ΩԸƽˮʹ罭ϣ
et revelabitur quasi aqua iudicium et iustitia quasi torrens fortis

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㽭ѧѧԺ㽭 310028

ڵйѧδȥ¼ơԾиԷ˼ĻչϬѧʧΪڷѧѧķ֮һȫ鱥߶ԡйͼйע뼱ڴԴΪݽ겵ط˶йѧľӰĴģʽ[1] ֮Զӽ֮ء˼֮ף˸塣

Ȼ갷ҵҲӦ̹ԣ߱˲ܹϸʽķѧѵеһЩ漰רҵ˼ı۵Ҳȶڡ塱вּȻԻߣɱ΢ڴ˱߲ðԴӷѧԼɱ΢Դ˾ͽ߱ˡ

һ֡йѧ

ʲôǡйԼʶͽ͡й⣬ǵΪйѧķ˼бġһΪ⡱[1] ڸ⣬˽ڵжǣй1840һֱڡ˼״̬[2] ŬҲڻѡ˼ߡͼָһ˼·

Ȼ֪ʶ綨йĸѵĽգڷѧ˳µصйѧĸɡ

ڴӦָڷѧϵġйѧȻϸѧעǣǷΪǢ֪ʶϵйѧ.ڷʡδȥ֮ǰǡǡԤˡйѧ֮ڿԵģ˿֪ܵʶϵԣ[2] ䷽ǵеڡִʽ֧֮ڡͼġйͼ򣬵˽ֻƲʹĴģʽΪйѧ״ĹУǡйͼʲôʵ֮ںΪΣ˽ڷ塱ķֻüڲԡ[3]

Ϊ˽ڶԡйͼƳ [4] Լɴйѧ֮ܵŬͲDzɵˡڿйڲڵิӽṹͶԪֵŬֻΪҲ֤йڡԼйڡԣԡҡΪĵǿϣִָʽԡйѧĶݣֶŬ[3] Ӧ˵ֶͨŬҲѰһͬΪй֪ʶѧȨȷʶڵˡΪййĻۡ

Ȼ˽һҲܳ⡰йѧΪǢϵĿԣֻĽǶȴΪͬѡΪڷѧŵԵҪؿ򶨡йĽ·Ȼпӳ˱ĺͬڵȻûҵӦеij·Ĺ˹ָڵ˶ԪĻ๲ͬ޷ͬάϵΪȱֵ淶֮Ʒˡܷ塱Verfassungspatriotismus[5] Ϊִͳһļֵ淶ͬʱΪشʲôǵ¹ݡ[6] ΪԼֵԪѾʼֵĹʶؽγɵĵй˵ҲõĽ辵ij˵̱仯еĵй̸ֵڡ֮֮Ȩпյɡʵеļֵ϶ԡܷΪĵġʵϵ֮ʽļֵʶΪһо干ʶЭһֻ[7] ˣΪӷѧǶȥ˼ιйѧijԲ׵ģҲǿġԣڴȻԽȵ¾ȥʶ⡰йѧѧijضģʷγɵķΪޣ֮̽𰸵ѧʡ[4] ֮ڱ߿йѧǿܵģǻڡ塱ϵ֡йѧǷѧϵġйѧ

źǣֻڷѧǶȵ⣬ڵġйͼвDzڳģҷпܱڸġ[8] ֮ġйѧûзѧһͼġ

νѧ

ѧRechtsdogmatik[9] Ե¹ѧһڿϣķѧʵѧѧѧͬһƵĺʹá֪ġѧ[10] ʵ÷ѧ۷ѧ[11] ѧĸǿԳģʵ÷ѧǶԸŷѧͳƣЩ֮ͬγɵIJŷѧһͬص㣺ǶΧԵġijضġ򡱶չ̬ϣѧʵҲָƲŷѧ֮ŷѧǷѧڵ¡յȴ½ϵң񷨾ͱֱӳΪ񷨽ѧ񷨽ѧ̷ͱֱӳΪ̷ѧ̷ѧȵȣ߹ҳ֮ΪΪŷķѧӦΪ۷ѧķѧѧҲȡһ־зѧķۣԽķʵ֤˼ǡ໥ϣ[12] Ϊ񷨽ѧ̷ѧʵ÷ѧķѧṩ۵Ļ߹ҳ֮ΪΪ۵ķѧ

