ΩԸƽˮʹ罭ϣ

 

 

ʩ˹ʲôɽ
ʲôɽ1
а¡ʩ˹
һ

ɽĻ֮лĻĽijƷһĻˣa cultured human
being"Ļ"culturaζũϣԼ
䱾ԶƷʵ"Ļ"ԵءڽҪζŶı
ԶϺҪҪʦʦIJû
ũôסʦԼҲұѧַز޽ȥձҪһ
ЩΪѧʦЩѧʦЩΰ飬ߣΪ˱һ
ҪϵĺЩΰ顣Щʵ˷ëǡκοö
ǡҲκطһʱһλ˻žѾһ
ˡȻѧΪʵĿģ̶ΣԶӽЩʦӽЩ
ΰ飬ֻҪĶЩΰ顣ɽʵ̬жЩΰ
µĽ--жУоѧЩߣЩѧߡ
Ⲣһ£ǿһҸղᵽĽģʽĻһģʽҪһ
ע͡ѾԽڶЩע͵дС磬˵ΰӦñ"ʵ
̬"жʲô˼˿ֻһκ˶ȻѣΰҪ
ϲͬ飻ǵĹ״˴˵ķ硢Ǽķռ
ݡΣȻɽǵĹһһҪһѡ"
ɽĻ֮еĽ"ʲôĻУǻش˵ͳϵĻȻ
ĻֻĻ֮һԼ޶ĻУɽѵᱻָΪһ
壬岻ɽļݲ鿪Բ
ǵĽʽƺʺһˣ֪ʵϴڵIJֻijһ
ˣĻڵǸĻȻĻȫͬ
Ϊָsingulare tantumĻֻ˵ģĻڲǾ
ģѾΪԵġΪĻܱڸҲ⡣ֺԵĽǣ
ԵĻκȺдڵκΪģʽǾͲܲ˵ν
"Ļ""Ļ"Щ˵ΪطΥ仰˵κξԺ֮
˶ԳĻˣa cultured human being̽ıԵͳԺеIJ
ǷҲĻ⡣ǽ"Ļ"һڽ÷ԭһգ
ͺij˿˵Ի԰԰Щյʿɾƿ
Щдֵı԰еķֽɡȻóһֹ۵㣬ǾʶԼ֪
Ѿ·ˡ¿ʼʱ˵أɽܹζʲô
ɽijѧ2literateijдletter֮лͨдеĽ
ûбҪ˵ֽÿһλѡִ֪֮ศ3Ϊ
ҪDZ뷴˼ִƶȡʲôִ˵һศ
壺һл˶еԵ壬ңȻҪǻۣ
Ҳһл˸ڵԺǻ۵壬༴һл
ӵиˮƽԵᣬһᣨrational society֮
ζһչΪձƵĹơִƻûв֮ǰǷ
ܵʾѾˡۼλΰ֮һ˵ģ"һ񹹳
Ⱥ壬ȷͳԼһƵȴʺϡ"һᶨ΢
ѱ
һֿѧ--οѧǧĽ֮һ--˵ԭ
ɳΪΪʵڵ֮ж֮û⡣һּ
Ĺ۵㣬༴һרҵе۵㣬ֻһĻ룬Ψһõ
Ϊ֮˵Ϊִձ죬һִͳΣmass
ruleⲢʵΪʵϴڲܽͳΣͳھӢЩ۳ں
ԭϲкܺõĻϲˣƽ˵Ҫĵԣ
϶˵ѡĮ༴ƶĵϵΣִ
ȵε4Щ־ͻ֮ʲôҲȷǴͳΣ
ǴĻĻһֱûκʶ͵Ŭ˼Ϊ۵ƽӹ
ռݵĻʹǴĻҲҪΪ¹IJ֧֣ЩΪ
˵IJƷΪڸ質ĹĿҲʧȥһظ
µĻʹֻɱĴĻӲǣӳԶҲҪһЩ
ȫͬƷʣһһרעһԶһ䡣Ǻ׵˴ʱ˵
ɽζʲôɽǴĻĽⶾԵǴĻĸʴӰ죬
еֻ"ûоרҺûĸε"5ɽǴʹ
ΪԭϵƾӡɽĴнһֹƵıҪŬ
ɽŴЩж6ijԱǺ˵׿Խ
˿ܻ˵ɽķʽԵģΪؼٶƾǺõġѵ
ǾͲִܴصȥǾͲܻعȻع鵽ԭʼDz
ΪЩׯϵɭеķĹһɶѵӡˢƷеܼѹĺ˻Ϊ
ǽ첻ܻعȻ˵뷨壬Dzģѵһ
ΪĴֱ֮󣬾ͲᱻȥһδIJѵǶԺս˼оû
ԤӰ죿ȻĻĿ֮Ȼι۹⣩ʹֻع
ȻԸÿ⡣һδᣬ״̬ԭߣ༴
֮ӻѧµĹϰͳε᣻Ȼдļ̳߾Ͳֱ
ӵԭϵ޷֪ǵĸ游Ƿƫԭߵͼ
ǷýΪĸӻȥЩʥϢһδ᲻ǰһذ
"ü"ԭȥΪֻµдʹֱ˵Ϊܡ
ˣͼصδ״̬ìܵġDZһ̫ˣ
ֻܣѡ񣩺ЩΰһڴˣһôЩΰ
ѡȡһλΪǵİ乲ͨ7common senseΪǺЩΰ
֮Ǹн顣ոλ״Ӳд飬顣֤ո׵һɣ
