ΩԸƽˮʹ罭ϣ
et revelabitur quasi aqua iudicium et iustitia quasi torrens fortis

 

ͽʥ

I. ˶ʷ
II.ʥ
III. ʥIJ
IV.Ӱ
V. ߵ
VI. ͽ׷ʥķʡ
Bibliography οĿ

I. ˶ʷ
˶ԴʮʮӢ̻ᡣȻӢ̻һͥӢΪ̻֮ףֻΪ˳Ӧĸ˶ijϣڽĸֱɳŮʱڣһˣ̻ڲԸܲһġףӢḺͲԱίԱṫ˵һεһٶйؽеİԽопְ⣬Լ<·>Ҳָ̻кܶαƵˣǡ˵񣬵ȴƹȥ̰ġĽֳۻԡ⣬Ҳкܶڽͼˣǡ Ƶ廨ţӦоУǿȨȥȡƭ֮ķԮٳڽ̵ȳɼʱӢ̻ĵ±׼ƫ
νͽ˵ʱ̻һͽеҪһĸĸP̻һвʥʩǽҪϴʥΪ׼򣬶Խ̻νͳƶΪͽӦȨرǿ̻Ǿ߱ʥʾڽ̺ʥޱӵ̻ᡣԣ˶ıּڽѾؽ̻ɼͽϣ½̻ʥ
⣬˶ּھ̻ᣬԸ͸̻ĵףΣʹ˫ԵõʵϺ;ϵĸ
ʱܶͽ͵Ʒھ̻⡣Ϳ˹ŵ<ͽ>˻ͽڸϵΡһһ<µʦ>(1656)ԽĸܣγͽЩܵеʦǸضԽԱȰ㡣֮ʹӢд鼢Լɥʧ꣬еشְݣԼĻأӢ̻һ󱯾硣ȰҪʹܡʥࡢ͹ǵɡȫͶݡJohn OwenۼͽOliver Cromewll ӢͳµķҶдһЩ硰OF the Mortification of Sin in Believers(1656), Of Temptation(1658)The Nature, Power, Deceit, and Prevalency of Indwelling Sin(1667)ҪͽʥҪCharles II λǿӲֶѹͽԼ<·>1678걻дɵġͽڰܻ׺ͽֻ̻ĵγȱԼȥ
ҪоЩӦ̻ḯܶдɵƷ̽ͽʥ˼Ϊͽ׷ʥһЩʡͷǻָ̽ʥʲ - ׼ںٽһ˽Dzʥķο׵İܻӰطӲͽ

