ΩԸƽˮʹ罭ϣ
et revelabitur quasi aqua iudicium et iustitia quasi torrens fortis

 

̫-ʥԼ᣺ͬ

Ļѧ
ߣŷϰ

[Ҫ]:ĽΪ̫-ĵȽṩһЩȣڻµԼеõΣΪᣬ߿ˡԭĻнʹ˹ͬһģʽ·ġ̡ĸ̶йԭĻĴԵĹסģDavid NovakġԼȨ̫оһĹ۵㣬Լ֮ϵΪϵ۵Ĺ淶һµĶҪǵһֻӦΪڴʹNovakķȽ̫ԼԼʵֵĴԵתйԭ̻ͳо̵Ĵת䣬ִͳתĹ֮ͨڻҵ½̻ĴתִһЭͬġ

[abstract]:This paper offers foundations for comparing moral life in Judeo-Christian covenant community and Ru (Confucian) community. First, we consider how a heart made new in Christ finds expression in covenant community. Second, to understand Ru community, we explore Chinese primal culture with its concept of jiao" (instruction) that brings all into a shared pattern or way of living together. Third, we clarify the innovative contribution of Ru instruction to Chinese primal culture. Fourth, we draw from David Novaks Covenant Rights: A Study in Jewish Political Theory in which he considers covenant relations as those wherein action is to be a response to what others claim from us in accordance with Gods normative and just order. Using Novaks terms of analysis, we compare the innovative transformation of the Jewish covenant by the new covenant (new heart) in Christ with Ru innovative transformation of Chinese primal instructional governance. Finding considerable resonance between these two creative transformations of tradition, we consider how those in a new heart in Christ and those of Ru moral instruction could work together for balanced modern reform of communal life together.


ĽΪ̫-еṩһЩȽϵĻ ΪһȽڽʷѧߣר˼ѾʮˡʱУ̨塢½¼£ҲۡΪһѧ߿ʼ̫йءԼѧоԡԼΪģʽƶṩܷȤ⣬ҷ̫-̶Լ̵ijЩģʽ֮һЩȤĶӦƪľǶЩ֮ij졣
ķΪĸ֡һ˼ڻµԼеõЩһԼУԭеʽȻͬʱֵõ˴Եת䡣ڶ˼ᣬǿ조ԭĻС̡ĸ̡˹ͬһģʽ·֣Ҫ̶йԭʼĻĴԵĹסIJ֣Ҫ̫-Լ̴Եת˵й֮Ƚϡ


ͽϣҮջ֮븴֮ԼУһµ飬һڵظ˵飬ʹܹ˸õĹϵ֮СȻһµǡһ ÿʵĻͽ֪ڵʵе֮仹һ蹵ʲôʹһڻܹ˵ΪϵԳأͽΪʥĶͣڶԴ̬ϻһı䣬Ӷʹ뿪תЩڵˣҮÿˡˣʥĶǡǺúõӶڵתĻͳģʽʹ̲֮һ͵ģҲֻǷһĻ֮СʥԼ𲽵ءʱصĸĻĻԳġĹУʥԼеԴģʱʱġڵȫʱͬĻԻԿʼ˴ģԻܹ˴֮໥֧֡
´ͳ֮һǻ̵Լɾ̵̫ľԼʮҶ̫ѧŦ˻һͽڶսڼԼս֮ŬĽѧдаѻ̵ĸ̫ˣڶǧǰŦĶУǾԼijɾߡ ŦΪ̶̫ȳΪһĻͳʽӦüԴصġ ̵̫Ļ⣬̵̫ʷŬ졢һϵʷĦġɷЩڴбΪɵ--˭ж--Աܹʶ񣬴Ӷڴͻķʢ֮С
ȻڰѡɷתһDZѭԱԼõĹϵġʽĽ̫̻ڼǧһʢ˴˹ʢŦ鵽Ҳǧǰʹͽһڻ˵飬ͨˡܻͨʥĶͣǻȷ̵̫ġɷȷΪʹ˺ͽģʽһ뵽ԼУͨΪƶȱ ŦַʽҮճɾͶȡ(̫ 5:17)Ŵ̫ԼͳͼԼ²ҡ̫˵ľԼҲ˵ԼûбȡЩӵ˻ǵеõʵ֡
ŦĻ̫гɾ־ΪκĻŲгɾ־ṩͨˡﲢܵʾһ˾Ͱѻڵ֪ʽ֮(2Cor 3-5)ڵУڵλؽڵõǿ˸жذԼõ׸ҪּϣʹܹԼõһУҲ׸ˡҮվ(Phil 2:1)ΪͬЩӵлڵҮһͬ飬һװѻڵµģҲȻġԵġѡ֮СͨЩӵлǵѡ񣬵µԼᣬҲᡢƽгᣬ˼ʹϵ֮СڵԼУÿ˶뵽ĴԵȻ֮С֮ڻУÿ˵ΪҪ ңڻڵУǾΪһ壬ǻ(Mt 18:19)
γɾ;ɵأ򵥵˵Ҫͨ1̽Ѱĵ·Ŀģ2˳3ھӸԸİ4ͨܵʥͳ֤5ھͬ˻ڵеƷʣͨϸãͨͬһ飬ͨڵ飬ÿ˶һ»жʲôǾĻԴ֮ڻĶʲôڻĶͨÿһԵжϣǧḻĻͳģʽ֮Уʹ֮õԵתʵ֡

