ΩԸƽˮʹ罭ϣ
et revelabitur quasi aqua iudicium et iustitia quasi torrens fortis



ѧ
һ ۣһ


ԹɵؽҪġѧܹȡ˵Ĺ͹ܵ⡣ΪһڣǵԿ̽۽̵ʹǵԴѧϵĴš

ԪۡԪ۲ִ´׵(John Laidlaw)ԨԴ׷ϣ̸۵ʧȥֱ֧֣ijЩѧ߶Ҹȼָ

塢ԪijЩϣ̸ѧռһϯҪĵλȻ۵ƺƫͼеۣ(Apollinarius)֧йػλشˣʧȥ֧֣ô˵Ӱ¹˹ʱʼ۵ѱֱҸȼ

ˡ̹УԪ۹۵ԴǰĽҡ·׷ˡ÷ȡ۵Ԫ۶йԵһַ˵

ĶԪһԹļ⡣۵㣬ǿԲݣǿüݡֹ۵ȻеȴȷԶˣ񣻳ʾûκιǿɿġ

ҷ˶ԪۣܵԪۣȡྭ֧֣ҲĹ۲͸˾֤ʵʮʱѳˡˡⱾ飬۽̵Ϊһ¹ѧȻⱾһĵڶһЩ޶ֻһЩʣԼһЩģ֮޸ݡˣ·ĺڣԼͬеĽ̵עKinnear ָ꾭˵áˡ̫ⱾһִΪܹṩд𰸣Ȿ鲻棬һһô˵ΪдĶǴģΪʹĶʱȫͬһҲڡϵͳΣܹʥԼ (Kinnear, Tide ,p99)

ԵԪ

Ԫ۵ĸ

Ԫ֧ߣǰ23ϣ12ֶǰ16ʹǶ7ΪҪʥݡЩĵĽ⻷ԪĽ˵ûʲôµļء
ǰ23

ǰ23˵:ԸƽʹȫȻʥԸǵӵɱأҮջٵʱȫ޿ָժ!ţھʹͽȻꡣʹȫȻʥζųʥ顢ꡢ塣ˣһȫȻͬIJݹһ顢ꡢ壻ȻҲ֡

ϣ12

ϣ12ͬ֡ٴΰ˷IJݻΪꡣĻܹ͸˵꣬ʿˣ겢һ壬ͬʵĸʵ塣ˣɡע͵й⣬Ϊʥòȷԭʹ(Spirit)(Soul)֮ʥһΪ꡹ϴʡΪ˰Ҫ֣İġˡǰ濯һ൱꾡ı(ҳ49-73)гʥУ(ϣ:ruachϣ:pneuma)(nephesh;psuche)(basar;sarx)(lebhabh;kardia)Լ˼(ϣ:nius)Щϳֲͬļоġ
ֶǰ16

ڸֶǰ16ָͽΪĵһ㱻¡ԣȻָɲݡ˵ʥĻʥԺԺ˿üģҲˡĻС־˼ʥգ˵Ļ·ʱļ˾ܹʥ͸Ѫ͡ͱΪ·ΪǶ̨Ĺ˵סеʥ޷ᣬ޷͸ġԸ˺ӣͨʥ˵ҲˣԽ˵ʶ߹˵ĸܡڴˣͨϡ

ҲΪʥƺǰ23ᵽ˵ɲݵĴӦġ顢ǻꡢ塣رҪΪӳԽԵĴеȱἰǻ꣬Ͳε塣ӴͼֵĽǶʥضӦԽԵĴ

Ƕ7

Ԫ۵֧ôǶ7顢ꡢԴ

ھ˱¼ҮͻõϵijˣǿͳĻˣǵ עӢİ桶ˡ׼(ASV)һõ޶׼棬Ϊ޶׼׼Ϊ living soul(ֱ:)һΪ living being (ֱ:)ⷭδܱҪǿ˼) ʱõϵijΣȻ󽫡ıǿT̳Ϊ˵顣⡸Ӵһ̣Ͳˡˣ˱Ϊ꡹ ꡹ ζȫϣǵδĹ⾰Уȫûвֹ֮ĶֶȴÿġֱȫΪһ壬ǽϵý飬ΪԵɡ˵ص㣬ʹص㡣־ڡ()˳Ϳ԰İţΪһеҲȨԽѹƣԽϲһΪڽȻڸʱǵ齫ȨڻͽѾ븴ϣܹ͸ƹԼڽҲˡ

ڴرᵽڡϣĵġ(hayyim)˫ġעˡ83ҳѡüǿ˫ʣǡʵϣhayyimӦǸΪָϵΪ۵ȡ춡ֱ˫ʵΪ֤ʵһ㣬ѡ﷨͵ζڴ˵ıǿʱ -- עsoulical soulish ݴƺԪ߶׫ġdzӢİ桶ˡPember Stockmayer ׫ soulish ()ʱ˵һλJessie Penn-Lewis £G H Pember ƣϣĵ psychic ΪӢлݴʡ֡ϣζ̫ŨԹ㷺ʹáPembersoulish ֡Stockmay Ҳͬһ -- soulish -- ʾġsoulish soul ݴʣspiritual spirit ݴʡ Ȼ޷Ϊ soulical ݴ׷ݳƵĴԴ˵Ȼߵ÷༴ soulish ָ(磬˶ soulish )soulical ָ롸项෴Ϊ( soulical )Ǵſۡ)Դͷ

ڴ֣ԺľʱͻῴֵҪӰ졣ȣ˵ʱ˵ʥ鲻ͬڶҲбԲ˵ġǷDZģԼʱܵġԼ˵Զڵ飬ȴûС
˵Ԫ

ɣ顢ꡢ壬ͬԲȦ:

˵IJݡ֮Ϊˡ Ϊˡ 崦֮䣬Ϊˡ The Release of the Spirit (˵ij) Ľ̵ʱôͬԲȦͼȻ棬ȴȷ̵˵ԪԲֻһԽԵԪԣȻԽġ䱾ԣȷģΪͬĽҵһλ

ԵϵIJݣеģʹоͶıϵģмǻ꣬ͬʱӵֱԣҲǽߵνӵ㣬ʹܹ˴Ӱ졣

Ȼ֮⣬Ҳ̵һֹԽԵԪԡǷ

鱾ȫеIJݣ嶼Ĺ⾰ܼңˡ½ܼңܼת˷ͷȥڰзǴӹܼҽܽڱϺܼһеˣʵڵˣ

ˣ֮ԽֻΪΪУΪƹ˵ɲݡӦþʱֹܹԵԽΪʲôҪ

Ԫ

ѧ֮Կûг˵ĽṹԼɲβǾ޷ȫԶ䡢壬ԼʥĽ̵޷ѧϵͳ

ɲŵǵʶϡʹ˵ԽӴIJݣ˱Ϊ֪ʶͽʾԼ˸IJݣ˱ΪԼ֪ͨҲʹ֪ôݺ·IJݣ˷dzеرΪ֪

ˣҪݵĽṹ͹ܣDZ˵رԡ

ķ

ϣˡΪһʥѧָ۵Ĵ󲿷ݶʥΪݣҲ龭֤ʵһµȸʥͽľ˵顣ݴˣǿ˵ݹɣ֮˵ܣ༴ġֱͽͨ˵ĹܲȻȴҪܡǽ֯˽ܣκһʱ޷ͬʱߡЩ飬Ϊı޷ġıȻΪ֪ȴǴڵģǾ͸书ʶ䱾ʡ۵˵عʱٴʹʥı
˱Ϊʥ鱻Ϊʥ˵ĹҲӦرΪʥԼֱɷԼָɫ˺ν֮ʾּ⡣͸ֱͽʾԼּ⣬Ƕ֮ڶʩҫ֮Ҳ˾ĵطͬأѵ龴ͨգͽ𱸻ǣԼʮ鷨յɫ֤һ

ֱ

ĸй٣Ҳ⡣ĸйٳΪֱΪһйԵɣֱȴȫûСֱӴ˵ðΪһ˵ûغơġһֱԱۣȫȻ˼ά顢־Ȼʥȴ͸ֱּ⡣ᵽʥжʱָʵʥǵ﹤ʹǵ͸ֱףעܲСôˡסʡdz֡סֻ֪͡ܡ֪˼άֻܡסʥʹǵ顸֪ǵʹǵ˼ԡסӢİԵĴ󣬰ѡסΪknow (ּ֪⡣

ÿһζͻĹΪе˼롢оȣҲеġһǰںʹ־Ϊӡֻеʥ齽()ʱʶֱĸ֪빦ܣҲֻܹ֮¡

ͨ

͸繵ͨ͸繵ָͨͨǾԼ24Ǹ飬԰ı顣չԭ򣺡ͬı֮֮ͨȥδߣ龴,޷ͨͨԶ˼롢顢־Ҳֱ˽֮ͨߵ飬Ҳ˽֮Ӱ֮Ľͨ

ˣֱ뽻֮ͨһdzеĹϵһʶ˲ܾݸֶǰ92ָ֪ʶԽ˵˼롢ǡ顢־ֻ͸ֱʶȻǵֱҪǻʾͨδߵģûֱ޷ʶʥּʾҲ޷ߵȻѾûʥʾԾɴںڰСֻʥʾȴ޷¡ûûи飬ûи飬ûֱʥǻʾûʾ޷ʶˣҲ޷ͨ

ֱ뽻ͨ⣬ĵҪܡǡָǵĴǣڿȱҫʱ򲻰DZƶĻء

Ȼ˵ģͺһⲻʾIJԾ˵IJ˯ˡû˵Ȼ˵Ķģ﷢΢ĹáĽͣΪǵǷֱƶϵĹʱȻֱȫˣϵҲϾˣֱƶ()ȴǿˡˣʥ鿪ʼĹʱҪѡ˯ġڴ˽׶Уľܾȶ˾Զþȡ

ͽʱͬʱѪྻྻ˵ʹֱ·ˣֱDzɷָġĿǷȥΪֱͨĸ￴ΰĹϵһ

ıҮջıѪϴ󣬱øΪܹʥּڳʥĹУdzʥĵһijΪּĴԡͽĽʽ﹤ʱܹһһĶʥдİϵɷ

ȻΨһʥ׼ȴҲΪĿǰʥ̶ȵ׼ģҲΪʥ׼϶߹ĵı׼ԼҼ20˵:ǵǣǵĴ󡣡ȴ֪ʶޡֻܹ֪жϡЩʶģ޷ l)ͽûʶﲢĽͨ2)ǵĵij̶ǹͨ 3)ͽ֪ʶվǵҲӦؼǿ 4)ˣܹȫĵָʾҲӦΪѾȫֻ˵֪ģȫģ5)ڻͽֱƶͬDzܸݱ˵ı׼Ҳǿǵġ֮һdzҪ١Ȼ֪ʶޣȴδʧȥ书ܣǴǽյּ⡣

ķ

ʲôԭ psuche붯ﹲеȻǡʹǻʱʥܵ(zoe)ȫͬǰDZȻģǷDZͳȻġȻȴһġȻΪԴǵˣ㲻ȫۣҲĶӰˡ ͽסֲͬ飺顣¾ԡͬܺЭϡ¾ƹȫˡṩִܵ˿飬Ҳעע⣬֮֡龺ȡƿȨʤͻ־ִȨͻ̽־гͽԣﻹδȥֻʧƣŻģȡͽƿȨ壬ȨʱͳٻūĻ(ˡ256261ҳ))ںȨͽԣȻ۵ľҲ޷ūĻ꣬Ҳıԣڻ޷Ĺ⾰

ˣǿΪΡ˸ڣ־٣ҲѪʵǡҡǵҾǻꡣ־ǺС

ڻҪܪ־˼ -- ֮УȴСΪڴͽճУƺ˼־ݸҪĽɫ˵ȫģˣҲǷdzӵġΪ˰⣬лΪ룺顢оȻеĹܻΪ룬ʵϣȴиֲͬоܺ͡

ǵĸоѪ޷ݣ˼Ʊֲɿij˻δʤ鹤㣬޷޷ʵߵּ⡣ֻеͽʮּܵľشʱвܱ£Ϊ󣬶衣ҪָǵбʮּܴʱǽҪɥʧǡ书ܡɥʧζIJѪ

йܵУΪѵǽĽˣӡķסΪһ˵ķǷϵƷעˡ641ҳʹǼʱĸ˾󣬳ܵʹ֮һDZ뿪ѧʱ÷İˣΪʱδˤ֮ղŽһξУȥͷĸ׵ȥϺ̻Σ֮ȡᣬѡ˺ߡһµʵԼĽ̵ⲢζûиġʥҪ֣СҪǣDZ֪ҪΪ˰ԵʽĹҪǽij˵ĹϵҲõˣ˲ߣǡԶԶԽ˵Ѫ֮

йܵĵڶǵ־ʱǷּ⣬Ѫ롸ҵ йأΪԼԼּϲáĿҪͽһȻУﱾ޲ףƵģҪͬأֻеʮּܴͽܱ֮¡µϣͽܰ

йܵĵǸоͽ棬оʼնǻһݡȻֻдѧϰĻͽӵ˵ġо־ȴ㲻ġ龭ڸоҡڲȫɿˣЩоԼġ̶ȡĻͽԼʵԷdz꡹ΣյǣƶˣαĸоˣоĻͽʹԼƭΣС

Ǹоǡ־¡Ҫ鶨֮һ༴ڸоŵģ־ﱣء־صģɹΪͽһݡ־ʱͲоʹоȴ󡢲ŵƣƶ񤡢ζĸоһ̵־ȴֻǵĸоʱŰõ¡ָʵϣͽʵͽ־еͽûиоʱ־ʲôλǸλͽࡣڿݸʱͽDz

δøоİ£͸־ֱӶʹǵֱɳüǿֻеǵֱȫ־оʱͽܻĵΪĵʵϾǡ־ȫ롸оۡǻͽӦеʽ

˼

˼˼١͸֪˼롢롢䣬Լ⡣ԣԾǵͷԡͷһϵʣ˼ϵʡ

ǵ˼Ҫȫ˱ĻأܺڰȨƵĹʵϣ˼սսҪijDZ˵־ڸֶʮ3-5˵:ΪȻѪ£ȴƾѪսսıѪģǰԹƼ̵ӪݣļıʶЩԸ֮£һŹˣֽеأʹ˳ѡӪݡڹΪ˵˼аħ֮Сʹߣǵ˼ҲδȫĹҪһͽһалɳˣʵѾ˼ϸħ˵زг˼ħزֿܣ

l) δµ˼˼İ֮أˣ˼δ£Ϊĵ̡

2) ˼롣ͽ˼ ˼ʱ޷ֵЩ񱳺а顣

3) ÿͽаĻʱ͸˵ز

4) 顣аܹԼ˼עͽ˼Сһͽܣܹ¾ݵ㡣

5) ˼հסԾ˼а衣հ׵˼алɳˡ

6) ˼ı˼ȴijЩĶа

һħ˵زͽɥʧ˼Ȩոаռݵʧػ˼ȨΨһ;

