ΩԸƽˮʹ罭ϣ
et revelabitur quasi aqua iudicium et iustitia quasi torrens fortis

 

˻ʫ

¹ѧҵϣ-˻(Dietrich Bonhoeffer)Ĵ֮׷͡򡷣ǻ̽Ϊߡ뱾ķУ˽̻֡
ϧԵġ򡷣֮ӢֻǽڱŶɾͷȥβвģ׾ɵʫɾڡ(ճ磬1994ڰ˰)͡˻硷(Ÿ裬1995ٰ)У¼ʫн롢©롢֮(ע1)
ݡӢȫ뱾(ע2)¼˻ʮʫģԴѧѧ˫ؽǶȣ̽˻ʫꡣڹ˻ʫĿǰƺֻһHampeġƵ(ע3)

ʱձ
һգ˻ڰ֮(Tegel)ͬʱĶ(Christineһ)Ͷ(Hans von Dohanyi)ҲǶظıѱ䡣
¶ʮգұ(Colonel Klaus von Stauffenberg)ıϣʧܣ˶֯ع⡣ʮ³˻ԭƻԽΪʮո˹(Klaus Bonhoeffer)ʹʩ(R?diger Schleicher)Ҳ˻Խۼˡʮ°գ˻Ƶ߶İϣӽ(Prinz-Albrecht-Strasse)
һ¾գ˻ڸɭ(Flossenburg)̣ʮꡣͬһɳ(Sachsenhausen)¶ʮգ˹ʩҲڰֱ
һµʮ£˻Ⱥ˾ʫĺѱ¸(Eberhard Bethge)--ͬʱѧݣ򱴵¸Ȣ˻ŮǴ(Ursula)ͽʩСŮ(Renate)һʫ˻һףӰϣӽּĸĸ׵ġЩƷռijʱ˳£

1. (The Past, June 1944)
2. ϲ (Sorrow and Joy, June 1944)
3. ˭ (Who Am I? June 1944)
4. ͽͽ (Christians and Pagans, July 1944)
5. ҹ (Night Voices in Tegel, July 1944)
6. ͨɵվ (Stations on the Road to Freedom, July 21, 1944)
7. (The Friend, August 1944)
8. Ħ֮ (The Death of Moses, September 1944)
9. Լ (Jonah, October 5, 1944)
10.Ƶ (Powers of Good, December 1944)
ʫ뱾ʣʫѡ
Դɱϣʧܵ¶ʮգΪʮʫķֽ硣¶ʮǰƷǵÿһλʶ߳ﱻ--ľɥϣ־˺ϲ--Щʰףڼ֤Կѵ̬ȡ
ԺƷˡѡ׶
ΪʲôҪ̽˻ʫ
ʫ̵ԣߵк˼롣ɢȣʫ϶ԣɢ֪ԡ˻ʫûһۼŮ˽飬Ǽĸ¸ġˡ䡹͡ҹףȽ϶۵йƷӱһѧ⡣ʹǸԵġ䡹͡ҹҲ̽ܿ͹塣
ˣ˻ʫ߸֪ԡ͹ۣͬѧͼڰ(Karl Barth)ǿĿ͹ʾͲ(Rudolf Bultmann)֮䣬ѰԻΪĵƽ㡣˵ϣŨУ׽һЩѧӦǺڴɡ
ѧĶ˻ڱн澳£ͼд籾С˵źʫ裬㷢ԼкѧʡҲ˻֮
ɴȨĺƽ£ٻ𣬽̻ƈ͵ʱ˻ʷΡڼ䣬˻ġ(worldliness)͡ڽ̡(unreligiousness)Ļ̣ΪѾƵԵġ硹(world come of age)֮
˻Ϊ̻Ҫʥصڽ̺IJͬڽƬ治ȫ--غǺͽζϲҸԣ֪ʶ֮ѰԵʧܡʱ˵񣻷֮غȫ--ۺģӦ֪ʶ֮Ѱڸǿɹ͹иӦѰѧҳƴΪ縺εѧ(ע4)
һǶ˻ʫΪ͵硢һġ͡ڽ̡ĶԻɡ

ڽ̵ڹ͡--˻ʫѧɫ

άڡ˼ʻһ飬ʫдȻҲ˵ʫıд飬д͹۵ľ㷢۵СΪʫɹ֮ʵıڵʵʽ(ע5)