2йԭĽ̻
йĻĶһĸ̡Ӣľ"instruction" ̡ʲô˼أDzһ¡˵Ľ֡ͻ̡֣ᷢǡЧġٿֵ䡷˴ʷϵĸ÷Ƿ̡֣ǰָ͡롰گ桱Ŵ˵ʱڡگ桱͡DZӡʵС̡ЩͳߵگʾͳҪʵСˣ̡쵼߻ͳʹ˹һģʽĹߡ̻Ҫ̵ͨԵȥתӶȥ֯ϣ̻ǡĻ
̡롰ֶһƫԣױ޵󡣡Ҳƫԣ˼ǡñöųһӡͨͳξȰӸĸʦߵĽ йĻʱͬһֻԼȼϵشͨͬĽϳһйͬʽĴͥ۵˵쵼ְҪʹﶼһж˵족--Ȼ--ķ١й쵼еشΡ
ǼҪؿһܳڣ1046-249)͵쵼εд 顷롶ʫмɿдļһЩе֮ˣͨġЩ˵ʹܼԷӳӻķʽdzɹ֮ǵеܰϴʣ輧ͳȨͳ߱Ϊӡܳ
ȡս󳯵ͳȨ󳯵ǰ;ˣľڵʩǵͳȨǣǻ۶Ƶȴڿ֮СЩǻ۵Яף찧棬ӵƹǵĵطȥҲķİգտǣͳȨȳܼ塣Ըеعĵ°ɡ
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ΣĵҪij˽ڵһλ ܳĩ꣬ӡӡӡׯӣԼսʱڷٵǵѧͽ˸ַ޵¡޵¶һ˵DZģܰʵϡͻ޵µҪѧɡ
ơ衱Ŀӽ̵һ޵·ͨѧϰǰĽѵ£ЩѵǽνҾ֮СտӣҪ˼ѶĹػڵһλͻӽʡ¾51£˵Ī£Ī֮Ȼ̵·ͬڿӵѧϰ飬ҪתΪҲõУа谭
ԺһڽйķУĽ̵ǣԱ֮С ԡԡڤ뱻Ϊǡ򡱷ԵķһֶڷԵڤ룬һʹһ¡ЩУԽijַʽ棨Ϊ¡ġǷԣЩɶţһܹٽķ١
йĻγɵij̳ʱڣ쵼ΡȻܳͳεʱڣ쵼֮Ҳʼ¡˿ӵʱҲǹԪǰĩʷʾ׼еĵͼײ㣬ʿĽײ㣬ҲΪԼ츳ĵ£µĸΡ ܳڣҲսʱڣ֮սƵ쵼Ա֦֮Ȩʹҡʱڣ˵ʿײĸλʦʼΪṩµָǶΪԼͨijʽе֮ˡЩʦĿıȽ˽һЩЩֻҪλȨЩиĿĵӡīӵȣĵ·Ľ̵ܹʹ쵼Ƿһ쵼ϣôȻָܻһ쵼ص£ǾͻѽƹգȷﵽȻг١
սĩ꣬ӵ׷˶ڵıʹԼпܳΪʥˡڵҵĸɱҲʵϵָԭʹÿ˶ܹڴвԺ󣬷ͽҲȷţκ˶ǡӽɷоδʥߣܹ򡱵ġЩҪڽѧɵѧ˵Ϊÿ˶ܹΪʥˡߡߣ뾭õأԼֶεƣںǰܹӴЩѧ˵Ҫǹ塢ܹĽ׼Ȼ˺ĩ꣬ڽ𽥵زܹﵽ壬ҲܴﵽһЩӵص뽳ˡ--ʱڣ塢̵ġĻȲطչ
й೯ţ뵽һ֮ͥУҲͱøˡֽ̰ũҵ¡ҽգͬµĽ̶Ϊ衣УһҪˣЩͬĽ໥֮ϵΣѰҪĴʱĿʵ̫˻شΪ̺һһѧ׶ (1517-1598) ѡ̺һΪΪͬʱҲ̵ַ̡֮ġֵ֮֡͡İϵʹ֮г
Ϊ˸õй˹ڲͬѧ˵໥ϵĶһһö֦ÿ֦һ֦ϡնǴġͬͬҲǴһɽ쳤ģɽǵΨһĹͬĻй쵼ΰнͳһһ֦Ľ֮ɽֵģ֦ɵ֧ķʽ֦ǷģǶdzͬһɽɣԻг֮йĻ̻ǡĻй쵼ߵڹաá֦ġ֮ôաҪͨμε̻ĵԵ׶ʡӳе壬𼶵ش
й˴ﵽ֮ͳһ;ͬͼʽĴﵽ֮ͳһ;ͼġһıʣΪľСڰͼĶ֮ͳһУӸľС󡱳ıǡڡھ֮ϡġʱڸġ֮УǺԶҲܴﵽߵĵλΪİˣڰͼʽĶͳһУ֮ûһ̿ԿDZ̸߻ǵġ֡෴̶ڳ뱾ʶԣƽȵģʲǸĽ̵ı׼
عܳһֱ죬й˹ӦȫϵĶһֱǧϡε쵼ΰڴ쵼ΪʵĿƾݵö֦֮ʲôֱй쵼ٵ⡣ͬʷʱڶвͬĴ𰸣ҲвͬĽ̻εġ֦
й̻εдȻֻǼҪġǵĿǸҪԵ˽νġԭйʷѧҰ³߶˹Andrew Walls˵ԭǡԭʼ˼ǡʷƾáġġ ߶˹оκĻͳ֮жһԭһܳʱﴴԵ͸Ųÿ֮С߶˹Ľ·ҶĻŲоƥ䣬йԭġԡת䡣 Ҫתойԭ̻ιеĴ˵̡