II. ʥ
Ҫ˽ͽʥ壬Ҫ˽⵱ʱ̻ڵΪҪǫڽαߺЩֻΪͽĴʥںڱֱǿһ桢Ķ⹤һҪĻеҪ㣺
A. ĵĸ£
<·>еġͽʱ̻кֻܶὲܶˣȴûڽ-ǼûҲûлıʾͽʮǿʥͽĸµĹJohn Owenָ:
Sanctification is and immediate work of the spirit of God on the souls of believers, purifying and cleansing of their natures from the pollution and uncleanness of sin, renewing in them the image of God, and thereby enabling them from a spiritual and habitual principle of grace, to yield obedience unto God......Or more briefly; it is the universal renovation of our natures by the Holy Spirit into the image of God, through Jesus Christ......our holiness, which is the fruit and effect of this work
ɼʥĹһڻĿ͹ȷʹͽ˳ӵеk񡣶۷棬ͽԼҲܾʥĹԼϸµĵľ:
ʥлģʹ֪Լ......ͻĿɳܡУҵ˻ľз׽ɣ׷缢......Ҳϲʥ¡
ԼָʥлͽԼ֪ģȻʱš
B. ԺĻ:
ڼ֤棬α߸ϰˡһлᣬƭø˵ıˡˣԼָͽڵֱʥһ£
ڼңΪʥġʹĶģڼͥᣬȥʥΪ
һµ׼򲢷ΪãʥΪ׼
ϵ˵ǾͰԼ˼뷽ΪϪĵ......Ļǵ˼룬ҲܾǵΪǵΪһ£Ҷϵ۵ĵһƬĩǾͿһˡ
The word changed into grace in our hearts......the spirit worketh nothing in us, but what the word first requireth of us......growth is nothing but increase in conformity to the word
ɴ˿ɼͽʥⲻϱʥı䣬Ļһ¡
C. ijȫ
⣬ʱ̻С·͵ģȻ˽ѣҲȻãͷ֪þ֮ Щ˵Ĵڿ˵Ϊȥȡµ˼룺ɷĶңұóΪ壬̡ ˣͽʥǿĶͽʥĹ򣬶ͽ׷ʥȻȡ磺
ǻеģһɷ......רĹͣһ覵·ϡ......һ˿Ĺ͵óΪ壬ضϲ......˳ӵkĵ......
׷ʥȡǿ˵Ŭά֣˵Ķ
Walter Marshall stated that, Think not that you can incline your heart to the immediate practice of holiness, by any such practical prinicples, as do only serve to vond......but rather let such principles stir you up to go to Christ first by faith
John Preston һĶеʥж֮˵ΪӦУ
To do a thing out of faith is nothing else but when out of persuasion of Gods love to one, I do this thing, merely for His sake.
ԣOwenֻʥ࣬Ǹʥࣺ
Whilst I know Christs righteousness, I shall the less care to know my own holiness. To be holy is necessary, to know it , sometimes a templation.
D. С᣺
ϿɼͽΪ˾ʱ̻ڵĸܣǶʥͺӦͽʥ˵þȺıضȻı֣ڶĻĻĹǿ˵ŬɼParker ʮָͬʥıҪԣҲԼʥĽ̵ǰ1:15ָͽһеҲҪʥࡹǰ4:3ǿּҪdzΪʥࡹ
⣬Hawkes Ҳͬͽʥ˻Ķɵģǿ˵Ϊ ͽϸµ˵˳ijȫλϣǸ2:12-13е˼ - ̸гɾУһǻ̽ͽο־սز⹦Ρ

