ΩԸƽˮʹ罭ϣ
et revelabitur quasi aqua iudicium et iustitia quasi torrens fortis

 


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һ˽Ķ

˽ʹƵʺܸߵĸһΪǾʹöڸ壬ΪоܱȽϿѧضԸȫأ
ѧѷڡµۺϡһУλҲ˵ǡ˽ġѷʹá˽ƶ֮һСͬһСϣԳ棬èһֻͬһֻͷ˳⣬ʳͳͳǡ˽ı֡ѷҲϻʶҲСʵϣѷǽκֵΪ۵ġ͹ΪͳΪ˽ѷʲôʹ˽Լ¡Ϊоķ㣬ֻ˵Ĺϵʹ˽ĸ
˽Ϊ˵֮һΪ㷺ӵ󣬼ȿɱΪ˵Ŀ͹ΪֿɱΪ˵ʶ˵ʶΪͳһԣ˽ɼָΪߣΪ˵Ϊʶ֮ѽڣռʱϷ룬ìܵʽֿ֣ɶָΪôʶ˽أǴӿ͹Ϊ˽أ
˲شӿ͹ΪЧ˽壬Ϊ˽ָˡΪԼҪΪ֮˽һĿ͹Ϊҽ˶Ϊ˽Ŀ͹Ϊ塣
öڵΪЧϰߣңೡΪʹ˽ġǣöʧ֮ڼ򵥡
ȣոöĹ涨ֻеʵϱֳΪʱ˲ſԱΪ˽ûбΪǾͲ˽ġȻ֪ͬ˿зʶһʵϱַΪһʶҲһʵϱΪΪһʶָΪIJһ̡ڹ֮ǰһֶʶܼıʧһʶȡһֶʶȻڣⲿԼһʶƣʶʱûָΪIJDZˣûбΪⲢͷһʶڿ͹ΪĶûнȥڽЩʱԵӲǣǿᡣ磬ijijûбΪһֱΪ͹ΪĶ壬ֻͣɲ˽˽ʵϣһֿ͹Ϊı仯ǶʶӦ仯ĽΪȻ仯ûб䣬ԭʹڣġ͹Ϊ͵һǺģ͵ڶȻס
Σϸġʹ˽ĸôѲȢʱΪҲܱΪ˽ΪΪȲˣҲʵϣûؽΪΪ˽Ϊ߱Ϊ˽ˡ
ΪҪǣ˵ΪĿ͹ЧΪˣݣʱDz˽أտ͹ΪĶҲܳΪ˽֪˵Ŀ͹ΪЧǴӡΪҡ۶ĽȻʵʩ͹ˡΪʱߡܿΪ˴ˡӦꡣΪһı֮٣ʵΪԼļ档ڹ˽ġΪǡΪԼļ桱ԣΪûʹӶԷȡΪӦ꣬ΪӦ꣬ôԤڣΪʧ٣ܹӦı꣬Ϊ֡ΪȻΪЧˣӾ̬ϿȷΪ˽Ӷ̬ϣʶ濴гֵɳΪ˽
ɴ˿ӿ͹Ϊ˽壬ȻǵΪͳһԣûע⵽ΪìѽڵĿܣûиʹ˽һȫںԣ൱ľԡ
ʶΪ˽
ɣʶΪ˽иݵģһֻ˲žʶȻԵϣԴʶ涨壬Խ˵˽ġ˽ܣܺõңо˽ֻ˵Ŀģʶ˽壬ڴӶ̬ĽǶʶ˽ˣӶ͹ΪľޣʶΪ߼ǣͨ£˵Ϊ˵ʶΪܹʶǾͬʱΪΪȴʶֻҪʶȻڣֿɽΪ
ǣҽ˽ΪͬˡᷢϵʱȿǵĸصԼ棬ΪԼͬ˵治ìʱΪԼ濼ǵĶָ͹ΪΪԼͬˡìʱΪԼ濼ǵĶͱΪˡάչԼΪ
˽˽綨ҲȻûиʹøøȫһԿ϶˽һǶȡεġ̬աΪˣͱ뽫˵ʶ͹Ϊо

