ΩԸƽˮʹ罭ϣ
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*̨ѧʷϵڣ


ҼժҪ


¡һӦͬʱ߶壺һʾɶͬεġйϵĵԪɣгԽԪ޵ĹͬһԣǸ˴߲֮εĹϵҲж˼ΧҾ䣬¡ųظ֣亭ԼԹΪָ

һ¡ָȻĿռ䣻
¡ָйķһ磻
¡ָʵҴij

2ȻĽ

21¡Ȼܺ

¡һжغĿռ֮Ȼ֮𡢼ụľռ䡣ĺһΪеĸ뱣ϡĸͨ㶯ѣ˹ɡ¡֮лײϢĿռ٩ˑw֮ԣԶнڣʹ֮ͨ£ܸԡ¡ҲIJȻ硣

22Сʾ

ϵ˺һԼȻ޸ʶΪԡ¡ۡСʾ˾Ա⣬ע֮ʩӦ˳ʱȻ֮Թġ¡ΪΧʱ֮ܶ¡ʵ޾֮ʱΥ֮档һšﲢ຦ж㣡ȻڵۣҲƷУ˺Ϻġ¡ͼʽ

23

볬ԽϵңĹؼҲȻĹϵ־ܶߡΪΣӦڡġӦ֮ԣġԡԪ֮е±٩Ąԭ졸ġ¡yߺʿụ̃ٹҵб磻ֹǡͨ塹ҪﵽĿ꣬ӦΡʩҽ˼ʹϵͥչӡ򸾡ֵܡѵףӦλĵʵˡ¡Ҳ໥ӦʵµĹϵ

3йķܺ

31¡ִе
Ҷԣ¡˼滥֮οܡִµĸݣν̴֮ΪһԭʼȨʶľתΪԺ͵Ծζִ±ϵ¡񱾺ʵЧԭʹ¡е硣ԡDķĿռγɡ¡ķλģʽΪйˡ¡ĻṹΪй֮Ϊܡִµ࣬ге롢нĵͳ⺭Ӹָйġģ}ʥһС򡣹ʡ¡롸йԡеΪ

32¡йķĿԼܹ
¡οܣ˫ؽṹһ㣬ڣ⣻ڶ㣬ġйڣķĵ⣻ڶ⣬˳ɡ¡ڡ¡ṹУйģķĵҡҵġ¡˼룬ˡһҡ롸֮ijͻԴˣԡıġ˵ ˳ͻΨʷǧġйһֱвͬ廷ܵľˣǿĵͳչֵ֮ΪȵΪ˾ָһֵ֮·


33¡롸Ϊ

ҶԣDķļܹΪУǰҵĽڹ͡¡֮塣ӹ¡⺭ҴСȺĴС컯ڼ¡¡һ棬ǡΪӸ衸¡͡ΪΪļֵΨʩԡʡ㡸¡ܵĹԭ

4ʵҴij

41ҨD¡Ĵڸ

ҡƽ¡˼룬ϳһڡ¡֮ڸֵĵ䷶ѧڶ⣬ɼҹֳ֮ʹ¡ΪʵҴڼµijһǿ֮Ҵе壬޿صĿռ䣻ͻ֮ij֣롸¡ֵ۵ļֵ

42еµĴ
Ҷԣ֮Ҵĸڡʵڡ D ¡еΪΣΪƽȣҲ򴦾ıġʾеһӦ롸¡ʿѣԡ¡ΪƵĽǿĸͨԡµı֮·

43־
ԡ񡹴κְλСػȴһһƽաͻڡ¡СļԡԺͺԡָӶСļز֮ϣָевգ־롸ڣָеĺ׼һһԡ¡Ϊ򡣿˵־֡

5ŵ뵱ĶԻ
51ȻĽ

ҡ¡˼ŬʹԼԼִƼӺϵԼȻӵͽĵ־һ̬ʧšִ̬ѧٶȿȻž˼ʹִƼ̬ԭΪ¡ṩ˲ҿضȻļֵҲԤʾϺ̬ĿƼͲҵΪʵҪ

52عΪ˵λ
ҵĹ۵Ҫ֮һʶԼе壬ȻеľԽɫŬԸͻ֮䣬ͨˣһļֵͽɫкϵ󡣴⣬Ϊȡ¡Ӧ汸Իµ룬Լֹʧȥı٩nҲṩеļֵԴƽִƫֵ֮ʽ΢Σҵġ¡ĸУѽ־ʹijֿռڼ¡ʵȺ͹ȻܷإһĹʹܰȻصΪ˵λá

