ΩԸƽˮʹ罭ϣ
et revelabitur quasi aqua iudicium et iustitia quasi torrens fortis

 

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13 ѧɣϣ ߣ


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----鰬¬ɵѧ

ſˡ¬Jacques Ellulλ͵ѧҺͼӰķѧңͬʱҲǸѧңһһڷİص¿˹Bordeaux׳ûάǣSerbian壬Ҿdzƶ?ӵݬʮͲòںĻУ˼ξ?˼ڡʱۡᵽ޲׼״дա
ʮ͵Ķʮʮ¬Ŀ״빲ѣ˼塣˵ʹҷԹԭǣĹۼĵԱ֮䣬ž޴𡣶˵ŷ˼˼ˣӦһ£ĹȴˡVanderburg 1981, p10
ʮˡ꣬һ˶Ե⣬""֣˼Դ˶޽⡣ʱҲҪ⡰Щⶼڴķ룬˵ϢϢءؼʱ̣תʥ˵�"ʥҸ࣬ҵһµIJΣһ˼ĽͲͬIJΡҽµʵԼ;ȽʱͲò˻̡"
Ӱ¬Կ˼뷽ʽϣܵ˼ͺڸ֤ԶӰ졣Ҳԭƾ֪ʶӶ֢ҩ
ʲôǡӺζʲ?ȨЧ?ЧЩ⣬ѧԺһ꼶ѧʣǾḻʦͱоķѧר۲ݡرǶԡʡȨԡݡԼȣӹעɵѧһԷķһ꣬ʱս̻δɢսʵչʾνᡱŤڼ֮ϵķѧƽȡ塢ȨȵȣҲDZش˸⡣¬дһ

1 ѧ
жԡ֣̽۽ṹĻڶĹ۵ɶиԻԤ衣ӰģǿʼǧǰɰǣThomas AquinasȻۣNatural Law theory¬ڡɵѧ򷴲ۡ
¬ԡĸǽڡ񷨡֮ϡȻ񷨵Ĺϵ˵ʥйءľģ롰塱Դͷ࣬롰塱뿪͸ڣΪЩĶˣ䱾˵񣬶Ҳ䡣񷨡롰˷ϵսŬ֤صڡԼDivine Covenant͡ȨGod-given Human Rightsĸϡ󣬴ӡĽǶȲ˽̻֮ĹϵԵһס
ʼչᴩһҲǰ¬ÿͽѣһζϵǹġԸ˵ľ꣬ǿÿ

1.
⡰񷨡ؼڶԡ壨righteousness롰壨justiceĸҪʶ ʥУǶԡ塱͡塱ı⣬⡣2 ڴĸһ壬ָsh-ph-tעʥϣԭģָСָʣɡϰߺ͹ءΪڱ֣עϵͬӢĵġjusticeǴ˵ڡ̸᷽塱һ壬ָs-d-q塱ĸԼеʣָ塢ƽָ䡢ס塣ЩȻǴķ̸塱ġ壨righteousness߱Ϊ
塱롰塱֮䲢ûоԵ֡ʱ߿ɻʹáȻ˻˵Եɺϻ÷Ҫԡһ16~17ڣɺϵ۵޷Ӧã
ϣǵֱ˴ϣͬӵϣҪжϡеʱ
򣬲ɿ˵òϲɷֹɾˣΪġ
һǸٵģǹغȺ֯ġ塱⣻漰ɫˣҲغˡжϣjudge righteouslyһõĴΪ"sedeq"⼴бĶչΪģFor the judgment is God's˾õǡmisphaˣϷٵĹʥڴ˹⽫õ÷dzӽڽ˸Ӧڱ˸ԣ⼸ھеIJ÷DzȷDZѧϵĶ𣬵˵ĹȻͬ߹໥һ˵ʵУֻһ塣˵Ĺ?䷶ѭ˺߱޷ǰߣеĹżȻָ塱ĸ?Ҫ3 ?ǽԵģkΪ
ΪkΪѡһʽͽͷɵʽˡ