III. ʥIJ
I. ˶ʷУ̸̻ĸܣ£ǿĶȫͽʥ⣬ͽ׷ʥҲͽʮֹעġParker Owen ƷʱָHoliness is both Gods promised gift and mans prescribed duty: neither can we perform our duty herein withour the grace of God; nor doth God give us this grace unto any other end but that we may rightly perform our duty. ......Sanctification has a double aspect. Its positive side is vivification, the growing and maturing of the new man; its negative side is mortification, the weakening and killing of the old man, the new powers and inclinations which regeneration implanted within us.£ҽ׷ʥͿȥ̽ͽνʥIJʵС
A. ׷ʥࣺ
1) ÿIJ
ͽʥ׷ҪϵϰʹΪһȻϰߡ Owen ԣ
Frequency of acts doth naturally increase and strengthen the habits whence they preceed. And in spiritual habits, it is so, moreover, by Gods appointment......They grow and thrive in and by their exercise
ϰҪÿжȥѧϰģ
the actual aid, assistance and internal operation of the Spirit of God is necessary unto the producing of every holy act of our mind, wills and affection, in every duty whatsoever
2) ĬIJ
Owen һָֽϰ͸ĬIJעĿƺҵ
Meditate on the excellence of Gods majesty and your own infinite, inconceivable distance from Him. This will prompt you to recognize your evil heart, a recognition which strikes at the root of any indwelling sin within you.
Meditate much on your unacquaintedness with God. Little as you may know of Him, it is more than enough to keep you low and humbled.......God, by our Infirmity and weakness, keeps us in continual dependence upon Him for teachings and revelation of Himself from His Word. ......Let us, then, discerning once more the awful distance between the inconceivably great God and our own smallness, fill our soul with a holy and awesome fear of Him.
ĬIJǰԱľηˣηһ־򣬽֪ܸĹ
3) η
ʱͽҪܺͱܳηģΪʥ̬ˣԼǵĴ󣬶ԡη塹µĽͣ
ηʹһ˵ģĵ......Сıت壬ߣ಻ߣȴϡʹʥ£ʹ˻ٰʹʥ骱ǣгƽ
Owenһָηʹͽȥʥ
And we have a due regard unto the promise when we(1)we walk in a constant sense of our inability tocomply with the command......from any power in ourselves,(2) When we adore that grace which hath provided help and relief for us,(3) When we act faith in prayer and expectation on the promise for supplies of grace enabling us to holy obedience.
B.
һ棬ͽӢͳʱڵķҺͺ˭ʹOwen зʡͽĵ֮ӰParker ڽOwen Ʒָ,
The reality of indwelling sin in Christians had no doubt come to Owen with overwhelming conviction during the last years of the Gommonwealth government. He resisted Cromwells personal ambitions to be crowned king and faced dissersions and strike among his compatrilts. Later he lived to see his and others dreams for a commonwealth of godliness collapse. All the political aspirations Owen had for his nation burst like soap bubbles. He saw clearly that the reality behind it all was indwelling sin in Chriistians.
ʱڵͽƷ֪ζԸOwen ̵ͽζԸڲصӦʱ⡣
1) Ķ壺
Owen ʮϸָ Mortification()ǣ
First, it is the weakening of sins indwelling disposition. Pride is weakened by the implanting and growth of humility, passion is neutralized by patience, uncleanness is washed away by purity of mind and conscience, and love of this world is checked by heavenly mindedness. These graces come from the Holy Spirit. Second, it is the alacrity, vigor, and cheerfulness of the Spirit or new man contending against lust. Mortification succeeds in varying degrees and may completely triumph if the sin in question is not lodged too deeply within the natural temperament.
Ͽɼ Mortification ˽Ḷ́СƵĽࡣ Mortification ǿɵġ
2) ı룺
Owen Ϊ, we find the foundation of Christian discipline expressed by Rom.8:13,...... to kill the indwelling sin, the corrupted flesh or lust thought with the help of Holy Spirit in order to have the joy, comfort and vigor of the life in Christ. ͽĻҲͽɳıؾ֮·
Լָ,ҪǹܺԼģеΪһƭ˵Ķ
3) ÿIJ
ʥһҲһÿIJOwen Ϊ, to leave sin above is to let it bring forth great, cursed, scandalous, soul-destroying sins......Unless we mortify sins daily and constantly, if will get the better of us and destroy us as believers......To neglect this help from God is to allow the heart to become hardened by sin(Heb.3:13), and to weaken the whole Christian life(see Psalm 31:10; 38:5,8; 40:12; 51:8).