һڲŷѧķѧΪνġ塱

ȻȫƪȻûг֡ѧĸƵڸĴģʽ֮һ塱뷨ѧʵԵϵڴӦָǣ塱һڷѧDzϸģڵ¡йѧᄈ±ָƷϵķѧʱ䱾͸Ȼر˱ɱļֵжϡȻ塱legalismָʽ巨ѧʵ巨ѧзѧôͨǴűġ[13]䷨ѧƶȡҲԴйר[14] ָһﱾʹͲɫʣ䡰˼ָԹijá[5] зѧͼսͳ˼ʱͽ֮Ϊɷ塱liberal legalism[6] ʹһûȷΪŷΪϵķѧΪڵķγ˴λĸ֣һǰָ塱ԵDzŷеһ֡רҵ[15] һں塱ʱԮľѧʷΪ۵ķѧ[7] ǰһʹõġ塱׿еıɷָ֣Ƶŷѧо򣬼ŷѧ

ʵӦʶʹѧ״ֵָժΪŷķѧ䱾ڵĿҲ޷߸ģΪDzŷѧȻҪȡʽΪѧƷϵĸųơйһ㣬ʵ׸ԡѧ³ڣEdword L. Rubinָ뿪ʽļ԰ѧӭĻһڰ[8] й֣ڹʡѧΣʱ[9] ġѧҲַѧϵķѧҲ˵塱֮ʱij൱սΪѧ֮IJŷѧ֮ںԡ

ڷ۵ķѧġйʶ

ȻΪ۵ķѧҲ޿ɺǡѧʷ϶ԷѧͨԵҲΪһǩķۻѧ˼ķʽɡⷽУԮļȫǹڴͳʵ֤֮УǴҪ⣺һԵǴͳʵ֤壬ֵעǣʵ֤壨漰Ҫǹ淶ʵ֤ʵ֤壩Ҳڷչ仯У֮Ϊѧķѧڼۺռŷѧ֮ҲΪ㷺ջЩԿ˷ǻײ˼룬Щ¶򣬵˽޶áڶȡĴԮΪǡǡҲп䱾ָ֡ȱʧ˵йʶԮ[10] Ϊֱ״ûеõӦеĹעйʱǷҪѧйѧķѧչ״¶ʲôΪһ㣬ͬ˵ȱԷѧijֹע

ԣԡ塱ĵǺ͡ѧ롯[11] ȡڶ19ͷʵ֤УǶԺΪʸ֮ĵġѧBegriffsjurisprudenz, the jurisprudence of conceptionsСȷЩ̬ȻѾʱǨɸķѧ˱ȻӰ죻ȻϾǶԷѧһ֮Ե¹ѧʷΪѧҮ֣Rudolq Von JheringĿķѧZweckjurisprudenzɷ˶the free law movementУ̵ܵУһʹøѧӶˡ淶ѧķѧһ棬ɷ˶Ҳˡѧ[12] ɴҲչγԺտˣPhilipp HeckΪڴ淨ѧinteressenjurisprudenz, the jurisprudemce of interests淨ѧֱܿΪһߵ̫ԶӶΪ֮äĿСblind-flyingڴ˱У۷ѧWertungsjurisprudenz, evaluativejurisprudenceߵijӦ˶֮¹ѧڸѧ֮󣬾پˡѧ 淨ѧ ۷ѧΪչ·ת䣬[13] ˹УѧչɴˣѧԶܴʵ֤巨ѧȫòʹںߵڲҲѾ˱⼫˻ʶӢ·ʵ֤巨ѧϯأH. L. A. Hartϵˡ޶ȵȻthe minimum content of natural law⡣[14]

