ"59ܵؿIJԽϵ߼ѧۣ߼ijɾ۸һЩ֪ʶۿ϶࣬IJ˵"ҹһȽܾͨ߼ѧߣѧ֪ʶ۵ѵҲʮС"60IJûпġ֪ʶۡһйءIJһԽص࣬϶Ҳࡣ

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йѧѧʡرѧȽϣղйѧȱ벻㣬ͬʱҲйѧųԼˡIJйѧľ絽׻ҪѧֻҪйѧѧųͱضᳬѧȻIJйѧѧ̬ȣ˶žѧ෴ѧ֮йѧŵ㣬ɲйѧ֮ȱ̡֮IJִֵйѧھϸѧ̬ûӰѧΪʦ˱ѧ̬ȡҲ˵IJйѧԽѧĻ֮ͨеõֵġѰζġҲйѧĽϵһȻߡȻǿйѧϰѧѧ͸⣬ѧŪ壬侫ųֳȻߡζǣѧ֮ľ޴ͻIJìܡѧϰѧȫհᣬһһȥظѧĵ·ʹ޲ѧ�"ֳ"ͼѧۣıйѧִ绯IJδѧӦȫѧףӦǶѧŹӳͬٽķչΪδѧ·򲢲һѧģʽΪѧؽйѧйѧһԼĵ·йѧҪߵ·ҲȫԳΪҴѧδչķ֮һʵϣIJΪʵһԸܶһı�"¼"͸¶ĴԸʮʵشIJйѧδͬʱҲӳѧĻ"ֳ"СԿ볬ԽǿʶIJִԸԼѧѧĿڵߵѧ·

עͣ
1IJʱܡԡ̨磬73(1984)棬1ҳ
2ʺIJѧ˼ס̨ѧ֣85(1996)棬73ҳ
3һǰΪIJйѧʷĴ
4Щۺܶ࣬ϿԷΪ5֣1̨ѧۣԲʺȶΪ2ۣԶάΰѫعֱ3ʿֵۣ޹Ϊ4½ѧߵۣԷ¡ձΪ5ۣ١
5μ޹⡶޹ȫ顷ʮ(̨ѧ֣85(1996))IJѧ˼롷һ£עڡѧ˼롷һIJ˵Ĺ۵㣻عйͳĴת(顤֪꣬1988 )岿е<δĹػ>ȡIJڵйѧϵĹס(ʺ溺ࡶIJ̨ѧоᣬ85(1996)棬508ҳ)
6<IJ>,Ԫࡶѧ֡һ,Ϻѧֳ磬1994棬252ҳ
7ȡĻѧ̨̽ѧ֣75(1986) 棬289ҳ
8<ִѧķչ>(ԭΪ1989 ¼¶ѧоѧᣬϿѧ1990456)ļִѧйִ(磬199711°棬12ҳ)
9<IJ>ͬϣ252ҳ
10<IJ>ͬϣ251ҳ<IJ"Ž">ʺ溺ࡶIJͬǰ498ҳ
11<IJѧײ>ʺ溺ࡶIJͬϣ256ҳ258ҳ
12IJйѧʡ̨ѧ֣63(1974)棬7ҳ
13IJѧ֮ͨʮĽ̨ѧ֣79(1990)棬1ҳ˳ָ"(ѧ)"֣""Ϊ"" ˼Ϊ˳
14μIJԲۡԡ̨ѧ֣74(1985)棬viҳ
15IJйѧʡС򡷣ͬǰ2ҳ
16 ͬϡ
17IJйĻչеĴۺͳںϡ溺ࡶѧ뵱硷̨Ľ磬83(1994)棬9ҳ ע⣺IJ˵"Ψ"idealism,һбġ
18ʺ񡶿ӵ硷ͬǰ179ҳ
19 1985꣬dzĺİ棻1997꣬Ϻְ棬Ԥֵİ汾Ҳ½
20μʺIJѧ˼סͬǰ66ҳ53ҳ71ҳ80ҳ
21Ǵѧ˳ʷȫ棬ҲδIJϵʷѧѧʺƫڴĻĽǶȣIJϵ˼Ϊ飬ȽԲ֮㡣ӵ硷ͬǰ151ҳ
22IJ̡֪ԡ̨﹩Ӧ磬43(1954) 棬10ҳ
23IJڲͬ»У׶εĻֲһ£ڡ�""ѧʡ1961һе"׶""Ϊ̫סΪһ׶Ρ.˶Ϊڶ׶Ρʮ걱ԺΪ׶"ѧʡ̨֣59(1970)꣬3839ҳڡѧô1983¼У"׶"Ϊ"Ļ˶Ĺ,һ׶Ρ꿹սƣһתۼ䣬˼Ĵ˳йһ׶Ρ̨壬ִ̨ߣǵ׶Ρ"ʱܡ̨磬73(1984)꣬127ҳΪIJϺģʱںΪ׼ǰߵΪο
