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תԳʥɽ֮˼

ƪ򯾴ڲֹһɣƪûиǹ򯾴ͼôġȷûǴջ򯾴ۡȻⲿȴǴ˰ͼ򯾴һҪ֡ǣͨоƪѧIJֵpart of the truthðͼĻ˵Dza partial truthDDҲȻDza partial untruthȻǿԿ϶ǣԶҲͼй򯾴˵ڡƪл˵Ǿɡƪָǵİhalf-truth֮󡣾ɡƪָǵİϰ͵İϰİǵϰܵɡƪֵİձܵİDzͨ׵ġΪDzͨ׵ģյġһյİijһͨ׵İҪִһյİDZijŬDZ˼ǣȥ˼õĽȴijյʱǿġͼְοȣܽΣ˼Ϳ˵ĻΣŽȻýķʽҪͼĵƷǸ֤յĽй򯾴ģҾա ƪ׺ո֮й򯾴ĶԻ򯾴壬嶼֤Dzǡġ˶ԻĽβ򯾴ȴDz֪ʲô򯾴ǣѵÿ˶֪ʲô򯾴򯾴ڰȵϰ׳ȵҲȷģ򯾴ٶΪһֵԡٶΪơ𣿰ȵϰ׳𣿡ƪûиǴ𰸡׼ȷ˵ҲӦǣڡƪе۲ûиǴ𰸡κһͼԻеֻۣǶԻһ֡ۡlogos߸˹һ֣һergonУΪжԻġɫڶԻĺܵġlogosԽڳĬжԽʾڱߡո׺֮ĶԻոױز򯾴֮󡣶ԻгŶһʵһжʾˣʹѰ˼ո򯾴ոװȵϰȥȵǡƪṩ˶򯾴س֣ȣй򯾴ʲôۣ[]ո֮򯾴⡣⿴ȫͬIJ档й򯾴ʲô⣬ѧġйոǷ򯾴⣬ԶѧȻijô˵ȷģҲDzҪ졣Ϊѧǣȷ򯾴Dzһֵԡǣܾ߱һеԵij̶ϣ߱һеԵѧҡˣѧ򯾴ģ򯾴һֵԡո׿ѧĴԣո򯾴򯾴һֵԡ򯾴򯾴ͲһֵԡˣͨشոǷ򯾴һԵ⣬Ǿܻش漰򯾴֮ʵѧ⡣ˣ漰ո֮򯾴ġƪǷѧʲô

ոױز򯾴ɲ򯾴Ǹռߣsoothsayer򯾴ⷽǸרңȴȷո׵ġ׵ո׵򯾴ײ֪ʲô򯾴ȻǼٶ򯾴ڰȵϰ׳ȵÿ˶ܿոǷ򯾴ոǷȵϰȥȵ󡣶ѧȱһؼʵȴǸü֤ˡ൹ǣƺ̫עǵΪǣһ˵Լ򯾴Ҳֵûɡˣǰ׵֤ų⣬Լܹ۲쵽ʲô

ǴոԼĿ˵ǰDZغΪʶʥҪġȻΪո̽йʥ֪ʶظΪոǸߣinnovatorDDҲ˵ߡظȻΪԼ֪ʵϣָո׶ʥȻ֪һָؼٶոνĻʵ֪DzģֲIJģйʥÿŵ乫աйʥȵϰ״ÿһˣȷˡո϶ʥȻ֪ƺʥ֪ʶƺΪ֪ģ̫ⷽѡ֪ģҲͲġո׶ʥ֪ͲŴͳȵϰ׸ͬˣйʥ˵Щ¿֪ʶʵϣδ죬Dzͬйκν۵κζԡ˵úй֮ȵļ޷ֱ׵Ķԡո֪˵֪֪ȵǷڡλᰴȵϰ׳ȵأո֪֪֪Ͳ򯾴ȻԼݵĶһ¡һ¾Ͳ򯾴ΪһǵôܳԿɵĶأո׵ϵһ¿ɲκζĿ־壬ڱ˿Dzһ£˵ھ»»Ǿ򻵶֮ˣͻᱻǻˣʲô¶ɵõˣһ۵㣨stigmaѧҷֲֻУո׿Ͳò˱һ£㲻ΪԼô˵ҲΪѧȻոϱһˣô֪򯾴أǿͨ۶֪ոװÿ¶ÿ˵Լ;±Ϊڰ֮ģphilanthropyÿһ̸ÿһ£ǵǮԸǮDDǮDDֻ˵ǵõӡŵԹ޵ģҪݣ˼ԣǾ˵Ǵʿȳص˵Dz򯾴˵Եİ֮ģָ˵ġܻꡱ

