ΩԸƽˮʹ罭ϣ
et revelabitur quasi aqua iudicium et iustitia quasi torrens fortis



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ȨåģҶåġ顶åҡ

ϡoutlaw nation, outcast nation, renegade, rogue state, pariah state, state of concern˹ңåңҹңңƤңʶôĹң˵ĵĹ

ӡճġåҡǵ911κδһЩ꣬Ҫ漰ȫ򻯹еIJȨȨսҪ⡣ҪⱾԵǰ̬ĶӦ1994ġѰĸΡʵԤ˹̵ĵìܡ¶la lutte millenaire entre le christianisme et lIslamΪ˹ŷ޵ĽڣԸ׳Ϊ䡮εˡѰĸΡ1068ҳЩ۹ǵΪΰ˼ҵһ֤

ܾĶǵǣڵ֮ιйӡDZڵġˡʩʽеıĵˣδζϷĵˡӡȺйplayersεĶע㣬ϷͷʵƽʽɣҪ֣еơ

ûйûӡȣ᳣¹ǣйԶǹʵҲûнߣԵ綼һ˵ŵĻŵġ˵⻰ʱʿ¡ѧҵݣĹÿΪõȥֱͷϣһֹÿֵһΣtour tour, chacun son tour, tour de r?le; en merei kata merosͳλDZͳΣ ȨתģȦģCette souverainetest une circulait,voire une spherritåҡGalilee, 2003꣬33ҳµƽһֱΪͱΪ ֻ㽭ʡ֮࣬˶ΪǺģڵʿҵ֧֣ӡöƵġҪ£ȥ֪䣨nomosnemeinͬϣ53ҳȨڵȨȨһȺڵģǴ˵־ʿ˵A common-wealth is said to be Instituted, when a Multitude of men do Agree, and Covenant, every one, with every one, that to whatsoever Man, or Assembly of Men, shall be given by the major part, the Right to Present the Person of them all, (that is to say, to be their Representative;) every one, as well as he that Voted for it, as he that Voted against it, shall Authorise all the Actions and Judgements, of that man, or Assembly of men, in the same manner, as if they were his own, to the end, to live peaceably amongst themselves, and be protected against other men.() From this Institution of a Common-wealth are derived all the Rights, and Facultyes of him, or them, on whom the Soveraigne Power is conferred by the consent of the People Assembled.ά̹ţ1996꣬121ҳǽƽϵɣeleutheriaexousia.µɣģtoutou gar stokhazesthai phasi pasan demokratianͬϣ456ҳпά۲쵽ǣϵһĶϵ۵¬˵ϵۣˣͳϵͳһһеԭյģһжѺ棬һжİ棬120ҳתԡåҡ34ҳʩأѧGschwabӢ룬MIT 1985꣬49ҳȨΪףɷ 桭Ϊ֮ת ԡͬϣ33ҳdzֿǵͱġüϺô߹̣üʮʱɹظƽʽ֮÷һijֹƵΨһɹ

ŷ޵ڷȻŷڷһƹʵ顣˹ַΪңǵͬܡIJ䣬Ĺͬͬͷŷʷеĺõһ档ַôַﵽ̵ֵ֮ˮƽ͹ô˹û˵ȥ˵ǣǽͬչ˹չӡȡйޡһhospitalitһĿţԶ֮õģ»ġʿ¡ޡɶ˵ʩ˵ӦֵҹϵʵԣԱﵽεıԣڡåҡ˵

й֪δҲһѡһˡڸר˼ȫõģٺõˣҪȥùϣµɶйרߴ̸ͿΪ룬ԶԶdemokratiekratieǽDzԣսߣѵǼۣ˹ɡǣԩ֮ܶר֮ģҲĪйٶйУġåҡǵϢҲһ㵣ǣŵģ߸ȨרƵɺڸǡй˸ڶһʶΪڵִκһʽٵȴκһʽڣDzҪڸʱͬʱȥиͷȨȻ緶Χڵķɣݸ໥ǯƣ£wechselseitigen ZwangesʹԼصܳΪձ鷨˶繫۹Լйδֱŷŷ ʶȨ֮Ϊвͻԣѧϰϣ˽һпյĸ⽫һ岻ȷĸʹãֹĹȺͱáڶʮһͣ嶼ŵСѧǰСֵܽüļɡһϣιǰŷ˱˵밻³һѧǶŬӵ˹ʿġ뵽Լ塢ԼԡԼᣭλһǷ뵽йģǡ㡯йģʱҲŷת룬ڸǣҪΪת˴ӹϣԭ롢ֱ룬ԭֱǰˡƽȡ

