ΩԸƽˮʹ罭ϣ
et revelabitur quasi aqua iudicium et iustitia quasi torrens fortis

 

ʮһ͡º ʮ

顶İĶԡ

ţƿ룺İĶԣʱ塷̨ҵ˾2001

һԣΪִҵǽԼĻϡԼ۱ʾÿǶĸ壬ƽȵĵλ˹ͬƶȺĹ淶һͬʵؽ׹淶ȨϵձЧȨ֮Ȩ߼ھϣʵ֮УڷȨƺƶȣ߱ɷָ֮СȨ޵ģ÷Χձġ͸Ȩ뷨εƶȣÿһȨԼۻ壬ijЩۼڼġȫ񡹣ǶձԵĸڡձ项ЧȨ£ձ项ƽȵĹáձ项涨ġձ项ȨǣִҸԡձԡΪԤ׷Ŀֻ꣬ôòأ ԡ硹diversityǡձ项ΪԤ֣֮̽ǡİĶԣʱ塷һ⡣James
TullyǼô˻ѧѧڣΪһ̸ִȲձһԣ޷ĻԵʵֲ󡣾ԣҪĻԵ˶ûĿǰеõӦеӡ֡Ļ֮Ρһ˶Ļ⺭Ŀƣŷ˼óЭ飩ھƵλȺģʿγɵĶԪĻ壩Ů˶صԭס弰˶Щ˶УѰĻȡijǹͨɫΪֻеĻԶõϣұЭУһιͬųƵϷϹƽ壬Ϊ塣

׼ִıȫϸġִָ崫ͳԼΪշҵSamuel
Pufendorf˹Thomas HobbesˣJohn
Locke˶Thomas Paine£Immanuel
KantֶJohn Stuart
MillȡЩ˼ƽȵĸΪ۳㣬ִԹɵһ̺ƸȨƶܷͬڹȥͳݵϰףһֱʾչijɾ͡ҪIJǣܷ˸ʽĵطԼɲȨִܷһ뻮һηƶȣձԵȨʩй֮ϡڶԣִ˶ԪIJȨԣҵ̬ƽȵĹϵ֮СȻͬҪģִҲȻơ򵥵ؽִһһԵĵ۹һΪձЧԽʷƵļܹ𲽴ŷȫšûȥʡݷĻ죬ֻԽı׼ı䡢ټеIJͬ淶

ڹȥٶʷѰһԵĵ۹Ųк˷ŷ޵ĹҲɱȫ弰ԭסĻϡԶĵıԭסΪŷ˾˷ָĽڣԭסȨĻУƩ硸ӡذ˵IJƲֻԲȡãԵءŷ뱱ԭסսȻ״̬µսǰ߿ӺΪ׶бްɱŷ˴ٽʹԭסøáӡذ˵ֻǾ½죬߱ŷ޾ӵеȨӦƵļŷҲѹֳصĶ˶ŮIJȨԼȺҪĻϡ׷ףⶼִɵĺԵĹ֮⣬壨ȫͬһĻͳԼȺ壨Ⱥйƣȡ

ִԣᳫһ־ûġܷͳܷͳҲͨͳָŷʷбȽϿͳӢܷԸԼ񹲺壩Ҳԭеܴͳ籱ԭסϰףصڽִܷIJͬĻ죬Ըԡϸ̬вִͬԤ裨׷һԵĻܷΪĻǷ硢صġĻԴκ֮УҲǶֻԾĻijԱ˿ԽĻճĻͬάظ˹̹Ludwig
Wittgensteinġԡһ㣬ĻݷһԹмйϵŪмҲʽĽֵ㳡˾ϢĻ֮УҪѧϰԽ¾ɡ߸ƾų׸Ŀ־ֱشݻٲԶصķ

ڶܷͨ壩ij棨conventions໥ϡԼͬ⡣ԶִԼʽ֮ǰŴ֪ȺȺ֮ĻӦ˴ءҲÿĻͳЧԣжϵķʽЭԼʷͳң漰Ĺ涨ӦȻõ˵ͬ⡣ͬڲԤ蹲ʶȻɵչЭ̣˫ܵع֣ͨصȷӢҴ뱱ԭסĶ̸ʷ¼Ϊ˵ʱŷԭ棬ԭסΪĹҡ˴˳ϸӵȨǺŷ˻Լƾչֳū۵Ĺ̡䳤ЧǽҴڵIJͳΡ ĻΪİĶԡstrange
multi-plicityһγǧ֮ǰҲӦǧ֮󡣲ĻҪϣνϣָԶԷĴʻ봫ͳȥʶԷ϶ԷΪĴʽ϶ԷΪǶԻʵڡȥ۹ʱͳһԵִѹ˲ͬĻķǴһսΪȵǽ롸۹ʱ֮ÿĻӦáԼϰ׷ԲϡԭסȺŮԣǶṹл뱣ϣΨһܹṩֱϵģֻйܷµ塣 ԤŽ⵽ɣһĻгͻֵַĸԣݷ֮ͳΣģʵпܵ塣ЩɣһһӦȣΪ׷ͳһԸǸ鹹ʵĸִҼٽ֮Ѿµĺƽ٣ûɼΨҶġԵĽΣӦ˽⡸һзչĻǸıҪһĻͬģֻҪʶȵѡĻͬķּʣ롸ɡͬʱΪһĻֵƶȶĻԵıϲΪĻΪ໥ϡĻͬ棬壬Ҳڸˡֹܷı£ɵͳȻöɸԭΪĻһԱȽڹͳһǺǿӪһͳһѹķȨҶһѹ£ɲͳξǵ¹ҷѽ塣Ӣ֮ڱӡ֮ڶ룬֤ İĶԡƵԪĻľԭס˵Ҳ˶ݵķ۷֤ǣҲ⣬Ӱ֮Чһһͷͼͨע⵽Ļ֮󡣵ǷҪ̸۵ԭסĻܹеʵ⣬ֻطᵽӦõŮ弰Ⱥ⡣˶Լ⣬ͨã鸶֮硣ŷ˼óЭ飬ԶĻܺǡΪķЩǷͬһͣ¼ʼǡΣ߽໥ϵȻֵÿ϶ĴʡڲǷܵ²ɲͳ̬ϣߵĴ𸴾ȻǣԭסļҸʽݼӢͳֳɣЩֳԱݻԭסԭͳʽֻҪԭסзӴ£ǾͿƷԸȨݼӢͳΡDzܷЩʷϴһ˵ΪΪԭסʽȻͨľ񣬶ȻɷչƶȣʵûиݡҾ۶ԣԪĻǷҪʽҪԣҲһֵ÷˼£һĻͳηʽʵϲƺӦ֮Ϊơֻһܷ϶IJִ׷֮䣬ܾijֳͻˡ ʮʵɶֵעcivic humanism ӦΪ塹ǡ塹ҳ48250
million AboriginalpeopleǶǧԭסǡʮڡҳ3塹ʱõ̫࣬ռˡܷ˵ֱ룬conventionˡ桹֮⣬ʱΪϰסȽͨ˳лʵһ仰ѡҪлɡİĶԡڶѡɡлЩضĺ֧Эһض˴󲻽ķ룡