Ůɽѧѧϵ99˶ʿо2000-01Լ ս˹ѧ-ϾѧĻоѧϰѧȤΪĻ
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20009£ԺͶƱйó׹λΪйWTO ˴šͶƱĽУ۷׷׶й""Ӱһֹ۾硣"ɻó׽ݻйĹȨ"ü־ơͬǰͳֶҲƣ"֧йWTO 1970ǧѷĻᣬɴǿʹйת䡣"[1] ܿ׫Robert J. Samuelson óȻθĸ߼"йᣩһеġΪᡣWTOٽΡв׼ԼķɢйĿƣյ"[2] Щϣ۷ӳһ۵㡣ձΪͨǿйľóϵԴٽйĸ仰˵Ϊһǿв׼Ϊƶйʽĺ

ȫ֧й羭ãҲְͬת䷽൱Ӱ졣ǣְתȫͬĸ򵥶ԣְתȨķʽеĸĸȨԴĺϷ⡣ijܻٽǰһĸĸȻߡɿ֧һ۵㣬ҪĻĽǶۡΪ𲽳͵йв׼"Į"ص㣬ǻֶص"Ļ"Ϊ˵в׼Ȼƶֹۼ衣

һΪв׼ԱרҵʿԱԼһַҵҵߡδʮйγһв׼ǽҪ""""--ָ"˾¼"֮ꡢۺγȫ򻯳еһˡͨԴѿев׼ķǷ֣϶Թ̬Į෴йΡ⽻ϳʱ̬߰ᣬγһصĻ

ǽȫ򻯶ΪʱȫľúϡһƲԽʼ1990ڵԵԭ򣨹弯ŵĽ壩ԼƼԭ򣨵ҵչԼٷչ"ȫ򻯵ij"Լȫصĸһص㣬ձиߵȽйΪ21"֪ʶʱ"ΪӭһսйѧϵͳУУʹнܸߵȽĻᡣԤϣһ߽ʹĸ˲Ľ뷢ев׼

2002йµ쵼ţڿԤĽŵ쵼³´л"ȫһ"𽥽㼶ңһԱѾҲйչ˽Ӫšһͬûĸijظ֮ȫǵѾʶ̬Ѳξ"ȫ򻯵һ"ߺܻܿʹйҾ޽ʻµĺˣԤйη֮ǰȱ˽"ȫһ"̬ȡ

ϺʦѧڡѧΪ"ʱڵĵ֮ĵµһȣǰǸ߶λԱ̸ΣǸ߶ȷλ"[3] ϺһѧѧҲͬһ۵㣺"˾Ժ󣬴󲿷ѧʧȥȤǸľá"[4] ѧ̬ȵתȻкܶԭ򣬵ڶرõӦȫ򻯴ķλde-politicizingӰ졣˾ŷ粨󣬴""˱ᡣڵСƽѲԼйٽȫгãЩתͶ"г"GDP˫λֵԼḻܳΪ䶼Ͽɵġµ׷ĿꡣŶԺ"ȫһ"߾پô죬վйϡ

1999һ飬80%й"гûʹǵԽԽá"[5] ŵǵ绰ͺγΪйеĽͷij󣬿˵Щ""Ѿȫ򻯴ĻȫںϡһΧУٱΪҪƷ"ȫһ"ӡֻ"ҹdz"-- â˸ȴʵʡңɼ19895£ױǴѧѧAndrew Nathan ָѧʧȥIJΪģΪ"۴ºְҵѧ߾õͱꡭΪԼְҵǰ"[6]һ۵Ȼƫȫ֮ӣľʾԡг޻ᣬܹߵȽ˾һdzͬĻҵĽפ͹ڲϷչ˽ӪΪṩΪḻĹᡣǵѧǸлܸߵȽ"ȫһ"׼֣Լɻȫ򻯵ߡ

