ΩԸƽˮʹ罭ϣ
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ݣԭԭڽʱԴ


ܾӢʷ(R.H. Tawney) ӦôĬĬ
رûǵijʷ1928 ӡݾͷ
ġҵIJ1930 ݹҲġ
֮ߡỹһй͹ʵ֤о
ũأ͢Դ˾ͱƳ磬ƺһֱû뱾
ԺĹȫйҰʧˡ峣о

йʱƼJ.L. Buck
ɷ򣩵ĵ鹤Ҳûǵᣬ˵"˹ũҵһ֪Ҳ⺺"
йˡ

ѧ繫Ҫǡڽʱ𡷡1926 ꣬
ǶΤ½ʱ徫񡷵һҪ벹䡣һܵѧӣ
֪ѧ(Frank Knight) ȶ׷Ϊ֮׫дֱԳ˥֮ɶԻ
ϵľ桶ִɣءݳʱ塷
Τġ½ʱ徫񡷸ж뱾ֱⱾ֣
ѧпܱȽȫذ�"ʱ"Ļ˼·

Τ⣬ճʥı˰ڽ̾еԭ׵Ļ˵
ʱж֮ĹӶĽ̵ʱѿţʱ໥ص
߼ǷҲбȻĹأھʷѧΤϵӹɵġ

ⱾǡΤĽ·ǿҵĽţ˼ķʽԻʵж
ڽšΤ½˵׬Ǯһζܡֻ־
ֵIJǵ͵ʱ徫񡣶Ͷһ־ԵĿģһְ½ͽ
˾Ӧ÷"ְ"һµְҵʲôԴκ
εؽ½֧䣬ŵҵҾΤͬʱڵľ
ѧЪ뱲ܱؿҵҾҪǴµľɭ˹ڡ
жĽṹרŶԾЪΤۡʶ½ͽ᲻״
ǾȷҸ߶ȷչƷԼۻԶҪǾж
ЩгɳģȾϸָΪ


չĻգڽ̽ṩнƵ̬棬
쳣㣬ԴԼĹͬԴϵ۴ıĿһ㡣

ȫΤڽȫϵķʵϣַ˼
·Vs.Τ֮ĽҲ֮棬λʶ
ʱǿҵĸɫʣӽ̻̻֯Եײʱõ
չΤһһʷķۣѭκμ򵥽
˵ʱ徫ʷһԶʱ˵Ľ
ǣijЩȷʵԷһֲ䣬ҼǿѾľ

ֶΣֵȫһڽʷҡһдѧڶ
½·ºͼӶĵڽ̸ĸң̸Ӣ̻᣻̸˶¾ǽ
ۡȫԵ÷dzҲûоѧƫõǿ֤ݡֻϸܷÿһ
ζŵײIJΪ˹עʱģʽ̸Ϊһֳľѧ
ңԼװڽʷңַһģһʵ֪
˼ݱḶ́ôֻΪؿ˼ҪԲڲ
۸Ϣۣῴһл壬Ǿû

͵лɽ̻ñȻʱĽģʽЩѧ
Ϊлıִѧӽִҵִҵ19 ĩIJ
˼ûȫ̬Ҳ֪δʱейɡ
ʵлд͸šƽʡ͡ƽۡ˼άģʽʿº
˼뾭ϣ̸ϵIJ̰ܵͷʹһȨ
뾭ʵĽ̻ᡣ̻ᷴȰ˷Ƹȴʾ̰
Ŀ̨ɱ⡣

·ºͼӶ˳ƶһٵ߸˽̻İȨǶʱ̬Ⱦȴͳ
̻ѺãDzһתĿֶΡڽ̵Ŀľ
ȸˣӦҫϵۣϵǰûн̻ݣҲͬûʱ塣
·ºͼӶĶôΪġʷ˹ƤΪ˼ӶĶϢʱ
̬һת۵㡣·ԭϲϢڣֻ¿ȡ
ϢӶϢһЩ⡣Ľˣ
ʿµȨҲ


