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DZ һֽ

ŵ
2004-12-10 20:49:00

ڸһͬѧ˼ƷʱͻȻһ⣺ȻDZԼΪƶȣΪʲôDZ򡱲ԻΪʲôDZһʱںʤ˼һ͡λС

һ
˼ڡDZ----йʷеʵϷһˡDZһ˼壬DZȷʾġԹӦȻDZΪʵձϲصƶȣΪʲôDZ򡱲ԻȻDZΪձأôԹ򡱵Ĵʲô壿
ƶȣŵ˹DzĵĹڹƶȵϾйģõʣҳΪƶȵĹߡ˼ƶȵķ಻ͬŵ˹ƶΪʽƶȺͷʽƶȡǣԿ϶ǣ˼ġDZŵ˹ķʽƶȲһ¡ŵ˹ʽƶǶʽƶȵIJ䣬ʽƶһ𣬹ԼΪĹϵ˼DZõƶȣȷʾƶȽӣǵΪԼáŵ˹Ķ壬DZȻΪеĹϵǣŵ˹۲ܽΪʲôʵġDZ֮⣬һȫõĹٷƶȣԹ򡱣Ϊʲôܺ϶ΪһDZ򡱵ijֲܹϢԳƣΪDZ򡱵ij۶ڹŽײ㻹ǶͨգҶһԤڣһƭһΪʲôDZ롰Թͬʱڡ
ľ塣ľ彫ƶȶΪľ⣬DzνеĹshared beliefһάϵͳľһΪ⡰DZ򡱵ijṩ˷ߡʼǵ.˹ܵĹŵ侭ѧһֱǿֹƸãִ¹ŵ侭ѧǿгԴõãߵĹͬǣǿĺƶᷢչǣгɱģ峣˵ֺijɱǽ׳ɱ׳ɱСһķ̶ֹȺг׵Ⱥ͹ȡƶȾѧǣЧʵƶڽͽ׳ɱӶڴٽֹгס˼ǶǣõġԹ򡱲ãõġDZȴƻʮ㡣ȻԹֻΪһʶ̬ڣǵԼ΢Ĵڼֵڣš----׳ɱ----ľ⡱һ߼ṹ̽DZ򡱵γɼã˵Թ򡱵ļֵڡ

ľƶȱǨ
˹˵Ǵµκλйءӳ˻ķʽ֣һԺķʽòƸֹͨϣ˽һǷǺķʽòƸƭӶᣬӱȡϡԣÿ˶ʵͨƽֹڣ˵ǼԵı֡ǣ׷Ե˵ŵѡ񣬷Ǻķʽܸ棬ԲԶʵ֣ͽľָ뼯Եìܡ
ٶABɣABԺҲԲҪоǣʲô£AB֮кʲô£AB߲Ϊһֲľ⣬ͻǿ˵ľ壬ֱǿƶȡABǷȡڲĵ֧ϡݲ֧Ľṹּͬ۲ͬƶȵγɼǨ

1͵ġͽ⼰
A

B 5,5 -3,7
7,-3 0,0

A Bÿ˵ľΪ5Ά10ÿ˵ɱࣩ5˵ܳɱ1020һһ˲ӶᣩڷǺʣߵЧʽϵͣ49õľΪ-3Żþ7ڷרҵٻƭʶܻøķݶ˶ȲҪ࣬Ҳʶ˵ľΪ0沩ĵʲIJǣ֧ǣ00ԵIJһµЧʧ10Ȼھ״̬ABûнȻҲгǣΆDZڵĺ10ɾ0DZھʵֱһεijɱƣεijɱǽ׳ɱҲԽ׳ɱ⣬׳ɱıǻɱ׳ɱڵ10ںDZ棬Ժûз
ȻAB˵־DzģABĸڽһƵءƶȰţAB˫ͬCȨCŵΪABĺṩලͱϣͷһͬʱCҪȡһáǵƶȰŵļʽΪABṩȫͱ֤Ҫв˵ʣȻҪбߣͲԼֻܴӺ˫AB룬˰աıල£AB֮ĺ˱֤Ҫһķãһɣһǹ̶4һַԶԲ˾˰գ30%ʱABľ֮Ϊ4.2ÿ˾Ϊ2.1ڲΪ0״ȻڵƶȰ£ABĸ״ˡõΪ5.8AB˵һֺijɱҲϵijɱ׳ɱڵƶȰ£Ľ׳ɱˣӸ10Ϊ5.8Ч״ˡ˵ЧʵƶȰŽ˽׳ɱӶʹύ׳ɱĴСΪƶЧ״ָ꣬ƶҪġȻƶȰŲǽָڴٽĵƶȰŶΪijɱ׳ɱǣڹ˱ߣñ綨ͱȨͬñַȨֽ׳ɱʽз͵Ŀܣ¼˹˵ġƶȵĻۡԹȨDZҪģȨƺƶȺַ˽ƶȰţԽ͹ʽĽ׳ɱͬʱƶصķһʽĽ׳ɱܿһᣬٽĺˮƽͬʱܵԼ