˶ԣȻܾ˼ΪʾҪܵȴܲΪʾĴҪܵǵ˼鶼ǡ֪ʶĹܵǰΪʽ֪Ĺ֪ܵĹܵҪȫּ⣬˼ʹܹ֪˼ʹڵܹסɴ˿ɼ˳У˼֡

־

־ȫ˵Ҫݡǵк˼Ϊ롣ʵϣǵΪҪ͵ģ

ȫ˼ǵ־תģ־ȫIJݡǸ߹ҲǷ־Ĺ֮¡鲻ԴȫˣΪ鲻ͨIJݡҲԴȫˣΪ罻ͨIJݡǣ־DZҵ̬ȡ״εģԣģԴȫ˵ġ
ǵ־ȫ˲ͱԸĹܵ˵ʵҡˣͽ׷ʱܺݡ
ԣڽ̡Ǹ綨ҲǸ(˼)綨ڽ̾˵־˳ּ⡣˺־ڽ̣һ֧˵־ûаһ־ˣܹԼѡ񣬲йľԸ˵־Ҳûл˵ͬ´۶κβݡ˻ʱѭԭֱ˴˶־һʥõּ⣬һۻ෴ּ⡣ʱ־ѡ־־ūȶ˴־񣬲µˡ

Ľ̵ͽ裺

жһϣһ־ϡϵϣʱ򣬽ԼνʥţǴӽ֮Ҳνʥšϣ˼ֻһġǣһģ־ԣ滹־ϡ־ϵ˼ֻһ(˼)־ǻϵģDzġǣǴʱֻר˵־ϣΪǷΧ֮ģȻģΪǣ־еѣΪ־Լġ

ĽһΪָ־ĽϼҲԶԷˣԤ֮䲻ڽս

ǵ˸δַǵ־ҪǾ־ͬҪǾԻԾ־ͬаDZ־ͽ־ڱ״ʱаռ

ˣͽԭ򣬶ΪǣڷͽУҪԭһ֮[

ˣа鹤ԭʼһÿ˵־ʱͿʼڣDZйԭ

()ҪͽԼ־ʹȫеıܣͬԱʥ()аҪͽ־ȫбܵȫֲԱ乤

ǼΪҪģDZŪDzܴոȥʧأѭּ⡣ǵ־ȫּһʱǵͻﵽ۷䡣

ķ

ǵҪ¡ǿǵҲͬҪºǿܳΪȫˡȻѱ˵־ȴ˵Сǵ塸ް10)⣬ǽ¡ͽ嶼ģȴǻġԣǿһll˵ȻҮմ︴ߵסǽл︴סǽлҮմ︴ģҲؽסʥ飬ʹDZֻڹھģסʥ飬͸DZ塣ζ l)ǵëҪʹǸԭ2)ûëģҪDzʲôë

ͽһձĴΪҮֻûͬʱļͽĸҮҽ񼣡dzҮյҽļǣȴҮսֻҽԵļǿϽԼԵļиҽΣǣȴΪļʵģԼӦѰҽεġšҽΡ˺ܳƪۡ

עǿΪԼķ첡ҽεĸ˾ڡˡᵽҾͶдķֱƪͻϰƪһʱͣˣȻкüԵʣ⻹ĺ٣ȻеһʵⲻңΪҪܲ߶дͣٲдԵʣΪидУвٵطڵδȫھ֤ʵдȥȻҪļֵԸǰѧϰ֤ʵ(ͬ飬8ҳ)ָѸʥֵ÷ЧľԻʹ֮ΪԵĽģʽͽ[ӹͬ··(Ϻ:鷿,1950)]ѧʱϸ۵㡣)

͸ǵ磬Ҳ硣ûûмҲûԼԴζϽ͡

ͽġΪһ̷ֹܽĸǸֶǰʮһ30-32:ˣмкЩ뻼ģҲ١ȷֱԼͲʱDZΣǺһͬΪǣʡ죬ʹǰǡһڸģͲٳͷǣҲܹ⻼

ֱӴȻռĽǶȶԣٵͽϣ⡣Ѻ澳(һ)ٵǣΪҪ֪Լʵ״ʱǾ֪Լжѭּ⣬ҲԼжԼԼ˼֮⣬޵ģ԰ġʱǻόصѰҽΡ԰ǰӦȳеĶС

ȻûзҽҩļֵҲҽε;֮һȴΪҽѪģҲΪŮṩ;ʹҩҽΣǿ˵ĴпҽΣǿҮյĹͺˣҩҽõ洦뾭ҽ֮£ֱΪǵȴҽΣ˵ҽҩʱǵľͻƽʱǿĹϵҲ¡ȻҲDzҪ߼ˡȫſʱҲʹȻķʽǵ塣ΪָʾĦһƵʾáƷעָIJǡҩҽμǡƷʹǿ׳) ûſ񱳵ۡ

ĽҲĽ֮䣬ĻȨȻҪĶŮֽʤûʤǵʤDzȫġӦǻͽĿ꣬硸ĿһҲĿǰľ

ƽ룬ΪʤˣԣʲôعˡȻǾͲھ˵ĵʤȻûиǾûеʤĸݡ˼Ҫǰʤһʵڵ£Żʵʤϵ

гǿʤ;

1) Źδ֮ǰDzģ

2ĶѾȥԣĻҲʲôǿµģ

3) Żȫ졣

˵DzšȻǾ -- ǵ -- ȴţΪʥǵȻܻȴһָǻʱͽ¼

еܽſĻDzܹż档


ڶ ۣӦþ

ԵǷdzҪġȻһЩ˽⸣ɻͽʹõľʣ磺塢ʥȣȴЩעµĺ壬ԷԪۡѧУռĵĵλȷ˵ռĵĵλȻȻǴ˵ԿԡѧΪעҪ˵мڻΪdzɾ͵ģӦôԼӦóΪˣӦӦΪġռػγΪˡĿ궨ѧ̡Ľ·ԵġγΪˡԼˡӦΪѧоĽ㡣⹹Ӧþۡ

ûаһ־͸ǡˣоԵѡǷҪ˳ֹǵǷֱƶϵĹ֮ǰӦ԰κϵĹӣᵽʵ:ĿģҪǵĹ𣿡ǵϵĹӣͻ˵Ļ꣬ȫıˡ˵彫˱Ϊ壬ӵСΪˡ

ϧ˵ĻѡǷֱƶϵĹӣĹӡϵҪջȻ̽Ļ꣬鱳ҲǴ6:Ů˼ǿĹӺʳҲ˵Ŀǿϲģʹǻۣժ¹ˣָɷɷҲˡ̽ʱ޵־µĽۣl) ǡӺʳǡ޵ȶģ2) ǹӡҲĿǡĿͻ궼ˣ3) ǷֱƶǿϲģʹǻۡǡĽʾ޵־Ѿƭˡǵȴ޲һ˼Ȼѣʹͽ˵:ҲǵգŮ˱գ(ǰ14)Ȼǵȴǹӡ˾Ǹ£Ϊ޹Լǵⷸ

Ԫ۹۵ʹţ͸ͬ;̽ǵ޵Ŀġǵж־޵ķӣ˼־̽ʱѭһԭ򣺴⵽ڣԭȴպ෴ڵ⡣ԭȻȫĿȴͬ˵־˵־ȴҪ־ʹгּ⡣־ǡ˸Ļأ˱־IJݣ˵ˡˣǿΪΰѡΪ:־޳̽ˣ˷ʱʵҲ־(꡵ڷ

Ϊǵʱﲻֻ棬˵ζ˱ΪȻлDZܣȴδáֻеʱܴﵽ߾˶ġһ棬ֱƶζҪĶȡ֪ʶˣ桹͡˺ʥͽԭ

Ժ顢ꡢ֮Ĺϵ

顢ꡢɡΪɲ֮綨һֹԵĹϵֹԵĹϵЩɲݵԽԽ׼⡣ʵϣԽԵĹ֧Զ䡢ʥҲ֧˹顢ꡢ֮ĹϵļժҪԱһ㣺

ȫǷΪµģ顢ꡢ塣˼ԭҪϣꡣ˱֮ͳ»ꡣ˱֮µˡǴӡΡΡӡΡΡ䣬Ȩǿ

Դ֮ǵܻѹơʹǡ֯һ𡹡עˡ124ҳ鳤ڻ꽫¡塹Ӧþ۵һص㡣һdzϣ12ڹͣʹĻָ֮˵ꡣ̽ͷʱϸ֯롸ָĹ۶쵼λ֮˾¡ȻҲѰʶ񣬲ڽ̣Ȼȴֻǻƾһ֮֮£ʥʾ겻ֻԼָ¡ˡߡֱ֣ūʱͷ⣬ҪҲͬʱΪƹ˻֮󣬾͸Լа˽ʱ鱻ƣơ׷ףʵ͸Ȩ

ǵʵѾȥ𲽴꣬ٵ塣ˣǵʱȾΪĽͨжˡһֹϵ˵ڶȻڣȴʧȥͨıܡԣġϻԾֱգҫسϡ

DZ

ע׫дһӢԴΪ(The Latent Power of the Soul)DZDZ(Ϊһ°)ָд꡶ˡ󣬱뼴׫дⱾЩ£ȻæЩ³һǰ(ָдԵǰһ꣬һ)ų棬ڸ־дⱾʱ Jessie Penn-Lewis Soul and Spirit [ Overcomer й 롸ר]ܴӰ졣ϴ Penn-Lewisرиӵйء͡רġPenn-Lewisܵ G.H.Pember Ӱ졣ȻֵעǣȻ Penn-LewisӰ죬ȴܹΪ޴ṩߴĽͣPenn-Lewis δܰ쵽ġ)

ǵʱӵо޴Լǰ򱶣Ϊǵܹһ棬ȫأǽ޷ƾ쵽ġǵԣЩȻģdzȻǵ֮ӵֳΪǰʽġδѡʽڹΪϵơڹΪ¼鷽񡣡ָζšˣҪ˱ĿҲҪǵܹǵһDZܣʹܹϽһ͵

ǵѾ񣬵ǣڵϣ(¶ָһ֮ϵģָ˵ĺƷ˵)Ҫdz֮ϵģ

Ȼδڴ˴ط͡񡹵ȷ˼ȴܹ൱϶ۣᷴڹһע޷ȷϸ衸񡹺͡ʽľȷ塣ȻָϣУʽָIJϵԡһȴ˵ѾˡָIJǡϵơʲôļƻʤߡ۵˵ıʱָ
ǻǵˣǵջ졣һ¶ʮڣļƻһ¶ʮ߽ڣִСһ26ǡǡƻһ27ա졣26ƻ27ӵˡУֻǵŻģǵǻԤ(14)Ȼأڻˣȡ˵ʽҲһλûеΨһʽ)ˣڴ˵ġֻ񡹺͡˰ӵ졹Ȼڹ;ǣڹΪԡ񡹺͡ʽڹͳİءڸôָǰ 1) 2)ʽġⶼ(ר)ָ˵ġ˵ڵϵĴʽ˵ˡҲġ(ͽʮ28)ڵ˼ƵĵطʶȻ(Latent Power Ȿ)еᄈۡ˵DZˣǸǰ֤ۣ۵񡹻ʱָǡȻΪ˵

˵ô춯صǵĻǵĻĻDz˼ġȻġ

ǵʧȥڵʧȥָIJʧǡһ򡸲ǵĺ()ԣǵͱΪһ֡DZ彫˵档ħڽ죬Ҫ˵Ļ꣬˵ĻDZƭˣ˽

ȶ

۵һ۵ĿʱʹõĶһ㸣ͽۣ塢ʥȷݵȡЩϸĽ̵ȻԪۼܹDzֵӰȴŵġ磬ΪʥֲͬľȶעWatchman Nee, Gospel Dialogue 1975 ֲͬľȶǣa) ǰԶĵþȣb) ǰĵþȣc) ĵþȣ d) еĵþȣe) ĵþȣĵþȡȻӡȶΪ⣬עע⣬Ϊǵ(sins)Ϊǵ(sin)رǿ븴֮֡ġѪ͡ʮּܡйءڵ½ϸһ㡣ԼͺáȻһþȵķڽеġƻ顢ꡢԽ򣬾ȶָˣľ۽̵Ҳ顢ꡢ֡

Ϊָ˵项עˡ137ҳĽ̵ָʱܵǡ⣬ҲΪ˵ʥֵġ̵ֽΣһġߺͱ֮֡) ҮΪʱ漴ǻͽ㡣ȫȴδ졣硸һӲʱȫģǻġ

ǰ˵ڲĻġҡа˽ĿơȻʥƿ˵飬ȨܹҲŤתˣص״̬ȴָֻʹ˻ָǵǰĹ⾰ǵʱܵġ项ǡ项Ⲣǡˣǵ֮ûСϵĹϵΪӡΪʹһǡġ(·38)ͽǡġ(Լһ12-13)ܵǵûеġˣͽĵλǵߡ

漰ֻ˵飬޹ء춡ľ(Լ6)ˣߺδߵͬǰܻġ˿δӰʹǨơʱǵġҲδ𣬶ǵ档ˣһλס飺ıԡȫ෴ȫͬԴ鹲ڻͽ棬ֹݵսע飬˻ͽϾһֵַս̵ֽ⡣(B B Warfield)⿭˵ijʥʱΪֹ۵⣬ָֹ۵ͽȫʥ(perfectionism)ڵ½ϸ㡣Ϊȫʥһ̵Ķ塣ȫʥΪºڽ̵ȫȫֻӦ׷Ŀ꣬ǽܹʵֵġȫʥкüʽͽȫʥ۵Ҫᳫѭڡ˹־ȫͻͽȫ˹Ѻ߶Ϊⷸɣ༴Υ֪ijɷ˹ԣʹǼ̻ȫʥļ֤ȷϡݻ£ȫʥ۵һǿԿ˵ġʤͽ˶߲ͬ˹ʥۣΪͽδţֻDZĵʤˡһֵϵĸı䣬ǵȷǵ档ֻǾ֮㣬յ㡣Ȼֻеһʱܾͽijɳͽ

ָʥ˼l) ûģԼ 2) ġȫġ˼깤ͬ -- ༴ıѪ͵صĸ -- ǰӦﰸעڴ˰ѡ(sins)롸(sin)֡ѪȥʮּȴǷĸԴ(ͽPP.4-5)) ҮջıѪ˽ﰸýǿҮյġѪﰸȻȴǾȶȫԱǰΪһɵˡʹǵ޷ǰҲδ塣ֻ͸ҮյĸDzܱΪˡ

