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et revelabitur quasi aqua iudicium et iustitia quasi torrens fortis

 

 

ƽࡶɵĻ꣬͡1994һ棩
ĻʲôɵĻ͡ԷʷоЧ

199810²ݸ壩

עĺ޸ķڡʷѧʮڣ1999꣩

ƽ׫д༭ȫҪϱһƪԼƪġΪĻصˡĻĻjurisculture롸ɵĻ͡ʣԴΪȫĹؼڱ߿Ȼָͬͬһ£ϣԽȥʹӡооΧҳ3ͼҪʾһоɡĻ뷨ʷġ롸ۡţΪ뷽۶Ե֡ĻĻǡɵĻ͡ڷѧоҲڷʷоĽԡɵĻ͡ڷʷо顣

֮⣬ƪ¹ȫ壬ƪΪģɵĻ͡桵Ļע1ƪΪϽܻ˺λŷѧҺйʷѧҵƷClifford_Geertz,Gunter_FrankenbergGray_DorseyWilliam_Alfordƪţע2ΪԲӦɵĻּ͡׫DZ˹۵㣬ȫּʵһԹ֮ϣйΪƳеķɸµоʽѧѧѧѧʷѧѧƵս⡢ıɷΪĻоһϷλáҳ3-4

ĻĻǡɵĻ͡ʣ϶DZǿһ뷽ۣ뷽۵ʵݣģҪáĻ͡ͷۣоŽڵġɡ󡣵ȻйءĻ͡ʵںܶ࣬ͬѧƵĶͲʤö٣ͨȫƪµĹɣԿ൱ԾѡԵȡøֲͬѧԴرѧڹѧȽϷѧʷѧԼڹѧ ѡڶɵġĻ͡򵥵˵ҪּһעطɵġܡָǷΪ׵ֶκͼ֮⣬Ҳͬʱǿɵġ塹ָǷΪĻֵţ༴úͷɹ̺ĸݺ塹߷ֹͻԷɹġ塹ڶҪоҪʱʡоӦڷԡеġʽڼΪĹ۲ߣҲ͹ۡۡڵһ͵ڶԭ򣬱ǿҪԡɺĻ֮䡹Զעأڵġӡ롸ӶϸԼоҰܡԽֹĺͻеķɹۡԡԸķɹۡҳ4-5

ҪּŨΪĸоȡءԷۡԼĵĶԪ塹׫ƪ£ƪ£ʵɹῴ߶ĸоȡķǿ

ȾƪΪGeertzּʾġڹѧinterpretive_anthropologyоеķ1980ǰѧȡ򡸷ѧlegal_anthropologyԼѧȡ򡸷ɵѧanthropology_of_lawоᷨƷ֮ע3Ҫһֲѧķѧѧҳ77ǿνġɡʵڱĻСʵfactsضʽһݡҳ94Geertzɷԡ֣ϣ˺ȺƾṹΪͨԵȡźͷϵͳãṹŵγɡͨ趨ҳ91ͨԷϵͳȺֺܽΪʵȻΪӦȻܽʵжϻDzþҳ95Իؽ̵haqqӡȵdharmaְ𣩡ǵadatֲͬΪ˲ͬԡʵϵŲͬĵ뷨ʶҳ9399109121ԼЩΪط֪ʶԳĸڽѧıʡˣνġɡʵһסط֪ʶGeertzԼνطԡlocalǣָֻռ䡢ʱ䡢׼Ȳ죬ҲָɫaccentGeertzԣɡʵǼҪν϶¼ʶһסʶʶɷ֣DZȽϷDzٵıҪ㡣ҪνбȽϷأGeertzȽϷԭ򣺲ӦѾIJԼΪĹͨԣӦòͬνָͬ󣻱ȽϷóκνۣӦڴ죨ҳ126-7ע4

GeertzIJͻԡϵͳȡɡҪԣҲչʾ˷֮ԣͬʱGeertzʾҲ˷ɱȽϱҪ뱾ˡṹϸоGeertzŷıȽϷѧ߸ԴԼĻʹáԡϱ֣ԼļԻҳ118Ӷ˷оѶȡ

ɱȽϵѶȣԼFrankenbergȫŷַɱȽϷõһķʡҳ190-1ͬʱFrankenbergԶ̥ΪطΪָ̥ʵ֡ΪDZϾһ⣬ֻгԽ˷ɵͷҰȫͳݵ⡹ҳ220FrankenbergţڸַɱȽϷռԤ跨ɾСʽͳһĸֹɵķչһձ͵·ˣ㲻ֻһֿɿʷ͡޴ڵġȷĺͿֽ͵󡹣оɵķչֻ̣ɵƶоΪļԷҪͬķɡڸֿܵķչ·ϣǷһ·ϡҳ221-2