̸ǵصӦἰ飬һڹŴĸ߹ĵ׿
Խ"˰Լϲһλõѡϵͨ
джµIJƸҵһչϣǿ
ʲôöǾʰһηʢջ˵Ļ"
λ۵"Щʱ˵ոܵףӣЩ
̸Ĺʡ"ȱݵģΪûиκйص
飬ոôԴеЩ޷жӵ½ڡһУ
֪ŷӵ˹һνص͸ոףⱾո
˵"ѾIJ׿Խ߹ģIJͬʵģΪ
Ȿһ˿϶ҪΪijרŵDZ8"
ΪĹʺͶ˵Ľɽɻһ׿Խ
ɡɽֵͨ·ͷʽϵ׿Խڴ޷ٸһ˼
ĺˡͼϵĽѧᷨѧǶǻۻԹ
ҪġߵĻȫ֪ʶ׷֪ʶ˵ǵԺҸ
ǻ۲ˣ˵ĵԺҸDzƵġˣѧңΪȫǻ۵ˣ
DZΪΨһĹΪӵܹﵽ죬ˮƽ
ϵˡDZóDzѧҵĽ--Ϊ޷ʽĽ
һܱԼһЩԳѧҵƭΪDzõһԹķ
˵бҪĹıͨ˵ѧϵġΪѧϵľѧң
ΪϵľһDzܳΪѧңǿȰѧǿŬ
ѧ˼ѧ˼ȺҪ;ΰѧ֮䣬ߣ
ձ͸˵ΰ֮Ľ̸жЩΰӦ
ΰ鲢ֻġӡȺйΰĽһֲҵıȣ
DzǵԣDzѧϰеԡ
ظһ飺ɽΰ֮Ľ̸ɡһɿ˷
ѣûǵİ̸ֽͲᷢ--DZʵһ̸ΰڶס
DZǵĶתΪһζԻʹ"粢"ؽһ"ۻ"дԻ¼
ʱΰҲڶסǿһͼĶԻͻᷢûһƪԻǷ
ˮƽ֮ģеİͼԻһϸߵ˺һϵ֮Сͼ
ȻΪһ޷дһƪˮƽ֮еĶԻȥijЩ
ΰ鶼顣ֱһ--˾޴ɽǻ
ġȻΰҪϱ˴֮໥ìܣǾʹǵĶ
þDzܶ˵κζʾšһ棬Dzܲע⵽
ʤֲþߡ
౻һĻþǸDz֪ιʾǵĹ۵Щΰ
Ĺ۵ߡԽ--ΪǵĹ۵ʱģǵʱΪΰ
ʱĺߣܱΪԽǵʱ⻹Ϊеÿһλ
ǶȶȷģƵȫ֪ȫʵʵ
Թ۵㣬ֻһȫʵʽԹ۵㣻ʽԹ۵һֶ죬κȫԹ۵
ضӽǶԵģеȫԹ۵㶼Ƕϲûһȫʵ9
ʵþڴˣǣDZȹȥʱǻ߸
ġ˵ĽɫdzΪרעѱߣdzΪָӻѱʨԱ
ǾηľһŬDzרעѱߣ
þߣȻʤһɫ˵־ԭʧȥ
ܹεȫȨĴͳɥʧ˸ȨϰףnomosΪǵʦԼ
ʦʦһȫԵĿԡÿһλԼѰҷ
ȻЩȱݵġ
֮⣬DzܴһлİοѧѾ֪
ϣ--ֻһڵϡֻоһĶܷ
ǵһ԰Զᣬ⣬noesis
noeseosԽ˴⡢˸߹һ־飬ʿ°֮
־ȫҪ컹˲죬dzªʹ
ʶҪ⣬DZеаij϶DZȻġʹϵ֮
ĺùľܷϵа񣬶Һܿʹĵаʶ
ϵͬʱҲʶ˵ϵĻԼơΪDZ
ĻȻģļ԰ΪྫķԴء
ɽΪΰǵIJϽһ˳modestyֻǫ
(humility)ʽ֮е顣ͬʱһ¸ҵðգҪȫʶߵĸ
磬ǵĵ˵ȫͬĸꡢ˼ۡ
Ҫ¸ңζžĽܵĹ۵㶼߰ͨ
İеһܳļɽǴӹеĽšϣ˶ӹ
һĴʣdz֮Ϊapeirokaliaȱľɽ
ľ֮С

200112ڱ

1ģWhat Is Liberal Educationа¡ʩ˹ļ壺Ŵִеĵ
һƪΪʩ˹˼סLiberal EducationһʻΪͨʶ
ʩ˹ǿеĻѸɺ׿Խĺ壬Ƕ֪ʶ
̻庬塣ע
2 literateһʿдġ˵ģѧһضĽִ-ŷ
ĽƣijƻдɻƣձԵģȻչ
ҡʩ˹ҲƵʹʡע
3һ۵Բμпάƶйڷ뵱ʱ˼ѧ״֮
ϵע
4 Լ̫5-13ǵϵΡʧζܽءԺã
棬˼̤ˡע
5 ˴ij˹Τ½ʱ徫񡷡ע
6 Լ̫11-15жģӦע
7 ˴Ϊʶʩ˹ʶһǿո
ĹͨСע
8 ԭΪdiverDZˮߡڡڰʱǡ۱Ҳ
ʣָDZߡһغףʱڵȴЩھ򲢱ˡ
ע
9 ָʽ͸塣ע