ҮյѪܡȣǰΪ⡹ڶѪϴǵġЩܹ˳棬༴屦Ѫ塣Ҳ͸Үջĸ塣ΪϽ͵

︴ͰָǡģġDz᷸ģ񿴼ʱͿġdzĻ棬༴͸塣͸档۶ԣĸʹܡ͹۶ԣǰ˱Ϊڻǰһµλһ岻ֻȥǵʹ¶ǰʱлΪǵ塣

ʥ

ϵijʥ̵һ㸣ɹ۵в졣ȸݾԼԼѡʥΪֱһˡͽЩΪֱˣΪѾҮջıѪˡDZΪʥͽݵǹ壬Ȼʥȴ޹أΪֱйأΪҪʹǵԼΪʥģԣʥ࣬û˵üΪͽڻʥǰ

ƺѳͳʥΪһ̸˵:ÿһͽʱֻ⣬óΪ壬ǰdzʥˡʥ֮ƺûв졣ΪΪʥݡѡʥ롸ʥĹӡָֿ:ϵĹзֱģǹӡʥͳʥĹзֱġڳʥĹٻһʥĵλעⱻΪλϵijʥ˳ʥ۵һǡеijʥ༴ճлһʽݡ(J Robertson McQuilkin, The Keswick Perspective,in Five Views on Sanctification, Melvin E Dieter et al Grang Rapids: The Zondervan Publishing House, pp 158 - 160ʥĵλ֮DZĸΪʥ࣬˵ǰһ15̵:ǵļʥ࣬һеҲҪʥࡣֶԪֻǿ˵ijͬʱѾʥҲδʥѾʥΪʱͬʱ£δʥĹӣӴ˽Ƕδʥ

ԳʥǡȻɾ͵۵עȻʥJָͬʱ£ϱҲһ㣬ΪˡȻʥĹϾ̵ijʥĵһݣƺԡʥĹӡ֡ȻʥĽ̵֮)ǴġΪDZÿսʥĹӡǽʽġΪһ㸣ͽ̵ijʥΪڻΪ籣:ֻҪΪĸơ(һ27)ȴָʥֻǺΪʥĹӲֻǵΪ⣬Ҳھ׽ͨ⡣

Գʥ⣬ijʥĹӣҪǣijʥĶ壺Ϊλʥ߷ֱΪʥ

ȶȷ

صָĻעԽ̵ȶȷݵľİˣͽʮ38-39ԼҼ9-13Լ47ֺ2Լ1624ȡ)ʵԼľ깤ΪȶȷݡһˡԸſҮջʮּĹʱ͵þȡ⣬ĻDZ֤ʲôʱſʲôʱþȣûɻԼľȶǻɣʵ͵ƭӡſ˵ǣ˵ѾõѾþȣˣܹ˵ѾþȡƲԿ䣬Ƿӳǵ -- ༴dz˵ĻΪϲõġǵľȶϣDZſĻ

κԼԼŬ׬ȡϲõ˽޷þȶȷݡȶǿԼDzֻ˵ԼѾþȣȫҲûܹ˵Ҳûκ˻þȡָо̫ˣ˲ǾȶĿɿָꡣԼĸоֻ˵ĸоӦóΪǵþȵ׼ʵϣǵҲ޷ǵþȵȷݡΪǵʵģĶʵΨһǵĶ䣬ˣżʧܣʧܲӦóΪǻԼǷþȵɡΪҮոǵԶ


ͽԶþȵı

ijЩͽرǸĸͽԡʥͽ̡Ŀ۴˿⣬ĿƺⷽĽ̵ʥͽ̵̡ǣͽļڼ̵ľġȻÿλͽ̣Ϊصڡأͽ̡˽̵ľڡж̵ġͽԶþȵıϡص㲻ڡжǡ״̬ΪͽǡȷԶþȵıϡۡʱһд˿⡣˵:

˴ԺϵĹϵġΣһαͲ˵δһˣ䳤ȡϵλҮΪõģĽ飬ʥõġ͸ˣλԶûĿܡ

޷Ťתġ֮ϵ(birth bond)ȷͽԻԶþȵıϡ

۵ϣ4-8ʱѶעϣ⣺

ϣǡҽ˫ģһͽӦڶ̵˵Ӧ

ϣ⣬ԣϣ1-8ǽþȵ⣬ǽ⡣Ͻһ㣬ָЩѾ˹աζʥзݣƵζȨܵˡܡ°ûڡǸûڡ(6)ָʵһʱġİûڡ޷¾ˡûڡ޷Ρ8ڵġָǡҫ֮⡣ڹ޷ݵġDZµ8ڵġJ͸ֶǰ15һָĻҪˡеĹˡˣǿϣ龭ڹΪ̵Ӷʧ䡹ĿԣʵϣĽ̵ּ;ЩѾȴδ뿪·ġͽǼǰ

ϵ

ѧռĿڽһˡĻͽĻͽϰʮּܺʥĹΪͬΪھȶİŷ棬ʮּܵĹġԴǵʥĹǻġԻʮּʹͽܳΪˣʥʹͽʵϳΪˡˣ项ʵָǡʥ项

ָһŪǣǵĿ겻ҪΪһ飬dzΪˡΪ˲ָdzΪûлˡΪ˵˼һǷĹΡʥǵ飬ʹǵƹֻеǵʥʱǵʹӣ˳ΪʥĹܵͨˡ

˵ʲôϵĴŨڴУǸо־ṩĴԵǵ־ʵϾǵġҡָ߻أˣµ־ҪġĿIJҪǵл˼ǵ־־һߵĻأˣ־þʱIJݣ˼УҲͬʱþȡھȶȫں˵־ּĽϡֵһǣ˵־־˲ϢнϡһĹ̡صǽ˵

Ϊǵ־ҪIJ֣ԣ֮󣬾һһѰǵ־ּϡ־δȫϣ˵ȶδȫɹ

˵־־ȫϴ۷塣

ڣDZ̽ԳΪΪĿġʽȶľʲô

˵ij

ڻͽУǿԱϳֲͬΣ

һơܼܰΧܳˣһϴͨһ·ܳˡעһ˵ijһʮϢһϵеϢҲʹ븣ݽ̻ͺ֮ǰý̻ijЩ˵ͣĽ̻Ϊʱ漰ҩ˾⡣ǵԺ󣬻곤ܵѹƣ()()ѹƵľ档ˣǰ˵鱻ΧֱĹȫ꡸޷֡ԺͽԱֽֿˡ

ƿˣͷ˵ĿҪͽ·޷Ŀƣͽ裬ʹ˳ߵˣֻĶԸ()ʹǰһõˡ

ϵĽ̵һĹ̡еϣĹܹǣеϣܹʮꡢʮûáķʽͻȻ飬ȻһḶ߽́˴תִʮּܡʮּˣѿʮּҿİڵһУǵ취԰

˱ʲͬҪ˺˲סˣʥ鲢ûмˣʹܹƳˣڵˣΪǵı֤ͬǣΪ˵ķʽ£ǸԼΪ˵ķʽȻֻеǽԼȫ׸ʥʱɹ

ԼǡԸ⽫ԼСȻԼDZģƾԼȴ޷ﵽĿġַˣʥĹκ͸ʾɱǰǡͽڻǰijֵ˲١ָŵڵĻͷϵ£ΪҪڵˣָʾעʹõʾһ㸣ͽĹ߳÷һ˵ʾ˼ʥ͸ͽָijµʵʹijضǽڵ¸ϵʾۡεػںڰУ޷ϳĹˣڵ˲û顣Ȼһ¶򱻹ҫǾܿ®ɽĿʥʾʱǾͱˡʱʥ߼ʩͬʱʹַʱȴ߽ʹá

ȴԴٳһˡѾڱ֧䣬Ǿ壬ˣָ񲻵ҪˣҲҪ˲ˣҪʹֿܹҪǴ飬Ǵ顣ʹֿĻָϣ1213н

˼ռĿΪܹһҪǣڴ˼ƣû˼Ҫǵֿע顷14ҳ˵ʥ޷ֱĽ̵֮һζԶصڣΣ˴뱻֮𡣣ʥǵȻͬȻصƣʵϣ֮޷ֵġʵϣζšijȥ˵ȥҲʥijȥʵϣʥĹ˵顣鹤ʱҪ˵ȥ硣Ƶĵǽŵߵġ

Щʾ͹εļǺţ༴׵͡ǹִӲͽ෴ľηıָ͡IJǡ˼ϵӣӣҲǵӣҵһκӴ

ҪΪˣDZȾ˵顣Ȼֿߵ·

ĵþ

̵ġĵþȡǸĸijЩĺԼĵڹͣа̫ʮ24-28עİɰ31-38·ʮ26-37ʮ15-21ʮ25-35ʮһ5-10̫ʮ34-39Լʮ25ʮ38-39һ17-21ǰһ3-9ll2517-19˺һ10-11Լʱ۵ķʽ͹ȵĹ۵㡣ȣDZףһЩбΪϣ psuche صһɽ֮Ϊ꡹⣬ڲ˵һҪʱԪۼܹʱѧ

˾ͽֹ⾰ͬأڡĵþȡ棬ҲСͽһἺʮּܵģһDzἺϱʮּܵġָЩ̵ֻ漰ͽΪҮЩжͽҲѵþ˵⣬ֻл˲ܹʮּܡǿ϶ʵþҲΪδȻ£ջʧȥδĵþȼΪҪ

ĵþȡָǣһλͽΪԵʽʧȥĻĻ꽫ʱþȡþȣʹǻûһϯλǽաʧȥ꡹Ľʹڹһϯλþȣǽһ͡þȣһʹ͡ʱҪõһʹ͡ǰǵģǵΪ

ĵþȡЩԸⱳʮּܺΪܿõʹ͡Ͻ͵ʮּܣǼѡּ⡣ֻеԸһǵĻõģŷǵȨԼԱܹʮּܼΪܿ࣬ǵĻܡþȡǵĻþˣôصʱǾܺһǧص꣺ǰú͵ǰ˼ѡڣǰѹȺڻǰû˼ѡ

˾ǡʧȥĻ꡹ˣΪʹĻڻʱþȡ

ŵʿ()ĸ

עϣNous ϣԼ˶ʮĴΡڴ󲿷УΪġʱҲΪ˼롢Եȡϱϲϣֵ룬ŵʿ Nous ģˣǽʹ롣Եĸ¡(̨̨帣߷1985),5-7ҳ

˲ֻһξŵʿĸ£ǼϾĸ¡ϴԪۼܹŵʿ

Լ˵ŵʿʲôأǿɴͷԣָԡŵʿָԡֱָԡʷģͳ֮ΪͷԣǷģͳ֮ΪŵʿҲ˵ŵʿ˼Ȼ˼һ󲿷ŵʿ

ϣԺ˼ĵһݡָԼԻ˼ɡˣġеӴߴʱµһģŵʿܻδ¡ȷ𣺵þʧɥߡδߣͬأͽҲȷŵʿ߼ŵʿδߡ6ڻѾȥˣˣ͵λ϶ԣǿ˵ǵԺ˼Ѿø¡ȻΪԸ22-23ȥDZƾ־ﵽġ6ᵽʮּɾ͵Ŀ͹ʵǿ͸ʵֵġԸľᵽͽ۵ľȥ͸־ɡǹģ־ȥˣDzɹġˣÿһλͽŵʿĸ¡ƣͽԣǵȻµģŵʿȴµġǵŵʿ˵ŵʿһ

Ҫŵʿǵŵʿͱÿ񳨿ŵʿĹܰ˼͹۲ŵʿǷյģҲǷյģΪ޷͸ŵʿĹСûи£ŵʿĹܾܵ𺦡һÿճĹ̡δµŵʿĻءȻµŵʿȴIJĹܹش͸ȥһλҪһֱּһ£ŵʿͱÿձ£ÿϴһ

Ļ

ۺͽ̻ۣҪĽ̵ǻۡƣʵġ˽Ǿ޷֪ΪԼǵľȶǵ¹µļƻռԣ޷档

һδ̫ʱڴ˿ѧĦܿijЩۣ߳磺˶ԡĵһλ񡢸˵硵۵ȡЩⲢδֱӰͽⲻζھ۵ĿȫּĬġÿϴ۵ЩʱʵʵĻͽصIJ̽֡

ӻΪ졢Լ˵¹һġʵġлǸġݶԣҮĶӡļƻУѾΪĻˣֻһĿģҪԻҫ

ϰѻΪԡָİأشδ¶ʾʱDz֪ġġϴӻҪָԣl) ļƻλ2) кĴϾλ3) λ4) ھȶλ5) ڻ˵ĹϢλԼ6) ڻͽϢλ

ǰ񼺾һƻļƻҪﶼڻ϶ΪһĶӻƹСˣѾサ(Լʮ3)

ˣƻ͸ʥִĶͬļƻʱĶӾͳġǽŻġ˱Ҫӵҫ͸Լ͸ԼĶзݡبĶӣڻĶŮˣģλDZΪǵȻ˻֮ǾǻעָͽΪӵлǡ˵ٴΣͱ֡ȻDZעǣָһҪǣϲûʹʡʵϣָΪĶŮǵȷӵ飩ȺԵĻ̻ᡣҲǿȶԣڴǰѾɱ(ʮ8)ǵѾд(ʮ8)Ѿ˼ѡ(ϣ3)ԼĹѾԤ(̫ʮ34)

ΪеԪڻ͸(9-11)

ļƻֻһĿġĿȴ棬༴l) ʹԳҫлϾλԼ 2) ʹлͻҫȻļƻȴƻˣ͸ľļƻľɾͣǻģġڻľУʹͺã͸͸ǡĽǶѺ˷⡣ĿľûڷϾλģDZȽڻﶼҪ˳

Ϊͽܵǻˣ˻⣬һСDz͡ġֻҪΪ͡ᡢĵȡռĿҪû͸ǻҡĽԼиϻԼҽŻţǻš(Ӷ20)ǻͽľУҲӦþλǵǿ࣬Ӧþλ

󣬻ǵ¹ϢоλϰԸ10ΪƵĹѡƵĹڹΪĿǻˣΪͽǣʲôְҵڡƹ֮СֻеԻΪĿijʱ⹤Ƕ·Ҳͳ˵¹⣬ڻƻģʮּģˣǵĵϢӦǻǡʱԤԡԤȡܽɡ˵ԡذϢաʥȡָһģʥҲһģľǻӦóΪϢġȻҪΪǵģDZûеСϾλΪDZϢ

λ

еҷòǧ˿⡣עGospel Dialogue ,pp.37-39. ʴ¼ڻشΪʲôľ귨Ҫͬʱ񣿡ʱ̵۵˶ԡʵǡΪʲôǡΣƪϢҲᵽ˿⡣߶¼ڡĻͽΪΪˡĽ(69-87ҳ)ͯŮӵĿ(69-74ҳ)ΪлеڻʱĽ(ll8-9ҳ)һλδָѧңԼ̫ĻףƻͯŮʵӦñΪʷʵӦûѧĿڡΪγΪˣϴӹĽǶش⡣ľƻУDzģΪǷģDZġδδǣеĵߡΨеͬʱʱΪ塣Ȼ񣬾Ͳǵߡ⣬ҲֻΪ񣬲ΪDZģˡ67˵ǵʱе׼޲¡ЩġԣҪǵͱĿͱͬʱ˲

