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ƽѡĻ壿

Ѵƽ˵ʵҹ꣬оһйо̱߱Ʒƽˣǰ˽⣬ֻ֪ǡϷĩ2000絳ίǵ򹲺͹ʹ£ũࡢũũҵΣգ

׮׮ҵļӢ˼ĪġӢʷĪʹ׷1617֮ոƶıദո𲽵ĹҵڼͬʱҲΪʷһȫµһͶһȴԼһС˼δʵոʷʵϣʱԭʼ͵Ĵƶ˵һάϵġʧȥˡʱռͳελոƶֱֳĬ̻ܽʿһƶĺҲһǡʹĺӡһ᲻ܱ֤ƶʱDZѡֻ˳µҳԼЩʹĺӡԼĸĸϴ֮ɱʹĴǣ㹻ǮƣԻȡһȥ´½ĴƱӴ˶ϾǺὨκԼDzҪʣһ岢㹻ˣûһ͵ġ´½ΪЩ·ߵƶ˳֮أָأѵѡ˳汾̸ۺΪͳʱһλӢ˼--ǵˣȾ˵һĴ첢dzԼǵϵۣ˭ûȨԼڡɲΪ˷ɱƶִͨвųΪԼʹҸָȫֹͣʱȻҲҪdzˣͱûϵȺڡû˾ȨͿ϶ûڡһûзɵͳΣһ׮˼顣ͼȡƻIJƲǵĵλʹ䴦רȨµū״̬ʱ߾ʹԼս״̬ǿεı˵ûкϷȨƷһֻս״̬ʱзȨַȨȨȻȨȨֻҪһɵþͲܼʹһǷѾ壬ԶǸ˷Ѻ͸߶ʶԵ⡣˻ǾǣҪսĸоġһ˲ܷжԼǷΣ֮еȨһԡһвһѧ˵޷һ㡣ʹڹУҲһɴһϽұһкгϣʵϵķ١жϵȨжϵķʽǿǿоһϵáר϶ָһͲܲоԼǴʲôͳ֮¡ղ谭ĸоdz˵֮ʱҪƶɣԼͼִзɣҪ񿴵ܵ򣬵ʼʱܹƾֶάͳΣȨѾʧʱͲϵ֣֮ҵ˽ֻܽĶˡ

꡶˵ʵҳԤϵظе𾪡𾪵IJƽʹµġũࡢũҲ뵽״ԼǴӺijصһᡰײˡײйѧġ𾪵ǶԵĿƪ£ƽǵһũˣһ絳ίݣϵͳ˵ģǵһ꣬Ӣͳ߿εظοƶ˵ʹһӡڰˮƽҲϲһӢƶİٷ֮һǶǵũ˵ĽǣǷũ̫࣡Եı⣩

Ĺؼںˣڶͬһ̸ĸε⣺ũԹһҵľ󲿷˿ڲһ֮񡰵Ȩôһ֮ܳΪǾѧС󡰲󡰵⣬Ǹ̵漰Ȩʵδ⡣֮¶ŵʿͼνȨijκεƵУΪκƵĸⶼȨʵʵĶ⡣߷εΰžνȨеȨ޷̰һ֮ڻȨϷָΡִ֮Ļλֻǹ壬μԭ--Ȩԭͬʱζţֱ֮߱Եϵκεͬ˿ڻִмءжϡƽʱ˴Ŀģ޲ʾϿ̶ȡνԤˡҡĸһ֮Ҳһطͬһ˿Ⱥ⹫ҲйθĸĿκΪķʽжϹ֮ϵҪһϵ߶ȼͻ߶֮ΪѷȾʹһԭ򣺡׼ܷʱƺȫӶӶطЩͬƿͬģƺΪ֮ȨȫܹͬɵĿơЩǵĴָDZףεȨʲôطʹֻ񡣡ѷΪ̵ضԡΪʽĹ㷺ԶνܣвҪʿ¹ڡһԣӶΪԺͬγɵ˾ԵĻʯҲϣѷΪʷܷ׾ǡ񡭡

