ΩԸƽˮʹ罭ϣ

 

¼

ı༭

1ʲô

2

4ɡƽ

5

6Ȩƺ

9

10Э

11ʱ塢

12μ

13糱

14ָ

1ʲô

һγڹԪǰ5ͣ˺ԼһֱһǰһֱǸθҲ˵ֻζ

ԣᡤۡ磬1992꣬9ҳ

ΡС

ֿϣ˹˵

(SOURCE: Internet, Subject Index: Quotes on Democracy)

ΪﵽξһƶϵİţְУijЩͨȡѡƱõȨ

Լɪܱ

ԣԼɪܱأʱ塢ӡݣ1979꣬337ҳ

һֹҵܷʽԱ֤ڲʹñĵǰ֮ʹϱͳߵԸһԭɵմ˵ԸִDzôսͿԽƷЩܵӵƵִλĹеѡٻר˾ְʹĸƽȡĥԼѪؼɡ

롤ɪ˹

ԣ롤ɪ˹塷йѧ, 1994꣬81ҳ

ƶ£ͨѡԶƱھѡѡѡƱμӾ˲Ǹ˻ɱ֯ΪĿĶַ֤֯ѡٳйصϵɣɺͽɡDZȻγƶȻܵɱңֱɵķƶһ̶ϲܵȨơ⣬ѡٱ붨ھУɰȨּʱʱޣѡٱܵκˣʩѹκһѡʧܣͱȨµѡȡ֮µѡɳΪδѡȨ˵Ĵˡ

˵á

ԣ˵áܣʱձ磬1993꣬52ҳ

಻ͬĺ壬վѧеһῴô壬רָһƶȣȷе˵רָһϵƶȻγǿеη棬ζеġⲻڿǵķΧ֮ڡ

˵á

ԣ˵áܣʱձ磬1993꣬51ҳ

гΥ󣬵αִУƱȲƸױᱩʹõıԶԶȨʩӵıҲṩйĴܵʹӺͷɵڱǵˣͷɶ໥ԿҲŷ涨֮ڸͲϵضֹߵĻᣬάȶҺһҹ֮䷢ϷԵı仯仯ͨº͵ĺͽġ

͢

ԣ͢٣ʮĩ˳Ϻ棩

ȣԱֶν֮ڲ϶ҪԡβͨӲ߳еijƽˣҴһʹԴﵽĿijΪҪĺսϲǵľ档ɱʾ׷ĿdzͨġβҲҲԴﵽĿġӸ˵ڽȫƶ£һDz֮١

ƶ

ԣƶӡݣ1988꣬227228229ҳ

һƶȣ˭ҲѡԼͳΣҲȨԼͳΣˣ˭ҲȡĺͲƵȨ

ԣᡤۡ磬1992꣬214ҳ

רЧԸ߰Ĵȡõġ׳۵ıӾķŭ벻ͻIJΡĽ취ЭƶȲƺƴؽ⣬Һ̸Чɴࡣ

ڱһר屣ԼԭЭDZΨһɹѡİ취ܾЭΪһֿԿǵһֶαȻDZǰࡣ

ƶ

ԣƶӡݣ1988꣬185187ҳ

ɵѡ˭ܵ

˹˵

(SOURCE: Internet, Subject Index: Quotes on Democracy)

ЩѱԹ壬α塣

񼪶

(SOURCE: Internet, Subject Index: Quotes on Democracy)

ڷУǿԸݼƸѡΡѧʶԶΪ䡣ҪijDZͳεɾԵѡѡ䡣

͢

ԣ͢٣ʮĩ˳Ϻ棩

ۼԽԽע֣֮һġаĺһǾġġƶȵĺDZõĽǣֻкһָܹṩϵ׼ȷԺ;ϵIJӶʹ֮Ϊõĸù淶ͳ̽ͻȻ˥䣬ѧˣұһоȡоּƶȵıʡƶȵʽǵ˥ԭ

һʮ͵Ƿݵı׼ǣļǷɹƽͶڵѡٲѡкѡ˿ɵѡƱһеij˶ͶƱȨַʽ綨ΰһǾһDz롣

ֳṩɸ׼㣬Щ׼㣬ܹжƵʲô̶ȾģԱȽϲͬƣ ҲԷЩǷˡ磬һƵ˾ܾIJֳԱͶƱĵزôƾDzġͬأһǵ˲ԵμѡٻǷԵܵơɧŶΪǷԵıֽ⵽򱻹رգѡƱݡͳƴij̶ȣôҲDzġκУκҪķڹְԱѡս⵽ϵʧܣȻйľ̶һ⡣

͢

ԣ͢٣ʮĩ˳Ϻ棩

2

νһ֮ϣƽɲƽ֮

˹Ͽ

(SOURCES: Internet, Subject Index: Quotes on Democracy)