3̵̻Ĵ¸
򵥵˵̿ԿǶй̻ԭһϵдԵǿһϵеĴǿչһ̡Ϊֳ̡Ϊ׽̡ Ǵйԭ̻ιļ֮һЩСҡīҡȡ
Ҫ塢īȽ̻εĽŴҵĽ̻֮һҪ֡ǻһ£йԭĽ̻ιһЩ֮Խġ򣨡족ĶΪ׼˸ʵ֮·쵼ְڷԽȻܹﵽݵķ١ŴйķңͷʹطȣһԭĽɡΪŴҵķΪƶģ볬ԽĶ޹ءҵͳҪΪͳߣΪ츣ڰաⲻǰ
̻зչ̵ЩǿЩ
1 ǵΪƶȶӳԽġΪƶȵġ񡱱Ƿϻ򡰷ӳģ
2 Խ򲻽ֻ򣬶Ҳǵµˣһ쵼ͳȨǻѪͳȨǻܹ֤ԼΪȻṩġ򣨹Ŵ;Ң˴Լܳڵľǵİ
2. Ȩĵľ̻ͨġԽϰգҴ󳼡ʦԼµ˶ΣܹӡӡԼ߶跨Ӱ쵼ǣ
3. ̻ĿIJҪڵĵ¸УҲҪڵΪǵһλΰڵĽʦ
ǰ㹹ˡܳڴġ̳;֮ԭĴԽ͡ĵǿӶܳ;ԭĴԽĶعס봫ܳͳҪ¡Ȼܳ;ԭĴԽھֵ֮ʱȷʵҲijЩµĶڵڵĵάȵġ̵Ľ̵
ҪһǣЩߣӣеߣðʧȥλΣ쵼ɡΪ߶Щ쵼߸شΡսĩڣӹһ⣬һ͸Ϊжȫط⣬С˼жĻһʥˡͬ ʥ˽ʦΪЩ쵼˵ġʡȷʵǽ̻εһҪƲһ̵ּĶر־ںΪԭ;ڶѧ֮һȷΪѧȫѵּڴѧΪΨһḶ̷ֲ́ڴӸߵ͡뵽طÿβ֮С
شĵ۹ν̻ƺ̵ijɹµĽȴܸӡһ棬쵼ѧ߹ԱҵԽ̻תǵĹߣγһͳһģʽͳһĻĴͥҲǺνĺ塣һ棬̱Ҳ⵽áЩͳ߲Ѱϣǵͳγ˷ҵͷֶԽһǿġ뼯ȨЩ쵼λõ˳ǶΡˣȻйĻΪΪɵĽ֮ѧΪйˣ쵼񣬶δ̵ܹĺô
йᴩΡҵԣ̵ĵʦ֮ҲкܴIJ ̵Ĵб仯벻֮ijЩƷԶ׼ġЩƷʰ 1)ΪĿҪ 2)ĵȴΪΪֹڴЩƶȣ3)ڷdzҪʱΪ棬һҪԸԼĵλ쵼Ὠ飬4)ԹŴΪĿǰ 5)Աءز֮
һܹʷȽϷѵĹ۲˵̵õIJƷŦٵĻڵҪɾ͵ЩϽѵûʲôIJͬ1)ָ־2)˳ĵĶ䣬3)ҪʱΪھԼ4)ȥڴıأڣ 5) ΪͬÿؼԼʥ̶ȡЩҵЩڻ֮Ʒʱֽ֮ijЩԡǼ̵һ⡣
1911⽨߽⣬Ѿ൱ƫ˽̻Ϊı֮ԭҵͳλ֮ĽܹϵҲսˡȡ֮ǡĻ˶ѧѡĵãĻ˶1949꽨й
ɵȥˣµڷŹԡǹϵIJƸ--Ľ̻εԭ--¹й֪ڵ޲ֵǮģǹеIJƱڵǿԴģҪDzƱû--ΪûвƱڵĹʲôأǸеڵIJƱȻڣǾ̻ͨδ뵽طܹٵԭĹȻڡһԭѾزͬڼǰˣ˵ǧǰޡھִĸֵ֮졣
ط˵ĸִ緶Χ˶ ˶ӱȽϵ۹⿴Ҫּ1)һ˵Ҫ񲻽ԼԼȺʢҪѷʢȫȻ2)һijַʽֱӵز뵽Խ֮УҲһܹΪָķٸϵĹף3)ķʢʵڵ£ij̶ֳʵϡ緶Χĸĸ˶ѾչһЩʱ(ж) ִĸ˶ֻԼȺ壬԰Ļֻˣֻı˰
йĻĻһ뵽ⳡĸ˶ѾþˣйԼķʽйԼص㡣ι⻦оԱǿûиĸκν̣ڽ̻Ļûδ ִĸʹ̻γµķƽˡι⻦ǿģֻһŸеµܹĸԼƶȡ

