ΩԸƽˮʹ罭ϣ
et revelabitur quasi aqua iudicium et iustitia quasi torrens fortis

 


˹
㣨йѧѧϵڣ

˹˵ڽ̣»ڽ̣ȫͬ;ڽ̽׶е߾;Ψɴ;ճΪˡ;Լʶˣ˹ϣٴλǶӡ˵˼ռijֺĵĵλԼΪдõ֮һļר˾⡣۵һҪصǣеĸ徫ֱӹҽѱӵǸԽ֮άǰ֤˸ѵľзԣһָߵӸ˵Ƕָľܾۿһ۵IJΪִ˼ͼȥҪ·֮һ˹ԼIJͷ֮Ϊһ֡ѧʵϸһ桸ѧķַʼհһάȣĸ˶Լʶѡ˵ֽ·ȥǽ֮Ϊˣһͽȥ

һ

ϸ˹ʱȻѧ˼ѧֱѧѧռ˶ľӰ죬ǵһͬǰ˵ԿռԵģҵһ˵ԷͥΪʶͥԭȥʶʱϵһԽάȱȡˣsinҲ֮˶evil⡣1

ڿֶ͵رΪһֵϵ⡣ԴΪԴ⣬ԭƺΪġΪʵһַʽǰѶΪͨŴǵʼ洫ǡ2 ѰҶĸԴ˵ԺΪӶʹÿҪΪԼΪֵĶеΡÿһֶжҪѰϵԴͺֱӴа״̬뵽һ3 ȫɵģԸԼҪΪ֡롹𡣻仰˵˵ʶԼӦģǵµȥ˾Ϳ԰ֶоͰ˿ѧԭӦãұܹ

ڸ˼ѧϲȡ˳ԽάȣͬʱʹһԽĺ塣Ϊ߼ġ񶨡ƶݽһٶػ򻷽ڡ˵˶Լ޵ʶ˼Ƕ񣬡ڵļȻ״̬еķ˼֮ӽ׶Ƕġ4 ˵˱ȻҪȻ״̬ʶôֶDZȻģ˵޵ʶ˼ҪݽĸΪձľ֪ôһ֪һϣڸ˼ո׶ԶĿ֮⡣

˹ѧ˵Ĺ۵и˹Ϊ

ĸĽ̻ؽǻҲǻ̴ΪǻȻ˶֪ʲôɡ5

˵ڶ۵Уѧ˼У˹۷ԳԼص㡣

ȣ˹ӸոѧͳһֱŵġT֪˼룬˼ĸӹ˵֪ϡ˹ԭڣ˼Ի翴ĸӸ˾и˵ĸΪԴʼԸСջ̵ĽͣĸԸУ֪УңԸĶӰ쵽˵ʶ6 ˵Ըڸ˵˵Ҫϸ˵֪иԴʼֱӵĹϵոʽġT֪ĶУȱٵľԸΥ־ˡ7 Ϊ˼롸޷˾ȻʶزȥΪƣ֪ΪȷȴƫȥǴģ8 ΪֻҪȥ˼ͻڡֻҪ֪ˡӦáһܹʵСӸĽǶȿڡ˼롸ڡ֮䣬Ӧܹ֮䣬Լʶʵ֮ɴһξ룬һ־ԵתԵת֮С9 ʵУ˹ٳЦԵ飺

һվ˵ȷ飬һжȴ飬˱ûǼЦԵˡ10

Ⲣ˵αװܹʶֳ֮IJǡǡ෴һ˿˵϶ֵͬϣЦԲʵġʵеľ˲֪ͬʱҲԸԣ֧䣬߷ͻʱ˵ѡͻᱻӳ٣ֻҪʱ䳤һ̶ȣ֪ܻᱻģԸһµĵزڼijЩڱ粻ڱΣͻǵĽϵͼϲľͽ11ֳֽǶȵڣոװڱοδ⣬̰Ϊ˲Ըȥ⡣ˣ˹ĽǣĸھߵԸ֮С