ҲԸūҲū仰ҶĿ

ֿ

(SOURCE: Internet, Subject Index: Quotes on Democracy)

ʵʹΪܣʹΪҪ

¡᲼

(SOURCE: Internet, Subject Index: Quotes on Democracy)

еŹ壬ΪһһСΪᶼĸҪ

ʽ

ԣ˹ ȣʽйѧ磬1993꣬8ҳ

໥ͻʱԵͷͶƱķʽȷõ֧֣Ȳȡսķʽɱ͡ʷֵΨһĺƽķ

Ү

ԣҮˣԭ꣬1997꣬131ҳ

ǽΨһЧķһγĹ̡εԽ֮һѡͳһַһһʵڴ󲿷˶γĻ൱Աɹѡ

Ү

ԣҮˣԭ꣬1997꣬132ҳ

ߣΪȷģΪͳ֪ıײٵĴͳ

ն

ԣն뷴ѧ֪ʶϺij磬1986꣬500ҳ

רǣ£ԲѪƷר򲻿ܡ

ն

ԣն뷴ѧ֪ʶϺij磬1986꣬500ҳ

Ͻʹ˽ĻɵУҲȫеġļֵ֮һΪΪܹؾصһ

ƶ

ԣƶӡݣ1988꣬60ҳ

˵ǽ˵ǰһڳǰġֱӵġǸɵһԹҽΪ߽ġƵĺظ˵ɵֱоƻԺһء

ԣᡤۡ磬1992꣬167ҳ

ɵԽ࣬ʵָе˾Խ١ȣһʲôɣԽ֪࣬ǣԽʤǡΣԽ֪࣬ʶdzռԽʱ˵۱˵ö֪á֪ΪթŪߣҲΪ۱ūԱʱòܱøڱϱøΪӽͷΡ

ļ

ԣܶ١ѷļӡݣ1982꣬298299ҳ

ڹƶµʱΪ˱Э̺۵洦ԼֹΪ׵ĿĶԱҪﵽһĿһ棬Ϊ˱ڶɵĻҺ͹ҲӦи޶ȡڶʲôɣضȡǵȨÿոףŵÿιᶼں֮ڡ

ļ

ԣܶ١ѷļӡݣ1982꣬283ҳ

ֱ񲻼ϵֱӲʹȨں̶ܴһֶȨƺͼලϵڵƶ£˽ͳΣ˱ͳΣһǹңһǹЩרΣЩ˳żɹΡ෴ڹŴƶ£岻󡣡һǷֽѲֱôֱǷȡû塣

ԣᡤۡ磬1992꣬283ҳ

ӦˣDZƸñǸܸɵˡ

(SOURCE: J.S. Mill, Democracy and Government, in Geraint L. Williams (ed.) John Stuart Mill on Politics an Society, Fontana, 1976, p.162.)

緲Ҫ֯ЭҪԹȫļҵֶУְּ˾ձ鶼ܸɵΣôһĻʵǻۣЩ˼Ե⣬ƱضһڶĹŻȺƱֻעĿıһУһȺҪʲôָָӣд־ı˵ǨǣıŻ֮ı󲽲ͳΪҽȡΨһĿꡣ

(SOURCE: J.S. Mill, Democracy and Government, in Geraint L. Williams (ed.) John Stuart Mill on Politics an Society, Fontana, 1976, p.182.)