ȻΤҲ󡣲һƺʹüӶйɨأ
Ǵдġ˵Ȩı£Ӷ߽̻ʡϵ۵
ȡߵȨضԸڽȨľٶټһ߳DZ
ǡӶӰ֮Ƹ嶯Ҫ󣬼ǿȨĿƣʹÿ
˳Ϊ͵ĺˣΪ־õشˣһԱ֮Ϊʽ롢
覵в׼͵һԱǸάأҪ֧
άصˡ

ǣкܶ˵Ŀȫ෴ͬһԭе˿ڽ̱
е˿ȴǡȶۡḧƽáӶĬ˽Ĭȴݳޣ
ƣ֡½Ƿֱνʱ徫񡱣ҪDzȡһ
dzӵ̬ȣȻһжԹϵϡ

оӶĵרұվǣӦҪּӶ˼ͼӶ׷ߵ˼롣
ܵ˵ӶĽ̻ǸҺ;ûǰδеλ˼
ײϰ꣬˲̶﷢ʱ䣬óҵϢۡⱾСͻȻ
Ϊ徭۵̱˵͢ȷʵó
еκγɾ͡ǣȻоóҲܷ١ݴˣ̶¾ͱ
ΪǡΤ⡱ĵһߣܵʱûΤżӶĺͲ̶µ·
ߣӢҲ˳µˡӡ˹ܣᡣ ӢһһһؽĹң¹ȫͬʱӼз
ﳤӢڽ̸ĸʱڣ÷˴⡣ģȦأͨͣӪ˽ף
¢ϣЩֱָ̻ĸҲʼս̻ᷨգ̻Ȩܵ
Ҳƽǿʼö֮ҪϢʲ׼͹ĵ·Ѿƽ
ϣΪõļ̳ߡġ17 Ӣı仯иֱ˵
Ĺ۵㣬½̽ûʲôԶʱ塣ҪԲ˵ƻ
˸ӲƶȺ̽己ȽɵϰǾѧҶԭ
IJͬɡ

ڿԴаάʱҵ۵
ǷdzЦģڶ̶̰֮ڣûôЦˡȻѧ
͵͵ڽ˼;ʵʵѾʮˡ
ӶĽûȫסӢϵЭշ˶Դ


ΪĿԼֻܰԼҫھ͵ϡ·¶ི壬
ӶĶི壬ȻʱԵüȲҲ˼ǿһ㡣
ѧ粼޴簺ͼһذʱпܺΤ
ᡣܶѧͬӶĽٸӢ˹ɵ˼Ŀռ䣬
ĽDZڵع涨ӢĻ˼롢ͥ׼͸ΪϸڡӶĽ
ڵͬʱԼ塢׼徫ͶϿɣȻ
Ӣ˼вƲݵĻҪء

ô˵ڽʱԷչһʰĸ
ֲ˼ڡԡ˵ʲ׼Ѿȡͳεĵطһз
ġڷĺ԰ʫĹϵƻˡʵĿӦЩһз
ġڷĺ԰ʫĹϵƻ˵ĵطʱԼ˳

ǵ.˹ܱΪѧĿɽ棬ҪԵѧҵݴġ
ԼǾѧңΪ϶û׿̸⡣ܱijס
һֱͼ֣ѧԭͼֻдͼʼѧź͸
һֻиʱ;ѧı ˹͸ɴ˵ִʱǷڽ̵ġóǰͬ仰
ġȻԴͷϿʱڽʧܵĵطġڽѭԭʱ
ѭ˵ԭܴ֮Э

᱾ǸȳˣһֱǷѱĺijԱʵϼѱ޲
ᱧһŻȵġ˵ǡ˼áʷ
ıʴô侲ƽʵ˿ûΤֿȡҲӢ˵ص㡣
ԼļӶĴͳԭԭ֮ijͻԶûô׵ͣʱʱ
ġͬойũ侲ӢʱԴᣬֻ
ͬһᡣ

ڽʱ𡷣[Ӣ]ɪƽ룬Ϻij磬2006 3