һ ˽

˽֮һָ˽˽˽۶ԡû˽ν˽֮Ȼ
һЩ˼Ϊܣ֧˴ˡϵΨһԭ򡢹ǡ˽ڴˡϵʱֻһֹʶǾǡΪԼͬˮԴ˲Ϊ˵ҸԼҸڿ͹ϱˡΪԼΪۣҲΪԼͬġԼϧij嶯ҪΪΪ߿ļֵļֵǡ⻹ǡΪԼ˽
Щ꣬ҹһЩֵ⣬Ҳ̸˽⣬ΪʹDZdzΪߵĴ˽ߣҲǡΪԼ͹Ϊˡ ˵ΪĿ͹ЧˡᣬϣǴԼԼijԸ嶯СֵҪģˣҲֻǡ˽ġ
Ϲ۵ɳΪ˽ۡ
˽۵߼κ˵ĵΪֻп͹ЧIJ𣬶û۶ıʲ졣ΪˡΪֻп͹Ч壬Ϊʶʵϲڡ
϶κ˵ĵΪһΪֻҪȫõĽֻҪдΪ߱ʶѡDZʶãôΪҪΪ߱˵ijԸкͼֵΪͲ˼ˡҲֻϣDz˵ۡҡκηʽκΪΪΪߡҡĿģǡΪҡΪҡ롰ҡΪǡͬͨգյıٴҲ޷ġһϣ˽۵ļΪ̵ġ
ǣȻ˽ע⡢ǿκ˵ĵΪȻҪΪ߱˵ijԸкͼֵһͬ㣬Ȼ˽ۺ˵ΪĶʶIJ죬ʹ˽ܡ޷ŷĽͣ
ҡΪ˵õ˵ǮƹԼ֣ɱˣȡ˵ǮƣΪˡҡ
¡ҡΪ׬ǮûŪٵǰ£ΪṩijƷ񣬶׬ǮΪҡ
áҡΪӦΪҡ塢ᡢ˵мֵġߵġٵġˣҡѡԼڹҡ塢ᡢ˵ΪѡϡҡǰļֵۣôҲǡΪҡ
¡ΪͿ͹ЧۣԶ׼ΪǡΪǡCΪǡἺˡû顣
ʶ濴أΪĹΪߡҡijԸСֵһǹͬġǣأǴڵģڣΪ󣬲ڡΪҡĹҴڡΪң桱ĹΪڡΪҡĹͬʱִڡҪ桱ĹȻֻܿǰѼΪֶΣΪʶأΪȷŹ٣ųߣˡҡҵļֵˣҲǡΪҡȻڡҡļֵУڡӦΪҡ塢ᡢ񡱵ʶֻСӦΪҡ塢ᡢ񡱵ʶŷϡҡļֵҾͲˣڡҵļֵʶУˡӦΪҡ塢ᡢ񡱵ĹΪ󲢲߱ҿʶ
ɴ˿ΪʶIJǴڵġȻˣͳ֮ΪĹͨΪ˽Ͳ㽫вĹ֡Ǵ˽۵ȱݣҲDzĹؼڡ
Ϊ˲ΪЧϣڹΪĹΪΪ˽УֿɳΪ˽ɳΪ˽滹̸ɳΪ˽
о˽Ȼ˽ˣIJ׼꾡о˽һ£ҲDzɱġ
˽ͬ壬˽ɵͬڡ塱ơ塱ʽϵʵΪҵ壩ΪһֹΪ˽ָԼֱԵΪ˱˵档ʵʩΪʱҪͬĻرΪ˴ӶԷȡӦıΪԵزά͵Ӱ졣ĽͣȫǽѧѷȻԿܲȷΪֵĶĸ൱á
˵һǸ棬һ档ˣɽ˽˽ΪһΪ˵˵ĹΪɳơ˽һΪȫΪɳΪ˽ġмشЩΪѡͥšɱ𡢵ط塢ҵĹΪȿɳΪ˽ֿΪ˽ȫʲôϵաǡڹ˽Եģɷֲεģ˽ҲһɷֲΣ˽Եĵڶ˼
磺ĸΪ˶ӵ棬ԼһУʹӵΪǷҲաĸ֮ϵĸ˽ģĸ׶ᡢ˵ϵĸ˽ġ
ʶ˽ԣڻش˽ڼڣ෢չһ׶εIJ⣬ʮҪʾ