ˣѾ溬ϲո׹ʥ֪֮ۡһ롶ƪǾͻᷢոײǶⷽȫȻ֪ġڶԻӽʱ˵еһкöġڶԻʱָЩй֮º໥ս׹£Щġƺ֪壬һкöDDΨкöDDṩߣֲ໥սȷе˵֪ʶʹ򯾴Ϊܳй׹£ǺûǵĴ⣬ҲǺʫǵ롣ΪҪǣṩȳ֮Ҫصһۡйս׹һʵҲܽΪز򯾴ԼͰʾһ͡DzǼ˾˵ЩDzʵģDzڰ֮Ĺȣ ׵ĶԻУûIJָµijֲΣϲЩ¡˵ijᷳн¡⣬û׶Իûд׵ͼȥ෴ԻǿӸġҪͷ׿Զ˿ԡӦûɹ֮׹µĻո׸û¶һ㴫ȳĺۼ

й⣬Ҳµķڡڶո׳ƪ۵̳ѧǣȣո׶ԻĽɫڳڣһѡ塣ײһ͵ˡдո̵Ĵ󲿷ŵˡΣڡûȷبDDһڡƪƽжDDἰʵ йĴ˵ŵǰĹٷСֱԲʫ˨DDƽDDȵϰ׵ġ

ҵóһʱָۡصϣո׵ȷDz򯾴ġûڰ˹ȨDD¾ʹ˱Ϊ˵׵ĶԻǿӸո׵ġȷոײѰһԻƪԻͷᵽո׵İãԵġһʾˡ׵ƪCharmides͡˹ƪLysisĿͷDDոԼѰ˶Իĵص㡣ոײ׽̸̸Ϊò̸ΪΪġһԻǸĻͨжոչʾġһж֤ʵ׵֤ʡһ˵ո׵IJ򯾴дʣȻˡ

ʲô壿ףϸϽͬ˵ϣøáո׶׵мֳɹдȷʹױøèDDͨΪǻ۵չʾһʵǼ˴ġͨͼʹö׵ͨͨͼʹDZøãո¡Ϊÿǽȫ˶ϣԼͺˣ洦ˣǺͻˣкˣദһҪס񹷵ˣҲᱻҧˣһλΣյߴӺߵĸҲἤӵķŭͼʹDZøõոףҲǵԹޣ벻ҡôҪʹŵ˱øѵ𣿾һѣո׵ŬΪǣΪǴ洦ΪںǨDDܶô˨DD̸ʱҲѧϰҲоԡûоͼĶԻ;дɡ

ǻصҪ⣺ո׵IJ򯾴ոDz򯾴ģΪ֪Ϊ֪ȵϰױйȵ˵Ǵġһ֪ʶո׶ʥȻ֪Ŀȫݡ㹻֪ʶ֪й׹Dzȷģ֪ȵϰ׳ȵƣ˵ȵϰ׳ȵ򯾴Ҳʥﲢ߱㹻֪ʶܿ϶Ե֪򯾴ʲôͲ֪Ƿ򯾴ٶ˿ܲո׸ǻۣҲûܹ֪ոǷ򯾴Ļ˵IJӦ䲻򯾴ܳͷҸǸǵľܿǡƪԵѶϢܴӷɾ򯾴֮Ǿ̫ˡӰͼĹ۵㿴һѶϢΪһϵϣһʵֵϣ