53δչ
ԵҰ¡ĵһṹǣ浽йϵؽڶṹ롸ȫϵӡӴ˶ṹиԪڵʵȻԼԣάԪϵȶԵйڲķչʹϵƽ⣬Ҫ塣

6
¡ĺȻĿռ䣬ӦȻгദչȻȻڵ¹ۣӦԵ̬ؽṩ˼Դҡ¡˼Ĺ۵ϿӦáйDķĶؽṹµġ¡֡˫ӦڵһṹйϵУʵĶλͺӡйڵڶṹдڶԪϵʵȷȫϵ淢չԸͺλԡ¡ΪʵҴij򣬽ִʵ硢ԽݵIJϵڴϵУʵ˵־ؽ˵ֵصΪ˵λãﻯΣ


Ķҵ
1סɣ衢ԣͬˣ裻ڣ裻̣裻㣾裻
ˣ裻棾裻裻᣾öԸԴʡ
衢ԵĴעΡã׳̴̨磬
1974̨꣬ӡһ棩
ϵϴһ£££ʮ£ϵ´
µעΡ䣺ױ塷̨
磬1974̨ӡһ棩
2顷ӣ鷶ھģھע룺
ע롷̨̨ӡݣ1979˰棩
3ʫ?ͣ?A񣾡Ρ䣺ʫע̨
Ⱥó湫˾1991꣩
4٫Ԩйؾ֮£ʣ֮£
̩źѧ£ΡΡ˴£ʣ֮£ϣ
е£鹫֮£ҢԻȨ֮¡
5ӡһġ塢šʮ£
󣾶塢£
Ĺġߡʮĵ£
¦һġ塢ߡʮߡʮšʮߵ£
£ġ塢£
ģšʮšʮʮšʮ¡
6ѧѧ֮νινƽ£¡
7ӹ֮νԣΨϣϢ
أҢ˴¡
ӡѧӹΡ伯ע
DZ⣺½⡷̨֣δųڣ


Ρο
1IJйѧ٩_̨ѧ֣1994ٰˢ
2츴ۣܳڽľԾšйʷ̨
̨ӡݣ1969꣩
3Ǯ£¡ѧäԡϣ롶Ǯȫ48ᣨ̨
ҵ˾1998꣩
4ƿܣѧ˼ʷۡ1̨D鹫˾1991꣩
5顷ʷʶ֮оѧ2ڣ¡
̨庣ѧ1993꣩
6巽йνԴ׹ѧʷ۴ԡ̨
֣ͨδųڣ
7ٻй롸ġν֮ѰԴ½־311
ڣ ̨ҳ17-24
8һңй˵¹ۡйĻۣԴƪDľ
̨ҵɷݹ˾1981꣩
9йġެлл--һϵչ
ʶḶ́лԪһ֡ѧԺ
磬1989꣩
10ʡ᣺йԪࡶйϺϺճ
磬1998꣩
11ʷзʱġййʶ̨ʶļ̨Ͽ磬1999꣩
12ӣԡԵĿ϶ԹزܳɷԲ̨D鹫˾1986꣩
13˳Ļ̬й˺г˼µĻۡ뽭ࣺѧĻԻ̨Ľ磬1994꣩
14𣺡̬ũҵıϡϿԴáѧֻģݣʦѧѧԺ20009£
15ִѧ̸ѧ־12ڣ19954¡
16½Ⱥ㣺ϵʱ塷̨ͼ鹫˾77꣩
17Ulrich Beck ԭα룺ȫΣ̨̨ӡ_1999꣩
18Romano Guardini ԭ룺ִĽ̨湫˾1985꣩
19David Suzuki ԭӱ룺ʥƽ⡷̨ܳ磬2000꣩
20Holmes Rolston , III ԭ룺 ѧȻȻļֵ̨_85꣩