ѡٵƶȱ֤ı֤ɹȡϢߵѹṩġռ˵ͳߵһ֪ͨ

ԣᡤۡ磬1992꣬90ҳ

ưȨС˲ֵȨڴƶУ˭ҲûʹԣޣȨĵλΣͬʱڵǣڴƶУܹͨӺ͸Ȩ߶ʵʹȨȨ

ԣᡤۡ磬1992꣬76ҳ

ԶΪͳΣѡͳǵĴѡʽͬĹϵָֻǰ䲻ǺߵijȴıҪ͹ˡĸѡʽ˵Ǵġִƶȶѡƺʹƣ˲ѡٴѡʽԳġ

ԣᡤۡ磬1992꣬119ҳ

Ƕ֪䡢ż顢ѡסԷԵǿȼɧšηɺͽֹμᶼݡ

͢

ԣ͢٣ʮĩ˳Ϻ棩

ѡķʽѡ߾εľ裬ô̵Ĺؼǣɡ͹ƽѡвȡЩַɻֻȨľֲţֿûоɾѡѡ쵼ˡչɻȨͨͷηijЩڱۡż顢һЩͲĹְѡ١ijָˣԼѭķȡ裬߲ľ߽ѡ顣ɻɵ¡Ҳܲȫ

͢

ԣ͢٣ʮĩ˳Ϻ棩

ɺ͹ƽѡľ裬DzɻȱıҪѡٲҲЧʵ͡ܡӡλ˵ݣҲܲɹҪߡЩƷҲʹȡ˵һֹ£Ψһ£ֻаƵȷֿ»Ĺϵܵõ⡣

͢

ԣ͢٣ʮĩ˳Ϻ棩

еǶȨơңѡѡľ߲ӵоϸŵȨеȺȨ

͢

ԣ͢٣ʮĩ˳Ϻ棩

һϼ£ԳƾоԺϷԵķ壨ǰ壩ңʹһбϵȻ޴棬ܾκϵʡˣ壬ͳ˿ջΪijֶ׫֧֣ᱩū̸ۡ۵ִʽǹŴʽҲǻڸɵǽҪȫ鼯ʹȨֻҪˣҲˡ

ԣᡤۡ磬1992꣬402ҳ

Ҳѡ٣һȨƣͨ˾طΣ˵ı硢Ͳ뷽ȨɣһȨΪִƶԼѡٳƣشʩЧطʵ飬ýĿƽ޶ȡ

͢

ԣ͢٣ʮĩ˳Ϻ棩

4ɡƽ

ɵڲɶǽ֮ϡˣȨϣҪ֮ĻҪʹܷɵԼΪ

˹ѷ

(SOURCE: Internet, Subject Index: Quotes on Democracy)

ǰѹΪúƽֶξش͸ֳͻһԸ֮ϵĺ״ֹ̬£ÿһҪۣ죬ʵʩ

пά

ԣпάӡݣ1988꣬ϣ461ҳ

ξָһҪԸ˵ɼʵıϡ

Ү

ԣҮˣԭ꣬1997131ҳ

޵ȨһΣյĶҿκˣʹ޵Ȩֻϵۿӵ޵ȨΣգΪϵ۵ǻۺ͹ʼȨȵġûһȨ䱾ֵػӵеȨַʹԸжܼල㷢ʩ˵ơҿκһȨԾһеȨʱǰȨdzھʹڹ͹ʹҶҪ˵ǸӶҽ뿪ķȥ

пά

ԣпάӡݣ1988꣨ϣ289ҳ

ûбĹҸҪýȥֹרȨˡ

пά

ԣпάӡݣ1988꣬ϣ217ҳ

ΪṩҪǰǰѸ˿ֵΨһԴ

ԣղķʿϣɡг͹ҡѧԺ磬1989꣬253ҳ

һֶΣһֱϹڰ͸ɵʵֶΡһȷͿɿɵġ

Ү

ԣҮˣͨū֮·1997꣬йѧ磬71ҳ

һάɵֶΣôɱЧתһǸɵҪϣ֮ܲɡ

Ү

ԣҮˣԭ꣬1997꣬143131ҳ

ʱɣʱͱרơ

˹ѷ

(SOURCE: Internet, Subject Index: Quotes on Democracy)

ʾɲǽ޹ؽҪ⡣DzɡֻдִĺȨͬ⣬DzǶʵʵļ顣

ܿѷ

ԣƶӡݣ1988꣬155ҳ

ijޣרձĮ

пά

SOURCE: Internet, Subject Index: Quotes on Democracy

ɵʷһȨʷȨʷ

ޡѷ

(SOURCE: Internet, Subject Index: Quotes on Democracy)

ûзӵǻңûɵķūۡ

(SOURCE: Internet, Subject Index: Quotes on Democracy)

ĿIJΪıҸǸΪԼıҸᡣ

Ǯ

(SOURCE: Internet, Subject Index: Quotes on Democracy)

ɹңÿ˶Ȩκ˶Ȩ

ŵ

(SOURCE: Internet, Subject Index: Quotes on Democracy)

ڵĿУȻ뾭ɼԽϵһġǸɵĹңָǣһξҲûУҲ뾺ѡݳǸɵĹңһͨСҲල׹ǸɵĹң

˵á

ԣ˵áܣʱձ磬1993꣬50ҳ

dz־öĹʶѵөϰùռܡɹıҪȫ幫һпֵܳⶼԼ˼ɹļȨҪǷ˼ˡ

(SOURCE: Internet, Subject Index: Quotes on Democracy)

ƽȣֻϻƽȡ

ŷġ˹

(SOURCE: Internet, Subject Index: Quotes on Democracy)