תԡƪĸϸķȷƪڰͼȫԻеλáƪ̽򯾴ijضĵԡ͡˹ƪLachesֵ̽׵ƪֵ̽ǽƣԼֵ̽壩ͬһࡣ֪¨DDơ塢ԼǻۡûһԻר̽ǻ۵ģҵ˵ǡ̩˹ƪTheagesαΪ̩˹ƪ̽ǻ۵ģ෴һ̽򯾴İͼԻѵҪ򯾴ǻۣزµĶԻǡڡУͼ˵ǻ򯾴ġѧҵȻԣʱDDҲ˵ڡе۵߲DDոûᵽ򯾴ܻΪˣûһͼԻר̽ǻ۵ġȻǻijֿѧһԻֿ̽ѧģ̩̩ƪTheaetetusƪ̩̩͡ƪͬһ࣬ΪǶ̽ضĵԣҲΪͬһʱڵģζԻͬһʱ䣬ڱ֮о֮ǰǶոյ㡣ˣζԻո׶ȷᵽ丸ĸȷе˵丸׵ļպĸ׵ļգ߸ȷе˵丸ϵȵļպĸϵȵļաļϵȵļա˹Daedalusļкθϵȡ丸ϵĹϵԴʡȡ丸ϵ̬ȣԴʡ

ƪ̽򯾴˺ν򯾴⡣̩̩ƪֿ̽ѧ߳ѧһĸ߳⣺DZ뾡ܿǾܵͬassimilation to God ͬڱ򯾴бһׯؾеĶ䣨ƪҲڶԻм䣩й򯾴DzǵԵõ˿϶ĻشȻλȫûģԣǴǰᄈǵĻDzܽͨðͼκҪİͼʽ⡣ƪȫͼԻλҲˡ

ϵոױʿMeletusָΪ򯾴վոһߣʿףףȴظϵĸײ򯾴׵жʿжƽУ˿ظˡո׺ʿ֮ռһ뵱еλáһˣڰͼΨһй򯾴ĶԻΨһĶԻߵһˣ

׶ո׺кøУֺԿ䡣Ǹ޺ԿߡԿ޺֮ijϵʲôվոһߣոһֲ֪DDٵͷϵħǸְҵռߡǶͬڳˡǶиڳ˵ͬһڳ˵Ϊָڳ˵Ϊۡոͬһϵġ

ǸռߡԿʥи֪ʶΪ֪ʶܹԤ֪δӲʧ֡ȻȴЦǸӡDz¡ǾûΣġ֮ŲɣֳŪӰ첻ԵӶԺΪҲ֪ЩҲֻǻ۵УʥԵǷͬĿ̸ԼԼ֮仮һߡʮֿ϶ֻһʥרңˣ򯾴ġ֮ǣѰΪ򯾴Ŀԡ˼ӡ֪ʶIJԼӢǻۡȻ䣬ǻۡʱҲòʾǻۡDz֪ԸǻۣΪǻҲߡڶʥģˣһ֪ƺһгͻйԭйؼֵijͻƺûʶ󲿷ֳͻԶԭĹʶΪǰģ󲿷ֳͻһʵͬ˶ͬһΪõģϣÿһԼƺţָͨӦܳͷһԭΪԼ绤ģͨķʵʥ֪ʶ޶ڣûΣġһ֪ʶʹ˵ԥȥԥָĸĸֵܽáĺӡӡѲ򯾴ոֳĶգ߲ΪκָκˡڶԻһʼոͬһϡոʹע⵽һʵΪڳ˵ܵǵijŪոΪȴܵȺΪһĽͣոװʾ˵ǻõȫոױΪĴǻΣһϣƺո׺׵IJױո׿ڷ

Ծո׿ҫ¼DDظԼĸײ򯾴DDԼոָԴµǻĴƺʶո׸ǻۡǣոΪܹʹ򯾴ܹϣ׵ѧDDƶʥʲô֪һ׵룬Եֵʿ׻׺ǻ۵ıעһʵոף׾߳һֱֵڱһжûܹײκӡһжûܹףոײͬһϣո֮һƬ塣ֻеոָй׹ǷĴʶƬ塣Ϊ֮ţܺܲԸո׻һȥһ֪ո׺ԼͬһˡȻոרDDб˨DDǿɽģҲ˵Ըȡ׵ǻۡȻո׹׵ڴܹŹֵǣոҪûʲôֵôʥʵϺȤȤ򯾴Ķ壬йΪһ¡ոƺһ׿ôе֪ʶô˵һ

