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лά˹ڲľʽݷҸеdzˡ˹ڽĽжɵʷʵԵĿ죬ʹǶڻȨԼطƶȵķչ̼䲻ͬ˸ʶұݵĹջͬʱҲһЩ⣬뿭˹ڽۣͬʱҲͽĸλڡ ̸ӡ

һ˹Ԯʷʵ֤ɱΪ֮ѡȺ˳䶨λڱֵǣԭҲѧͷѧͨ˵ӦоСۼʵϣɵƶԱϲһݣ෴ʼմڲϷչƵĶ̬֮СˣܷڱϻȨɷķչһḶֹ́Ҳ⡣ǻжϣ˹ѾȡõijɾͣӦýһɵĹȺȡ룬ΪһзѧĽ˹ڿ϶˸ɶзѧԼش壬ɱҪһɻҪͬʱҲΪ˹ڵdz͵һǿɵеĽȫķ˼ԺоҲ¶ɷĻţ޽ٵ̹ϺǷdz۵ġ

ڶҲ˻ΪйɵIJеζģٲ̫кйʵҪҵͬ˵ƲȥʷѧԼܷѧʾ̸˹ڵĽݵȷпʹǶйһʵɵܷԭġչȥӣܷһʼɡʱ峯æŴڡ粻ʶ֣ҷ顱ʫм䶼ֹܷ̰֤ݡֱй۶ʵ־ԩôȽɷIJͳ̫꣬˾ɥˡǣտ˹ڵ˵ͨӣ굽ĻرǣĹȨ˶ͷԽս˶ȷģǴҶٸеDDЩѿܻңԭȨչֵ̳һЩֻǡʮЦٲѣһЩܻῴϣDDйͷԺҲϻ򣴣ҵʱΪҹܷѾ涨ṩֵƶԱϣôйķѧҲлȥһйȥˣֶΪ

⿭˹ڽݵĹؼڣȷڣȷ֮Ĺϵǰ߿ԱΪĸȨһֲƵɣ߿ԱΪȨһƽȲĻɡˣԣڼĻΪʵɵı־һּ򵥻Ƭ⣬DzΪǰɶƭ˵ĴʿջɵĹںϵı仯ȨչIJͬ׶Ρֻܸ׼ȷɵIJͬƶȰŵıʡ˹ҪǴӸ빫public discourse֮ϵĽǶɵıʵģ漰Ľ綨ܷ뿭˹ڴܷ룱ɵĺиϸķ˵أ⣬ǿɵеļ͹˵ķչйڿܻ𣱣еġšֱۡʽɣԼ˹˵񹫹civic public sphereͬȺڹplebeian public sphereĻռУ׳һߵΣһֹ۵֮Եáս޲ʤֻΪʵϰᷴķԻᣬΪһǿԵġսʤ̬ơΪ˷ֹIJ˹ˡĶԻ״̬ƶơֽ׶εзѧԻƽȵĹϵԼƶ԰ŵģһ㣬˹ĽȻɲꡣ

ӡپͿ˹ڽݵľҲһЩֱۡھáԼͨɱ֮໥ϵȷ淢һ ̸뾭÷չǸλĵ⡣һ棬˹ҪɿռķݡᰲͶʻ֮ìԼҵɵ˳⣬ʵȨȨ֮ĹϵȨʥַɶȨڱһµġһϣ֮Ҳᷢͻͻʱô죿

ķɼͼȨԵԭй⣬ Davis v. Massachusetts (1897) һУķ˹ͨ˽صΪκڹ˵뾭Ĺ涨Խб滤߶ǷֹӰᰲƻͶʻǣĽȴ˶ɿռѹʹľ֮޷ʵľ⡣ ֱ֮ſʼ仯ڹɵõ϶ҹĸҲ󣬲еĹ㳡͹԰Ҳ乫˾IJҵԼ˽ӪĹġ֮ԳһýãԵɿʼ͸˽вƲڲʵϰ߶Թ۳ĿȨ⣬Уȷɸҵɵԭ йڶԣɷչһʷҪ廹ڿ԰⣬Dzǵȵ÷֮ɲʽԺճ̣÷չܲܳΪԼθĸɣȨȨͻijϣӦڲƸۣdzΪ˼ĺԣΪʲôһ߼෴ƫƫҪڵһսڶս֮ʾӶȵ״ƶɣս֮󣬻ʱȷǷ仯ΪʲôԽս˶ΪɷչƶȻսɵĹϵӦգϣ˹ڴܶͬȨֵͬĿ֮໥Ļ׼һЩ˵

ΣҪڶ棬ǶɽԼƵƵ⡣Ϊ˹ڵҪľηֹͶƱʵ⡣Ҳ˵ڵƫòܳΪijȨĸݣɾ޴̸𡣼ʹȫԱϲĵɵ̨ݳҲͨһԽֹʽй˶ڣ¼֮Ϊ˷ֲֹ߼ˣ˹̻ԾԾʵСͶƱԹҰȫΪԼȨ֪˹һкθ߼ ⣬˹̸ܱ벻ܱʱָﲻʵԼֵжϱ׼ľֻȡжϡǣûȷȨͺ߶ȣ᲻Աȹϵһе̬أεĽǶɵȻdz֮оݵģɼѵӦøһͨƶ԰ֹȨ⻯˵ָڲһοܷͻǰµɣô˵κιҶᷢƻɵ⣬ʾηֵֹԻɵӰ죿 йصĹͨɱ⡣翭˹ָͨɱֻи˲ɣƲĹģпܾɵij̶ȡһ棬ְܳճʱ߼ɽյƵɲ漰ڹ֮ԣҲ漰ڲȨƵ⡣⣬ڹͨɱIJȨҲпͨѡȾֶƴڴýĵ֤гɾԡ͹ͨɱͳΪƶƵҪ⡣

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