ⱾʿºͰͼײȷָͼӻ̶ǾԲģֻһϵǾԲģֻһϵۻǣNur noch ein Gott kann uns retten¸仰ܶ˱ĵطˡΪǡǵļɵġһeinǹڴʣֱָΪijͬһɷﺣ¸˵Der letzte Gott is nicht das Ende, sondern der andere Anfang unermesslicher M?glichkeiten unserer Geschichte ϵۡһ˵letzteӡŷϵҲָһճֵһŵһ˼ǻһյһɷ1966꣬ȴǺ¸1976ȥŷ¸ôţ⻰ΪͷʹɲҪ²⣺ʲôƶȺͻƲȫΧڵļ˶ƣ¸ʵû˵Ҳû˵ֻǻͷ˵Ich bin nicht berzeugt dass es die Demokratie ist157ҳ˹˹ڼĹϵһ϶Ժ¸רãз˹˹ͼʿ£ҲǺССġʿͼĶãܺѧ ͷ֮άμģ

йŷ˵ǰͬһ⣺ǷͨƶȶﵽǷƹƶң¸ƪɷȻǷdzĻ̵̻绯christlichen WeltaanschauungģҲdzִȨңRechtsstaatlichkeitĵ˵ŵΪһȫָĻ̻ôССģһSammelbegriffһָһǡԡǸͬVorstellungen֡ӳõġϸĽһӽṹػִθӣ֣һȫܵġСŮҪϷ˭÷۱ӣλǺܿõİɣϴ£Ϸ治ˣıƶȣػһıĿǹ򣬶Ϸ A ʩأȨìܲ棭ԶĵѹϵѰ붷ì֮Դ

˹˹һ·ʵһ򶼺Ϥˣŷ˴ͳϵȥټͳһ㣬ˡǵδιսʩصĵۣ˵ѰĸΡ֮ڽʩءåҡʱбҪһµʩصʵǿԴ̸̸̸ʩء

һǴȨǶʩصĺĶǣȨȨȨǶȨȨ½һᵽ֮΢Ȩϵʩؽˡ뵳֮ȨϵǶԹȨķȨǿԶһ˵Ȩ˵ȨһʺܸӵˡκһȨҿԶåҶȨ˭ʲôȨ˵Dzһ֮ϵĸߵȨһȨһìܵĸΪδãȥֶκһҵĵжȨ˵ȨûϣȨʵҲǰǽѵǣȨͬʱڣ໥ìܣΪ໥ìܣʹȨΪȨΪ߶Ҫаᣬûǰ״ҪЧ͵ȥҵһָ УȫУҪһdemos cratieҪȫdemoóһµcratieһcratieһ֣ɹ͵ҡͬϣ1413ҳȫŵҪһֱκΰȨǿµȨΪһpre-emptiveҲȷˣȻδȨջʿΰȨʦ˵ȨBodyPersonȻǰᣩ ʹΪʿġ֮the publique Sword

/ȫȨҲֻһȨѣһϷԻȫ磬Ϊв˵ԻԹԷ⣨auto-immunitaireԣʩر۵ǣȨ໥ìܣֲɷ룬ì״̬ǴһֽźͶԾ״̬־سͬϣ143ҳձȨ֮ȨȨ֮ȨԳʼԭǿԼȨ˵ȨۣijһȨ۷ΪַȨ˽ڣȨȨ㿴һֶȨҲȨ֮ɷָһ֣ãȨ塣Լõİֳʼԭİ÷Ȩֹ顯ӢԷģҲǡͬϣ145ҳȨȨȨle droit de suspendre le droit 212ҳڣ˾ȨһֺڳԺڵȨǾŵȨڵйdzݱȨ߱е̰ٵȨΰΪɱĵȥץο͡ץ־ֳ˵רȨ