1.ʵı
һǶ˻ʫ治ֹڵʽٵΣȻӵij黳˻ԼУӡ䡹ϲ֡˭ҹƵĵǸжıʵй¶£˶ݡ
дʫʱ˻ȼգʫȻȻӿǡһ׳ʫһdzɣֻѼͷԲ˼ݡϸ壬диԡ˻ԣ⡣˻ѱ¸дʫܣᵽҽƷ䡹ĸδ(Maria von Wedemeyer) --һһʮն--Ϊŵʱʮǡ˻ԼĵĸܣʫȻУṩǽһԿס

2.ϸձ
ʹǸ˴ʮŨʫ硸˭ʵǴ඼Ȥѧ⡣˻ӡСҡĿȴָռġҡ壬ɹؽϸձ⣬ѾԽңԽĻԽʱͿռ䡣
ѡһʫ£һ¸֮ɹ飻ǣ˻һ۵㣬Ϊδɵġѧ֮䡣Ϊ˻ڡѧ(state)̻(church)(marriage)͹(work)׵Ĺϵᵽ겻ܹһ룬ᳫڽ̻ָĻѧ棬Ϊǽ̻ĸ֮·
ҳǷп(յƺܿ)»ָ̻Ϊʶ(ꡢϷ)Ĺ˹ġѧڡ(aesthetic existence)´ӽ̻ʧڽ̻½Ӧǻָйᡣ(ע6)
Ϊ̻ѧŲ˻ʫ͸ˡ

3.Ƕ¹۵
ǣ˻ֻд۵Сҵ⾳ߵݷԣϷɫ磬ġʥĹ۵ȥܺ˼硸Ħ֮͡ԼáʫνϷĹ۵(ע7)ȫ֪½ǶȻϷһ˳ƵĽǶȣӸʷȥ˼ֵϵʹࡹľ塣ܿܣӰȻĴ͸л¼ʵӸܹչһң˹ȹӰΣգʷǹİ١
⣬ڡҹ˻ԴĦѵĸܡǵ˼룬Уʫ˲ֻüҹ˼롹üüѡ߽ˡϰȼĻ桹Ϊη𶯡˺ѡǣһĶǵļϳʹߵչʫߣѾʫ˸Եʹ󣻶ԻΪվڱġѹȵܿ߹۵㣬ʷ
񡸻䡹һʫ˻ַ

ģԼʹֿ
Ҷȥ
ҵγƺ㣿ơҸ
ݵҡҵĩŵĻ䣿

дɣάν֮ʲ֪ΪңΪ(ע8)֮ǡûҡǰԼΪ֮ҡԼﶼϵ֮ӣҶ˺һʫ˲ͷźȣҲʹ

4.֮
ʫУھ壬ڳˣʫ﷨(figurative)(simile)(metaphor)˻(personification)ַд
磬dzĸ飬Ե磬á󻨡(cornflower)飬ʫ˱ȴԡ󻨡͡(grainfield)ȣܹڡѡĵڶΣ˻͹ġ޹ԡ(uselessness)ȻĹʵţõؿ

ڹǵ
ϵظţ
׳Ͷĺˮ
бҪѪҲԸ⣻
ڹӦճ
Ҳ
ɰš
ֲ˽ࣻ
ںɡ
ͻõ

dzĹʵ
Ҳʮֿɰ
ǻΪʵ
ǹʵΪЧ
˭֪أ
߽Դ͸ǡ
ϡеĻ
ڿʱ⡣

֮ռ䡣ɹ£һ󻨣ֲӿʱݷ𿴵˻Ͱء(Jean Lasserre)ͱ(George K. A. Bell)Լͱ¸˵꣬ʢĻ䣬˰Ĺʵ
ʱʾͰʾĹ(suggestion or implication)ʹƽתʫζŨ⾳磬䡹ĵڣ

ϵ׷ҷ
ȡס
ͬշӭ۷
ʹţ
ͬˮ
ǣͻٵһлζ
ƭӴ
ѰʧĻ䡣

ʹַڡ硹׵ľӣʫڻʾȻȴ绨ζ缴šȻһį¶ıʹ߸ʫ˻ûʧľ

ֵϵ۵ʹࡹ--˻ʫѧʶ

ϵ۽ܿ࣬ȴԶԶ뿪˼һռ˻ġ(ע9) ˻Ϊͽξϵܿʱһ𣬡ͽͽһʫüΪ

׽ϵۣ
ƶ裬޿ͷ޹
ѹˡʹ࣬
ͽᶨվϵԣѹࡣ

˻Լʫ
סͽͽʫеĺɿôͽϵ۵ʹ࣬ͽ֮ͬ㡣ͽDZijⷽڽ̻ʵʵһˡʹһ˳ΪͽڽϵijЩ򣬶ڽлϵ۵ʹࡣ(ע10)
ʵзϵ۵ĿѣǡͽĴۡһ˼ӡ򡹣ûиı䡣ˣڱ˻ῴԼʹ࣬²˺ͷˣбֳٰ͡ʤʵ