ѷͬʱҲΪʷָĽܳμ֮һ֮ǰֻɾơϰ߿׽άҪ⣺ƺԿܳξðʵˣҪɾȨҪ޾ǿܵģDZġɾʹ˷ΰҵİ취ȶ֤һȨǿܵģDZġйαǡǡҪĵʧˣһһεĸĸijϣ˵ʵԿǵٴṩôһйλһصۡʱ۹⡢־

Ǻ۹⵹Դӵ¹ѧΤϸһΤָǿִԴmass democracyΪѡپżȻ󣬶Ϊִõ߶ȷ⻯չ֮һΨһЧֶΣͳڽ̺͵¶ԿΣȻԪչΪۡǰΤԼ¹һڻľѸΪһŷ޾ôΪǣΪһھϵͻȻȻһµΣգ¶һеβ졣־ÿٷչԳ֮ʹһĸԸˮΤġκ깲͡βĴʡΤִָĻڴһιʹԪɢΪ־ֻм򵥵˿ȺĿǣֻı⡣ˣ徭𱳺һشǣǷ㹻Զ־ȥһµλƣӦṹľ޴䶯ΤΪλֻǴһͳһҾù̵Աܹͬʱ뵽һͳһιȥ޷ڱεУų⣬ĻΤֻھ÷չ൱δֻ״²ſСΪԾֹ״̬УҪпͳڽ̺͵£ֻӢ֮IJĺƺ⡣һúٱ䶯˾ͱȻҪԡ񡰵⡣ΤΪ¹ݿʽ⽨Ҫû䣬ʽŷΣӢ̬Ҳδ⡣1867꣬Ӣĸ﷨ij̨Լ˴ӵɵĵ·Ǿ߱ǻۡ־ԶӢһʾԼ̵ڣʹĹι̾һνĴ͸͸ʹײȺͬʱ߱ȫΣnational politicsĻʶʹԱιϰߣthe habit of sharing responsibilityӶ߱Īĸ߶Τָͷĸڡ

꣬Τеǵľǵʱĵ¹ǡһȫȻȱκν塰Τ˵ʱ¹ʲ׼Ŀķп塰Ƭǿȶһٴʧθĸʱ˵¹ײˡ֢һֵ¹еġʷ͡Ρµijɹֻ̫ƽ硣¹ʷƺѾߵͷǧķܶƺѾڽȫﵽ˭һδǷΪһʬ⡢ʧأʵϣdz֮ʱʷ͸ǵκһδܹ--٪壡ԡáĿǿΪʱʱľάϵһιͬĹ޸Сһ˽ײ²ųȫι֮⣬ɥʧ˰ҳԶľΡȨյĴ۱޷ΪʶĵߣǡǡԺϣ̨ĸԭϣռ̳п˼·һ棬Ƭ׷ǿ󣬰˾ͻΧIJ·ڵ˥΢ʹ̰ǰҮһ۰֮ٴƷ˹澺еʧܺ衣Үһս־帴˱пƳ˽꣬ɴ·սʹٴνȵסսԡĵ¹һ˵ĸǵ֮ѾƵңңˡ

: ак : ˵˵ : 02-02-09 12:50 ظ ޸ı
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˵˵ʵйи̱壬һҪԭ򣬾Ȿƽһλ¼Աһ̺ض̵塣ĪǶոijʷʱҲڽ̸ĸ↑ʼջԼιʵʱڡʱĴŷ嶼չõͬʱҲҪġҳϡս·ºͼӶĵ׷ȫɥʧǵǰڽСʥʱ߱ԡʱʢеĺŵԡʥΪԽε׼ڡų塰Ĺ£ǺлͽƽʱƷЩһƽ񡰵ĹϵĹؼȨ׵ؽ˵ͽۺͽȺ壬ǵƾ衰ġԭƾԼȷԼʱؽзȨҺҲҲƾ߶ǻ۲ſɽġ塰ԭΪƯڻڵIJȷ֮ϡڿ췴Ȩʱֳ۹ͨȴûаۼǣDZ׼֤һϵҲ԰ѪɺӡʱͬʱļѽһΪֵġġԭ˾Ȩʵ