ܻ˾DDϾϣ˼IJþǰɵIJþǰӮDD׶һǰĵ߸ȴġ෴ո׶ϤDDµµµķʽDDȷոˣʱһˣոDzɽ̵ģԸȡ׵ǻۣûһǻۡһԱ֮ոǸԺոףԼǴìܵġȻ֪ìǼ飬Ȼ˱ʱҲìɣ׶˿еʵϣƺڴƵ֡ì֤ܽո˵ĻʶġܹһδԹʥ˿ҫ飬ܱأڴﲻɴʱDzҲòԼìԺ׼ܾոйʥܣȻոһҪôʾոףѰҲ׵ո׶ЩDD漰׼DD̸ۣȻ׽ʾոһ֪ԨڶԻٽǰոҪײҪǼģΪȷ׵ȷԻˣΪطˣطˣΪⳡԻѧˣոǸɾҩļһ׶ո׵ĶԻվոһⳡԻ˿ûиı䡣ķʽո˽⣬ոķʽ˽⡣ôЩǣijϣĺոͬһϵġΪᵽҲ൱ڱϵԡһո׵ǡոף׳ԽѰպ͵Եάȡǣ˵ո״Ѱպ͵תѧתijйʥα֪ʶô˵ijйʥα֪ʶ滻ѧȻʿո׶ʵȴռʿո׵мλáڱһмλá

ʿָոײųǰŵʿԼͬڳǰʿո״ǰķͥϡʿԼͬ˵ͳ۵㡣ʲôͳ۵㣬׵ıɵó塣֪ڲ֪ͬˡ򯾴Ŀ򯾴ģոĺν򯾴֮ĵһУһʽϲȫĴ𰸡˸ӣ¸塣ĵڶʽdzֵģ༴һҲˡǵڶǵ𰸣ûбʽϲȫĵһ𰸱򯾴ֻۡеһ׵Ȥζж丸׵ֱָӵϵֻеһ׵ΪԭЭ׵ˣǽʾΪе򯾴۵Ψһ𰸡ͼһʽϲȫĴб򯾴ۣνһʯȣͿ̻ѵ㡣Σǿˣ״û͸ͳ[ձ]֮۵ıȫ塣ֹ˶ʵʵۡһУͲܸ򯾴ĽҲ򯾴Ľ÷ԼȻһ༴ʽϲȫĴʾ򯾴۵ʽϳֵıָʲôأ

ǿ˵򯾴¡ҲԽ˹۵ͳĹ۵գߣ򯾴¡Ϊȵϰ׳ȵζŨDDϰ׿ΪƵĨDD¡ͨΪͨԴʣ򯾴ۡȵϰ෴ظĸײ򯾴Ȼ˵򯾴ڰȵϰ׳ȵΪ͵ھܾ۵㡣ΪĹ۵㣺򯾴¡׵򯾴˵ģhereticalߣһʱִʣӵģdeviationistһµ˼׿ͳĹ۵㣬򯾴ҪڨDD˵ԵĨDD׼񲢲׼ҪЧж£˾Ͳ׼ˡ񲢲򯾴ҪЧҲ򯾴ˡ׹۵һǡеı͸ǣΪϲ£ΪϲȫȻͬ򯾴ߡײԼ۵һ⡣ĵڶУ򯾴ͬΪϲĶոչʾˣζŵǣ򯾴ΪϲǸͬġȻոչʾһķʽҸոָͬῴոֱױʾ۵ֻǶ۵ıϼʵԶıȻ׼򯾴һ۵㡣֪ʲô£ǴǶУǹһͬĹ۵УΪй׹СЩ׹Ҳͬ˵˲Ӧ£Ӧȥ¡׵DzܳġȨӦûصͳ۵㡣 һܻصͳ۵һܽܽԹΪݵȻ˹£񡢹򯾴˵ʲôأУƲdz˵Ĵߣ˵͸йʲôЩ󡣵ǣ˵ǻ۵ˡǻߵ̽ǻ߸ЩһµˣЩµµˡΪDDǵǽΪ˵ĴߨDDͨʲô߷ͳεġΣǻߵȨDDй񣬻йΪϲ֪֮ʶΨһ򵼨DDһ㣺ӸߵĽǶȿ׵򯾴ǰİͼԽͳ򯾴۵Ŭ׵ȷռʿո׵мλáصʿDzܵġǾֻѡոǰС