˭dz˵
Ҳη
ݡ졢ᶨʿԼҺլ
˭dz˵
Һ˵
ڡơڷʩ
˭˵
ܿѣ
ƽ΢Цʤߡ

1.һΪ˵ʫ
һʧȥɵºȻ¶ɵĿȻԣһӵС
˻ѧǿɡеıʻ顢ǸӵжԵĶΪ˶еһֹϵΨҺ˵ĹϵУһгľҲɵġ(ע11)
ͬ뱻죬˴ɡɲΪԼΪ˶ԼһΪˡˡ˵ҲӦΪˡ(being free for the other)ڡɡһƪҲдϵ۵İʹǴҵͷţΪ˵ɡ(ע12)
һΪ˵˼룬ʵϹᴩ˻һҪ̻ۡۡۺѧﶼ൱ĵġҲ˼£ʥͽԻΪн顣ڡѧд
Щ(עָĻ)˳ķ룬ڸɡʵ(ע̻ᡢͥ͹)УӦԪءһʶϵĽɫȻȻΪ˸ΪΪΪͽǣһǷܳΪһˣˣԣǷܳΪĻͽ(ע13)
ѧ£DzܽͨɵվʫΪʲôҪɡжܿ࣬ɡ˻ڴɱϣյļƻʧܺ󣬸е֮д֮˻ΪɡԼ塹Ϊɡ֮¡Ϊɳеѡ¿Ϊѳ֮·
ʫдһ·̣һѧDzֿܷġ

2.Ĵʱ˵
˻жԾԼʥͶ¸оҲǵԶ롶׷ʥתչעġȹۡʥ׷˼롣Ⲣʾ˻ѷĩۺͽĹȣҲʾʥ״ûֲֻڴ
˻һִġ硹˸ͽأ˻ڡдĻ

ϵڽ̵ǣΪˣԲҪͬڵϵۣǵϵ(ʮ34)λʹϲΪϵۣҲǵԶվǰϵۡϵ׼ǰ磬ڵʮּϣϵܵģ֮ͬڣҰǣⷽΨһķ̫17ǣȫǣʹǡ(ע14)

ҵۺ׽⣬˻ѳΪߡϵ۵ʵϣ˻ԵǣԼաĻͽ壬ǿжԡֻһ˭ʫĽβ͸öȻܾ۶ϣ

˭
ŪҵģԼЩ¶⡣
Ҿ˭
񰡣֪㡣

ųϣ˻dzͷβʵ·ͽֻʵ£˼ؼ۶塣
һƽߣΪһļ˷ӣìܵһʵȫصһﻯˡϵڻͰԶ˻ж׼(ע15)

3.Կѵؾ

䡹һʫ˻ַ֣ʫ˽һַֺϺϵľ񡸻䡹͡ҹ׸ܴ֮ʹһԾĶ򣬼ÿһʫ磬ϲ֡Ľβ

Ŷĸ׺װѽ--ǣ
ǵʱ氮ʱ̡
Ѻ͵ְǵʱҲ
ҳϵܸı˵ò
ؽΧƣ
ԡ

硸Ƶһڣ

һǣǣ
ǵ¸δǰ;δ֪
ƻ衢峿ط֣
һ֮ʼ

ʤѵ֮Դʵ˻ǰĬޡ.ڡͨɵվд

׷Ѱ
ѧ׸о
Ψ㷺ĵ֫
ʹƫ뵱е·
ΨǴ
÷׷趨Ŀ
ش
ʶɵ

ڵʹΪ֣ʤѡһʮһ21գ˻дδ޵Уðµʩϵ(Adalbert Stifter)۵ѵһλ
ʹʥʹΪܽı¶ʹ࣬޿ܷʹͱøΰԶһлܳɾ͡(ע16)
дʹشڣÿ춼ҪѧϰʤʵϣһλʹʥʹǾϲ֡