ֻڸɱмֵͬʱЧƽȣõԭ򣩵õ֤ǰ£ܾ۵ش壬ֻܷĹ涨ԼƼжĹģͳ̶ȣƽȲܵõ֤

ԣղķʿϣɡг͹ҡѧԺ磬1989꣬253ҳ

ȣءҿܡҲȷù˵ȨɣǣһþȨΪ乫ṩ߶ȵİȫΰıϡ˵ĴɵʽԺܸߡȷһ̶ȵĸεһԱҪԪءijӰǣ˵ɡijϽе¡ǹɣɵռֵԹػͬҲػˡ

͢

ԣ͢٣ʮĩ˳Ϻ棩

۵ĺǣϺͱϺεЧķͨѡԼĴԼҪIJѡ١뻹ȨԼѡְ߰ѡˣԴ˲ΡΪʹЩȨ壬еĹ񶼱һЩϵɣۡдͳɣԼΪ˽кƽıҪĽͼɡ

ī

ԣīƣͨ½۴Ե뾭ɡ꣬1997꣬230ҳ

ۻȨΪǰȨβ޶֮ڣijֳ˽Ȩʹһ˿ֲ֧ڻӭصƲá

ī

ԣīƣͨ½۴Ե뾭ɡ꣬1997꣬231ҳ

5

ƶȾǷͳΣΪͳʹеܷ˰裬ΪƶһʵΪΪܷ˵ƶȲûĹңһձΪ˽һƹҡ

ԣᡤۡ磬1992꣬212ҳ

[]ĻṩɿܣĿڸ˿ԴһҵѰҪõĸļֵijͻԸ˵ȨԼṩκȨҪ

ԣղķʿϣɡг͹ҡѧԺ磬1989꣬260ҳ

ƶȲһƶȣһƶȡƶ漰λòȨƶ漰ȨָǶͳߵȨȷϲƵ塣

ʽ

ԣ˹ ȣʽйѧ磬1993꣬7ҳ

ܷԭ򣨼᲻ƶκηɰɣǣڹУɵάܷҲͬɵعܷʹŷĴ򹲲壬ǵͬɹĴʱһǣϣյġҵķܶġ˹˼ġԡκεطɵӡˢɵسۣɵطУɵĶɵطԡһ涨ĿġҲҪߡ߻ߵ档Ҫ˵Լƶ£ֻйءη޳ɺͷƶȵһDzʸķΡѹƵĹ۵ɣƵĻʯ

˶Լ

תԣƶӡݣ1988꣬152ҳ

άַΣͲܴá

Ү

ԣҮˣԭ꣬1997꣬313

ƶҪǹܹʵø߶Ⱦεֶβķɱж˽вƲĹ㷺ȨǾͲΪܹҵļ໤˶ڡ

ī

ԣīƣͨ½۴Ե뾭ɡ꣬1997꣬242ҳ

6Ȩƺ

һȨ˶ȨŲ׵һ顣ȨʹȨһֱн޵ĵطֹ˵ҪֹȨͱȨԼȨǿһƣǿκȥǿ£Ҳֹκȥɵ¡

ϵ˹

ԣϵ˹𣚣۷ľ񡷣ӡݣ1982꣬ϣ154ҳ

ȨȨͬһ˻ͬһ֣֮ɱ㲻ˣΪǺƶŰķɣŰִЩɡ

˾ȨͬȨȨҲͲˡ˾ȨͬȨ϶ΪһΪԹʩרϵȨΪپߡ˾ȨͬȨ϶ΪһٱѹߵȨ

ͬһ˻ҪƽɵͬһʹȨƶȨִйȨͲ˽˷Ȩһб㶼ˡ

ϵ˹

ԣϵ˹𣚣۷ľ񡷣ӡݣ1982꣬ϣ156ҳ

ûκϵȨиֵ߸ӴɱȨɫˡ˾ȨͬһУһˡ˻ˣϮġԼĻѡٵģɹض϶ΪŰ

ļ

ԣܶ١ѷļӡݣ1982꣬246ҳ

ҰıҰԿַıײǵԵһֳ衣ǶԵ裬ʲôأ˶ʹͲҪκˡʹͳˣͲҪκĻڵĿˡ֯һͳ˵ķʽʱڱʹܹͳߣ

ļ

ԣܶ١ѷļӡݣ1982꣬264ҳ

ڹУȨȻ֧λķǰطֳɲͬλԺƣòͬѡٷʽͲͬжԭʹڹͬõԼĹͬķΧڱ˴˾ٷϵ

ļ

ԣܶ١ѷļӡݣ1982꣬265ҳ

Ʊѧʵƽѧֹκθ

ʽ

ԣ˹ ȣʽйѧ磬1993꣬20ҳ

ȨָȨȨ˾Ȩֱᡢͳ߷ԺԺһָÿŶܷϵĶԣԼƽ(check and balance)ʹøֵЧӻֹŵIJж

ʽ

ԣ˹ ȣʽйѧ磬1993꣬5ҳ

ƵĶ֮ǣȨݵģܴӸջءȷе˵ܷȨijЩȨһЩȨڸݡ

ʽ

ԣ˹ ȣʽйѧ磬1993꣬5ҳ

7˵ר

ֻ޵ġԵȨͬҲ֤ȨһȷԵȨͬɻΪһר塣ȨǸεȨұܵɵĽƺԼ˵ȡжֻһһСŵķԸڲǣΪЩԴҵµˡĴΪ£ΪȨǿͨȨijʹһȨϷķɡѹԵƶȶΪǹıֶΪΪȱΣգΪı϶Ȩɣ˵ȴʹĬ