2֡ľ
A

B 15,15 2,11
11,2 0,0

֧1ͬǣ֧Ľṹ˱仯˵ijɱ䡣һ֧ṹĽǣһԴḻԴȽϴнѡκһƫԶDzǵġһУʲǣӦ֧ǣ1515ĺԶʵֵģɽƶʵʩģƶȰûдڵıҪԡĺɡ֡Эűضᴩľý֮СҲĹ뾳硣

3Ը״̬
A

B 1.5,1.5 -3,4
4,-3 0,0
ò֧12IJͬڣ˫ľСƭӶAB˵ջ֮κԷܷȶľǣӦIJ֧ǣ00ƶȹ̶ɱΪ4ôƶȰžûоüֵҲͲһƶȰŲ󡣷ֹAB֮䲻ᷢȻ˫ԤڵûкĿܣôҰԸõѡ񣬲ľͻᷢתԸľƾͻγɣABԶ֧Ͻڣ1.51.5ͣ00֮䡣ȻABûлú棨1.51.5ҲûʧȥԸ档

4ˮƽѭģ

A

B 1.5,1.5 -3,4
4,-3 0,0
òĵ֧3ͬƶȹĹ̶ɱΪ4һDzABԸģôԸABѡ񡣵ǣʱһͳߣʷϳֹĿܹ͵ƶȰŵĹ̶ɱ罵Ϊ1ôòľпܴĿǰԸ״̬˾лúĿܡͳҪòAB併͵ƶȰŹ̶ɱŵڹҾȡʤһϰյijŵʷϵġԼ¡͡ӸȣһͳɱƶȹijŵЧͳߵĸйءͳϣԼʼͳϰ˫Ӯľ棬ڴٽʵǧڽĿʼһʱ䣬һϢʱڡΪǿŵĿԣбҪŵɻԭĸ߶ȣ롰DZĹٷʾġԹ򡱡Թ򡱵Ч뿪ĵͳɱƶȹϵһģĿҲǽĻ֮ϵġȻֲľڲ벩ĵÿһǣֲľǷܹȡںͳߵƶȹɱ״̫ԪƽйԺ󣬶̰ͷɱԹżŽϸԼƶȣ磬ȡˣ276Ԫ谵ĺ˳ʵɼԳɹǵĴУھɽ
йʷϵѭһգʷѧңͲεĶѭΪʲôܴƣһ˵йΪʲôûвµгáҿйƶȲ龰4пЧʵĺƶֻͳɱ˵еʤṩһһԺѡλƱ㲻ˣûбȻĻ֤ͳߵƶȹͳɱġƶȹɱߵʱ򣬲ľͻһ״ֲ̬ľͻᶨһƶȣƶ״̬Ǹ߳ɱƶȹµȶ⣬ȶϲΪԹ򡱵ġܷͻΪͳҪͳκϷԵ֧֣һȶIJľ⣬ԣֻԡDZ򡱵ʽ֡˵DZDzľ⣬ǴصƶȣʽġԹһ룬һִٽʵֶ෽ӮԸһԽǿʶ̬أԽDZԷĴԡ
ǴӲľĽǶDZ򡱡DZ򡱵IJҲһƶȱǨһƶȱǨǶƶȹɱߵĻӦԹͳߣǿƶ״̬Dzпʵشݻһ룬DZ򡱵ijǶһƶ״̬ǰƶȶΪһֲľ⣬ôIJķDZ򡱵ij־أһͳߵƶȹɱһϰնƶȵ֧ͳߵƶȹɱĸߵͺϰնƶ֧ĸߵͣǿ԰Ѿƶ״̬ΪΣ