Ȼ׼ȷָŵʵ֤ʵȻϸ޷ʵ֤ӦȻ༴ɱ⣬൱Σյġ[15] ŷ½ѧԣһܵ¿ĶԪ֮Ӱ⣬ȷѧǣ[16] ѧչʷҲӿֳһһ˷򻺽һǵ۳ԡЩУзΤġ۵ѧֽ޶˹Ĺ淶ۡ˹̸пķ֤۵ȵȣΪ䷶˺˵Щ۵㱾ǷѧĹ۵㣬DZϾԷ˲ǿãʹ֮Իߡ㣬άַѧ֮ͳĵλ

ҹŷѧзѧ˼ҲǵƵġ塱ڱ߿ʵǡǡԶδﵽķѧӦ̬߱˽֪ڶԷѧ۵о𲽽ֱ90Ϊѧ֮Ҫֵķɽѧſʼõʵ۽ĴࡣӦóϣ編ѧ˼ʷϵݽʾѧǷѧչ߽һͬһϿ˽ڵеȷз˼Ե壬ɴƳѧDzʺϡйѧһģ͡׿ǰġйѧĸǡǡڷѧϳһ㲻˵ֶۣڵйѧо״ҲһС20͵йѧԣһһԹ֮ǣûʶʵͼֵ֮ĽŹϵѧϰڴӦȻֱƶϳʵȻ⡣[16] ״ڽķѧоȻĹۣȴڼڵµಿŷѧԽ˵ԷѧΪ壬[17] ѧԻѧδΪ[17] Ϊˣûзѧķʶйѧеν塱ʮ׽Ӥˮһõˡ[18]

йشӺΡ˼

޽ѧչһǷɼһרҵѧҵķѧ÷ѧһ׷ɼҴƵķԣԷɼҾĽͷɷʵ֮׷ʵ֪ʶּ֮Ȥɳ֮Ϊѧڵķѧһѧҡѧһѧҵķѧ˵רҵѧ˼ߵķѧΪѧķѧ[18] ɴ֮ѧȻǰһ֣[19] ҹѧоɹرνѧеоɹ൱ڡѧķѧڵġ֪ʶѧ·ͬҲǺ֮еһּԡ[20] ȻӦÿڵӽǺڵӽ֮Ҳһϵ޽ڸרҵۡĴڳһ󣺷ѧķ˼һ֪ʶķʽɼҵʶ֪ʶϵĹס[19]

갷֡ѧķѧΪڷһִ۸ӵĹ淶󣬶ǶȵʶȻȫءʶںȫòͬʱͬĽǶȴ˲ͬķѧɣٽѧķ٣֮κһ·ҲӦʶ֮ȫòʹԪķ໥ºͽ֮УҲֻ޽ӽȫòʶ״̬֮һѧóķѧ£ӵžʵĶһӽǣҲȻʶɵǶ׽⡣϶ԣ˽֪ʶѧҪģDzɻȱġӷѧĹ۵ڷСѧڵķѧĹֻǷŲǿ͵Ĺܣõ˽ԼıǾǡij֧ԮԵá[20] ȻҲδȥķ

ϣ˽֪ʶѧĽʵйѧͬäĿҾ׷ŷΪͷһȣͬʱҲͬԷḻԴȥ׾һ˼άʽ֮ܶϾ⡰ѧ֮⣬ġйѧδȥ׷ʣҲǾڷѧڲӽ֮һ׷ˡ巽ϵľ֮⣬˽ʼ޷йͼҲ䡰ʶ®ɽĿֻԵڴɽ⡯֮ʡ

οף

[1][7][11][15][20]. йѧδȥйͼʱ۸[M]. : ӡ, 2006. 8; 66ff; 66; 7071; 269

[2][10]. ӦѰйѧ[J]. 㽭ѧ, 2006, (1): 3-8.

[3] . 塰й·ֻ[J]. ̳, 2005, (6): 66-69.

[4] []. ѧ[M]. °. ̨: ͼ湫˾, 1996.ۡ. 1.

[5] []. ƶȡѧǶȹ۲[M] . Ӣ. : йѧ, 1994. 289.

[6] . зѧ[J]. ȽϷо, 1989, (2).

[8] Edword L. Rubin. "Law and and the Methodology of Law"[J]. Wis. L. Rev., 1997: 521-565.