˹

תԣ˹̩ڣʷϵ˹𯵽ɭѧ׳磬1990꣬5758ҳ

ΪĶڹҷȨһСԣĺġҾܾһķʱҲǷ϶ķʩȨǴȨתȨЩƣֻ䱾йصϾԽԵĽޣ ҳغǵĶȫȨȻūԡ

пά

ԣпάӡݣ1988꣬ϣ288ҳ

ûţֻҪȨͨģͲרģ෴˵ҲDzȷģֹȨרϵIJԴǶơĿƿֹܻȨרϣǽĿƾһ㡣ƶȾһ񣬶ֱضҪòܸݶָȨʱضרϵȨ

Ү

ԣҮˣͨū֮·1997꣬йѧ磬72

֮£˵ȨҪܵЩΪͬܵԭƣκκϷȨЩԭ֮ϡdzȨôζŶȨԴҲܵԭ򣬲Щԭơˣκ鶼Ӧõ˵ͬ⣬δؾζŶڵʸΪΪ

Ү

ԣҮˣԭ꣬1997꣬130ҳ

жijǷǸɵĹңɿİ취Ǽһаȫij̶ȡ

˶ѫ

(SOURCE: Internet, Subject Index: Quotes on Democracy)

ҵĹ񲻽ñ˹ԼӸ棬ұֱ̱ӷԼԭ򡣡̷ԵIJijЩ֯ÿĸˣЩᱻȥֶѹǰֵˡҵǣʷУ󲿷ѹƷߵʷѹߺΪԼģǴġ

ƶ

ԣƶӡݣ1988꣬189ҳ

Ҫ乫ɵطκκѡˡ߻šԵɾԼ棬򹫿ɣκθѡ˵ɡַԣƣʹijЩڻ򹫿ijЩŷǷڶβ룬ӶҲȨͽȨһԱdzڶߵȨأҲΪ¹Աɺ͸ɺͷԵ߽͹Ҫɡ

ƶ

ԣƶӡݣ1988꣬126127ҳ

֮ڿУԭҪȨһ߱䷴ߺƽԸԸһ۹ҪʱԸȨøǡֻи߶ĹҲ²ʢҲֹֻҲŻ

ƶ

ԣƶӡݣ1988꣬189ҳ

ұǻжdz޴ķԡ̷ĶЩδ̼ʲֻҪڿͷϣҪҿƵʵжСһͽϵĶȫҳ״ģЩһ͹DzȨգͿ֡һջսᡣؼһֲĿơ

ƶ

ԣƶӡݣ1988꣬189190ҳ

ƶȵĸһʽϵķɺϷڡĻǣҪöԷ۵ɱعıۺͲͬɣǺ˵˵ɶҪͿлδϵģõļ⡣

Ĺؼ˼ɱֻй۵İȫĵطֻκ߶ҪܵϵĻɺͷĵطܱ֤˺Ͷ˵Ȩõأ¹۾

ʽ

ԣ˹ ȣʽйѧ磬1993꣬11531154ҳ

9

ӳԶ˵ɾΣҵİȫǰĵʧΣǵİȫвѹȵģǴɶγɵĶְȫв

˶Լ

תԣƶӡݣ1988꣬153154ҳ

ĻαȨ

ķ

ԣ˹ ȣʽйѧ磬1993꣬109ҳ

ƶ£ֲͬDZľٶҩļֵζĸʿ࣬ҩЧĺûһ

(SOURCE: Internet, Subject Index: Quotes on Democracy)

û۵ѡٺԡ˵ȨûݡûԼĿնȨһ׷ȨһֿնȨ

ԣᡤۡ磬1992꣬90ҳ

10Э

ҵĹЭİ취ǵķ硣УҪģΪûЭûЭĺģκԭΪֳʵDzеġ

ƶ

ԣƶӡݣ1988꣬183184ҳ

11ʱ塢

ʱDzƽȵطϵ۵Ĵ͸Խ֮ƽȵطࡣ

񼪶

(SOURCE: Internet, Subject Index: Quotes on Democracy)