4ִĸе̫-Լ᣺̽
ô̫ѧŵ߿ˣDavid Novakдһ飬ΪԼȨ̫о ⱾһЩ̵̫ѧȥ¸˼ִνġȨִҪӽǣ1ߡΪһҪӦڸ˵ı׼Ա绤2ͬߡΪҪӦõõı׼ı绤 ŵ߿˼ֹ۵֮
߱˶רƵĿ־壻ͬ˶Ŀֻšߺ¹ͬߵûа취ֹеȨͳ߰ᡣͬߺߵ۸κĹͬ塣
巽ﵽԼ˸ȨҪڣڸԸͬġᡱҪ1ͬҪԼ2Լγ֮ͳƶиڸ˵ĶȨ ˸˵Ρ֮ԼܹΪijͬḳԱְҪڣ˴õġȨ̫ΪᡣԸΪʧȥе߿ƼʱˡļܹиƸ˵ڴͳУȨļֶ൱޵ġ
ˣ߿ƼִҪĹͬԸϵ֮ﵽƽȡΪҵֹ۵ĺϷҪֿ˷ԵĶӵġͼŵ߿̵̫ġԼĹԼʱŵ߿ϲû̫ͳ硰person community claims롰responsesƽе硰ˡᡱȨ롰Ρŵ߿˵ķǸĸﴫͳȡԴΪִãͳԴ
1 Ϊƪޣﲻϸŵ߿˶̫ԼķִӦáֻһŵ߿˹̫ԼĺĹ۵
2 Ļ֮д첢άĹû޵ġġ޵ġġ
3 Ȩ֮֮ġȨеȨΪ
4 Ȼij˻ijȨֻеij˻ijӦΣʱ塣ˣͰijЩӦȨ
5 ǰģ˶ĻӦ
6 ĻǶģȻ˵ġ
7 ˵ΪΪǸΪǶϵȨĻӦͨӦȨͬάϵ塣ǽdzɾڴĿģߵĿľԼĹϵ
8 죬˶ҲȨΪȨĻӦ˿ԴҪӦһУʳ·ݡƽƲԼȻĺгҲͨԼжΪάĹͬҪռ䡣ҲԴҪǵΪУ֪ԼǡܻӦģܻӦ˶ǵȨġ
9 ˵Ȩ˶Ȩ˻ġԼĹϵʶġµġѡĹϵԼĹϵʶģǻĻĸһԵԣĻ˵ԾڵԡˣijҪڴĹгΪĹʵԼĹϵǵµģΪΪΪ˶ǵȨĻӦǷĹġԼĹϵѡġάԼͨѡͬһ뵽Լǻڴ־ѡġ
10 ֮Ϊ֮ΪҲǡ˶ǵȨĻӦζÿ˶ֱܹϵֹϵÿһ֮ϵĻκᶼǿġ
11 ԼĹϵDZ˴֮ԼĹϵУ֮ȨǴеĹ淶֮µġҲ˵ǽڱ֮ϵġ
