ΩԸƽˮʹ罭ϣ
et revelabitur quasi aqua iudicium et iustitia quasi torrens fortis

 

᲼Ļ֮̽

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-᲼顶ĻȻһŵѧϵѧTypologyоͬһչʾĵͼָѧڡ̻硱ϣжĿԼѡΪĻĽҪͽ⣬1ĻļֵͽסԳһϵͳͽǡоҲǡϵ֮ǡݴʹ̻ΪܡҪ˵ͽһҪҳϵۣһҪҳϾЧҵĹơ
̻ʷѧҼ֤˵ûеһĴ𰸣ֻǿɹɳɼΪջͽָÿһͶԸصġĻҲвͬʽӦ𣬲ЩͬӦҲгݵͬڣͽǡҮաĻĺĻ˽һ㶨ϡ2

ΪʥϢĪָӣҮջϵҮյĹϵҲѧҮոȨۡӡ⣺һˣһһǴһط磬һǴһط3һǻͽȻĹ۸УһҲڻڶԻ̵̻ͬ򷴶ԵȲͬġڻѧгһҪ⣬ԼĻУʲô˵Ĺϵ

ΪʷչеĻֲ̣ͬʽش⣬شʽɽ綨ΪĶĻ뼫˵һ£ĻʽȽϽӽȥֱ϶ĻIJͬáһάֻĻԭIJ죬ȻһЭ˶ԭ4

ȻϲҪȷȥ̬Ǽÿһ̬߼̬ΪοȽϡÿһ̬Ժʾơɷ븣ȻγµġĻϵӦȻˣⲢ˵ʷijһ˻ijһ壬̬ʮʺijͣʵЩ˻̬ĺʺһ͵Ľ綨ϵѧ޷ǰйػͽĹϵϣһ־ܵķоʹս̻Ĺϵģʱҳһ·

1.ĻChrist against Cultureܾͣtype of rejection

Ļּ֮һڷĻ̬Уͽֻ϶ΨһȨҾܾĻţԼһֻǿȨͽ̬ǣҪϵ£磬ľͲˡ215ڣȻڶͳΣϵ֮ǵľòڡڵڶУĻĻͽرǿͽѳΪµ壬̫˼֮ġȺa third race5

̸TertullianҲΪϵ۵ĶҮջȨĽʦԣǼĴĻУԻͽĶȻĻȻĶ޷dz̵ᣬĶۡڽӪΪǻͽˣʹͽҳܵգԻͽӦָ磬רѰ

رֵһģԵʱʢڽ̻ϣ˼ַԿΪ̻᲻Ӧ˹ǻͼ˼ȱ֤ѧڡ˵ϣ˵ͽͽ޹ͬ㡣ͽȻѧϰѧҪΪרҵԿѧ׺Ƕż̴ǡΪǡĻӰ6

ѧ죬޷ǡ޵塹ˣ޵ȻǻͽһֱȻ֣һ棬ǿĽƣꡱĽƣƶԼʶĽƣ򡰷ӡһҲͽᷳĻ֯壬ͼӼͥѧУƶȻĽ̻ᡢʮ͸СɣSectarianism壬ѧĺҲǡ޵塹ٰ棬ͬƶȻĽ̻ᣬΪֻڻȨ֮µĻͽףͽ

ڵŵᣨMennonites͹ᣨQuakersдŵ᲻ֻ׼ͽμܾ۵⣬ҲγһԼľüϵ񡣹տʼʱҲ󣬲ѳȻͬ

ʮͶѧж˹̩Leo TolstoyĴҲ˵һ͵ִں϶ԣҮջȳԵľĻƶȵĶֻѶԣ϶ĶʵĻ֮Уϲ˳ƶȣΪͽӦҮջɷ³ΪֿĻĶʿ

Ļÿ涼ܵѣӹƶȵѧų֮£رΪһйͻͽ֪㣣ҳϵԼ˰ƶ۵ȡһͽ֪ƲԭڹҽȨӦã̻صǻͽеİˡǫIJͬ㵼½̻Ҳܲ棬ж˹̩ĻͽΪıȻ֡

⣬ƶҲϵķ£ΪƲȨǿᡢķֹƶҲԣΪֹƶȨ׼ԴɣЩȨ׼֪ʶӡҵȵȣ޷եȡijɹԺλͶ׼Ϊģ˴ȡһͶ߸ߵijӦãΪĹ׽Ͷ߸󼰸мֵ˵˽Ľϵľùۿ˽ˣ϶һʽ޷ԴԸ7

᲼ΪЩͽĴڣĻͽ彫ⷽ棬ǽ̻һֱIJԣȻҲв˵һ棬ΪȻϿ϶ȻʵжϣȴһųĻƶȶΪķ񶨡˵ûһǰDzĻɫʼûһ˴ȻȻУûгΪĻӰˡ߿ذʾǿӷֿĽ͵»ͽʵܰγɵĻԵں˵ûѧԴʣҲ޷ϸλһ塱ж˹ֻ̩һȥֱδе֪ʶ롰ĻѸܵԡIJͬνġ֪ʶԴԡѸܵĻеԡ8