ڻˡڻĺһʵˡһʹ˵ĺһΪܡһǡڻҮɾ͵ġ

Ĺ

ϲûѧһֵ̽лְݺ͹֮档磬˰ѻְݷΪ֪˾;ְݣϵȴûᵽһ㡣Ҳûбϵͳѧϲ۵ĸۡҲûжԼֵ̽Ŀȵǿۻʱ˺ܴƪľ֮ʮּܺͱѪ͸ʵϣϵĻ۵Ĵ󲿷ݻĸ棬ΪϵĻ۵Ĵ󲿷Ҳĸ档ۼĸʱ϶֮ͽľϹϵͽĽǶĹ֮ҪԺͺ壬ϵı׼ͽ洦

Ĺ

ͬвͬ·ʽҲˡµķʽʥıԡķʥķˣ˷ʱһάȵѾ档һ棬ǰҪˣһ棬ҲǹģҪǵʵϣΪһλߣִߡһ棬ȥ̷ΥĹ塣Ϊˣһ취ʹܹǵֱĹ塣dz壬ˡԼκܹ⡣ʮּҵѵķʮּϣԼĶӴ͸ǣΪʮּΪǻۡ͸ʮּܣɷҪˡʮּʱɹ塣ǵIJԼ壬Ҳǻ壬塣Ϊӹ̷ΪòǵΪҮѾΪǺǵʮּϡ

˱˭ʲô۵һйĿ⡣ϾܾͳĽ̵ָ˱ħħơǣʵȷʵˣ⽫ζͬDzħ֮ǺϷġ˵һ㣺ҮոıѪۣħգͺС͵ۣС͵Ƕ͵ߵ⡸Ǿ˵һħǺϷˡҲͬDZֵ˵ΪĨİϷԵһ۵߼ʵô˭أ˵ֹôأҲDZΪôҲָܽۡΨһĽڼ̫13aΪ磬ɷ硣ˣ˴˽ۣʵϲDZɷɷ磬֮ɷĺΪҮѪɷҪ󣬾ɷ硣

һDZעҲΪҪģǣᵽʱֲͬ壬༴l) 壻2) 壻3) Ϊ壻Լ 4) ǵ塣(21-26)ָıʡָĹ塣ǵ塣ΪܾôˣȻôΪ񣬵ʮּϵѾǵծʱ׷֡

(˺һ1)ǻԼĹ壬Ҳ֮ԡʸԡָǡΪ˵ĺΪǻ˵ڵϵ¡ҲָɷʹΪĹ塣עע⣬ƺͬڸĸѧ̵Ļġ˳ɷ(preceptive)˳ȻһIJ졣ڸĸڵĽ̵Уԡ򡸶ɷ˳ָǻȫ˳ɷ档⣬͸ֶɷ˳ʹɷǰ㵽Щſ˵ϡɷ̷˳ΪĸݣǡȻͬɷȴȻзڴ塣Լģ뱻ֱӹϵ϶Ȼͽзڻ塣ԼġʹΪǵľֻǵľȶһּӵĿϵ

ָǻĺΪΪ(ǰһ30)ָȴָԼϽ͵Ϊ˼ǣѻǣлΪǵ塣ˣǰʱлΪǵ塣ԣǡҮջ(ʮ14)Үյ塣

ǵ(ʮ8)ָDZĺΪǣΪԼȻŬijɹʥ湤ijɹ¶ڻ̨ǰʱе(ֺ10ǰ5)

(sin)(sins)֮

ֻ̽ľ֮ʵЧӦ֮ǰDZʶ()()ֱ֮֡Ӱ϶ԱѪʮּԼ͸Ľ͡Ҳܹٴμ֤ϵԹӰĻۡ

꾡ѰԼг harmatia ()ԵֵľġϾݴۣȻҪڡ롸֮Ҫ֡עGospel Dialogue ,p22. ¼һڵHelsingor ĹѧУʮƪϢ߳󣬳˻鼮еij֮һⱾ鼸ǽӢĻͽ״νӴѧʱĶⱾʵһµĽ⾭Ϊһ»ϿԷΪݡΪ޴ һlll dz⣬Ҳ⣻ڶݣ༴1239 ֵ̽dzʥĿ⣬Ҳ⡣Ľ⾭Уصѭѧ·ߣҲȻӰ졣ָǸУǰĸΪϵ˼

l) ָϽ

2) Ϊϴʣʱָ⡣

ΪǵΪǵΪһԭһйԣʹǷġ֮ǵľͬʮּܣԾǵľ˱ǻɾ͡ʵ(͹)жȻԱս۵ľн͹۵ʵʹԼ־־ǽϸ̽ĹؼֶԻľ֮Ӱ졣

ıѪ

ָıѪֹЧһֶһֶˡһֶϼƻıѪҪΪġǹʥߣҪһ˵ѪУˣҪѪǵδʮll˵ΪѪСҰѪ͸ǣ̳ΪǵѪıѪҪ񿴼ҪѪҮջıѪȫĹ塣ǧǿģ˵ѪϴָǰġѪǰྻǵǺ޲ġȻǰɽྻǡϴͷ֮ѪΪϴ顣ǽԺ۵ʮּܵĹıѪҲ书ЧǣڻѪˣѪʱζࡢȫѱǰǶԣıѪҲһֶ˷ĹЧ˵

ѪҲʹ㡣Ѫĵڶֵ˵ģǾྻǵġ

Ľ̵ıѪ˵ĹЧ档ȣͷѪֹֻڽྻǵģDzپڶıѪȥ֮ļҺ֮˼һпģʲôʱҪ׽Ҿ;ÿǷѪʹǻָǰĵλ(13)dz׽ݡ

ıѪ֮ЧֹЧҲ档ڵһΪĴ˾ܹԼıѪ⡸ظǵֵġʹԶ(ʮ10)ˣǽܹʤΪûΪ[汦Ѫ]ʱѾбĵλøʹڵ޷Ϊ˱绤лѪȥָ֮񣻺֮˵ĹϵվһĵλΪһߣη塣ڶʱѾѪˣͷβػϵĽͷdzرǵ֮ʱʹǵĻ˻֮ﶾѪġ˵ѪһһˣЩǵĺᶼﶾʮּʱһеѪˡˣʱ塢Ǻ⣬ΨûѪԣڻжѪѾȥˣʹûй֮ˡ

ʮּ

ע The Normal Christian Life ıKinnear (ֶ) , עصԡʮּܡʵ÷ָʹô˴ʵķһе÷ͬһϣʮּܱΪšȣҮԼʷ͸ᡢɾ͵֮(89)ڶԣͽ͸(456)Ȼʹô˴ʽΪ˼ᵽʮּʱָͬ(identification)۵֮Բ档ֶΪⷽĽ̵ṩȻDZ˽ǣⱾ⣬ûһµʹô˴ʡ磬ڡӡ1:7-18ᵽʮּܡʱָIJͬIJ棬ǾȫرǴԵIJ档

ǵ硣һֻٵˡǿֱĻ˾Ϊ͸ˡ֮˵顢ꡢ嶼͸߱ڷСһԡˣ˵ԱȥֻԲܹΪˣȡԣΪСʮּϣΪ顢ꡢɲݳ̷ҲΪԭǽ巸ˣ֡šͷԺġ౻̷ԾĻءܾûҩϵľƣΪ̷Ҳ޴򣬲ʮּ˼ΪʮּһDZӵū飬ҲͨIJݣֿ֮ࡣʮּϣ˵顢ꡢܵСҲʮּ˵Ϊǵ顢ꡢ̷ʮּҲͷҮջ֮͸Ըܵˡ

ѪĹҪΪ񣬶ʮּܵĹҪΪˡѪڿ͹۷ԸǵСʮּܡԸԡΪıѪǵ⣬Ϊʮּ˾˵⡣һҪǣѪĹʮּܵĹDzɻġ޷ʮּܳȥǵѪҲ޷ྻǵ塣ʮּܴá֤̫24˵:Ѿа˽ͬʮּˡ屻ʹǡͷţ֮¡6ǵı֤Ϊ֪ǵľ˺ͬʮּܣʹDzū͡

ʮּܵĹ˵ʵҲӰ졣ȣ˱ʶĽǶʮּܽдݻٵĹڲٵĹУʮּʹͽʧȥһĺȻ¡ʮּһȥǵҪ֪ԼǷʮּܶԸҪǷдκΡʧĺżǡʮּϵǾͲѵ˵:СܡʮּܸĹֻǡȥҲǡʮּܵ塣ֻеȥʱDzڶֻеʮּܳɾIJ֮ʱͽܻϣ߳Ϊһ顣ʹǵȨ͸ǵĻƹ壬ָ顢ꡢԭеĹּԴ򡣵ʮּʱҲһͬǿ顣ȣкξǵ屻һ͹ۡѳɾ˵ʵ⣬DzǣҲûԼʹԼͬʮּܡʮּʱǴȥͬˣDZʵûʮּϵ͹۳ɾͣʹ֮Ϊÿո龭ȹ̻5ϾʮּѾɾ˵ԣҪڵϵ֫塣ǽšִ֫ġ̡ҪǣûʶʥǵСáЩĹʮּ֮Ŀ͹ʵǿ͹ʵǸ˾⽫һ룬ǿʵ

صԣ븴Ǿȶвɷָݡֻһߣ޷þȡ븴ȻڹЧȫͬȻ͸ߵĽϣȶɡҪһϸ̽־ȶɲݵĹЧ

ȣϵĽ̵һִʱ֮һֻֽ޵ȥ˾ԼʼԼûԼ޷ýŴ׼ʱδһλΪʮּϡЩԼ͸ع˻ʮϵλ

ڶ븴ǡԡȰʱҲСʱҲĸСϸǰʮ4547Ϊĩǵ(45)͡ڶǵ(47ҳ)ǷdzҪ֣ΪںһΪ༴

Ϊĩǵ壻ΪڶˣһԪסԣϣһǹ,һǹĸ

ϵڣĩǵʮּʱѾ˰ǵľࣻԵڶλ˵ݴ︴ƿĻʱҲСĩǵˣڵڶš

ôӦ϶ͽľȶʵ壿ӾȶĽǶʹ⣻ĸ˽͸ǡٴοֱӹϵģΪȥǰĸ˽ֱӹϵΪ˽͸ǡɷҪˣ˿͹۵Ҫ۵Ҫ

ۺʵĽǶĸΪdzɾ¡ΪʥɣڻҮͷңʹˡ(ް2)ΪھָDZɣɡǰ͸ɣ͸ĸɾ͡ᵽ֮ʱָǻĸѾƳˣ۵ĽǶĸѾ˵ĵλڶĸҲȻǵľծȴδʹDzǷծΨһԴһոµˣΪҪס棬ʹܹʤ̽ǣҪֻɽϵľҪͬһλܹʵԣʹʤһ̽

ͽָȫһϣҲ븴ͬ5˵״ϣҲҪ״ϡͬζǽΪǵĸΪǵĸ

ϰڴ򲻿ɵתĹ̡ȣǰڵȥȻŰѻڵǽ֮ĹϵȻǾ޷Żǵ

ᵽڻĽ̵ʱָǺҪģԭжԭʮּϵĹǰӦl) Լ 2) ǵľ˱ʮּܡǵ棬Ƕˡδ֮ǰȴֱӴǣԶֻ·һΪ˽Ѿ棬ǷڻڻϵģҲϣΪDZ档ڶڻǷľҲзʮּϵʵϣʮּҲǵʮּܡڻǾ˱6ģΪ֪ǵľ˺ͬʮּܡ

桹ʲô˼أζŻ֮󣬴ʥ飬ǵס档ָϵǸĻҮաΪڵϵûϡյҮжʥࡢɰҲ޷ǵʥ档ʥʱҲͬʱΪʲôʥ˵ڻڻҮȴδ˵ҮҮջ

ʼںʱʱָʱ棺͹ۺ۵IJ档͹۶ԣʮּʱѾˡȻ۷棬ǵʱϲʵ֣͸ĸʵֵġ

ʵӰ죬עǣһϡ˵ϵģΪһ项(ǰ17)ͽϵǻ顣ڻʲͬ˻ûаڴ˽СӲ壬ϾͲ⡣ϲ⣬޷⡣ԳΪһ󣬡ԷϽ󡣡ϵǸ߸ϣұߵˣһָʹܹճгʤֽϵͽڵϻϵ

һ

ǿʼ̽ϵĻʱᵽΪġϱijǼʵȷģȻϵĻȴͻȫԡֻģı(is-ness)ǡеġ(I Am)ϸԼСǡķչԼһĽ̵ЩİҾǵ·`(Լʮ6)ңҲҡ(I am the resurrection and the life)[Լʮһ25]ҾĹ⡹(Լ3512)ΪЩ̵ָDZݵĿһΪ˵:ĿľǻͬʱķҲǻǽŻﵽˣѶ߲ҪȻ˵

ҪеڶεĵþȡǵһεĵþȣǿҪǻΪǿþŻΪ ҲҪһģ׵ĿҪģǶǻ

ûСеֻǻˣǰȱġ͡ġᣬһĴϽ͵

񲻻ǫ͡ʥࡢģЩֿ͸ǣһ̣Ѷ͸ - һЩʹ͸Щû͵ˣһ㰮Ĵ͸ûаĵˣǫ͸ˣΪǵʱֻһͣӦеҪһ;ĶӻҮա

ˣ͸ǵǻԼһԣһСĴǰѴߺĶͷֿʵϣ߱ҲǶ͡DZ֪ûз˻ġһжǡλġǻʶԺǾͿᵽڻһֱĶŮϽвٺͽĹÿͽϲ١

ˣǿȻһֵ̽ijЩ⣬Ľ·ȴ봫ͳĸɽ·г롣ȣĻ۳ʵΪȡרעڻ۶ͽʵӰӦáڶǿԿڻ෽ܵԪӰ졣ڡ롸֮ĶԪֻԼǸ롸Ѫ͡ʮּܡԼġ͡Ĺϵ۶Ի֮Ӱ졣


Ļͽ ˺

ͽThe Normal Christian Life) ֮ʹΪǶʮ͸Ȧлͽʤʥ˶һɼΪҪӰ˹(Houston)(spirituality)ΪһϵĹϵѧٺȷسѧΪѧ϶ԣͽָĶʩͽϣʹ˳ʥ飬͸Լ壬ռĿҪٳһˡ