2Ȼǻ̽
ͳϣͽһֱΪվάȻһ4 ӶľΪ˱绤ʵϣǻʥʾԽȻͬڹ巨ΪĿ꣬еĹ۵㶼Դˡ塱͡

(1)ˡĸ˸һֹ۵㣬˵Ķ䡱the Fallδ֮ȫĸЩΪԾһ̶ȵ־һЩţ˻һĹ֮ģһ֪ƶơ¬ϣԭУ̸䡱⡣ָ䵽˼㣬˲˵Ȼimago Deiģ񣩱棬ȻͿԴΪʵϣˡ족ʵζڶ֮滹㹻imago Deiʹܹ⡰塱͡
(2) ȻĽԴһ֡" ĸΪۡ㹫塱ձЧǿԣмֵǺһΪı׼5 仰˵һΪǡ塱£˵ڡ塱˵ʵǶǣΪ֡塱"" ֻһȡġ塱һֻ۵Ϊ塱 ĻĹ֮ϣԡͨԣ˶ԡ족в˽⡣ʵʹ˾ãԵĶԡȻǣ඼ע壬ô塱๲ͨˣ塱ƺ˼ֵжϵݣ˰гԭ⣬˵ĹϾˡԡ
ǽһ۵ĴͶɿ͹ۡ˽ԼԼֵתɡԡҵĶͶ֮ߣԡ͹ۡͶǰ˾ϹݡȻڷdzԣ˹ǣStoicsͰǵIJԣȻǽԵĺġ塱λ֮Ϊķterrestrial lawǽȻ֮ϣʵֻһֻȻһ˵ķʽǾԻ˵ķʽᲢۡ
ķܱ?һַɡҮջ塣ķȲȻĻҲǺϣʵߺ޹֮ͨ
ϵۿԿȻʥʾķǿҶԱȡˣȻΪ̽Ĺ۵㲻ơȻʵ˾һ׶Ρ⣬ָо޷͵ԣҲָĹЧܱл

3. ġ
ִרҵʥвڡʵϣʥδġһԭǷϵͳԵĻصġʥʾиνѧĸܹ˷˷һ֡
ԴѧϿ droitӢrightʥУָѭ˳һеġ·ʵϣϵġѭ֮6 ˵ڣ 塱ڣȻ˵ȫܳѧԲͬķʽ֤塱Զڣij֡ݡһԡʥǶЩ˵Ǵġ
ʵ뿪񣬡塱Ͳڣһɺּ⣬ΪҲޱҪɡ⣬塱ûݣΪ塱б壬ҲûпɺkĶ֮Ψһɺּ⣻塱ּ֮¡ɴ˹Ĺ

ΪѧͶһѧԺ

ע
1�"law "һΪ߸ģֻԭǿ漰˾"" ʱ?"" ʵʴϽûи𣬿Իʹá 2 עС塱ָҲָ˵Ĺ塣ﵱ̸ʱôΪ塱RSVһָʱΪ塱 3 ע cf. Theo Preiss, Le Temoignage interieur du Saint-Esprit. 4עѧϵ"֮ͬ" ĸ׷ݵȻһ֡ң˹. ǵַlex aeterna, lex naturalis, lex humanaǵֻlex naturalis ΪIJ⡣ 5 Werner, Conseil oecumenique, 1943. 6 עԣ˵ĽǶ塱ڱʡˣơ롰塱֮޹ġѧɡDurkheimԾܡͬģЩơ塱ֻ
һżȻɷݣȫҪ˵Ҳͬ⣨cf. Roubier, op. cit., p269 f.

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14 뷨£dz̸¬ɵѧ ߣԨ


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ᵽ¬ڡɵѧһУȻĶ壬ԼߵIJ죬˵ĹԴʥּء

ȷ˵Ҫ˽⡰Ԫأʾ˵kԼʼʥ 롰塱˾֯롰塱롰Ȩ۷롰͹۷ȸ֡ĻϣDz̽֡񷨡롰˷

Ԫ

(1) ƶȣinstitution1ָһ־õ˾淶ʵ壬ڸ˵־֮ϣĿ꣬ǿȻƶȡԴݵԻȴʼǸա磬һƶȣǣƶΪʲôʷϳ֣ΪʲôᳬԽԽΪѧҺѧۣȻͷ

ƶȡԴ䲻ߵˣˣͻ˥ܡǡһԪأȻȴĴ졣ʽܻᱻ˸ı䣬ʵȴ䣬Ȼ޹ϵЩƶȡ˷ֺͷչģDZӦǣΪģʽ˿ƶȡ棬ΪӦ״żǽе2

(2) Ȩhuman rightsȨҪԼԳԡȨĹ£Ȩġǣǰ߲ͬʥУ˻ȺɰɷضȨʱǿЩȨġԩֱɿ˵òҲܻ¸Ϊ¸ܽ˵۱Ϲˣܵߵ˵ĻҪ׷壬ýҮͻĵءʮ19-20ɼ˼ѴõȨΥȨǰᡣ