ƶȹɱ ƶȹɱ
ƶ
֧ Iȷ (II)Сµ
ɾ
ƶ
֧ (III)Ըƻ (IV)ȷ
DZƶ״̬


˼ƶȹɱIJDZ򡱡ʵϣƶԸ֧㹻ߵĻDZ򡱿Իʶ̬ؾͻΪᲩľIJɾӢײǿ֮ϵġĴСжһ̶Ƚ÷չ̶ȵijݡʷżȻԱڣI(IV)ֲȷƶ״̬һƶȹԸ֧ٶȳƶȹɱٶȣôͿܲһѭƶ״̬֮УƶȱǨ£ǿƾͻõЧԼþܻܿƶ״̬(II) ת쾭öԣЧʵٶȳܵٶȣƶȱǨͽŻġ״̬(II)µƶȱǨߺЧʣЧʵ߽ǿľʱʶ̬һںʶ̬еȷֽⷴύ׳ɱǿ˺ľ⡣ִٽЧߵƶȱǨвϵǿ
ƶ״̬(III)Ҳһȷ״̬ڵˮƽ֮С״̬֮£ƶȹƽɱ״̬ƶԸ֧ƶȹĵͳɱ״̬ʱġġ˶ɡдգʷϣͼ߳ˮƽѭμ˸ŬƳġ˰ġһ޷峯ġ̯ĶЩĸʩijԶϣƶȹɱԴٽǣЩʩֻȡʱЧͳߵǷֲġȻڶڣũõϢĻᣬǣֶһ˷棬ϰյĸءʱڵ˼һٵؽ֮ΪĪ֮˳Ϊ ˶ ˰һ޷̯͡Ķͳ߽ƶȹɱĴʩܹΪľӶԼΪƶȵǰǣͳ߾Զ׿ʶǿִ֯һʧľͻתɸ߳ɱƶȹľ⣬ͳ߽IJľͻΪһ룬ƶ״̬ԡԹʽģԸصIJľǡDZ򡱡DZƶ״̬(III)ϵһģԴٽʶ̬ǿӳ˸þԺƶȵĿ
һһƶ״̬(III) ʧȥƶȱǨŻĶơķƶ״̬ƶȹijɱͶƶԸ֧ߵĻ˾ƶ״̬ƶȹɱͳߵԼйأͳߵ¢Ŀٽƶ֮侭ڲһ£ƶҲֲһ¶ʧȥ˶Ծ漤Ҳྭͣ͵ԭڡƶԸ֧ķҪԸһЩƶԸ֧ĸߵͣIJģУ֧ϾĽṹ֮УһӦ֧ԽߣƶԸ֧ҲԽǿԸ֧ԽǿշƶȴµĻҲԽôһǣΪʲôͬľвͬĺ֧ϣ1еģ552еģ1515Լ3еģ1.51.5ֻаסһ㣬DzƶȱǨΪʲôᷢƶȱǨ

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ôͨϵıȽϾ̬ûа취༭ѧʽȥǿԵóۣЧʵ1Դϡȱ̶ȣͣ2ˮƽͬʱҲԼǻΪأΪֻòƸķʽ֮ȽϺѡǴƭӶĻɱǴ棬ǴԽߣƭӶijɱҲԽߣҲԽȥԡҲΪʲôɽˮ񡱡
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һվ˵ˮƽһͣԣ⾴˵ƶڼһž˵Ƕڷչй˵ѧϰڶʱȡýϿĽؾʡһҪ߳ƶ״̬(III)ľأͻԴԼȡüΪ
ũҵᣬͳڶʱڽƶȹɱŬܸıʷĵˮƽѭ״̬ΪйũҵһվãҪԴأ˿£ʼϡȱģֻҪԴϡȱһԼͻƣϵʣֻ̧صļ۸񣨵⣩ԴԼĻްͬʱΪöļĹȺȶǼΪ޵ģΪҲҪͶ룬ͶҪۣ˶ٵ£ڼĻ޵ġͬʱͶԣУͶͶ߸ĽҲ谭һء
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չйҵĹһͻԴԼḶ́ҲһĹ̡ҵʱĻǶصҵɵͶŹҵ̵ƽӣٵԴԼǰԼչΪغʱԼʱһ۵ģ˵ٵԴԼڻ⡣ͻԴԼͼƶȱǨƶһǶǽĸĸǼƻ¹ҵ̵ıȻҹгĸȺ͹ҲҹҵƽݽҹøĸȡõijɾͲҹĹҵһҵƶƶȱǨ
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