ҪΪˣҪľijɳԼĽ̵ʥͻͽľǶ塸ɳסʱͳˡ(ް9)ɳ˼ġijɷݡ֮ɳĻݡԣɳҪһЩ節һ֮ĶľģӿɸоĽǶȶԣ硣ˣϰװĽ̻ħȨ绮ޡ˼ڽ̻ᡣ֮͵塣

̻

̻ʲô

ע۵Ľ̻ǶϵĽ̻֮ȫ̽֡ǰָģϵĽ̻ҪѧеһΪѧҪҪһרо۵Ͻ̻۽̽йصĽ̻⣬Ϊ̻Ĺܵ

ϵĽ̵Dzֹһλ˵ĻǵҮգҲһλĻ̻ϻҮաָƻӮȡһԻˡһ˾ǡˡ-- ̻ᡣ̻᲻ġˡɣ̻һһ̻֮ǽ̻Ϊ̻ÿһ˶л档Ȼʵϣս̻౻ˡ̻ҪΪ̻ᣬͱ뾭裬༴l) 뱻ɢ2) Ǹ˱뱻ĥʱѾﵽ˵һǸ˵ĥһһġͬ⣬Щ˵ȷӵУܾĸֱӣȶ塢ͷš˳ʥʤԼСЩӵļֵԶԶǶĻͽ˵ӰӦãΪȶͷţǸ˵ijʥֻΪ˸ˡΪ˻ -- ̻ᡣΪĿУĿ겻ĸˡһһˣһˡ

̻

ϸǵ޵ʵ۳̻ĸԴǻҲ˵Ԥ̻ᡣ޲ǵһڳĻɷǵˣҲǽ̻ᱻĻϡdzҪһǣϼߴĽ̵Ҫʱʹǵ˯ȥǵֻ˯ţˣԤ˻֮޹صǸݡǷǾԵģĿҪͷŻ̻ᡣԼʮ31-37ǶʿǰҪҮյĽʱѾˣǾǹԣˮѪ˫塣ȣԱʱĹѾˣΪڱǰˡڶˮѪѾΪͷšѪΪˮǴ͸ǡˣǿĽǶ̻ġͽһڻIJڵþ֮ܵģҲòžġⷴӳ̻ġ

ʥ̻ڻǰֲͬĵλ̻ǻ弰̻ǻ¸ǰ̻ӻ̻йءָ̻ܹϵԼ̻ġǰ;ϵǵ޵ȷΪһ塣ȻǼһ塣⣬ޱԺǵǰ¸ˣ̻ڻǰͬλʱȺָꡣ죬̻ǻ塣̻һĹȫ֮󣬽̻ʱ̻ͻΪ¸ˡ

̻

̻ǻ塣ǽ̻ͷͽǽ̻֫塣Ϊ̻ͷҪǾȨ֫˳ͷͲܲDzҪ˳ͷҪ̻ͽϵûһλͽԳΪҪˡΪͬһ֫壬ÿһ֫岻ĹӦӦ塣ֻDzܻԶҪǣµԭҲǵԭ͸ڵϵĽֳ̻Ϊ̻ͷӦ̻ҪΪ̻֫壬DzԸ¾սЭؽⳡսۡԸllҪ͵ȫװ[õ޶׼Ӣʥ you ]ֵܵħĹơġyouָġyou༴ǡҲǽ̻ᡣˣȫװǴ͸̻ᣬǸĻͽȻξĿӦڸϣȴȫװǴ͸̻ᣬÿһ֫иص㣬ЩصȫľװͿԴս

ǽ̻ͷҲǽ̻ĸʯϽĽ̻ᡣָʯ(̫ʮ13-19)ָDZ˵õϣǻĶӡӡָǻڡʼԶеĵλָҮƻĹϵְڡʼԶԶļƻʼʱ򣬶ӾĻעDzֵġʼԶ͡ʼԶָľʲô˼пܵǣʼԶָδΪ֮ǰʱΡһλͽҪãҮǡĶӡDz㹻ġҲҮΪҮΪԺܹзҮԶļƻܸߣʶļƻĶϣʶԼĻϣʶļƻ

ʯ̻ĸҪЩСʯ̻ᡣĻһḶ́ȻڽСֻеЩʯӾۼһʱܱһķӣһʺסĵķӡˣ̻ľ

Ϊǿ̻縺żΪشΣϽ֮ĵϹϵҮյȡ˵ʽգҲڽ̻СͬأĹʹܳڽ̻УdzڵĻϡ̻ûĹһж͸̻ᡣˣ̻Ĺڽ̻ԼˣΪĽ̻ᣬŬĵسΪĴܵ󣬼ΪԼҪģΪͷŵĹܵ

ʲô磿

оϣĵ kosmos Ϸ֣ڹŵϣУ硹˼l) һгţ2) ױΡԼ kosmos ʱֲͬ÷l) ʵ2) (a)סϵ˻ (b)(a)ָԶΪеȫࡹ3) ϵ¡ǿһdzҪȴ˾Եģ༴һϵͳһ֯ƣĻݵǰֻе;סϵˡʱ 粢κϵͳǵŽ磬֯һϵͳʹΪСˣڶǰֻе򣻶ԺͲˡǵĶʧһйأһйءһʧ˷˵ε⡣ʮּϻýڶʧǣŶ䣬˵صȨһʧIJʮּܣĹȡȻȴǻġȫĹһ϶ʤ磬Ҫȫȡ֮ԺУ£ͱ磬һеҰ޸öߣ(14)еݡȣöߡָΧѴСڵϣҲ硣ڶζóڳʳϣڴȨ֮¡Ȼʵڵϻľݵ㡣ʵϣָֺڰ硢塢ǶߡֱӶӦλʥΪУΪУ븸ΪС

ڹIJϣ磬ɰͿҰΪµ磻Ұ -- ʵʵ硣ĿͽĽ֮ -- 硣ǾסĵطճIJϣΡѧɡҵֵȡעϲΪĻҵаġDZǵлģΪǹϵͳ䱳ľˣޣջͽϵͳȨ֮СȷָǮаġ۵·ʮ9ѡǮơΪDzģɲķʽ׬ȡǣڶǰ԰ûգҲûлеߡԺڸĺУų˴ͭģԼٴ֮ˡˣһеĻҵаģΪµޣջǽϵͳ -- 硣

DZ뱻

ˣȻ뱻ȡϸɸʮ15-16ֶ˵:ȥŶϴģȻþȣŵģرָҪ硣ϽһЩʢеĴԾξĵһЩڹ͡綨෴෴෴롸þȡ෴硣Ⱥ͵£ͽȴ߻Ϊһ̸þȡǽϹĹǽĹǰߵһݡرǸ˵Ҫйأþȡ˸˵Ҫ⣬ҲDZܵϵͳþȡָұһ磬һ硣Jֻע磬ȫҴﱻȳ⡣롸þȡ෴ˣDZ뱻磬Ѿ硣


ͽα

Ǹαأ𰸡ַʽͽ硣ϸΰľ¼ -- ɫ˳ͺˮʱŲǷ -- ˵ֲɷָȷʽ

ʱɫ͸Ѫӹڰʩеɱ֮֡ͬأյͽ͸ıѪþȡѪĿҪ硣ǵþȵһ̣ѾĿã統ɫڳԹԽڵͺ뿪

ŲǺļˮŲǺͷ۶ԤŲԤΪ񣬷ԤΪӡˮûȫʱζűIJǸˣȫ硣Щڷ˶硣еˮ֮Ųdzµ䣬Եһнոµ硣ǵþȣڻʱǾͼֿЩڷһŲڷбܿˮ¼ǿ¼˵ڱǰ2021̵֮ܽһƽ֮ξĺᵽɸľָ͸ܽDZ

ǿ̵ĶͽĿ͹۲档۵IJǵʾʹܹĹ۵ʶ磺Ѿ(ʮ214)ͽҪ磬ѭ;DZܿӴ籣ǰ9-10ָģǵʵʣDzܵġǵȻһֱӴ磬ⲻʾǵһᱻ°Ψһʹǵ鱻IJϹ۵ĽҪþȣǵ۾뱻ʾ

ϵ

ͽȴȻѾǶߺϵͳȴδϡδɵĹ(̫14)ΪĹ⣬ʵϷӳҮջ翴ԼʡDZ磬޷⡣⣬ΪĽ̻ᣬǿ϶ǰǵΡDZѻʮּϵʤʾϵ˿DzΧĶǽڵĻͽһְҵλϣǶ봫ڻĹְϵлֵġ ͸ǵҲǴδˣϵͳȫ޹ءͻͽڱDzͬġ֪Լǽ̻ᣬӵлĻ塣ҲϵĹ⡣ΪϵĹ⣬Ӧ -- Ľڻǵ

ʥ

ʥͽ

ͽڽܻҮΪͬʱҲӦʥ顣ʥһס棬סֱӡ(30)ͽѱʥӡǡʥӡζ¡ʾЩӡǵڶʾЩӡ˶ˡʥӡҲ͸ˣǾ񣬻һǷʱζѾʧȥӡǵζŸѱˣûбֳʥ뿪Ҳʧȥ

ȻͽʱѻлϰߡԺͱδȥ෽ıʥ湤ķʽ֡ԣݻЩɱԡԺϰߣʹܹԳԣʥнĹʥÿնڽµıԡµĸԺµϰߡʥ鹤棬ϳ֮ΪʥĹΡʥĹָʥڹڰţЩڵİܹǵڻӦǵСϸʱۼܹӻ֮ʱΪʥʱעһЩҪIJ죬ϼȫ˾ɸ(Scofield)߸ʱ֡߸ʱʱ(ǵ԰ʱ)ʱ(ǵޱ԰ûĺˮʱ)ʱ(Ӻˮͱ˱ɢ)Ӧʱ(Dzɫ˳)ɷʱ(ӳʮּ)ʱ(ӻʥ齵ʥͽ)Լʱ(ӻǧȽ)ʱڣֱӽͽ¡ʱеĹ͸ʥСʥ͸ΪϺҪĻйΣٺͽĹֻеDZʥʱǵʥʾ֮⡣Դ˵رҪġ

ʥʵ

ǰͼʽʵߡΪ¼ǵġʵʡֻijЩıƤʵʣǾǺֵġļԽ͡Լ24ǶǸ飬԰ıͳʵݡʵԼʮ13ԼԼҼ7ġԭǡ桹(ǡʵʡ˼)Ǹ飬ˣйصﶼҪ͸ˣʥҲʵʵ顣Ψʥ֮º֮ģǻģΪʵʡ֮ȻΨ͸ʥŵĶֹܻΪʵʡ

ʮʥ˵ʵʵĽ̵ʮּıѪһӡʥĽ̵ıѪྻǵ(14)ʵѪʮּʱ˰ѻѪԼϣ˱ྻ𣿲ֻеʥʵʵѪྻʱǵIJྻ

ǼȤǣϰʵʵĹӦʥϡȻ̵ı۽壬̵ָֽǻĹ۵㡣ҲΪ;ƴͱѪΪǸǵĽ͡ƣͱ(ǰʮ1617)ᵽ;ʱָʵʡڳԱȾƵıһʵʡ

ͽôʵأѰ𰸡Լʮ13ʥ˵ֻʥˣҪһе14˵ҪҫңΪҪҵĸǡ̵ǣǽʵʵʥ顣ϰʥҪΪʾ͹Ρʥʾʹܹ֪ͿʵʡʥĹڻİǽʵʡʾĸȻûʥĹΣDzȫˣǿ: ʥʾǻʥĹǽ졣DZΪһġǷֿС֮ûκʱIJࡣ

ûʵʣ˾ͻܳ׵ƶ޷ӦԼҪ̸ϰˡκδʵʵʵϻˡ

ʥ

ʾ

ǻδȷ϶ĻĽ̵ȷ͵ʥĹϵǰDZʶϵʾۡһҪǣDZעڡĬʾJ͡ʾ֮֡ߣ

ʲôĬʾʲôʾĬʾ˵һⱾϴûĬʾͲܳΪʥĬʾʥĻôʾأʾǹǧ꣬ʱһδҿĻĬʾһεģʾһιһεġʾǽһ£һĬʾڽ»

ȻأָġĬʾʵǸͽͳġʾνġʾʾǸɵġա(illumination)϶ԣʾֹӦʥϡĶ壬ʾкܹ㷺ӦáϽһʾĶ壬˵ʾûб˼ʥ齫һµ࣬ͽָʾ֪ѡʾֻijЩرȺȨͽġʵϣָһʾ -- ˵ʾ -- ̾˿ֵûСødz׵Աʾǿǵġ

ʥ

һҪģDZ֪ʥ͸ʾĻ˱֪Ļﲻǻ˼롣ʵϣÿһĻ棬һ顣ĻǷֲġҪʥκξģǵչȥʥ顣ǵҪôȱһȾˣ꣬ȱ顣

ʾʱٴΰʥĬʾĻʱʵڶǵ˵Ϊʾʥ飬ʾǸµ()µܹʥ顣ǣǣʹ˸µ飬ûл˳µ飬ǻ޷ʥˣҪIJӵиµ飬dzΪˡˣʥһѪߡ)Ѫδû飬޷ʥڶĻͽȻȴ춲˳ķֻܺȡ̡ܳԸѾȱĸĻͽֻܹӴʾˡʥԭ֮£õʾûġ

˺·

ڽ̻ĻࡣԸ12ʾģĿУ̻ҪʹʥͽΪȫˡ̻ǻ壬ӵлĻͽɣˣ˵·ǽ塣Ҫ̻ĹйЧǵ·ƻΪʾңԽ̻ݲƻִУˣDzͬԼͬ


ÿһ·ˣ綼֣ᷢIJDZˣԼÿһ·ˣҲҪҳ˺˲һ£һһ򡣡Ϊ޷Ļ꣬ʹ޷˳ߵĽ˲ˣʹ޷ѡһΪܳˣûо˵飬ͽͲ·ԣ·ˣȺҪľ骭 -- ˵顣˲飬޷ɵ͸ǵû飬̻޷ΪĹܵ

ͽδ·֮ǰȷеؾˡֻҪǡһǡ˫ءλ񣬣עáһλ͡˫ءλͽ֮ǰ֮Ĺ⾰޷Ϊ󣬷ˡҪʹ飬˳ȫίȻίȴijҪʥĹΡDZģΪǵίֻʾǸģʥйĿռ䡣Ϊ˵ķʽǵҪڵĻ˽ʥĹηǡʥʱǴĻʹ飬ΪֻڵܹͬӰȻijȴȷЧ·Ǵ飬˲šྻҲͶˣ̵ĶԼˣ鲻Ҫͻƻ꣬ҪֿʹǷֿĻ(1213)Ļ͸ʾԳе˼Դ˷ֿǵꡣʾ£Ǿܹġǵͷź󣬴ˣǾܹ·񣬳ΪеĹߡ