[9] ֣. ѧΡѧġѧԡɢ[J]. ձ, 2001-1-14.

[12] ѷ. ѧ[M]. ̨: ִӡ, 1998, 98.

[13] . ֮äĿС淨ѧͨ[J]. 㽭ѧ, 2004, (5): 63-71.

[14] H. L. A. Hart. The Concept of Law[M]. Oxford: Oxford university press, 1994. 193ff.

[16] . ܷ淶淶ܷ淶ܷѧһǰ[M]. : ɳ, 2001. 910.

[17] ֣. νΧƹ淶̸淶ܷѧķ[J]. 㽭ѧ, 2005, (4): 138-144.

[18][19]. ӷۿѧ۵ķչ[J]. 㽭ѧ, 2004, (5): 39-47.

* ˼·дָ٣֣ھ׽֮޶

߼飺1963 Уˣѧʿ㽭ѧѧԺڡʿʦ

֣ڣ1979 У㽭ٰˣ㽭ѧܷѧѧʿо

[1] ַѧǣԽΪҪġȨλۡԲŷѧΪġ塱ƽΪġĻۡΪġԴۡ

[2] ˽һѪָйѧɵذƶ԰ΪйԼġͼŷڱŤйʵṹйʵ⣬Ҳʹִʽռ֪ʶġԸ衱μ. йѧδȥйͼʱ۸[M]. : ӡ, 2006. 81Լڶ¡

[3] ֡ԡĶ巽ʽ˽ĩȷIJԿµɻȻӦ262ҳ

[4] йͼǷڣⱾҪ֤ġѧȷĴڿܣڵµĴڿܣ磬ֱԣṹԼȷͳļֵļDzܵģ˶ڵ˽ڵȡֻܡףǡμ. Ϊṩ[J/OL]. http://jwd.fyfz.cn/blog/jwd/index.aspx?blogid=88069. ֲʿҲȷָʹ޸ʱйѧ˵DzӵԼġйͼġμ. ޸ʱʶŬ[J]. 㽭ѧ, 2006, (1): 9-13.

Ȼδ֤һ£ֱԤĴڣչһԣʶģ˽дʱȴѾԤйͼдڡνУڵ˽ƪµʱνĴڣǴڵ˽ڵУʵѾⲿ磬ĻҲͳƲˣеͼڵ˽ڵУõйͼǼйɺͷѧо״Լ״Ķ⡣μһԣ. йͼĿ[J]. ̳, 2005, (6): 63-65.

[5] ܷ塱Dolf Sternberger˹IJʹ֮Ϊȵ㡣μ½Ҹ. ˹ܷ̽[J]. ѧѧ, 2006, (4): 10-14.

[6] μ[]˹. ʵ淶֮[M]. ͯ. Ϻ: 顤֪, 2003, ¼ݺͬ˹. ŷ޵ҡȨ͹ʸĹȥδ[J/OL]. . http://www.gongfa.com/zhuquanhegongminhabermas.htm

ڴ˻Ͻһɰ塱ĸΪDZģһ֡ɰ塱ľǹ˹˵ġܷ塱μ. [J]. , 2003, (1): 112-120.

[7] ֵǣ˵ġʵ롰ܷڵµʵϵЩɣǴӦȻϵЩϵʹҲ൱ڵ˽Եġйͼеֶ

[8]ͬʱҲʹѧעĽֻͣڡȻ۵ͼ֮ϡ˽дѧ֪ʶ⡪ףҿ,ΪۡлƶṩΪ׼ĸָȻ۵ͼμ33ҳ

[9]Ϊɽѧѧѧϸ˵ɽѧ͡ѧӦĵֱǣjuristiche DogmaticRechtsdogmaticֻʹͨͨġμ[]п. ֤ۡΪ֤۵۱[M]. . : йƳ, 2002. 310.

[10] ѧڶʹãָķѧҲָķѧָ۷ѧҲָʵ÷ѧμ֣. ڡѧۡΪһı˵[J]. ѧ, 2004, (2):3-10.