ʲôǷɷչĶֿܵ·DorseyʵǸֲͬġĻ˲ͬɵķչ·ΪĻǽȺηһַƶȵĹؼͬĻовͬȺηƶȵġʵԡ˲ͬķɷչ·ԣʵԶǺһͷѧЧԵʵ߶ȡҳ247ͻ˷ɷչԪ

⣬ϱAlfordо͸йʷϹ淶ӡ鼮ð̱ȷɵķ߱Ƚʮߡʮŷ𽥷չйذȨרȡܲƲȨ֮Ҵ죨ҳ256йȻҲ𽥷չ鼮ͨķɣϴͳйΪ鼮滭ƷġΪҪַԼġȨԼƷʵǡ֤ʵˡԼƷͬʱҲԼƷܵأҳ268

AlfordĴԷʷоԷɷչԪԵҰԼд׫ġ桵롴Ļƪ¸йʷķڡɵĻ͡ͷۣѡ˹ŽһЩطϸܵķйŵġ̡ɡ塢ơУ项ִʣĵJusLex뷨еġȨ˽񷨡ʱЧ໤ִʣӶ˲⡣ȣϵйŴϣ?ʱJusش죬ͬʵӳ˱˴شĻ죬ǿǡ̺ͬͼֵȡIJͬҳ285

ǿйŴҪֹ˼̷DZֹ֤õִеֶΣ롸̷йŴԷӳķĻɫ˵˳̣֮ͣڹصȻԴйͭʱȴںΪйŴĸ֮һҳ296սʱҵ𣬸ǿ˷ɹԡ̷ΪĵĻشǷܲСʽԼķɽַĻӰ£ֻǹ̷ִʵĹߣ˵ڹŴйķʶУʵֻзĸΥʶΪ̵ġ̷ɫر𷢴ʧȥڡԣǿԲۡǹҹڽֻڵĵҪźǡ׳ȹļ룬ʹ̷½໥ϣټģˡɡйŴĻеĶ򣬲ԵµȽˣϿйŴĻݱʵʣʵǡ̽ϡǡ뷨ҳ300-1ΪֻС̡롸򣬸ûСɡĽ

ij½ۣǽνķȻ˲ͬڹŴֺ塣ʹʱ̷ƺ̷һشȻͨ˵DZʶͳʷԵı֣ͬʱȴҲӳʵijЩ桹1949깲й֮󣬡һЩĿе"=ר"ʽж˼ۡжǴͳִ̬ҳ304

˷ʡ屳Ļ֮⣬ڡĻһҲر˴ͳйĻȱȨйʷչҴӰ졣Ͻּ£ִҲһȫȨᣬһ᲻ʷʵشڹҲĻϵĺݡǿԵĺгǿˡȻ֮Ǣ޼䡣ǣϳ˾ԵĻ£౻ΪDZҪа񡹣ҳ311Ͽ⼴ǴͳйķĻַĻӰ£ڷСҲ·Ҳ"˽"""ĸҳ311

ϱһƪġɵĻ͡ʵ˵ȫʹáĻΪͷ۵ܸ١νᳫġɵĻ͡ʵʷоϣԼƪʾ⣬ĹԽժԼγ˵һͨԹҡȨһĻǿܿԷһʷĻϤаص·ע5ҡȨԱĸ֮ҪΪͷϵĻеĺλãͬʱҲĻ֮ΪĻ롹ӺͶλסͷϵǡԵײеġ롹չַʽҲǻҪ;͡оȻӦҪڡ½ʷȻڹŴȫḻȥ˽⡸壬⼴һ֡ѧϵѭɴѭDzܴﵽ⣨ҳ26-27

ۺ׫ƪģɵһֽɵĻ͡Ϊһ뷽۵ĿԣӦǺܳɹġرDZ½1986񡸷ĻķʷоƷע6ѧϽȺʹԶԣǸ̳ ҽйءɵĻᷨ͡Ӧйʷо棬ȣܳϲضԷĻɡͷϵԷᷨӵһҪǣйʷоϣѾٳġҡȨ֮⣬ЩڴͳйĻеġͷϵҲռؼλƺδμѡЩԷӳĻйؼͷϵϸ˵ӦǴйʷоԼ˼Ҫ⡣

ڶӦáɵĻ͡йʷоϵļƪģƺͻ˷ĻбȽϡơ򣬺˷ǨԷĻijӰ졣ȷԾĻۣĻͱǨʵҳ61ȫ׫ѡйʷоȴ޷˷ԼļˡĻͱǨսƪʷƷΪɡ̷ǡ״ͳйɡĹǶԡгϡۣʵŶԷɷչйӡǨйŴйݱɵ⣬½ѧ߶нϸ֤ע7Ȼ϶ָ¹ŴйСĶȱ׼գЩҲָּϡ桵һġΪйŴ̡ɡָƵݼйʷʵеȫ󣬰ԭӦԷḻķĿڶָݵĿ졹ע8˵ȴֵӡ

ͬʱ϶ԡϡڹŴйĻеҪԣԵ͹Ԫط־ʼǡļϡϡʷ壨ע9ڳڽϵжԡʦ롸Ϲֵ˼룬Լʦرȡרҵϼij֣ע10ӳ˵ʱǨϡˡɼռӰ졣ͬʱȻͳйһֱûг֡Ȩ̱ȨȷԣĩԽɵһЩð޲ƼǡͲֺšơϰע11ȴҲδ֡ܲƲȨDzߡ·۶ϣɼ򵥽䷢ķɱǨ