ͽ·һҪĻְ¡ĹһҪĻ㣬һԸ⽫Ļһ߼ǵһһҪǽһ򼸾Ļ½̻ᡣʥĬʾʥߣ⣬ʥÿһֱض飬ˣĻ¹ϣʥĹDzɻȱġʥ鲻ĻҲڴ¹Ϊڹʥֻеʥ·ڹĻʱܹ˵Ļûлְ¡⣬ְ±ӵʾûʾ˵ĻֻܹɲĻʾҲֻٵʥεˡ·ߵʹִ˵ĻΪʾֻһЩֻеԺЩ߲ܹ·

ϵѧУΨһĹػҪѧʥʵӦϡЩʵӦõĵˡʵϣ϶ԴʥĽ֣̽ҪĿΪṩͽķʽĿľŮĽעIJ˵龭ͼƻҪӮý̻ -- Ķһλˣǿṩ˵ָͽ̵ʱͻѧ֮ռĿ -- 壬̻ĽҲ˵Ľ


ѧ

ѧһϵһ͵ļܹһĵԭѧ̵ԴڴҲڴġˣԴԴ˻ԭڶĸѧ⽻֯һ塣ҲͬʱƼѧȹ̵ʥҲޱͬʥ󡣳ȫѧҲʥΪʲôһҪǵѧһ׾ٵϵѧҲˡһ;ѭĺڹЩĵļܹƺһֱڱ˴ӡ֤ҪԴһϵͳչΪһϵѧ(ϵѧ)ڷִʱһֱȴ򵥵Ӧüҳϵԭ򣬶ǴϵиĴˣֱ˵񡣲ϵԭ֤ʵʥʱϵͱ뱻ˣǼѵûܹǫĽ˵о

ѧϵԭ

ѧϵԭһϵѧһγѧı﷽ʽǰǶԪۣĻʵ塣ԪΪṩζϵĻʹչţѧܹ֮ԪԹۡעLaidlaw The Bible Doctrine of Man һƪܳĸ¼۵ϣѧͳͻͽߵеԪʷԨԴ

G.C.Berkouwer ΪȷָԪϣԪ߼Ȼۡ͵üͿ֮֮Ҫһн(nous)֮ĺ蹵ҲҪһЩҪԪۡ꡻ˡҪҲ˵ʵ޷ϵ֮ϵͽϵ㡣ֻԲܴij̶ֳȵĺһˣԪ۵ĸڶԪۺԪ۵żȻƫߣʵϣԪ۵ĸԴϣԪε⡣ڶԪ۵ĻϣϽ̵ʽĶԪŻʥΪﱳʵ壬ҲӰʥۡϵĻʵ˼άģʽʹڲЩ⵱еĴ󲿷ݿʱܿκѧҺȻеijĦ֮ȡһ൱ʵĽ·Щʵҹˣͽѧвɷָһݡ

Ҫ̽ѧϵıԭ༴Ԫۺͻʵ塣ǽ̽Щԭ⣬ϵѧⷽҲӰ˱ֵ̽ѧĸǽЩԭĸĸֿ(༴ϵѧ)չ׺С

ԭһԪ

(H.B.Kuhn)гҪĶԪۣζϡ֪ʶۺڽ̡עEvangelical Dictionary of Theology, s v "Dualism" by H B Kuhn. һ棬Whiteley ۵ʥʱָԪӦã༴l) ԶԪۣ⼴ԷָIJݣ2) ζ϶ԪۡWhiteley ÷ָһΪ塹塹а񣬸аĸԴ3) ԴĶԪۡΪơ롸Կġ磻4) ¶ԪۡΪҪΪҲҪעǣڶԪ۵Ӧʹòһ£磬ڽζ϶Ԫʵ Whiteley νԴԪۣõĶ塣оֶԪ۵УȻζ϶Ԫۺڽ̶Ԫ۵Ӱ졣ע֪ʶ۵ĶԪ۱Ϊһ֪״ķΪжϵĹͶʵȫ֪ͬʶġֻܹ͸Ϊý֪ζ϶ԪӴΪ޷Ԫڽ̶ԪţֶڣһƵԴͷһ֮ϰЩӦѧϣ硢ϵͳĹȡΪжԵġҲڻʥ()()ԼĬʾĻʾĻ֮֡

Ȼͬ(M.H.Cressey)˵ָʥijЩ͵⣬DZĶԪ˼⣬ܸ򣬡ȻǻԪ(dualism)Ԫ(duality)Ϊһ̸Dzͬġ϶ԪԵĴڲһͬԪۡԪԺͶԪʻһڷ롹ԪԾͳ˶Ԫۣݻʺ͹֮ͳһԡʵĶԪԷǵųгһdz˷ǰ

ѧУڣʵϸ̵ĿꡣκλͽԣʱѾһ־ּ֮ij־ȻѾоһңĻҪܵ־ȴԲڶԻϵͳ磬ʹ⣬Ҳ񻯡ϲΪ֮κνĿԡʵϣڻͽģһˣţ֮ӦüֲͬǿġϵĶԪ޿ɱز޷ͽԪֶԪۣ겻ϲһаҪū顣˴֮ʱͽÿԡ硹͡Ұ硹ϵĽ̵Уγɶ棬ǣǿңûл͵ϵĶԪģȷʵڵĶԪԣҲ˶ּ˳뿹ܣΪԪֻеһ϶˳ĹȡΪ(ʥ)޹أ()ڲ˳ͺڰȵȨ֮¡ԪǺģԪȴȻ

ԭʵ

оѧоԱͬ㣺ϽΪעʵʻͽǽϵĴĦһЩߵ֤ʵ:
ʷ˹(C.Ryder Smith) The Biblical Doctrine of Man ݾԼԼԡʲô͡ӦôˣΪҪĻӦعһʥѧۡڶе⡣ -- Dana Roberts
עǿͽľǴ塣-- Carl Henry(Carl Henry) ָģעǿͽ;Ǵ塣Ϊ˿(ڽ˶)˳ϽԻͽĺð˵ͽϵı֤ʵʵԡ -- Paul Siu

۵Ľ̵Уͬʱʲô͡ôˣ⡣ʵϣ󲿷ݵڴڶ⡣ -- Peterus Pamudji

нûʥ֪Ҫ -- һˣͽʵѧռһϯҪλãֻܹʱмֵ -- Robert Kingston Wetmore

ֵעǣЩȻӲͬǶȴѧIJͬ棬ȴͬĽۡȻָֻһµĹ۲δֻͣһ롣Paul Siu ⣬ߵУûһλԽѧоʵý·Paul Siu ָܽѧҵеġʵԹػʵһŶйΡ̻֪ʶĻӦSiu Ϊϵѧڼ䣬йһּΪؼĹڡܽй֪ʶܵǿҵİʹ͸ȹһ֪ʶĹɨȫܵйܵ۹裬޿̣⣬ѧ(Bertrand Russel)ʵҶ(John Dewey)йʱನʹһʰĵزΪ˶Կ˳͸ͽĺð˵ͽ֤ʵʵԡ

ȻȫųϵȷǻӦʱκͽ̻ᴦĿԣDzӦԵǣʵߣΪǸȷġ˺ѧ߼ѧҶͬͬǻ˵ĵ

һϣй˶಻ǵ˼磬޶Թ¶Ȥϣѧ֪ģйѧʵġ -- IJ

֮ǵԻ֮͹ۻ֮ΪййĻԿʼʵѧߣ߼֪ʶۣټѧۣѧΡйŴѧ֮չʷС-- ƾ

֮ݻ˵Ĺֻܹ¼бֺͻ֤ǵ£Լжʵͬģ⣬Щʹй˼ϵͳˣֻܽ᣺йѧʵԵʵһֱϵ -- ٽ

йѧԶҪضΪרע֪ʶ֪ʶܿζϵĴĦ֮Ϊ޹ء--

ûиݣзӳ˿Ӻйѧҵʵú͹۵㡣Dzѧ֪ʶ۵⣬ѽ㼯ѧ-- Leo Sherley Price

۲Ѿָ˵dz˳ʶʵľ񡣡һϲԵĴĦҲζϵѧ˼硣Ի˶ԣDz߼֤ʵģֻ͸ա-- Ralph Covell

ͬʱ(T.C.Chao)ǶʱΪ̱绤ʱ˻˵˼ά̣йбɫѧķѧ߲ء˵һԱ֮˵˼άdzϤʵõһ棬⼸ԼеĻ˼롣Ȼеµ񡣡˼άȻķʽ˼룬ؼ͵Ӣ壬ŭس𲻵֮¡ˣгţΪ˵ȻԷdzʵõȡѧ֣̽ʮǿdzƴ˳ѧĽ·Ϊʵ塣

ǼָѧռĿǽˡ֮ǻԭճ͸ܾ֮°ڵԭ򲻶⡣ۼһγȺ -- ̻ᡣ̻Ҫβ(ȻǺܺõ)ʹʥͽΪȫ -- ˵ĽѧҪΧڼ˺Ŀ -- ˵Ľˣǿľ۱ΪӦþۣĻۻڰɾ͵ġӦλӦҸˡ⡣ݵǡɾ͵ġйػͽĽ̵ι˵ṩʵʵָͽ̵ڴˣҲָѧѧΪdzҪѧȫӻ赭дĴ磬ѧûдʥ顢λһıʣԼԤۡʹֵ̽ѧⷶΧڣҲ۴ĦԵIJݡΪϱּĬķΧdzԵرʵԶǴĦԵķۡ

ϣϵʵڽ̺֮ȻͲĶԪֻ෴ѧʱ򴿴һѧ۽ʵʻͽ޹ءϵĽ·ǵѣ̺ѧǰ˹(William Ames)νġĽ̵ķ(John M. Frame)ΪذѧΪǰĻӦв档½̵ǽһҪIJݡʥе͵½̵ûдʵ෴Dzʥļȡ½ѵʥھճ϶˵ڽյĴͥ͹ϵϹϵʥǽվǺʵ֮ˡййչһױɫĻģʽһŶ0 ڼͬ˵ģʽΪЧġط̻᡹˶͡񲼵עսڼǨƴ˺ܴIJЧʹǷչˡ񲼵(Dzȷ˸ԴԻ)ʹͽдl4ҵʥҪļͥһľõλǴӸֺʵҵбѡ԰ЬʦʿʦȣԼʥͶ̵ʵڵʱйֱ֮ӲʵУԼڽʥԭӦòϵʱĴΡ -- һЩʵ岻ѡ

ȻѧʵĹǿӦȴҲ˲ĽҪǣֲƽǿʹԭΪĵѧΪĵѧѧУ˳˽㡣Ϊĵѧ֮ϷԺΣDZرԹעġΪ˱ȫһ棬ȴ־־ʱежˣ޷Ĵ߷ָӶ(John Calvin)䡶Ҫ塷ǰ沿ݵijзdzֲɷָԡ˵ӵеһǻ -- ༴ʵǻ -- ݣԼʶԼʶصġ֪ʶҪжΪʶҪ񡣰˹͸ķѧµĶѾǿ㡣

ķᵽӶ̹ⷽԼ֪˵֪ڶͶԼ֪֮䣬߾ȡķλǼ߶ġķ˵

µ;ǣ֪ͶԼ֪ȱһ޷һߣһߵijɳһߵijɳֻеҿԼ --_䣬ȴɶþ -- ҲȷʶԼ⣬ֻеҳԱ˵ʶʱʶˣ֪ʶͬʱҲһɳ

ҲͬʽͼӶĵijǿ֪ʶศɵġ˵

ʶԼʱͬʱҲʶΪʶԼʱDZ밴ʶζDZʶġԴġȫģǸεġˣԼ֪֪ʶӦ֪ԼĶԼԴԼIJȫгı׼ԼԼ븺εĶ񡣡

ӶĵijиķͻµעͰȷ˽˱ѧĺϷԼΣûжʶǶԼʶŤġûдӶʶĽǶԼǾ޿ɱԼŬɾΪԼ޺ͱ΢¾˱ѧ(һ)ѽϡܵ齾dzԱ

⣬ķ۵ʿ(Schleiermacher)ΪѧµĶʱָʿյ˵̽ԱĻͽڽ١޷ͬǣķָ[ʿ]Ҫ˵ĸоȡʥΪѧռȨǴľڹͣԼɳռ塣ΪĵѧҲͬΣ˱ѧѧ²Ĺǿչһʹֻʥҳ̵Ĺ۵㡣塣ʵϣǿϵĻʵ֮Ӱ£ѧ̺㡣ԺоΧѧĸеĸʱϸ֤㡣ϵʵǴٳ;ѭγ֮һء

ϵѧ

ָѧϵͳԭ -- Ԫ뻪ʵ -- Ҫ̽ԭ⻯Ϊѧ

ģǿ˵ĹɲʱԪ۵߼Ȼ۾ԪۡԪΪԪṩζϵĻԪȻ಻ͬı﷽ʽȻԿ϶ǣѧԪ۰ѶԪ۷ӵ쾡¡ѱΪһѧ͸ӹ۽ǣ͸ӹ۽ҲϽڹʥĵĹ۵㡣

ȥ̽ϵ;ԭȻأϵʥڹͽ·Ԣʽġע̫ѧPhilo of Alexandria ľԼʥԢڹͷϣѧӰ졣(Clement)Ͷ(Origen)ӵɽѧϵȡ˰ͼʽص㣬ҲʹԢ;ѧҮ(Jerome)Ͱ¹˹(Augustine)Ҳ;ʽӰ졣йһֱԢ;ܵ(Aquinas)ɣNicholas of Lyra ٸǿձĽȫܾԢⷨڹͲΪʥ˼: l) 壻2) 壻 3) Ԣ⣻4) 塣ˮɱΪ(i)壺ˮ(ii)壺ϵĽྻ(iii)Ԣ⣺ϴķ壻(iv)壺Ү·֮(ʮl))Ժڴ˱ϵ;ԭ򣬽ʱǽԢ;֮һЩ֤Ԣ;ϵԪ֮Ԫ۵ıȻԢ;Ҫ֮һǴΪĽѵ֮壬ˣϵĻʵҲһ۵㡣Ԫۺʵ۵ǿϵԢ;γ;ѭˣ˵ʥĺڹǵĹ۵ƺһֱڱ˴ӡ֤

ԪۣΪһѧ۵

һϵԪԹۡҪ̽ΪṩһΪִƫصԹ֮ԪôΪѧ͸ӹ۽ǡ

͸Ӻʥڹʱ񼦺ͼǴһֻȦĶУԷֱ󡣵ϵӹԼδзԪֻۡDz˱·׷ˡĽҡ÷ˡȻԼҲŬжʥԪ֮ϾԴѧ͸ڹʥġ

ǿһЩӡȣ۶ʱ߶޵̽ԪֻΪ()Ŀ()Լ޵־()ձȥϲûߵٵһλ񣬶Ԫ۵ĽǶڹ;ģΪ̽ٵλָݡڶ顢ꡢɵģˣϰԼ6(ľľ项)ڹΪֻ˵йأ޹ءһӣϰѻʮּܵĿڹΪԵɲ -- 顢ꡢ -- ̷ΪʥĻʹࡣܾȲûҩľƺͱԼ鱻ֱ˵塢ꡢó̷ܵƵӲҵԪΪѧ͸ӣܹҵྭǡϵӦĸ̵ֽ硸ijŵʿĸ¡ȣΪЩ̵ṩݡעֵһǣͬصϵڹԼǣ