Ϊ˷äĿġʥļκӶIJָϵͨ¼ԱһضӢרƾġӶҪ¼ԱضӢеҪΡȻξһ׮޲飬һ˾ҪرļѡͬӶĵȵͬʱʵǣƽDzһ¼ԱӢһĽɫأһոµĽɫӶĺεһ־ҵԴμҵְһʥĸ٣ǵеи߶ȵҫҲǸмصءΪһ־ҵһŹڹѧǿ԰ũ󡰼ԿɣߵȦũרҲ԰ũһķֻȺμ£κԱԴμҾᵥƾ蹦ԭߡġԭ£Ӧκξ¶ԡ塰ԭ¡¶ƽ׵ģǰһƽȺͲƽķʽԵͣӶάܱҸҪ߶ʵǻۡԶʶ۹ͼǿ־ġУҲûбǿƶЩⲿϵȶˣЩϵΪԭǻ۲ġԣܶƿɳ֮ϵĽʱ̣μҵƼϸ죬ȥֽΧĻҳɰܼײѧƶɲִзɡ

Τʹĺνһ޴Ѿ˿ˡѧֻ֪һζһҸ徰ۣȫȻͽڲ٣ô־۱˼ãֻܱÿѧ;ñѾ;һѧߣ巢չûиоҲûЩĹף޿ָժǣѧһҪʶdzԽһĹض˼ʱǵⲢͼӴձҸIJףҲǷ񶮵ʲôСձҸdzΪʲôˡӹ׾IJΪҪĤݵļֵжϱ׼ƷļԾ⣬Ƿ⣨壩ʵϣЩԼʱʱеij־ѹֵּ׼ĶΪһ˵ԺͷԵĿѧѧǿԽҵı߽ġһ漰ֵжϣѧ͵ѧĵ彨ϵЩӹ׾ѧIJΪԼ׵ľԣʵϣҲ־ǿҵǡйľֻйߣһйѧʹõļֵ׼Ҳֻйı׼߱Ϊ֮վҵȨ档ѧһεĿѧѧεˡβij˻ij׼ִʱճΣ峤ԶȨ档

ҲʲôĶЩǰ̧ø߲ʡʵϣǡǡֻȨ֯Ҫھ徭ߵЩʵǷԼڶ̶ӦԤǷԼʱŹҵľɻЩľԻشҪǷȫľúεȨ档죬νѧķʽȡγǵĹУõϵȡ˷ɹϵʷȡʷʷѧҲǽǵĹսڴһǧΰͳнЩרơӡڷͥоһɸԽʱνѧɡͿʼˡӹ׾IJڽȡijֵ뷨򣬶ʵġ뷨򡰲ǰҸͰӽˡѧǶȱԾӣֵжϣеìܺʶڴʶɺĿ֮󣬲ȥѰɺķÿͼһԼġѧжʱҶ״ΡˣڹغͬϣڹغδϣЩûиоʶЩѧҪʶԼľޣ˵Ҫˡ

죬ܵľ޴ѳѹż˵ģμǺ͸DZѧ޴ʷκΣзֱԭҪ󣬲ִ塣ʹո߳У԰һҲ޷϶ܷ֮꿴ⳡսĽ統Τģһΰ岢ΪǧʷظͱòϣֻҪֶԼģԼеΰܣԶ᣻־쵼ʹԼ쵽Ͷѣ¹ξȲﵽĿ꣬¹پͻԶʧºׯء

κˣⳡսѡԼҪݵĽɫӦΪǶIJңũѡνũᷨ⣬ѵũǵġ𣿡ν󡰵Ŀ˵˾Ƕıѡ꣬ǸŷΪԼĹ˵Ĺ߹󡰵ʱѷŷǿãǽǵ̸У˲ΪġĿѴءһ桰ʱԭϣΪ֮ҲѷԴڡ塰ԭ֮СˣƽѡĻѡ壿Ȼġڸֻڡ塰УڹҵвܻԼʵƯ


йhttp://www.cc.org.cn/ 20020204