УǸΪʧ

񼪶

(SOURCES: Internet, Subject Index: Quotes on Democracy)

dz˵̡ʱ塱˴ʱ塱ζɴ˽вƲΪһƵĻôʶֻƶпܣǼҪġƶһ֧ʱɱؽл

Ү

ԣҮˣͨū֮·1997꣬йѧ磬71ҳ

һȫʵеʱҵIJɣʱʱڳֵʲ׼ʷ֮һֹϵ˼ʮģġʲ׼ڽ˼йΪʹá

˵á

ԣ˵áܣʱձ磬1993꣬51ҳ

ʱ塱ָǣһռλгãһظ˵ȨȨ׷ҸȨ壻ɼձ鹫ΪָĻơ̬֮ںΪһתһ壬һгʽϵľƣһԪҸ߶ɵĵĻơ

ڳĹ۵㿴г֮ϵһʷɺϡҵ۵ǣֹҪеöࣺʵֻгüݡǣƱ˶ԪĻмȡ֡

˶ŵ߿

ԣ˶ŵ߿ˣʱľ񡷣Ļ湫˾1993꣬2ҳ

Ϊʵʱ壬ʱ廹ȫҪʱ徭ԽԽĿƣһʧȥΡ徭ýԽԽгڣһʱҲܳ塣ֵעǣЩʱ塰ϵĵʵҲŷ޺ͱʱ塰СΪĵĹĻЩСص˼жɡҽʱһӲͺѲһ˭ϵ˹ͽҲãзëҲãǷֺֻ˼ġȾʵǵġ塱ֺγǴڵأ

˵á

ԣ˵áܣʱձ磬1993꣬5759ҳ

ƶ£λ÷չȡгڻƣ⣬Ϸȡ˽вƲȨۣһ˵ζԾʩӵӰ졣ҪĿƵĸת䣬ǣصµʽIJƲϳ֣Ȼ᲻вĹҵص㡣ˣͱȻʼղϵûµʽIJƲ£һǺģȻҪȡijʽרơо۾Զ塣

˵á

ԣ˵áܣʱձ磬1993꣬57ҳ

ڵʱ֮໥ϵԹ£ҶʱңûһңʱҲҡʵϽǰ忴ǹȨļţ˵ȨŵļԾѾûϽһ峬ʵʩԤߵʵʩߵһЩҾáָԾá壬ǡֵرһʵƻáʾܱȡָԾáһ㣬ҲӳοƴĺƾãȻҪЩһͺС˵ȡˡ仰˵ζžеĹԴҲ徭÷չϰ徭Чʵ͵ԭ򣩣Уɲܻʵ

˵á

ԣ˵áܣʱձ磬1993꣬5356ҳ

ƻ֮ijͻֻʵԾûĶɵѹ˵ǸϰǣֻҪǸɵıϵĻôҲijʽȻڼȨ֮¡һġ޲׼רʹʽģйϵĻܻκרһȫƻ˸ɡ

Ү

ԣҮˣͨū֮·1997꣬йѧ

磬71ҳ

12μ

ǻǵĿľչеͨ˵IJгأô֪ͨ˵ͳΪμұزٵ֪ʶҪɲ֡ͨгԱĹͬܴⲿȥʶ⡣ֻй˲ҲҪԼԣԼܡǵЬֻ̫ܽĶнšθĸʹЬӲټнţһѡ֪ġDzǵ£Ҳ޴ͨ˿ͲЬһdzΪǵЬӼн֪ɵģⲻƣѡҲһ˫нŵЬӣƶеߣʮּ򵥣Զû뵽ʵϺܸӣЩӦ͵ļ۸ЬӵƭӵĵֻЩͨ˵ЬǷнšнţ֪нţμҲܶõķɡ

ʿ

תԣƶӡݣ1988꣬220ҳ

쵼ŵŸͳηʽΪƶеȨ򣬱һˮƽȨȥƽ⡣

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(SOURCE: Internet, Subject Index: Quotes on Democracy)

ǸͳĹ֮࣬һɵģ֮أһԼ縺ģѹ֮һԳܵġǾָϿľǣȴȨ

Լ˹̹

תԣ˹ ȣʽйѧ磬1993꣬516517ҳ

Ҫǣö˵־ԼͳֲֽšͳҪɵ쵼Ҫ¸Ԥֻʹͳ̱ͳ쵼ȨӦ˵Ȩ־ѹȨķȡÿΪܵĽȨ

ʽ

ԣ˹ ȣʽйѧ磬1993꣬515ҳ

ͳҲԱҪãЩתַӳͳԼ±׼ĹġˣͳƷǺҪġڴΣԴᡢ硢ʺʱӲ߶רǻֳж˽ʷִкĬ𣿳ȻϲһЩϹ۵Լһµĺѡˣϲһ˵Ʒ£ҲͶ϶˵˼ǿԽܵġԣһλѡ˵ƷºѡʱѡͷŪû壬˵ǻһŵĻ