һΪŴᣨԭʼڡڣDz˽ģˮƽϹУͬͶʹøڼ֮СʱĸԱûи˽, ǰѼڸ֮ϡΪ˼Ա棬ԼȻ۵˼ҡۼ˽⵽ġʱʷ֪ʶǣڸʱȺ壨塢䡢ˣ֮ҲΪԳȷͻҲ˵һȺûи֮ͻһȴȺ֮ͻνֲͬ
⣺ȺûСΪҡͻȺ֮䣬ȴڡΪǡijͻ
ǡΪҡ壩ſɳΪ˽ΪǡȺ壩ͲܳΪ˽ֻܳΪ˽ôִķ˹ŵĸԱΪ伯ŵϧʱ򣬣ձԱDzҲܳЩ˹˽أ,ǻΪ˽أ
˽ܺܺõؽ󣬾͸ȺϵԣΪȺԼ˽ģ͸塢ȺȺ֮ϵԣָΪ˽ġΪҡ˽ģҡΪǡҲ˽ġΪˣDzܹʹá˽˽
վסţôŴȺȫûи˽ûͻ滹ۣȺͻ˽ǹż֮Ƿչһ׶εIJ

˽Ļ˵ĵ»

κθˡͬˡһŵǼȾʵͳһԣ־ʵìԡ
֮Ծͳһԣκθ˻ţˡļźʱбǸԵжʱȡʵܡһȡʵǽڷֹԽڲļ֮͵Ŀ͹ۻ֮ϵġһ㣬˽ܹǺҿԴﵽˣݣĿ͹ЧĹؼڡ
֮Ծìԣ˵嶯˵̰˵ġģƸϡdzңġܱЧơԣìܳͻɱ⡣ʥ۸ʵ˵ÿ˵Ҫ˵ǹõģÿ˵̰˵ͲˡתԡᲡ磱ڣҳ˵ġָ̰ҪΪij嶯磺͸˵Ҫԣÿм˫ЬӴܹţߣܹ滻Ьǹ˵ġЬΪ׷һľܣΪʾԼλԽˣǾͻɱ˹ˣӵǧ˫ЬӲ㡣
˵ȾͳһԣôͳһԵԭ£Լ򱾼ŵҪֶΣﵽĿģĿ͹ЧΪָΪĹҽΪ˽
˵Ⱦìԣôìԭ£Լ򱾼ŵҪ𺦡ˡΪֶΣﵽЧΪָΪĹҽΪ˽
˵ǰ볤Զ֮֡Ӧģ˵˽ɷΪ˽͡Զ˽Ϊ˸˻ǰʶΪɳΪ˽ԣΪ˸˻ųԶʶΪΪԶ˽
֮թ֮ϵĸӣҪԭ֮һܹΪԶǰ档׷棬Ǵ塢Զ۵ġġԶĻȡҪǰֲΪۡνȡ֮֮ȡ֮Ͷ֮ҡΪ˿ΪΪӾ̬ϣһΪһϵΪ롰˽ԣԶ˽ĸڴӶ̬ϰ˵ϵʮҪ
ǿۡ
һĵԣȻʱҷֵ࣬˷ֵ٣֮˷ֵ࣬ʱҷֵ٣κ˵־޷ıġȻķܹһı仯ʱڷʵмˣеķϣֵ̫࣬˷ֵ̫٣ǾͻΪη˹˵ԣһøСζһεķ䣬ʱDZϴηֵý٣ٺѷֵøࡣ෴ηֵЩ˷ֵԶЩڴ̼˹˵ԣһεø˿ܱϴηֵø࣬ʱҲֵøࡣ׷棬ʱ׷ܲƷáһ塱סĵðˡ
ˣ˵ʱ˽òô˽˵ɽ˽䵽Զ˽
ȻȥһЩʵԶΪӣˡΪʱҵӸǶĹ۵㣬ֻܾ;̬ϣķ˵ͨӶ̬ϣһϵеķϿ˵ʱҵͳһԡʱ빤˵ֻìԶͳһԣʱƶǾԲܴڼڷչġ
˽ĻӦ˵ĵ»֣
ǰᵽ˵ĵΪ¿ɷΪͣ¡ˣáἺˣڱֲͬ¡ΪԶѣڵϷΪͣ˽ߣ¡˽ߣá˽ߡ
˽߽϶Ϊֶ˽ˣһλǵԼ棬ҳͼȡ˵Լĸ档һᣬǾôɡСС͵ԡթƭɱԽԹǽͬġģǵѧУˣǡǣʵǡǡǡǶ١ˣһǿʳνġ¡ͳͳǺŪ˵ġںܶ£ҲЩƯĴʾڿϣDzǻӣΪ˸ƭȡӶˡ档˽ûӶᡢַˡ棬ΪˡǿĽǺ¡͵ɣһšص·ɣ¿ӷӱӡ