Ȼйȫ򻯳ɹͬʱҲȫ򻯵ľ޴ѹͬʹǸעöΡһ˴ǶŮĻʹDZϻóɹⲻΪ"Ч׷"ҲǻʵǡʵϣŮͥԵǣDZ븺˫ĸ游ĸƻߵij̨й˿سءܼ˿ʹйһòΪѧ;ҵҾӲʤö٣""ѾΪȫһճ״̬ߵһΪ׼оԺGMATһʱ䱳쿼Իṩ200ƪġȻѪûа׷--ձʡѧԺMIT¼ȡ"ɹ"Ȼᵽijֱ׳

׼ijԽйСѧʼͱ뾭һϵпԵһ"Ļ"УҳDzŮijɹƣǵϣҲ"Сʵ"ǵѧϰ"Ļ"еijɹ߶ãǵĿ̿ѧϰԻᣬͬʱԸοĸŬѧϰ"ʱ"ѭ浸أֻҪ⼸㣬ͿԳΪȫƵijˣ˳ܹãgainζʧȥ (lost) Ļ"ҪҪսȨ"һĴҲȻˡ

ֵùעǣȫʹйԹĮĵͬʱҲڴ̼ڹеŦԼʱ20014µһƪ˵"й꣩ĸ̬ȷӳ˹ȥʮһִʵĹת䡣תʹڽ˴ʮγ˶"[7] Ϊȫ򻯣׷Ĺ棬ȫйΪ""رйʹܺըԺ󣬺ܶйΪɶڰȨϵ"Ƥ"⣬ȫ򻯿źձϵصҲΪĴɢṩ˱Nicholas Kristof Ϊ"йų̶ȵļǿͨҽ˼룬ϯֱ̨ĿӰգʹйˡ̲"[8]

Ӱƶߡڸչȥõײ¼Уй쵼˰ϵļΪƶʱIJο֮һЩ۰̸"ܽǿԡ"[9] ʹЩº͵ѧɱҲΪΪġʽʺй"ǰʱΪֵ׷ĿꡭڿйٿȻҡ"[10] ڣܾ"Made in America"ǩɵȼֵתȨܴʹйǿ̬ȵ겻׷ƸĸһҪԭ֧"ȶѹһ"۵㡣Thomas Friedman ȥһƪָģ"ѧȶỷڻͶʵߣDzԸrock the boat"[11]

˵ʮǰûгй羭õĹʵ˾ôθĸпԻһеĻڵdzȫ򻯹ʵĵһйˡǾóµĶԪƲԼʲô෴ֻʧȥࡣһȫ򻯵һԱʲôǵıֺܻܿϺв׼1987˶еı֣"е㲻Ͻͷߺ'꣡'--һԲ''Ŀںš"[12]

йDZڵIJȶأܱìܡýṹת̬͡񻯵ȣǿᶯĿԡв׼һǿ"(order)"ЧάߵʱΪ֧ѧڽָ"Ҫв׼йв׼Ҫ"[13] θĸĶƺȫеߣũʧҵˣڴв׼ȫбȺѾʼģޡбĿʵЩȺƶĸĸﲻ"ģorderly""ȫһ"̬ΪǿƶϣΪάĿǰ""άȫеļȵ棬ڿԤδ"ȫһ"Ϊв׼ΪеϰǵȻ֧ߡ

* Լս˹ѧϾѧ"ľ"һȽ

עͣ
[1] üҡ(The Economist)20005201920ҳ
[2] "й"ܿ(Newsweek)20002929ҳ
[3] أ"ȫ21йηչ"ս20006ڡ
[4] ̸¼2001519ա
[5] ʱ(Ϻ) 199918.
[6]"һϻ⣬"ŦԼʱ(The New York Times)1989522 A档
[7] ͬϡ
[8] Nicholas Kristof"Ĺʵ˭ǵйߣ"ŦԼʱ(The New York Times)2001422
[9] "սοʼ"Զۡ(Far Eastern Economic Review)200141115ҳ
[10] "й̬"ŦԼʱ(New York Times) 2001422һ棬6ҳ
[11] "˼"ŦԼʱ(New York Times) 20001028A棬31ҳ
[12] David Martin Jones"̫ἰв׼"Ƚ־(Comparative Politics)19981£147ҳ
[13] ʼ¼2001519ա

 
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