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ѧѧŵˣRobert Nozick2002123ȥ63ꡣҽ1994θԼֻά6£ŵȴǿ֮ãֱǰļһֱоڿνѧһλѧʶԨˣŻ۱ߣҲǼĽʦ˼20ͺڵʵ൱Ӱ죬رйءҡ֮Уһλѧ޶˹John RawlsֲͬΪڲͬɵĴ

޶˹1971ۡTheory of Justiceˡ乫ԭŸȨͬʱŹҾ·ƸԣʹдĽײԸƾ޶˹ѧ˵Ϊҵṩѧ֮ŵ˷аAnarchy, State and Utopiaһ飬Ӧ޶˹Ĺ۵㡣ָɾߵԣԸ֮ɽ׵ĸԤΪӦΪҹˡеලԼСⱩַȽɫν塹ijַģʽռ״̬ڸɲĽ׹֮Сġ޶ȹҡ˸ߵĵԣ̳˴˵ҮˣFriedrich Hayek͸Milton Friedman˼ҵĴͳʹΪɡ˽вȨҪۼ֮һ

ѧPeter Singer˵ŵ˵ⲿǵѧеҪ¼ӴԺ󣬹۽˰ٷȨ쾭ģҪ绤۵ġⲿ1975ͼ齱The Times Literary Supplementѡս֮Ӱ100ѾΪ10Գ档ŵ˵˼ʵΪжReagan-ThatcherνɾߡṩԴҲ˶顣

ȻŵڽܡŦԼʱɷʱָоԸɹΪγɵۣʿֻϲ֧гĹ۵㣬ͬͬȨ֮ĸйزƲȨУŵҲӦЩǷֶIJƲӡذ˵IJƲ۵Ҳõʿͬʵϣŵ˵ԵĶ˼Ϊʶ̬ĸӹԸá

ŵ1938ŦԼIJ³֣ǵڶ˹ڸױǴѧ˹ٴѧѧ죬25ҵòʿѧλ1969꿪ʼڹѧڡʱǼѧμӡ嵳֧ڱѧϰʱ֯ҵѧˡĵطֻᡣֱ˹׫дʿĵʱڣŵһӴЩΪʱ绤Ĺ۵㣬Ҳ˾ҵijͻ̹ԡ̽Խ࣬Щ۾ԽԵŷڸȻʮִֵЩ۵Dzʱõƣֻл˲ô롹òһתΪһλ˼ҡ

ŵ޶˹ͬڹѧѧϵν̣۵Ҳѣ˴˵˼ȴȻͬ޶˹׷ϵܵ߼֤ŵ˵Ϭϣܵ۱ŷ硣Է۵߼ԽʾҲϵԮճе֤ǵȡ磬޶˹Ϊ츳ȡȻơڸУӦԴԱٷЩȺŵ˶Դڵʣӵֻ۾ǷӦһֻ˫Ŀʧä˲ǹƽ˼ŵ˵бȱȽǣʹʤҲ⵽ѧߵȷõɡŵ˱ʾִֹڡϸѧ֤ݡΪȻʵϣƲһԴDZķѧᴩ߼

޶˹һоҪרעڡۡ趨⣬ŵ˵ȤԵù㷺䡣ڹ30ĽѧУʼվܾظԼ̹Ŀγ̣ΨһڹΡõſγ̵ƶһ񣬽ѧļֵճϵ̽֡ꡢ顢Ե⡢Կ֡ɾ͡ա桢ݳޡȨԼܡͼֵͬѧĻӭŵ˵Ҳ漰ġѧ͡Philosophical Explanations1981һ̽ʶۡͬ־Ļȹ㷺ӵѧ⡣ʡThe Examined Life1989ƺطùϵġո׵⡹˼ʲôΪҪĶԵԡThe Nature of Rationality1993Ծصһϵ⡣ȥǰDD㳣͹ĽṹInvariances: The Structure of the Objective World, 2001DDԿѧо½չΪʾ̽Ļ⣬ʶڿ͹еãӶͼй͹Եۡ

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