˽ĻˮԴһ㣬ֻռ
˽УҪǵҲԼ棬ܷҴ桱Ǿ󲿷Ϊij㡣ǣ˽ȣ˽һ㷴ԼñҲҪ棬ԸֶΣһ±׼ģ㡣˽ߣǽ϶ͬġģпܱΪȽϴ˽ߣֽϲԸΪˡ˽߼ͨϵġˡһ̸ϡߡ
˽ĴȶĻءΪռıҲƶǰ
˽߽϶ıΪгߵƷ¡Ϊ˹ҡ棬ǸеˣΪˡҡ棬׳Ϊ۶ʷǧţֻҪûȫ裬˽߾ͽԶʷռߵĵϯλDzġ
ҵǣΪֹ˽ʼδռж֮ԳȺ࣬ijϿΪ٣ȻΪ˿룬ƵȻûʹdzΪɡⱾҲ˵⡣
˵ĴʮֲִڵģµӦ
Ӧָ˶ǡ⡱ġȲڴĶ˽ߡ಻ڴĺ˽ߡ˽ߡ
ȷʵҸ뱻죬ôΪ˱Ȼ߱Ϊ˽ߡ˽ߡ˽ֿԡˣɷϵǣ˶ǹ̶ģ໥תʵ໥תһǵԷˣҲתΪΪˡԼӢۣһЩðΣΪܶġϸҲתΪ̰۷Ϊյġү꾡۵ģ鷴֤һ㡣
ר̸̸ڴĴ˽ߵĹ۵㡣
֮Ҫ̸⣬Ϊ˹ȥ첢ڼһ񻰣˵ôһˣѴﵽ˵ĵ¾磬κ£桢ΪأۺʱεأǶԼάˡ档DzͼͼһΪһΪˡҸĽţΨһĿꡣ֮Щ˺ޡ˽ԣǴĴ˽ߡաѧʵ䡷޹ࡰ磱꣱°桱ڣҳ˽һĿ
ֹ۵㣬ΪǴιĶںŵһֿ͹ʵ⣬ֻΪһ۲۵񻰩ΪҲκʵ֤Ҳκε߼дֹ۵ۼǣǷʷѰÿһʱѵҵκһκ¶Լ˵ҪҸ֮Ϊ˵ĹϵУȾΪԼڵġڸ˵Ϊ˶ڣʵҲͷΪڵıҪͿܡ

Ϊʲô˽˽ʷ

˽Ҫӡ㷺ôΪȷʶӱϰ;ԱشΪʲô˽
һΪ˽ǻĽᷢչһʷ׶εIJ˵˽Ϊһʶڵķӳ˽ƵIJ˽ġͨѧ磱꣹°ڣҳһ˵ˮƽչһ׶Σʹ˽ƽ֮γ˽й֮˽ƾ˽й˽仰˵û˽ƣҲû˽й
Ȼṩʵ֤˽ƾ˽йһ۵㡣
մӹġᷢչʷ1982101棬ָͬҪȷԭʼʲôǸ˲Ʋ͵ÿļֲߵʱ١ţɽڷģĹΪ˵ʱߡͷǣңܵƿڣߡͷǵࡣĹߡͷǵ໥ϣֿɿռıҪöࡣͷӳʱҹ߽رΪ˽Сᷢչʷڣҳ
ᷢչʷָһЩʷѧҺѧҵоִԭʼУʽĶα˽вƲġ磬ڰ˹ĦУһǸ˲Ʋ·Сۡ㹤ߡ׶ӣԼƤƵڶǼͥƲԾסĻ丽װΦ˺IJѩԼȫԱʳﴢǹƲľͲҵIJƷԹӦмͥ¡ʳ֮Ͷҹʱ֮á·ӳ˶˽лݱ̣ǷΪˡͥ͹εģصȲIJ乫У幫Уٵ幫УȻΪͥ˽Сͬ˲䡢ṹĸΣСƵķΧȨСͥΧʱؾͳΪ˽ռеIJƲմӹָġ˽вƲûԵģвƲԩ߼ӡڵʱҪϣһرΪ˽У˽ƾȷˡԣ˽ƲǴеġӹ˽Ƶݱ䣬չһ̶ȵĽͬϣڣҳ
