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ԭء顷200710




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      ڸӢʱ۵ƣиָĸ׼ѳ֮ΪʴȶơγˡĹ̬ӢG. B. Endecott֮Ϊѯ;˹Peter Harris֮Ϊҡҫ֮ΪΡ;Żɴ֮ΪλơЩУӰĿ Ρ֮˵Ӱ˺˶ԸӢƵʶӰ쵽Դ½Ƶʶ翵áΡйһᡣ

      ҫǻѧѧҡйᷢչ׼ȷİգйҲȻж⡣䡶йĻһΪйĻƪġͿԿࣺѧǴĻĽǶᣬͨ;ؽйĻ/ӡйĻļıŲоֳǰƪ۵Ƽתͣƪй֪ʶ½εݱ䣬ƪ̨ƵתͣȻѧ޵⣬һƪֱӹйִĽصޡٵ磬޷ǽͳйӦִԵսؽй˼·УΡΪԸӢƵĸǡǡҪ˵ۻعڡһơ¡Ρ˸ԵķչһֶεŻνġλơ֮˵ͬʵػ

     ӽιػ֣ҪǵǣΡ˵ġʲôΡʲôܽûиĶ壬ͨȫģν ƣΡǴڣǾ
Ӣ롣ۻعǰڲƣôӢʱڵԾѹ˴ͨƵķʽɵˣΡʵһΰţ
δвɴˣϵͳ˸Ӣ֡֡ԱϵԼݸײ


      ģʽڵǽһٶݱѹƽIJУ·ЩͬʱġʵϣЩͬɻƲͬʱġԲݸʮֵģԱϵ
ͳǴӡսʼģ֯ԡַᡱ֮֯ɴһġһֱʡԵЩʷݱ䣬ͿֲͬġɡصġΡ仰˵Ρǡǡڱ
ˡɡ⺬ⲻ˲ǣѧĻʶǡΡͳ조˵ΡɵĻ˭ͳأɼΡṹʽȱֻаҳܰʾ

      ʵ˭֪Ӣξڸ۶ֳͳΣǡ޷ɵġɴˣҪɵġΡһ۶ͳνȻͬΡ۶ͳµεĻǾͳ˳׵ĶֳΣΪΣű׼ѽνġʴȶáɼҪɵġΡΤν֧ͳεΣǡΡѯΡֲ֧ͬ
͵ĻֱʵӢй˹Ȩĸ硣εֳʾӢ˵֧й˵IJΡϣӢӢġѯʵ׼ȷؽʾ˸Ӣ
ƵʵʣӢѯй֮ʹͳΡɴˣΡ׼ȷӦǡ۶Ӣˣͨɣй˵ģβ롱ԴˣйʵӢġȨߡ˼ȲܡҲûбҪԼΡܼ˸̾޼ֺȨп˵ػòʸ񣬵ų֮⣬Ϊ⡮õĶνΡ˵Ѿһ־
һֵصصġeconomyĹεĹΡءʮһ͡2002 12 ڣҪһ㣬Ҫ۵ܶơ뿪۶̸۵ƣIJûĽʬ뿪Ȩ̸֧ΣIJDZ

    ˹ڣNorman MinersѸӢƶȿǡڵ۹εĻʯӳ˴Ӣ۹ֳص˵Ӣ۹۽ƣܵӰ죺һӢεľ顣ҪǻڴεơǴӢһ۹ľѵӢ۹ͳαֳʱڣڱֳԡ˰͡ͶƱΪںŵĶ˶ʹӢʶֳβҪҪյǴӢ۹ͳӡֳصľ顣ӡ帴ӵֳأҪάЧʵͳΣҪ͸ԭеὨƣƣʵνġͳΡindirect ruleӢ۹ʵʩܶʵϾξܽᡣ

      ܶƵĺڸ۶˫ݡӢŮ۵ĴʹȨȨַʽسΪֳڴӢ۹ĴǸӢ׳ֳ׳Ҳ˵۶ȴӢʹȨͳΣҲӢʹȨijϻֳأӶѴӢ۹ֳغ͸Ӣͬݽһ۶ӵоԵȨŮ𲢴ŮĶһ޶Ȩֳع105 ܶƵǿܶȨͬʱҲǿӢ۹ֳصľԿƣӶ֤۹ε֮ܶܶľȨֵֺáӢڸȨ߻רŵȨأûмලȨȡֶֺΧƸ۶֯ģԱɸ۶ίεģҸ۶ͬʱֵϯֺ־оԵĿȨȻǼȡ˴Ӣһ۹Ľѵڱֳӵжᣬ谭ܶȨʹʹΪ߻˶ĺ̳ڸ۶֣ȻΪ˷ֳֹؿֵܳĶ

      ǣ۶ľȨֵͨУܹػӦᷢչѹҲѯչΪ׼磬Ϊ˻ӦӢ˵սӢһӢʴų
Աһ*ΪӢʲſ֡ʮĩۻʲŵѸٷչӢһ˰ˡΪһλʱԱžǺл⽻͢˶ʮͳڣΪӦʡ۴չӢһŶίٳΪһλԱ

      ίԱǽ˵ͨԱɡᾫӢⲻʮĩˡۿԱ͹ԱɡԲݸɣӢһȡġͳΡַ졣Դˣεʮθ۶۴ѧ¬ѺFrederick LugardܽӢֳصľӢ޵˫ίΡThe DualMandate in British Tropical AfricaϸʵǡΡľڣ