2.ĻChrist of Cultureͬͣtype of identification

Ե˵ġĻͬ͡ͻ϶ڻĻĽϣĻǣ˵̫еԱɣEbionitesͬڴλǣ̫ĻµҮաУϣеŵ˹ɣGrosticsҲѻϣĻǻϣΪʾߣǴͷų

رŵ˹ɵ˼ǰѸ뵱ʱĿѧѧںΪһҲɴʮԽ˵۵ijԿDz£AbelardҲƵڶ͵ŵ˹ɣҮΪʦѸĻҪںһ9

ִУʮ͵˶ҲΪѰһԻĻܸѷThomas JeffersonѻΪ½ߣѸΪԴǡ£Immanuel KantԴԣpure reasonĹ۵̣ʿգSchleiermacherҲѻΪۺ޼ýԭǻԳĻһˡ

ʮ͵Albrecht RitschlҲͬΪ׼ԵڽתΪԵڽ̡ҳ׵ķۣ˵־ΪҪԼԼ۵Ϊ˫س㣬ѧʵǡĻ͵ѵ䷶10

ĻĻͽ˵õĻʽͬʾͬҮյĵѵѾĻǻһ㡣Ҳγʮߵһ㿴ڽУ䱾ʵľԺԽԡ᲼Դ͵ǣĻѧȥĻͽ۵ʱȥѧĻչʽı֤˵ѧĻ˽ıУѸĻʱѰԼѧ棬ѧʧȥɫΪڶѧҵһԱڶ࿴֮һѡ

3.ĻChrist above Cultureۺͣtype of synthesis

ʥϢ֧1316ڰȨΪۼĻۺϡͬһʱɽĸ⣨Clement of AlexandriaǵʹʹͽΪĻһرΪϣѧҲΪϣʶĽʦ11⣬͵İǣThomas AquinasҲǵʹdzԽϻͽ˹µ˼ΪĻۺϡɴ佫ѧѧᣬ£Ȼʥɷںһ¯12