ˣеңרƹңڵǰУȨ뱻и䣬뱻ôиȨңġȻΪģδһԭƺȨġǵìµijִ棬ں͸֮úƽıϡ

ڹϣǺͲʲķķ˹һһη֣ʱûȨȨȱϯ£ҪжϵġDZҪȨͺϷ֮ȥжϣϣdzֺϷԣһشѡϡܹȥ ϵģ˵ȥ ţȥжһƷĺûʱû𣬶ֻһ֡ȤζΡѡ ӡMinuit, 1987꣬194ҳͬһʵʵҲֲܶͬжϣȨһһҪijgenre du discourseáࣩregime de phrase䷽ȥжϵȨһҪijһּȳɵ˵óһ˵ȨһһҪǶԺȨһҪ˵õ°Ȩԣʩ ˵սҲеսǾ֮ijͻ,֮սle conflict des phrases˵ҵ˵֮սһȨѹһӣȡʤһӳΪ淶ʱȨȨȻȻȥ ȨĶ壬ȨؽšԣζȨDZ ϲ硼ӡ2049ҳʩ˵ǣDzҪ˵;ӼսԣӦеıϣ·ŻĵطȨ˹ĽǵijɳһؽǵγΪ硣

Ǵȫµ֡͡die Unterscheidung von Freund und ReindǶʩΪֻʵĵѹϵֻдĿԣauf die reale M?glichkeit der physischen T?tungбΣ֮ʵϵɱ¾һտΪ䵣 ѹϵݻΪһĵ˵սpolmos, polemios K?mpfende Gesamtheit von MenschenĵìܣһֻսһڲսڲìܣstasisսΡ󱱳ȷĵ˵ģһΣһ֡Եĵ⡯ĹʩҪʵǡġ ¬ɱķУµйĸδңĶȨսĩʵÿα׷ɱΪսͳ֮ȨȥѪǺߣǰڲìܣǸ˼ÿҶˣȻЪֵսʩص˼ǣΪûǰߵΣкĻǵΣҪߣҪǰߣ ΪʩʵûԤԸ˹ʽëʽĴġġΡ֮˵˹ֺëĵ߸սΰʵߡսij׻ͼ񻯺绯ְҵ ο񡼡ѡ102ҳ16970ҳһߵʩ֮ǰʹ֮³һӣʩõġսҲŷʽģëһʼͷŹʽġۣҪйɫʵҪҳ йġҪìܡһٱë󶫶˼һ۹ףëʩأŷۡŷʽ֮ġҼġϡսйû˵֮ĸ·֮սѧ뵳ˣ۱֧ǵͷͬ⣬ȵȡйԶǶѹ磬ʩ صҪöΪǿĶԶϷë󶫶ԣɲʩֻŹ⡣

йʩʵԵɡʩ˾㵵ǵ㶫Ի˹еëھɽʱijеԽת䣬˼йʵϣйʵе⣬ųȫ˼ķ֮ĺ׼˵һ㣬Ҳ˵ⱾҪȷоһ㣬Ǿ͵õ⡣һؽʾһ㡣޾һʹǷζ޷ͣôһҲ޴ӽ͡һһ㲻ᱻע⣬ΪDzҪż飬ķdzȥ˼һġ⣬ȴǿҵļ˼һġתڡѧͬϣ ,15ҳ⡢¼ʷ֮ӿڣʷĺȣ֮⣬֮Щʱǹȥ˼ܲˣ쵽ܴãսʤйδȥվ ھɽͷվϣԼϵ˲Ƿ˲䣬˹˵ǵǰԵ֣ʩػ˵¼һУʶһ¼ҪǵľԣΪδҵж򡣾ûиָë󶫣δȥȥ

ʩɴĹϵǣȺ¸ıָӣϴ̬ҲԶΪ⣺1962дġۡУͨΪɴʱдЩô졷֮ǿ硣ŦױϣɴڼʩͬRobert KempnerǷΪϣνĹȨ˹ףʩӢػشûachieve򣬶diagnosedϳKempnerʣǷϵĴִĸʩػشin its intent, method, and formulation, it is a pure diagnosisEverything I stated, in particular in this passageָһ۵ѹϵǶλwas intended as scholarship, as a scholarly thesis I would defend before any scholarly body in the worldת ԡѡͬϣ1378ҳע1

