ΩԸƽˮʹ罭ϣ
et revelabitur quasi aqua iudicium et iustitia quasi torrens fortis

 

ʷ֮ά
McIlwain,C.H.,ConstitutionalismAncientandModern,Ithaca:CornellUniversityPress,GreatSealBooks,1958.

ʷ֮ά
¡Ŵִ塷

Ȿдʮ󲻾þܷѧ൱ҪĵλʱգѾΪܷѧľƷֵλ߶Դӹŵ䡢Լִʷ嶨ҲͼۺʵʵŬǣߵijɹ֮ں̶ܴҲʧ֮
jurisdictogubernaculum(governmental)һԸӢʷʷϵһЩ⡣˵˶ġӢķɺϰߡʹԵìܡ˶һơڷɺϵ֮¡һšκ˵ԼµĶλѾӭжˡΪ˶ǿڷ֮µʱָǹjurisdictoбҪѭɣgovernmentalκ˵Լ»һǰΪ˽ϵΪѺΪڹϵΪ˵ԱԱַȨʱӦɸùԱ𣬶Ӧɹ𡣿ƿ֮Ըڲܹղķ˹һ־尸˵¿ΪӢ˼дŹjurisdictoĻҪܷһ֧Եʡ
ӰʱΪеȨԺӰΪ׿س֮ʶΪӰڶȰԡ֮üΪԼëġۼʷУڶȰһԭΪߣԺĹ뷨֮Ĺϵ޾񣬿νϸ֮£ȫеȨԭ򡣵ȻʱȨԭҳ֮ȨԭIJ𲻿ԵƣϸӦָǣڹʱԨԴУƽľ䷨Դ֮һƽȫɱٸټְѡٱٺͨƽ顱ԼԪǰ289-ǰ286䣬ƽͨġǷ涨˺ƽͨľ龭ϿɣȫЧҲ֮ΪLexͮԭۡҳ33ˣ׿ȨʽȥնɭѰԴ˵ȫʧ͹ԼĶ.
²jurisdictogubernaculum(governmental)ʷڽ⡣ΪùʱܷͻΪŪĶ󣬱˵į̄ͺ͵ʱ޷ʵʩʱܷأһ棬ùǿôȨ͵ò֤ܷŵIJΪһֽģеIJֽܷpaperconstitutionĽ֮Ҫּ֮䱣һƽ⡣һƽļֱܷ²ʣҪǣµĶַõСǰġΪܷ޷ʵʩֹ۵ĽǷdz޵ģǾֵܳģϣǿļȡǿܸͲԸʵʩܷܱΪҲ˵ܻܷ֮ר֮ʵֽܷ;ƶ֮Ķ˵ܷjurisdictogovernmental֮ijͻΪ볹ס
µⲻʵʱܴڵʷȱݡ嵽ʷ˵ǶһҡڲĹļ¼P.139˵żijʵɷ֡ΪѰԴŬ޷ǮǸΪҰҼ׵Ʃ洦ܶʱֻ֡ΪʷѰıµĸĺ屻ˡʲôǹŴִ¸ûдһΪؼҲڷѧпԽѧ˼ĵطȴˡǽ˹Ŵִ֣һdzֱʷ⺭ϵĽáŴִûչ׵ʧʷ֮¡ϣĶ߱ضʧաʷ֮άҲ˶ꪳɳ
ʷIJ֢ʷҲϣֵۡΪԡԼΪʷҺͷɼҵĶ죬ʧ˽ҿŴִɴĵһȷָԣμƪȡƪΪҪΪƪһʩ˹ѧɵ˵μƪжеijǰcityindeedƪһеijǰ(cityinspeech)⣬ָϣȻִϵȻ⺭һȻϣʵһ׼ֿҲȷģȻΪؼǣϣϰףǺ֪ʶԵģûлýҪĵλԣ˹зһлͲԷɽһ䳰ȷˡ񡷣ͼѷɿɲһģµļաƪ£ǣƺûʶΪϰ׵ķΪ֪ʶѧϣǰеļո֮ڱƶµȱʧεԭ֪ʶϰ׵вҲѧԷɵвڻ̵ıУݻѧɷвҲŵҮ·Ķ⣬µǶԷҲ޷ŵֵĸƣԾͶʿµġŵơӶˡ
µдʽע˹ŴִⱾ֮ΪŴִ塷е˫ȱϯϣ͵Ӣֱ죬ƺչʾһʷĶѡתͻ֮µҰʧˣŴִҲҰʧˡʩ˹ԹŴִ˼ʫԼŵҮ·ضʾִ˵ˡʩ˹ʲôѧָӹŴתִһĴƵ˸ƵƶȣSee,Leo-strauss,WhatIsPoliticalPhilosophy?,p.43ڡ˹ѧһָʮ͵ʱʷѧStanleyRosen,LeoStraussandtheQuarallBetweentheAncientsandtheModerns,p.158ΪƶȵάǼ˵ĵԵտʩ˹ָһתšҲͷ˵תš㡣һת۱ԭдһ֣̽巽۵ĸѧϵĸԼɴ˴ĶȻϵĸı䡣˺Ȼϵĸı䳹׵شݻ˹ŵոϵȻnaturalrightΪ˴ȻĴ˾޿ԵġϡǣȻӶȻȨƶȵ߼ڷɼİȡǰδеʤִչҲҪıɴ֮¸ûкͻشŴγִ壬·ҿŴִ֮ŬȻдߡ