ΩԸƽˮʹ罭ϣ
et revelabitur quasi aqua iudicium et iustitia quasi torrens fortis

 

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ڹŴϣķɣһеļ⣬νǰзɶ޷ɵļзɵļûѧֱı⣺a Law Without a LegalTechniquea Legal Proffes-sion Without a Philosophy.(Stig StrmholmA ShortHistory of Legal Thinking inthe WestNorstedts.һŰ)һĻɵ˵Ҳʵģֻмּ򵥻֪ȻĹԴϣѧνȻԭֻһϣѧǻ֪ڴһԷɵʱȻĴȻ˼պԵ÷ŷޣҲĿеȨֱӹϵġ


ŵʱڵѧҶϲѧĸװǵƷȻⲢζͬʱҲѧҡһ棬ȻӰ죬ҲֻɷеijЩ͸ģĻʷһΰֲн˵ںϣǾ˵ģҲʮֿϲġֻʹһ϶˵ȴѡʮ͹ȥˣҪͨ꾡ռȥ˽⵱ʱһУѾܣΨһҪѡڵգǾͿȫ˽ǸʱͷɵķչԣȻ˼ĴӰ죬ҲĻʷӡ޵¼֮һÿۼ֮ܶǣȻÿһֹĽܣԵһ֣޷ܿ⡣ҲΪʲôDz±ָΪ̸Ҫ̸Ȼɡ


Ȼѧ˵Դϣѧ˹ɡһѧּʷϵȥһѧʷ̿нԲֻۡ˵йص⡣һ޵¼



ķȻһµȷԣҲ㣬޷ΪԪԺԵʶɶнѳ֮ȥѰĽ˵͡һַɣŵһ֣һ֣һ֣еֻһ㲻ķɣеκʱЧġ(DeRepublicaxxii33תA.P.DntrievesNaturalLaw.N.Y.һ)



ιȻ˼ľֿעءһ棬ȻȻһµԣ㷨ɵ෨ɵĵ»һ棬ǿڸճĸͬķ֮֮ϣһձҲķɡص㣬ʾ˹ѧijرʣΪʣպϣѧɵĽϷ˿ܡ


ʶԣ˹ѧϣϣIJһ㣬ֻҪһһѧijͿסһЩѧߣԸѹԪǰʿµȥһʱսᣬϵѧɽΰҵһʱĿʼΪʿµʱڽ̡ѧѧȫƶȣΧųǰġɽʱ棬ǰҵʧһԵ۹Զ֮СʱǣʧȥɳǰṩֱȻҪԵ硣һ־Ŀһʡij嶯Ͷµʶ˹ѧҵͷ棬˼ĶdzǰһˣǸһԵԵˡ˲ֻŵ֮䣬ͬһͬһַɣǾ֧ԣפȻǻҪһ䣬ֹȻ֮ķɣʵԵȻ޹ʱ̸ัνȻ˵ԵĺģĸҪϣڵѧ˵ȻѧȥѰҡ


ȣϣ˰ȻָΪijֻԪصϡȻ򵥺Զ壬ǴΪһԭֵĽǶ档˺󣬺ϣѧɻصϣΰ֪ʶӵʱʧĵ·ϣڡȻĸУϼһ硣ǰʵķΧչʹε棬Ұ˼롢ϣǰһȻĵ󣬶ЩΪԷֽΪijһĺͼ򵥵Ĺɵ󡣡һ÷򡶹Ŵɫɫͷ֮Ѱȷijֵһĺ㲻ԭ⼴ϣ˵˼·򡣺սѧѧһ·߳ɳڿ˹￴Ȼһ־ȫš;ԭ


˹ѧڹԪǰʹ֪ܿʶײ洫ijɹһҵ˵ΪȻĺкͶԵеǿ뵱ʱͳνײīعŴϰߵϡ˹ѧֵҵĸҲΪʵ壬ڽһԭ


˽ܵϣѧ˼ɫʼʾʣµֻѧҲм۵ĵ˵̡Ȼѧ޹ؽҪת䣬ѧһѧǿشʵ壬ѧҸǵһȵʵߡ翪ʼоѧˣ˹ѧǿӰ졣һѧڷʷϾҪ壬Ϊһ顣


ʿᡶѧݡȻ񷨺񷨵ĺ˵£ȻȻ̸һжķɡ񷨵ڣκڷɺϰߵ嶼Լеķɣȫ๲ͬķɡÿһרΪƶķɣеģ񷨣ùеķڳȻԶΪȫƶķܵأ񷨣Ϊһ嶼̩롶ѧۡǿɴ˵óӡΪЩһϵԭȻڻ߸ֻغƶȣˣԵָһʼ׷ijĽʵϣ￴ģֻ˼ijѧȻѧ˵֮ʱβˡ