ʩȻ˱Ȼ˵ˡѧκѧǰΪԼ绤ƵĻ˵սͥ޷Ϊѧ绤ʵɱ¾Ŀ¼ҵΣȥȥһѧεģѧսβͬġ㿴ʩԼҲһʩߣģѧƽӹ֮һΪûʵԵģǿΪһԵģͽ֮ҲΪԼ绤ѧΪӱʩ˵ԵĽڡ ʩغͱ̸ʵҲǺܼʱŷ֪ʶ֮һڡѧDonoso CortsʱܶĻʲ׼һҪĽ׼׼еλƵ˱º̸У׼䲻Կġ˼Ͷ˹һһ˵ɵʲ׼Ҫһϵۣϵ۲ãҪһλҪɺƽȣȴֻвƲĽ׼ѡȨԱȷͲƲӰ졭ȡѪԵͼĹ壬ȴǮ壬Ҳ֪ƽӹĹС˵ְó¥ݣʲ׼һ˼һĽ׼ʲ׼ȲҪȨҲҪȨҪʲôѧͬϣ5960ҳ˵ר۵Ķ档ͬΤͺ¸Ԥ˹˹ʱķҲִһ󹤳Corts ˵Լʱ˵ĻŪûˣô־ȨաȨȴ뽻иһ־ִۣѧϳΪۡ˹һλ裬ڡߡ͡弯ۡﶼרʩءȻʩͨCorts ˵ Corts ҪһϵרƣһսʱѾڼĶǰΨһĽʽרƣϷļ̳СתȨʱ̶˿նĽ塣ȻͨDe Maistre˵еǾȨģÿһ뱻ԵɣÿһרƵġˣͿȳΪһѧѧңΪ˷רƶȥΪרߡͬϣ6366ҳȻҪԽʩأԽЩʱʱξ;еļйеһʩصľ˲䣬Ҳÿһй֪ʶӵľ˲䡣ʩδй֪ʶмԽ֮ȥ

δδ ҪеĽҪϣʩһҪǺúһµ·ǿڵҺͼ߶չ֮ԻʱǻǿĿԡӡѰĸΡåҡ ʩ˼뱳ѧͳĸԴ

һԴΪǺزƬ53Plemos pnton men patr esti¸1933յʩؼĸġԵĸһʩصĻУ̸ľƬĽ͡λʥһ˵ͿɣǵϺӣDzAbelӴ˱㿪ʼʷӴҲһ֮ʹʷ˶ı֤ʷǾ޾Ҫֱ֤ˡѡͬϣ189ҳһԴʹʩĻú⣺Der Feind ist unsre eigne Grage als Gestalt; Wer kann denn uberhaupt mein Feind sein?

¸ĶһƬĽͺõˡ֮;ϡ In der Aus-einandersetzung wird WeltDiesses Weltwerden ist die eigetliche Geschichteplemos lgos Ľͬһֶߵijͻ磬ԭΪһչһ ursprngliche Einigkeitʩ˵ԭĵģin dieser sich berkreuzenden Gegenstrebigkeit waltet die ursprngliche Feindschaft ¸ڡ֮;ϡ˵ͬϣ410ҳ

ݵ׷ݣƬ¸ʮꡣ1933822գ¸յʩؼĸġԵĸʱ߻ţ̸Ƭķ롣սKampfڲƬķﺣ¸Auseinandersetzungʣ˼һһ֮IJһҲ1935ľְ˵ԲżȻģ˵ѡͬϣ394ҳӦFhrerprinzipٴѧ׵ġַ·սڵڶǶ֪ڼijҲдһMein Kampf¸ȥڵ¹ սǰ սսԶԶ߳ɴ֮⣬ԶԶ߳ѧĸĸ֮⣬ԶԶԵľ֮ġͬϣ395ҳʮսˣġζѧۡ Plemos und Lgos sind dasselbeսǽĵȫ򻯡ͬʹһյ˲ֳΪʵ֮ʱһʩغͺ¸Der Kampf allein h?lt den Gegensatz offen¸Wer kann denn berhaupt mein Feind seinʩأ˭ɳΪҵĵˣӢֻ֮ص¸ʩ֮ǰҵ죡