·ķյ㣬װԼʹյָȻ׵Ĺ۵ȴͳ۵㣬֪һ㡣ĿҫȫȻ޸ݡ׳Խͳ۵㣬Ϊ˵۽ߵĶȻһ۲ȴûķݡʵֻǸţߡ˵Ϊϲ򯾴ʵ˼Ϊϲ߲򯾴ʱԼìˡҪһìܣǾͱɴΪϲ򯾴ͬһԡDZĹ۵㣺DzΪϲڳǰϳΪ򯾴ߡȷе˵DZijַʽΪ򯾴ߡʲôʽ˼£Ϊϲͬͬ෴¡ΪϲΪϲͬϲòͬ£ͬ໥磬ͬ໥򲻿ȡ΢ͬһ㡣˹¡ѡȡΪ俬ģҪѡ֪塣֪ʲô塣֪Ϊģ֮񡣵ij֪Ǿû˵Ϊʲôȥģ֮ģߡΪʲôģأûκȥģκģΪij±ȥ£˶Ϊ򯾴ߣֻ֤򯾴ǶġDZٿһ˵Ҫκǻй׹£ΪԼ˼Ǿͻᱻһۣһʵ϶ڸЩɴ˳Ǿжʿָء ʹ˷Χʿȷġո׵ȷųǰ񡣶ҲʿΪո飬ʹˡʵϣDz̸Ǿͱ˵ոҲ˵ʿ̸ո֮ʱشˡΪһģߵҲϵĶṩո׽ʿָر£ո״ϣpoiein,ơո׵ı绤ɳ¡ոǵһЩɱΪĶΪԭˡĹ۵Ǽ˷ʫ˵ģunpoeticʫ˵ζšָǸʫˡҪԭǾͱص˵ԭʮDZصԭĴߡһֹ۵̫ˣܱǻܸˡܱأǻصײ֪ȷ·һ㡣

¸߻¡ףͬͬġ෴ʱͲ֪ˡòѡ񣬲˲òѡƫõԭһԭ֤Ķǣѵûбİ취ڳͻѡ񣬶صصöҡ򯾴ĸȷСȵĹ۵㿴ƵͬȵģͬڹϵġõϵҪҳĸϵģDzزοֻĹļءǽ׵Ĺ¿ּأǻ֪ϵŵ˹Uranos˹游Ψһܵ򯾴ʽDD׵·Ψһ׵򯾴ʽDDŵ˹£˵Чŵ˹ŵ˹ʲôأ˺˵ĺǡˡϣе˵ܻˡҲ˵ǡǡǰܻˣոײŻ򯾴ġ߷˵򯾴ոѡΨһ򯾴ʽDDϵΪģDD˰ܻˡȻŵ˹Ǹ˸Ҳ졣Ҵ˵ĶԻ֪ԵͬЧ졣һ棬ظ곤ո׵ʿԼҪϸףЧ˹һDz򯾴ġ⣬ǻǰһᣬΪ˹𾴹ϵˣ𾴹ʿףDz𾴹ոףЧ˹ոƺ۴ĸ۵㿴򯾴ģ˼򵥵ͳ۵㡣

