ΩԸƽˮʹ罭ϣ
et revelabitur quasi aqua iudicium et iustitia quasi torrens fortis

 

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˵ѧйͳĻɣǽԽĻӰ˼ֵǣڽĻͻںϵı£йѧѧͳԵ֣֮̽ҪԶԣȴ΢ġ֮ѧڵѾȡ൱̶Ƚϵʵ̬ƺȱӦе۷ʡܶһΪҪĿоĿǰԶԶͺҪϾѾ˵ѧߵ򡣱ġ塷200110°棩̽һʷۿҪɹ֮һ һļȰά³Lucian PyeҰWm.T. de BaryϵDonald J. Munro˹ģHenry Rosemont Jr.Ⱥѧоѧһ֮ڵ˵Ҳʦ޶˹John RawlsJacques Derrida˼IJȻĴ޶˹˲δֱ׫ģ޶˹ˡѹʹѧѧϵױBurton Drebenڡ޶˹ݽģȴ޶˹Ⱥڡۡ͡塷бĻԭ˹Ҫľٽ˵޶˹˵ ⲿļУԶάڵ˵ռƪȫ֮һ˵ĵʽͨϵжԻչ̸ֶʽ˵ƺ޷ijרŵ֤ҲַĵĶԻʽʹܹ˼ȪӿڹŽĺ˼д߮ƪĿǡ塱Ķ̸㷺漰ѧһеķ棬˵Ϊһоʾͷ򡣽άڵƪ̸ױ޶˹ݽ¼Դtandem readingȻܹѧ뵱Եĸ˴˵ĽҪļ༭߽ƪΪһλǽΪ˽ѧ뵱ŵۡ

ļĵڶ³ġѧҰġѧΪɴͳϵġһִ֤ʽԼ˹ͼءաӺ͵ѧ˹ĵġ˭ȨһҶԵDavid B.Wongġг֮񡱡ġһˡüӡĪġˡǶԲпĵֿԼһƪҰ޼ֵȨȺĹ۵㿴֡Ȼһһ̽ijЩԾ⡣ȨǸ۵Ĺ ɣ¹ɡ塷һ塣ǣڱȽҪ˽Ҵͳ壬¶Ҫ뵱һҪĻϵͳǾȺ塣ⲻǵѧȺ˼໥ᄈʹȻΪҪǣԼĻͳɡѧ˵Ϊϵв㹻ҪֿȺٵۿռ䣬ֻȺ˫ͬʱ߻£ѧܼľ⣨self-understandingΪ緶ΧԻṩһʷԴʵϣҰ޼ֵȨȺĹ۵㿴¡ҵȺοܣߵĹ۵οѾ˵ʹڡ塱ı֮£йȺҲѾ޴֮ܵˡ

ϣƼ塷ⲿͬʱͲѧ˫߿ܣϣѧȺԳ¼Ϊ׼ȷ˵ҪȺ䷶IJ֮£ʹѧijЩִĻлýһΪȷĶλȻһ޴Ŀ⣬ԶӦֽɲͬκͲͬӽǵľֱרоܵˣһΪ޵ƪڣֻܶһЩʾ ʹڵҲһڲʷ׳ʵӪͬͬѧ֮IJ첻ʤ壨individualismҹۡȨȣprimacy of rightԼۣdeontologyȡethical orientationſ˵άϵͳһԵԸҹΪ˵ѧphilosophical groundȨȵۺ۵ȡ򶼿˵ɸҹԴˣ޶˹ṩһѵ֤Ⱥ御ڲҲͬʤ죬ڶϣͬȺѧ˵ѧֱֳijִϵһԡ޶˹ĵԣȺҲȺ壨collectivismҹۡȣprimacy of common interestԼĿۣteleologyȡ᷶Michael J. Sandel̫Alasdair MacIntyre˶޶˹Уõ˲ͬʽͳ̶ȵı֡

ԵȺĶΪգҹۡۺȡ棬Ҿзdzı̬۷棬ԵΪȨʶȽȺΪһ¡ȡ棬ҵġ֮桱ǿ塱ڡָ֮Ϊ岻ܷٽϽӽ塰ȷơthe priority of the right over the goodΪۺȡѧҹۣΪӡԼԶԣҵҲǵʽĸ壬һɼͥٵĹϵеĽ㡣ֻˡȻ֮ı˴˸ͨУԼ졢֮һУҲܹ䱾Ĺ涨ԡȺԵоΪߵһ֡и廯塱antecedently individuated subjectǣ޹ҵҡunencumbered selfҲһ鹹ʹ˶ԣҵҹȻӽȺ˼·ǣҵҲû֮жɥʧԵDas manļ塣ǿ˸ҴӿסϵһԹ֮ĹʶҼȿ϶Ⱥܲɷ֣ͬʱͻԶ˸ȺͬʱɾңҶṹһֳּԽĹϵӢʱҰԼͬpersonalismindividualismһָҶڸԵӣǿֶصҹҹƶͬ

ѧΪͬˮڵܵȺǿս£ѧ߱ͼѰѧȺĹĸϼԵ˵ɼѧȻȺ಻ı֮ȴҲͬſԻֵ֧Ľ龵㡣йִ˼ʷϣߵĹϵݱ䣬ҲھIJ֤ѧʵǡˡȺĶԪнѧǴ˼˵ͨԼֻǼȲ쵱ȺֲͨѧͳĽʵϣȺ֮µѧһܶԪķǰѧڵйͳ˼෽涼ֳijַǴ˷DZ˶˵ġ֮䡱򡰾Ӽ䡱塷СҵȺοܣһҰڡȺ塱˵ܳⲻ֪ѧָ崫ͳҲǡǡǵҰ𡣶ֻ˵۵ҰڱǷԾˣСȺ塱֮˵С塱֮ʱֻҪѧȺͷͨcommunitarianismliberalism˴µĵһͬôȺ塱͡塱ֱδûϷԼĺ塣ʵϣ罫עظԵΪpersonalismindividualismŵҰνġȺ塱ҲǽҴͳ򵥵뵽communitarianismļܹ֮С˳һǣܣRoger T. Amesڽġ塱Ҳͬ˽ѧ˼ʷںǰ½д۽ijԣDzּʵĵ塣֮ͬǰչѧȺߵȻ۶ѧǵ塢Ⱥ˵¶յ໥˴ȡЧ

ȫѧ塢Ⱥ֮ĸӹ棬ȲΪƪҲƺƪ̵Ľֵּصѧ塷һ飬˵ǣ⵽о󲿷ֶѧǾͲܲ淢ейѧѧ壨Ⱥ壩һоʱĽȡȻϸĻȦйѧԼȺоɹʵ֣ᷢȻضȱҲDzë֮ءʵϣѾкüƪйѧ׫дзͼصĹѧѧȺġijЩԭ򣬡ѧ塷һδܽ¼ڣвԾźĵط

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