մ ͳ ˼
־
˵

ϵ;Ԣⷨ

Ԣ;Ӿĵķʷ壬ڹԼ漺Ķȡ֮DZڴԢ(allegory)Ԣ⻯(allegorization)Ԣԡһֿͷֹߣͼʽʽ磬ں˵Ԣ˵µҪź˴ȺͽһºһԢһַdzĽ̵ʽȻԢ;IJǾĵڹߵڹҪ˵֧˾ԭ˼һֲڹߵѧ۵ھ֮ϣ(S.E.McClelland dzȷָ)˷ʾڹ˼άģʽԭߵ˼άģʽ

۵оᵽȷоǡ龭龭עLam ϵĽ̵ео:о͡ооһ֡͹۵ʥڹ͡˼ʥ壬Ȼ͸ɷۺϷʥ෴ġоһ֡۵ʥڹͣʥоǿֱãڴʥиʾ(ٺ飬ѧ287ҳ)ȷ˵ǣͬߣȴܾǰߣ֮ΪġЩﱾʾصˣǷжĻʱж߱Ҫԡ⡸˶ԡȷķҪڡʥ飬ˣȷоǵʥ顣ϵ۽̵ġͬʲſͨԭڴóֻߵͨˣֻеܹʥʱʥ˵ġ֮ԽԢ;Ϊ۽̵߼Ȼۡھĵֻ˵˼(Ҫ֮һ)ˣӦóΪʥҪ塣ΪȷĶǴ͸㣬߲ε塹-- ĵ塣ϾʥΨһĿΪ˽˺ɳˣľڹͿ϶Ԣ·⻯ۼһЩ˵㡣

ϰѴ14ߵ(öߣ)ڹΪֻܹڵϣй(ö)ʳォԴԳĶ -- ⼴ǵͽΪǵᡣ˭ǵʤʱԵʤߵijԼеһ1) ˣ壻2) ˣ磻Լ3) ˣȨơڹ¶1-14йǺɳľʱָǿһᣬǵĶ(ʥ)Ǿͱ뾭еĸ׶ΡȣDZ뿪(¶l)⼴DZܾ塣ȻDZ(23)ڲڰ()Ķ(ʮ34)ˣʤ硣4ڵҮʤԽԼζʤ⼴ᡣ۽̻ʱΪԼеŮ˴˽̻IJͬ׶Ρָ⣬ԼлԤ̻ŮˡټĻԤ˽̻ᱻ׸(ʮ61-67)ԼɪɵĻԼڰĺ(ʮһ50)̻δбѡĦڿҰĻ(21)̻ڿҰСѺ޸ҪˮȪʱ˽̻IJҵ(ʮ17-19)·벨˹Ļ̻ľ(13)DZȸĻ(϶ʮ3-42)սĽ̻ᡣԢ;嵥Զûûˡ̽Ϊϲڹͽ·ǷdzȤģȻ֮ԻϲһҲ档ԭǶԪۣҰԪΪһѧ͸ӹ۽ǣ˱ȻʹԷѧܹķʽʥϡ

ΣڰʥڹͼΪͷβ塣ٺȷָ֣üDZ룬⡹롸˽⡹ʵԷֱ档 Terry Jenkins Ϊϵġ;ʹõԢԤʥȨܵ衣ڹ͵Ľ۱ΪʱΣոΪӾ硣ȷʵĽ̻۽̵ʱݵԭΣաעд߷Ÿйؽ̻֯Ľ̵֤Щԭʵʥӣȴʥĵλ(ӹͬ··11-16ҳ)Dana Roberts ΣֵעġRoberts ָ;ԴʾйԵIJݡˣϵҲҮڵϵƽ֮еѧйأҲȤ˵ĸĻֻеԼʥ֪鼰ǵĽ̵¼йʱŻǡڶ϶ʥķʷζŽ̻սĺͲľʵĮġ ˹۲Ȼij̶ֳȷģţз֤ȴָϵڽ̶ԪۡΪֻġǽڽϺIJ۴˿⡣
Ѿ֤ʵѧʵһϵܵ˵ϵԭԭɣ༴ԪۺĻʵ塣ԪΪԪԹṩ֮ζϻ⣬ϸΪѧ͸ӹ۽ǡϵ;·ԢⷨҲ۽̵߼Ȼۡ

ֺ̽ѧ֮ҪϵѧݣָķչֵҪѧСǰ趨һֱʶڳϵĸѧʱԼǵۣԱܹڳǰԵػϱ

ϵҪѧ

ϵ۽̵

Ԫۣ

Щ塢ܺȳάѧ˶ԣԪԹ۱ΪѧκֻҪĶĴ -- ġˡ-- ϶Ϊ룬˼Ķ̾Ϊֹ塣˼ΪϸԼγΪָʾʹⱾһٴֲһѧġɵأϱ۵ΪидġˣκѧijԣûдԪԹۣDzȫġǶϵԹ۵֮нΪΣԺ;ġ

ڹIJԪ

G.C.Berkouwer H.Bavinck ţǿʥûԿѧķʽˡʥʾڽԵ䴴ϵˡBerkouwef ˵޳ͻʥ˵֮صδҪעԼҪǶϵ˸еĹע Berkouwer Ψһִ˼ߡעһ˾꣬Laidlaw šʵʥ˵ҪĹϵȻһʱǧˡϣڽԺĽ̵ǣijЩйԵǰᣬѧѧΪȤֵ̽ġǿLaidlaw ȻʥṩйԵĽ̵ȴܾʥ̵ͬĹϵ֮ҪġD W Mork George Carey Ҳͬˣ̽ʥ۵ĵһԭҪϣʥҪػǽ̵ѧԵѧڽԵġڶ֮ⷽ󣬷оԼѧʥѧ߶ͬ⣬ʱɫΪһ塣ִѧĽǶȣǹŴѧĽǶشʲô⣬ϣ˵Ĵ𰸽ǣǸ塣ɸָӲɵ塣ЩɲݻȡͻԴϢ꣬DzڵġڴָʥѧߵһġһЩҪ֤ʵϣ˼еԹۡ

ˣҪľ(7)Ȼس˱ԡھĵȷڹǣʹѾõѣΪˡ -- J.Laidlaw

յصǣĸ(塹)ԵIJͬ档-- H.W.Robinson

DZʶҪĿɫ˵˼άҪۺԵ - ʶǻԺŵ˵һ֡䡹Ϊǿϣĵİأǿɫ˼άķԣ-- A.R.Johnson

ʵϣijЩѧƺָ֮жIJͬϣǿ˵ȷġǽ֣ᷢ (ϣ)ΪಿݣDz۲۵һIJͬ -- C R Smith

ϣ˶ԣ˵ĸֲݲǶijɷݣһλIJͬ..ϣѧ: һ壬͸ʺͷʵý˼롢оͱԼ-- W D Stacey

гرרעڴʵ˵ʱˡijʽϳȫԵĹɲݣǾ޷˵İ -- G.C.Berkouwer

ϣĬһ⼴һӤһз֮Ϊһ塣DZϣ˵ĽǶ̽ʥˣ༴DZ뿴һۺϵˡ-- D W Mork

ˣг֤ʹԼ(رDZ)չйԵĽ̵ʱݵľԼŵԹۡ(עڴҪرᵽ Robert H Gundry ľ Soma in Biblical Theology, with Emphasis on Pauline Anthropology Gundry šsoma رָ˶ָָ塹IJ(Rudolf Bultmann) J.A.T.RobinsonӰ˵´˹۵ѾԼѧҵбΪͳ۵㡣Gundry ȴͬ˹۵㡣׿Խоϸĵ˼֮š soma /ϣ˿˵ soma ˡ soma ȴָˡΪ÷ĿҪע壬༴˵壬ˡָ˵ʱsoma עǵ壬ǵλ(p.80)ѧ߲һϣ˵˹Ȼϵ(unitary)ȴǵ(monadic)(p 83)ںڲͬݵ壬ǵ(p.79)ܾ dualism(Ԫ)ʣΪǿҵضԪֻ˱޵ۣҲܾ dichotomy(Ԫ)ʣΪDZԵʡGundry ѡʹáԪԡ(duality)ʣΪܱﱣ޵˼롢ʽ(p.83)ˣΪ޵һֱĶԪԡԡԪԣԼһԪ(P,84)ĶԪϣ˵Ĺ,ھԼʥС۵ԵԼߡ϶ԾԼΪݡ׵޷dzȷָģʥԽԽʹѧʣΪʥһʾļ¼ңԼҲɫйĻʶDavid Stacey Ա޵ѧô( psyche , pneuma ,sarx [Ӧ˾Լе nephesh , ruach, bashar])˷dzܳоܽԼ֮䡸ûŵIJ죬ֻصһЩչͲ֪ͬΪԼ̫е̫˶ΪŵԹۡˣ޵ԹݵľԼһЩչ

ԪۻԪ۵ָ߽ʥʿ϶֤˵ġ项J塹ĶԪԪ֡DZǵãܾԪ۲ھܾԪԡʵϣԼԼȷᵽ顢ꡢĴʡǶ֪ijͻʥѧ߶ͬ⣬ֲ֮䡣ͬⲻϣԪʽֵѧȴԲͬķʽֵʡ׵ֶָԱȡDZʵĶԴͷĶһ棬Mork ԣ -- Ȼ˺ͳȻˡֿ̻˵ֹϵʹȻĹϵStacey Robinson Sarx () Pneuma ()֮IJڣsarx ָ˴ݵԣԱȫܵ񡣴⣬ĽǶStacey Ϊ sarx ʱĶԱָûཻĽΪֶԱȻǡҹ֮ĶԱȡȻͬԲͬķʽֶԱȣŵĻͬġǻ϶֮ͬĶԱȡ

ڹIJ϶Ԫʱָϣʥڹߵ͸ӹ۽ǺʥĽ̵Ϊһ̸ڹ߾Լִʥⲻǽ(exegesis)ǽ뾭(eisegesis)ʥڹߣڽ̸ǶʥʱϣִѧӰִ֪ڹߴŲʥڵִѧԼʥϣԪۣΪҪ˼뾭ģʥҪ˵ġԪԹ۾ˡ

ѧIJԪ

֤ʵϣ˼άǴ弰ۺԶԵĽǶȿ֮ѧIJԪԹ۵ͱýΪʡ
Whiteley ָԼӲ(aspectivally)ĽǶȶDz(partitively)ĽǶ۵ˡԪͬʵʳɷݽ˵Ľṹ༴顢ꡢ塣Pneuma Psyche sarx (ʱsoma)ֱǾԼϣ ruachnephesh bashar ķ롣ϣԹۣˣbashar, nephesh ruach ʲͬıʣԴ˵һ֮֡һλIJͬ档ˣDz˵soma˾soma˵ pneuma ˾ pneuma òݴֹϣձ÷ҲԼӦʡⱻΪ synecdoche ˣ顢ꡢָ˵֮⣬ġѪȣϣ˶ԣҲָ˵壬DzΪġ

һעǣϣ˵˼У幦֮еĿϵRobinson ǽͣϣѧһĿѽϸ߲εԹ꣬ϵͲε壬ǽ˼άĻĹܡעRobinson , The Christian Doctrine of man ָĸٰΡͳЩС䡢ԡ԰ڽٵȡˣϣĵ÷УԲݣIJָǺƽ¡

ʥIJԪ

кüʥıԪΪ֤ԪԹ۵Ĺ淶ġõǴǶ7ϣ12Լǰ23Ҫ̽IJԪ߶ǵڹ͡

Ƕ7 ׵ָǶ7ʥѧĻġ˰Ѹ۵˼ھġھҲ顣ʥѧõľġǶ7Үͻõϵijˣ(neshamah hayyim)ǿͳĻ(nephesh hayyah)ǵMork ԣڴһ20nephesh hayyah Ҳָ͵ȶ nephesh ָǡϢ֮ǿڹڹؼԵľʱƫʥ nephesh ķ(ˡ)֮Ϊ꡹BDB ˡ꡹͡ˡ˼ڴǶ7BDBȴ nephesh hayyah Ϊ(living being)Smith ơ꡹ȷķ룬ȷķ롣Ϊ֧۾ݣSmith ָnephesh ʵҪ÷ l) ָ롸෴2) ָˡָǡ3) ָһ顢֪־֮µ nephesh

ѧϣ׵ΪЩĸ˱ɲݣһ棬һߴ϶Ȼ߹һԪǿԵǰġ꡻ִͬе˼ͬΪʥԵ˼֮˵ıߺΪֻڴˡϢ֮ųΪˡ˵Ĵھ֮ԾڽԵԭ򡹡Berkouwer ˶(Ĵ)

ʥ۵ڣеıϵУȻйϵʥ˵һڽԵ棬ҲǿֹϵijЩϵϵ˾д˹ϵˣ޷ʹϵǻϵˣҷյˣǶˣˡ

ˣһԪ(dual-in-unity)˵ϢʵԴģˣȻȻ

ϣģ12 ϣľԪߵһݡBerkouwer Ϊھ⡸Կѧķʽ˵Ľṹˣûɰھġǰ⣬ĻĴ͸ʿҲӦðʿĵ˼ȴָܹʵ塣Щ塹(tripartism)ˣT.C.HammondҲ˵:еֻ˼ϱֿPhillip E. Hughes dzȷָǵעIJṩһԹѧѧĴʾĻ͸˸֮עPhillip E Hughes, A Commentary on the Epistles to the Hebrews p 165 ³˹(F F Bruce )ͬķʽڹھĵص㡣˵:Щ־κйߵѧĽ۶ΣյģҲûбҪ˽Ϊ֮ͬ֡˼ǣĻ̽еǿDZʶĶʹá롹ʺᵽ͹ǽ贿һ޴ϵƵĿǿijǿ͸⣬Ҳָ˵ԣıԣһͬ͸ԵĻΪһһϵĸ壬޷ֿھ￴IJԪƵ顢ꡢ֣ϵ͸ĵĻ

ǰ壺23 է֮£ھĵȷΪϣԪۡȻDZעǣǿǡصȫԡˣȻԪԵģ˼ȴһԪġ顢ꡢЩʵʹáǿ˴˹İԡStacey John Robinson ͬ H.W,Robinson Ŀھĵ