ǻ˵ЩЦЩȷչʾЩѣ֮һǣŵ˹˵ϵȴȷϵ顣ĸMother Earthͱŵ˹ϡո׺ܿܲͬ⣺˵ĵЧһŮһŮԵĴ߲ݵġԼļղŮ˵ļˣظǵ⣺Ƿܱѡ񣬻񣿻仰˵ΪʲôǵһԵģƪʾһѡ񡣻ߵĴ񣬻ߵĴǵһԵģǾ͵˶ΪʲôΪʲôҪ˵ףΪDz֪һû֪ʶDDߣ֪ʶ֪ʶǹڲߡڱȻԡԵıȻԡ֪ʶ֪ʶ֪֮ʶߣڵġڹ֪ʶûĵһԣͲ֪ʶˣǷĵһԣͷ֪ʶĿԡǵһԵĴߣҪĻԭͲʶknowing beingsǵжضäĿġǽ໥ǽ໥仰˵Ҫ񣬶κζ֮ΪƺΪûκɣûκڵɡҪĻ֪ʶ⣬û֪ʶİäĿһռϷ𣿲ԡƪΪһ⣬ƪԻеġϵۣδ֡ȻƪƺʾϵҲ뱻ΪȻֻһϵۣ˼򯾴ЧϵʱͲˡDZ֪ϵƵĻĻǻ۵ģϵҪı׼׼ϵۣϵۣϵƣΪϵı䣬ͲܹΪ׼ˡϵ۱뱻ΪӱȻԣһԵıȻԣƵġǷһ㣬Ǽٶϵ۸ԵıȻԣ򲢲ΪԵıȻԼϸ˵Ͳʶ[]ΪʶǶԵġɸııȻԵʶϵ۵жȫȻġԣûʲôDzܵġ˵Դ񣬵ȻDz֪ʶǻ

򯾴ǶģǶģΪʲôƺе˶򯾴DZҪҲDZҪأΪʲôҪй򯾴ĵУʾ˶Ĵ𰸡Ƕ壬򯾴񡣸ȷе˵򯾴ijַʽū·ӣȫȻӣΨӷԸǴӡ򯾴ijַ̡Դˣո׽¡򯾴̵ַļաļաźļա˵ضҪijͳεĻϵģarchitectonicաǣ򯾴ǰǣͳμյĴҵߡÿһּնijֶôͳμղʲôبDD༼ΪԼգministerial artsʱֻǻشöܾոԼ۵˽ͣöʲôʣöʹո׸е⣬ոڸᄈл˵ͨشͳμʲôһ⣬ǻִijֶ򯾴ǡ⡣ոٵӣĿضﵽʲôոý֮պũ֮Ϊ˵Լաͼ֮ͨպũ֮նõĺöʤͺճɡȻҪʤͺճɣн֮պũ֮ջΪЩղܱ֤ЩУҪֻǽý֮պũ֮գĽǺǻżȻԣchanceżȻDzΪջ֪ʶߣΪջ֪ʶԤߡ̫żȻˣڲżȻԡԵŬͼƲɿߣżȻԡȻ֪ܿżȻԡdzһɣҪԼ˵µġſɽ˿żȻԵ档·ΪdzΪĶҡӡ Ȼһļգһ༼ϵļգżȻԣҪȡΪ䲹䡣Ǿļաļչǹ߹Լƣ漰֪ʶ漰֪ʶΪѡˣļǷȻյҪǹΪһ֣򯾴ڵҲһбġ򯾴Ƕ壬Ƕ˵塣˵ơѾ֪һˡдʵ򯾴ĵλ˵塣򯾴ҪҪӶ˵IJ޶ȳȥ⡣˵֮صIJ㣬ڷԵУ߱㹻ԣsanction򯾴ṩģһԡҪһ򯾴ͱ塣ط˵ӷɡ򯾴һϵһ֣Ƿӷɵһ֡ȵϰסǣ򯾴ȫȡڣstands or falls byȵϰסһϣոͬͳĹ۵㣬׵ġͨظ丸򯾴̤ȵϰסոad hominemˣָûȨ̤ȵϰסǣ׵ԵڵһԱǸˣ㲻Ϊˡǿ˵ͳ۵㻹ո׶ǽȫģhave common senseDzȫlacks common senseҵ˼˵һۻͳ۵㻹ո׵ԭǿܵģԭȴDzܵġΪǾʵԽȵϰΪʥһDzܵġdzһɣͼż÷ȥͷ򯾴ıҪԡɣ̲סҪ԰ͼ֤Ϊȥͼ硣ͼѾչʾˣһǽȫ˨DD˻ոרDDУǸЦĽɫЦĽɫǸΣȱΪʲôأһϾͻصƪԻ