ΣԺڸ˼ѧ˹رְ˵ֻ͹ۺ˼оַȷָﲻκοѧ˼ѧĺʶ12 ܱ˼˼һ˼˼Ͳܲ˳ġ񶨡ﲢֻһҵķ񶨣෴ȴ϶šֶ϶֮Բͳ˼ѧ֮⣬Ϊи˵Ľܹϵ˹ķǵ˵ķ롹λĸܱ˼ֻСˡָܱ˼13 仰˵͵ΪDzɷģTߣаĺǣǵԼϣǵˣthe single individualʸ񡹡14 ڶѵķ롣ˣ˹ԼIJͷ֮ΪһѧһЩרָģִĹ۵㿴ַʵһ֡ѧķ15 ַаһάȣΪ߶ʶѡ

˹ԼлָϵԽ֮άڿ˹ߵУΪվڻĴУֳԽ֮άParadoxķʽ֣һĹϵ̸ڰᣭ˹ġļУΪվڻڵֱӿ϶ˡϵǰ16 ˵еĵԳΪߣѣΪϵǰǻῴԵsinɴ˺ڽ̣˵guiltң˹ʱǿģΪߵĵλʹ˺ϵ֮ɲԨ


ıʲôôԴģ⣬԰¹˹ڻһֱҪԭ˹֮ΪŴ֮ϵпܸijִ𰸡ʼķԼɴ˸Ӱ죬ڽѧǸʵڻ⣬˵ȴһսͳ˼У֮ڶϣͣڡ֪֮˵ϡľҼDzԽġ˹ڻָԼŬĸʽʽͬϣһijֽһ۲ϵ˹˵ġѧѧ֮̽ᄈжij⣬άϿġۡ·ȻάȵʽȴһڳΪˣһͽСһ£˹뵥ԼʱIJ;Ӷڴ۲ϰ˶ǰƽһ

ڡĸһУ˹Vigilius Haufniensisѻͨ˵ԭoriginal sin֮ΪŴ֮hereditary sinΪͳѧŴ֮ȥ˵ﱾԴʵһ⣬DzûаסνŴּ֮Ŵ֮ıԳ죬ȴδץסDzŴ֮......17 ˣͼһ۵IJȥŴ֮ΪСϡIJ״̬νʵ˹еһҪ룬ָеĸڶ˸ֿԵδҵʱIJ

˹ûаѲֻĻԵ򣬻˵һ״̬18 ϵأϵŴշ˵ˣνġŴΪϵIJһһŴҲʷĴбֳһϵĵʷÿһеIJԸ˲Ӱ죺Ԥȵʹ﷢Ծ򡣲ֲֻʹԤȾѣǿȸԾע⵽˹ʮǿڲ֮һܱ˵Ծqualitative leapԾ֮Բܱ˵ΪɲĹеĸġ˹޻Źɵĺϳ塣ѼζžspiritʼΪߵĺϳɱʶ־ѵijʼ֮ʡϽʱÿҪץסԼ֮ʣʧط֣κΡɱץסԵֻǡޡѡԡޡIJ19 ӻϽľѣʼԡܡķʽֿ֣ȴǹκΡʲôĿܣֻǿ֮ܣֿ֮˿ԼޡʱΪǸǰIJ20 ۴Ͻ˾֮IJʾ˲ѵԼˡ21 ȻȴʶҪӱܲ˴޿κΣ뿿ԼķʽȥⶼʹԼγһִŤĹϵУǸ֮УԾ ıԵ⣬˹ҪڡļһУеľоⱾУ߰ᣭ˹ڻϣָ漰Ҫػ򻷽ڣǾʹϵǰ22

ȣеľءʲôǾأļһƪ˵Ǿ񡣵ʲôǾ񣿾ҡʲôңһĹϵ23 ֮ڴ۵ϽﲢǴͳϵʵ壬һֹϵ񲻽޻֮໥ᴩĹϵΪңֹϵϵΪߣֹϵУγɵĴϵ¡ҵϵ֮ǴģΪͽİᣭ˹ڵûʶĹϵֻΪǸˣijָ֣¡ȣζŸ˾ľѡڳΪ˵ĹУΪ侫ľѣʶпʹ֮ϣǾʸڲߵ㷢24 Σij˵ʶҪңԼγһԵĹϵǶԼľʵ˵Զ޷ԿƻԼ

Լִϵʹֳֻʽ1ھвҪΪǡʽľʽʽǣھ25 ˲ʶԸʶԼһѰܳݵżԼ󡣶һ˵һ̶ȵķ˼ܹҴΧȴԭͬʱֲܰͻȡ򡹵Ľʽҿӵе츳ȣһҪõ˵Ŀ϶оֹǻǵ𾴣ڱ˶һ˵ƷԼ˵λжϡ26 Ŀ֮ڣǶԾ״ʵǾչˣǸ˽ԼһìܷӦһǺ޶ԼһϧԼ