񷨡˵ƶȣЩϵķʽڽ̵ʽ̵ųκ˵IJ롣ȻԪǰͣѾൽij̶ȣdzҵĿǻΪΰƣԷֶ˵ȨϵС²й١֮衣⼴ǡ񷨡


񷨡ϵʱͨеϰߣ˵಻ͬƶйͬҪءָ˵ƶȣ˵̬Ⱦϣִ۲ߵĽۣ;ʷʵ㣡÷Ȼȷִָغģǵʱ˲ϲûصġĵĶǡִۼΪмߣԼеׯʽʴʽڣ񷨡IJΪһķɣΪDzԸԼġ񷨡ˡ֮񷨡ǵIJˡΪ񷨡Ǵ˵ƶΪ˵ƶġġŴ£Ǻ˶Դ񷨡̬ȷת䣬Ȼѧ˵֪ʶײ㡢Ƿѧҽײеһ


߳ȻԭѪԭȡԭǿԼеͼţ߸ŮλūȵȡȻϣѧ֮ӰѧҪЩԼԭ͹棬Ȼѧ˵ǵһ̵ּá÷˵ϽڷɸĽ棬ܵȻ۵Ĵ̼ʱͷ˾ѸٵĽ͸Ĺdz͡Ȼϵŵģ˵ȳƺͨ׶ͱΪһõķƶȵص㣬ȥڸԡʽͲҪѵĺУȫŴ£ȳһϣȻѧУΪ˹ѧм̵ĶڸһΪʽͳķƶȣʹ֮ձ黯ʱûʲôҪˡ⣬ǻӦָһ㣬ǾȻΪļṩһֺϷݣǽһµĵ¾ע뵽ѧ֮УӶΪȫƶȣµ춨˵»ڿʼĺܳһʱ棬Ȼʵʱͬڡ񷨡йٵ񣬼ڵʱķƶȥͬҪأͨʾʽŬػָһҵȥĸķɡ񷨡˶һȫµ塣ʱ˼ϵĸˡ


̸Ȼʱ˵ȻĸʹǶԷϰ߽мʶУرڶȰŬ˹ѡȻ롰񷨡ϸֿԺܻζһֶԷɸΪСѧ˵ʷھšʮ£˵ҪһֱȽϱص⡣ȻɡƽȣūƶȻձ飬Ȼֻǡ񷨡ϵƶȡ˼ȷʵΰ󡣵ֻӽȥDZشɡ÷ԡһƽȡΪΪʷʾ˵ʱķѧšÿȻƽȵġֻ˵һϸķɹζڼġȻ֮£зӽڡȻ޶ڣ񷨡ֵ֧ĸ׼֮ڷϲڡƽȡƣȻǶڿ͹ʵ֡ӦȻİʾѧȷʵѡȻһķɷͣDzһȡеƶȡȻȻִ淨ɵĻȻְܣDzԵĶǸԵĻ״̬ġŴ£⼴ǹŴġȻνŵȻ֮ͬѧȽʵߣȴǼĸҡһ㣬Ҫμġ


ԹԪǰʼһּ̺شıǨɱ仯ԭǸӵĺͶ෽ġᵽ˼Ҳdz˵ġԡģȴDzġһע⡣Ҿ˹˹ѧʵʷ֧һ֧ͨӰڶ෨ɼҵʵ뵽ƶ棬һ֧һЩѧޡʵ۰ȴ֮УһֶӰDzܹϵ顣˼¼ܹ׵עǼˣܿܿǴھỷ֧֮䡣ֵƶзſʵ֣廯Ϊ²ܹ֧ڵϣѧõֻںѧϣҲھƶ档ʷȻķһѧֻDzҪǣѾǾ˵ġѧڸᵽѧҵġѧʱȫһֲм顣Щϸġҵѧҡˡѧһʷ޿ɵȨԣǰȻڵԭԶŷ޷㷺ӰĸݡͳΪŷĻʷΰľ֮һû˹ѧĴòͻһӣͬȷǣûоѧ˹ƾںȻִ˵Ҳһǽӡ


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