ΩԸƽˮʹ罭ϣ
et revelabitur quasi aqua iudicium et iustitia quasi torrens fortis

ԭ

  
һĿΩ󣬷ڡԵĿܺʱˡ߿𷢲ƱȻձĸΪDzȱЧල״ϵУڳ̶ϱֳȵĹϵ
ȳһֳе⡣⣬Ŀǰ׶Σ岻ͬйIJʵһ֮ǡ󡱽⣬ΪؽЧIJල߼ϱеĻҪأЩҪڲͬĻδͳڵı﷽ʽΪһ̸ñһ˶˵:йԼĵ´ͳԣӦԼĺӡ¸ҡʵʵЩƷ(˵ĻҪ)ԹͳIJͬᴫͳ֮ڣֻвͬı﷽ʽ磬йֱƵĻչ˵Ʒʣǡǻۡ塱η벻ҪΪǻ޹أҲҪΪ¸޹أͬҪΪηʵ޹һ
ȷеسΪÿһͥڲνͥľѧоΪʿ½ѧڼѧͥҹIJҵݱ䣬ĩڣǰѳΪġ⡣
Ļԭ˹ܵпԲҡ꣬رҵĶȤģ˹ܵġѧ塱ָ塣ΪֻرǡָBعճִġԭ֧˰ԭȻЩԭҲ˹ܺ׫дġۡУ͵أڵƪ˰ա½ڡģһԭйھȻûСءʱͶҪأ߼ҪЩԭ˹ָ:˽ԴӵеءʱͶҿ˽˵ÿһ˰ֵ˰룬ԴҲҪء˹ܲ˸˰׼:
(1)˰ƽԭ򡣴¶ԣһ˽ɵ˰Ӧṩķļֵ;
(2)ԤڵȷԭÿһӦɵ˰Ӧȷġ˰ʱ䡢ʽӦӶܹԼӦɵIJȶԤڡ˹ָ˰൱˰IJȷСöһֶ񡣵˰ʱÿһ˰˶˰˵Ȩ֮£˰˿Լϲ˵˰ڿȡƷͽǮԣȷ˰ͻ񣬡ԭҲˣø˹ֲ˵ǴӸеõĽѵرһ֣ΪﱨƺС£ȴܷ˹ܵһƲ:˰ƶ£ԭҲˣҲø;
(3)˰ıԭ򡣵Ȼıָ˰˵ıԣǶԹǵıԡ֪й͸˰ԣһҪԭȴ;
(4)˰ĽԼԭÿһ˰ֶӦܵؼ˰֮һΪ˰ġ˭ĵһ?ܷӺ͹ŷס⣬Ӧ˰ƱIJԵµ˰ġһԵĽܳνߡص˰˹ŬӶ˰ܶ˹д:˰տܻʹ˲ڷŬʹǶԿΪṩҵƵҵ㲻ǰǿʱ˶ʹԭ˰ҵĻʧУ˹ָ:˰ԱƵķʺĺ˲飬ʹ˰಻Ҫ鷳ѹȡע⣬ʹˡѹȡһʡ
ֲ̽ԭһԭ:ලµIJԶ˼ල˰ߵҼලøЧҸ߹ƽԡҪǣսһƽƽĿں:޴˰(no taxation without presentation)һںŵԶԶԽĻľ򣬷ж˸ĵطͺЧֻ˰˰ЧرԸǡpresentationǷҪᡱ翪ƪۣʵǾĻͳڵıʽ⣬ıʡáĻҪء
ĵڶԭ:Կ֧˰롱Ǹľ飬֮ЧҺҪ֧ҪΪĿĶ֧ȫ֪֧ǷҪ(ӶΪǷӦ˰ֻ˰)Լպල˰Ƿڸ֧ǵĹԶڼͥ붨֧Чʡ
˹˰ԭ򣬺ϳƲĵԭǵԭνԭ:ѡʵĹѡƣɺ߾˰˰
˻ԭʵ߲ſѰйĺʱ

߲