2ھҪΪǡΥʽľʶߣʽҲڷչڶʽǶľǰһ󲽣ΥҪΪһ棬жҶԣеڹעٶ޵ȤҵҲһ㣬ʹЩҵΪģҲΪġһ棬ͱɵҶԣգѰɣҪĻȫʹΪ27 һֶԸߵԹޡ

־ʽԣǰ߿Թںߣ˵ʶߣǰߵĽһչң͵ڶʽ֤Ƕһָ֤һҪΪԼԼˣԹ޵ʵǡԼˣڶԹʵʰʹ࿴Լڵһ֤֤ԼܹΥһ޵ġߡ

ַչʽϵľ˵֮ĽܹҲǰᣭ˹һָһҪڣǾǿνǿָصڡϵǰϵ۵Ĺ28 ֮Խϵǰһǿdzһ˼룺˵ʶڲͬı׼´ﵽȲͬ˵ı׼£˶ҵʶʹһ޵ңҵľҲֻ޳̶ȵľϵ۳Ϊ׼ʱͷʵı仯ϵ۵Ĺһ֣Ҳǿһ֣֮Ҽǿһ֣ϵ۵ĹҲһ֣ҵı׼Ĺбǿϵ׼ʱҾͱ޵ǿˡ29 ұ޵ǿǻϵ

ΨΪһĵʶԼϵǰʱһ޵ңϵǰ30

ˣᣭ˹ϵڸϵǰ˵ڽ̣;У˵УguiltʶԼޣʵ־ԵĿ꣬ȻĻôϵǰľѾŻ߲ѰߡԸڻΥľУsinϣϵǰʶʹ˵Ϊ31

֤֮˸˾ѵľзԣһָߵǰ£˹ﶨΪζţϵǰϵ۵ĸھвҪھҪ32


ǰѾ˹ᣭ˹Ľ·˳Ϊ˵ĹеĹϵᣭ˹Ÿ徫ľѣʶԽǿԽͻ˵ľԽǿңԽǿҡ33 Ǵ濴ܸԸDZǷʶܻ˴زʱǺһߵԣ߸ȷе˵ںһ߰ԽΪܵð򻳺ΥǸߵȻķӦʱھеĸѾ˵ʹʶԼѾһҲỳŶԴ˸ߵIJƽۻжٵʹ࣬Ҫִȥ˵ȻѾˣҲͲ

IJֻǾڰᣭ˹˾ôǿ״̬˲Լᱻ⣬˵ȥֱԸߣϸ˾֮Ķõһȫµң񣩡෴Լ״̬

ֻԼģֻԼ򽻵Լر֮УԼ˸һĽУͨľԼƵκι׷34

ᣭ˹ΪԽԽʶǿУǿ״̬һԡ״̬Ϊͬ״̬ӸIJϽʾﱾصðȫȻֳĿˡľððǿ35 ðΪ״̬Ա¶ȫǸԵģȥһð뵽һðDzܵġϣǵ˵״̬ ð֮Կܣڰᣭ˹ϵ֮ڵ޵ıɵġ޵ıʹǸ߳Ϊ˵ġʹϵԵϣҲûʹϵIJκһ㣬ǸӼеλϡλ˶˵ԶһԵParadoxλǰܵðǣʲôǸȥͬ˾ȻԳ񣬶ΪȨҵǻͬʱ̫ܵðҲǽǸǰܵǿҵðһ㿴ɸܵðԭ˵أһʹѵľܹ˵ߣǾͬʱһǰѾ漰ˡڶΪˣ˵һԵ

һظ漰ءڸ˵DZ֮ðͿ֮36 ⷴζţðʱ˵ҲﵽĽߡʵϣһھ崦еĸ˶ԣν˵ҪΪ֮ȺļֵԼֵġ˵ϰ׵ȣЩǸ֮Ȼձءڸ˳ΪѵľParadox֮ʣܵЩձءParadoxʱΪһøðͬʱҲѸ˾ĸ廯