[11] ޽ڹڡӦ÷ѧ롰ķѧۡѧѧķ࣬˴ķӦġμ. ӷۿѧ۵ķչ[J]. 㽭ѧ, 2004, (5): 39-47.

[12] ڹķʵ֤壬ж̬¿ɰʵ֤塢ѧķѧʵ֤塢Ψʵۼķʵ֤塣÷ʰ. ʵ[M]. : йѧ, 2003. 214. ѷ.ѧ[M], ̨: ִӡ, 1998. 98.

[13] ѧڡlegalismʮַḻ󲿷ֳ2060ʱĴУJudith N. Shklar. Legalism: Law. Morals. and Political Trials[M]. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press. 1964. ҿһʽ巨ѧԻĴۣ Peter M. Blau. The Dynamics of Bureaucracy[M]. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 1963. Philippe Nonet. Administrative Justice[M]. New York: Russell Sage Foundation. 1969. Reuschlein. Harold Gill. Legalism: The Jurisprudence Roundtable. 1965 - The Jurisprudence Roundtable. 1966. Revisited[J]. J. Legal Educ., 1966-1967, (vol. 19): 49-50. Judith N. Shklar. In Defense of Legalism[J]. J. Legal Educ[J]. J. Legal Educ., 1966-1967, (vol. 19): 51-58. Samuel I. Shuman. Legalism: Asset, Nuisance, Necessary Evil or Illusion[J]. J. Legal Educ., 1966-1967, (vol. 19): 59-65. ȵȡ

[14] See Lawrence M. Friedman. The Legal System: a Social Science Perspective[M], New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 1975. p.247ff. 뱾֮Ϊ塱μ[]. ƶȡѧǶȹ۲[M]. Ӣ. : йѧ, 1994. 288ff.

[15] ڸҳעб塱оҪμŷоԱĸйزŷоģǸֲŷ̿顣μ65ҳ

[16] Ҫָǣӵ¹ڷѧ׵¡רר˾ָ𣬲ǽڷѧ磬ڷʵ֤Ƿ˶սʱɴ⼫ȨͳεİϣоɹɴĹ巨˼ϵ봫ͳȻϵȫͬڷϸӽȻ˼룻ֱȻѧȻرܵʵ֤巨ѧ׵¼ֵרơ

μH. L. A. Hart. Positivism and the Separation of Law and Morals[A]. in Hart. Essays in Jurisprudence and philosophy[C]. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1983. 49-87. []. ˹.²³մ[M]. . : ɳ, 2003. [Ӣ]˹. ɵ[M]. ï. : dz2005, ʵ֤塱֣. Ȼһˣ[A]. ֣. ѧ뷨ѧ۴(2)[C]. : йѧ, 2000. . ѧĵ¼ƷȨͳӰµķʵ֤[J]. ⷨѧ, 2003, (4). . Ȼʵ֤뼫Ȩͳ. Цȱ. طζ[C]. : ɳ, 2003. 123-146. ȵȡ

[17] ʮǰƽڵжʮпϵģѧȻѧȻδעͷѧԼǣעͷѧͲгķѧ˵ġעͷѧ൱ڱνġ˵Էѧμƽ. [J]. йѧ, 1994, (2): 6-7.

[18] ½ҲƵжϣĽáܡֲǽᷢչ⣬й󡣡ʶ̬ԼоϵĶϲ㣬ijЩʷ׶θͻȱֵ֪ʶȫ⣬ںܶ༼Ҫģ¶οáĽԼ¡⻹ûн͸ߵָ塢սִʽ᲻ٲ᲻ᷴijֱصĽڣμǰġ

[19] ǰIJΪŷķѧΪ۵IJŷڱ߿Թ롰ѧڵķѧֻΪ۵ķѧɼҵķѧȡŨıѧɫġȻܣѧ˳ķѧۣѧѧ19 ֮ǰɷѧ˼¢ϵľ档μޣǰġ

[20] ΪڡΡѧ͡ᡪѧִйѧⲿʶйѧչ̵ģʽȡ֪ʶѧķ˼еڲ·μ56ҳڱ߿ڲ·ֻ֪ʶϵķ·ǰģʽͬǴӷѧڲӽ֮ʶѧ