21ա򣺡й?¹ۡ?-?-??ྩ?ͬ־磬ĻvίԱᣬѺ31꣩
22Benjamin I. Schwartz, The Chinese Perception of World Order ,in John K. Fairbank ed., The Chinese World Order: Traditional Chinas Foreign Relations (Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1968.)
23John K. Fairbank , A Preliminary Framework , in The Chinese World Order: Traditional Chinas Foreign Relations (Cambridge Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1968.)
24Mark Mancall , China at the Center: 300 Years of Foreign Policy ( New York: The Free Press,1984.)


˼⣺
1ҵġ¡˼룬ȻڵϸΪΣڴ˹ϵоĵλɴ˶չۺۣ

2¡ΪοܣĺΪΣɴ˶룿¡Ľṹ⣿

3ʲôҡ--¡Ĵڸ֣ڴ˸Уܳƽ־

4ҡ¡˼㺭⣬յ˵Ĵкοܵļֵ壿




ظ:

ߵԼΣѹ£¡Σ ҵ·ǷлΪ֮ͬԸһƽеƽһ

һΣδͨйõëʱʵں̶ܴϼ̳ˡ¡ͬǡĻ֮УйȷǷѹĸߵͬйļ󣬼Ƚѹ񣬴ﵽͬʹ˶ԣ߽ë󶫿й䣬ӡ֡¡ͬʵڰʮȻھʮͬʼ⡣˹ѧ˼Ӱ첢ǡҪйִԽ̡

ʿһ롰¡׵ĸʿߣΪģΪΪʥ̾ѧΪ̫ƽʮʿʣΩ֪ʶӵרҵѧ淶ȵȵȣԼҵ򡣡¡һֵͬʱ߽֮С

ֻС¡߽ˣп𡣴֮ʿкܴġҪִԽеסͱ˵лõλƺֻ˳ҽ(the Building of Nation-State)ĵ·ȥ

СܶĽλͽ̡



ظ:ҡ¡˼ں䵱

ں̶ܴ,ëʱĽʵǽͳй""ִᄈµĺ-ʹԹԻʽʵ,ӶֵؽйڱǿǶִԾһֱŵ¶.˼·,ǽйΪҵĺԻձԱȻԽн,еԻڸ.찲ǰںֽ,ˮ齻.
,ĺԱ(ij̶ֳϱ͵ߵ)ľ,α֤ϵҵĺ,ֱ֤ܵʱ,µĺԵĵ.һǶ˵,ȫʱͼڽһּȷҲµ""Ϊʵλͽȷʱ,ͨڵѹϵȷ,ǷҺһͨĴڻýϵ?


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ʵ漰һйԺڡΪʲ۹񵳿϶У񵳾ǽ⡣ʯܹѵطͳһһ£Ѿ൱ˣҪϽ¡ĸ⣬Ǿ͸ˡϽû޵ʱҲĴĴҲؿ׷ӣ׷ҪIJ飬ʵʵʱ⡣ʥǡʥ֮ʱߡÿ׷֮ǡǡԺ塱ë󶫡

1949һڶִҵƶȵĵ춨ȫһͳˣǡ¡ı֣һйԽˡҡĵ·Ȼδ˼·dz죬кһϵеĹηҡǿ⣬⣬ûʲ⣬ˣͺйʮͼ˷ܶҪڡ

µʥǼתܱͣ֡¡⡣涼ҪĴʽӹ죬ԡ¡֮ˣصϽʯޡ

гϢ̨ҲͲŪ--½ˣƫһ̨֡ȱΰ׷󣬼ֱ־磬ʦо䣬ռֵ׷ų߸СûΰΣǿûжΰ׷ѧһؾҪ

֮飬ܺãһλ⡣ҪҲҪ̫ðƻһ֣ġ¡ִ֤ͬãһȥһжǰ״


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ظ:ҡ¡˼ں䵱

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