϶ԣۺ߱һҪԭ򣬼ߺ;һ壬Ҳ˵ܾΣٻ졣˵ǵۺǺܽӽλһһԴϵıΪۺȻĴϵҮջڵʥͬһʡ

Σ밢ǽԿ϶ͽΪDzĻȱɾͶ˥΢ΪĻ֮ϡ֪һҪߵĹ߿ɷһ¡ȻĻɴɷһʱҲһ⣬԰ѻĻһŬʹʱһһϵͳɳԻ

ָϵ۵ĿĺԵȻп̫ױijһĻԵ͵ͬԵΪΪϵ۵ҪĿģɴ˶ԵĻԻΣա˵ۺDZΪȱʷ˽⡣13

ۺѻͽ۵ĻԻһۺߵҲijһضѧ˼ϵʱһҡļۺ߿ɻش˵ʱɾΪѧ֧ǿܵģȻѵǣۺ޷ϤۺϵۺϵĹУпʧȥɫ

4.еĻĻChrist and Culture in paradoxԪͣtype of dualism

ԻĻۺǿпɴӻĻԪпۺߣԪǹȻزڶϵͳεķϵ۵ʵԼʵ֮ijͻΪڽĻ⡣ڻĻԭԵģǺ޿ܻۺϡ14

ᳫ͵˿ɴӱҵʥ֧رйʵϵ֮ĽŹϵ15ʮ͵ڽ̸ĸ·()Ǵ˶Ԫ͵Ҫرڷ븣֮ǿҷֱ͵ϹȵϡĶԪ忴Ҳʮ͵루˹Sren kierkegaadƷеɫп16

˶ԪĻDzؾŬ湦£ϵɵ񡣻ϵͽý飬˻DZϵۣϵ۵Ѿٵ˼䡣ԵģĻ๤ijɾ־Ҫпϵ۵ĻĴк֯ϣھУҲɴԼӵʥʵ֤԰ԡ

Ԫ֪ĻDzܴĻҲ֪ǻͽҲ޷Ӱ롣ȻͬʱԪҲϵ۵ĻĻҲȻʥߵͳϽΪ龳ԪߵΪԴǾΪԵġ

˵ĶԪ̬һйػͽıͱȽϣԪDZȽϹעйϵˣĶ̬ԡԾ붯̬ǿһֵ̬Ҳǽע̬رڱƺõĿϡ

Σ᲼Դ͵ǣڶԪȥΧĻܵĻͽfaithѧtheology˻֡Ʃ磬ڵµIJϣͽѧƺδԷɺţܶԪɫҪвĻ˥ߵаֱĽʹ·˼ҲòĻ壬ҲǰѷɡƶȽԿΪǷֹķĻֻǷֹ״̬߶ѡ

5.ĻĸߣChrist the Transformerͣtype of conversion

ͶԻĻ˽ǺܽӽԪ壬ҲйԪߣĻìһȻͬʱҲĻϵͳϽ֮£ڻ֮СĻʥΪΪʹʵ

ѻΪ߶ߡȻdzȥжģȻҪҽа뼲ʹػҲʥ֧رԼеġϢ17¹˹ʷĹ۵㼰ԼӶģJohn CalvinĻְݿΪʥĿĵ͡18Լ˹John WesleyҲˣرͼʹ˵ֿתΪϵ۶ŮŬ

һ棬ŴߣʹDZʾԪ壻һ棬߶Qʵ˽ȥͬһĻΪҡĻ衣ˣߵѧۺԪѧȻͬġ

Ȼ͵Ķ̬Ҳʹ䲻򼱽壨radicalismͶԪ壨dualismաԼһıȻһͽֱ֮Ĺ۵㡣¹˹Ӷĵĩ۵ĶԪ壬Q˽ʤڴ֮ĸ

᲼Ҳʮ͵ӢѧĦ˹F. D. Maurice˼뿴Ϊǡ͡ĴĦ˹˵Ϊʾ˽ԣҵΪ˽Ϊ˶䣬ڿΪҲɿڿ߱˽ԣڽŵĸУϣ壬Ҳߺ˽ԡ

ڷԶԪ壬Ħ˹˴ͳʹ䡱Ŀʹȹ۵ԿҲǻȵȫʵΡڽ̣ھõײԣǵԸ룬ϵȻͳһУӹȥֱδĻһڻͳ֮¡ȻǻĻڹ͡19

С

ĻһԵ⣬ֲ̬ͬԳνÿһĻ͵ij͡ڻڽѧڣһ⽫ٱ޲Խ޵Ľѧ绯ѧ˶Ļֶһ㡰أҲӡ֤ѧĻԾ޷ijѧtypologyʽ޶ɣ

ע

οH. Richard Niebuhr, Christ and Culture (N.Y:Harper & Row, 1951) ,뱾Ϊ顡᲼ĻӢ󣬹ɭ루̨ϣѧԺЭֻ̨ᣬ1967ٰ棩ҳ9
οڶµڶڡΪһ塹Ӣpp.11-29ҳ10-26
Ӣpp.28-29ҳ25-26
οһµĽڡһЩ͵Ľ𡹣Ӣpp.39-44ҳ35-39
Ӣp.49ҳ47
йʿĻ۵ɲοӢpp.51-55ҳ48-52
йʮж˹̩Ļ۵ɲοڶµڶڡж˹̩ĻľܾӢpp.56-65ҳ52-60
йش˿ɲοڶµĽڡѧϵ⡹Ӣpp.76-82ҳ70-75
οµһڡŵ˹Dz֮ӦĻӢpp.83-91ҳ80-86
οµڶڡĻɸӢpp.92-101ҳ87-97
Ӣpp.125-128ҳ122-125
Ӣpp.129-137ҳ126-134
йشɲοµڡΪۺϡӢpp.141-148ҳ137-143
ԪصɲοµһڡԪѧӢpp.149-159ҳ145-154
йر޹۵ɲοµڶڡʿĶԪ۵㡹Ӣpp.159-167ҳ154-161
·£ã루˹۵οµڡ·ĶԪۡӢpp.170-185ҳ164-177
οµڶڡĸеĸ۵Ӣpp.196-206ҳ189-197
¹˹ӶĹ۵ɲοµڡ¹˹Ļ졹Ӣpp.206-218ҳ197-207
Ħ˹Ĺ۵ɲοµĽڡĦ˹ĸۡӢpp.218-229ҳ208-217

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