Ⲣ˸ϵͳԽʣƾԼ5ڵһӡǽھУƵоǿ˸ԡ

Ridderbos ҲκΰھΪԪ۵ڹ֮͡ΪԵ(Ǵͳ)һַdz϶(plerophoric)ıֲͬķʽ˵ȴ֮ܶκرѧѧ塣עRidderbos,Paul, p121 Ridderbos ڱбƣᵽ pnuema ʱ˼ psyche һ psyche һpneuma ָӴѪˡRidderbos Ϊǰ23ֻһַʽᵽˡʱá项ʱá꡹֮䲢ǾмԵIJ졣(pp.120,121)ñ޵ھ֧ԪǺǣǿġౣ޵ľУǰ23˵Ĺľġþĵᄈûʾԡ

DZԪ۵һҲǵ֮ڡһۼ˵Ԫԡָģ̵ϵԽԣ༴鳬Խ壬ġ⣬Ҳ̵صĹԽԡˣԽģֻΪеģΪ֧ԵɲݡԽǰͼԪ۵߼ȻۡڴˣStacey ܹܽһ㣺

ͼԪ漰Ĺ -- ܼ硣ǰߵĹϵΪУߵĹϵСˣȽʵҲȽơ˫аģΪȣδӳ(пüﶼ)ڶʹ޷רѰ

ԽԵԼԪѧ֮С鱻ΪϽӽ񣬶֮Զ˺Լ壬֮ͬʵԼԵһݡȻûн̵ soma sema 屾аģ(עNee ˡ139-140,ڴָDzѧңΪڱǶ;ǣdzǡȨķΧ⣬ʰıݡĹߡҪӲáļˣPaul Siu ˶ʿָϽ̵屾ġ˵Ǵġ)ȴҲûΪͬڻҲͣˣĻ-- ˼ʹ -- ֵ֮Ҳˡɴ˿ɼϲѧƹѧоɹһҲΪġΪЩǡģûֵġ̵Ĺ֮ԽӦþв˲ҵǽһ㡣

Ӧþ

˺͵ֻϾ۵Ӱ

ϵĽ̵ͽʱͽֱԣ顢顣ȫжԵ鼰ȫͬԴͷͱԣͬʱͽϣܶʼijͻˣص˽֮ļҾڡ项ÿҪ֧ȫˡ֮ȷ֡Ľ̵һ¡ΪͽǵѾҮʮּıѪˡȻǵȴ뱻ʮּܶԸȻҮձʮּʱͽľҲһͬȥͬʮּܣֻеͽ֧ȡʱ͹۳ɾ͵ʵܳΪ۾ǿҵزֿʽľۡ־۹ָһȫľȶڹע̷ͳлͷţºԴ -- ǴʹdzΪ˵ĸ֮ -- ͷšƣϺʥľȶָΪͽǵþʱǵѾˡ˵ֺϺʥĹ۵ǣ͸ҽǵҽǵУһúõĹӡˣԿ˵Ĺ۵㣺֮ԲΪѱƻ𣬶ֿܵDZ֪Ҫһ㣬ڳʥĹУⲻǵĻҪǣʹdzΪʥࡣҪʱ䡣ˣǵΪԼȫ

ݻ£̵ֱͬʱͽеĹ˵ֻӰ졣ָڵֻĽ̵

ͽΪָٹ̵ر˴Ϊеġԡıԡ͡µıԡDZ̵˲ԳΪˣǸܡҲ޷ıʵδı䡸䱾ԡֻһ±ԡӴˣԣһֻܷһȴܷ˱ - ֱ֮⣬˱ʲôȻΪһֳ־ -- ֱ֮䣬ʱһߣʱһߣʹǸöݵĿơ

µо̵ȫͬ޷ںϵıԱ쾡¡ⷽĽ̵֮ǣȫ֧λˣʥ顣ֻʥ鹤ʱйءǵ֧䡣ˣͽ͸ʥ˵ĽЭΪˡ

Ƕʥ˽ǣʥһҲһ̡ǡȷˣֻǻδȫ¡ˣصʥĹֻʥܹʹͬԼΪˡͽʥĽУҲʥĹϸº͸ıǣʹǸڶгʹǵʥȫ

һҪģDZָԳʥָIJڳ֮֮һξ -- ijʽġڶζ䡹˹Ľ̵Ϊȫʥȫʥ֤ͽԳΪȫԵijʥͬʱϵһ档ʼһĽʽʥ̡ʥΪṩָʾһ˵Ŭ֮ʥǿԼŬɵġĶ͡ųʥųһanthony Hoekema гųʥ;1) ͸ļϣ2) ƾĽܣڻ޷ǣ3) ƾ֧ȡʥԼ 4) IJһܵ٣һܹĵıʹܹӡΪҪǣDZʶʥҲ͸ġһĴӳʥгȥǾͿܻ֮С
Berkouwer ƣֻ͸ģDzʹdzʥ롸ơɷ塣

ȻǿųʥĶͣȴųͽλϲõǿԺ Hoekema ͬ˵ʥȻĹͽȴݻĽɫ John Murray dzؽĹͽĹ֮Ĺϵ

еĹΪǹͣ٣ǵĹҲΪͣ١ֹϵϸ˵һֺϵǸ԰ԼĽɫߵϻͲĹЧ湤ԼҲֹϵǣΪǹ

ֺϺʥȷ˳ʥԴҲͬʱȷͽΡһֹϹǿ˵Ŭ֮һ̵ֹĻһԪıԡ

͹ܵԽ

صĽ̵ڹǽԽģ֧塣˵ɲԭȵĽ׼ϵԺԭȵĴߵˡʱͽԭȵĹԽԻָˡʥƹͽ飬ʹָԻ쵼塣ȻǵһλԽԸˣΪ Olshausen һ˶̵ֽע Laidlaw Olshausen ˳֮ĹϵPneuma -- ԽԾҲͬʱָԴʵPsyche ϵͲεܶãƶƺΪΪһ֮䡣)ȻɵӦþ֮ϸһոµǿԽԺͱԽʥ񡢿Ѻ;ȶĽ̵ȣϰﶨΪ־̽µ˷ʱʵǡ꡹ڶΪֻ˵йأ޹ءDzʥġBerkouwer ۵ԶԪʱָԵĸߵ֮ѧУӦǶϽ̵У

Ȼأʥ˹۲ָߵͲֵ֮ĸΪ - аͽ - δһԲͬIJݵĽǶ˵ijݳϹϵʥѰֲ񡣵δֲ棬ˣ񲢲ijݵġ

͹ԽԶʥЩ۵ԴԪۣܵϣԪ۵Ӱ졣ֹʥˣԴЩ۵Ӧþۿ϶ƫ

ͱ֮

ѧΧڣ˴ͱֱ֮ģ⡣йĽ̵ϣָʱܵǡԼ - ķDZڴǵʱ롸ϢһںĽУָ˵项ϢʱġνġԼģDZָΪʱ͸ǵʥ顣˵ȷġԪ۵ʱģɼδĥؽʹЩʡϸı÷˲ҪĻ⣬̵ġijΣƷ뱻֮֡ƣȻʥǵ֮в죬ʵȴѷֱߡָ:ǵ顣⣬飬ʱijȥ˵ȥҲʥȥϵijһʵΣҲһȷ򣺽̵˵鱻ɡǣҲһ෴Ŀԣ鱻˵ɡ˵:ʥ鹤ʱʵ˵项˵֮ȷϵӦ Smith ˵ģԼ˵֮ĹϵཻɡϵȱϽѧԺױڹ̵ͣ뱻֮ûֵġ

ϵĻ

һԪ

һԪһеŽ̵һԪ(monism)ʵһѧڡһһͳһԭԽ;еһжԪԡӦ̵ġһϣǿ԰ĻһԪ۹ΪϵһԪۣ˹۵ΪֻһֱʴڣжԪռ϶Dzʵġ

ϸĸи֡ǡľķչĻһԪۡĽ̵˻⣬ͽҪκҲӦκڻͽһоǻˣڡڶξȶУҪľʶΪһڻǡһеĴС̵һԪʱĽ̵һֺǿҵġжƣ㴥ǻʱʹȻ㴥ΪʱضΪģԽԻͽɳ·һֺҪӰ졣ܻᴦһֲʡ״֪ԼǷѰһ棬ҪֻǵȺˣȫֹⱻ˻ʱͲ˼ž塣ͬһҲָǿǵʱǾͻʶһֻǵĻԾDzҪġDZѧϰѧϰȺӰԴͷܿ׷ݵǶˡ˼һΣǣ塣

ϵĻͽ̵

ͽ

ϵĽ̵ġһڱȨϵͳơǿǣϳ˽̵Ǯа⣬йĻҵ;ûΪڱаġȻЩջͽޣյǽϵͳȻūǡڹаģϣȴаˣPaul Siu ָϽ̵籾а˵ûиݵġѱˣͽ뱻硣ĻͽΡDZΪĹ⡣

Ҫע⡣ȣϵĻͽжԵĹԴڽ̶ԪۡڶԢ;ʱĩ۵ĽΪУ˺ȻŻͽӦ룬жϵ⣬ͽȻĹ⣬Ǹ֮⣬紫ڽ̶Ԫ۽̵硹롸硹ֻ֮ѻȨֻһΧڻͽΣֵĹһ൱͡项Ĺ۵㣬ͰѴξڴˣϴδ̵ĻʹķʷԢ;ǰɵǰǧۣǿĻ̬ȡʱйʮ·ڣ̽µؽЩƿܼǿϵǰǧ۵ı壬Ļα̬ȡʱƺһڣΪйһŶOĻͽκػ⡣George Marsden ָʱǰǧ߶ⷽIJȱȤɺܶࡣMarsden ˺ü㣬ĵǡӦϣl) һµǿʥΪʥ࣬ǰǧ˶нΪ˻Ļ̹۵㡣ʥڸйһ͸˾ʶʥĹжΪ˽жķΧ 2) ͽӦñܿжΪƹʱ עֵһǣMarsden ڴָϴͽ֮⣬ǰǧɺʥɵIJŴϵУȷܿβһиݵɡ 3)ǿǰǧ۵ԣԼ 4) ѧǿҷӦΪѧһŶḣͬ۵ġصĸΪḣвǿػǿػ¸ϢƺѾʧȥˡĻεֱۿӰ˻˻ͽһ϶Ļγ൱̬ȣΪаġǵҲΪ򣬰Ŀδ˽̻ϲͶػ⣬ĸĹ۵󲿷ݿ׷ݵϼ˵Ȱ㣬ĶԪ۵ıȻ͸Ҫ硹ںŷdzЧش˼롣

ʥʵ

ϵʥʵĽ̵˵ԪӰʵ˼У֮϶в졣¼ı󣬴ʵ塣ֻʥܹ͸ʾ͹δǽʵ塣 ̵ֽΣڣʹ¼ΪþﲢʵеģˣڡϡʵġûֵҪʥ͸ʾ͹Ľ̵ʹκ¼ֵֹ۵϶塣徭ɡе䡹ҰIJʱؽµĽ

ϵʥ

˵һλ߾ʥˣԹʵȫ̵ͬ¾Լʮ顣⣬Ҳʥɿԡ

ΪϵʾۡһĬʾʾʥʥĬʾǻͽڶʱʾֻʾʱһһθ˵Ļʾڸɵ൱Ѱġ(Carl Henry)ΪûϽֹպʾϵôʳģɵˣDzΪϸĬʾ͡ʾµĶ屾ص⡣жϵĶԪΪʥÿֱһض飬ֹζţҪĻ˵ʥ顣Ԫ۳ΪһΪļܹʥ֮ϡˣֻ͸ĶʥֻС龭оǿԱɺġʴˣϵһֹе򣬼ʥĵʷԡԳ뾭ĵĻʷķʽĶġ

ڶȷָģϰѸ˾߾һֶԵλãʹʾĿ͹ԾӴΡˣһ⡣ٺҲ⡣˵:ʥһ̤ʯʾȥΪҪ߾ʾλʥ͹ļֵˡӴˣʥǺı׼ ˣĻҵĻֲͬĶ߱ǰ߸Ϊáֲλʥ˻ƫ˻ΪԼڴ˻Ͻѧ

˵һλֱӻӴ߰ټ̻Dzݺӡڻ˽̻ʷϣûһλͽ˻Ի͵ijɾͣ򷢻ԶӰ졣Ӻͳ˼˻˵˼ģʽ˵ȷģǿ˵˻˻ͽ˼ģʽѧ̵һʻ㼸⻪˻ͽ˼뷽ʽѪ֮׵ĻĸΪǿҡ֪λе(ʮһ38)Ѿọ̃ӭİ۽ӻʱָоͻᱻһȻ𾴵ĸд

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ķеڹΣԶӰ죬ҲʵʵӦáȣǿԾ񣬼ΡԴʹط̻;϶̻ᡣڶ̵ġͽԼ˾ʹйĻͽܹԤԼٵĹȨΪ̨Ժ󣬼ʿййͽܹ֮˼ҵת䣬ܱȣĹDzĥġҪǣѳʹѧһѪѧйͽʿ

ϵ湱ڽʵõIJ棬ⲻʾǰߺ޹ϵǿѵγ̺͵ط̻ġ񲼵Ϻ͹ɽѵ(ҩ빺ѵ)ΪٰͬرѵᣬʱΪںü¡Щѵ⣬Ҳṩʵʵѵ署ѧЩ߳׷ߣȳϵĴط̻һİ꣬й빲ȨǰһڸݵĹ־ٰͬѵᣬڼ䴫ʮõĻγϵУ˼İͬ£̨ܺͬչˡ񲼵 -- ѵǿͲ· -- ʵʵ;ǿЧʵԾеĵ񣬼Դ⣬Ҳʵġ˽Լ˾Ľ̵ ⣬˭ܹԤй̻ἴʧȥݵɣ̻ҲʧȥѧѵĻ᣿Ȩ֮ڱƹһСʹΪߣԤװй̻һʱ֮սЩйж˶̻뵥 йʷĽǶѧһص㡣йĻʾйҪһλΪܹľҲָܹҵҪ·ԱؽᡣεܡϵĴͳֵԼĻĻԻֻһͬҲʧȥе޷֧һٱᡣйdzȻߣȫûȤϵϣԪۡʱĩۺԢ;ʹѧĨһŨŨġ͡ɫʣʹһйˣر֪ʶӵΪʵʡ

Ȼɹʵԭ򣬲ȷָģȴδȫ̻ᡣע Jonathan Chao ϺͬȻɹһЩ̻ᣬȻǵıɫŬȴʧˡΪ޷йĻ͹ҵĿ⣬Ҫǣ޷չһױɫѧѧӰIJֻһЩɫΡĻʵѧԭϵйģعʷʱǿܻ˵֮ӰӰ죬ܵϺʥѧӰ죬ǻ۴ӱй̻ʷҪдȻֻӰһ˵ѧжôҪԶȨ⡣

ѧڸɴͳķΧڡޱͬʥԺͿɿԡҲ̵ų塣ҮջıѪ븴·ഫ⡣ǿԣӦʹѧȷĽͷȻŹǿĻһԪۣŬ֮Ȼʧɫ

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