24IJʱܡͬϣ139ҳ
25 ͬϣ128ҳ
26ν"廪ѧ"֮˵˵"廪ѧ"ָ廪ϵѧɫԳ廪ѧϵָһϵѧ߼ѧоҲеһԱпɿǡ"廪ѧ"һоͬоĹͬ"ʽ"ʽоʽʹãָ廪ѧǵĹ干֮ͬǶлͨŽ񣬻ͨͻͨô廪�"֮ͬ"Dzܹ֮Ϊ"ѧ"DzǶһ޶ģijˣμ͹廪ѧɣ򡷣廪ѧ磬1997棩
27ںѧĹϵԲοɭѧʶһģ ȽѧĻۡһ̨ͼ޹˾671978档
28IJʱܡͬϣ139143ҳ
29 ͬϣ128ҳ
30 ͬϣ148ҳ
31 ͬϣ148~149ҳ
32IJѧʡͬϣ34ҳ28ҳ
33 ͬϣ33ҳ
34IJʱܡͬϣ148ҳ
35IJһ֮ѧ粢۱ءձѧܿ43ڣ1937624ա
36 ͬϡ
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38 IJһ֮ѧ粢۱ͬϡ
39֪˵IJΪ絽ڽ缰ڽ絽һִ̼Ӧ˵ˣأ޻Խˣ֪ʶ˵IJֳΪ"˼֯˵"֪ʶڣָ˼֮֯ãҪĴǿ¡ͬϣ
40IJѧ֮ͨʮĽͬϡ
41IJһ֮йѧ粢۱ƪͬǰ44ڣ193671ա
42IJѧ֮ͨʮĽ
43IJ֪˵֪ʶ׿˵ڡѧۡ623ڣ19379£
44 ͬϡ
45IJʱܡͬϣ140ҳ
46 ͬϡ
47ΪŶݥʶ"йѧͼϵ"ʮйѧ磬1989棬30ҳ
48IJԭ""߼ءձѧܿ22ڣ1936129ա
49 ͬϡ
50 ͬϡ
51ģ(a)ࡶй߼ʷִݣ磬1989棩£(b)̶йִ߼ʷۡϿѧʿģ1997꣩(c)Werner Meissner,Philosophy and Politics in China:The Controversy over Dialectical Matterialism in the 1930s, Part . 12,20, Stanford University Press, Staford, California, 1990.
52"һ̬"һֱֵʮԴеõ֤󣬰˼һӦ廪ѧѧϵݽȻʽ߼лDzϣ˵߼Ļ䶼߼úһȫУԵۣһЩѧ"ǽ"϶ԽĹ۵֤Ϊʽ߼绤Ϊ"ȷ"Դǣ߹ѧƷʺ͸ֱѧ˷緶ΪΪѻ<Ҿʦ>ࡶصĻءɶĴ磬1995棬200201ҳ
53IJһ֮йѧ粢۱ƪͬǰ
54IJ߼ͬϡ
55 ͬϡ
56IJ1937귢<֪˵֪ʶ׿˵>һ˵"һƣйĺϸûз"D.3.4.1˵ʱIJ֪д֪ʶۣδIJδ顣ġ֪ʶۡһʮ1983ʽ档IJǷö֪ڽġ۵һ飬IJԵƪķIJϵгֹйصۣȼڡ߼䷶IJ߼䷶ۣӡݣ301941棬382ҳΣΪԵǼڡʶ֮СϲᡣIJϴ߼ĽǶȶԽ"ʽ"˷Եָۡ"䡶۵һУȡܶ'ʽ'Ϊ֮ϷۣΪ"飬磬1956棬̨̨ʦѧӡ731984棬455ҳ
57IJʱܡͬϣ141ҳ
58 ͬϣ140ҳ
59 ͬϣ141ҳ
60IJйѧʡ̨ѧ֣631974棬6ҳ
61IJһ֮йѧ粢۱ƪͬǰ
62IJʱܡԡͬϣҳ1
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