B åңȨԶåģйҶå

˵international terrorismʵϲСİԼҲ˵ȥˣΪinternationalģȻҲѲˣֲDzҲؼ쵼˺ξӢ˵ĻҲֻпֲӵˮƽRobert S. Litmak (Rogue States and U.S. Foreign Policy2000)A rogue state is whoever the United States says it is˿ô¶ǡֶ1993ԣҪijЩåҶ䣬ͨᣬDzǶԷȶ֣multilaterally when possible, but unilaterally when necessaryʲô˵åңǰƶҲشúdomestic jurisdiction شǷֺܵensuring inhibited access to key markets, energy supplies, and strategic resourcesͬϣ147ҳ

յ˶ԡåҡĶ壬ԼҲǰһսʱĿֲĿֲﵽƽ⣬ֵʱ絹ҲǿµʽǿӵĺƽóԵӺһ̲о֡ʱǿԣåŷ̨˲ſʼáåҡʡֶٺͰ²سõrogue states, outcast, outlaw nationpariah state⼸ʡʵϣֶ2000619ѹ ˡ ҲջԺΪʲʣӦstates of concern֪Сʲʡ

ĿĵǣȻûж񷨡ѧ޶˹outlaw nationsʣЩⶼϵҹҡ˹ҡ޶˹ȺȺ幹Уoutlaw nationsЩɱʽġڽԿߡԵ·һĵһߡԿֲκڿ͵ȵȡǣһѿoutlawһnationͬʱһô޴Ρ߼󰡣񷨡ǶĵľҪһ㡣һܵͼ߼һĸʽǵijɷۡڹĹϵʶϻˮƽ㻹ȥȺ塢壿һý壬Ҳ˵һؽİõģѧķӦҲģû˶outlaw nationsʲô壬Ϊ޶˹ǰ˵˴ѧ޸ģشҶoutlawԶǸеġҲ˵ѧǽoutlaw nationsһķϹѧ͵±׼һڿイŵġ˴۽ˡ

ϷȨåңrogue statesսЩңȨåҡȱ𼱣ⲻ˵ﻹû˵꣺ֻҪȨͻȨãͻåҡһֲȨ䷨Ƿ߼ڵ۹ȨĿǰϡȥֻåңåҡåҵͣåҵжһ뵽йѧ磺ûѧ˾йѧ磬׵ѧҲ͵͵ԽԽңԽ״ңڴҵķΧ£߿ȥҲִңûƺȨû˾µƽ֮µѧdz̬ұåбĸåңڵǰdemocratievoyoucratieå˹Ȩеcratieͬϣ1456ҳ

ں󿵵µִԣla modernitpostkantienne֮£Ķһ⡣ӽĹʿֲʵȥȥ꣬ǰ³ʽåҵۺеʱڴƽҲ繲͹WeltrepublikڵĺƽջΪһV?lkerbund, пܳΪһͳһʵ壬ֽȥҲԶң V?lkerstaatͬϣ118ҳ2003ڸǵǣõһʻֻһѧдģǵֿ ǵģŵġͬϣ131ҳǿյġͬϣ132ҳʩʱΡεĸֵӵģȻǽ״һȨȨȨ֮˻ûһееһƺšɵʵʩGalilee, 1994꣬111ҳ

ʵǿʩһУһʷŵΨһϵͳΨһ ʩغ˹˹УҲԤһʽģijһչСѡͬϣ83ҳ

ڵǣڵͽҪԸ磬ȴóȻд״̬ȨʱγɵȨ֮仹Ŀĵײţʼ˾ռ仹ԶδγɣȴѵÿʼµδӰպͶעȴѱƵǰô죿ͬϣ131ҳ

ڵ֮ǵסġпάDZΪȥעеڽӽġɵֿġձijˣûġһΰмˣUn grande revolution democratique sopere parmi nousֹ۵ĻҲɣÿһڶһΰͬϣ131ҳֹ˹˹ıǿҵĶԱȣΪʲôӰͼ¸˹˹һΪ֮䣩֮伸ûлСѧңΪʲôǶ˹˹¹֮ͬȺĸͬϣ128ҳΪʲôʩغ˹˹ҲôؽıģҪʽҲȱ壬Ļƣѡͬϣ83ҳġΪʲôĸзһϣʱ˴1962껹д֮սʩأǿһ㣬һ㲻ں