ƪƪdzìܵĶԻȷÿһƪͼԻˡƪеì֮ڴˡƪһͼԻijģ[ո׵]ԻȾ۵һ壬ѰĹ۵㣬һߵĹ۵㡣ƪĵһؼķȴĶ壬߽׵򯾴ۣ򯾴׼շ˵ͼԻǴӵ͵ߵƪijǴӸߵ͵½ǿֲͬķʽһìܡһ֣ױ뱻֮أصͳ۵㣬ϰסڶ֣ƪƪѰĶԻй򯾴ᶨıˣƪԻĽṹһɫAʾBͻڶԻٽʱո׽ױ͸˹Proteus͸˹ǸƻĺҪץסǷdzѵġɸ״ʨҰˮ֦ⷱï͸˹ΪױץסڸıУ͸˹Ϊ͸˹Dzģunerring֪һܡոҪץסף˭Ҫץס͸˹ģī˹MenelausЧ͸˹ոҲЧī˹ոī˹ոʲôī˹ͬĶī˹Ǻ׵ɷոƦXanthippeɷ߲˺ԶʲôıУʲôɣī˹Ҫץס͸˹ģµ4.351£ī˹Լ˵ڰӱߣһҪϣǰΪûļ񡣶ϣǼǵǵҪ󡱡 ī˹Ҫץס͸˹Ϊֻ͸˹ܸӦôſɰûϸ׵ļոҪץסףΪֻײܸӦôſɰûϸ׵ļЩȥ⡶쳶ƪո׶Կͬ˵һ仰ǻð˹˹Aesculapius[1]һֻءǸúúõλô˵ոʧˣī˹ɹˡɺԣոײû͸˹ո׸ʲôһԵ⣺ʲô򯾴

ͷҾ˵ƪǴһյİһյİ˵ǣ򯾴ǶģǶģ˶ˡΪʲô˵ǸΪ֪ڡȻŵ񣬶ǻ֪ģ֤ͨͨʲô֤˶˶󡣰ͼͨδʹùꡱʡ˾ɡƪݵѶϢİԡͨǿͶijĬͼһûλáͼܻܿͨθĿ֤һ

ͻðǵijЩ˵ĶDD֤еijЦԣ֤̽һߵĨDD˵䡣ǻ롶ƪĽβָѧɱϲߵǴͳĻеĶ԰ͼĽͣ˵ǽʾ˰ͼ˼ıԪأȴϲԪأij˵ɿ˵һֻ֮һ԰ͼִоԴڵ¹ûϲĹȡҪָΪʲô˵ϲԪڰͼҪģҸǶ仰ʶΨһһһԪصİͼߣ˹ĪʿǣΪҪ֤Цʱǿ޵ʱ䣬ǷǵľԼ޹ΣûзЦһΡҲᷢ˵ûЦûЦʵһ棬ȴ¹޵ʵڿ֮οĶԻ[Dialogue of Comfort against Tribulation]13ǽĪ˵ҮպͰͼ˵ոһȽϣǾͻᷢ֡ոЦΣǴûз¿޹һΡƫЦԿƺѧеСƫΪѧѧĿ˾ͲǶη壬Ǿ졣侫ϣη塢սΪijһЦҪȿ޸һЩʥȷѧȷȻǼҪΨһ⡣Ҫһ⣬DZȥѧʲôDzһʼ͸ʥ۾ȥǵǶͨͼ֤dz˱ǻκֵ𾴵Ŀġո׽߾ȫЩܹ˼˴˼ǵ˯лѡȨʹԼ˯Ǿ͸ûѧϰİ

The Rebirth of Classical Political Rationalism, Essays and Lectures by Leo Strauss, Selected and Introduction by Thomas L. Pangel, The University of Chicago Press1989, pp. 187-206.


1] ҽҩ񣬰޵Ķӣ֮ڤ˹Hadesɴ˹Թ˹Ҳİ˹˹˶ɲߣ׵ɱDDע