ʽ

ԣ˹ ȣʽйѧ磬1993꣬516ҳ

ϣͳľʲôҪмǿ쵼ͬһ⡢άֺƽΡõ׹һλֱˡǻϣһܹṩĿеˣܹʹǼΪһͷԣĹңΪһдº龫ӦеĸѡͨӺѡ˵Ʒºֱ̫עغѡ˵ѡ

ʽ

ԣ˹ ȣʽйѧ磬1993꣬516ҳ

γľ֮һͳΪ׵ܹṩǿܸĵ쵼һЩ˵Ҫ쵼ˣܹҪ󡢺͸ԸܹʹǵӴ󡢷ɢϵΪЩҪԸΣʱڣǵνȨƶƺ֮ЧͳƣҲͳ֧λƶȡЩᵽֻǿͳܹ˷ƺȨŵĹеĶ

ʽ

ԣ˹ ȣʽйѧ磬1993꣬515ҳ

ҵͳ

1º͡ɣҼǿϡ

2һƽˣȴƽҵ

3Ȼ֮⣬ȴЧŽ

4һλӲӦ飬ȴڹĵ䡣

5һλмƻעʵЧӦ䡣

6иºʹ쾫ʱǰ棬ʼչĴ

7ǵ䣬ֲ˵̡

8ȫ䣬βһ䡣

ʽ

ԣ˹ ȣʽйѧ磬1993꣬552ҳ

÷չʹΪܣ쵼ʹγΪʵδ˵δξӢƶǵᡢԼ˵һõ塣ַͬ߱תͣȷɣҲɡʷDzֱǰģǵǻɾĵ¸ҵƶʷʱʷǻǰġ

͢

ԣ͢٣ʮĩ˳Ϻ棩

ң㲻ֹͨڼﵽ٣㲻ͨǿǿߡ㲻ͨ򵹹нߡ㲻ͨɿ׼ٽ㲻֧յİ취ʡƵ鷳㲻ͨ˵״ԺͶǿ㲻ͨе˶ԼӦ֮Խ޴ķʽˡ

ֿ

(SOURCE: Internet, Subject Index: Quotes on Democracy)

ƵչԹʹϵҲҪ塣ʷϣҴսȨҴսһࡣȨҼҴ̣Ҳ໥̡֮ʮͳ1990Ϊֹң⣩ûҴֻ̡ҪȥžζţĺƽشҲ󡣸ݹȥľ飬һռƵλܿһڹʱ硣

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ԣ͢٣ʮĩ˳Ϻ棩

Ļʹͳŷ޺޶ڡȻ޵ŷ޳ֵ磬ȷʵŷȴ˹㷺ЧĴѡƶȵķ˵ŷ˲ijɾ͡ƶڱ𴦷չģζޡвͬ¼ڵ޹ңڲáгƶ֮ŷģгβɷָһ֡Ҫ˵ǣھ÷չνĹң¹ձʷ֤ʱƣջʤ

ԣӣĻ𣿡۴Ե뾭ɡ꣬1997꣬216217ҳ

޾ڴʱͶܼͲҵΪĽ׶ιɵϢͼܼͽ׶ΡרҳϣҪȷϢʹ´ԻɡֻṩֱϡΣޱѡȫ򾭼þ漤ҵʱѡġΪֹ羭ñѾ˸㷺͸˳ϢӶ޵ṩ˰

ԣӣĻ𣿡۴Ե뾭ɡ꣬1997꣬217ҳ

14жָ

׼֮һȨƵĸĸ

ʵĹңΪȨ֮ĸṩҪʾ£

1λ֧߰;ӵȨŦλϡ

2 άյĺϷԣ͸ȨȶijиĸͬʱԵò԰ؼţȡһķ롣

3תӵߣӶзԸĸļŵӶ֧ķ֧

4׼ɲȡijּ˵жֹĸ磬ͼȥʹȻٶǼѹĨЩȷԸĸķӡ

5ץеλֻҪУǧҪΪ˼ɳԱҪ󣬶ȡʩ

6ڸĸоֵֻܽ˵ڸĸ֮УҪһЩԹʵ롣

7 γһεġº͵ķԵԵеҪ壨ܣұΪвԵĿܵ

8һֹвɱʶǣ̾ͿԱ㷺سΪһֱҪġȻķչ̣ʹЩ˿һȻȡ

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׼֮ ȨȨƷ

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1עȨȨķǷԡ䲻ɿĺϷϣһ㡣͹ܹĵһԸȨй縯ܺͲбȨֵúܳɹرھϣЩҲûʲôЧһ˥ˣұضˣôͼйǷԣΪ߽ȨҪֶΡ