ܳѧĦڹ˲ƲһУƺҲ֧֡˽ơһ۵ġĦ˵˵IJƲ΢ġǶڲƲļֵƲƲļ̳еȷĹֲܵڵ֯Ʒߡ·ʯʯƹߣԼ˵װƷ״вƲҪĿƲռδǵͷγɣΪڲƲֱңԶŷչΪ̰ͷгһּ֧õڵʱвɲƲΪ乲УסլռС˵ƷŷĻչӣǿҵռҲʹﲻϵõչŴᡷĦӡ1997ڣҳ
Ϊʵֻ˵㣺һ˶һռУʹΪ˽Уˮƽأ˶ԲƸˮƽء
ȻֻеڣDzſʵռſܲҵġǵġһ˽ʶֻеСۡ·װƷDzſʵռǡֻеij߼֣ﵽһˮƽʱͥſܽijʵϾΪСˮƽΪʵռijṩ͹ۿԶԣˮƽǾԵġ
ȻҪתΪʵԣ˵ܶԣijˡijͥҪijΪеԸʶ˶ij˽вŵԳ֡Ҳ˵ˮƽΪijˡijͥռijṩ˿͹ۿԣṩ͹ۿԵռתΪʵռеĹ涨ԡһ涨Աֻ˵ܶԣҪԼˡͥŶ˻ŵһʶṩ룺һ·һѹһֻС۱֮·СDzǹ涨ֻܹijˡijͥijʹá֧䣬˽еȷк壩˾Ͳʹá֧֧һıʹ֧أǿԹʹá֧·ǴҲǴСۼ׿ʹãʹС۾
ˣֻijˡijͥijžҪСۡ·ȹԼʹá֧ʶŵʹСۡ·ʹã֧ΪԵʵΪ˽вƲ˵˵˽ƾ˽й˵˽й˽ơ
ռеijһȻƷ˵˽Ȼȫ޹ء磬һijԱһijԱ乫еԣǾɱߡ£òijԱǷ񽫱Ϊǵ˽вƲأμǰ桰˽ԡνϡɱأ
֧˽ƾ˽йһǿĸǹڡڵڲϵۡ˵ʱڣڲ˵ĹϵڹͬͶнԭʼƽȡĹϵǶһϡսƷʵƽ䡣ڲرƶˡԱضˡ˺Ͳзߵ񣬱˴һƽȡɴ˾ͺȻصļ͹ͬͶȰͬΪӢսΪԱȵ¹ԭʼƵϵ£Ϊά棬ƽȡҳϡ¸ҡŽᡢԼԿ͵ΪΪԱͬص׼򡣷Ἧžڴڣ˾޷ȥ׼ഫΪķ׺ϰߣҲγԭʼ˵Ĵӵĵ¹ᷢչʷմӹڣҳ
֮ʱڣȻˮƽΪ£DZҵģ˵ϵڼڲǷdzġǢġִ˼ֱֻиж塢ķˡ
Ϊʹʱڵʷ˵ѧоԼΪֹĹִԭʼ塢оȫ֤ʵ˵Щ˵оǷȫӳһʱ༯ڲȫϵҲһʡ
ʱڣļڲûͻûʳƲĶ˶ôƽȡమ𣿴ʹʵִѧѧо
ۺִѧһȷ֤Գͬ档ִԳͬԴھǧǰĹԳɭֹԳ
ִѧоִԳԳɡɡɵȣȺڲڵȼԴλĶеĺɴ󣺣ͥꣻ԰б𣻣ϲŭ֣ȼĶǣһ罻ʽԣʶ칤ߡ»ժڣڡԳʶͬ桷ݳƺɵΪʶͬΪʶơ
ǣִѧоɡɵԵϵȺɡͬԳԵϵøΪӦԡ˿ɡɣ
۲졢оȷģ룬Ǿ㹻ɻڼϵһɺǢĽۡȻͬԳڲŲƽȡᡢôܻһˮƽ£ȫʧڲͻأʵǡޱߡħأ
֮еɢ֪ʶȴ˼ʹС˽˽ƾ֮˵û˵
˽IJ˽¼裺˵ıܳ嶯еʶ͹۴کΪԼΪȺΪΪȺԼԸԵҪϡٵIJƸ淢ϵʱͿұȻ˽й˽ƵIJ