ҲǿðǸԵġ˵һðԼðͬʱ״̬¶ô˵T˵Ľۡﲻ˳˼Ķ󣬶ʶԸԼʶ˵ǸǰԼ;Ѳ졣ʵð¶ľѾѵĵزѾһʮ·ڣ߻ɣţΥ߽ܣ߷գ߿šϣðܿԺ͵˵߾Եʸ񡹡37 ζڵ˵УеάȣinwardnessѴڿٽϡΪˣ˵ģԶκ֪ʶ;ҪΪʵڵѾάȣΪѵľһչǵ˵Ҫ־صǾȳϹעearnestness38 ȳϹע˸֮Ϊ֮˵˸Ա39 ֻȳ˸񣬲ʹ֮пκʱеȳϡҲˣȳϹעԼʱҲԼΪһ˵õʶʱ

˹ڵյʱ͡۵㡷У˹μҵʱָʱһ˼ܻȱٸԼʱصǺк͸ΡһеĸԴʱͻȺ壨a crowdеĻ˹۵ּҪָ˵мΡΪﵽĿģ˼ѧͬʱҲȺĻ˹Ⱥ岻˸еȷڣ40 ҪǣȺҪе˴IJȻ˹Լ˵Ǹ徫ʸȺ޲İȫоǡԸ˵޾ԣspiritlessnessΪġ

Ǿ˹һҪ⡣徫ѵIJأΪ˼ζųΪˣôȺд޾״̬ˣܷ˵ǾͲˣǴԶ״̬У˹ԼҲʶ⡣֮һ⣬ΪȷʵԶһʮĻشһ浱۲ͨ;ȥʱȷʵѸʶܹʼһάȾǣԼʶǣ˹ûֱӰͬʶǰʶʶн;ˣ˵Ļͽ⣬˵̫޾ˣ޷ϸϳ֮Ϊ41Ȼ⻰ȥȴǷʵϣ޾״̬˲ǰ˲ֻǶ䲻ʶѣⲻʶľԵ״̬ǡǡǾ޾Եľ42 ˵Ҳˣע⵽һ֤תۣ޾Ե״ֻ̬Ƕûʶζ䲻СҪȺۻȴԼҪɴ˰DZڵIJ;֮ʣеȱʧµֻǶ

ˣ˹յĿľҪȺĻѸ˴ȺзʶԼǸˣɴ˶Ϊһȫܹеεĵˡ˹ӵ˸࣬ڴԭʱӻѧϿ壨Pelagianism43 ڵġĸһУԭÿ˾ľµǰIJ;ѧϾɻʡ˹ԼҲʶ⣬ҲͼΪԼ绤ΣȻ뵥˾ѵĹ̹ȫġҲӳ˹˼УȻ˶Ӱĺۼ

עͣ

1. Bernard Ramm, Offense to Reason, San Francisco: Harper & Row, Publisher, 1985, p.7.

2. ¡޶ڵڽ̡룬ۺо1997꣬38ҳ

3. ͬϣ39ҳ

4. ڸѧԭ̩룬ӡݣ1995꣬ҳ143

5. SUD, p.89.IJμļ롣

6. SUD, p.95.

7. SUD, p.89.

8. SUD, p.90.

9. SUD, p.93.

10. SUD, p.91.

11. SUD, p.94.

12. CA, p.16.

13. SUD, p.119.

14. SUD, p.120.

15. CA, p. xiv.

16. SUD, p.121.

17. Papirer, III, A 233. Cf, Mark C. Taylor, Kierkegaard's Pseudonymous Authorship, p.271.

18. CA, p.93.

19. CA, pp.42-3.

20. CA, p.44.

21. CA, p.128.

22. SUD, p.82.

23. SUD, p.13.

24. SUD, p.17.

25. SUD, p.53.

26. SUD, p.56.

27. SUD, p.71.

28. SUD, p.75.

29. SUD, p.80.

30. SUD, p.80.

31. SUD, p.80.

32. SUD, p.77.

33. SUD, p.114.

34. SUD, p.109.

35. SUD, p.124.

36. PC, p.120.

37. SUD, p.122.

38. CA, p.46.

39. CA, p.149.

40. PV, p.106.

41. SUD, p.104.

42. SUD, p.44.

43. Louis Dupre, The Sickness unto Death: Critique of The Modern Age, International Kierkegaard Commentary: The Sickness unto Death, ed. by Robert L. Perkins, Mercer University Press, 1987, p.103.

1999-2002ꡡĻоȨ