2ͳһȨͳ߻᲻ʱԶ֧ߡЩ֧ΪȨıҪߡرҪŬȡ̽䡢в׼רҵʿڽʿ֧֡еĶ˺ֹ֧ܿȨƵĴԵԽɾԽθСԽӮ֧ߡ

3ֲ졣һУȨȨǷ̨ȡЩǷָ֧ȨDz練ԸȨԹۡΣʱõ֧֣ӦģʵҪǣԸⱣȨ

4ʵвŬDZ֮⣬ʹ£ȫӣʿDzͬЩͶ񵯵ˡ

5ÿһλԱﷴȨμӸȨѡ١

6һȫԵý塢Ȩͽ̻Ŀ֯ϹϵرҪ֧ߡĹԱѰ´ԻĻᣬǵ룬һЩϹӱ챨ֽͷŵ̸

7ٳɷ֮ŽᡣŬȫ֯ڴٳɴ֮ĺɱϷǵʾģҪһѣȨͳdz췴֮IJ͡ǷΪǹĺϸ׼֮һǣǷ˷Щϰȷ֮һ̶ϵŽᡣסŷɵʾΰ䶼ǽ˵ĸ֡

8Ȩ̨ʱҪ׼ɴ˶Ȩաһ;ǣһܻӭġIJ买̨棻Ѹپѡ٣ĺϷԣɻÿ֯ŷ޹̻ͬᣩ֧ʺϷԡһӦ֪ǰһЩѿܻ뽨һԼ¶ȨӦĵ֧ߣԷһͼ

͢

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׼֮ȨǨ̸

еĸɲο

1رȨƵ׼׼֮һȣӪбصķɣλеȨ

2Щ׼ȷˣʹ÷ɺͱɶ׼òеȣԵķѹò

3ȷ쵼˻򱣰ӵĸ߼Աӵ̸С

4ȥҪ̸жֵĵλȨͿ

5̸мؼ⣬뷴佨ܵĺͿɿ˽Э̹ܵ

6̸гɹܿ⵽ԡĵҪӦǣΪɼйصһЩ壨Ȩȡñ֤ͷʩκζõ̸̸ġ

еºʿο

1 ʾܹеıɣǾʱ׼Ա֧߽ʾ̫Сܻǿǵĵλ̸л飬Ҳв׼ԷɺĹС

2 ҪȽܾμҵķ緶

3 ҪĻ׼̸УκԿòǾɺ͹ƽѡò

4 ƶӮЩѡ٣ȡЩʹҵľ渴ӻж

ͷеʿͬο

1 ͸̸нת͵δػڵȥˣһ٣ҪץסᣬѸٹϵؽ⡣

2 Ӧ˽⣬ǰ;Ļǰ;ȫܹԲؾת͵Э顣

3 žǸһ쵼˺ҪҪҪǻᵢ̸еĽȣǻв̸лĺ档

4 Ӧ˽⣬ǴɵЭһѡɺͱҲǴһЭ飬DzһֻᲩù㷺ֵ֧

5 ûаգЭɣ

͢

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׼֮ģȨȨ

1 ת̳֣ҪͼΪַȨȨĹԱŬδ۽ᳬϵջ

2ûеϺ϶ȡǾѸٵسȨȨ쵼ˣȨ֮һڣͬʱ㽫ȥͷеͼԱ

3 ҳһַеԭͷʽȫġ侲Ĺ͡

4 ڡΡϣÿһصĺӦʶҲǣ졢ͷ嶡

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׼֮壺ƾȨٽְרҵ

1 ѸϴDZڲҳϵľ٣ʹݣаȨȨ;˸ĸɵҪ֧ߣҲ㽨Ȩ߸ʧȥȤʧȥԤεȤ

2 سͷͼƷ쵼ˣЧȡ

3 岢̶װӵϵκκ򷴳֮⣬ȷʾְ쵼Ǿӵ˾Ա

4 ľӵĹģһ֧ľһһ֧ʮӴľӣҼӵйľ١

5 ľΪǴܲסܲܲǺܿȷġӹģʡµǮӹʡޱ

6 µľӵľʹȫϣܹͬҵijͻȱⲿвʹľȱľʹȥƽⲿвڲȶDZڴۡ

7 Ϊ¹涨ľĿģؼפ׶丽ľӵǵ߽ңԶ˿ϡٵĵ

8 һЩߡṩһЩʽġߵ̹ˡɻװ׳ʹڼȽĵװ䣨̫Ҫ䣩µ豸ʹǸеˣʹæѧβЩ豸ͨȷشеƣʢһӡܹѳɱת޸˰ˡԵõıܹľӣΪܼõЩߣΪѶԸԱϲӸԤΡ

9 һΪʿҲϣ뱻ÿһȥʾװӹϵǢμӾʽԮʿֹҵ߼ֵϺܷĻžװ

10 άһ֯֯ڳ־ͼʱ׶ͷ

ѭʮҲֹͼпܻ䡣ֱ1990ף˹͸˹˹˵ŷǺɭ÷ķŵѭЩ򣬶ڵǵУһͬСɵijɾ͡

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ȨȶȡҪξӢ䡢̽ͬЭٵ⣬ԼЩıȡֱӵ档

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