ʷȴһ󣺡˰ԼȨ񡣡ΪȨԽ֮ϣȨ߿ΪΪԸضάϵһ롰塱⵽ƻɡǿ߼塱ѧǡ෴ʵȨҪǣЩȨΪһȷĿĶ˵ġ

(3) 塱ڡ塱һ˵ĸǺģҲĹ֮ʵнܵĹϵͳۼ֣˶ԡ塱ڸ֪ԡá롰ʶܹ⡰塱ƶġȥʷ֪վסšҪ˵ĽǶ塱ıʣܡ

ʥظһԣǣ˺֮Уԡ塱Ҳû˿ʶ˵Ϊڳ˷ֱƶĹ֮󣬾Ͷ÷ֱǷǣ֮ƣΪȱ־۲ǡΪ˴ժ¹֮󣬾ָ˶ƶֻĿУġ֮Ϊָ˶ġơûиּġ塱Ҳû˿30-31ڵһ㣺ǿ˵ʲôأDZ׷˷壬Ŷõ壻ɫ׷ɷ壬òɷ塣ͼԡΪ조塱עҪʧܣɫҲ⡣

ԣȻΪ塱һı׼ԱһȴԵģҾʱڡԽһЩ˾ļ󣬶һжŪҡˣ˳Ϊ ģһǹΪģȫľǷԣʥ̸ġ塱˵ġ塱֯ԣӦ

ƶʱҪһȨģġ塱ֻͼһɱĻԼĹά硣ԣ˾й淶ĽֻҪάϵڡ˷֮£¿ܷġ塱ҲܲϡΪĿ֮һҪ磬˷ǵkĵԡûа취֯Եġ塱ᲢۣΪ֡塱ûṩκġ塱ʵġ塱ͨԼϵ˵ġ塱ȻŽµ֯Եġ塱Ρ

ԡӦе̬

ΪСļҪԪءЩԪزֵȴоıҪ㡣ϵķף뿪ˡԼ޷ġҪܸκԭġͨʵĹ۲졢ʷʵйжϣȻŽ

ķΪڸ÷֮µˣһȨǣ˷ԼЧľУʹеȨʧЧʹҲЧһЩӦҪλȨʧȥݡ˵dzϳȨdzϾȨ뻤ڵĵɡ

˵ԼǾġԼDzԼDZԼǵŲ֮ԼԼҮջﶼʵˡҡжDZڵkkڵkʮһ36γԼص㣺Լֻһ㣬ң÷ɵ˵һĵͬ

˶ԡ̬ӦǰĹ۲죬DZע⣬ҪͼʲôЧģʲôձܾġֵʱδɸѡҪȵСԣڱִġΪһ壬ΪѾָ񡣽ԣΪ塱ΪҪͬʱҲܺѡؽԼȥһЩ˾ϵͳ롰෴ʱǾͲܽΪ롰塱һ¡ͽΪԡ˫̬ȣԴĵλĽɫȷȨ롰ĺϷԣ˳ǿƵҪ

̻

ڹңǹȨѧΪ۲ݡƺڹҵġȫܡеõȫܡĹݡϧκΡ塱ĸ3 ʥȴʮֿ϶ҴڡΪҲǡĴߣڹҶڣֱġԵIJDZ˵ҪӹõȨ

ҪڹңͱǴԵIJִ˶ԡҼϵĿһԴѭһ򣬹Ҿʧȥ˿ơǴӹҶãȨǴʥȷؽ̵Ϊ졣ˣΪ˸ݡ塱͡쵼񣨴¾8ҵĴΪĴڡСȨΪ塣ʮ44 ̸ͳߡͳȨˣĿˣʲôǡơʲôǡɹҾ෴ģơ͡ȴԾҵΪΪʲô֪ǿɫеľڵ߸