12 Ϊе淶ǣ1ʩˣ2Ҫ缺ÿ淶һ˵ȨӦ˵Ρ淶ж֮໥ã֮ң㡱¡֮ǵȨǰѡ˵İÿˣԼҪⰮ--Ҫ©һˡѾ˻ӦȨ
ԼĹϵ֮еڣ1Ӧ˶ǵҪ2ҪӦҪĶԼĹϵУΪӦ˶ǵȨԷĹ淶빫ŵ߿˴ҵִĸҪ֮֮ͬصȨ֮ıƽ⡣ԼĹϵĻǣ첢Ĺġ淶ȤǣĶ൱ؽӽйͳĶԡ족򡰵Ķ족򡰵Ҳ֮еĹ淶
ԼĹϵУŵ߿ע⵽˴ӼҵԼᵽ֮ ҲӦйڼͥȼƹᴩвֱε߲ĶһҾ൱ȫйͬʣ쵼ĸĸסĹϵڱԵйסֹϵҲΪסססйá˵morality ethicsйͳĶУĵǻġססĹϵ죬ɸε쵼գһ׽̻Σǰйԭ
׳ϵǣ1)ϵ2)ӹϵ 3)򸾹ϵ 4)ֵܹϵ 5)ѹϵֹϵжгס¡֮˳򡣡סҲָ򡱻˳򡱡׳ϵУλҪλߣλҪءҳλߡλ߶λߵľҳܳΪТŵ߿˵ĻԼĹϵǾͿ˵λ߿ԴӸλҪϣλ߶Եλ߸иϵΡйͳĶУ߶ڳߵĸҪԼ߻ӦҪṩĹ淶
̶ԭĽ̻׳ϵĴԸĸˣλܹΪλṩңλҲܹΪλṩijЩ֧ܹ֡ṩµĽȫԼ飬֧־ͳΡ󳼸Щֲ֧ζž֮׳ϵĸı䣬DZκ׳ϵеιϵ˫ġ̶֮ԭĴ֮ڹ׳ϵϵ˫ԡ
ﵽ˫Ե;λ߶ҪԼĵƷʡ֪ʶԷλߡһ̵Ʒʣ1)ΪĿҪ 2)ĵȴΪΪֹڴЩƶȣ3)ڷdzҪʱΪ棬һҪԸԼĵλ쵼Ὠ飬4)ԹŴΪĿǰ 5)Աءز̹֮ڳĽ̵Ҳ쵽Ӹ޸򣬵ܸ֣ѡ
Ѿŵ߿˶ԼĹϵķ˼һ̵ƶйͳ׳ϵšԼĹϵķǰΪЩ׳ϵذȨε˫ϵʵң̵ͨĵͳĹϵҲϵʶġµġѡķ仯ҲԼϵơˣйԭ̻ιеĴǿҲ֮֮ͬĿɹƽ⡣
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