ԵҪǻ˵ԸϡٵIJƸ棩н顣
ûȻᷢԲƸռУν˽޷߱еĸ߼ʶ˵˽ġ˽ûƸ˵Ҫ޵Ķ࣬һҲᷢ˽⣬ΪǾͻųǶռռռǺռռռıҪˡŴϵ֮УҲν˽
˵ɷΪΣǰǻǰߵ뷢չڸıܣĽȻԡڸȺķչ֮ҪԡˮƽĻķչءһϣԿDZĻķչġ֮Ȼı־뿪Ȼԡ֮Dz˼ġûıܣҲ;ܲеŮİһʴϿȻ˵ĸʵĶңԲһطȻԡ
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Ȼ˽ǹ֮ڼڣôƲشڡǰͳ˵߿һûгͻ磬Ҽеķ綼˷ˣеҰĶˣͱ˻˽ij嶯Ϊ˺͹ҵȡˡȻȥûУҲ֡ʵĺƽ֪ʶ19991°4ҳ˹˵ǴӶģעԶܳװԣֻǰѵĶ١˹ָġԡʲôأҲ²⣬ԡһСַ桱ijɷݡСַ桱ijɷݣζűȻڡ˽
Ȼһ߼ʹҶδδƲǾǣܹ˵ȥģһܹ˵ڣܹ˵ȥĺڵģһܹ˵δοǡδأ
˽ʷġǾľݶԡŴǻΪռм޵ʳͻΪһʬɱƴһĻķչЩݿȫı䡣ڸ߼ʽչľչйҵΪһгһ̨ڰ׵ӻչҵΪռ߼γɻͧ澺ܻܿڶԹͬʶԼ˵ķչýΪĶšʬ±ҰѪɺӡδֹ̬ȣҲиݵġ

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˽ͻֿ͹áͳ˵֮Դ˵֮ԴDzȷġȻˣͲһķ˽Ӧ񶨵Ƕ˽˽Ӧұ϶ͨ׵˵һطԡΪԼΪǡʵϣڸȺһΪԼΪǵʹ£ǰչġǰ룬ûཫһʲô࣬һʲôᡣƲΪҡΪǡľݲ˵⿴һԣԭ޿ɷģȻ顣ΪԸȺʽڡˣҪ棬ҪչҪܡԣҪ񶨵ֻΪһǶˡľΪ
Ұ˽壩ɱڲϢĺޱȵԭܡΪṩˮͨȣֺôԴͷһϵһ𣬿˵ûкҲûࡣָѡʱ̰ӣûݡûˣݻܹݻٵһСԭܿΪṩ޴ԴΪҵ񣬵ԭӵȴDZŻľ޴Σգ
ĹؼļԦơ
ǷɵѶͼǷԭDZڵľ޴ΣնܾӦһΰķ죿ʵ߻شƺԭܴѣǵԽԡ˵Ӻˮһ𵹵Ρķչ˽ںԦ˽ַ˽һǰ츳ãӶƶǰϵҪơֻǶ˽ͼط˽ˣǡ󽫺ˮһ𵹵ĴˡǷǿ˵ΪҡΪǿܵ²ˡ˵ѽ˻ֻҪڣͿˣֻҪִĽͨߴڣͿڽͨ¹һֻҪ˽ڣпܳĿ͹Чǣ˵Ŀƣǿܲ˵ģҲǿܲڽͨ¹ʵģ˽ҲǿܲĿ͹Чġһζط˽ۣûп˵ͳһ˽ܵ˵Ŀ͹Чʵԡ
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