ںĿĸ˹ңǡġˡˡǹҵĽɫʲô

(1) ұʥδ˵ǹҵıҪܣĿǰʱѳԤ衣ʵǹ조ʵҲ조Dzò˵ҪµġʱҾͻӦҪµġ

(2) ִСǿִеȨгġҵʹЧΣַ֧ɡɱȨִСǡµڡȻҶԷɵִв뷨ɵȨɵȨ񷨵ͷģϵķȴǿ˳ԼûΪĶ

(3) ǡıߡұΪȫ幫ء͡塱İùҵȨʩӲ壬ǼصĹʥ֪Υɫdzֵע⣬õҷָǹΥǶԡij״ݻ١ҽԼΪĺԼԸ塱ʱͲٴˣΣʮ25ӵйȨΣյģͼԼȨ桰Ȩά֡Ĵڡ£ܴһʱ䣬вķʽȡأЧΣһǹġɴ˿λ᷽ijɹܳΪ塱֤

̶Ӱ죬̻ʹ׼ȷؽڡʹϾ̻ڹ֮ڣҪĹҡDZȷϣ̻ȨҪ󡣽̻ҵĹϵҪ˾ϣ̻Ҫ񣬾ͱ벻ϼķ񣬲ȷϡľޡ̻Ҫʵлֻƾ˼֪ʶϵвܽ⣬С顱ǰ21

̻ԷϵжϣҽҪʱ俹ձϵڣ̻֧Լġ塱͡ڹԪʱΪ߼뵽·ɵĶС̻ỹһΣڷʵУʵDZ˳Ϊ̷ҲΪġʮ5̻֮ͽнΣȨѡʱʱվ˵Ҳij̻Ӧɻ̵ȫΪӭս̻һҪ̵ͽʲôǹңԼΪʲôӦ˳ңйءĻĿģǷչʶһͽףԼ͡ӦĽɫΣҶʥи߶У

ּܳᶨȥСͽҪúʱ֣ʱʲôע⣬ʲôԡ̻ѡվʱͻʹý̻ף硣

ˣ̻ʵСְ𣬹ҲϽ̻еȨʱͲɹ֧ơҲٰɡĴߣӸһȣҲٶԡ塱ٲáұ˩ǽ̻ˣͽ̻Ƶ󣩣ڡķڳΪˡΪھѲˣԽʾĽ̻Ϊ

Ȼ֧߳ĴǽΪȨܡơΪģضȻġҪԻֻҪķġʵйģȻȻǣȴҪȫ塣

Үͻ˵ǵعƽй壬ҵľȶٽҵĹ彫Ҫ֡ʮ1ھĸ˰¬Ҫ˼Ϊ꼴٣ҮջѾͽȷ⡰̻ĹϵڴЩʱչֳʵǿ̲ݻҪ

ǶѧͶһѧԺ

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Vanderburg, William H. 1981. Perspectives On Our Age: Jacques Ellul Speaks on His
Life and Work. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation.

Ellul, Jacques. 1960 (first published in French in 1946). The Theological Foundation of Law. National Student Christian Federation.

ע
1 ʮģоҲδнչеķѧҶΪƶȡһ͹۴ڵл塣ˡƶȡֱȡ˵־ƶȡǷѧҴģҲǻֱӲҪŬﵽijĿ꣬ĿԤġԡƶȡ Ŀѧܽƾ޷ƶȡġ 2 ʥЩƶȡо뿴ߵ¡Communautes naturelles, the collection Vocations No.3, Commmunaute. 3 Kelsen and Allgemeine Staatslehre ȫֹ֧۵㡣ΪΪĿʲôڹȨ֮Сйءʥʾȫ෴۵㡣ȤǣǡǡҲǷ˹ԡĽ͡Ϊ־ǡĴߡ(Mussolini, Encyclopedia Italiana, article "Fascismo".) 4ʮ

4Ϊˣġȴ£Ϊǿտյ彣ˣԩģ̷ġ 5 ΪҮͻ˵߰˵ں֮λȻԱҲˣ񣡡