ڴһֽҪһֽҪȨȫΪ˻˹˵peace defenceԼһnatural libertytake from us that is our ownһˣΪ˵the keeping of promisesһĶ˳Ӧܱ֤ÿ˵ɣʹھӼǽչΪձ鷨򡣵ﷴð˹һ仰ûǿ֧ŵDzģû֧ŵǿġåҡͬϣ134ҳȫУǽҪõһ佨άֶҪͲȨҪһ֡ƺµȨ

ս֮ǶһЩµȨʽܾ㵣ڻǣãǻɵȨʽϻؿ˵ȻеȨһʼûһֲǴ۶ǿӵģһ̳Уһ־ãǾΪǺϷˣԡ ͨŵ ǸϵȨǾزں֡ԹģµȨǿӵͷϣҲһ̡Time alone gives solidarity to their right; and operating gradually on the minds of men, reconciles them to any authority, and makes it seem just and reasonable.Right to authority is nothing but the constant possession of authority, maintained by the laws of society and the interests of mankind; and nothing can be more natural than to join this constant possession to the present one. ۡţ1978꣬5567ҳҪҪȥ˷ԡѣŽǣThe practice of the world goes farther in teaching us the degrees of our duty, than the most subtle philosophy, which was ever yet inventedͬϣ569ҳΪֹѧٵ磬˹˹ҲУףѧҲףѧͳΪٳ˵ͳΡֻǵδʵʹʲôδеʵҪӦáʵϻΪһ֡ѧ˹˹˹Ҳƾ棺As I think I may truly say, there was never any thing so dearly bought, as these Western parts have bought the learning of the Greek and Latin tonguesϣĶˣ.ͬϣ150ҳȨܻڡܻΪһʽרΪfor the Passions of men, are commonly more potent than their Reason±Ⱦ ¸״սͬϣ131ҳ

C ѾеҪεȴ

ͼڡѾ㽲ȲһҲһֻơǺܶ ʽеһ֪֡ı˵ ͷŴרнִôDzҪˣΰ汾£ԶϣģһϣµġԶȿǾܣҲʽģǴֱӻʽûͳҲʽʽҲᣭ»Ȩʽȵȡͬϣ49ҳʷԡ

ҪһСÿһ塢ÿһ˵һȨһÿһԼΪǺõķʽµȨȨһּȷַԼڸֿ֮¶ һ־ʽܣءԭԤһϷ ɣ˼ʹһеķȷԺͷǾԣindetermination et indecidabilite֮š.ͬϣ47ҳйΪδԹңζţΪֹʵֹĸδ֯ʽĿԡһǵİ˵ܳΪйδİҲҪ

ڵġǰ;ϵġΪʵĹҳִ»ӻ̫ɡΡ壬䡢Ҹ㡢߰㣬޷죬ʲôСͬϣ43ҳΪͻ֮в֮¡

йһִŵңһŵҲһввҲǻᡣǡԼһߣһаΪĵIJĽɫune figure du malinֻijʫԵ̬ȣܻʥͱĴƫԽͣ

ѾŷˣջǣȽǣʹǶ䣬ֱǵIJˡѾ䲻һƺšһѾŮͯ͸½һСдˡûλáϣġŵģŷʽˣŷˡδֻڴµĵ£ǻǶʫ˵ĺáΪֵȴһֵ˵ġ绰ʫѧʽĵȴһڴһߣ˻شҪΪİ ˣ˸޵εij嶯һ֡Զֺ黳lami venir, larrivant qui vient de loin, celui quil faut aimer au loin et de loinԶԶȥԶѡͬϣ320ҳɵġͼ˹˵˵ʵڵģҵѣñ˵۾ҵʧģһְġ

Ϊ˹ʫߡ½һɫһɫʥн˳߾ڴŵĽҪɹǣʫŮ˵Ŀ˵Ů˵Ŀ ߻δĵ And I wished he would come back, my snake. He had come like a guest in quiet like a king in exile, uncrowned in the underworld. And I missed my chance with one of the lords/ Of life/And I have something to expiateͬϣ23ҳ

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