ΩԸƽˮʹ罭ϣ
et revelabitur quasi aqua iudicium et iustitia quasi torrens fortis

ӷͨϵ۵Ļ

Ϸĩ  2007-11-22

ϵٻȥˣӷͨԼĻǶԣһ޴źԲԣǾϵһɡ

ӷͨϵ۵Ļ 



ϵһλķ١Բ 

1918ϸݹط(Hartford)

1938é˹ѧԺ(DartmouthCollege)ѧʿѧλ

1939׶ؾúѧԺоҵ֤顣

1942Ү³ѧʷѧ˶ʿѧλ

1942-1945ְפŷսͭ¡

1947Ү³ѧѧʿѧλ

1948-1989ѧ衰編͡ȽϷʷγ

1961-1962Ī˹ƴѧ

1974桶ڽ̡

1983桶ɴͳγɡ

1985ΰĪѧ(EmoryUniversity)ڡ

2003桶򡪡½̸ĸɴͳӰ졷

20071113գʹضԼһƪڲڵľģĪӣDZд¡תһԼ顷¡

ǣڶ֪ŦԼȻţ89ꡣ

ƪУ˵ȥʱҲתأǾ͸ˡѳΪһʵֵԸ

ɱ뱻ͬ衱

йĹ˵޵¡J(HaroldJBerman)ҲΪİģɽˣѧԺݷݷѧӣ֪䲩⻪

ѧңιѧѧڣ1985˺ԻƸĪѧϯRobertWWoodruffڣѧ磬ʷѧ磬Ϊǵʼķѧ֮һ

Īѧڸ˵ǡѧѧΪԨѧ֮һ䷨˼ڽӰʹ20Ͱ˹ơӵ¡¬ֺʡڵķѧ˵ӪӮһϯ֮ء

ġ70ġڽ̡й棬ȵķɽشķ졣ɱ뱻ͬ衱һΪйɽйΪԮһԡ

Ȼûовѧ˵Ϊйһ鷨ѧˣҲͬΪһ۶𺳣ʾйءڽ֮ϵʹ볤õĿ˼ֱȥԵλǶʴȵķɣֿ˼ȻԼʡ

һλϵĻͽ

һ̫ͥСͶϣʥйѧ̸Լ̡Ƕսڼ䣬ȥŷ޷ʣðſܱץΣգȥɴͳµĵ¹̽Ůѣݱд½ͽܵһ¹ͥıӻӶѡ

ʱֵ1939죬սȻܲŷ޵գֻǰʿû죬ΪŮѣۻص¹շת;УŷũһڻϣоdzΪǰѧĶʷоûˣһжҪˡ

Ȼһ賿ʱԼҮƶϵ󡣴ǸʱʼΪһͽ

ĸδѧо˾޴Ӱ졣Ĵڽ̡Уֱӽʾˡڽ̵ϵⱾ1971ڲʿٴѧĽݼ˵ⱾʵҲȡΪڽ̵ĻһIJӣ˼ֵȴ

ⱾУָĻͳݽʷУڽ̵ĹϵΪУ߾ĸͨҪأʽͳȨձԣУڽ̸˷侫񡢷Ҫʥԡ

ǵǣڽ̵Ĺƫ¸˴ͳзڽ̵ֹϵ˷ӦеڽأʧȥʥԶΪеһֹߡĻͳľ޴Σ

мڴˣָûķɽ˻ΪĽûзɵҲڱΪţźɱ뱻ͬ衣

ٲȻһԪۡߣϵۣҲɣǿϵ뷨ɵһԡ

й˶ԣȻûƲ˵ڽпԡ顱Էɵ̬ȥΪЧ׹ߣΪͳߵġֻ֮ǡҡʽİԸĻᄈ֮£ɱ뱻۶ϣDZdz˵ΣDZעijֱ飬Ӷ䱾ҲתΪһµġ

һԵ

1983꣬ע45ɵġĸǡɴͳγɡ

һУѧһΪྭ֮һ֡ͬǣڹĻĴͳ

ɴͳݽʷʵᴩ˼شĸУ11ĩ12ͳĽ̻ʸͳһصĽ̻Ȩӻʵۡͷ⽨нųγ͵ķƶȩ̻Ľ̻ᷨϵ߷֮ͥĸ׷ɣҷ⽨з̷ȨȨľҶԿ֮УɵΪεͳελĻͳ16Խ̱Ķθ֪ӢԼ20Ͷͼ뷨ɴͳѣȴֲòعһͳһͳ档

̶ѧҲΪģ޹ֺѧΡH˹˵һԵοѧۡƣ顰һʱҪķɼձҲ˵ÿɼҶӦж

ʵġûд꣬ǰѾ׫д2006йʱŵ˵йͬһȤģϣԼܹдꡪһ㹻ĻҪȡϵǷԸ⿴ⲿ顣

ϵƺջDzԸΪй֡ϵٻȥˣӷͨԼĻǶԣһ޴źԲԣǾϵһɡ

˵ġ

һֱǿɡֲεģһǡʵڷ˶һǰ񶨷󷨡ϵȻȻϵķΪԷɵָǶԡʵڷǶԡȻ

2006514գֱ˲֡Ȼ۵죬໴Ƶѧӣ㽭ѧУ͹ݽλһŽ̨ϵλ񷨵һµˡ

зʵ֤塢ȻѧԼʷѧɣʱʷѧûжӰˣȻѧҲʽ΢ֻзʵ֤Ϸ磬ȻѧɣΪȻ˼ԸΪϡٳǸ˵Ӽ˵㿴һСδѧɣҲ˵ҵģ˵Ȩʶ˵ңҲŴ˵Ȩ̷Ĺ˵Ӧҵģͱںͬʶ˵ǰְģô˵ܷĹˡЩһδӴɵСȻȻӵеĹʶ

ݽﲻʱЦˣȴλֱ˳˼Ӿ൱ɣϾһӵʮѧĵǵ֮ڣܾ֤˼ڤݡ

ǵȥǸٱ֮ʣǸжصлȻ󻺻½ݣӭһλйѧǸΪ顢Ϊ˵ʽӵ

һĻǡǡԵع˵й벮ѧ˵֮һϵ粮ʾĻͳзڽֹ֮ϵͬ޵׷˼Ϊ㽭ѧ⻪ѧԺ