չĻͷɵ֤УҲע⵽ĻȽʵСͨ⡹롸ĻĶԡͬ棨ҳ336ע12ҲϣĻֻ͡ǹ۲෽еһ֡ȻĻ͡϶ҪͲȡһ֡ͬʱҲ壺Ļѧ֮䲢ַǴ˼˵ĽźͶҳ61׼ˣϹȻġĻ͡ʱܷСͨ⡹Ŀ⣻ȻԡʷоΪ㣬Ҫ󡹶ֻҪĻôҪֲϷйءͨ⡹͡ĻĶԡͬԱʷϷоȴDzܻرܵĿ⡣ϵġɵĻ͡ΪչʾһͨСĻԡͷۣǣμǿԷСͨ⡹ķʷоܻҪͷѰ֧֣硸ɵľý͡һḻѧԴע13չʷоҰһѡ

עͣ

ע1._ɵĻ͡ԭйѧۣ41993桵ԭйѧ1986,4ĻժϡѰȻеĺгйͳĻоϺϺ磬1991ھ¡

ע2._Geertz,_Clifford._1983._"Local_Knowledge:_Fact_and_Law_in_Comparative_Perspective."_In_Geertz,_Local_Knowledge:_Further_Essays_in_Interpretive_Anthropology,_New_York:_Basic_Books,_Inc.,_Publishers,_pp.167-234._Frankenberg,_Gunter._1985._"Critical_Comparisons:_Re-thinking_Comparative_Law."_Harvard_International_Law_Journal_26,_2:_411-455._Dorsey,_Gray._1990._"Towards_World_Perspectives_of_Philosophy_of_Law_and_Social_Philosophy."_In_Sava_A._Vojcanin_ed._Law,_Culture,_and_Values:_Essays_in_Honor_of_Gray_L._Dorsey._New_Brunswick_and_London:_Transaction_Publishers,_pp.5-27._Alford,_William._1995._To_Steal_a_Book_Is_an_Elegant_Offense:_Intellectual_Property_Law_in_Chinese_Civilization._Stanford,_California:_Stanford_University_Press.

ע3._йشоص죬еļҪ⣬ɼֶϸۣѧ页š뷨Ļѧ۵̨̽߷У1994ҳ47-75

ע4._GeertzɿһλգҪĻԶֹڵط֪ʶҪһֽĸֱʽת˴˵עķ༴Ա˴˵ųͶԷĶ̴ķҳ148

ע5._ԷԷĻҪԣЩݿ˷ݾͬʱҲǻ᡹ͬԵײʵԴǶԵʶս⡹ҳ25-26

ע6._½ѧһЩƷɲοһݼ򵥵ġĻоĿ¼롸йѧ뷨Ļо᡹࣬ѧ뷨ĻϺѧ磬1992ҳ407-414עáйѧ뷨Ļо᡹ڴ½ġйʷѧ᡹Ŀ¼Ҫ19861992½ѧıΪйءĻ

ע7._أ1989йŴɼɹƽͬ־ȶйѧ1989,_53-14

ע8._أģҳ4-5

ע9._֣1995סϡĻо֮һϲѧѧѧ棩26ҳ74-83¡Σ1985?????ϡ?ط١ʷ164-21С̫1988ط?о¼?ͨ????µķ?ࡵй?Ļ335-49

ע10._dz1989δʦ༭ίԱ࣬ӽʿټʷоۼͬᣬҳ113-1191993ʱ?ʦ?ƶȡ÷ԭ࣬й??ᡷѧĿѧоҳ437-4831996ʦر?硵СҰӱ࣬ĩ??ĻѧĿѧоҳ189-238

ע11._ɼ±ǵʱðƼǰϾ˳ʮ꡴ΪðŸʾ¡Ԫ꣨1736ɽΪտðֺƸʾϺݱ࣬ϺѡϺ磬1981꣩ҳ84-88

ע12._ͬطԺͲƲϵйصķۣͬɣɱȽʵСһԹ򡹺͡Ļɫʡ棨ҳ323

ע13._йشѧ˼ԴۺͳɹĽܣƽǣPosner,_Richard_A._1998._Economic_Analysis_of_Law,_fifth_ed.,_New_York:_A_Division_of_Aspen_Publishers,_Inc.ѳΪɵľ÷ѧŵľ̿飬1973Ƴ޵°汾Ŀǰ뱾ݣֱΪԥ1977ڶ桶֮÷̨̨̨ӡݣ1987Լ½½1992İ桶ɵľ÷йٿȫ磬1997⣬ȽϷõ뱾УRobert_Cooter,_Thomas_Ulenţž룬;ѧϺ?Ϻ磬1994һЩŵĽɼ1996Ʋľ÷˹һϵо̸𡵣µѧ156-15ޣ1996ȨΪľýṹµѧ1515-23֣ˣ1996Ȩľ÷µѧ1524-31Hackney,_James_R._Jr._1997._"On_the_Intellectual_History_of_Law_and_Economics,"_Law_and_History_Review_15,_2:_.