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ŦԼѧѧԺͼݸоԱͻѧԺƽڵʢ飬ԼΪǺһ飬ɵķܷĵ½ Freedom's LawThe Moral Reading of the American Constitutionдһ򣬲ĸҸԭǵIJ塣Ϊл

ߵֽRDworkin1931 ʮӰķѧ֮һȺνҮ³ѧţѧŦԼѧζѧ͹ѧҪСԴȨ1977꣩ԭ⡷1985꣩ɵ۹1986꣩Լɵķܷĵ½1996꣩ҹֽڴıǰ뱾롶ѧĿ⡷йٿȫġԴȨŴӥ룬1988꣩͡ɵ۹룬1996꣩

ֽġɵķġԴȨ͡ɵ۹飬ڻһµģ˵ǺĽһչ

ԴȨһĺƵ"Ȩ"right thesisʵ֤巨ѧ͹巨ѧرӢأHLAHart·ѧΪɹ򹹳ɣֽΪָ򣬶ָԭߣΪеĸȨУҪƽȨƽȵعػ

ġɵ۹һ"Խ"constructive interpretation""integrityΪĺģΪһֽ͵ĸһ㷨۾ǶԱ˾ʵһַͣɹۣҲֽͷɵķһǹ壬ΪõĽǷٷִֺеĹһᷴԵʵ֤巨ѧʵĽͣٿԲԭǣҲԵʵ巨ѧ�""۵㣬ΪһʦʵϽзɽ͵ķһ"εԭ"ܷĽṹʵ

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Ϊ"½"ǶܷĶáܷܴһּȲرģҲԵԭݵܷ2涨ͳ35ꡣܷ14"ƽȱ"ͰһԭΪ˵Ϊʲôijһİԭһ򲻰ͱȴʷϿ⣻ΣӦȷ½ܷܵ""Լ""ڡɵ۹һеһ˼롣

ڲܷĵ½ĺֽһǷѡ񣬼ǵ½DZܷͷ롣һ"ԭ"Originalismķ룬ܷıʹƶߣܷͨƶʹõжϷĵĺ塣һֽܷķ�"ǰ"majoritarian premiseǿγӦȡַʽҪľǴԴ־ֶһǰͬ뷴Ĺ۵˷һɡƽȺŵҪΡɸ

ڵ½ۣ"ȷʵʾ˶ܷһ⣬ṩԭĹ۵㣬Щ۵̳еģȻȷŵܷͳṩڹ͡"

ֽһṩ˵ɷѧ֮һҲԳƵ壨бڱ19͵壩ܷۡ

۴ѧѧԺº1997꡶йѧ3Ϸɽѧ̽һģϼؽӢϵɽѧķչҲ̸˵ֽ"Խ""Ϸѧ"ۣΪ"ֽȻѧߣŷѧԭĽṹ֮Сŵԭ̲ڡڡһṲͬ壨ҪָңʷĻͳϢƶȺͷʵ֮�"ǶԵֽ۵һֽϿ͹۵ۡ

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