Ϳ˹1656дġ۸µʦһָ,Ҫֹ......ʡԼģѹƸܺͿ񣬵ƀعΡ
4) IJ
Owen ʮϸ̣ص㣻
a. Consider whether the sin exhibits particularly dangerous symptoms:
First, look for a sense of inevitability about the sin......Second, scrutinize pleas you make to excuse and tolerate a sin within you......Third, note the frequency with which sin eludes mortification......Fourth, determine if you argue against sin only because you fear punishment......Fifth, watch lest Gods chastening punishment hardens your heart......Sixth, take heed lest sin turns your heart from God......If so, only way to get out is by prayer and fasting.
b. Maintain a clear and abiding sense of guilt, anger and evil of sin.
c. Let the guilty weight of sin burden your conscience.
Load your conscience with these and repent before God. For unless the conscience is unable to alleviate its guilt of sin, the soul will never seriously attempt mortification.
d. Seek with a constant longing to be delivered from the power of sin.
e. Consider if the evil perplexing you is rooted in your nature, and nurtured and exaggerated by your temperament.
ϵIJָ߶ľԣֱ㳹׽Щǿ˵Ϊȫʮܵľ꣬Owen ԣ
Let faith look on Christ in the gospel as he is set forth dying and crucified for us. Look on Him under the weight of our sins, praying, bleeding, dying : bring Him in that condition into the heart by faith; apply His blood so shed to thy corruptions; do this daily
C. С᣺
̸IJ˾ͽ˿ߣʮǿÿIJͿ˼ĹΡָʥ̵硸Ἲ챳ʮܸ(·9:23)ʥĶС(8:13)͡־սɵþȵĹ......еĶ......(2:12)ȡ
Hawkes ⷽʮ־ȷķ Christian, in his reflection(self-inspection of ones desires in the context of the Scripture), turning to endeavor( only in endeavor that one discover his own weakness, his total need of the power of Christ), and from endeavor back to a scriptural evaluation(seeing in oneself the special, peculiar, and distinguishing graces of Christ). According to the Puritans model, the normal helical growth of the Christian life will avoid the errors of subjectivism, self-dependency and trusting in works, but realized the fact that the growth is in faith in Christ. ˣͽڲʡԻԼľꡢ㼰
IV.Ӱ죺
ͽĵIJ⣬ϵϴմȾͽŵ˹Ŀ̾ǿԶڦǵӳ֮ǰٻ......רƱݲУ......еΪеıȪˣOwen Ҳⷽѣ
The world is a present in a mighty hurry, and being in many places cut off from all foundations of steadfastness, it make the minds of men giddy with its revolutions, or disorderly in the expectations of them......hence men walk and talk as if the world were all, when comparatively it is nothing. and when men come with their warmed affections, reeking with thoughts of these things, unto the performance of or attendance unto any spiritual duty, it is very difficult for them, if not impossible, to stir up any grace unto a due and vigorous exercise.
Ͽɼ׵˼ʥƽ棬ͽҪؿ׵մȾʥࡣ⣬ͽҪʥᡢɷףơ
С᣺ͽҪʥĸȻʥĽ̵ĸķԸĴܺͼ֤˵ĵ֪Ȼܸ᣻ʹֻǴˣKarlbergָ
Efforts to build a Christian society, one in which godly piety and faith were its hallmarks, inevitably paved the way for a form of moralism......More seriously, the rise of moralism in Puritan theology jeopardized the purity of the gospel.
VI. ͽ׷ʥķʡ
A. ʥȷ
ڵʱӢĸͽྻ̻ᡣᣬˮƽԻܻ̻಻ϱͬԭͽֿʥ֮⡣ͽԼǷʥ࣬ǴΪֻһܸߺҡɼı׼ͽʥ˵þȺıضȻı֣ڶĻĻһλԳΪͽˣȴԻУ統ʱӢ̻кܶαͽһ㣬ڸĵΪɵġˣ̻Ӧؽ̵-ʥ˱ѡԵġ⣬Ҫͽʥĵĸ¹һµлĻõļ֤
B. ׷ʥȫ
һЩɽ̻ͽԣʥIJƫɷͿ˵ŬرἰҪ׷˼ҵȲʱĹ˵ľʵƽ⡣嵱ʱӢĽ̻̫ࡸΪˣͽ˼Ķͽʥ׷ָͽڽ׷ͲʡԼ񣬴ӶһϽѧϰԽҿԼƣֻһķϡ
ǣͽȱֲᣬʮңͶ಻顣෴أ統ʱӢͽһ㣬ܶྴͽܺͱܳǷݡ֪̬İȫСҪЧ׷ķ⡸±롹
C. ԸĴܸĸ᣺
ĵ¼ΪܻͽϣµĽ֡ûбº͸ı䣬ǸûƵԪۼйˮƽԻܻΨһij·ϵĸͻЭͽ¸ҵش︣Эʥ֤ĴܣǽͽʹеӭӾߺ͹Ԫ2000ҪIJʲķͲԣͽʥʵ
D. ̻εҪ
۵Ľ̻ձعǿİݣ˳εҪԡͽ˼Ƿʡ̻᲻ʩгΣ͵ͽжڸģȨСԶȼյŭСİ÷ԼĿɶԣӶзĵĻڸġ⣬̻ijн壬ͽԣӶͽʥӣԼǿ̻֤ˣͿ˹ڡ۸µʦһбǷݡ֮֮СǿУΪߵģ
Bibliography οĿ
Ӣ :
1. Hawkes,R.M. The Logic of Assurance in English Puritan Theology. WTJ52(1990), 247-261.
2. Houston, James M. Sin and Temptation: The Chanllenge to Personal Godliness. Portland: Multnomah Press, 1983.
3. Karlberg, Mark W. Moses and Christ - The Place of Law in Seventeenth- Century Puritanism, TrinJ 12 Ns(1989), 11-32.
4. Marshall, Walter. The Gospel Mystery of Santification. London: Oliphants, 1954.
5. Owen,John. Works. London: Banner of Truth, 1966.
6. Parker, J.I.. Among Gods Giants. Eastbourne: Kingsway Pub., 1993.
7. Prestion, John. Of Effectual Faith, in The Breast Plate of Faith and Love. London,1634.

:
1. Լ·̡ճ磬1986
2. յѷࡣеڽ̸ĸ˼棺ѧ1962