      ƶȵĻڱҪΪһ֡Ӣ˺ͱΪͳ໥ػ໥طãһͳһãбְȷؼԹ涨ҪӢԱƽȵݡӢ뱾˵ְӦͻҲܲҪص֮Ӧ໥䣬DZ˱⣬ǡطңûȨӵְλȨӢı204ҳ

       ҪעǣƪIJҪӢʱڵƣҲdzԵĵطʵҪ⿪֮ڵΰԡ⡰Ի⿪աģʽУӢͳξӢģӢģرйᾭõľӢʱɽľ߻ȥӶһﵽˡӢϡЧһȡȨĺϷԡǣ֮⣬ʼûгֹ
вԵķԵģʽԣҲΰһܸԵԭ򡣡йĻ4344 ҳʵϣͬҲ۴ѧ˹أIan ScottڵġαǨΣ
Political Change and the Crisis of Legitimacy in Hong KongһСⱾ㷺õУ˹ؽ۵ĸӢλáάֺɥʧԣΪԼͳȨб绤ԼǷֱ绤ΪֳȨѾ⡱Ӣı36 ҳͬ۸ӢֳؽԵַ˹ص

      һ˹ؽڵֳͳ߽ΣĽǶȳչͳߵ־ǻۺַˣΡֳͳεIJԡܽҲϡΡǸӢؽ
ԵֶΣǿΪƶȻƻľӢϻƺβģʽĿǻӦΤԴڶлۣΪʲôлûг⡣仰˵ǴԵϽǶε⡣֮£˹ؽڵ١Ρ ζɴ˲ĵڶοһķӢ˶

       ڶͽעġȥʮʱΣ˹ؽרһ½ʮġζҡѵʶⳡζҡĸ۵ͳȨ˭Уɴرע˵ķֳΪӢͳй֮ĹϵӢ˲ȡѡΣǽ㷺ѯίԱ͸Ⱥ֯ͲݸġΡǡǡΪάӢ˵ͳΡҪעǣһķӢ˶ ս緶Χڵķֳۡ˶Ҫɲ֡ʱëϯ¼йĻȫ硣ʱӢֳ߰ëǿġˮ顱ԼθԣԱҵͨ֯ȺڡȺڵȡʤܡ¼¹ҫԴרŽԼѧϰȺ·ߣͨ֯ȺڡȡȺ¼µĹоʱӢҲר˵¼ѧϰҫġЭᡱѯίԱᡱƶȵȣѧϰ֯Ⱥڵİ취ָѯ֯硰˶˶͡˶˶ӶȺȡԼһߡˣ
һķӢ˶йĻʷϵҪ壬޷ӢƳġΡκ塣ΡζҡڽֻΪһʴøӢ˵ΪҡIJڸӢ²㡰ͨʧܡӶΪҡIJڡΣӢͳڳɹϾӢײʱûʵֶԲݸײϡɴˣһȨĶһ
Ե۹ֳζڽı±⣬Ӣڵ⡣һⱻữʽˣӢ롰ڡΪĿij壬νйĻ/
ؽʵѾǡйġĻؽĻйؽйشٴα˱δʣһ⺬һ΢IJҲڽѧ
ң˹ѧҵԭˣҪָѧ˵ɫʣôΡ岢ǵġӢϡǸӢֳͳڲпѹЩϣֳ
֧ķֳߺ󣬽ЩĻΥĽֳͳεľӢݸ²ϵֳС

       дƪĵʮӢıһ꣩۴ѧ˶ӿ£̵ִĴѧҲ⡣һĴѧѧдѧˡ˭ڲдˡۣĴѧƻļƻʵֳͳεļƻѧļƻʩūūļƻרΪӢϼҴ㡢ʶ״רֳָ߲⻿һСȨ桢İ׵νߵȻˡһ۹Уϵĵλǡһȡǣʵʵԣȴ΢ģгСֿ
׺ֳʽ֦ڵ⣬϶ֳߵ˳Ӧѡ ëѣѧ˶ܼ֡ءʮһ£ɴѧеļǵļеˡֳΡ⣬Ҳӳ֧ڽļҶзζǣӢƶѧԺϲΪĴѧ֮ԳйͳĻĴѧҪӢΪѧѧԣֲ̬ĥĴѧʵҲĥ۽ԸͬѧԸӢѧ紦ĩ˼롢Ļھ÷ѸٱԵĸԴ

      ʮ۵ѧ˶ۻ˵һԾֱӻӦһķӢ˶ߵɹ˺֪ʶӣڵϺ֯ϵϵǰߵѧӣڵֻĻϵϵԾ̳ϵҪڳɣǷۣʵ˷˵ʮɳġëϯĺѧȻڸӢIJпѹڡΡľ޴ɹοһķӢ˶οʮľԾͱ˺ʹ˰̡ɵĻУ˶ǡӢһηԵ۹ֳΰ󰮹˶ڸӢͱɾӢײ֧ĻϵУ˶Ϊζҡһ֡οֲ

     ڽУõľǡζҡһΪζҡԭͺױΪᾭԭ򣨱硰ͨʧܡⲿصӶֳεڱʵֳӢײձ̬ɴˣҪ⡰Ρģʽƪĵ壬޷һdzζҡ˼޷ѶԶʮȫʷʷͨ̿ۻعʮ֮ʣⳡζҡʮ֮ʣбҪҿйϵ˰˰е˼


                                     ʮһڸ۵


йĻҫţѧһž棻IanScott, Political Change and the Crisis of Legitimacy in Hong Kong, HongKong: Oxford University Press,1989