4.ؼ۵ĺ

һʱǽ˻дʱָǡҮջĺԼ־(ע17)
Ȼ仰ȴԤʽڹս֡
¶ʮؼԵһ죬ɱϣʧܵϢУ˻͵ϣӴ˸ãд֮ͨ·ѽڡ
¶ʮһдɵġͨɵվһε⡣

дɡĦ֮

ʵұصóϣ
֪Զ塣
ִҵо̷ɣ
ȥİϢ

Ϊ
֭౭ɸ
еüӦ
ҵİǰǵߺꡣ

ҵİǰɡ
Ȼģ
ּ֪Ǵ
ΪdzǻԸ
񣬰յľҪٵ

Ħĵ棬˻ĵ档ܴݻٱļƻʧˣ˻Ѵӡ͸׿˵¹յϣֻϵۡսҵ֣--䣬ʵ񰡣ΪԤ˯֮(ע18)
ʵһ˻ص¹дŸ᲼(Reinhold Niebuhr)˵ľʱҲֵͬĿѣҽȨս¹ͽؽ᲼ԣʹ´˾ĵڡͽѳѵ߼(ע19)
ֹǷֵյĿѣ˻ӵ¹պɴȨΪԼ˻ڡ֮·Ľ£ڹ·ʮ1~5ڣд̵ķʡЩ¼ҵ磬ס磬з磬һ³޺Į硣Щ¼ȡԼµĹʵ˻ָ֮·ֻлڸһ;(ע20) һҲʫ--ƻʮдɡԼáʫĽβ֪ͣԼñ󺣵һĻ

ְɣؽҶ󺣣
ҵҷŭ
޹߲Ӧͬ
Ӳı۰һһ
ˡڵĴʱƽϢ

ɴ˿εȸġֱ֮ο桹(Ƶ)εȫߵɼ֮(Ħ֮)˻δϣڼƷͱΪһṩкϵڹ͡˻Ըڵ--

;Խ
Ϊҳȥص
ж¶ͬäĿϰ
ڴδܵü
ɰ
ɡжܿ׷Ѱ
͸͸
ϵ۵ ò

ܣû˱ΪܱȵʮּܡҲֻΪѳĽ֣Ϊ˻һѧʡľš

--Ŀʼ

ܽ˻һǿԽά˵άڡ˼ʻֱ⡢Ĵʣ˵ѧ׶(ע21)

ҹϸ¥·
--⡴

´ղڣΪ㲡
--ࡵ

ѰǧٶȣȻףȴڣƻɺ
--񰸡

˻λҮյļ֤ˣһЧĽٶУȻߺ͹ѵŶ˼㯡Ȼ´ղڣΪ㲡Լ׿ľΪʵһ޻ڡֱǰ󣬲ʮڵڡѰǧٶȣȻףȴڣƻɺϲֺ;Уһ

ԣ

ǽ֣ȻҶԣȴĿʼ

ע⣺

1.(ҳ144)ڡͽͽڶ׾˻硷(ҳ63)ڡԼáһʫ©һУһ뷨Ҳͬ(ҳ64)ġĦֻ֮ȫһСƬΣȴδעϸжձߵġ
2. Dietrich Bonhoeffer, Letters and Papers from Prison, Enlarged Edition(New York: Macmillan, 1972).
3.ġĺϱ࣬˻硷(̨Ÿ磬1995)ҳ91
4.С㣬ʮּϵ--ʮѧۡ(ۣ꣬1990)ҳ149
5.עͣ˼ʻ(̨֣1994)ҳ20
6. Cf, Eberhard Bethge, Friendship and Resistance(Geveva, Switzerland: WCC Publication, 1995), p.95.
7.ϷĹ۵㡹οDZϣɫʫˣ۵㡹ԭء־ʮ(º)
8.㣬˼ʻҳ36
9.˻(ۣ磬1996)ҳ15ʹ(Gerhard Leibholz˻˫̥Sabineɷ)дԡ
10.˻(ۣճ磬1994˰)ҳ141~42
11. Cf. Geffrey B. Kelly & F. Burton Nelson, editors, A Testament to Freedom, p.106, from "Creation and Fall: The Image of God on Earth".
12. Ibid, p.206.
13. Eberhard Bethge, Friendship and Resistance, p. 94.
14.˻򡷣ҳ140~41
15. Cf. Geffrey B. Kelly & F. Burton Nelson, editors, A Testament to Freedom, p.4.
16. Cf. Love Letters from Cell 92, p.118. ˻ڸĸϣᵽdzյʩϵµѡWisdom of the Heart: Thoughts and Obervations by Adalbert Stifter. A Breviary(Berlin, 1941).
17.˻ҳ80~81
18. Rasmussen, Larry with Renate Bethge, Dietrich Bonhoeffer: His Significance for North Americans. (Fortress, 1989), pp33~34.
19.˻ҳ5~6
20. Cf. Geffrey B. Kelly & F. Burton Nelson, editors, A Testament to Freedom, p.233.
21. 㣬˼ʻҳ56~58

תԡ֮ҡ

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