ΩԸƽˮʹ罭ϣ
et revelabitur quasi aqua iudicium et iustitia quasi torrens fortis

 

ȱʧ --ӵġѧ

١־ IJ˶

ŷʷϴĿĵһĻѧԴ˽̵ķ˼ⳡ˼Ϊ˼Դͷˮңɴ˶ѧ̽Ϊ˼ʷӲһ

˵ؿһ˼ʼٸߣôij˵ӣGustave Le Bon,1841-1931ԳΪİؿˡһ͹ȥˣλȰؿ˸зȨġؿˡڷķȻԵ¡ⱾѧУԷʲ׼ڽ̸ĸʷ¼Ϊߣθڽ̸дڵ״̬ԷĴݽ׷ʽ׿ѧ˵ĿѧԲ˵ԵѧһѼ⵶˺ʷĴ̡ϽӸǡѪܵİؿˡ һȱʧ

û˻ɷһĸϰϹ֮ԡ󡱣ڡȻźǣȴһûƶȻȱʧû֧֣ǡ񷨡ϵͷĽĽȻûԼǴģΪһȺ˵һʱ嶯ΪĹߡ ӵĸǶһȱԼķ˼ָ֡Զʽڵ[i]áıƺһ͵ıҺ͸ľ޴仯ָļı˵ı

Ϊһ塱ЩҡǴģȨɡƽȡԼԱԼȨȵݣΪ֤ġ顱[ii]

Ȼһҵ۸ǸҪﵽĿġָڴʼʱɡƽȡ֮ĸȷʵǵʵϣǣŸķչʡ̰ԼԽߵij޵ģЩܿسΪ˽б绤ĺϷڣΪЩае߲ɡƽȡЩںŵı󣬴ҪѼɵƲĶ[iii]

ӷ߰ؿ˶ԷһǰؿԤԡ[iv]ʵڡΪ޲˹ӶϵغҾ񣡡ʱȨʹλɸʴߡˡ޼ҡʣDzǶжDzΪһĿľҲˣ񱻵ҰĵֶΣΪڸе߲ҡײƭĻ
׷ƣؿΪƾ޳ܵĶ[v]пάΪܴȻܹٲʢǣڴоԼΰĹΰ񡣡[vi]ȱһĸпάΪָרƵġרƶȡ[vii]

ƳӢΪģͰƣڷ˼Դͷϵ˹ͷ̩Ϊ˶ƳġʵϣӲһطĿеƶӢƶȡĹݡƽȡŬĿ϶ȵȹӵͼָ ̸ʱʵϽָӢԲͬʽڣǶѭͬԭ򡪡ǶԸֲͬ۵ȫĿݣڽȺδŵģڸְҵУԽԺʾֻҪ߱ҪκűͿԵõijְλУûʲôܹԸ˵Ŭϰ[viii]

ĹϵһȨ˭ʹ⣻ʹ⡣ʱȺ˳νӵġëͬ־˵ӢǸɹʵ֮󣬰䲼һ󷨣ȥܷ[ix]˵ڸ֮󣬻һƶȻḶ́ķƻΪĿĹ̡һУҪͬƶȻҪ֮һֶ̬IJĹ̡ οѧҰ˹޵Ъѧʵ飺Ϸ߱Ҫ200ΡͽϷ֡ظͽӳһֵ͵Ķض̬ġյĽȴ˳ԾĹڶ׶ѧѧҰСύ򵥵IJԣһһTIT FOR TAT[x]

۷ܵʷǷ֣֡һһIJģʽһѭĹȦƶȻ̵ĽΥɱػ⵽ıѣΥġ⵽ıѡ

ڷֶѭĽһһ̨ܷ1843꣬˹ָʮ,ӶɫɫܷӼ嵽ר壬ʽķɣʵкܶһʱԺ󣬾ͱ׵һߣΪµܷͷ档[xi]

׼ȷ˷ʷڼ䣬Ⱥƶ1791ܷ1793ܷ1795ܷ1799ܷܷ仯֮ƵĿϾӡ1789굽1870䣬ƶ˲ܷƽ7Ҿһܷܷ鳡еܷδʵʩͱκʷҲġ

ɽХת˲ţʮ֮ǼͱѪǣȴûΪƶȻṩһҪĿռ䣬ǰһвڽ£Ϊרṩ˾ר޷߱ƶȵĽ֮ѣԡĸһһεĸٺ

Ʒȱ

ӶԵĴоǾпԵġ俪ԵĹԴªоʱеӽǡ޵IJѧѧĶӽǣѧһ硣ѧоؿо򣬶ԺѧοѧķչҪס
ӦóϣӶԴоΪ۵оؿһǾǶоܱػͬȺоϵĵλΪӡΪŵ񻰻Իһ[xii]ΪһۼңӸΪؿȺо۵Ӱ졣
ȻӦ۵ķոմ𲽽׶ΣѶǵΪĽ͡ԼõķѧķǣԴоڹĹ۲Ͷʷܽᡣ ӵ̩ѧɵĹԡĻһС̩ѧеֶԷIJ̬ԼһѧʷʵѡϵĵƬӵƪƷ洦ɼ

⣬ӵì֮಻磬һΪļ̳ߣΪء˴ƻ˴[xiii]һֽΪƶȵĻָߡΪڳƵۺĴʩ̶ܴؽƶȡ[xiv]

ӷԷıȻDzûпĿݡҪЩµĸߡնɱΪʷֵıһ֮Ψһ취[xv]ֶһֱ¶˲㤡

Դѧоѧ磬䡶ں֮ڡһаڵ17ԵĶְ汾ŶݥΪر֮̾˵ס̾٣ö֪ȫò1920꣬֯˹ѧ磬Ԫõ֧·ˡ־ѧ顷͡ѧ顷״飬ǰٶУǰ֮࣬йɶӵӡӵƷ౻ܵй˴Σѧһ١־ѵɣġԡڽڳ棬϶ߡ


١־ʦѧĻо
IJ ˶ʦѧùѧԺ


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[i] Gustave Le Bon, The Psychology of Revolution, New York, 1913, p.296.
[ii] Gustave Le Bon, The Psychology of Revolution, New York, 1913, p. 194.
[iii] Gustave Le Bon, The Psychology of Revolution, New York, 1913, p.66.
[iv]ؿָԳƵġơڡһֱĵ·ѸٵرһкʵĹͷΡμ[Ӣ]ؿˣۡ䣬ޣ룬ӡݣ1999棬164ҳ
[v] [Ӣ]ؿˣۡ䣬ޣ룬ӡݣ1999棬125ҳ
[vi] []пάƶ룬ӡݣ1992棬36ҳ
[vii] []пάƶ룬ӡݣ1992棬197ҳ
[viii] Gustave Le Bon, The Psychology of Revolution, New York, 1913, p. 315.
[ix] ëѡ϶ű693ҳ
[x] ĵIJμ߸ݶԻķӦԵѡ
[xi] ˼˹ȫ36,1,1975,581-582ҳ
[xii] []ܱأʱ塢룬ӡݣ1999꣬380ҳ
[xiii] Gustave Le Bon, The Psychology of Revolution, New York, 1913, p.266.
[xiv] Gustave Le Bon, The Psychology of Revolution, New York, 1913, p.148.
[xv] Gustave Le Bon, The Psychology of Revolution, New York, 1913, p.55.